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TRKNWS-L Turkish Press Review (August 29, 1995)

From: hristu@arcadia.harvard.edu (Dimitrios Hristu)

Turkish News Directory

CONTENTS

  • [01] THIRD TURKISH-SPEAKING REPUBLICS SUMMIT ENDS

  • [02] TURKEY CONDEMNS SERB SHELLING IN SARAJEVO

  • [03] CILLER ATTENDING ASPEN CONFERENCE

  • [04] "GREECE MUST SUPPORT TURKEY"

  • [05] PAKISTANI CHIEF OF GENERAL STAFF TO VISIT TURKEY TODAY

  • [06] ROMANIAN PARLIAMENT SPEAKER VISITS IMKB

  • [07] TWO PEOPLE KILLED, 17 KIDNAPPED

  • [08] TURKEY TAKING BORDER PRECAUTIONS

  • [09] FEARS OF NEW MIGRANT PROBLEMS

  • [10] FRENCH REPRESENTATIVE VISITS BOSNIAN CHILDREN

  • [11] 300,000 PEOPLE VISIT IZMIR FAIR IN FIRST TWO DAYS


  • WITH THE COMPLIMENT OF

    DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF PRESS AND INFORMATION

    TURKISH PRESS REVIEW

    AUGUST 29, 1995

    Summary of the political and economic news in the Turkish

    press this morning.

    [01] THIRD TURKISH-SPEAKING REPUBLICS SUMMIT ENDS

    President Suleyman Demirel, at the Turkish Summit yesterday, urged the Turkish-Speaking Republics of the former Soviet Union, with their vast natural resources, to rid themselves of their dependency on "other powers". "Our brother countries must have direct access to the world markets without obstacles" Demirel told the presidents of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan gathered at the third summit meeting of six Turkish-speaking countries. Turkey has proposed carrying Azeri and Kazakh oil to world markets through pipelines passing via its territory. It also wants to transport Turkmen oil to Europe. Demirel also urged the Turkish- speaking states to boost trade and economic ties both with Turkey and among themselves. He made the following additional points: -Turkey would greatly benefit from a customs union with the EU, attract foreign investments, and adjust its trade regulations according to the EU regime. The friendly Turkish-speaking countries would also benefit from Turkey's customs union deal. --Karabakh: The Turkish-speaking countries should support Azerbaijan in efforts to end the Armenian occupation of Azeri lands. --Security in Central Asia: Turkey supports a Kazakh proposal for an organization like the OSCE in Central Asia --Tajikistan and Afghanistan: Turkey supports peaceful solutions to the two problems. --Bosnia: Ankara backs a solution that protects Bosnia's independence, territorial integrity and sovereignty.

    At the end of the summit a final communique signed by the six leaders noted the following major points: -The heads of state pledged to boost bilateral and multilateral economic ties "without undermining their current international obligations". -The heads of state emphasized the necessity to develop and materialize joint projects regarding oil and natural gas "with all related countries". In this respect, they "noted with pleasure" studies to build pipelines for oil and gas through Turkey to the Mediterranean and Europe, respectively, since the last summit meeting in Istanbul. -The heads of state emphasized the necessity of fighting against terrorism and drug smuggling. They supported the territorial integrity of the Turkish-speaking countries and rejected separatist moves. -Cooperation and relations between these countries were not directed against any country. --The 4th Summit will be held in Tashkent, Uzbekistan in September or October, 1996.

    President Suleyman Demirel and leaders from the Turkish-speaking republics yesterday celebrated the one thousandth anniversary of the Manas epic. Demirel said: "One of the Manas celebration's messages is that a new era in the world begins. It is very important as it is a beginning of a new era for the Turkish world from the Adriatic to the China Sea".

    During his speech, and recalling the priceless cultural wealth of the ancient masterpiece of history, Demirel said that the epic was not just about Manas alone, was not just his alone, but included also Emir Timur, Alpaslan and Ataturk.

    Leaders from Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Kyrgyzstan posed together for photographs with Demirel along with government officials and representatives. /Sabah-Milliyet-Cumhuriyet-Hurriyet/

    [02] TURKEY CONDEMNS SERB SHELLING IN SARAJEVO

    Foreign Minister Erdal Inonu said yesterday in a written statement that Turkey strongly condemned the latest Serb artillery attack on Sarajevo. At least 37 people were killed and 87 wounded when a shell slammed into the entrance of a busy Sarajevo street market on Monday. President Suleyman Demirel described the attack as "treacherous" and pointed out that NATO should react militarily against these kinds of attacks. Qualifying the attack as a new example of continuing brutality, Prime Minister Tansu Ciller said: "I call upon the international community to act. I make this call for no more Bosnias in the future".

    Inonu, noting that allowing Sarajevo to be besieged by the Serbian forces using the threat of heavy weapons, was harming the UN's prestige, said: "It is necessary to protect UN declared safe areas from the attacks. We are expecting a move aiming to remove all heavy weapons around Sarajevo, without further delay". He also asked for NATO air force intervention according to previous decisions taken to protect safe areas by the NATO Council. Inonu said that Turkey was monitoring the UN peace keeping forces withdrawal from the other safe area, Gorazde, with concern. "Turkey has launched necessary initiatives about the results of this withdrawal" he said. Inonu pointed out that it was difficult to understand this decision for withdrawal while there was a guarantee of protection given by NATO. He also asked for necessary measures to protect civilians from such attacks by the concerned parties, particularly the UN. /Hurriyet-Sabah-Milliyet/

    [03] CILLER ATTENDING ASPEN CONFERENCE

    Prime Minister Ciller is participating in the Aspen Institute Conference at the Ciragan Palace in Istanbul. During her speech at the meeting about the changing world we live in, Ciller stressed Turkey's strategic role and importance in the region. She also promised that the controversial article 18 in the constitution would be lifted. Saying that freedom of thought and speech were vital elements of real democracy, Ciller said that during autumn, the government would be taking the issue up. Noting that freedom of the press, religion and other basic freedoms were the criteria by which democracies were judged, Ciller said that she was "determined" that Turkey would be seen as being truly democratic with these rights firmly established in the constitution.

