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Voice of America Digest, 6 October 1995

From: yanni@ix.netcom.com (Ioannis Bousnakis)

Voice of America Directory

CONTENTS

  • [01] !!! VOA DIGEST - OCTOBER 6, 1995


  • [01] !!! VOA DIGEST - OCTOBER 6, 1995

    DATE=10/6/95
    TYPE=ADVISORY
    CONTENT=

    VOA DIGEST - 10/6/95

    THE FOLLOWING IS A SYNOPSIS OF SIGNIFICANT REPORTING BY THE VOICE OF AMERICA THAT HAD BEEN BROADCAST OR FIRMLY SCHEDULED AT THE TIME OF PUBLICATION. THIS SELECTION IS NOT INTENDED TO BE EXHAUSTIVE, AND DOES NOT INCLUDE LATE-BREAKING NEWS OR THE MANY REPORTS IN ALL VOA LANGUAGES THAT ARE BASED ON COMMERCIAL WIRE SERVICES OR OTHER SECONDARY SOURCES. WE REGRET THAT WE CANNOT RESPOND TO REQUESTS FOR TRANSCRIPTS OF SPECIFIC BROADCASTS OR PROGRAM SEGMENTS. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT VOA, OFFICE OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS. TELEPHONE: +1-202-619-2538. ELECTRONIC MAIL: LETTERS@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE FROM OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES); LETTERS-USA@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE WITHIN THE UNITED STATES).

    REPORTS BY VOA CENTRAL NEWS SERVICE:

    US / CUBA -- PRESIDENT CLINTON SAYS HE IS TIGHTENING THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE 34-YEAR-OLD ECONOMIC EMBARGO ON CUBA BUT AT THE SAME TIME RELAXING SOME RESTRICTIONS THAT WOULD EASE TRAVEL AND THE EXCHANGE OF MONEY AND INFORMATION BETWEEN CUBANS AND AMERICANS. WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT DAVID BORGIDA REPORTS. (10/6)

    CLINTON / BOSNIA -- PRESIDENT CLINTON IS PLEDGING HIS CONTINUED HELP IN THE SEARCH FOR A LASTING PEACE AGREEMENT IN BOSNIA. AND HE IS UNDERSCORING THE NEED FOR THE UNITED STATES TO CONTRIBUTE TROOPS TO A NATO-LED FORCE THAT WOULD ENFORCE ANY PEACE AGREEMENT. WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT DAVID BORGIDA HAS THE DETAILS. (10/6)

    BOSNIA / CEASE-FIRE -- CROATIAN ARMY TROOPS HAVE ENTERED BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA IN ADVANCE OF THE NEW CEASE-FIRE THAT IS TO TAKE EFFECT THERE NEXT TUESDAY. THE CROATIANS ARE BELIEVED TO HAVE BEEN DEPLOYED TO DISCOURAGE POSSIBLE LAST-MINUTE SERB ATTEMPTS TO RECAPTURE TERRITORY RECENTLY TAKEN BY MUSLIM AND CROAT FORCES. CORRESPONDENT WAYNE COREY REPORTS FROM ZAGREB. (10/6)

    BOSNIA / FRANCE -- FRANCE HAS WELCOMED PRESIDENT CLINTON'S ANNOUNCEMENT THAT PARIS WILL BE THE HOST FOR THE BOSNIAN PEACE CONFERENCE. THE DECISION IS SEEN AS A GESTURE OF APPRECIATION FOR FRANCE'S ROLE IN PEACEKEEPING FORCES IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. STRINGER JULIAN NUNDY REPORTS FROM PARIS. (10/6)

    CLINTON / CUBA / BOSNIA -- PRESIDENT CLINTON DELIVERS A FOREIGN POLICY SPEECH IN WASHINGTON FRIDAY WHEN HE IS TO ANNOUNCE A SERIES OF STEPS OPENING THE LINES OF COMMUNICATION WITH THE CUBAN PEOPLE. ADMINISTRATION OFFICIALS SAY THE MEASURES ARE AIMED AT, AS THEY PUT IT, STRENGTHENING THE FORCES THAT WILL LEAD THE PEACEFUL TRANSITION TO A STABLE DEMOCRACY IN CUBA. WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE HAS MORE ON WHAT MR. CLINTON IS EXPECTED TO SAY IN HIS SPEECH, TO BE DELIVERED TO A CONFERENCE SPONSORED BY FREEDOM HOUSE, A HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATION IN WASHINGTON. (10/5)

    NATO / BOSNIA -- A SENIOR US OFFICIAL SAYS NATO HAS TO MOVE QUICKLY TO FINISH A PEACEKEEPING PLAN FOR BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA, NOW THAT THE FACTIONS HAVE AGREED TO A CEASE-FIRE AND NEW NEGOTIATIONS. ALLIED DEFENSE MINISTERS ARE DISCUSSING THE PLAN AT A MEETING IN WILLIAMSBURG, VIRGINIA. CORRESPONDENT DAVID SWAN HAS DETAILS. (10/5)

    POPE / MASS -- POPE JOHN PAUL CELEBRATED MASS FRIDAY BEFORE TENS OF THOUSANDS OF ROMAN CATHOLICS IN NEW YORK CITY. THE WORSHIPERS GATHERED AT A RACETRACK TO TAKE PART IN THE RELIGIOUS SERVICE. CORRESPONDENT CHRIS SIMKINS REPORTS. (10/6)

    POPE / NEW JERSEY -- TENS OF THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE IN NEW JERSEY BRAVED A RAIN STORM THURSDAY TO CELEBRATE MASS WITH POPE JOHN PAUL AT A LARGE SPORTS STADIUM. CORRESPONDENT CHRIS SIMKINS REPORTS. (10/6)

    ISRAEL / PARLIAMENT -- ISRAEL'S PARLIAMENT HAS NARROWLY APPROVED THE INTERIM PEACE AGREEMENT WITH THE PALESTINIANS AFTER A NEARLY ALL-NIGHT DEBATE. CORRESPONDENT AL PESSIN REPORTS FROM JERUSALEM. (10/6)

    ISRAEL / PALESTINIANS -- ISRAEL'S PRESIDENT HAS BLOCKED THE RELEASE OF TWO PALESTINIAN PRISONERS WHO WERE SCHEDULED TO GO FREE AS PART OF THE PEACE AGREEMENT THAT WAS APPROVED BY ISRAEL'S PARLIAMENT FRIDAY MORNING. AT THE SAME TIME, THE LARGEST MILITANT PALESTINIAN GROUP, HAMAS, COULD BE CLOSE TO AGREEING TO LIMIT ITS ATTACKS AND PARTICIPATE IN PALESTINIAN ELECTIONS. CORRESPONDENT AL PESSIN REPORTS FROM JERUSALEM. (10/6)

    ISRAEL / SYRIA -- SECRETARY OF STATE WARREN CHRISTOPHER HAS MET WITH SYRIAN FOREIGN MINISTER FAROUK AL-SHARA AT THE STATE DEPARTMENT TO TRY TO BREAK THE DEADLOCK IN SECURITY TALKS WITH ISRAEL. CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM THE STATE DEPARTMENT, ISRAEL AND SYRIA CONTINUE TO DISAGREE ABOUT EARLY WARNING SYSTEMS ON THE GOLAN HEIGHTS. (10/6)

    ISRAEL / SYRIA -- SECRETARY OF STATE WARREN CHRISTOPHER MET WITH SYRIAN FOREIGN MINISTER FAROUK AL-SHARA AT THE STATE DEPARTMENT TO TRY TO BREAK THE DEADLOCK IN SECURITY TALKS WITH ISRAEL. CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS THAT ISRAEL AND SYRIA CONTINUE TO DISAGREE ABOUT EARLY WARNING SYSTEMS ON THE GOLAN HEIGHTS. (10/5)

    RUSSIA / CHECHNYA -- THE COMMANDER OF RUSSIAN FORCES IN CHECHNYA HAS SURVIVED AN ASSASSINATION ATTEMPT IN THE CAPITAL, GROZNY. CORRESPONDENT PETER COLLINS REPORTS FROM MOSCOW THIS IS THE SECOND MAJOR ATTACK ON A SENIOR RUSSIAN OFFICIAL IN THREE WEEKS. (10/6)

