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Anadolu Agency: News in English, 98-02-16
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From: The Anadolu Agency Home Page at <http://www.anadoluajansi.gov.tr/>
16 FEB 1998
 TURKEY-PRESS SCANThese are some of the major headlines and their brief stories in Turkey's press on Feb 16, 1998. The Anadolu Agency does not verify these stories and does not vouch for their accuracy. You will find more detailed summaries of the main stories in the Turkish press in a few hours.
HURRIYET (LIBERAL) EXCUSE TOUR FOR ALIYEV
MILLIYET (LIBERAL)TURKMEN PEOPLE MIGRATE
The Gulf Crisis created tension for the Turkmen people living in Iraq. A majority of the Turkmen people living in Baghdad, Kerkuk and Musul towns migrated to the Suleymaniye, Erbil and Dohuk region due to the possibility of a military strike against Iraq.
SABAH (LIBERAL)GOODBYE WELFARE
The full verdict of the Constitutional Court regarding the closure case of the Welfare party (RP) will be published in the Official Gazette today or on Tuesday and the existence of the RP will end. The parliamentary group of the RP will be closed and Erbakan the leader and five other members will no longer be parliamentarians.
CUMHURIYET (LEFT)US TO HIT IRAQ BY AIR
The US administration wishes to limit the operation to air attacks that will be staged against Iraq to punish Saddam the Iraqi leader who is resisting the opening of the presidential sites for control by the UN experts.
RADIKAL (LEFT)YILMAZ: FIRSTLY WE AIM TO DECREASE INFLATION
Prime Minister Mesut Yılmaz said that first of all the government aims to decrease inflation, adding that their other priorities are ''tax and local administration reforms.''
YENİ YÜZYIL (LIBERAL)OPPOSITION AGAINST ERBAKAN
The liberal group in the Welfare Party (RP) wants a ''mass party rather than having a religious image.''
TÜRKİYE (RIGHT)IRAQ RESISTS
United Nations (UN) experts came to Baghdad. Taha Yasin Ramazan, the Iraqi Deputy Head of State said, ''they can visit the eight presidential sites, but can not control these places.''
ZAMAN (CONSERVATIVE)EXTRAORDINARY SUCCESS
Students studying at primary schools in Tunceli, Hakkari, Batman and Bingol provinces in Southeastern Anatolia are more successful in the general examinations than their counterparts.
FİNANSAL FORUM (ECONOMY)FOREIGN CAPITAL NEEDS REPRESENTATION
The representatives of foreign firms criticized instability in Turkey. Foreigners think that Turkey should promote herself better abroad in order to attract foreign capital.
 TURKEY-IRAN - FOREIGN MINISTRY UNDERSECRETARY HAKTANIR WRAPS UP HIS CONTACTS IN IRAN - TURKEY AND IRAN IN CONSENSUS OF OPINION REGARDING THE IRAQ-UN CRISISANKARA, Feb 16 (A.A) - Korkmaz Haktanir, the Foreign Ministry Undersecretary wrapped up his official contacts in Iran and returned to Turkey on Sunday.
Haktanır met on Saturday with Muhsin Eminzade, the Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister and he was also received by the Mohammed Khatemi, the Iranian President and Kemal Kharrazi, the Foreign Minister.
The Foreign Ministry said that the two sides welcomed the fact that the Iranian and Turkish ambassadors will reciprocally start working in Ankara and Teheran by the beginning of March.
The two sides decided to revive Turkish-Iranian security mechanisms and in this framework Turkey will host the first meetings of the Joint Security Committee and Supreme Security Commission. Moreover, the Turkish-Iranian Joint Economic Commission meeting, which will also discuss transportation issues, will be held in Teheran.
Turkey and Iran share similar points of view and concerns regarding the crisis between Iraq and United Nations (UN) and in this framework the two countries decided to be in close contact and exchange views.
The Foreign Ministry noted that the two countries, which attribute great importance to protection of the territorial integrity of Iraq and a solution of the crisis by peaceful methods, think that the UN Security Council Resolutions should be fully implemented. The two sides also expressed their concern about the use of military force which will cause harm to the people of Iraq and the region.
Haktanır conveyed the message of President Suleyman Demirel to the Iranian President Khatemi and expressed the views of Turkey concerning regional developments.