    Every year the US Aspen Institute holds a meeting in a different country to discuss relations between the major countries of the world and international developments. Participants from the US include Senator Joseph Lieberman, Senator Alan Simpson, Pat Schoeder, William Clay and Bob Graham. /Hurriyet/

    [04] "GREECE MUST SUPPORT TURKEY"

    Special advisor to President Clinton, George Stephanopoulos, has again stressed that Greece must support Turkey's efforts to gain full membership in the European Union (EU). During his official visit to Athens, Stephanopoulos said yesterday that tensions between Greece and Turkey must be eased and eliminated.

    The special advisor also said that disagreements could smoothed out with continuing dialogue, and that the US would help to see that both sides came together. He noted though that first, both sides would have to come to agreement before the US could render effective aid. /Cumhuriyet/

    [05] PAKISTANI CHIEF OF GENERAL STAFF TO VISIT TURKEY TODAY

    Gen.Abdulvahid Kakker, Chief of General Staff of Pakistan, will arrive in Turkey today after he completes his official visit to Iran. Gen.Kakker went to Tehran yesterday to discuss recent events in Bosnia-Herzegovina. He told the official news agency of Iran that Muslim countries must find a solution for Bosnia. After his visit to Turkey, he will fly to Bosnia-Herzegovina where he will visit the 3,000 Pakistani soldiers deployed there.

    [06] ROMANIAN PARLIAMENT SPEAKER VISITS IMKB

    Speaker of the Romanian Parliament Adrian Nastase altered his plans in Istanbul yesterday to visit the Istanbul Stock Exchange's (IMKB) new premises in Istinye. Nastase and IMKB Chairman Tuncay Artun met to discuss the Bucharest Stock Exchange, for which the IMKB provided technical assistance, and Romania's membership in the Eurasian Stock Exchanges Federation. Nastase was briefed for nearly an hour on how the IMKB operated, its structure, future projects and its position in the region. Artun expressed his great pleasure at Natase's visit and described his visit as "meaningful". The Romanian Parliament has approved a comprehensive privatization programme, and the support the IMKB provides to the Romanian Stock Exchange will help Romanian companies to become listed abroad. Nastase is in Turkey as the guest of Turkish Parliament Speaker Husamettin Cindoruk. /Sabah/

    [07] TWO PEOPLE KILLED, 17 KIDNAPPED

    Two people were killed in a shooting spree by members of the PKK terrorist organization late on Sunday in a mountainous area of the Mus -Haskoy district. Another group of terrorists kidnapped 17 people from Kaynarpinar village in the Bingol -Karliova region the previous night. /Hurriyet/

    [08] TURKEY TAKING BORDER PRECAUTIONS

    In view of the worsening situation in northern Iraq, Turkish security forces are taking more precautions along the border with Iraq. Serious clashes between PKK terrorist groups and the Kurdish forces of Mesut Barzani in the northern Iraq regions are creating concern in Ankara that a really serious confrontation could flare up.

    Although there have been suggestions that Turkey and Barzani could unite their forces in a semi-military operation, nothing has so far been agreed upon. In the meantime, Barzani's forces have tightened up on identity checks and have increased the number of regional control points.

    Reports from the region are confused, with claims that large numbers of people have been kidnapped by PKK terrorists. Security officials are trying to evaluate the position, with Ankara watching the situation even more closely.

    A number of foreign newspapers have also reported on the growing tension in northern Iraq, suggesting that the PKK wants to grab a major footing in the region. Although it is barely a month since the Dublin meeting on Iraq and related regional issues, the Kurdish political parties there and the PKK are suddenly creating massive headaches for Ankara. Along with other foreign observers, Ankara too is concerned that the PKK wants to create new so-called "free zones" in areas once controlled by the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) led by Mesut Barzani.

    Initial assessments in the Turkish and foreign press say that PKK leader Abdullah "Apo" Ocalan has "stabbed the KDP in the back" by stepping up attacks against Kurdish forces. So far the PKK has taken over 18 security points belonging to Kurdish forces since Saturday when renewed fighting began in earnest. /All papers/

    [09] FEARS OF NEW MIGRANT PROBLEMS

    Officials in the UN Commission for Refugees are worried that the renewed fighting in northern Iraq could lead to an upsurge in regional migration. People from the areas where the fighting is most intense are already crowding into UN controlled refugee camps seeking security. There are well over 14 thousand people in the Atrus camp alone.

    Warning that if the fighting worsened, the situation could get out of hand, Commission representative Abdullah Sait said that more civilians were getting killed in the fighting and this could spark a rush to migrate to safer areas. /Milliyet/

    [10] FRENCH REPRESENTATIVE VISITS BOSNIAN CHILDREN

    Colette Compagnon, representative of the French branch of the Committee of Information and Relations Nongovernmental Organization visited the Gaziosmanpasa refugee camp in Kirklareli province to examine the mental and physical state of the Bosnian children living there, the Anatolia news agency reported.

    [11] 300,000 PEOPLE VISIT IZMIR FAIR IN FIRST TWO DAYS

    In the first two days, 300,000 people have visited the 1995 Izmir International Fair which is in its 64th year, the Anatolia news agency reported yesterday. Many others attended the special Businessmen's Day. Some commercial agreements have already been signed between Turkish and foreign businessmen.

    END

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