    CHINA / ANTICORRUPTION CONFERENCE -- IN BEIJING, 800 DELEGATES FROM 90 COUNTRIES BEGAN A FIVE DAY ANTICORRUPTION CONFERENCE TODAY. IN HIS WELCOMING SPEECH, CHINA'S PRESIDENT JIANG ZEMIN CALLED CORRUPTION A DISEASE ON THE BODY OF SOCIETY. CORRESPONDENT GIL BUTLER REPORTS FROM BEIJING. (10/6)

    HONG KONG / CHINA PIRACY -- A SENIOR US TRADE OFFICIAL SAYS CHINA IS STILL NOT DOING ALL IT CAN TO PROTECT INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS, PARTICULARLY IN DEALING WITH THE PIRACY OF COMPACT DISCS AND COMPUTER SOFTWARE. FROM HONG KONG, CORRESPONDENT MAX RUSTON REPORTS THE OFFICIAL SAYS THE BIGGEST PROBLEM IS GETTING CHINA TO ENFORCE NEW LAWS AND REGULATIONS IT HAS ALREADY AGREED TO IN TALKS WITH THE UNITED STATES. (10/6)

    CHINA / FILM FESTIVAL -- ONE OF THE MOST WELL-KNOWN US FILM FESTIVALS HAS COME TO CHINA FOR THE FIRST-EVER JOINT SCREENINGS OF CHINESE AND AMERICAN INDEPENDENT FILMS. CORRESPONDENT STEPHANIE HO REPORTS ORGANIZERS OF THE SUNDANCE FILM FESTIVAL, WHICH WAS FOUNDED BY FILM STAR AND DIRECTOR ROBERT REDFORD IN 1981, SAY THE PROGRAM IS AIMED AT ALLOWING FILMMAKERS FROM BOTH COUNTRIES TO MEET AND EXCHANGE IDEAS ABOUT THE COMMON DIFFICULTIES OF MAKING INDEPENDENT MOVIES. (10/6)

    VIETNAM / US TRADE -- THE UNITED STATES TOLD VIETNAM THAT HANOI MUST UNDERTAKE FURTHER ECONOMIC REFORMS IF TRADE RELATIONS ARE TO REACH THEIR FULL POTENTIAL. AS CORRESPONDENT DAN ROBINSON REPORTS, OFFICIAL VIETNAMESE MEDIA TONED DOWN REPORTS ABOUT WHAT TWO SENIOR OFFICIALS WERE TOLD IN MEETINGS IN WASHINGTON. (10/6)

    ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK -- A TOP AMERICAN EXECUTIVE AT THE ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK SAYS US COMPANIES ARE LOSING BUSINESS BECAUSE THE UNITED STATES HAS NOT PAID ALL IT OWES TO THE LENDING INSTITUTION. CORRESPONDENT DAVID DYAR HAS A REPORT ON THE OFFICIAL'S COMMENTS IN WASHINGTON. (10/6)

    INDIA / ENRON -- INDIA'S WESTERN MAHARASHTRA STATE IS RENEGOTIATING A NEARLY THREE BILLION DOLLAR US-BUILT POWER PROJECT THAT IT ABANDONED TWO MONTHS AGO. STAFFER ANJANA PASRICHA REPORTS FROM NEW DELHI BUREAU, THIS RENEWED INTEREST INDICATES THAT INDIA'S LARGEST FOREIGN INVESTMENT PROJECT COULD BE SALVAGED. (10/6)

    INDIA / FERTILITY DECLINE -- INDIA IS EXPERIENCING A DRAMATIC DECLINE IN BIRTH RATES, ACCORDING TO A WASHINGTON POPULATION RESEARCH ORGANIZATION. SCIENCE CORRESPONDENT DAVID MCALARY REPORTS THE NEWS COMES FROM THE COUNTRY THAT ADDS MORE PEOPLE TO THE WORLD THAN ANY OTHER. (10/6)

    TURKEY / POLITICS -- TURKISH PRIME MINISTER TANSU CILLER IS FACING OPPOSITION FROM MEMBERS OF HER CONSERVATIVE TRUE PATH PARTY AFTER ANNOUNCING A MINORITY GOVERNMENT APPROVED BY PRESIDENT SULEYMAN DEMIREL LATE THURSDAY NIGHT. STRINGER AMBERIN ZAMAN REPORTS FROM ANKARA. (10/6)

    RWANDA / MOI -- A TOP UN LEGAL EXPERT SAYS THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY COULD IMPOSE PUNITIVE SANCTIONS AGAINST KENYA IF, AS PRESIDENT DANIEL ARAP MOI HAS INDICATED, KENYA REFUSES TO COOPERATE WITH THE TRIBUNAL PROSECUTING RWANDAN GENOCIDE SUSPECTS. EAST AFRICA CORRESPONDENT ALEX BELIDA REPORTS FROM NAIROBI. (10/6)

    KENYA / CORRUPTION -- THE LONG-AWAITED ANNUAL REPORT OF KENYA'S AUDITOR-GENERAL HAS FINALLY BEEN RELEASED AND IT REVEALS A MASSIVE AND MYSTERIOUS SERIES OF IRREGULAR AND UNDOCUMENTED PAYMENTS BY THE COUNTRY'S CENTRAL BANK. CORRESPONDENT ALEX BELIDA SAYS THE NEW REVELATION IS LIKELY TO TRIGGER RENEWED CRITICISM OF THE KENYAN GOVERNMENT BY INTERNATIONAL DONORS. (10/6)

    KWAZULU VIOLENCE -- SOUTH AFRICA'S VOLATILE KWAZULU/NATAL PROVINCE HAS APPROVED A NEW LAW AIMED AT STABILIZING THE SITUATION IN THE REGION, WHERE AN AVERAGE OF 15 PEOPLE ARE KILLED EACH DAY, MOSTLY IN POLITICAL VIOLENCE. CORRESPONDENT MALLORY SALESON HAS JUST VISITED THE REGION AND REPORTS IT WILL TAKE POLITICAL WILL FROM ALL SIDES TO MAKE IT WORK. (10/6)

    GUATEMALA / MASSACRE -- AT LEAST EIGHT PEOPLE HAVE BEEN KILLED AND MORE THAN A DOZEN WOUNDED IN GUATEMALA DURING AN ATTACK BY UNKNOWN GUNMEN IN A REMOTE AREA OF THE COUNTRY. CORRESPONDENT BILL RODGERS REPORTS. (10/6)

    UN / GUATAMALA -- UN OFFICIALS SAY AT LEAST 10 GUATEMALAN VILLAGERS WERE KILLED AND 18 OTHERS WOUNDED APPARENTLY BY GUATEMALAN ARMY TROOPS IN A REMOTE NORTHERN VILLAGE THURSDAY. AS WE HEAR FROM CORRESPONDENT DOUGLAS ROBERTS, THE GENEVA-BASED UN HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES SAYS IT FEARS THE INCIDENT COULD HAMPER THE REPATRIATION OF GUATEMALAN REFUGEES FROM NEIGHBORING MEXICO. (10/6)

    GUATEMALA / CENTAM MEET -- GUATEMALA'S PRESIDENT SAYS HE HOPES TO SIGN A PEACE AGREEMENT WITH LEFTIST REBELS IN HIS COUNTRY BEFORE HIS TERM ENDS NEXT JANUARY. THE GUATEMALAN LEADER MADE THE COMMENT IN EL SALVADOR THURSDAY WHILE ATTENDING A CENTRAL AMERICAN SUMMIT CONFERENCE. CORRESPONDENT BILL RODGERS REPORTS. (10/5)

    US / COLOMBIA / DISCORD -- THE UNITED STATES IS CALLING ON THE COLOMBIAN GOVERNMENT TO INVESTIGATE AN APPARENT ILLEGAL RECORDING OF THE US EMBASSY IN BOGOTA. CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM THE STATE DEPARTMENT ON THE CONTINUING STRAINS IN RELATIONS BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND THE COLOMBIAN GOVERNMENT. (10/5)