Khatemi told Haktanır that Iran attributes great importance to Turkey and wishes to cooperate with Turkey in all fields. Khatemi also stressed that the interests of Turkey and Iran, which are two neighbourly and friendly countries, are linked to each other.
 TURKEY IN BRIEF - FEBRUARY 16, 1998ANKARA - The regulation of the Free Trade Agreement, which was signed between Turkey and Romania, was published in the Official Gazette on Sunday. The regulation determines the enforcement policies of the agreement.
The methods and the rules of the procedure regarding the implementation of the ''Definition of the Concept of Originating Products and the Protocol-D Regarding Methods of Administrative Cooperation'', which were mentioned in Article 18 of the free trade agreement, were determined by the regulation.
In accordance with this decision, the products mentioned in the regulation will be accepted as the products originating in one country.
LEFKOSA - The New Cyprus Party (YKP) Leader Alpay Durduran and the Lefkosa Independent Deputy Ozker Ozgur established a new left-wing political party named the ''Patriotic Unity Movement'' (YBH) in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC), it was reported on Sunday. Ozker Ozgur was earlier dismissed from the Republican Turkish Party (CTP).
A written application was sent to the TRNC Interior Ministry two days before regarding the establisment of an Islamic party named ''Our Party''.
GAZIANTEP - Mustafa Tasar, the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said on Monday that they will create employment for nearly 50 thousand families when the ''Turkish Livestock Improvement Project'' concludes.
Pointing out that they will present the project to the Council of Ministers' for approval when a source of 225 trillion liras is obtained, Tasar said that the project will provide an annual contribution of 156 trillion liras of contribution to the economy.
ANKARA - The Ministry of Tourism prepared a project to revive the historical ''Silk Road'' with the aim of diversifying tourism, spreading it throughout the country and making the tourism potential operational, it was reported on Monday.
The Ministry of Tourism, in order to introduce the historical and cultural values of the Silk Road to the world, has organized a ''Silk Road'' promotion activity in which foreign tour operators, travel agencies and managers will participate.
The activity will take place between September 1 and 9, 1998 and will include Istanbul, Kayseri, Nevsehir, Aksaray, Konya, Isparta and Antalya.
 TURKEY-WINTER - BAD WEATHER ADVERSELY AFFECTS MOTORWAYS IN CENTRAL ANATOLIAANKARA/KAYSERI, Feb 16 (A.A) - The Sivas-Kangal motorway was closed to traffic due to snow and snowdrifts on Sunday night, while bad weather conditions adversely affect transportation in Kayseri Province, it was reported on Monday.
The Directorate General of Highways said that the Sivas-Kangal, Pınarbası- Gurun and Gurun-Sivas motorways have been closed to traffic due to snow and snowdrifts.
Meanwhile, the snow which started in the Central Anatolian province of Kayseri on Sunday, closed 154 village roads in the Counties of Pınarbası, Sarız and Sarıoglan of Kayseri Province.
The Village Services officials said that activities are underway for opening the village roads to transportation again.
Meanwhile, the Kayseri-Malatya motorway, which was closed to traffic on Sunday night due to snow, opened to transportation again on Monday morning.
 TURKEY-ICC - ICC SECRETARY GENERAL CATTAUI: - ''TURKEY HAS A CONSIDERABLE ECONOMIC POSITION WITHIN GLOBAL LEVEL'' - ''I WILL MAKE RESEARCHES ON HOW WE CAN ASSIST TURKEY MORE''ANKARA, Feb 16 (A.A) - Maria Livanos Cattaui, the Secretary General of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), said on Monday that Turkey has a very significant economic potential at the global level.
Cattaui, who came to Ankara to hold contacts with the members of the ICC Turkish National Committee and to realize useful cooperation, held a press briefing at the Ankara Sheraton Hotel.
''I will make studies on how the ICC can be of greater assistance to Turkey, '' Cattaui said, adding that Turkey has a powerful position within the ICC.
Emphasizing that Turkey is one of the leading five countries among the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) member countries whose exports and imports have rapidly improved, Cattaui said that from an economic standpoint Turkey has a very important geographical location at the global level.
