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TRKNWS-L Turkish Press Review (March 4, 1996)

From: TRKNWS-L <trh@aimnet.com>

Turkish Press Review Directory

CONTENTS

  • [01] DYP AND ANAP FORM MOTHERPATH

  • [02] PROTOCOL HIGHLIGHTS

  • [03] YILMAZ TO VISIT PARIS

  • [04] KALEMLI TO VISIT GEORGIA

  • [05] US BLAMES GREECE

  • [06] MOVES TOWARDS SECULARISM CELEBRATED

  • [07] TURKEY-ISRAEL AGREEMENT ON THE WAY

  • [08] KALEMLI RECEIVES TURKISH MINORITY REPRESENTATIVES

  • [09] DENKTAS SUFFERS HEART ATTACK

  • [10] BAKI ILKIN, TURKISH AMBASSADOR TO THE HAGUE

  • [11] CEMENT PRODUCTION UP 11.6 %

  • [12] NATIONAL COAL COMPANY REPORTS 32 MILLION TONS LIGNITE OUTPUT IN

  • [13] AMB.ELPELEG: "TURKEY IS NOT OIL-RICH BUT WATER-RICH"


  • TURKISH PRESS REVIEW

    MONDAY MARCH 4, 1996

    Summary of the political and economic news in the Turkish press this morning

    [01] DYP AND ANAP FORM MOTHERPATH

    Caretaker Prime Minister Tansu Ciller and Motherland Party (ANAP) leader Mesut Yilmaz yesterday put their signatures to the protocol setting out the terms of the five-year partnership between the two right-wing parties. The 25-page document, to enter force after approval by the deputies of both parties, will pave the way for the formation of a coalition 68 days after the December 24 poll. The coalition between ANAP and Ciller's True Path Party (DYP) is still 15 seats short of an absolute majority in the 550-strong parliament. But a formal pledge by Democratic Left Party (DSP) Chairman Bulent Ecevit to back the alliance in confidence votes ensures its survival.

    After the signing ceremony, Ciller met with President Suleyman Demirel at the Presidential Palace. It is reported that Ciller furnished information to Demirel regarding the coalition protocol. Yilmaz met with some deputies in his party group and later he also gave information to Parliament Speaker Mustafa Kalemli.

    It is reported that Ciller had a phone conversation with Ecevit. A statement by the Prime Ministerial Press Centre said: "Ciller made a phone conversation with Ecevit following the signing of the coalition protocol. Prime Minister thanked Ecevit for his support in the formation of the DYP-ANAP coalition. Ciller also expressed her thanks for those who contributed to this coalition". /Milliyet-Hurriyet/

    [02] PROTOCOL HIGHLIGHTS

    The coalition will last for five years. A program for structural changes will be prepared and will be implemented according to a timetable. A program for the fight against corruption and transparency in state services will be prepared and implemented. In the first term of the Parliament the speaker will be from ANAP, and the second term from the DYP. The two parties pledge to act together in the election of the president in 1999. In 1996 the prime minister will be from ANAP. In 1997 and 1998 it will be from the DYP, and in the final year the prime minister will be a DYP member whom the two parties will agree upon. The two parties will also set the election date in the year 2000. /Milliyet/

    [03] YILMAZ TO VISIT PARIS

    Motherland Party (ANAP) leader Mesut Yilmaz will go to Paris to attend the European Democrats' Union (EDU) meeting on 12 March as the Turkish Prime Minister after receiving the confidence vote. At the EDU meeting of party leaders, issues such as Europe's reconstruction policy, Europe's security, the Bosnia problem, the EU, WEU and NATO will be taken up. Yilmaz will be re-elected deputy chairman of the EDU. Yilmaz will attend a banquet which French President Jacques Chirac will give in honour of the leaders. Yilmaz will also meet German Prime Minister Helmuth Kohl and British Prime Minister John Major. /Hurriyet/

    [04] KALEMLI TO VISIT GEORGIA

    Parliament Speaker Mustafa Kalemli will fly to Georgia today on his first visit abroad. Kalemli will go to Georgia as an official guest of his Georgian counterpart Zurab Zhvania, with a delegation comprising five deputies from every party in Parliament. Kalemli and the delegation will also visit Georgian President Eduard Shevardnadze, and will present him with a letter from Turkish President Suleyman Demirel. Kalemli will return to Turkey on Tuesday. /All papers/

    [05] US BLAMES GREECE

    According to a new US Defence Department report, Athens is to blame for the continuing dissention between Turkey and Greece. The report blames Athens for always trying to impose its will in the Aegean Sea region, especially in connection with the 12 mile coastal limits issue.

    The report even suggests that there could be a clash between Turkey and Greece over developments in the Black Sea, let alone the Aegean. After making evaluations of the situation, the report recommends bilateral talks to defuse the situation and open the way for new agreement. /All papers/

    [06] MOVES TOWARDS SECULARISM CELEBRATED

    In celebration of initiatives that led to Turkey becoming a secular country, seminars and conferences on the lifting of the Caliphate and its rule in Turkey are being organized. Most of the panel discussions and meetings will examine secularism, secular education and secular government.

