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Voice of America, 11 October 1995

From: yanni@ix.netcom.com (Ioannis Bousnakis)

Voice of America Directory

CONTENTS

  • [01] WEDNESDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ANDREW N. GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)

  • [02] !!! VOA DAILY BOSNIA REPORT - OCTOBER 11, 1995 !!!

  • [03] BOSNIA/ CEASE-FIRE (L-UPDATE) BY DAVID FOLEY (SARAJEVO)

  • [04] BOSNIA/GERMANY (L ONLY) BY KYLE KING ( BONN )

  • [05] BOSNIA/SARAJEVO (S) BY DAVID FOLEY ( SARAJEVO )

  • [06] BOSNIA SITREP (L) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)

  • [07] BOSNIA SITUATION (S) BY WAYNE COREY ( VIENNA )

  • [08] BRITISH RECORD / BOSNIA BY ANDRE DE NESNERA (LONDON)

  • [09] CLINTON / BOSNIA (S&L) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)

  • [10] E.U. NUKES (S ONLY) BY JOHN FRASER (BRUSSELS)

  • [11] GERMANY / BOSNIA (S) BY KYLE KING (BONN)

  • [12] U-S/BOSNIA O'NITER (S ONLY) BY VICTOR BEATTIE (WASHINGTON )

  • [13] U-S-BOSNIA (S) BY RON PEMSTEIN (STATE DEPARTMENT)

  • [14] U-S / BOSNIA FORCE BY DAVID GOLLUST (PENTAGON)


  • [01] WEDNESDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ANDREW N. GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=10/11/95
    TYPE=U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST
    NUMBER=6-09212
    TELEPHONE=619-3335
    EDITOR=PHIL HAYNES
    CONTENT=
    // EDITORS, PLEASE NOTE: THIS IS PERISHABLE MATERIAL AND BECOMES DATED AFTER 10 P-M E-D-S-T ON WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 11 //

    INTRO: THE SABOTAGE OF A PASSENGER TRAIN IN THE REMOTE ARIZONA DESERT IS JUST ONE OF SEVERAL DOMESTIC AND INTERNATIONAL TOPICS GIVEN PROMINENCE ON THE NATION'S EDITORIAL PAGES THIS WEDNESDAY. OTHER SUBJECTS INCLUDE: VETERAN GEORGIA SENATOR SAM NUNN'S DECISION NOT TO SEEK RE-ELECTION; NEW FOCUS ON THE PROBLEM OF WIFE BEATING IN THE WAKE OF THE O-J SIMPSON TRIAL; CRITICISM OF MEXICAN POLITICS, AND CHINA'S INTELLECTUAL PIRACY. NOW, FOR A CLOSER LOOK, HERE IS ________________ WITH TODAY'S U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST.

    TEXT: "THE MIAMI HERALD" LEADS ITS EDITORIAL COLUMN WITH A COMMENTARY CONCERNING THE SABOTAGE DERAILMENT OF AN AMTRACK TRAIN NEAR PHOENIX, ARIZONA, MONDAY, THAT KILLED ONE PERSON AND INJURED MANY OTHERS. THE EDITORIAL, ENTITLED "TERROR IN THE DESERT," SAYS, IN PART:

    VOICE: "AMERICA'S EXTRAORDINARILY OPEN SOCIETY IS PREMISED ON THE BELIEF THAT TERRORISM IS BEYOND THE PALE, THAT CIVILIZED PEOPLE DO NOT DO SUCH THINGS TO ONE ANOTHER. THIS OPENNESS HAS THRIVED BECAUSE, WITH RARE EXCEPTIONS, AMERICANS FOR 200 YEARS HAVE HONORED THE SOCIAL CONTRACT UNDER WHICH TERRORISM IS NOT MERELY VILE, BUT UNTHINKABLE. IT'S STILL VILE, BUT NO LONGER UNTHINKABLE. [OPT] .... IT FALLS ... TO THE ... MEMBERS OF THIS INCREASINGLY VULNERABLE SOCIETY TO DECIDE JUST HOW MUCH ACCESS MUST BE CURTAILED, HOW HIGH THE SECURITY WALLS WILL BE BUILT TO AFFORD THEM THE SAFETY THAT THEY HAVE EVERY RIGHT TO DEMAND -- AND WHETHER THE ACCOMPANYING COST OF THEIR FREEDOMS IS WORTH IT." [END OPT]

    TEXT: ELSEWHERE IN FLORIDA, "THE ORLANDO SENTINEL" CALLS THE SABOTAGE DERAILMENT A "COWARDLY ACT", WHILE IN THE NATION'S CAPITAL, AN EDITORIAL IN "THE WASHINGTON TIMES" ACCUSES PRESIDENT CLINTON OF MAKING A POLITICAL ISSUE OF THE TERRORIST ACT:

    VOICE: "IT DIDN'T TAKE PRESIDENT CLINTON LONG TO START LOOKING FOR THE POLITICAL RAMIFICATIONS OF THE ACT OF TERRORISM THAT DERAILED AN AMTRACK TRAIN IN THE ARIZONA DESERT... BY TUESDAY, MR. CLINTON WAS ALREADY POINTING TO THE INCIDENT AS EVIDENCE THAT CONGRESS SHOULD ACT IMMEDIATELY ON HIS ANTI-TERRORISM LEGISLATION... PERHAPS THE PRESIDENT'S BILL IS THE ANSWER TO ACTS OF TERRORISM ON U-S SOIL, AND THEN AGAIN PERHAPS IT ISN'T. [OPT] GIVEN HOW LITTLE IS KNOWN ABOUT WHO COMMITTED THIS HORRIBLE CRIME, IT ISN'T THE LEAST BIT CLEAR YET THAT THE F-B-I COULD HAVE ANTICIPATED THE SABOTAGE -- LET ALONE TAP THE SABOTEURS' PHONES OR INFILTRATE ANY ORGANIZATION THEY MIGHT HAVE HAD -- EVEN WITH THE EXPANDED POWERS THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION HAS PROPOSED FOR THE BUREAU. " [END OPT]

    TEXT: THE ANNOUNCED DECISION OF VETERAN SOUTHERN DEMOCRAT SAM NUNN NOT TO SEEK RE-ELECTION TO THE U-S SENATE NEXT YEAR DRAWS THIS RESPONSE FROM THE "WASHINGTON POST."

    VOICE: "SAM NUNN ... RETIRING FROM THE SENATE AFTER FOUR TERMS, HAS BEEN THE RARE LEGISLATOR ABLE VIRTUALLY ON HIS OWN TO CREATE A CONSENSUS IN HIS CHOSEN FIELD OF DEFENSE POLICY. PEOPLE ON ALL SIDES COULD FIND BOTH COMFORT AND COVER IN HIS JUDGMENTS. HE EXERCISED THIS CONSIDERABLE DEGREE OF POWER AT A TIME WHEN THE COLD WAR PUT MILITARY DECISIONS, HENCE HIS CHOICES, AT THE HEART OF NATIONAL POLICY. ... AS THE COLD WAR WANED, HE CAME TO EMPHASIZE THE IMPORTANCE OF BUILDING A FIRMER FINANCIAL FOUNDATION UNDER DEFENSE AND FOREIGN POLICY AND, INDEED, UNDER THE WHOLE OF NATIONAL LIFE. STILL ONLY 57, THIS LARGE FIGURE OF THE SENATE RETIRES NEXT YEAR IN CIRCUMSTANCES WHERE HE MAY YET ADD TO HIS CONTRIBUTIONS TO PUBLIC SERVICE."

    TEXT: IN THE FAR NORTHEAST, "THE PORTLAND [MAINE] PRESS HERALD" PONDERS THE POLITICAL RAMIFICATIONS OF SENATOR NUNN'S IMPENDING DEPARTURE.