 TURKEY-PRESS REVIEW (1)These are brief summaries of some of the leading stories in Turkey's press on Feb 16, 1998. The Anadolu Agency does not verify these stories and does not vouch for their accuracy.
(Derived from Newsspot of the Turkish Directorate of General Press and Information.)
YILMAZ: ''TURKEY CANNOT BE DRAWN INTO AN ADVENTURE
During an opening ceremony in Kirikkale, Yilmaz said that the Turkish Armed Forces were powerful enough to deal with every threat against Turkey. He added, ''Turkey has a very important place in the Balkans, Caucasia and the Middle East. Turkey uses its military, geographic, economic and human resources at international levels. Our government has already taken the necessary measures to avoid being negatively affected by the current Iraq- U.S. crisis.'' /Hurriyet/
CEM IN CHINA
Cem said he would convey a goodwill message from President Suleyman Demirel to China's President Jiang Zemin. Cem will return home on February 25, after a visit to Vietnam. /All papers/
HAKTANIR IN TEHRAN
Haktanir, who also met Iranian Foreign Minister Kamal Kharrazi, stated that the two countries will exchange ambassadors at the beginning of March. The statement said both sides had agreed to revive security cooperation, with Turkey hosting the first meeting of the Joint Security Committee and Supreme Security Commission. The statement said the two sides also agreed to cooperate on transportation, the active functioning of chief consulates in the two countries and economic issues. /Milliyet/
(To be continued)
 TURKEY-PRESS REVIEW (2)These are brief summaries of some of the leading stories in Turkey's press on Feb 16, 1998. The Anadolu Agency does not verify these stories and does not vouch for their accuracy.
(Derived from Newsspot of the Turkish Directorate of General Press and Information.)
MENZIR IN MONACO
TAJIK PARLIAMENT SPEAKER IN TURKEY
OTTOMAN ARCHIVES TO BE MOVED TO NEW SITE
NEW STUDY ON TURKEY'S FULL EU MEMBERSHIP CANDIDACY
US FINDS TURKEY'S AEGEAN INITIATIVE 'ENCOURAGING'
ALIYEV IN ISTANBUL
 TURKEY-EU - EU COORDINATION COUNCIL MEETING - STATE MINISTER GUREL: ''WE HOPE TO COMPLETE A COMPREHENSIVE STUDY TO START A NEW NEGOTIATION PROCESS WITH THE EU''ANKARA, Feb 16 (A.A) - Sukru Sina Gurel, the Minister of State said on Monday that ''we hope to complete a comprehensive study to start a new negotiation process with the European Union (EU).''
The EU Coordination Council convened the same day under the leadership of State Minister Gurel.
Speaking at the meeting, Gurel recalled that the Council had decided during its first meeting to set up 14 sub-committees regarding the operation of the Customs Union between Turkey and the EU.
Noting that these committees completed their studies and submitted their main reports to the Ministry, Gurel added that an overall evaluation will be made concerning these reports during today's meeting.
''Our government has evaluated the decision made during the EU Luxembourg Summit and explained that a comprehensive and multi-dimensional political dialogue with the EU was not possible unless the EU changed its discriminatory attitude towards Turkey. Our attitude within this framework continues. However improvement of our relations with the EU within the framework of the Customs Union is one of our targets, but this also depends on fulfilment of obligations by the EU,'' said Gurel.
Responding to the questions of journalists, Gurel said that Turkey is the side which has to prepare proposals regarding Turkish-EU relations and the Council tries to function to this end.
 TURKEY IN BRIEF (2)- FEBRUARY 16, 1998ANKARA - President Suleyman Demirel received Ian Kenneth Forsyth, the Australian Ambassador to Ankara at the Presidential Palace at Cankaya on Monday.
The newly appointed Ambassador Forsyth presented his credentials to President Demirel at the meeting.
ANKARA - Prime Minister Mesut Yilmaz received on Monday Mark Parris, the US Ambassador to Turkey.
Ambassador Parris said after the meeting that Prime Minister Yilmaz and he exchanged views regarding the crisis in Iraq, adding that there is no further development regarding the issue.
ANKARA - The number of foreign tourists visiting Turkey in January 1998 increased by 14.65 percent compared to the same period last year, it was reported on Monday.