    COLUMBIA DELAYED -- AT THE KENNEDY SPACE CENTER NASA TECHNICIANS ARE PERFORMING TESTS ON THE SPACE SHUTTLE COLUMBIA, AFTER A 24-HOUR DELAY OF A LAUNCH WAS ANNOUNCED EARLY FRIDAY. CORRESPONDENT JIM TEEPLE IS FOLLOWING THE STORY AND REPORTS THE TECHNICIANS ARE TRYING TO DETERMINE IF AIR POCKETS HAVE DEVELOPED IN THE SHUTTLE'S HYDRAULIC SYSTEM . (10/6)

    US / EMPLOYMENT -- THE US UNEMPLOYMENT RATE HELD STEADY AT FIVE-POINT-SIX PERCENT IN SEPTEMBER, AS THE NUMBER OF NON-FARM PAYROLL JOBS GREW BY 121-THOUSAND LAST MONTH. CORRESPONDENT JILL GATHMANN REPORTS THE SEPTEMBER JOB FIGURES SUGGEST THE US ECONOMY IS GROWING AT A MODERATE PACE WITHOUT THE RISK OF INFLATION. (10/6)

    MALAWI / COMPLAINTS -- MALAWI COMPLAINED TO THE UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY THURSDAY THAT INTEREST IN ITS WELFARE HAS DECLINED SHARPLY SINCE THE COUNTRY DECIDED TO ADOPT DEMOCRACY. HOURS EARLIER, POPE JOHN PAUL ADDRESSED THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY SESSION IN NEW YORK AND APPEALED TO RICH NATIONS TO BE MORE GENEROUS TOWARD THE WORLD'S POOREST. CORRESPONDENT ELAINE JOHANSON REPORTS. (10/5)

    DETROIT NEWSPAPER STRIKE -- A TRUCE MAY BE CALLED IN THE BITTER TRADE UNION STRIKE AGAINST THE TWO MAJOR DAILY NEWSPAPERS IN THE MIDWEST CITY OF DETROIT. REPRESENTATIVES OF THE SIX STRIKING TRADE UNIONS HAVE OFFERED TO RETURN TO THEIR JOBS UNDER TERMS OF AN EXPIRED CONTRACT, IN RETURN FOR INTENSIVE NEGOTIATIONS TO REACH A NEW AGREEMENT. THE OFFER IS UNDER STUDY BY THE NEWSPAPERS' MANAGEMENT. CORRESPONDENT PAUL FRANCUCH REPORTS. (10/5)

    TAIWAN / MAGIC -- A CONTROVERSY HAS DEVELOPED IN TAIWAN OVER A SCHEDULED VISIT BY AMERICAN BASKETBALL LEGEND MAGIC JOHNSON. AS STRINGER KENDALL BUHL REPORTS FROM TAIPEI, THE TAIWAN GOVERNMENT PLANS TO BAR MR. JOHNSON FROM ENTERING BECAUSE HE CARRIES THE HIV VIRUS THAT CAUSES AIDS. (10/6)

    VOA REPORTS IN INDIVIDUAL LANGUAGES:

    INSIDE USA:

    JAMES BAKER / TALK TO AMERICA -- THE FUTURE OF THE NEW WORLD ORDER, NEGOTIATIONS SURROUNDING THE PERSIAN GULF WAR, US DEFENSE INTERESTS IN ASIA,,THESE ARE ALL QUESTIONS 'TALK TO AMERICA' CALLERS POSED TO FORMER SECRETARY OF STATE JAMES BAKER ON OCT. 5TH. JOINING THE PROGRAM FROM VOA'S CHICAGO BUREAU, MR. BAKER DISCUSSED ALL THESE ISSUES AND HIS NEW BOOK "THE POLITICS OF DIPLOMACY: REVOLUTION, WAR AND PEACE 1989-92." (TTA 10/6)

    POPE JOHN PAUL II SPEAKS TO UN -- CORRESPONDENT ALEC BATCHAN REPORTS ON POPE JOHN PAUL'S ADDRESS TO THE UNGA, IN WHICH HE SAID THAT THE UN MUST ACT AS A MORAL DETERRENT TO HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IN THE NAME OF EXTREME NATIONALISM AND RELIGIOUS FUNDAMENTALISM. INCLUDED IS A MINUTE AND A HALF ADDRESS BY THE POPE SPEAKING IN RUSSIAN. (RUSSIAN 10/5)

    POPE / UNGA -- STAFF REPORT ON THE PAPAL VISIT TO UNITED STATES, INCLUDING THE REACTION OF SLOVENIA'S UN AMBASSADOR DANILO TUERK TO THE POPE'S MULTI-LINGUAL SPEECH TO THE UNGA. (SLOVENE 10/6)

    POPE JOHN PAUL / UN -- POPE JOHN PAUL II DELIVERED A SPEECH AT THE UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY STRESSING SOCIAL JUSTICE, FAMILY VALUES AND ROLE OF THE WORLD ORGANIZATION AFTER THE COLD WAR, CORRESPONDENT LUIS TAMAYO REPORTED FROM NEW YORK. (SPANISH 10/5)

    PAPAL VISIT / US -- SLOVENIAN INTERVIEW WITH DR PETER REMEC, PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AT COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY, AND A FORMER FULBRIGHT SCHOLAR. DR REMEC TALKED ABOUT HIS WORK AS LEGAL ADVISOR TO UNITED NATIONS COMMITTEES, AND ABOUT PREPARATIONS FOR THE PAPAL VISIT. HE MET THE POPE IN NEW YORK, AND CONVERSED WITH HIM IN SLOVENIAN LANGUAGE. (SLOVENE 10/6)

    BIG DAMAGES CAUSED BY OPAL -- FLORIDA STATE OFFICIALS SAY HURRICANE OPAL CAUSED PROPERTY DAMAGES OF MANY MILLIONS DOLLARS, BUT IT WILL TAKE WEEKS TO KNOW EXACTLY THE EXTEND OF THE DESTRUCTION. CORRESPONDENT JORGE WEHBY REPORTED FROM MIAMI. (SPANISH 10/5)

    ANTI-BATTERY LAW / CALIFORNIA -- CALIFORNIA'S GOVERNOR PETE WILSON SIGNED INTO LAW A MEASURE WHICH MANDATES SEVERE PUNISHMENT FOR PEOPLE CONVICTED OF BEATING THEIR SPOUSES. CORRESPONDENT HECTOR VELAZQUEZ MEJIA REPORTS FROM LOS ANGELES. (SPANISH 10/5)

    US CRIMINAL LAW -- LOS ANGELES CRIMINAL LAW SPECIALIST, DR. SAEED ZAND, AND BOSTON UNIVERSITY PROFESSOR OF SOCIOLOGY, ALI BANU AZZIZI, ARE THE GUESTS ON THIS WEEK'S THE FARSI CALL-IN SHOW, "ROUNDTABLE WITH YOU." IN THE WAKE OF THE SIMPSON VERDICT, THEY DISCUSS THE AMERICAN CRIMINAL LAW SYSTEM. (FARSI 10/6)

    IRANIAN-AMERICAN SURGEON -- STAFFER HAIDAR SAMADANI INTERVIEWS IRANIAN-AMERICAN SURGEON, DR. SAID DAEE WHO IS A MEMBER OF THE INTERNATIONAL COLLEGE OF SURGEONS. DR DAEE, A TRAUMA SURGEON, RESPONDED TO LISTENERS' QUESTIONS ABOUT HIS SPECIALITY. (FARSI 10/5)

    WORLD ECONOMIC CONGRESS -- US COMPANIES CAREFULLY FOLLOW THE OPENING OF TRADE AND MARKETS IN LATIN AMERICA AND OTHER REGIONS TO DRAW THEIR INTERNATIONAL STRATEGIES, BUSINESSMEN TOLD THE 4TH WORLD ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT CONGRESS IN WASHINGTON. STAFFER DARIO ELIAS REPORTS. (SPANISH 10/5)

