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TRKNWS-L Turkish Press Review (December 25, 1995)

From: "Demetrios E. Paneras" <dep@bu.edu>

Turkish News Directory

CONTENTS

  • [01] LATEST RESULTS OF GENERAL ELECTION

  • [02] TURKEY HEADING FOR THREE PARTY COALITION

  • [03] CUSTOMS UNION EFFECTIVE ON JANUARY 1

  • [04] WASHINGTON POST ADMITS PKK ARE TERRORISTS

  • [05] GW UNVERSITY STUDY SLAMS PKK

  • [06] BELGIUM GIVES GO-AHEAD FOR EUROPALIA TURKEY

  • [07] TURKISH CULTURE CENTRE TO BE OPENED IN KAZAKHSTAN

  • [08] WORLD BANK AMENDS LOAN

  • [09] ASSOCIATION OF TURKISH-FRENCH ENGINEERS CELEBRATES 40TH YEAR


  • TURKISH PRESS REVIEW

    MONDAY DECEMBER 25, 1995

    Summary of the political and economic news in the Turkish press

    this morning

    [01] LATEST RESULTS OF GENERAL ELECTION

    Latest preliminary results of voting for the Turkish Parliament issued by Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT). Results of party lists contest for the 550-seat parliament in precentages after counting 99 % of votes. Parties must win a minimum 10 % of votes nationally to qualify for seats.
         PARTY
         Welfare Party (RP)..............21.24 %
         Motherland Party (ANAP).........19.65 %
         True Path Party (DYP)...........19.20 %
         Democratic Left Party (DSP).....14.60 %
         Republican People's Party (CHP).10.74 %
         National Movement Party (MHP)... 8.17 %
         People's Democracy Party (HADEP) 3.92 %
         Others.......................... 2.48 %
    
    The MHP and the HADEP fail to clear the vote barrier. Both win less than 10 % of the national vote. /All papers/

    [02] TURKEY HEADING FOR THREE PARTY COALITION

    Headed by the fundamentalist Welfare Party, Turkey's three major parties are struggling in an election race that has left the nation gasping. No party can come across with an outright win, and in the closing stages of the count, it is clear that the Welfare, Motherland and True Path parties are going to have to share in a three party coalition.

    Although Turkey wants to be a modern secular country, Welfare has made massive headway. Reports all show that voting was strong with everyone turn- ing out to vote, with only isolated cases of tension at the ballots. Some of the parties that expected a better result, and that failed to cross the ten percent threshold, reportedly closed their offices early.

    Sunday's election was followed by the international news agencies, including CNN and the BBC. The official Russian agency TASS also ran some updates and commentaries on how the election was going. /Hurriyet-Milliyet-Cumhuriyet/

    [03] CUSTOMS UNION EFFECTIVE ON JANUARY 1

    With the customs union becoming effective on January 1, 1996, Turkey will have to remove all customs and taxes imposed on goods imported from the European Union (EU) member countries, and bring its trade relations with third countries into harmony with EU regulations. Fresh agricultural products will be included in the scope of the customs union after 22 years, and protective measures imposed on processed agricultural products will be removed after three years. Protectionist policies followed in respect to automotive industry and plastic goods production will be gradually removed over five years. /Cumhuriyet/

    [04] WASHINGTON POST ADMITS PKK ARE TERRORISTS

    The Washington Post, the top Washington daily said in an editorial on Saturday, that Turkey's human rights critics do have a point, since the Turkish military, in its war against "Kurdish separatists terrorists" can be "pretty raw". The Clinton administration has approved the sale of 120 ATACMS to Turkey for $130 million. The editorial reminded readers of Turkey's continuing strategic importance as a bulwark against Muslim fundamentalism, and as a base for flights against Saddam Hussein. Thus "naturally an ally does not like being treated as a conditional member of the club" the Post said. /All papers/

    [05] GW UNVERSITY STUDY SLAMS PKK

    A new study on the PKK released Friday by George Washington (GW) University's Terrorism Studies Program suggests that by admitting Turkey into the Customs Union (CU), the European countries have in fact admitted that the PKK is a terror organization. "To gain access to the EU, Turkey has had to overcome the perception that PKK terrorism, which represents a small minority of extremist individuals, must be treated as a human right issue of the entire Kurdish population of southeast Turkey. Turkey's acceptance into the EU suggests that the reality that PKK terrorism is a part of the larger phenomenon of international terrorism is no longer being challenged" the study said.

    The GW study was conducted under the directorship of Prof.Yonah Alexander. Michael P.Hankard and Saruhan S.Hatipoglu served as Project Coodinators. The work constitutes a preliminary portion of the research material to be integrated into a larger study on Turkey and Terrorism, to be completed in late 1996, according to Prof.Alexander. The 22-page study summarizes the PKK's history, with details on the party's role in international drug trafficking. The support the PKK received from Syria, Libya and Greece in 1995 is also mentioned.

    "During the past three years Turkey was among the 'top five' countries attacked worldwide" GW study said. "Because the PKK threatens the political stability, not only of Turkey, but also of other countries in the Middle East and beyond, the international community seems to play a greater role in dealing with this challenge, joining Turkey in seeking solutions toward the elimination of separatist terrorism in country" the study concluded. /Cumhuriyet/

    [06] BELGIUM GIVES GO-AHEAD FOR EUROPALIA TURKEY

    The Belgian government announced over the weekend that no obstacle remained in the path of Europalia Turkey, a major cultural festival whose preparation was frozen earlier this year. The Belgian official statement, which came after a cabinet meeting, said the Turkish file has seen "important improvements in the last few weeks". The statement said the Turkish programme for the festival was "balanced and extensive". The funds, which had been frozen, will be released immediately. The Europalia Foundation, which was founded on the initiative of the king of Belgium, chooses a country every three to five years, and highlights its culture. The cultural festival is jointly financed by the country in question and Belgian public and private sponsors. /All papers/

    [07] TURKISH CULTURE CENTRE TO BE OPENED IN KAZAKHSTAN

    A Turkish culture centre will be opened in Almati, the capital of Kazakhstan, in May next year. The agreement to open the centre was signed between Vladimir Kutovoy, Kazakh deputy culture minister, and Veli Ekin, a cultural advisor of the Turkish Embassy in Almati. The centre will have a library, reading room, cafeteria and administrative departments. The set-up cost will be $130,000. /All papers/

    [08] WORLD BANK AMENDS LOAN

    The World Bank on Tuesday approved an amendment to the Turkish Earthquake Rehabilition and Reconstrution Project of 1992, a statement from the Bank has said. The Bank said funds worth $33 million will be available to help the Turkish government finance emergency reconstruction of urban infrastructure in the town of Senirkent, damaged by flooding and mud slides in July this year. The Bank is also considering the formulation of a similar reconstruction plan for the city of Dinar, another major earthquake hit. Another amendment is likely to be submitted to the Bank's board when the Turkish government finishes its assessment of the damage. /All papers/

    [09] ASSOCIATION OF TURKISH-FRENCH ENGINEERS CELEBRATES 40TH YEAR

    The Friendship Association of Turkish-French Engineers celebrated its 40th foundation anniversary and set up its new general council. The Association, which consists of Turkish engineers and scientists who speak French, and French engineers who work in Turkey, organizes activities to raise the engineering level in Turkey and promote Turkish and French technologies. Azatcan Iskender was selected association chairman and Kamil Bilgin general secretary at the election of the congress. /Milliyet/

    END

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