The Ministry of Tourism said that a total of 344,955 tourists visited Turkey in January 1998, adding that the number in the same period last year was 300,872.
The statement said that 22.17 percent of the tourists came from the Commonwealth of Independent States, 15.86 percent from Germany, 15.44 percent from Romania, adding that other tourists were Bulgarian, Israeli, US, Greek, Yugoslavian, Iranian, British and French citizens.
ANKARA - A Turkish technical delegation led by Hasan Gemici, the Minister of State, left on Monday for Sudan to pay an official visit. The delegation will then proceed to Cibuti.
The delegation will hold official contacts in the two countries until February 23.
EDIRNE - The Turkish-Bulgarian motorway was closed on Sunday to traffic at 22:30 due to flooding on the Bulgarian side.
Motor vehicles are not allowed to leave the country from the Kapikule Border Gate due to the flooding between the Bulgarian Kapitan Andreowe Border Gate and Haskova.
 TURKEY-GREECE - FOREIGN MINISTRY SPOKESMAN UTKAN: ''WE HAVE RECEIVED CONTRADICTORY RESPONSES TO OUR PEACE CALL FROM THE GREEK OFFICIALS''ANKARA, Feb 15 (A.A) - Necati Utkan, the Foreign Ministry Spokesman said on Monday that the peace call from Turkey to Greece should be examined carefully by the latter.
Addressing a press briefing for foreign journalists, Utkan said that the Foreign Ministry has received various, sometimes contradictory responses from the Greek officials in response to the peace call from Turkey.
Underlining the fact that Turkey's peace call was an important document, Utkan stated, ''the call incorporates several important proposals and warnings regarding the neccessity of refraining from behavior that could harm bilateral relations.''
Utkan added that Turkey hopes to receive a positive response from Greece regarding the steps decided to be taken within the framework of the Madrid declaration.
 TURKEY-IRAQ-UN - TURKEY INSISTS ON DIPLOMATIC SOLUTIONANKARA, Feb 16 (A.A) - The Foreign Ministry said on Monday that Turkey insists on using all diplomatic ways in order to disperse the tension between Iraq and the United Nations (UN) Security Council.
Addressing a press briefing for foreign journalists, Necati Utkan, the Foreign Ministry Spokesman said, ''we believe that all diplomatic methods have been taken into consideration and tried and we hope that the contacts of the UN Secretary General Kofi Annan will be useful.''
''The crisis will conclude in one way or another, but we hope that it will be solved peacefully,'' said Utkan, adding that any military intervention will cause harm to not only Iraq, but also to other countries in the region. ''Iraq should abide by the UN Security Council Resolutions to prevent such a military strike,'' he added.
Reiterating that Turkey attributes importance to the territorial integrity of Iraq, Utkan pointed out that a programme should be prepared in order to lift the economic embargo on Iraq as soon as possible.
''Turkey has taken all the precautions against negative influences that can arise during a possible military operation,'' said Utkan.
 TURKEY-TAJIKISTAN - PARLIAMENT SPEAKER CETIN RECEIVES RECEBOV HIS TAJIK COUNTERPARTISTANBUL, Feb 16 (A.A) - Hikmet Cetin, the Speaker of the Parliament received on Monday Seferali Recebov, the Tajik Speaker of the Parliament who came to Turkey as the official guest of Cetin.
Before the meeting, Cetin said that Turkey is one of the first countries that accepted the independence of Tajikistan.
Hikmet Cetin said that they launched efforts to implement the agreements signed between Turkey and her sister country Tajikistan.
Cetin stated that the visit of Recebov will contribute to the improvement of friendship between the peoples of the two countries and the parliaments.
Seferali Recebov said that he believes the relations for which foundations were laid by the mutual visits of the Presidents of the two countries in 1993 and 1996 will be further improved by his visit.
Recebov stated that they benefited from the structure of the Turkish State when preparing the Tajik Constitutional Law.
 TURKEY-FRANCE - PRESIDENT DEMIREL TO VISIT FRANCE - ''TURKISH-FRENCH 2000'' DOCUMENT TO BE SIGNED DURING DEMIREL'S VISITANKARA, Feb 16 (A.A) - President Suleyman Demirel will leave for France on Thursday for a two-day official visit upon the invitation of the French President Jacques Chirac, it was reported on Monday.