    HURRICANE / DOSSIER -- A SPECIAL REPORT ON HURRICANES IN THE CARIBBEAN WAS PREPARED BY MARTINIQUE JOURNALIST MAURICE DUVAL WHO INTERVIEWED FORECASTER DANIELLE DECAP AND A RADIO MARTINIQUE REPORTER WHO DESCRIBED THE SCENE THE DAY AFTER HURRICANE LUIS HIT THE ISLAND. ALSO INTERVIEWED WAS GILBERT HINA OF THE ASSOCIATION OF BANANA GROWERS SICABAM WHO CITED A LOSS FIGURE IN THE HUNDREDS OF THOUSAND OF TONS OF BANANAS FOR MARTINIQUE AND GUADELOUPE. (FRENCH 10/5)

    LITERATURE / NOBEL -- STAFFER JESSICA HARTMAN INTERVIEWS BROWN UNIVERSITY PROFESSOR ANTHONY OLDCORN WHO HAS TRANSLATED SOME OF THE WORK OF SEAMUS HEANEY, THIS YEAR'S WINNER OF THE NOBEL PRIZE FOR LITERATURE. (FRENCH 10/5)

    VOTING IN AMERICA FOR THE LATVIAN PARLIAMENT -- STRINGER AIDIS TOMSONS INTERVIEWS AMERICAN-LATVIANS AT A POLLING PLACE FOR THE LATVIAN NATIONAL ELECTIONS WHICH IS LOCATED IN ROCKVILLE, MARYLAND, THE ONLY LATVIAN POLLING PLACE IN THE US. (LATVIAN 10/2)

    LATVIAN PAINTER -- STAFFER VILNIS BAUMANS INTERVIEWS VIESTARTS AISTARS, A LATVIAN PAINTER, WHOSE EXHIBIT OPENED IN THE WASHINGTON AREA. (LATVIAN 10/1)

    LATVIAN DANCE ENSEMBLE -- VILNIS BAUMANS PREPARED A MUSICAL FEATURE ABOUT THE CANADIAN-LATVIAN ENSEMBLE "RUNAI" WHICH AFTER 25 YEARS STILL IS GOING STRONG. (LATVIAN 10/1

    NOBEL PRIZE IN LITERATURE -- STAFFER JAROSLAW ANDERS INTERVIEWS HARVARD PROFESSOR STANISLAW BARANCZAK, WHO WORKED TOGETHER WITH THIS YEAR'S NOBEL PRIZE WINNER, SEAMUOUS HAENEY, ON TRANSLATING POLISH RENAISSANCE POET JAN KOCHANOWSKI'S WORKS. (POLISH 10/5)

    POPE IN NEW YORK -- STAFFERTADEUSZ WALENDOWSKI AND STRINGER MALGORZATA KAUZA REPORT ON THE POPE'S VISIT TO THE UNITED NATIONS AND OTHER EVENTS OF THE SECOND DAY OF THE POPE'S VISIT. (POLISH 10/5)

    ENGLISH AS THE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE -- IRENA GRUDZINSKA GROSS, A LITERATURE PROFESSOR AT NEW YORK UNIVERSITY DISCUSSES THE PROPOSED LAWS MAKING ENGLISH THE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE. ACCORDING TO GRUDZINSKA, IT APPEARS TO BE MORE OF A POLITICAL PROBLEM THAN A PRACTICAL ONE, SINCE ENGLISH IS EXPANDING AS THE WORLD LANGUAGE. INTERVIEW BY STAFFER ANDRZEJ ZWANIECKI. (POLISH 10/5)

    INSIDE AFRICA:

    MOZAMBIQUE / RIOTS -- HUNDREDS OF PEOPLE HAVE PROTESTED IN THE MOZAMBICAN CAPITAL OF MAPUTO AGAINST RISING FOOD PRICES. CORRESPONDENT TERESA LIMA REPORTS ONE DEATH AND SEVERAL PERSONS INJURED. THE PROTEST CAME AFTER THE PRICE OF A 50 KG SACK OF RICE SHOT UP FROM 15 TO 50 US DOLLARS. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 10/6)

    ANGOLA / BEYE -- UN SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE IN ANGOLA, ALIOUNE BLONDINE BEYE, WAS IN HUAMBO PROVINCE IN THE CENTRAL REGION OF ANGOLA TO OVERSEE UNITA'S TROOPS ASSEMBLY POINTS. MEANWHILE, UNITA'S LEADER, JONAS SAVIMBI IS IN MAROCCO FOR TALKS WITH KING HASSAN. STAFFER OVIDIO PEQUENO REPORTS. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 10/6)

    NIGERIA / CLEMENCY -- STRINGER AHMED MOHAMMAD KWALAM REPORTS FROM LAGOS THE MILITARY GOVERNMENT OF NIGERIA HAS DENIED THAT EXTERNAL PRESSURE AND THREATS OF ECONOMIC SANCTIONS COMPELLED IT TO GRANT CLEMENCY TO THOSE FOUND GUILTY OF TREASON BY A MILITARY COURT. ACCORDING TO THE DIRECTOR OF MILITARY INFORMATION, BRIGADIER FRED CHIJUKA, THE NEED AND DESIRE FOR A PEACEFUL TRANSITION AND NON-VIOLENT POLITICS IN NIGERIA'S FUTURE WERE THE OVERRIDING CONSIDERATIONS. (10/4)

    NIGERIA / POLITICS / BRITISH REACT -- STRINGER BABANGIDA JIBRIL REPORTS FROM ABUJA, THE HEAD OF NIGERIA'S MILITARY GOVERNMENT, GENERAL SANI ABACHA, HAS DIRECTED MINISTERS AND DIRECTORS-GENERAL IN HIS CABINET WHO WISH TO PARTICIPATE IN POLITICS TO RESIGN. STAFFER AHMED YERIMA SPOKE WITH EDUCATION MINISTER DR. M.T. LIMAN AND ANOTHER POLITICIAN-BUSINESSMAN ALI BUKAR MAKODA. STRINGER BABANGIDA JIBRIL ALSO REPORTED THAT THE BRITISH AMBASSADOR TO NIGERIA, MR. GRAHAM HURD, SAYS THE DECISION BY NIGERIA'S MILITARY GOVERNMENT TO STAY IN POWER FOR ANOTHER THREE YEARS IS UNACCEPTABLE AND BRITAIN WILL CONTINUE TO PUT PRESSURE ON THE MILITARY TO RETURN THE COUNTRY TO DEMOCRACY AS SOON AS POSSIBLE. (HAUSA 10/5)

    RWANDA / KENYA -- STAFFER FERDINAND FERELLA ASKED THE RWANDAN MINISTER OF JUSTICE MARTHE MUKAMURENZI TO COMMENT ON THE ANNOUNCEMENT BY KENYAN PRESIDENT DANIEL ARAP MOI THAT KENYA WOULD NOT COOPERATE WITH THE INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNAL PROSECUTING THE RWANDAN GENOCIDE SUSPECTS. MS. MUKAMURENZI SAID SHE WAS ASTONISHED BY THE POSITION AND HOPES THE PRESIDENT OF KENYA WILL RECONSIDER. (FRENCH 10/5)

    KENYA / RWANDA TRIBUNAL -- THE PROSECUTOR FOR THE INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNAL ON RWANDA, JUDGE RICHARD GOLDSTONE, HAS SENT A LETTER TO KENYA'S PRESIDENT ABOUT HIS APPARENT REFUSAL TO COOPERATE WITH THE TRIBUNAL. ANDRE GEORGE, A SPOKESMAN FOR THE TRIBUNAL, READ A STATEMENT TO REPORTER JOE DECAPUA BY JUDGE GOLDSTONE REACTING TO THE SITUATION. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 10/6)

    KENYA / RWANDA TRIBUNAL -- THE KENYA GOVERNMENT WILL NOT HAND OVER ANY RWANDESE CITIZENS LIVING IN KENYA WHO ARE SUSPECTED TO HAVE TAKEN PART IN THE RWANDA MASSACRES. PRESIDENT MOI SAID ANY UN OFFICIAL DELIVERING THE SUMMONS TO KENYA WILL BE ARRESTED. STRINGER MWAI GIKONYO REPORTS FROM NAIROBI. (SWAHILI 10/5)

