Subscribe to our Personal NewsPaper-Online (Free Custom News Service) A)? GHT="50">
Compact version
Today's Suggestion
Read The "Macedonian Question" (by Maria Nystazopoulou-Pelekidou)
HomeAbout HR-NetNewsWeb SitesDocumentsOnline HelpUsage InformationContact us
Wednesday, 13 November 2019
 
News
  Latest News (All)
     From Greece
     From Cyprus
     From Europe
     From Balkans
     From Turkey
     From USA
  Announcements
  World Press
  News Archives
Web Sites
  Hosted
  Mirrored
  Interesting Nodes
Documents
  Special Topics
  Treaties, Conventions
  Constitutions
  U.S. Agencies
  Cyprus Problem
  Other
Services
  Personal NewsPaper
  Greek Fonts
  Tools
  F.A.Q.
 

Voice of America, 24 October 1995

From: yanni@ix.netcom.com (Ioannis Bousnakis)

Voice of America Directory

CONTENTS

  • [01] TUESDAY'S EDITORIALS BY TED LANDPHAIR (WASHINGTON)

  • [02] !!! VOA DAILY BOSNIA REPORT -- OCTOBER 24, 1995 !!!

  • [03] BOSNIA/WARCRIMES (L ONLY) BY GILLIAN SHARPE (THE HAGUE)

  • [04] BOSNIA / U.N. (S ONLY) BY RON PEMSTEIN (UNITED NATIONS)

  • [05] BOSNIA PSYCHOLOGICAL AFTEREFFECTS BY PAUL FRANCUCH (CHICAGO)

  • [06] CLINTON-BOSNIA (L) BY RON PEMSTEIN (NEW YORK)

  • [07] E-U / TESTS (L ONLY) BY JOHN FRASER (BRUSSELS)

  • [08] GERMANY / BOSNIA (S ONLY) BY KYLE KING (BONN)

  • [09] U-N 50 WRAP BY ELAINE JOHANSON (UNITED NATIONS)

  • [10] U-S / RUSSIA / BOSNIA (S) BY DAVID GOLLUST (PENTAGON)


  • [01] TUESDAY'S EDITORIALS BY TED LANDPHAIR (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=10/24/95
    TYPE=U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST
    NUMBER=6-09232
    TELEPHONE=619-3515
    EDITOR=PHIL HAYNES
    CONTENT=
    // EDITORS, PLEASE NOTE: THIS IS PERISHABLE MATERIAL AND BECOMES DATED AFTER 10 P-M E-D-S-T ON TUESDAY, OCTOBER 24TH //

    INTRO: THE GATHERING OF HEADS OF STATE IN NEW YORK TO MARK THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE UNITED NATIONS HAS LED TO SOME INTERESTING DIPLOMATIC ENCOUNTERS THAT HAVE CAUGHT THE ATTENTION OF AMERICA'S EDITORIAL WRITERS. THE U-S / RUSSIAN SUMMIT TOPS SEVERAL OPINION COLUMNS. HERE IS _________________ WITH A CLOSER LOOK IN TODAY'S U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST.

    TEXT: TWO NEWSPAPERS, "THE NEW YORK TIMES" AND "THE BALTIMORE SUN", DEVISED THE SAME HEADLINE TO HIGHLIGHT THEIR COMMENTS ON THE GOOD-NATURED MEETING BETWEEN PRESIDENT CLINTON AND RUSSIAN PRESIDENT BORIS YELTSIN. BOTH ADDRESSED WHAT THEY CALLED "THE SPIRIT OF HYDE PARK", REFERRING TO THE SITE OF THE MEETING AT THE HOMESTEAD OF THE LATE PRESIDENT FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT. "THE TIMES" POINTS OUT THAT THE BEAUTIFUL ESTATE IS A SYMBOL OF THE WARTIME ALLIANCE BETWEEN WASHINGTON AND MOSCOW.

