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Turkish Press Review, 01-02-26

Turkish Press Review Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs <http://www.mfa.gov.tr>

<LINK href="http:/_www.byegm.gov.tr_yayinlarimiz_chr_pics_css_tpr.css" rel=STYLESHEET type=text/css> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tr> <td width="20%"><_td> <td width="60%"><map name="FPMap1"> </map></td> <td width="20%"></td> </tr> <_table> &nbsp; <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tr> <td width="20%" valign="top"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tr> <td width="100%"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="10" width="100%"> <tr> <td width="100%" style="border: 1 solid #808080" bgcolor="#FFFFFF">&nbsp;Press &amp; Information</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="100%" style="border: 1 solid #808080">&nbsp;Turkish Press</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="100%" style="border: 1 solid #808080">&nbsp;Foreign Press in&nbsp; Turkey</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="100%" style="border: 1 solid #808080">&nbsp;</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="100%" style="border: 1 solid #808080" bgcolor="#F0F0F0">&nbsp;Turkish Press Review &gt;&gt;</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="100%" style="border: 1 solid #808080">&nbsp;</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="100%" style="border: 1 solid #808080">&nbsp;Press Guide</td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table> <_td> <td width="80%" valign="top" style="border: 0 solid #808080" bgcolor="#FFFFFF"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="10" width="100%"> <tr> <td width="100%" style="border: 1 solid #808080"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="5" width="100%"> <tr> <td width="100%"> Summary of the political and economic news in the Turkish press this morning&nbsp;</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="100%">26.02.2001</td> </tr> </table> </td> <_tr> <tr> <td width="100%"> &nbsp;CONTENTS <ul>

CONTENTS

  • [01] CONSTITUTIONAL COURT ANNULS PART OF SOCIAL SECURITY LAW
  • [02] GOVERNMENT TO BUILD NEW STRATEGY ON INFLATION TARGETING
  • [03] BULGARIANS OF TURKISH ORIGIN BEGAN TO RETURN BULGARIA
  • [04] MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE GOKALP'S STATEMENT ON POULTRY
  • [05] SPI PROJECTS IN EAST AND SOUTHEASTERN ANATOLIAN REGIONS
  • [06] FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS
  • [07] PRESIDENT SEZER RETURNS FROM THE CAIRO SUMMIT
  • [08] MGK CONVENES TODAY
  • [09] CONSTITUTIONAL COURT ANNULS PART OF SOCIAL SECURITY LAW
  • [10] PKK TERRORISTS' SEARCH FOR TACTICS
  • [11] GOVERNMENT TO BUILD NEW STRATEGY ON INFLATION TARGETING
  • [12] SPEAKER OF TRNC PARLIAMENT IN ANKARA
  • [13] TOSKAY'S STATEMENT
  • [14] BULGARIANS OF TURKISH ORIGIN BEGAN TO RETURN BULGARIA
  • [15] NO TURKISH THREAT IN NEW GREEK MILITARY DOCTRINE
  • [16] MARKETS TO BE RELIEVED
  • [17] IMF LOAN TO TURKEY
  • [18] ARMENIA SIGNALS SOFTENING TO CEM'S CALL
  • [19] KURE COPPER FACILITIES' INITIATIVE
  • [20] AIRPORTS PREPARING FOR TOURISM
  • [21] WORLD DISCOVERS TURKISH FASHION
  • [22] MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE GOKALP'S STATEMENT ON POULTRY
  • [23] SPI PROJECTS IN EAST AND SOUTHEASTERN ANATOLIAN REGIONS
  • [24] TURKISH CITIZENS A POWER IN GERMANY
  • [25] EXPERTS IN ARMENIAN LANGUAGE AND HISTORY
  • [26] INTERNATIONAL PHILOSOPHY OLYMPICS
  • [27] TURKEY, GERMANY'S BEST CUSTOMER
  • [28] FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS
  • [29] FLOATING ECONOMY BY YILMAZ OZTUNA (TURKIYE)

  • [01] CONSTITUTIONAL COURT ANNULS PART OF SOCIAL SECURITY LAW

    [02] GOVERNMENT TO BUILD NEW STRATEGY ON INFLATION TARGETING

    [03] BULGARIANS OF TURKISH ORIGIN BEGAN TO RETURN BULGARIA

    BAL: &quot;FOREIGN CAPITAL PROMOTED THE CRISES&quot; FORMER PRESIDENT DEMIREL : &quot;TURKEY WILL OVERCOME THE CRISIS&quot;