    VOICE: "IN THE ONCE 'SOLID ["DEMOCRAT" IS UNDERSTOOD IN THIS SAYING] SOUTH,' BULWARK OF DEMOCRATS SINCE THE CIVIL WAR, 59 OF 101 HOUSE SEATS NOW ARE HELD BY REPUBLICANS. SO ARE 12 OF 22 SENATE SEATS, AND FIVE OF THE AREAS GOVERNORSHIPS. ARE WE LOOKING AT A WATERSHED IN SOUTHERN POLITICS? YES, SAY REGIONAL EXPERTS. BUT FOR MEANING, WE'D DO WELL TO LISTEN, TOO, TO MARSHALL WILLIAMS, A SMALLTOWN GEORGIA VOTER. 'IT'S NOT THAT I LOVE THE REPUBLICANS MORE. IT'S THAT I LOVE THE DEMOCRATS LESS,' WILLIAMS SAYS. DIRGE OR MARCH ... IT'S THE NEW SONG OF THE SOUTH. "

    TEXT: AND IN FLORIDA, "THE MIAMI HERALD" SAYS OF MR. NUNN:

    VOICE: "...AMID THE POSTURING AND BLUSTER, AMERICANS ARE ENTITLED TO A TEMPERING WISDOM IN THE SENATE, A TASTE FOR INQUIRY AND LEARNING..... THESE DAYS, THEY'D NEED A RICH IMAGINATION TO SEE MUCH OF THAT. WITHOUT SAM NUNN ON CAPITOL HILL, THEIR IMAGINATION WILL HAVE TO STRETCH ALL THE FURTHER."

    TEXT: IN GEORGIA, LEAD EDITORIAL IN "THE ATLANTA CONSTITUTION" DECRIES THE PROBLEM OF WIFE ABUSE, A SUBJECT RENEWED NATIONAL ATTENTION AND CONCERN IN THE AFTERMATH OF THE O-J SIMPSON ACQUITTAL.

    VOICE: "THE EXPRESSION 'PULLING AN O-J' ONCE MEANT RUNNING THROUGH AN AIRPORT TO CATCH A PLANE, AS O-J SIMPSON USED TO DO IN HIS FAMOUS .... RENTAL CAR COMMERCIALS. BUT FOR MILLIONS OF AMERICAN WOMEN WHO FEAR FOR THEIR LIVES, 'PULLING AN O-J' HAS TAKEN ON A MORE OMINOUS MEANING... ALREADY, BATTERED WOMEN'S ADVOCATES IN GEORGIA REPORT A NEW KIND OF THREAT FROM MEN EMBOLDENED BY THE SIMPSON CASE... 'YOU'RE GOING TO END UP LIKE NICOLE (SIMPSON),' OR 'I'M GOING TO O-J YOU'... THE SIMPSON TRIAL OUGHT TO INSPIRE RENEWED COMMITMENT TOWARD WOMEN WHO ARE VICTIMIZED BY THE MEN THEY LOVE."

    TEXT: AS A POST-SCRIPT TO TUESDAY'S MEETING AT THE WHITE HOUSE BETWEEN MEXICAN PRESIDENT ERNESTO ZEDILLO AND PRESIDENT CLINTON, TODAY'S "NEW YORK TIMES" LEADS WITH AN EDITORIAL ENTITLED "MEXICO'S POLITICAL CRISIS". THE PAPER COMMENTS ON THE POLITICAL INSTABILITY THAT IS HINDERING A FULL ECONOMIC RECOVERY IN MEXICO.

    VOICE: "TWO YEARS OF UPHEAVAL IN MEXICO HAS CRACKED A ONCE-MONOLITHIC POLITICAL ESTABLISHMENT, BUT THE TRANSITION FORM AUTHORITARIANISM TO DEMOCRACY IS INCOMPLETE. PRESIDENT ERNESTO ZEDILLO, WHO MET WITH PRESIDENT CLINTON YESTERDAY, HAS DEMONSTRATED MORE COMMITMENT TO POLITICAL REFORM THAN ANY RECENT MEXICAN LEADER. BUT HE HAS RUN INTO STRONG OPPOSITION WITHIN HIS OWN, RULING PARTY... THOUGH THROWN OFF BALANCE BY AN INHERITED FINANCIAL CRISIS, HE TOOK PROMISING EARLY STEPS TO CLEANSE THE POLITICAL SYSTEM... BUT MEXICO STILL HAS A LONG WAY TO GO. JUDGES ARE NOT INDEPENDENT. POLICE TORTURE OF SUSPECTS IS COMMON. RECENTLY THE ASSASSINATION INVESTIGATIONS HAVE STALLED. OPPOSITION FROM RULING PARTY BARONS MAY BE JUST TOO POWERFUL. MR. ZEDILLO MUST BREAK THROUGH THIS IMPASSE... THERE IS NOT MUCH TIME LEFT FOR MEXICO TO GET IT RIGHT."

    [OPT]

    TEXT: ON A RELATED SUBJECT, TODAY'S "CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR" PLEADS FOR EVERYONE TO GIVE THE NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT (NAFTA) SOME MORE TIME TO TAKE FULL EFFECT.

    VOICE: "ONE NEED ONLY LOOK AT WHAT GATT TRADE STIMULUS HAS DONE FOR STANDARDS OF LIVING IN MUCH OF THE WORLD IN THE PAST HALF CENTURY TO REALIZE THAT LOWER TARIFFS AND LARGER MARKETS EVENTUALLY BENEFIT FAR MORE PEOPLE THAN ARE HURT BY READJUSTMENTS IN INDIVIDUAL BUSINESSES TO MEET OUTSIDE COMPETITION. NAFTA IS LESS THAN TWO YEARS OLD. ... THERE IS LONGER-RUN COMFORT IN THE LESSONS FROM THE EARLIER GERMAN AND JAPANESE EXPORT MIRACLES. THOSE HAD THE ADVANTAGE OF BEING 'STEALTH' ECONOMIC MIRACLES - - STARTED WITHOUT BALLYHOO [EXTENSIVE PUBLICITY]. NAFTA DESERVES SIMILAR TIME TO PERFORM."

    [END OPT]

    TEXT: IN CALIFORNIA, "THE LOS ANGELES TIMES"IS CONCERNED ABOUT THE SLOW PACE OF REFORM TO RID CHINA OF INTELLECTUAL PIRATES.

    VOICE: "DESPITE CHINA'S AGREEMENT LAST SPRING TO CRACK DOWN ON THE WIDE-SCALE AND COSTLY THEFT OF AMERICAN SOFTWARE, C-DS AND THE LIKE -- SO-CALLED INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY -- U-S OFFICIALS SAY THE PIRACY ... IS GROWING, WITH COUNTERFEITING OF COMPACT DISCS ALONE HAVING DOUBLED IN THE LAST SIX MONTHS. [OPT] ..... A MAJOR PROBLEM IN TRYING TO GET CHINA TO CRACK DOWN ON THE THEFT OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY IS THAT THE CHINESE GOVERNMENT ITSELF IS KNOWN TO BE A MAJOR USER OF THE STOLEN GOODS... CHINA'S FAILURE TO ENFORCE THE ANTI-PIRACY AGREEMENT REPRESENTS ONLY THE MOST RECENT ADDITION TO A DISTURBINGLY LENGHTY LIST OF ISSUES THAT VEX ITS RELATIONS WITH THE UNITED STATES. [END OPT] ... CHINA HAS MADE AN AGREEMENT TO PROTECT U-S INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS. IF IT FAILS TO HONOR THAT AGREEMENT, IT WILL BE ALL BUT [VIRTUALLY] IMPOSSIBLE FOR WASHINGTON NOT TO TAKE PUNITIVE MEASURES."

    TEXT: AND ON THAT NOTE CONCERN FROM "THE LOS ANGELES TIMES", WE CONCLUDE THIS BRIEF SAMPLING OF U-S EDITORIAL OPINION ON SOME OF THE DAY'S MAJOR TOPICS.

    NEB/ANG/PCH

    11-Oct-95 11:11 AM EDT (1511 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [02] !!! VOA DAILY BOSNIA REPORT - OCTOBER 11, 1995 !!!

    DATE=10/11/95
    TYPE=ADVISORY
    CONTENT=

    VOA DAILY BOSNIA REPORT - 10/11/95

    THE FOLLOWING IS A SYNOPSIS OF SIGNIFICANT REPORTING ON BOSNIA BY THE VOICE OF AMERICA THAT HAD BEEN BROADCAST OR FIRMLY SCHEDULED AT THE TIME OF PUBLICATION. THIS SELECTION IS NOT INTENDED TO BE EXHAUSTIVE, AND DOES NOT INCLUDE LATE-BREAKING NEWS OR THE MANY REPORTS IN ALL VOA LANGUAGES THAT ARE BASED ON COMMERCIAL WIRE SERVICES OR OTHER SECONDARY SOURCES. WE REGRET THAT WE CANNOT RESPOND TO REQUESTS FOR TRANSCRIPTS OF SPECIFIC BROADCASTS OR PROGRAM SEGMENTS. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT VOA, OFFICE OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS. TELEPHONE: +1-202-619-2538. ELECTRONIC MAIL: LETTERS@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE FROM OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES); LETTERS-USA@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE WITHIN THE UNITED STATES).