    VOICE: "THE MORE RELEVANT SYMBOLISM OF THE HUDSON RIVER ESTATE MIGHT HAVE BEEN FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT'S ACUTE INSTINCT FOR BALANCING POLITICS AND DIPLOMACY. IT IS A COMMODITY THAT WILL BE MUCH NEEDED IN THE MONTHS AHEAD AS MR. CLINTON AND MR. YELTSIN TRY TO GUIDE THE VOLATILE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THEIR COUNTRIES THROUGH THE HEAT OF PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS IN BOTH THE UNITED STATES AND RUSSIA. . . . THE SPIRT OF HYDE PARK SUGGESTS A COMPROMISE [ON THE ISSUE OF RUSSIAN PARTICIPATION IN A BOSNIAN PEACEKEEPING FORCE] THAT CAN SATISFY THE TWO PRESIDENTS' POLITICAL CONCERNS WITHOUT UNDERMINING THEIR PRINCIPLES. RUSSIA MUST BE REPRESENTED . . . LEST THE FORCE APPEAR TILTED AGAINST THE BOSNIAN SERBS AND THEIR ALLIES IN BELGRADE. . . . BUT RUSSIA DOES NOT HAVE TO BE AN EQUAL PARTICIPANT WITH THE UNITED STATES, BRITAIN, FRANCE, AND OTHER COUNTRIES. THE VALUE OF A RUSSIAN ROLE CAN BE PRESERVED IF RUSSIAN TROOPS PLAY A SUPPORT ROLE AND DO NOT TAKE PART IN COMBAT OPERATIONS THAT MIGHT BE REQUIRED TO KEEP THE PEACE."

    TEXT: "THE SUN" POINTS OUT THAT WHILE PRESIDENTS CLINTON AND YELTSIN PROCLAIMED THEIR "COMPLETE AGREEMENT" ON BOSNIA, THEY DID NOT ACTUALLY RESOLVE THE MATTER.

    VOICE: "INSTEAD, THEY TURNED IT OVER TO THEIR DEFENSE MINISTERS AND ORDERED THEM TO COME UP WITH A SOLUTION 'THIS WEEK'. ONE COULD DISMISS THIS AS BUCK-PASSING TO AVOID ADMISSION OF AN IMPASSE. BUT BY PUTTING SO MUCH OF THEIR PERSONAL PRESTIGE ON THE LINE, AT A TIME WHEN BOTH FACE RE-RELECTION CAMPAIGNS NEXT YEAR, THE TWO LEADERS LAUNCHED AN INITIATIVE THAT WOULD FAIL ONLY AT THEIR PERSONAL POLITICAL PERIL. . . . . SOME EARLY SOLUTION IS REQUIRED NOT ONLY TO SUSTAIN THE CREDIBILITY OF THE TWO LEADERS BUT [ALSO] TO GIVE THE WORLD ASSURANCE THAT AMERICA AND RUSSIA CAN INDEED PROLONG THE PEACE THEY IMPOSED ON EUROPE DURING THE COLD WAR ERA. IF THEY SUCCEED, SOMETHING CALLED 'THE SPIRIT OF HYDE PARK' COULD HAVE GLOBAL SIGNIFICANCE."

    TEXT: AND THE "PHILADELPHIA INQUIRER", CALLING THE TWO LEADERS "THE GOOD HUMOR MEN", TOOK NOTE OF MR. CLINTON'S AND MR. YELTSIN'S LAUGHTER AT THE MEDIA FOR PREDICTING A SUMMIT DISASTER.

    VOICE: "MR. YELTSIN SCOFFED THAT THE PRESS HAD 'UNDERESTIMATED THE PRESIDENTS OF TWO SUCH GREAT POWERS'. HE SAID THAT THE U-S - RUSSIAN PARTNERSHIP 'HAS BECOME STRONGER AND BETTER'. ONE CAN ONLY HOPE THAT PRESIDENT YELTSIN IS RIGHT -- AND CAPABLE FO DELIVERING ON HIS UPBEAT MESSAGE."

    TEXT: ANOTHER CRITICAL MEETING -- BETWEEN PRESIDENT CLINTON AND CHINESE PRESIDENT JIANG ZEMIN IN NEW YORK CITY TODAY -- CAUGHT THE EYE OF "THE ORLANDO SENTINEL." "THE SENTINEL" WRITES THAT PLANNING FOR FUTURE INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS IS VIRTUALLY IMPOSSIBLE WITHOUT FACTORING IN THE WORLD'S MOST POPULOUS NATION. AND IT TAKES NOTE OF IMPROVING RELATIONS BETWEEN THE NATIONS SINCE PREMIER DENG XIAOPING BEGAN TO INSTITUTE ECONOMIC REFORMS NEARLY TWO DECADES AGO. THE PAPER ACKNOWLEDGES THE TENSIONS THAT EMERGED AFTER THE 1989 TIANAMEN SQUARE MASSACRE AND THE DECISION THIS YEAR BY THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION TO ALLOW A U-S VISIT BY THE PRESIDENT OF TAIWAN.