    [04] MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE GOKALP'S STATEMENT ON POULTRY

    [05] SPI PROJECTS IN EAST AND SOUTHEASTERN ANATOLIAN REGIONS

    OGER: &quot;WE SUGGEST EVERYBODY INVEST IN TOURISM&quot;

    [06] FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS

    &nbsp;

    &nbsp;

    [07] PRESIDENT SEZER RETURNS FROM THE CAIRO SUMMIT

    President Ahmet Necdet Sezer, attending the D-8 Summit in Cairo, returned home yesterday. During his speech at the Summit President Sezer stated that poverty was a global problem and the fight against it passed through openness in the administration of economy. President Sezer also pointed out that notwithstanding the importance of the economic and social problem, developing countries will ensure the elimination of basic issues in the fight against poverty if they attach the necessary importance to openness and participatory democracy in the administration of economy. During his visit to Cairo President Sezer met with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. /Milliyet/

    [08] MGK CONVENES TODAY

    The issues that were not discussed due to last week's disagreement between President Ahmet Necdet Sezer and Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit will be discussed during today's National Security Council (MGK) meeting. During this meeting, many issues, including the National Program, the US and British air attacks against Iraq, Kurdish television broadcasting and education, and new developments in the operations against organized crime will be discussed. The coalition partners do not plan to bring the economic crisis to the agenda of the MGK meeting. However, government representatives stated that if Sezer or the military wing mentions the issue, then members of the Council will be briefed about decisions taken at the economic Summits. /Aksam/ BAHCELI: &quot;POLITICAL CRISIS PREVENTED&quot; Nationalist Action Party (MHP) leader and the Deputy Prime Minister Bahceli held a meeting with his aides after the Leaders Summit and said, &quot;The political will is an entity. It would not be right to accuse only one party of the economic crisis. The stability program will be revised, and the 57th government will support this program. A new bureaucratic staff, in compliance with the new program will be appointed. The free foreign exchange rate which would have been implemented in June 2001, were enforced sooner, and the targets will be revised after meetings with the officials from the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF). In this way we will continue to follow the economic program. It is wrong to establish a relationship between President Ahmet Necdet Sezer and the Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit's disagreement and the economic crisis.&quot; /Aksam/

    [09] CONSTITUTIONAL COURT ANNULS PART OF SOCIAL SECURITY LAW

    The Constitutional Court has annuled articles in the social Security law number 4447 which envisaged a stage by stage retirement for people currently employed. Hasim Kilic of the Constitutional Court briefed journalists on the outcome of the case filed by the Virtue Party (FP) to have a total of 34 articles in the social Security Law number 4447 annulled. &quot;You all know the age limits set in the Social Security Law, the Pension Fund Law and the Self-Employed Agricultural Workers Law. The new law upped the retirement age for men to 60 and for women to 58. However, the provisional articles in this new law also made certain provisions for all those still employed on the date the law went into effect. These provisions were deemed unconstitutional and annulled.&quot; /Turkish Daily News/

    [10] PKK TERRORISTS' SEARCH FOR TACTICS

    In spite of a statement by the head of the PKK terrorist organization, Abdullah Ocalan; saying, 'The PKK members should leave Turkey borders and continue their activities in the political arena', it was stated that the militants were continuing to be trained in the camps in Northern Iraq and Iran. Information uncovered by the intelligence units show that the PKK was still an active threat to Turkey. The security units revealed that the PKK was regrouping and continuing to organize. /Aksam/

    [11] GOVERNMENT TO BUILD NEW STRATEGY ON INFLATION TARGETING

    Deputy Prime Minister and State Minister Mesut Yilmaz said inflation target would be the one and only parameter of the economic program. &quot;All variables will be adjusted according to the inflation target,&quot; Yilmaz told reporters yesterday. Yilmaz said the move has allowed exchange rates to be naturally determined in free market conditions, as interest rates already are. This was the original objective of the economic program. He added, &quot;However, we were forced to bring forth this practice due to the poor performance of current accounts in 2000, a current account and deficit that had gone far beyond the target, and because the Turkish economy is extremely sensitive to the slightest political crises. From now on the sole parameter of the economic program is the inflation target. The exchange rate peg is no more a parameter,&quot; Yilmaz said. /Turkish Daily News/