    REPORTS BY VOA NEWS SERVICES:

    BOSNIA / FIGHTING -- ANOTHER SERB-HELD TOWN IN NORTHWESTERN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA HAS FALLEN TO GOVERNMENT OR CROAT FORCES. GOVERNMENT TROOPS ARE SAID TO BE CONTINUING THEIR ADVANCE IN THE AREA HOURS BEFORE A DELAYED CEASEFIRE IN BOSNIA MAY FINALLY GO INTO EFFECT. CORRESPONDENT WAYNE COREY REPORTS. (10/11)

    BOSNIA / CEASEFIRE -- UN OFFICIALS SAY INCREASED ELECTRICITY SUPPLIES WILL REACH SARAJEVO WEDNESDAY, CLEARING THE WAY FOR A BOSNIA-WIDE TRUCE TO BEGIN. THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT HAS PROPOSED A THURSDAY START TO THE CEASEFIRE. BUT, AFTER TWO DAYS OF DELAY WHILE HEAVY FIGHTING CONTINUED IN NORTHERN BOSNIA, IT IS STILL NOT CERTAIN WHEN THE TRUCE WILL BEGIN. STRINGER DAVID FOLEY REPORTS FROM SARAJEVO. (10/11)

    GERMANY / BOSNIA -- GERMAN CHANCELLOR HELMUT KOHL IS REPORTED TO HAVE DECIDED TO OFFER AS MANY AS FIVE THOUSAND TROOPS FOR THE INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING FORCE BEING SET UP FOR BOSNIA. CORREPONDENT KYLE KING REPORTED FROM BONN. (10/11)

    US / BOSNIA -- US PEACE ENVOY RICHARD HOLBROOKE ACKNOWLEDGED THAT PEACE REMAINS A LONG WAY OFF IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. STAFFER VICTOR BEATTIE REPORTS MR. HOLBROOKE AND DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY SAY ONCE A NATO PEACEKEEPING FORCE IS IN PLACE IN BOSNIA IT WILL BE RESPECTED BY ALL WARRING PARTIES. (10/11)

    NATO / BOSNIA FORCE -- SENIOR OFFICIALS OF NATO CONVENE WEDNESDAY IN BRUSSELS TO APPROVE AN OUTLINE OF PLANS TO SEND A NATO-LED FORCE OF AS MANY AS 60-THOUSAND TROOPS TO POLICE A FUTURE PEACE SETTLEMENT IN BOSNIA. QUESTIONS OF US CONGRESSIONAL FUNDING OF THE OPERATION, AND RUSSIAN PARTICIPATION REMAIN UNRESOLVED. CORRESPONDENT DAVID GOLLUST REPORTS. (10/10)

    BOSNIA / FIGHTING -- A STRATEGIC SERB-HELD TOWN IN NORTHWESTERN BOSNIA HAS BEEN CAPTURED BY BOSNIAN CROAT OR CROATIAN ARMY TROOPS, AND ANOTHER SERB TOWN MAY BE IN DANGER OF FALLING TO BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT OR CROAT FORCES. CORRESPONDENT WAYNE COREY REPORTS. (10/10)

    BOSNIA / CEASE-FIRE -- A CEASE-FIRE IN BOSNIA HAS BEEN DELAYED FOR A SECOND STRAIGHT DAY AFTER THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT SAID NOT ENOUGH ELECTRICITY WAS COMING INTO SARAJEVO. UN OFFICIALS SAY URGENT REPAIRS WILL BE MADE TO BRING MORE ELECTRICAL POWER INTO THE CITY, AND THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT HAS SAID THE CEASE-FIRE SHOULD NOW START ON THURSDAY MORNING. BOSNIAN SERB OFFICIALS HAVE SAID THEY MUST CONSULT WITH THEIR GOVERNMENT BEFORE THE OFFER CAN BE ACCEPTED. CORRESPONDENT DAVID FOLEY REPORTS. (10/10)

    HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH / UNPROFOR CRITICISM -- REPORTER JOHN PITMAN SPEAKS TO HOLLY CARTNER, THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH-HELSINKI, ABOUT A NEW HRW REPORT WHICH CRITICIZES THE UN PEACEKEEPING MISSION'S ACTIONS DURING THE SERB OFFENSIVE AGAINST SREBRENICA LAST JULY. THE REPORT SAYS THE UN KNEW ABOUT THE OFFENSIVE BEFORE IT HAPPENED, FAILED TO REINFORCE ITS TROOPS ONCE IT BEGAN, AND DID NOT DISCLOSE EVIDENCE ABOUT ATROCITIES ITS TROOPS WITNESSED AFTER THE CITY FELL. (ENGLISH NEWS PROGRAMS 10/10)

    BOSNIA / CEASE-FIRE / TALK TO AMERICA -- AFTER A TWO DAY DELAY, BOSNIAN SERBS AND THE MUSLIM GOVERNMENT OF BOSNIA HERZEGOVINA MADE A NEW COMMITTMENT TO A CEASE-FIRE JUST AS 'TALK TO AMERICA' WENT ON THE AIR WEDNESDAY. SARAJEVO REPORTER DAVID FOLEY EXPLAINS LATE-BREAKING DEVELOPMENTS. ADMIRAL JACK SHANAHAN OF THE CENTER FOR DEFENSE INFORMATION, PHIL ARNOLD, THE SPOKESMAN FOR UNPROFOR IN ZAGREB, CROATIA, AND LT. GEN. MANFRED EISELE FROM UNPROFOR HEADQUARTERS IN NEW YORK DISCUSSED THE FUTURE OF PEACE IN THE REGION. (ENGLISH 10/11)

    YUGOSLAVIA / KRAJINA REFUGEES -- STRINGER JADRANKA KRONJA REPORTS FROM BELGRADE ON THE LATEST MILITARY MOBILIZATION OF REFUGEES WHO FLED FROM KRAJINA TO SERBIA TWO MONTHS AGO. THE BELGRADE HELSINKI COMMITTEE PROTESTED AGAINST THE MOBILIZATION. (CROATIAN 10/10)

    CROATIAN OPPOSITION / TV BAN -- CROATIAN TELEVISION BANNED THE BROADCAST OF THE MAIN OPPOSITION ELECTION CAMPAIGN ADD, SAYING THAT FACTS PRESENTED ARE FALSE. STRINGER SLAVICA LUKIC REPORTS FROM ZAGREB ON THE REASONS FOR BAN AND THE CROATIAN SOCIAL-LIBERAL PARTY REACTION TO GOVERNMENT CENSORSHIP. (CROATIAN 10/10)

    BOSNIAN SERBS / THREAT -- BELGRADE STRINGER JADRANKA KRONJA REPORTS THAT BOSNIAN SERB GENERALS THREATENED TO SHELL CROATIA IF CROAT FORCES CONTINUE THEIR OFFENSIVE IN NORTHERN BOSNIA. (CROATIAN 10/10)

    WORLD BANK / FORMER YUGO -- STAFFER DZENITA MEHIC INTERVIEWS KEMAL DERVISH, DIRECTOR OF THE WORLD BANK EASTERN EUROPE DEPARTMENT. MR DERVISH DISCUSSED THE ECONOMIC FUTURE OF BALKAN STATES AND STRESSED THAT ECONOMIC AID DEPENDS ON THE SUCCESS OF THE PEACE PROCESS. (CROATIAN 10/10)

    UNPROFOR / CEASE-FIRE -- UN REPRESENTATIVES IN SARAJEVO ESTIMATE THAT THE CEASE-FIRE IN BOSNIA WILL SOON TAKE EFFECT BECAUSE ALL CONDITIONS ARE MET. HOWEVER, BOSNIAN PRESIDENT A. IZETBEGOVIC MADE ANOTHER DEMAND, THE REMOVAL OF A SERBIAN CHECKPOINT ON THE ROAD LEADING TO KISELJAK. STRINGER BORO KONTIC REPORTS FROM SARAJEVO. (SERBIAN 10/10)