Necati Utkan, the Foreign Ministry Spokesman told a press briefing that regional and international issues, particularly bilateral relations will be discussed during President Demirel's visit to France.
Utkan said that President Demirel will meet with President Jacques Chirac, Prime Minister Lionel Jospin, Economy, Finance and Industry Minister Dominique Strauss Kahn, State Reform Minister Emile Zuccarelli, Pierre Moscovici, the French Minister Responsible for European Affairs and Senator Jean Paul Delevoye, the Chairman of Municipalities during his stay in France.
A document named ''Turkey-France 2000'', which was prepared during the visit to Turkey of the French Foreign Minister Hubert Vedrine, aimed at speeding up Turkish-French bilateral relations, will also be signed during Demirel's visit.
President Chirac will also present President Demirel with an Honourary award.
 TURKEY-PAKISTAN - TURKEY AND PAKISTAN TO SET UP A JOINT MARKETING COMPANY FOR THE EXPORTS TO THIRD COUNTRIESISLAMABAD/ANKARA, Feb 16 (A.A) - Turkey and Pakistan signed an agreement on a large number of measures for greater economic interaction and cooperation between the two countries, it was reported on Monday.
Burhan Kara, the Minister of State for Maritime Affairs and Ishaq Dar, the Pakistani Minister of Commerce, signed the agreement after deliberations by the Joint Ministerial Commission (JMC).
The protocol signed includes ''the setting up of a joint marketing firm between the two countries for the exports of products to third countries'', ''joint efforts between the construction firms of the two sides for cooperative ventures in Central Asia, the Middle East and Eastern Europe'', and ''cooperation between the Karachi Stock Exchange and the Istanbul Stock Exchange for cross listing of the shares of Turkish and Pakistani companies''.
Discussions were also held on the possible Turkish participation in the Pakistan Steel Mills and in other infrastructure projects in Pakistan.
Both Turkey and Pakistan agreed on the need to upgrade shipping transport to help growth in bilateral trade.
In order to promote contacts between the people of the two countries, it was agreed to finalize the Cultural Exchange Programme early and facilitate the issuing of visas to their nationals.
 TURKEY-INTERNAL - CONSTITUTIONAL COURT CONTINUES READING ITS FULL VERDICT REGARDING CLOSURE OF THE WELFARE PARTYANKARA, Feb 16 (A.A) - The Constitutional Court delegation continues to read its full verdict regarding the closure of the Welfare Party (RP), it was reported on Monday.
Addressing a short statement after the end of the first session in the morning, Deputy Chairman Guven Dincer said that the delegation continues to read the draft on the legal grounds of closing the RP, adding that the full verdict will be submitted to the Prime Ministry to be published in Official Gazette after completing the revision of the draft.
Dincer stressed that if the draft attains its final form in the afternoon session, then the verdict can be published in Monday's or Tuesday's Official Gazette.
 TURKEY-ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS - 61 ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS INCLUDING TWO TURKISH PEOPLE CAPTUREDEDIRNE, Feb 16 (A.A) - The Gendarmes captured 61 people who tried to pass the Turkish border and enter Greece and Bulgaria illegally, it was reported on Monday.
The Gendarmes captured 46 Iraqis and one Romanian in a region near Uyuklutatar village. Two Turkish people were captured in the same region while trying to enter Bulgaria illegally.
Meanwhile, 12 Iraqis, who were captured near Ipsala and Uzunkopru Counties of Edirne Province, said that they came to the region to enter other countries illegally.
Officials said that the Iraqis detained will be deported.
 TURKEY-INTERNAL - COUNCIL OF MINISTERS CONVENESANKARA, Feb 16 (A.A) - The Council of Ministers convened on Monday under the leadership of Prime Minister Mesut Yılmaz.
The Council of Ministers will mainly discuss the issues of the draft law which foresees a change in several articles of the Turkish Penal Code and Article 8 of the Anti-Terrorism Act, the approval of the Supplementary Sixth Protocol of the European Convention on Human Rights which foresees annulment of the death penalty, developments and measures in importation, measures that will be taken in response to the recent regional developments and possible repercussions of the Gulf crisis on the Turkish economy.