    VOICE: "[BUT] PLAINLY [THE TWO NATIONS] HAVE A JOINT INTEREST IN STABILITY AND ECONONMIC PROSPERITY IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION. MR. CLINTON SHOULD EMPHASIZE TO MR. JIANG THAT THE UNITED STATES WELCOMES CHINA AS A PARTNER IN THAT EFFORT. THAT WOULD HELP DISPEL A PERCEPTION BY SOME CHINESE THAT THE UNITED STATES SEEKS TO UNDERMINE OR CONTAIN CHINA. AT THE SAME TIME . . . CHINA SHOULD NOT LOOK FOR THE UNITED STATES TO LESSEN ITS CRITICISM OF BEIJING'S HUMAN RIGHTS PRACTICES. UNDOUBTEDLY THERE WILL BE FUTURE UPS AND DOWNS IN THE RELATIONSHIP. THE DOWNS CAN BE HANDLED BEST BY FOCUSING ON THE BIG-PICTURE MUTUAL INTERESTS."

    TEXT: "NEWSDAY", BASED ON NEW YORK'S LONG ISLAND, CHOSE TO REFLECT ON CUBAN PRESIDENT FIDEL CASTRO'S CHILLY RECEPTION FROM U-S AND NEW YORK CITY OFFICIALS AS HE ATTENDED THE U-N'S 50TH BIRTHDAY PARTY. "NEWSDAY" WONDERS WHY PRESIDENT CLINTON DOES NOT DEMONSTRATE WHAT IT CALLED "THE COURAGE OF HIS CONVICTIONS", END THE TRADE EMBARGO ON CUBA, AND NORMALIZE DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS.

    VOICE: "A SENIOR WHITE HOUSE AIDE WAS QUOTED . . . AS SAYING THAT IF [MR.] CLINTON WERE NOT TO RUN AGAIN OR WERE SERVING OUT HIS SECOND TERM, HE WOULD BE WORKING TO END THE EMBARGO ON CUBA NOW. SO WHY DOESN'T HE DO IT? THE OBVIOUS ANSWER IS THAT HE IS AFRAID TO ALIENATE CUBAN-AMERICAN VOTERS . . . AT A TIME WHEN HIS MOST CONSERVATIVE REPUBLICAN RIVALS ARE MAKING HAY BY DENOUNCING FIDEL CASTRO'S DODDERING COMMUNIST REGIME. . . . MEANWHILE, AMERICAN BUSINESS LEADERS ARE LINING UP AT THE CUBAN MISSION IN NEW YORK TO TALK TO CASTRO ABOUT FUTURE INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES. . . . ACKNOWLEDGING THE REALITIES OF A CHANGING ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL CLIMATE DOES NOT MEAN ENDORSING THE POLICIES OR EVEN THE LEGITIMACY OF CASTRO'S REGIME. AND IF ELECTROAL PHOBIAS ARE OVERLOOKED, IT'S HARD TO SEE HOW OPENING UP TRADE AND INFORMATION TO A DESPOTIC REGIME WOULD HELP PROP IT UP. RECENT HISTORY SHOWS CONCLUSIVELY THAT THE OPPOSITE IS TRUE."

    TEXT: AND ON THAT NOTE, WE CONCLUDE THIS BRIEF LOOK AT SOME OF THE EDITORIALS IN THE AMERICAN PRESS THIS TUESDAY.

    NEB/TL/PCH
    24-Oct-95 11:24 AM EDT (1524 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [02] !!! VOA DAILY BOSNIA REPORT -- OCTOBER 24, 1995 !!!