    TUDJMAN / CAMPAIGN -- IN THE FIRST CAMPAIGN APPEARANCE FOR THE PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS, CROATIAN PRESIDENT F TUDJMAN DESCRIBED CROATIA AS ONE OF THE COUNTRIES OF EUROPE WITH THE GREATEST PROSPECTS FOR THE FUTURE. BUT, IN A LETTER TO THE CROATIAN PRESIDENT, THE LEADER OF ISTRIAN DEMOCRATIC UNION, IVAN JAKOVCIC CLAIMED THAT CROATIA IS BECOMING A TOTALITARIAN STATE. STRINGER STEVICA SUSA REPORTS FROM ZAGREB. (SERBIAN 10/10)

    CROATIA / EASTERN SLAVONIA -- ACCORDING TO ONE SERBIAN PARTICIPANT, THE ZAGREB TALKS BETWEEN CROATIAN GOVERNMENT AND SERBS FROM EASTERN SLAVONIA HAVE FAILED. STRINGER DUSAN MASIC REPORTS FROM BELGRADE. (SERBIAN 10/10)

    AKASHI / REPLACEMENT -- UN SECRETARY GENERAL BOUTROS GHALI INFORMED THE SECURITY COUNCIL OF HIS DECISION TO REPLACE YASUSHI AKASHI AS A SPECIAL CIVILIAN REPRESENTATIVE FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. HIS DUTIES WILL BE TAKEN OVER BY UN UNDERSECRETARY FOR PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS, KOFI ANAN. STRINGER DRAGISA BOSKOVIC REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (SERBIAN 10/10)

    BRITAIN / BOSNIA -- BRITISH FOREIGN SECRETARY MALCOLM RIFKIND ANNOUNCED THAT BRITAIN PLANS TO ORGANIZE AN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON BOSNIA. HE SAID THAT SUCH A GATHERING ON BOSNIA SHOULD MAKE SURE THAT THE PEACE IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS AND THE RECONSTRUCTION OF THE COUNTRY START BEFORE, AS HE PUT IT, THE INK ON THE DOCUMENT DRIES. STRINGER RIALDA SEBEK REPORTS. (SERBIAN 10/10)

    BOSNIA / CEASE-FIRE -- STRINGER SAMIR HASSAN REPORTS ON THE LATEST DEVELOPMENTS REGARDING THE CEASE-FIRE IN BOSNIA. (ARABIC 10/10) 11-Oct-95 6:40 PM EDT (2240 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [03] BOSNIA/ CEASE-FIRE (L-UPDATE) BY DAVID FOLEY (SARAJEVO)

    DATE=10/10/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-186678
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: A CEASE-FIRE IN BOSNIA HAS BEEN DELAYED FOR A SECOND STRAIGHT DAY AFTER THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT SAID NOT ENOUGH ELECTRICITY WAS COMING IN TO SARAJEVO. U-N OFFICIALS SAY URGENT REPAIRS WILL BE MADE TO BRING MORE ELECTRICAL POWER INTO THE CITY, AND THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT HAS SAID THE CEASE-FIRE SHOULD NOW START ON THURSDAY MORNING. BOSNIAN SERB OFFICIALS HAVE SAID THEY MUST CONSULT WITH THEIR GOVERNMENT BEFORE THE OFFER CAN BE ACCEPTED. DAVID FOLEY REPORTS FROM SARAJEVO.

    TEXT: THE CEASE-FIRE WAS FIRST DUE TO COME INTO EFFECT ON TUESDAY MORNING, BUT WAS DELAYED AFTER GAS SUPPLIES FAILED TO ARRIVE IN SARAJEVO IN TIME, BUT WITH THAT PROBLEM SOLVED THE TRUCE HAS NOW BEEN POSTPONED FOR AT LEAST ANOTHER 24 HOURS, AFTER THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT SAID TOO LITTLE ELECTRICITY WAS COMING INTO THE CITY.

    BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT AND BOSNIAN SERB OFFICIALS MET ON TUESDAY EVENING FOR THREE HOURS AT THE U-N CONTROLLED AIRPORT IN AN EFFORT TO HAMMER OUT A DEAL. U-N OFFICIALS SAY THE TALKS WERE VERY DIFFICULT, AND AT FIRST THE SIDES REFUSED TO EVEN SIT IN THE SAME ROOM. EVENTUALLY EVERYONE WAS GATHERED AROUND ONE TABLE, BUT IT PROVED IMPOSSIBLE TO AVOID ANOTHER DELAY.

    BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS COMPLAIN SARAJEVO IS NOW RECEIVING ONLY ABOUT 20 MEGAWATTS OF ELECTRIC POWER, WHILE IN MAY THIS YEAR, WHEN THE BOSNIAN SERBS CUT THE ELECTRICITY, THE CITY WAS RECEIVING BETWEEN 30 AND 40 MEGAWATTS. U-N OFFICIALS SAY URGENT REPAIRS ON A THIRD ELECTRICAL LINE INTO THE CITY WILL TAKE PLACE ON WEDNESDAY. THE BOSNIAN SERBS ALSO COMPLAINED THAT THE SERB CONTROLLED NEIGHBORHOOD OF GRBAVICA, ALMOST IN THE HEART OF SARAJEVO, WAS NOT RECEIVING ELECTRICITY, AND THE U-N ALSO PROMISED TO REPAIR AN ELECTRICAL LINE FROM GOVERNMENT TERRITORY TO THE AREA ON WEDNESDAY.

    ONCE THAT PROBLEM WAS ADDRESSED THE GOVERNMENT REPRESENTATIVES PROPOSED THE TRUCE SHOULD START AT ONE MINUTE AFTER MIDNIGHT ON THURSDAY MORNING, BUT THE BOSNIAN SERB REPRESENTATIVES, WHO HAD BEEN PREPARED TO AGREE TO THE START OF A CEASE-FIRE ON MONDAY AND TUESDAY NIGHTS, REFUSED TO AGREE TO THE PROPOSAL. ACCORDING TO U-N OFFICIALS THE BOSNIAN SERBS SAID THEY WOULD CONSULT WITH THEIR GOVERNMENT AND WOULD DELIVER THEIR ANSWER ON WEDNESDAY EVENING.

    AFTER THE ON AGAIN, OFF AGAIN EXPERIENCE OF THE LAST FEW DAY, IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO SAY WHAT THE PROSPECTS REALLY ARE FOR THE TRUCE, AND IT REMAINS TO BE SEEN IF NEW PROBLEMS OR OBJECTIONS WILL ARISE TO CREATE FURTHER DELAYS. (SIGNED)

    NEB/DF/BD/LWM
    10-Oct-95 8:51 PM EDT (0051 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [04] BOSNIA/GERMANY (L ONLY) BY KYLE KING ( BONN )

    DATE=10/11/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-186710
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: GERMAN CHANCELLOR HELMUT KOHL IS REPORTED TO HAVE DECIDED TO OFFER AS MANY AS FIVE-THOUSAND TROOPS FOR THE INTERNATIONAL PEACE FORCE THAT WILL BE SENT TO BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA IF A DIPLOMATIC SETTLEMENT IS REACHED. FROM BONN, V-O-A'S KYLE KING REPORTS.

    TEXT: SOURCES CLOSE TO THE KOHL GOVERNMENT SAY THE CHANCELLOR HAS DECIDED TO OFFER BETWEEN TWO-THOUSAND AND FIVE THOUSAND TROOPS TO THE INTERNATIONAL PEACE FORCE. THE EXACT NUMBER AND TYPE OF TROOPS THAT WILL MAKE UP THE FORCE WILL NOT BE KNOWN UNTIL THE PEACE PLAN IS FINALIZED. GERMAN NEWS REPORTS SAY MOST OF THE TROOPS ARE EXPECTED TO BE FROM LOGISTIC AND TRANSPORTATION UNITS, WHICH WILL PROBABLY BE STATIONED IN CROATIA. FEW GERMAN TROOPS ARE EXPECTED TO BE STATIONED IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. ANALYSTS SAY ALLOWING GERMAN TROOPS TO TAKE PART IN SUCH A MISSION WILL BE A SIGNIFICANT STEP FOR THE KOHL GOVERNMENT. THE CHANCELLOR'S DECISION TO OFFER GROUND FORCES FOLLOWED CONSULTATIONS WITH FOREIGN MINISTER KLAUS KINKEL AND DEFENSE MINISTER VOLKER RUEHE, WHO HAS SAID THE TROOPS WOULD FACE UNACCEPTABLE RISK OF ATTACKS BY SERBS. ALTHOUGH GERMANY HAS STATIONED WARPLANES IN ITALY TO BACK UP NATO FORCES IN BOSNIA, CHANCELLOR KOHL HAS BEEN RELUCTANT TO SEND GROUND FORCES INTO THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA, WHERE NAZI TROOPS COMMITTED ATROCITIES AGAINST SERBS IN WORLD WAR TWO. A FINAL DECISION WILL HAVE TO BE APPROVED BY PARLIAMENT, BUT SENIOR OFFICIALS HAVE EXPRESSED CONFIDENCE THEY HAVE THE VOTES FOR PASSAGE. (SIGNED)