 TRNC-GREEK CYPRIOTS - TRNC PRESIDENT DENKTAS CONGRATULATES CLERIDES: ''YOU ARE LEADER OF THE GREEK CYPRIOTS, NOT OF CYPRUS''LEFKOSA, Feb 16 (A.A) - Rauf Denktas, President of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) congratulated Glafcos Clerides on Monday, who was elected again as the leader of the Greek Cypriot administration by saying that ''he is leader of the Greek Cypriots, not of Cyprus. I hope he will be brave enough from now on to say this truth to his people.''
The TRNC President Denktas said that he can only meet with Clerides as the leaders of the ''two states'' on the island.
Denktas stressed that the Turkish Cypriot government, press, institutions and non-governmental organizations should altogether oppose the presentation of Glafcos Clerides as the ''President of Cyprus'' and explain to the world that this is not true.
Meanwhile, the TRNC President Denktas stressed that an Islamic party named ''Our Party'', which applied to the Ministry of the Interior, can not be established in the TRNC, because such a party is against the Turkish Cypriot Constitution.
 TURKEY-US - ANNUAL CONFERENCE ORGANIZED BY THE TURKISH-AMERICAN BUSINESS COUNCIL AND THE AMERICAN-TURKISH COUNCIL TO BE HELD IN WASHINGTON BETWEEN FEBRUARY 25 AND 28ISTANBUL, Feb 16 (A.A) - The annual conference, which was organized by the American-Turkish Council and the Turkish-American Business Council that operates within the structure of the Foreign Economic Relations Committee (DEIK), is scheduled to take place in Washington between February 25 and 28, it was reported on Monday.
The issue of ''cooperation opportunities'' for several sectors will be discussed during the conference.
Mustafa Koc, Chairman of the Turkish-American Business Council Chairman and Deputy Chairman Yilmaz Arguden held a press briefing and gave information about the conference in which Turkish-American relations will be discussed.
Mustafa Koc said that the investment opportunities in energy, food, defense industry, agricultural products, telecommunications, culture, banking- finance, tourism, infrastructure, health and education fields and cooperation in the Balkans and Aegean will be discussed during the conference.
Yilmaz Arguden said that the US Ministry of Commerce had registered Turkey as one of the ten emerging markets in the world.
 TURKEY-INTERNAL - SEVEN HADEP MEMBERS ARRESTEDANKARA, Feb 16 (A.A) - Ankara State Security Court decided on Monday to arrest seven members of the People's Democratic Party (HADEP) including the leader Murat Bozlak.
HADEP leader Murat Bozlak, Deputy Chairman Mehmet Saten, Secretary General Hamit Geylani, Deputy Secretary General M. Zeynettin Unay and other party members namely Ishak Tepe, Melik Aygun and Ali Rıza Yurtsever are convicted of charges of working for the separatist terrorist organization PKK under Article 168-1 of the Turkish Penal Code.
State Security Court Prosecutor Talat Salk said that 50 other members of HADEP will be taken into custody.
The seven were detained last week after police examined the party's headquarters to search for documents linking the party to the separatist terrorist organization PKK.
Many HADEP members were convicted last year after a party rally in which a Turkish flag was cut down and replaced with a flag symbolizing the separatist terrorist organization PKK.
 TURKEY-MACEDONIA-BULGARIA - BUSINESS TRIP TO MACEDONIA AND BULGARIAANKARA, Feb 16 (A.A) - A Turkish delegation including representatives of 38 firms will visit Macedonia and Bulgaria between February 16-21, it was reported on Monday.
Necati Utkan, the Foreign Ministry Spokesman said that Turkish delegations of Small and Medium-Scale Enterprises (KOBI) will visit several countries within the framework of the measures taken by the Foreign Ministry to present KOBI to foreigners and promote exports.
The Turkish KOBI delegation will meet with Boris Rikalovski, the Macedonian Economy Minister and Dusan Petrovski, the Chairman of the Economy Chamber and hold bilateral contacts with Macedonian businessmen in Skopje between Feb 16-18.
The delegation will proceed to Bulgaria on February 19 and hold contacts there until February 21 with the Bulgarian officials, institutions and businessmen.
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