    [12] SPEAKER OF TRNC PARLIAMENT IN ANKARA

    Parliamentary Speaker of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC), Ertugrul Hasipoglu, accompanied by a delegation, arrived in Ankara on Sunday for meetings with Turkish officials. Speaking before his departure, Hasipoglu said he was going to Ankara at the invitation of Turkish Parliamentary Speaker, Omer Izgi. He will meet Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit and other ministers and will be received by President Sezer. In related news, it has been reported that Greece's Foreign Minister George Papandreou will pay a three-day oficial visit to the Greek-Cypriot Administration on March 11. According to the news published in Greek newspapers, Papandreou will discuss bilateral issues and Greek-Cypriot's EU membership process. /Turkish Daily News/

    [13] TOSKAY'S STATEMENT

    State Minister Tunca Toskay attended a meeting on 'Crisis in the Construction Sector' in Abant and stated, &quot;The industrial sector is experiencing hard times due to the high interest rates and there is a difficulty of financing in the banking sector. Thus, the industrial sector should be relieved. The fluctuation in the foreign exchanges will continue until the macro balances are settled. This may go on for one month. 850,000 TL per dollar is a reasonable amount.&quot; Meanwhile, Toskay pointed out that the Turkish contruction sector, which is one of the top ten in the world, should be supported, especially in foreign countries. /Aksam/

    [14] BULGARIANS OF TURKISH ORIGIN BEGAN TO RETURN BULGARIA

    The EU abolished the visa requirement for Bulgarian citizens beginning May 1. Bulgarians of Turkish-origin living currently in Turkey are returning Bulgaria. They have applied to the Ministry of Interior. Thus far 1,500 people have returned. /Milliyet/

    [15] NO TURKISH THREAT IN NEW GREEK MILITARY DOCTRINE

    Until today Greece has regarded Turkey as the primary military threat. The new military doctrine proposes a renewal of the army. The doctrine approved by the Office of Chief of Staff, does not name Turkey as a threat, but uses a general expression instead. It says, &quot;Our military doctrine is based on defense. Its aim is to remove all kinds of threat aimed at Greece and Cyprus and also to ease tensions.&quot; /Milliyet/

    [16] MARKETS TO BE RELIEVED

    The decisions taken during the Banking Summit on Saturday will be implemented this morning. The markets are expected to be relieved by the following decisions: The Central Bank will give banks TL and foreign exchange when required, they will try to keep the dolar exchange rate at 800-850 thousand TL, banks will determine the rates for buying and selling foreign currency, and in case of a liquidity shortage, the Central Bank, will not refrain from printing money. /Hurriyet/

    [17] IMF LOAN TO TURKEY

    The goverment's decision to adopt floating exchange rate system will lead to radical revisions in the IMF stand-by agreement and letters of intent. Also banking and fiscal reforms will be implemented in a shorter time. The IMF and World Bank banking specialists began negotiations in Ankara yesterday. The $780 million World Bank reform loan, issued to expedite the restructuring of state-owned banks, will be tripled to $2 billion. Moreover, the Central Bank will suggest that the IMF Managing Board issue a new loan in the amount of the previous reserve facility loan to alleviate the liquidity requirements of banks. By enacting of the law on the Electricity market, around $2-2,5 billion will be obtained through the sale of licenses. /Milliyet/ BAL: &quot;FOREIGN CAPITAL PROMOTED THE CRISES&quot; State Minister Faruk Bal claimed that foreign capital was instrumental in the recent crises. Speaking at a meeting, &quot;Crisis in the Construction Sector&quot;, organized by the Tourism, Economics, Sciencitific Research and Promotion Center, Minister Bal said an amendment had been also made in the Constitution to increase the flow of foreign capital into Turkey. He added, &quot;However, foreign capital was the main factor in both for the November and recent crises.&quot; Mr. Bal emphasized the government would continue to fight against inflation. /Hurriyet/ FORMER PRESIDENT DEMIREL : &quot;TURKEY WILL OVERCOME THE CRISIS&quot; The Koc Group celebrated the 75th anniversary of its founding with the participation of former President Suleyman Demirel. Delivering the opening speech at the ceremony, Chairman of the Koc Group, Rahmi Koc said Koc Group was an institution which makes all the necessary sacrifices to Turkey. Former President Suleyman Demirel stated Koc Group has always been engaged in beneficial activities for Turkey. Mentioning the recent crisis, Demirel said, &quot;Turkey will absolutely overcome the crisis.&quot; /Cumhuriyet/