    NEB/KBK/MH/RAE
    11-Oct-95 11:44 AM EDT (1544 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [05] BOSNIA/SARAJEVO (S) BY DAVID FOLEY ( SARAJEVO )

    DATE=10/11/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-186697
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: U-N OFFICIALS SAY INCREASED ELECTRICITY SUPPLIES WILL ARRIVE IN SARAJEVO ON WEDNESDAY, CLEARING THE WAY FOR A BOSNIA-WIDE TRUCE TO BEGIN. THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT HAS PROPOSED A THURSDAY MORNING START TO THE CEASE-FIRE, BUT AFTER TWO DAYS OF DELAY WHILE HEAVY FIGHTING CONTINUED IN NORTHERN BOSNIA, IT IS STILL NOT CERTAIN WHEN THE CEASE-FIRE WILL BEGIN. DAVID FOLEY REPORTS FROM SARAJEVO.

    TEXT: AFTER THE SECOND STRAIGHT DAY OF DELAYS BY THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT, U-N OFFICIALS SAY ALL CONDITIONS SHOULD SOON BE SET FOR THE TRUCE TO GO AHEAD. ON TUESDAY, THE STICKING POINT WAS THE LEVEL OF ELECTRICITY SUPPLIES, BUT THE U-N'S MILITARY SPOKESMAN IN SARAJEVO, LIEUTENANT COLONEL CHRIS VERNON, SAYS THAT PROBLEM SHOULD BE SOLVED WITHIN HOURS.

    /// ACT - VERNON ///

    GAS HAS BEEN RESTORED IN SARAJEVO TO ITS PREVIOUS LEVEL, AND IN TERMS OF ELECTRICITY, THERE ARE NOW 20 MEGAWATTS COMING IN TO EACH SIDE OF THE CITY. LAST MAY, THE BOSNIAN SIDE WAS RECEIVING BETWEEN 30 TO 40 MEGAWATTS, AND THIS AMOUNT SHOULD BE AVAILABLE TODAY.

    ///END ACT///

    BUT U-N OFFICIALS ALSO ADMIT THE DELAYS COULD SIMPLY BE A PRETEXT TO ALLOW FOR FURTHER GOVERNMENT ARMY GAINS ON THE BATTLEFIELD IN NORTHERN BOSNIA. THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT HAS OFFERED TO BEGIN THE TRUCE AT ONE MINUTE AFTER MIDNIGHT ON THURSDAY MORNING AND THE BOSNIAN SERB RESPONSE TO THAT PROPOSAL IS EXPECTED WITHIN HOURS. (SIGNED)

    NEB/DF/MH/MMK
    11-Oct-95 9:05 AM EDT (1305 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [06] BOSNIA SITREP (L) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)

    DATE=10/11/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-186709
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: ANOTHER SERB-HELD TOWN IN NORTHWESTERN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA HAS FALLEN TO GOVERNMENT OR CROAT FORCES. THE SOUTHERNMOST DEFENSES OF THE LARGEST SERB TOWN IN BOSNIA HAVE BEEN SHELLED, AND THE SERB ARMY HAS ORDERED THAT TOWN TO BE DEFENDED AT ALL COSTS. V-O-A'S CENTRAL EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENT, WAYNE COREY, REPORTS.

    TEXT: THE BOSNIAN ARMY SAYS IT HAS CAPTURED THE TOWN OF SANSKI MOST AS GOVERNMENT FORCES CONTINUE TO ADVANCE IN NORTHWESTERN BOSNIA WITH ETHNIC CROAT AND CROATIAN ARMY SUPPORT.

    AFTER SANSKI MOST CAME UNDER HEAVY SHELLING ATTACK, ITS SERB DEFENDERS AND LOCAL RESIDENTS ABANDONED THE TOWN. THE SERBS SAY THEIR FORCES WITHDREW TO MORE SUITABLE TACTICAL LOCATIONS.

    SANSKI MOST IS ON A MAIN ROAD, 40-KILOMETERS WEST OF THE BIGGEST SERB TOWN IN BOSNIA, BANJA LUKA. BOSNIAN CROAT OR CROATIAN ARMY TROOPS EARLIER CAPTURED MRKONJIC GRAD, A SERB TOWN 40-KILOMETERS SOUTH OF BANJA LUKA.

    GOVERNMENT OR CROAT FORCES ARE NOW BEGINNING TO PUT MILITARY PRESSURE ON BANJA LUKA. ITS SOUTHERNMOST DEFENSE LINES HAVE BEEN SHELLED.

    THE SERB ARMY COMMAND HAS ORDERED BANJA LUKA TO BE DEFENDED AT ALL COSTS. THE FALL OF THE TOWN WOULD BE A POTENTIALLY CATASTROPHIC BLOW TO SERB HOPES OF MAINTAINING AN ECONOMICALLY, GEOGRAPHICALLY, AND POLITICALLY VIABLE SERB REPUBLIC.

    IT REMAINS TO BE SEEN IF THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT WILL ACCEPT A NEW REPUBLIC-WIDE CEASEFIRE WHILE ITS FORCES ARE DOING WELL ON THE BATTLEFIELDS IN NORTHWESTERN BOSNIA. MEANWHILE, THE DEPUTY SERB-ARMY COMMANDER, GENERAL MILAN GVERO, HAS BLAMED SERB POLITICAL LEADERS FOR THE LOSS OF TERRITORY DURING THE PAST FEW WEEKS.

    APPARENTLY REFERRING TO SOME KIND OF SECRET POLITICAL DEAL TO GIVE UP TERRITORY, GENERAL GVERO SAYS NOTHING IN HISTORY CAN REMAIN HIDDEN FROM THE PUBLIC. (SIGNED)

    NEB/WC/JWH/RAE
    11-Oct-95 11:30 AM EDT (1530 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [07] BOSNIA SITUATION (S) BY WAYNE COREY ( VIENNA )

    DATE=10/11/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-186689
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: ANOTHER SERB-HELD TOWN IN NORTHWESTERN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA HAS FALLEN TO MUSLIM-LED GOVERNMENT OR CROAT FORCES. V-O-A'S CENTRAL EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENT, WAYNE COREY, REPORTS GOVERNMENT TROOPS ARE SAID TO BE CONTINUING THEIR ADVANCE IN THE AREA.

    TEXT: GOVERNMENT-CONTROLLED SARAJEVO RADIO SAYS UNITS OF THE BOSNIAN ARMY'S SEVENTH CORPS HAVE TAKEN THE TOWN OF SANSKI MOST AND A WIDE AREA AROUND IT. THE SERB DEFENDERS AND RESIDENTS OF THE TOWN ABANDONED IT BEFORE GOVERNMENT TROOPS AND, POSSIBLY, BOSNIAN-CROAT FORCES, MOVED IN. SANSKI MOST IS ON A MAIN ROAD WEST OF THE SERBS' LARGEST TOWN, BANJA LUKA. THE STRATEGICALLY IMPORTANT TOWN OF MRKONJIC GRAD, SOUTH OF BANJA LUKA, WAS CAPTURED EARLIER BY BOSNIAN CROAT OR CROATIAN ARMY TROOPS. SARAJEVO RADIO SAYS BOSNIAN-ARMY SOLDIERS ARE CONTINUING TO ADVANCE IN THE AREA. THE RADIO DOES NOT SAY WHAT THEIR NEXT OBJECTIVE MAY BE. ANY SERIOUS THREAT TO BANJA LUKA WOULD FORCE THE SERBS TO DIVERT TROOPS FROM OTHER REGIONS THAT WOULD THEN BE MORE VULNERABLE TO MUSLIM OR CROAT ATTACKS. BUT THE SERBS ARE EXPECTED TO BE PREPARED, IF NECESSARY, TO DEFEND BANJA LUKA AT ALL COSTS. (SIGNED)

    NEB/WC/MH/RAE
    11-Oct-95 7:43 AM EDT (1143 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [08] BRITISH RECORD / BOSNIA BY ANDRE DE NESNERA (LONDON)

    DATE=10/11/95
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-31336
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PROCEEDS FROM AN ALBUM BY BRITISH ROCK GROUPS WILL GO TO A CHARITY HELPING CHILDREN IN WAR-TORN BOSNIA. THE ALBUM -- RELEASED LAST MONTH -- HAS GROSSED MORE THAN THREE AND ONE HALF MILLION DOLLARS. VOA CORRESPONDENT ANDRE DE NESNERA REPORTS FROM LONDON THE ALBUM IS EXPECTED TO BE RELEASED IN THE UNITED STATES NEXT WEEK.