    RWANDAN / REFUGEES -- THERE ARE SIGNS ZAIRE'S GOVERNMENT MAY EXPEL ONE MILLION RWANDAN REFUGEES BY THE END OF THE YEAR. AFRICA POLICY ANALYST, JEFF DRUMTRA OF THE US COMMITTEE FOR REFUGEES, JUST BACK FROM ZAIRE, SPOKE ABOUT THE SITUATION WITH REPORTER DEBORAH BLOCK. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 10/6)

    KENYA / SCANDAL -- KENYA'S SECOND LARGE FINANCIAL SCANDAL SURFACED TODAY. THIS INVOLVES 14 BILLION KENYAN SCHILLINGS WHICH IS EQUIVALENT TO ABOUT 10% OF KENYA'S BUDGET. STAFFER THOMAS ATANDI SPOKE WITH NORMAN NYAGA, AN ECONOMIC ANALYST AND AN OPPOSITION MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT IN NAIROBI. MR. NYAGA SAID THE REPORT OF THE SCANDAL HAS BEEN KNOWN BUT THE ANNOUNCEMENT WAS DELAYED. HE ALSO SAID THAT NEXT WEEK THE NAMES OF PARLIAMENTARIANS IMPLICATED WILL BE REVEALED. PARLIAMENTARIANS HAVE IMMUNITY FROM PROSECUTION. (SWAHILI 10/6)

    COMOROS / COUP AFTERMATH -- STAFFER ABDUSHAKUR ABOUD INTERVIEWED ONE OF THE FORMER CO-PRESIDENTS, SAID ALI KAMAL WHO WAS VERY CRITICAL OF THE NEW GOVERNMENT AND THE CURRENT PRIME MINISTER, CAABI EL-YACHOURTI. MR. SAID ALI KAMAL SAID IT WAS UNCONSTITUTIONAL FOR THE PRIME MINISTER-CARETAKER PRESIDENT TO FORM A NEW GOVERNMENT. JOURNALIST ABDUL RAHMAN BARAMIA IN THE COMOROS SAID THE SITUATION NOW IS RELATIVELY CALM. (SWAHILI 10/5)

    COMOROS / ANALYSIS -- BOB DENARD, MERCENARY LEADER OF THE COMOROS ISLANDS COUP, IS ALLEGED TO HAVE SURRENDERED TO FRENCH FORCES. REPORTER KEMI SOUTHEY-COLE INTERVIEWS ABDUSHAKUR ABOUD OF VOA'S SWAHILI SERVICE FOR ANALYSIS OF THE SITUATION. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 10/4)

    COMOROS / KEMAL INTERVIEW -- BEFORE THEIR COUP WAS ULTIMATELY DEFEATED BY FRENCH MILITARY INTERVENTION, COMORAN REBELS AND FOREIGN MERCENARIES HAD PLACED TWO CIVILIANS AS CO-PRESIDENTS OF AN INTERIM GOVERNMENT FOR COMOROS. ONE OF THEM, SAID ALI KEMAL, LEADER OF THE COMORAN CHUMA OPPOSITION PARTY WAS INTERVIEWED BY SWAHILI STAFFER ABOUD SHAKUR AND SPOKE OF CORRUPTION UNDER PRESIDENT DJOHAR. (FRENCH 10/5)

    LIBERIA / MASSACRE -- LIBERIA'S REBEL LEADER, CHARLES TAYLOR DENIES CLAIMS BY HIS DEPUTY ENOCH DOGOLEA THAT NPFL FORCES HAVE MASSACRED 100 PEOPLE IN NORTHEASTERN LIBERIA. REPORTER RICHARD KOTEY SPOKE WITH CHARLES TAYLOR FROM GBARNGA. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 10/6)

    SADEC EMERGENCY MEETING -- SOUTH AFRICAN MEMBERS OF SADEC DECIDED TO HOLD AN EMERGENCY MEETING TO EVALUATE THE FUNDS ALREADY IN THEIR POSSESSION TO COMBAT THE SEVERE DROUGHT IN THE AREA. STRINGER JOHN NYOKA REPORTS FROM NAMIBIA. (SWAHILI 10/5)

    TANZANIA / STRIKE -- STRIKING DOCTORS IN TANZANIA HAVE RECEIVED LETTERS OF TERMINATION. STRINGER PASCAL SHIJA REPORTS FROM DAR ES SALAAM. (SWAHILI 10/6)

    TANZANIA / BANK -- THOUSANDS OF EMPLOYEES AT THE COMMERCIAL BANK OF TANZANIA MAY SOON LOSE THEIR JOBS. THE BANK PLANS TO CLOSE DOWN 35 OF ITS BRANCHES COUNTRY WIDE. STRINGER EVEREST MWITUMBA REPORTS. (SWAHILI 10/5)

    CAMEROON / RULING PARTY CONGRESS -- PRESIDENT PAUL BIYA'S CAMEROON PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC MOVEMENT (CPDM PARTY) IS HOLDING A CONVENTION FOR THE FIRST TIME IN NEARLY SIX YEARS. REPORTER JULIUS BARTHSON SAYS THE CONGRESS MAY BE CONNECTED WITH UPCOMING MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS IN CAMEROON. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 10/6)

    OJ SIMPSON TRIAL / SOUTH AFRICA -- A SOUTH AFRICAN LAWYER SAYS THE PROSECUTORS OF THE OJ SIMPSON SIMPSON SIMPSON CASE FAILED TO PROVE GUILT BEYOND A REASONABLE DOUBT. REPORTER BILL EAGLE SPOKE WITH MOJANKU GUMBI OF THE BLACK LAWYERS ASSOCIATION IN JOHANNESBURG. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 10/5)

    MALAWI / VICE-PRESIDENT -- A CONTROVERSY HAS ENGULFED MALAWI OVER THE QUESTION OF IMMUNITY FROM PROSECUTION FOR GOVERNMENT LEADERS WHO ALLEGEDLY VIOLATED THE CONSTITUTION. PRESIDENT BAKILI MALUZI AND THE SPEAKER OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY ARE ACCUSED OF ILLEGALLY APPOINTING A SECOND VICE-PRESIDENT. REPORTER JULIUS KALIYA HAS THE STORY FROM BLANTYRE. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 10/5)

    INTERNATIONAL MARKETS -- IN HER WEEKLY PROGRAM MARCHES INTERNATIONAUX (INTERNATIONAL MARKETS), STAFFER CAMILLE GROSDIDIER REVIEWS WITH STAFFER HENRY FRANCISQUE, PRIVATIZATION EFFORTS IN AFRICA AND THE LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF THE CFA DEVALUATION ON COMMODITIES MARKETS. MS. GROSDIDIER INTERVIEWS IVORIAN ECONOMIST NIALE KABA AND JUSTIN NDJAPOU, AN OFFICIAL IN THE FINANCE MINISTRY OF THE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC. (FRENCH 10/5)

    INSIDE MIDEAST:

    SYRIA / ISRAEL / PEACE -- ON THE 22ND ANNIVERSARY OF THE 1973 ARAB-ISRAELI WAR SYRIA SAID STRUGGLE AGAINST ISRAEL WILL CONTINUE AS LONG AS THERE IS NO COMPLETE ISRAELI WITHDRAWAL FROM THE GOLAN HEIGHTS AND SOUTH LEBANON. STAFFER JUMANA TAMIMI REPORTS FROM AMMAN. (ARABIC 10/6)

    IRAQ / RUSSIA / OIL -- THE IRAQ NEWSPAPER 'AL-IRAQ' TODAY SAID AN IRAQI DELEGATION IS VISITING MOSCOW TO FOLLOW UP ON THE CONTRACTS CONCLUDED BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES SEVERAL MONTHS AGO ON DEVELOPMENT OF OIL FIELDS IN IRAQ. STAFFER JUMANA TAMIMI REPORTS FROM AMMAN. (ARABIC 10/6)

    DRUSE PROBLEM / LEBANON -- LEBANESE AUTHORITIES TOOK INTENSIVE PRECAUTIONARY SECURITY MEASURES TO PREVENT ANY DISTURBANCES AMONG THE DRUSE COMMUNITY BECAUSE OF DISMISSAL OF THE DRUSE SPIRITUAL LEADER FROM OFFICE. STRINGER SULEIMAN KHAIRALLAH REPORTED FROM AMMAN. (ARABIC 10/6)