    [18] ARMENIA SIGNALS SOFTENING TO CEM'S CALL

    Armenian Foreign Ministry Vartan Oskanyan said Saturday that his country was evaluating the call by Turkish Foreign Minister Ismail Cem for a trilateral summit between Turkey, Azerbaijan and Armenia to find a solution to their territorial dispute in Nagorno-Karabakh. Earlier, the Armenian Foreign Ministry had said as Armenia had diplomatic relations with Turkey, Ankara's mediation in the Azeri-Armenian dispute was unwelcome. /Turkish Daily News/

    [19] KURE COPPER FACILITIES' INITIATIVE

    It was decided that the Kure Copper Facilities would also be included in the bidding for the sale of the Karadeniz Copper Facilities (KBI), which was taken into the privatization process. The decision aims to promote the sale of KBI and to faciliate its sale. The sale of KBI will be made by the block sale system during the second half of the year. /Aksam/

    [20] AIRPORTS PREPARING FOR TOURISM

    As part of the investments to increase tourism revenues, (which contribute a great deal to the Turkish economy), work to modernize present airports and increase flight security was accelerated. Nearly one billion US dollars will be spent on modernizing and increasing the capacity of the airports, as a part of the improvement program by the State Airports Management. In addition, 500 million US dollars will be spent on projects to increase flight security. /Aksam/ &quot;GODS' THRONE&quot; COMPLETED The documentary titled &quot;Nimrod Mountain: Gods' Throne&quot;, a narrative of the Kommagene civilization and Nimrod Mountain with a rather different perspective, has been completed. The movie was shot by Tolga Ornek and Ekip Film. Aimed at promoting Turkish historical heritage and catching up with the international filmmaking standards, the movie included interviews with foreign and Turkish experts, dramatic scenes and 3-D animations. The project was sponsored by the Istanbul Stock Exchange. Turkey Is Bank and Calik Holding. Director Ornek said his aim was to promote Nimrot as the 8th wonder of the world. /Cumhuriyet/

    [21] WORLD DISCOVERS TURKISH FASHION

    The fashion magazine titled, &quot;Fashions of the Times&quot; published by the one of the most prominent American newspapers, the New York Times, gave wide coverage to the Turkish fashion designers. Examples from Turkish fashion are included in the magazine with snapshots from Istanbul. A Turkish bath in Taksim, Pera Palas Hotel, Harem Room at Topkapi Palace and certain private residences were used as backgrounds in the shots. A prominent figure, Diane von Furstenberg said her favorite city was Istanbul and added, &quot;In Istanbul you feel like you are in Hollywood. Some parts of Istanbul resemble Paris, some London, New York, Rome and some Cairo.&quot; Meanwhile fashion designer Oscar de la Renta said he was deeply impressed by Gustave Flaubert, Lord Byron and Lady Stanhope's writing on Istanbul and added, &quot;I suggest you to visit Istanbul and get lost in Halic (Golden Horn). You would discover many new things.&quot; /Cumhuriyet/

    [22] MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE GOKALP'S STATEMENT ON POULTRY

    Minister of Agriculture, Husnu Yusuf Gokalp said all necessary measures were being taken to help the poultry sector overcome the crisis. Stating the export taxes on products used in fodder production were dramatically decreased, Gokalp said, preparations to increase subsidies for the sector are almost completed. /Star/

    [23] SPI PROJECTS IN EAST AND SOUTHEASTERN ANATOLIAN REGIONS

    State Planning Institution (SPI) projects will be given priority in the East and South Eastern Anatolian Regions. A new commission was established to develop financial resources from the budget. The commission will hold its initial meeting March 2, 2001. /Star/

    [24] TURKISH CITIZENS A POWER IN GERMANY

    Prof. Faruk Sen, Chairman of the Turkey Research Center, said 620 thousand of Turks living in Germany will receive German citizenship by the end of this year. He claimed the Turkish population will have a large voting potential in the general elections to be held in this fall in Germany. Noting that the Turkish population in Germany is 2.5 million today, Prof. Sen said that 590 thousand of Germans of Turkish origin will have the right to vote in the upcoming elections. /Turkiye/