    TEXT: // CUT OF GROUP OASIS SINGING "FADE AWAY" //

    WHEN NOEL GALLAGHER AND HIS GROUP "OASIS" RECORD IN A LONDON STUDIO IT IS NOT CONSIDERED AN EVENT. BEING A ROCK AND ROLL ARTIST, GOING IN AND OUT OF A RECORDING SESSION IS PART OF HIS JOB.

    BUT AT THE BEGINNING OF LAST MONTH, GALLAGHER AND "OASIS" WERE PART OF AN ENTERPRISE BRINGING TOGETHER 18 OTHER POPULAR BRITISH STARS. THE IDEA WAS TO RECORD A COMPACT DISC IN 24 HOURS, RELEASE IT IN LESS THAN A WEEK, AND HAVE ALL THE PROCEEDS GO TO A CHARITY HELPING BOSNIAN CHILDREN -- A CHARITY KNOWN AS "WAR CHILD."

    THIS WAS THE BRAINCHILD OF EXECUTIVES FROM THE BRITISH RECORD COMPANY "GO! DISKS." TONY MCGHEE -- FROM "GO! DISKS" INTERNATIONAL DEPARTMENT -- SAYS ALL OF THE ARTISTS AGREED TO DONATE THEIR TIME.

    // MCGHEE ACT //

    IT IS ONE OF THOSE THINGS: PEOPLE REALIZED THAT THEY ACTUALLY COULD DO SOMETHING. PEOPLE FOUND THEMSELVES IN A POSITION HERE IN THE UNITED KINGDOM THAT THEY FELT IMPOTENT ALMOST TO WHAT WAS GOING ON IN BOSNIA. THIS WAS A CASE OF: WELL, WE HAVE GOT THE OPPORTUNITY TO DO SOMETHING. SO BEFORE WE KNEW IT, WE HAD "BLUR," "OASIS" -- AND ONCE YOU GET A COUPLE OF THE MAIN PLAYERS, THE REST TEND TO FOLLOW.

    // END ACT //

    IN ADDITION TO "BLUR" AND "OASIS" ARTISTS APPEARING ON THE COMPACT DISC -- ENTITLED "HELP" -- INCLUDE "THE STONE ROSES," SINEAD O'CONNOR, PAUL WELLER AND "SUEDE."

    MANY OF THE STARS RECORDED THEIR SONGS IN LONDON -- BUT OTHERS IN STUDIOS THROUGHOUT BRITAIN. SOME OF THE GROUPS WERE PERFORMING IN EUROPE -- SO THEY HAD TO RECORD THEIR TRACKS THERE AND SHIP THEM BY COURIER TO MAKE THE 24-HOUR DEADLINE.

    MR. MCGHEE SAYS PAUL WELLER AND "OASIS'" LEAD SINGER NOEL GALLAGHER WANTED TO RECORD A VERSION OF THE WELL-KNOWN BEATLES TUNE "COME TOGETHER" AT LONDON'S ABBEY ROAD STUDIOS. MR. MCGHEE SAYS PAUL WELLER WROTE EX-BEATLE PAUL MCCARTNEY ASKING HIM TO BE PART OF THE SESSION. (BRING IN "COME TOGETHER")

    // SECOND MCGHEE ACT //

    AND ON THE MONDAY WHEN THEY WERE IN STARTING THE RECORDING, PAUL MCCARTNEY ACTUALLY TURNED UP, READY TO DO BUSINESS WITH HIS GUITAR AND HIS TECHNICIANS -- AND HE JOINED IN. SO YOU HAD THREE GENERATIONS OF BRITISH MUSIC IN ONE SORT OF PRETTY INFAMOUS STUDIO -- PAUL MCCARTNEY FROM "THE BEATLES," PAUL WELLER AND NOEL GALLAGHER FROM "OASIS".

    // END ACT //

    LESS THAN A WEEK AFTER ALL THE SONGS WERE RECORDED, THE DISC "HELP" WAS RELEASED ON SEPTEMBER NINTH HERE IN BRITAIN. IN THE FIRST DAY IT SOLD 70-THOUSAND COPIES, BECOMING THE FASTEST SELLING ALBUM EVER, IMMEDIATELY CLIMBING TO THE TOP OF THE CHARTS. SO FAR, "HELP" HAS RAISED MORE THAN THREE AND A HALF MILLION DOLLARS FOR THE ORGANIZATION KNOWN AS "WAR CHILD" -- A CHARITY HELPING CHILDREN IN WAR-TORN BOSNIA. "HELP" WILL BE LAUNCHED IN THE UNITED STATES NEXT WEEK (OCTOBER 17TH) AND A SINGLE FROM THE ALBUM WILL BE RELEASED IN EUROPE IN LATE OCTOBER (OCTOBER 23RD). THE ALBUM'S PRODUCERS HOPE THIS WILL MEAN A LOT MORE MONEY FOR THE CHARITY "WAR CHILD." (SIGNED)

    NEB/ADEN/CF
    11-Oct-95 11:23 AM EDT (1523 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [09] CLINTON / BOSNIA (S&L) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)

    DATE=10/11/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-186740
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS WELCOMED THE AGREEMENT REACHED BY THE WARRING PARTIES TO THE CONFLICT IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA TO IMPLEMENT A COUNTRY-WIDE CEASE-FIRE, BEGINNING AT ONE MINUTE PAST MIDNIGHT THURSDAY MORNING BOSNIAN TIME. THE PRESIDENT IS CALLING ON ALL PARTIES TO ABIDE BY THE TERMS OF THE CEASE-FIRE, AND SEIZE THE OPPORTUNITY TO WORK OUT THEIR DIFFERENCES AT THE BARGAINING TABLE. MORE FROM V-O-A'S WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE.

    TEXT: THE PRESIDENT'S REACTION TO THE CEASE-FIRE WAS INCLUDED IN A WRITTEN STATEMENT ISSUED BY WHITE HOUSE PRESS SECRETARY MIKE MCCURRY.

    IT SAYS THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE CEASE-FIRE SHOULD GIVE FURTHER IMPETUS TO U-S AND INTERNATIONAL DIPLOMATIC EFFORTS TO COMPLETE A POLITICAL SETTLEMENT IN BOSNIA.

    THE STATEMENT SAYS FULFILLING THE CONDITIONS OF THE CEASE-FIRE IS AN IMPORTANT STEP TOWARD ENDING THE HARDSHIPS THAT RESIDENTS OF THE CAPITAL, SARAJEVO, HAVE HAD TO ENDURE THROUGHOUT THE CONFLICT.

    // OPT //

    IN THE STATEMENT, THE ADMINISTRATION EXPRESSED ITS APPRECIATION FOR RUSSIA'S AND HUNGARY'S EFFORTS TO RESOLVE THE PROBLEMS THAT DELAYED THE RESUMPTION OF NATURAL GAS DELIVERIES TO SARAJEVO, AND THE WORK OF THE U-N IN RESTORING ELECTRICITY TO THE CITY. // END OPT //

    THE BOSNIAN CEASE-FIRE WAS THE SUBJECT OF A TELEPHONE CONVERSATION BETWEEN PRESIDENT CLINTON AND GERMAN CHANCELLOR HELMUT KOHL TUESDAY NIGHT.

    MR. MCCURRY SAYS THE TWO MEN ALSO DISCUSSED PROGRESS TOWARD OVERALL PEACE TALKS AND QUESTIONS RELATED TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF A PEACE-KEEPING FORCE.