    OCTOBER WAR ANNIVERSARY -- STAFFER IMAN RAFI INTERVIEWED IN CAIRO FORMER EGYPTIAN WAR MINISTER, AMIN HOWEIDI, ON THE ANNIVERSARY OF THE WAR AND PEACE IN THE MIDDLE EAST. (ARABIC 10/6)

    PALESTINIAN / ISRAELI AGREEMENT -- COLONEL JIBREEN ROJOUB, CHIEF OF PREVENTIVE SECURITY AT THE WEST BANK, WAS INTERVIEWED BY STAFFER HAYAT ALKHATEEB ON SECURITY ASPECTS OF THE AGREEMENT. MS ALKHATEEB ALSO INTERVIEWED NAWAF MASALHA, ISRAELI KNESSET MEMBER,, ON THE POSITIVE ASPECTS OF THE AGREEMENT AND POTENTIAL ESTABLISHMENT OF AN INDEPENDENT PALESTINIAN STATE. (ARABIC 10/6)

    IRAQ / IRAN / ARAB RELATIONS -- INTERVIEW CONDUCTED IN NEW YORK BY STAFFER MOHAMED ATTIA WITH IRAQI FOREIGN MINISTER MOHAMED SAID AL-SAHAF IT DEALT WITH RELATIONS BETWEEN IRAQ ON ONE HAND AND IRAN AND ARAB COUNTRIES ON THE OTHER. (ARABIC 10/6)

    AMNESTY APPEAL / IRAN -- STAFFER ALI B FARHOODI REPORTS ON AN AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL APPEAL ISSUED ON BEHALF OF JAVAD ROUHANI, WHO ACCORDING TO AMNESTY, WAS PERMITTED TO MEET A MEMBER OF HIS FAMILY SEPTEMBER 19TH. HE IS SAID TO HAVE LOOKED THIN AND TIRED. IT IS REPORTED THAT HE HAS BEEN SENTENCED TO ONE YEAR'S IMPRISONMENT. AMNESTY HAS NOT BEEN ABLE TO ASCERTAIN THE DATE OF HIS TRIAL OR THE NATURE OF THE CHARGES AGAINST HIM. (FARSI 10/5)

    IRAN / ROMANIA -- LOS ANGELES STAFFER MOHAMMAD RAZAVI INTERVIEWS IAN ILIESCU, THE PRESIDENT OF ROMANIA, WHO WAS VISITING LOS ANGELES. THE ROMANIAN PRESIDENT TALKED ABOUT HIS COUNTRY'S ECONOMIC TIES WITH IRAN, AND THE OVERALL RELATIONS BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES. (FARSI 10/5)

    UN PEACE MISSION / AFGHANISTAN -- THE UN SPECIAL ENVOY FOR AFGHANISTAN, AMBASSADOR MAHMOUD MESTIRI, IS OPTIMISTIC ABOUT CEASE-FIRE IN AFGHANISTAN. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STAFFER NOUR RAHIMI THE UN ENVOY SAID THAT ALL MAJOR AFGHAN SIDES HAVE AGREED IN PRINCIPLE TO NEGOTIATE FOR PEACE. (DARI 10/6)

    AFGHANISTAN / PEACE -- AFGHANISTAN MAINTAINS THAT THE UN PEACE MISSION, CHAIRED BY UN ENVOY MAHMOUD MESTIRI, CAN SUCCEED ONLY IF CONDITIONS IN THE COUNTRY ARE TAKEN INTO CONSIDERATION. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STAFFER JALIL GHANI THE AFGHAN DEPUTY MINISTER FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS, ABDUL RAHIM GHAFOORZAI SAID THAT THE UN SECRETARY GENERAL, BUTROS GHALI, HAS WELCOMED AN AFGHAN PROPOSAL FOR CREATION OF A CONTACT GROUP TO HELP THE PEACE PROCESS IN AFGHANISTAN. (DARI 10/6)

    INSIDE SOUTH ASIA:

    CHILD LABOR / INDIA -- VIDYABEN SHAH, PRESIDENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BOARD AND FORMER PRESIDENT OF COUNCIL OF CHILD WELFARE DISCUSSES THE EFFORTS BY THE GOVERNMENT TO ERADICATE CHILD LABOR IN INDIA. KAILASH SATYARTHI, PRESIDENT OF COALITION TO END CHILD SERVITUDE DISCUSSES THE EFFORTS OF NGOS AND WHAT ELSE NEEDS TO BE DONE TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM. STAFFER RASHMI SHUKLA INTERVIEWS BOTH. (HINDI 10/5)

    OIL / NATURAL GAS -- THE GENERAL MANAGER OF THE OIL & NATURAL GAS CORPORATION OF NEW DELHI, VINOD KUMAR SHARMA, SAYS THAT AN UNDERSTANDING OF MODERN TECHNOLOGY AND METHODS IS IMPORTANT FOR EXPANSION OF TRADE IN THE ENERGY SECTOR. STAFFER NIRMALA JOSHI INTERVIEWED MR. SHARMA WHO IS IN WASHINGTON ON A TRAINING TOUR. (HINDI 10/5)

    BROADCASTER / OBE -- HINDI BROADCASTER MAHENDRA KAUL, THE WINNER OF THE ORDER OF BRITISH EMPIRE (OBE) FOR CONTRIBUTIONS TO RACIAL HARMONY AMONG SOUTH ASIAN ETHNIC GROUPS IS INTERVIEWED BY STAFFER JAGDISH SARIN. MR KAUL, NOW IN HIS LATE 70S, WAS THE FIRST EDITOR OF RADIO KASHMIR AT ALL INDIA RADIO, THE FIRST EDITOR OF BBC TV FOR SOUTH ASIANS, AND THE FIRST EDITOR OF VOA HINDI IN 1955. HE DISCUSSES THE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF BROADCASTING OVER THE LAST FIFTY YEARS. (HINDI 10/5)

    BANGLA FLOOD -- THE FLOOD SITUATION IN BANGLADESH HAS FURTHER DETERIORATED. PRIME MINISTER KHALIDA ZIA VISITED AFFECTED AREAS. THE OPPOSITION LEADER SHEIKH HASINA ALSO VISITED THE FLOOD AREAS AND CRITICIZED THE GOVERNMENT FOR NOT TAKING APPROPRIATE STEPS OF DISTRIBUTING RELIEF MATERIALS TO FLOOD VICTIMS. STRINGER ZAHURUL ALAM REPORTS FROM DHAKA. (BANGLA 10/5)

    BANGLA HILL TRACKS PEOPLES' COUNCIL -- CHITTAGONG HILL TRACKS PEOPLES' COUNCIL STAGED A DEMONSTRATION IN DHAKA TO DEMAND ACTION AGAINST THE OUTLAWED SHANTI BAHINI. STRINGER ZAHURUL ALAM REPORTS. (BANGLA 10/5)

    BANGLA CONFERENCE / LONDON -- BENGALI IMMIGRANTS LIVING IN THE UNITED KINGDOM HELD A LITERARY AND A CULTURAL CONFERENCE IN LONDON. PARTICIPANTS INCLUDED PROMINENT WRITERS AND SINGERS FROM BANGLADESH AND WEST BENGAL, INDIA. STRINGER SHAMEEM CHAWDHURY REPORTS FROM LONDON. (BANGLA 10/6)

    INDIA KASHMIR / CONFLICT -- REPORTER SUSAN YACKEE SPEAKS WITH ATUL KOHLI, PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS AND POLITICS AT PRINCETON UNIVERSITY IN NEW JERSEY, ABOUT THE CONFLICT IN INDIA KASHMIR. HE SAYS THE RECENT KILLING OF MUSLIM MILITANT MANZOOR AHMED BHAT AND RESULTING RIOTS IS JUST ANOTHER INCIDENT IN THE LONG ON-GOING BATTLE IN THE AREA. HE RECOMMENDS A POLITICAL SOLUTION. (ENGLISH NEWS PROGRAMS 10/5)