    [25] EXPERTS IN ARMENIAN LANGUAGE AND HISTORY

    Following the adoption of the Armenian bill in the French National Assembly and similar attemps in various other countries, the Higher Education Council (YOK) decided to train experts in &quot;Armenian Language and History&quot; as well as &quot;Greek Language and History&quot;. Students will be sent abroad and will also study the Armenian and Greek allegations. /Hurriyet/

    [26] INTERNATIONAL PHILOSOPHY OLYMPICS

    The Turkish Philosophy Institution held an exam to select the students to participate in the International Philosophy Olympics. 432 students took the exam. It was stated students the first and second place would travel to Philadelphia, the US, to represent Turkey in the 9th International Philosophy Olympics. /Cumhuriyet/

    [27] TURKEY, GERMANY'S BEST CUSTOMER

    According to the recent report by the German government titled &quot;Weapon Exports Report&quot;, Turkey is the best customer for the German arms market in the international arena. The report states that Turkey purchased weapons amounting to one billion 900 million dollars from Germany in 1999. /Cumhuriyet/ OGER: &quot;WE SUGGEST EVERYBODY INVEST IN TOURISM&quot; Stating tourism would help Turkey overcome the recent economic crisis, Chairman of Oger Tour's Executive Council, Vural Oger said, &quot;We suggest that everbody invest in Turkey. Every hotel increases the rate of employment like a factory and brings foreign exchange into the country. The tourism sector also revives other sectors.&quot; Stating that most of the European countries, including Italy, Spain and Greece, have undergone similar crises, Oger said, &quot;There is no need to be pessimistic. The economies of Spain, Italy and even Greece overcame their crises by investing in their tourism industry. Our potential is even greater than those countries. Therefore, as a person engaged in tourism, I am very hopeful. I consider this period a transition period. This summer Turkish economy will absolutely improve.&quot; Stating that 12 million tourists are expected to visit Turkey, Oger said, &quot;Turkey's solution is dependent on tourism.&quot; /Cumhuriyet/

    [28] FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS

    &nbsp;

    [29] FLOATING ECONOMY BY YILMAZ OZTUNA (TURKIYE)

    Columnist Yilmaz Oztuna writes on the recent economic crisis. A summary of his column is as follows: &quot;We are going through such a financial crisis that it has stricken many developing countries from Taiwan to Brazil. The crisis stemmed from a lack of reforms and exploded with the unseemly argument in a meeting at the Cankaya Presidential Palace. It would have exploded anyway, as the modernization reforms in Turkey have never been completed in 200 years. The necessary radical and speedy reforms were obstructed in one way or the other as there was never any intent on carrying them out. This time the insistence on keeping the US dollar under its real value and the inability to limit the interest rates were the reasons for the crisis. This time the responsibility for the crisis belongs not only to the Government, but also to the IMF. In fact, the IMF was chided by Washington. The necessity of a reshuffling in the Government was mentioned many times by journalists. Economy had to be put under the responsibility of just one deputy Prime Minister. Decisions which should have been made in a minute were delayed for days. There are ministers who do not believe in, and in fact oppose privatization. Some of the ministers were randomly chosen and lack political and professional experience and even were incompetent. There are those about whom there are rumors circulating. However, the three coalition leaders did not change any of their ministers. They took the responsibility of the unsuccessful ministers on themselves. Maybe they were afraid of a fiasco similar to the one in Cankaya. However, it does not seem possible for the Government to take a free breath without a revision in the cabinet. I believe they will carry out a sudden revision. The responsibility of the unsuccessful bureaucrats in directing the economy is apparent. Per capita income dropped from 3,000 US dollars to 2,000 US dollars, and the Gross National Product from over 200 billion US dollars to over 100 billion US dollars. President Bush quickly announced he was standing by Prime Minister Ecevit. Turkish nation has gone through good and bad days. We have experienced the worst and certainly we shall overcome this crisis as well. It is possible to get past this crisis in a short time, however for this to occur, radical changes are necessary which frighten our conservative politicians and rulers.&quot; <_ul>

    &nbsp; <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tr> <td width="100%">

    <dl> <dt>FORMER ISSUES</dt> </dl> </td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> <_table>


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