    MR. MCCURRY DECLINED TO SAY WHETHER THE PRESIDENT ASKED FOR GERMAN PARTICIPATION IN AN EVENTUAL NATO PEACEKEEPING MISSION, NOTING ONLY THEY HAD DISCUSSIONS ABOUT THE IMPORTANCE OF BOTH COUNTRIES CONTRIBUTING TO THE PEACE EFFORT. (SIGNED)

    NEB/DAT/PT
    11-Oct-95 5:53 PM EDT (2153 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [10] E.U. NUKES (S ONLY) BY JOHN FRASER (BRUSSELS)

    DATE=10/11/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-186730
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE EUROPEAN UNION HAS GIVEN THE FRENCH JUST UNDER TWO WEEKS, UNTIL MONDAY, OCTOBER 23RD, TO PROVIDE FULL INFORMATION ABOUT THEIR NUCLEAR TEST PROGRAM IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC. IF FRANCE FAILS TO SATISFY E-U OFFICIALS THAT ALL THE NECESSARY PRCAUTIONS HAVE BEEN TAKEN, THE FRENCH COULD THEMSELVES BE TAKEN BEFORE THE EUROPEAN COURT. JOHN FRASER REPORTS FOR VOA FROM BRUSSELS.

    TEXT: THERE IS A EUROPEAN TREATY CALLED EURATOM, WHICH SAYS THAT GOVERNMENTS WHICH ARE CONDUCTING DANGEROUS EXPERIMENTS MUST INFORM THE EUROPEAN UNION OF THE MEASURES THEY ARE TAKING TO SAFEGUARD PUBLIC HEALTH.

    EUROPEAN COMMISSION PRESIDENT JACQUES SANTER TOLD THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT THAT IN THE PAST, UNDERGROUND NUCLEAR TESTS HAVE NOT BEEN REGARDED AS DANGEROUS BUT HE ADMITTED THAT THE POLITICAL CLIMATE HAS CHANGED. THEREFORE, HE HAS ASKED THE FRENCH GOVERNMENT FOR FULL DETAILS OF THE NUCLEAR TESTS, INCLUDING RADIATION READINGS FROM THE FIRST TWO BLASTS IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC.

    DESPITE REPEATED REQUESTS, NOT ALL THE INFOMRATION WHICH HAS BEEN SOUGHT HAS BEEN RECEIVED.

    MR. SANTER AND OTHER EUROPEAN COMMISSIONERS WILL MEET ON THE 23RD OF THIS MONTH -- IN CRISIS SESSION -- TO ASSESS THE DATA. IF THEY DECIDE THAT THE FRENCH HAVE NOT DONE ENOUGH TO SAFEGUARD PUBLIC HEALTH, THEY COULD DECIDE TO LAUNCH LEGAL ACTION AGAINST PRESIDENT JACQUES CHIRAC'S GOVERNMENT. (SIGNED)

    NEB/JF/CF
    11-Oct-95 3:15 PM EDT (1915 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [11] GERMANY / BOSNIA (S) BY KYLE KING (BONN)

    DATE=10/11/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-186708
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: GERMAN CHANCELLOR HELMUT KOHL IS REPORTED TO HAVE DECIDED TO OFFER AS MANY AS FIVE THOUSAND TROOPS FOR THE INTERNATIONAL PEACE FORCE BEING SET UP FOR BOSNIA. V-O-A'S KYLE KING REPORTS FROM BONN.

    TEXT: SOURCES CLOSE TO THE KOHL GOVERNMENT SAY THE CHANCELLOR HAS DECIDED TO OFFER BETWEEN TWO THOUSAND AND FIVE THOUSAND TROOPS TO THE INTERNATIONAL PEACE FORCE. THE EXACT NUMBER AND TYPE OF TROOPS WILL NOT BE KNOWN UNTIL A PEACE PLAN IS FINALIZED.

    GERMAN NEWS REPORTS SAY MOST OF THE TROOPS ARE EXPECTED TO BE FROM LOGISTIC AND TRANSPORTATION UNITS, WHICH PROBABLY WILL BE STATIONED IN CROATIA. FEW GERMAN TROOPS ARE EXPECTED TO BE STATIONED IN BOSNIA ITSELF.

    ALTHOUGH GERMANY HAS STATIONED WARPLANES IN ITALY TO BACK UP NATO FORCES IN BOSNIA, EVEN CHANCELLOR KOHL HAS BEEN RELUCTANT TO SEND GROUND FORCES INTO THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA, WHERE NAZI TROOPS COMMITTED ATROCITIES AGAINST SERBS IN WORLD WAR TWO.

    MR. KOHL'S DECISION CAME AFTER CONSULTATIONS WITH FOREIGN MINISTER KLAUS KINKEL AND DEFENSE MINISTER VOLKER RUEHE, WHO ALSO HAS EXPRESSED CONCERN THAT GERMAN TROOPS WOULD FACE THE RISK OF ATTACK BY SERBS.

    A FINAL DECISION WILL STILL HAVE TO BE APPROVED BY PARLIAMENT. BUT SENIOR OFFICIALS HAVE EXPRESSED CONFIDENCE THEY HAVE THE VOTES. (SIGNED)

    NEB/KBK/JWH/BG
    11-Oct-95 11:26 AM EDT (1526 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [12] U-S/BOSNIA O'NITER (S ONLY) BY VICTOR BEATTIE (WASHINGTON )

    DATE=10/10/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: U-S PEACE ENVOY RICHARD HOLBROOKE ACKNOWLEDGES PEACE REMAINS A LONG WAY OFF IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. V-O-A'S VICTOR BEATTIE REPORTS MR. HOLBROOKE AND DEFENSE WILLIAM PERRY -- APPEARING ON SEPARATE INTERVIEW PROGRAMS -- SAY ONCE A NATO PEACEKEEPING FORCE IS IN PLACE IN BOSNIA IT WILL BE RESPECTED BY ALL WARRING PARTIES:

    TEXT: MR. HOLBROOKE SAYS DEPLOYMENT OF A NATO PEACEKEEPING FORCE WILL OCCUR ONLY AFTER ALL THREE WARRING PARTIES AGREE TO ALL OF WHAT HE CALLS A "TIGHTLY-WRITTEN" PEACE AGREEMENT. HE EXPECTS THAT TO BE A LONG AND DIFFICULT PROCESS.

    HE SAYS U-S PARTICIPATION IN PEACEKEEPING IN BOSNIA IS IN AMERICA'S NATIONAL INTEREST BUT ACKNOWLEDGES U-S TROOPS COULD BECOME ENGAGED IN FIGHTING. HOWEVER, HE INSISTS BOSNIA WILL NOT BECOME A MILITARY QUAGMIRE LIKE VIETNAM.

    ///HOLBROOKE ACT///

    THIS IS A BEDRAGGLED, END-OF-THE-ROAD MILITARY FORCE IN BOSNIA. UNLESS THE YUGOSLAV ARMY OF SERBIA ITSELF CAME IN TO SUPPORT THE BOSNIAN SERBS THIS IS A MANAGEABLE MILITARY PROBLEM.

    ///END ACT///

    MR. HOLBROOKE SAYS HE DOES NOT BELIEVE SERBIA WOULD BECOME DIRECTLY INVOLVED, BUT ADDS BELGRADE WOULD FACE WHAT HE CALLS "DIRE CIRCUMSTANCES" IF IT DOES.

    SECRETARY PERRY SAYS AN ACCORD IN THE BOSNIAN CONFLICT WILL GIVE THE PEACEKEEPERS A CLEAR MANDATE.

    ///PERRY ACT///

    FIRST OF ALL, TO ENFORCE THE SEPARATION (OF FORCES), TO ENFORCE THE BOUNDARIES AGREED UPON AND TO ENFORCE THE CEASE-FIRE. WE WILL HAVE A VERY SIZEABLE MILITARY FORCE THERE TO DO THAT.

    ///END ACT///

    MR. PERRY REMAINS CONFIDENT A SKEPTICAL CONGRESS WILL APPROVE FUNDING FOR U-S PARTICIPATION OF UP TO 20-THOUSAND TROOPS FOR AN OPERATION HE THINKS WILL LAST ABOUT ONE YEAR. (SIGNED).