    Moves towards secularism in Turkey began especially in March, 1924, when rule by the religious Caliphates was put away for good. Since then Turkey has become the only Moslem country to show that a Moslem country can indeed be both secular and democratic and yet remain faithful to its Moslem belief. /Cumhuriyet/

    [07] TURKEY-ISRAEL AGREEMENT ON THE WAY

    A new free trade agreement between Turkey and Israel will likely be signed between 11-14 March, when President Suleyman Demirel makes an official visit to that country.

    The agreement will secure valuable trade opportunities for Turkey, which will eventually include services and other sectors apart from trade simply in material goods.

    Turkey is also moving towards new trade deals with Hungary and Pakistan that will create new outlets for Turkey's textile industry. Turkey is also holding talks with the European Union (EU) about increasing its textile quotas with non-EU countries, but doing so within the framework of the customs union agreement. /Sabah/

    [08] KALEMLI RECEIVES TURKISH MINORITY REPRESENTATIVES

    Parliament Speaker Mustafa Kalemli received Ahmet Faikoglu, chairman of the Western Thrace Turkish minority's Consultant Board, Mehmet Emin Aga, mufti (Islamic religious leader) of Xhantia, Ibrahim Serif, mufti of Komotini, and members of the consultant board at the Parliament yesterday. Speaking at the ceremony, Kalemli said that Turkey attached great importance to relations with the Turkish minority living in Western Thrace. He noted Turkey's belief that minorities in the two countries could contribute to building confidence and friendship between Turkey and Greece, rather than being the cause of disputes. /Cumhuriyet/

    [09] DENKTAS SUFFERS HEART ATTACK

    President of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) Rauf Denktas was placed under intensive care after suffering a heart attack yesterday. His doctors said the 72-year-old president was in stable condition but that the next 48 hours were of crucial importance to see if he was completely out of danger. /All papers/

    [10] BAKI ILKIN, TURKISH AMBASSADOR TO THE HAGUE

    Special advisor to Foreign Minister Deniz Baykal, Baki Ilkin, has been appointed Turkey's Ambassador to The Hague, replacing Zeki Celikkol. Ilkin is assuming his position immediately. He flew to the Netherlands on Friday evening. A farewell reception was held for him in the Foreign Ministry on Thursday evening. Before serving as special advisor to Turkey's foreign minister, Ilkin was Turkey's ambassador to Copenhagen. /All papers/

    [11] CEMENT PRODUCTION UP 11.6 %

    Total cement output in Turkey rose by 11.6 % from the previous year, reaching 33.14 million metric tons in 1995. Out of this total, 3.2 million tons were exported and total domestic cement consumption last year amounted to 30.9 million tons. Cement output for this year is forecasted to reach as high as 34 million tons. In Turkey there are 48 cement factories active, seven of which are state owned. /All papers/

    [12] NATIONAL COAL COMPANY REPORTS 32 MILLION TONS LIGNITE OUTPUT IN 1995

    Turkey's national coal company TKI has announced that it produced 32 million tons of lignite in 1995. Of that output, the company said, 24 million tons were used as input at thermal power stations run by the national power company TEAS. It said the firm produced a total of 42.5 million metric tons of coal in 1994. Of the total production in 1994, 30 million tons were used in the power plants. The company also said that it planned 1996 coal production at 32 million tons, of which 24 million tons would be utilized in the thermic power plants. /All papers/

    [13] AMB.ELPELEG: "TURKEY IS NOT OIL-RICH BUT WATER-RICH"

    Zvi Elpeleg, Israeli Ambassador to Turkey, said yesterday that Turkey was not oil-rich, but rich in water, soil and skilled labour. In a statement to the Anatolia news agency, Ambassador Elpeleg said that Turkey had the Southeast Anatolia Project (GAP), the Euphrates and the water-rich Manavgat falls. "GAP is really very important. It could alter the structure of the region. Migration could flow from the cities towards the rural areas. It will improve the living standards of the people in the region" Elpeleg said.

    The ambassador said that developing an agricultural irrigation system in the GAP region could help the area become like California. Elpeleg described the province of Gaziantep as the "industrial capital" of the region, saying that it possessed highly developed industry. Pointing out that his country was poor in terms of water and arable land, Elpeleg said: "We have 8,000 square kilometres of arable land. Turkey possesses a rich potential in terms of its arable land. If the agricultural technology used by Israel is utilized in the GAP region, Turkey can obtain five times the agricultural output from the same area". Noting that Syria opposed construction of the Birecik Dam, Elpeleg said that it was very natural for Turkey, which has a growing population, to build dams on its rivers. Elpeleg noted that President Suleyman Demirel's scheduled visit to Israel on March 11 would help to promote economic relations between the two countries.

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