    INSIDE EAST ASIA:

    CHINA / ANTI-CORRUPTION CONFERENCE / AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL -- AT THE OPENING OF THE 7TH INTERNATIONAL ANTI-CORRUPTION CONFERENCE IN BEIJING, PRESIDENT JIANG ZEMIN ADMITTED THAT CHINA HAS SERIOUS CORRUPTION PROBLEMS, WHILE PROCURATOR GENERAL ZHANG SIQING WARNED AGAINST INTERFERENCE IN OTHER COUNTRIES' INTERNAL AFFAIRS VIA THE PRETEXT OF ANTI-CORRUPTION. AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL'S LEGAL OFFICE DIRECTOR NICK HOWEN WAS TURNED BACK AT THE BEIJING AIRPORT WHEN ENTERING CHINA TO ATTEND THE CONFERENCE. STAFFER QI FENG INTERVIEWED NICK HOWEN AND CASEY KELSO, A.I. SPOKESMAN. (MANDARIN 10/6)

    BEIJING / ANTI-CORRUPTION -- 800 DELEGATES FROM 90 COUNTRIES BEGAN A FIVE-DAY ANTI-CORRUPTION CONFERENCE FRIDAY IN BEIJING. PRESIDENT JIANG ZEMIN MADE A WELCOMING SPEECH EXPRESSING HIS DETERMINATION TO ERADICATE CORRUPTION. STAFFER CHOU YOUKANG REPORTS FROM BEIJING AND INTERVIEWS SELICE LIEH MAK, HK EXECUTIVE COUNCIL MEMBER, KEVIN FORD, DEPUTY COMMISSIONER OF INVESTIGATIONS, NY CITY, AND WU ZUGUANG, MEMBER OF CHINESE POLITICAL CONSULTATIVE CONFERENCE, AT THE MEETING. (MANDARIN 10/6)

    HONG KONG / JOB COMPETITION -- MOST OF THE 700,000 PEOPLE WHO EMIGRATED IN RECENT YEARS AND HOLD FOREIGN PASSPORTS HAVE RETURNED TO HONG KONG TO SEEK JOBS. OVER 150 PEOPLE A DAY ENTER HK FROM CHINA ALSO TO SEEK JOBS. WITH HK'S INCREASING UNEMPLOYMENT RATE, THESE PEOPLE ARE BLAMED FOR TAKING JOBS AWAY FROM LOCAL PEOPLE. STRINGER LI SU IN HK INTERVIEWS HK URBAN COUNCILLOR JENNIFER CHOW KIT BING, HK MANAGEMENT ASSOC. MEMBER LIANG ZHENRONG, AND VICE CHAIR OF HK UNIONS FEDERATION TAN YAOHONG. (MANDARIN 10/6)

    BRITAIN / CHINA / AGREEMENT / REACTION -- CHINA AND BRITAIN HAVE REACHED AN AGREEMENT ON HONG KONG, BUT IN DOING SO, HAVE BYPASSED HK RESIDENTS AND GOVERNOR PATTEN. STAFFERS RUOSI WU AND CHIEN WEI SUMMARIZE PRESS REACTION TO THE AGREEMENT AND INTERVIEW PROF MICHAEL YAHUDA OF LONDON UNIVERSITY, WHO ANALYZES THE IMPACT OF THE AGREEMENT FROM AN ECONOMIC STANDPOINT. (MANDARIN 10/6)

    NORTH KOREA / US / PEACE ARRANGEMENTS -- NORTH KOREA SAYS THAT PEACE ON THE KOREAN PENINSULA COULD BE BEST ASSURED BY NORTH KOREA AND THE US. THE NAEWOE PRESS IN SEOUL QUOTED NORTH KOREAN CENTRAL RADIO AS SAYING THAT THE WORK FOR REPLACING THE EXISTING ARMISTICE AGREEMENT WITH A NEW PEACE TREATY MUST BE DONE BY THE US AND NORTH KOREA AS SIGNATORIES OF THE ARMISTICE PACT. CORRESPONDENT YONG KYUN LIM REPORTS FROM SEOUL. (KOREAN 10/6)

    SOUTH KOREAN WOMEN / EMPLOYMENT -- THE GOVERNMENT DECIDED TO ACCORD EXTRA PREMIUM SCORES TO WOMAN JOB-SEEKERS WHO APPLY FOR POSITIONS OF GOVERNMENT AGENCIES AND GOVERNMENT-OWNED BUSINESSES. STAFFER YONG KYUN LIM SAID THE MOVE IS AIMED AT CORRECTING A LONG-STANDING MALE ORIENTED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICE IN SOUTH KOREA. (KOREAN 10/6)

    SOUTH KOREA / CHINA / FERRY SERVICE -- SOUTH KOREA AND CHINA HAVE AGREED TO LAUNCH A REGULAR CAR FERRY SERVICE BETWEEN PUSAN, SOUTH KOREA, AND SHANGHAI, CHINA, BEGINNING IN DECEMBER. (KOREAN 10/6)

    NORTH KOREA / JAPAN / RICE AID -- A JAPANESE PROFESSOR CRITICIZED JAPANESE GOVERNMENT'S RECENT DECISION TO SUPPLY ADDITIONAL RICE TO NORTH KOREA. IN A COLUMN PUBLISHED IN THE ASAHI SHIMBUN NEWSPAPER, THE PROFESSOR SAID THAT TOKYO SHOULD HAVE RAISED HUMAN RIGHT ISSUES IN NORTH KOREA BEFORE AGREEING TO PROVIDE RICE RELIEF AIDS. HE POINTED OUT THAT FOOD SHORTAGES IN NORTH KOREA ARE LARGELY STEMMED FROM THE FAILURE OF ITS AGRICULTURAL POLICIES AND POLITICAL SYSTEM, RATHER THAN FROM FLOOD DAMAGES. KOREAN STRINGER KWANG HO CHOO REPORTS FROM TOKYO. (KOREAN 10/6)

    APEC / INDONESIA -- PREPARATIONS ARE CONTINUING FOR THE NOVEMBER MEETINGS IN OSAKA OF APEC, THE ASIA-PACIFIC ECONOMIC COOPERATION FORUM. STAFFER ZULKARNAIN TAJIBNAPIS SPOKE WITH AN INDONESIAN MEMBER, PROFESSOR SUHADI. HE SAID HE HOPES THE OSAKA MEETINGS WOULD TAKE CONCRETE STEPS TOWARD IMPLEMENTING THE GOAL OF A FREE TRADE AND INVESTMENT IN THE REGION. (INDONESIAN 10/6)

    ENVIRONMENT / DEVELOPMENT -- A WORLD BANK SPONSORED SEMINAR ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND THE ENVIRONMENT CONTINUED FOR THE SECOND DAY IN WASHINGTON. STAFFER SOEPRAPTO REPORTS ON A ROUNDTABLE DISCUSSION OF DEVELOPMENT IN ASIA. (INDONESIAN 10/5)

    INSIDE EUROPE:

    BOSNIA CEASE-FIRE / PRESIDENT CLINTON -- PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS ANNOUNCED A US BROKERED CEASE-FIRE IN BOSNIA. US OFFICIALS ARE HOPEFUL THIS CEASE-FIRE, TO TAKE EFFECT OCTOBER 10TH, WILL LEAD TO FURTHER PEACE TALKS AND A LASTING PEACE SETTLEMENT. STAFFERS CHEN JIAN AND WILLIAM CHIEN IN DC REPORT AND INTERVIEW PROF SEGAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL STRATEGIC INSTITUTE IN LONDON. (MANDARIN 10/6)

    BOSNIA AGREEMENT / KOSOVO -- ETHNIC ALBANIAN LEADER IBRAHIM RUGOVA HAS WELCOMED THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF AN AGREEMENT FOR A CEASE-FIRE IN BOSNIA. BUT RUGOVA EXPRESSED CONCERNS THAT KOSOVO WAS BEING NEGLECTED IN CURRENT EFFORTS TO SETTLE THE YUGOSLAV CONFLICT. THE ALBANIAN LEADER CALLED ON THE CONTACT GROUP TO INCLUDE KOSOVO IN ITS AGENDA. STRINGER IBRAHIM OSMANI REPORTS FROM PRISHTINA. (ALBANIAN 10/6)