    NEB/VB/GPT
    11-Oct-95 1:11 AM EDT (0511 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [13] U-S-BOSNIA (S) BY RON PEMSTEIN (STATE DEPARTMENT)

    DATE=10/11/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-186728
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE UNITED STATES IS EXPRESSING HOPE FOR THE BEGINNING OF THE BOSNIA CEASEFIRE BUT THE STATE DEPARTMENT IS WARNING THE SERBS AGAINST CARRYING OUT MORE ETHNIC CLEANSING AROUND BANJA LUKA IN NORTHERN BOSNIA. RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM THE STATE DEPARTMENT.

    TEXT: THE UNITED STATES BELIEVES THE TWICE-DELAYED CEASEFIRE HAS A BETTER CHANCE OF SURVIVAL BECAUSE AMERICAN CREDIBILITY IS TIED TO IT AS IS THE PROSPECT OF PEACE TALKS AT THE END OF THE MONTH.

    AT THE SAME TIME, THE STATE DEPARTMENT IS EXPRESSING CONCERN THAT SERBIAN FORCES AROUND THE TOWN OF BANJA LUKA ARE EXPELLING MUSLIMS AND CROATS FROM THEIR HOMES AND PEOPLE HAVE STARTED DISAPPEARING. THE UNITED STATES HAS CALLED ON SERBIA TO USE ITS INFLUENCE TO STOP THE ETHNIC CLEANSING AND POSSIBLE SUMMARY EXECUTIONS.

    STATE DEPARTMENT SPOKESMAN NICHOLAS BURNS SAYS THE SERBIAN GOVERNMENT'S ATTEMPT TO BLAME PARA-MILITARY FORCES LED BY ARKAN FOR THESE WAR CRIMES WILL NOT WORK.

    ///BURNS ACT///

    IT MAY BE THAT THE SERBIAN GOVERNMENT DOES NOT HAVE ABSOLUTE, MINUTE-BY-MINUTE, CONTROL OVER WHAT HAPPENS BUT IT CERTAINLY SHOULD BE ABLE TO EXERT SOME INFLUENCE ON THE BOSNIAN SERB MILITARY LEADERSHIP.

    ///END ACT///

    BOSNIAN SERB REPRESENTATIVES WILL BE INCLUDED IN THE DELEGATION SERBIAN PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC WILL BRING TO THE PEACE TALKS IN THE UNITED STATES AT THE END OF MONTH. (SIGNED)

    NEB/RP/JM
    11-Oct-95 3:06 PM EDT (1906 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [14] U-S / BOSNIA FORCE BY DAVID GOLLUST (PENTAGON)

    DATE=10/11/95
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-31350
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: WHILE THE NATO COUNCIL IN BRUSSELS HAS APPROVED -- IN OUTLINE -- THE CREATION OF A NEW MULTI-NATIONAL PEACE FORCE FOR BOSNIA, THE QUESTION OF RUSSIAN PARTICIPATION REMAINS AS A KEY PROBLEM PROBLEM ISSUE. AS V-O-A'S DAVID GOLLUST REPORTS FROM THE PENTAGON, MOSCOW IS RELUCTANT TO PLACE ITS TROOPS UNDER NATO COMMAND AND NATO SAYS IT WON'T COMPROMISE ON THE ISSUE..

    TEXT: THE CREATION OF THE PEACE FORCE IS BEING DESCRIBED AS NATO'S LARGEST-EVER MILITARY OPERATION -- WITH AS MANY AS 60-THOUSAND HEAVILY ARMED TROOPS EXPECTED TO BE DEPLOYED TO POLICE AN EVENTUAL BOSNIAN SETTLEMENT.

    BUT THE RUSH TO ASSEMBLE THE HUGE ORGANIZATION -- IN TIME FOR A PEACE ACCORD THAT COULD COME WITHIN WEEKS -- IS BEING COMPLICATED BY THE QUESTION OF HOW TO ACCOMMODATE RUSSIA'S DESIRE TO TAKE PART. RUSSIAN DEFENSE MINISTER PAVEL GRACHEV HAS OFFERED TO SEND A REINFORCED DIVISION OF TROOPS -- SOME 20-THOUSAND IN ALL -- WHICH WOULD NEARLY MATCH THE U-S COMMITMENT OF UP TO 25-THOUSAND SOLDIERS.

    THE UNITED STATES WOULD LIKE TO SEE MOSCOW PARTICIPATE AS A WAY TO STRENGTHEN POST-COLD WAR SECURITY IN EUROPE AND TO REASSURE THE SERBS, WHO TRADITIONALLY HAVE HAD CLOSE TIES WITH RUSSIA. HOWEVER, THE UNITED STATES DOES NOT WANT, OR SEE THE NEED, FOR THAT MANY RUSSIAN SOLDIERS TO TAKE PART. AND RUSSIA'S REFUSAL TO HAVE ITS TROOPS UNDER NATO COMMAND HAS CREATED A SERIOUS OBSTACLE -- WHICH WAS NOT CLEARED AWAY DURING LAST SUNDAY'S GENEVA MEETING BETWEEN U-S DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY AND MR. GRACHEV.

    DEFENSE DEPARTMENT SPOKESMAN KENNETH BACON SAYS THAT WHILE THE UNITED STATES IS PREPARED TO BE FLEXIBLE OVER SOME OF MOSCOW'S STIPULATIONS, INCLUDING THE OFFICIAL NAME OF THE FORCE, IT CANNOT COMPROMISE ON THE ISSUE OF A UNIFIED COMMAND STRUCTURE.

    /// BACON ACTUALITY ///

    THEY WANT A FORCE THAT IS OPERATING UNDER A U-N MANDATE. AND THIS FORCE WOULD OPERATE UNDER A U-N MANDATE. THEY WANT A FORCE THAT HAS A NAME THAT, AS MINISTER GRACHEV SAID, WOULD BE THE "OPERATION OF THE IMPLEMENTATION FORCE IN BOSNIA." HE SUGGESTED THAT NAME. NOMENCLATURE IS NEGOTIABLE. WAS ISN'T NEGOTIABLE HERE IS CHAIN OF COMMAND. THE U-S AND NATO DEFENSE MINISTERS COMING OUT OF THE WILLIAMSBURG MEETING ARE VERY CLEAR. THE IMPLEMENTATION FORCE WILL HAVE A UNITARY COMMAND AND CONTROL. THERE WILL BE NO DUAL KEY HERE. THERE WILL BE A MILITARY COMMAND AND CONTROL CHAIN GOING RIGHT DOWN TO THE BOTTOM.

    /// END BACON ACT ///

    U-S OFFICIALS SAY NATO INSISTS ON KEEPING SOLE CONTROL OF THE NEW FORCE TO AVOID THE CONFUSION AND INDECISION THAT MARRED THE JOINT OPERATION OF NATO AND UNITED NATIONS FORCES IN BOSNIA OVER THE LAST THREE YEARS.

    THE FINANCIALLY-STRAPPED RUSSIAN GOVERNMENT HAS ALSO INDICATED A RELUCTANCE TO PAY FOR ITS OWN TROOP DEPLOYMENT IN BOSNIA. U-S OFFICIALS SAY EACH PARTICIPATING COUNTRY SHOULD BE PREPARED TO PAY ITS OWN WAY -- THOUGH THEY SAY THE WESTERN ALLIES MIGHT UNDERWRITE SOME RUSSIAN OPERATIONS SUCH AS MILITARY ENGINEERING AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORK.

    THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION'S CHIEF NEGOTIATOR FOR BOSNIA -- ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE RICHARD HOLBROOKE -- WILL GO TO MOSCOW THIS COMING WEEKEND IN AN EFFORT TO CLEAR AWAY THE DISAGREEMENTS INVOLVING RUSSIAN PARTICIPATION.

    AND THE NORTH ATLANTIC COUNCIL, NATO'S DECISION MAKING BODY, SAID LATE WEDNESDAY IT WILL CONVENE IN SPECIAL SESSION -- A SO-CALLED "16 PLUS ONE" MEETING -- WITH RUSSIA IN THE NEAR FUTURE TO INTENSIFY THE DIALOGUE.

    PEACE TALKS AMONG THE BOSNIAN PARTIES THEMSELVES ARE TO BEGIN IN THE UNITED STATES OCTOBER 31ST, AND ONCE AN AGREEMENT IS REACHED NATO WANTS TO BE ABLE TO BEGIN DEPLOYING THE IMPLEMENTATION FORCE WITHIN A MATTER OF DAYS.(SIGNED)

    NEB / DAG / BD/PT
    11-Oct-95 6:59 PM EDT (2259 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

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