    DATE=10/24/95
    TYPE=ADVISORY
    CONTENT=

    VOA DAILY BOSNIA REPORT -- 10/24/95 THE FOLLOWING IS A SYNOPSIS OF SIGNIFICANT REPORTING ON BOSNIA BY THE VOICE OF AMERICA THAT HAD BEEN BROADCAST OR FIRMLY SCHEDULED AT THE TIME OF PUBLICATION. THIS SELECTION IS NOT INTENDED TO BE EXHAUSTIVE, AND DOES NOT INCLUDE LATE-BREAKING NEWS OR THE MANY REPORTS IN ALL VOA LANGUAGES THAT ARE BASED ON COMMERCIAL WIRE SERVICES OR OTHER SECONDARY SOURCES. WE REGRET THAT WE CANNOT RESPOND TO REQUESTS FOR TRANSCRIPTS OF SPECIFIC BROADCASTS OR PROGRAM SEGMENTS. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT VOA, OFFICE OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS. TELEPHONE: +1-202-619-2538. ELECTRONIC MAIL: LETTERS@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE FROM OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES); LETTERS-USA@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE WITHIN THE UNITED STATES).

    REPORTS BY VOA NEWS SERVICES:

    CROATIA / SERBS -- THERE WERE SIGNS OF PROGRESS MONDAY IN NEGOTIATIONS BETWEEN THE CROATIAN GOVERNMENT AND REBEL SERB LEADERS OVER THE DISPUTED REGION OF EASTERN SLAVONIA. THE US MEDIATOR IN THE TALKS CAUTIONED THAT PROBLEMS REMAIN, AS WE HEAR FROM CORRESPONDENT DOUGLAS ROBERTS IN ZAGREB. (10/23)

    CROATIA / EASTERN SLAVONIA -- CROATIAN OFFICIALS MET WITH REPRESENTATIVES OF SERBS FROM EASTERN SLAVONIA IN OSIJEK TO DISCUSS FUTURE STATUS OF THE AREA. CHIEF CROATIAN NEGOTIATOR H SARINIC SAID THAT THE SERBIAN SIDE HAS AGREED TO THE PEACEFUL INTEGRATION OF EASTERN SLAVONIA INTO CROATIA, BUT THE TIMING OF SUCH A MOVE REMAINS A PROBLEM. STRINGER STEVICA SUSA REPORTS FROM ZAGREB. (SERBIAN 10/23)

    CROATIA / EASTERN SLAVONIA MEETING -- REPRESENTATIVES OF CROATS AND SERBS FROM EASTERN SLAVONIA, MEETING IN OSIJEK, HAVE DECIDED TO CONTINUE THEIR TALKS IN ERDUT ON WEDNESDAY. (CROATIAN 10/23)

    AKASHI / BELGRADE -- SPECIAL UN ENVOY FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA, Y AKASHI PAID A FAREWELL VISIT TO THE SERBIAN CAPITAL FOR TALKS WITH PRESIDENT S MILOSEVIC. IN THE MEANTIME THE BOSNIAN SERB ASSEMBLY ADOPTED A PLATFORM TO BE PRESENTED AT THE FORTHCOMING PEACE TALKS ON BOSNIA IN THE USA. STRINGER MILICA KUBUROVIC REPORTS FROM BELGRADE. (SERBIAN 10/23)

    MILUTINOVIC / PEACE TALKS -- YUGOSLAV FOREIGN MINISTER M. MILUTINOVIC DISCUSSES THE CHANCES FOR THE SUCCESS OF THE DAYTON PEACE TALKS ON BOSNIA. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STRINGER RIALDA SEBEK IN LONDON, MR MILUTINOVIC CHARACTERIZED HIS TALKS WITH BRITISH FOREIGN SECRETARY M RIFKIND AS VERY PRODUCTIVE. (SERBIAN 10/23)

    UN / 50TH ANNIVERSARY -- STRINGER IVICA PULJIC REPORTS ON THE CELEBRATIONS MARKING 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE UN IN NEW YORK. IT INCLUDES REMARKS MADE BY BRITISH PRIME MINISTER JOHN MAJOR AND FRENCH PRESIDENT JACQUES CHIRAC. HE ALSO REPORTS ON THE MEETING OF CROATIAN PRESIDENT TUDJMAN AND GERMAN FOREIGN MINISTER KLAUS KINKEL. (CROATIAN 10/23))