    KOSOVO / ROUNDTABLE -- A ROUNDTABLE DISCUSSION ON KOSOVO FEATURING AUTHOR ALICE MEAD, FORMER ATTORNEY FOR HELSINKI RIGHTS WATCH JULIE MERTUS, AND REPRESENTATIVES OF AMERICAN ORGANIZATIONS WHICH HAVE PROVIDED HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE TO KOSOVO. STAFFER AGIM FETAHAJ REPORTS. (ALBANIAN 10/6)

    BOSNIA CEASE-FIRE / PLESTINA -- REPORTER JOHN PITMAN SPEAKS TO DIJANA PLESTINA, A PROFESSOR OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AT THE COLLEGE OF WOOSTER, ABOUT WHERE THE WARRING SIDES MUST GO NOW THAT THEY HAVE AGREED TO STOP SHOOTING EACH OTHER. SHE SAYS THE MOST IMPORTANT STEP WILL BE TO GUARANTEE THE AUTHORITY OF THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT IN SARAJEVO. IF POWER IS NOT CENTRALIZED IN THE NEW BOSNIA, NOTHING WILL BE DONE; THE SEPARATE REGIONS WILL SIMPLY DEAL WITH THEIR POWERFUL NEIGHBORS (SERBIA AND CROATIA) AND NOT SARAJEVO. SECOND, SHE SAYS THE AREA MUST BE DEMILITARIZED. THIS WILL REQUIRE FOREIGN TROOPS. THIRD, SHE SAYS THE NEW GOVERNMENT SHOULD NOT BE GIVEN ALL ITS POWER AT ONCE. AFTER DEMILITARIZATION AND ELECTIONS, THERE SHOULD BE A MONITORING PERIOD BEFORE THE NEW BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT IS REALLY ALLOWED TO CALL ITSELF THAT. (ENP 10/5)

    BOSNIA / PERLMUTTER -- REPORTER ANDREW BAIRD SPEAKS WITH AMOS PERLMUTTER, A PROFESSOR OF POLITICAL SCIENCE AT AMERICAN UNIVERSITY IN WASHINGTON. DR. PERLMUTTER IS HIGHLY CRITICAL OF NATO'S EFFORTS IN BOSNIA AND FEARS THE UNITED STATES IS BEING DRAGGED INTO A QUAGMIRE. HE FAVORS A CROAT-SERB PARTITION AND FEELS SORRY FOR THE MUSLIMS WHO WILL SUFFER. (ENP 10/5)

    POLAND / NATO EXPANSION -- POLISH FOREIGN MINISTER BARTOSZEWSKI SAYS THE BLUEPRINT FOR NATO EXPANSION MADE PUBLIC LAST WEEK INDICATES THAT THE ALLIANCE IS DETERMINED TO ACCEPT NEW MEMBERS, REGARDLESS OF RUSSIAN OBJECTIONS. CORRESPONDENT WOJTEK MINICZ REPORTS FROM WARSAW. (POLISH 10/5)

    LITHUANIA / NATO / RUSSIA -- LITHUANIAN AMBASSADOR ALFONSAS EIDINTAS CONVEYS HIS GOVERNMENT'S DEEP CONCERN TO THE STATE DEPARTMENT ABOUT REPORTS FROM MOSCOW THAT RUSSIAN TROOPS WOULD BE DISPATCHED TO THE BALTIC STATES IF THEY JOINED NATO. STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIALS ASSURED LITHUANIA OF US DIPLOMATIC AND MORAL SUPPORT. AMBASSADOR EIDINTAS WAS INTERVIEWED BY STAFFER ROMAS KASPARAS. (LITHUANIAN 10/5)

    CZECH CROWN / CONVERTIBILITY -- STAFFER JARMILA CECH INTERVIEWS WORLD BANK OFFICIAL JIRI JONAS ABOUT THE NEWLY CONVERTIBLE CZECH CROWN, WHICH WAS NON-CONVERTIBLE FOR SIXTY YEARS. HE SAID THE CURRENCY CONVERTIBILITY IS A REFLECTION OF SUCCESSFUL ECONOMIC POLICIES BY THE CZECH REPUBLIC, WHICH HAVE RESULTED IN BUDGET SURPLUSES, A STEADY EXCHANGE RATE AND AN INFLUX OF FOREIGN CAPITAL. HE FEELS THIS SHOULD OPEN THE DOOR TO CZECH MEMBERSHIP IN THE ORGANIZATION FOR ECONOMIC COOPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT. (CZECH 10/5)

    DRUG CONFERENCE -- STRINGER ALENA KENCLOVA REPORTS FROM PRAGUE ON THE INTERNATIONAL DRUG CONFERENCE THAT JUST CONCLUDED IN THE CZECH CAPITAL. REPRESENTATIVES FROM SLOVAKIA, POLAND, HUNGARY, SLOVENIA, AND THE CZECH REPUBLIC SIGNED A MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING TO COOPERATE IN FIGHTING ILLICIT DRUG TRAFFIC. (CZECH 10/5)

    TURKEY / GOVERNMENT -- PRIME MINISTER TANSU CILLER FORMS A MINORITY GOVERNMENT WITH THE SUPPORT OF THE RIGHT-WING NATIONALIST ACTION PARTY AND THE LEFT-WING DEMOCRATIC LEFT PARTY. FROM ANKARA, STRINGER ZEYNEP TINAZ REPORTS ABOUT THE NEW CABINET AND THE CHALLENGES IT FACES IN DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN POLICIES. (TURKISH 10/6)

    US EXPERT / TURKISH POLITICS -- ALAN MAKOVSKY, SENIOR FELLOW AT THE WASHINGTON INSTITUTE FOR NEAR EAST POLICY SAYS TURKEY IS AT A CRITICAL JUNCTURE IN ITS FOREIGN RELATIONS AS WELL AS DOMESTIC POLITICS. STAFFER TACLAN SUERDEM INTERVIEWS MR. MAKOVSKY, WHO RECENTLY VISITED TURKEY. (TURKISH 10/6)

    TURKEY / EUROPEAN UNION -- AMBASSADOR ALI TIGREL, ADVISOR TO THE TURKISH PRIME MINISTER ON RELATIONS WITH THE EUROPEAN UNION, SAYS TURKISH POLITICAL PARTIES WILL HAVE TO WORK HARD TO MEET THE CRITERIA ESTABLISHED BY THE EU FOR TURKEY'S ACCESSION TO THE CUSTOMS UNION. STRINGER NUSRET OZGUL INTERVIEWS THE TURKISH DIPLOMAT IN BRUSSELS. (TURKISH 10/6)

    INSIDE EURASIA:

    RUSSIA / SECURITY -- NATO EXPANSION TOWARDS THE EAST AND ITS EFFECT ON RUSSIA'S SECURITY CONCERNS IS DISCUSSED BY DIMITRY SIMES, PRESIDENT OF THE NIXON CENTER FOR PEACE AND FREEDOM, LEON ARON OF THE AMERICAN ENTERPRISE INSTITUTE, AND STAFFER VLADIMIR MATLIN. (RUSSIAN 10/5)

    INSIDE LATIN AMERICA:

    UNGA / COSTA RICA -- COSTA RICA'S FOREIGN MINISTER FERNANDO NARANJO VILLALOBOS TOLD THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF PROGRESS MADE IN THE PROCESS TO ESTABLISH DEMOCRACY IN CENTRAL AMERICA. CORRESPONDENT LUIS TAMAYO REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (SPANISH 10/5)

    GUATEMALA MASSACRE -- PRESIDENT RAMIRO DE LEON CARPIO HAS PROMISED THAT THE KILLERS OF EIGHT REFUGEE PEASANTS WHO WERE RETURNING FROM MEXICO WILL BE APPREHENDED. STRINGER JOSE LUIS HERNANDEZ REPORTS FROM GUATEMALA CITY. (SPANISH 10/6) 06-Oct-95 5:37 PM EDT (2137 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

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