    UN / ANNIVERSARY -- STRINGER IVICA PULJIC REPORTS FROM NEW YORK ON THE FIRST DAY OF THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATIONS OF THE UNITED NATIONS. MR PULJIC FOCUSED ON THE ACTIVITIES OF THE CROATIAN DELEGATION AND ALSO PREVIEWED THE AMERICAN-RUSSIAN SUMMIT. (CROATIAN 10/23)

    NATO / BOSNIA -- JANUSZ BUGAYSKI OF THE CENTER FOR STRATEGIC AND INTERNATIONAL STUDIES DISCUSSED THE POSSIBLE DEPLOYMENT OF NATO TROOPS IN BOSNIA. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STAFFER DZENITA MEHIC, MR BUGAYSKI SAID THAT THE PRESENCE OF WESTERN TROOPS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA IS ESSENTIAL FOR THE SUCCESSFUL CONTINUATION OF THE PEACE PROCESS. (CROATIAN 10/21

    UN / BOSNIA / CROATIA / TURKEY -- STRINGER IVICA PULJIC REPORTS FROM NEW YORK THAT THE PRESIDENTS OF CROATIA, BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA, AND TURKEY HAVE AGREED TO FORM A JOINT POLICE FORCE THAT WILL OVERSEE THE RETURN OF REFUGEES TO WESTERN BOSNIA. (CROATIAN 10/24)

    BOSNIA / TRUCE -- STRINGER LINDA MILISA REPORTS FROM THE TOWN OF SANSKI MOST ON THE TRUCE NEGOTIATIONS BETWEEN GOVERNMENT AND BOSNIAN-SERB FORCES. THE CEASE-FIRE IN WESTERN BOSNIA IS HOLDING, BUT THERE ARE NEW REPORTS ON MASS KILLINGS OF MUSLIM CIVILIANS. (CROATIAN 10/24)

    BOSNIA / CEASE-FIRE VIOLATIONS -- SARAJEVO STRINGER VLADIMIR BILIC REPORTS THAT THE UN IN SARAJEVO HAS COMPLAINED ABOUT AN INCREASE IN CEASE-FIRE VIOLATIONS FOR NO MILITARY REASONS. (CROATIAN 10/23)

    CROATIA / PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS -- ON THE EVE OF THE PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS, CROATIAN POLITICIANS DISCUSS GOVERNMENT POLICY TOWARDS BOSNIA. THE RULING PARTY'S REPRESENTATIVE, AND PRESIDENT TUDJMAN'S ADVISER FOR BOSNIA, BRANKO MISETIC, TOLD STRINGER ZELJKO MATIC IN AN INTERVIEW, THAT BOSNIA SHOULD REMAIN A COUNTRY WITH THREE NATIONS AS CONSTITUENT ELEMENTS. (CROATIAN 10/23)

    BOSNIAN CROATS RIGHT TO VOTE -- SARAJEVO STRINGER VLADIMIR BILIC REPORTS THAT THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT NOW REGRETS TO HAVE ALLOWED CROATS IN BOSNIA TO VOTE IN THE CROATIAN PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS AFTER IT TURNED OUT THAT IT APPLIES NOT TO CROATIAN CITIZENS IN BOSNIA BUT TO BOSNIAN CROATS CITIZENS OF BOSNIA. STRINGER BILIC ALSO REPORTS ON THE MEETING BETWEEN BOSNIA'S PRIME MINISTER AND WORLD BANK OFFICIALS. (CROATIAN 10/23)

    CROATIAN OPPOSITION / ELECTIONS -- IN THE CAMPAIGN FOR PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS, THE CROATIAN SOCIAL-LIBERAL PARTY HAS CRITICIZED THE GOVERNMENT'S ECONOMIC POLICY. STRINGER SLAVICA LUKIC REPORTS THAT SOCIAL LIBERALS HAVE DENOUNCED PRESIDENT TUDJMAN' PARTY AS INEPT AND CORRUPT. (CROATIAN 10/21)

    BALKAN / COOPERATION -- THE PRESIDENTS OF ALBANIA, BULGARIA AND TURKEY, SALI BERISHA, ZHELYU ZHELEV, AND SULEYMAN DEMIREL, AND THE ACTING MACEDONIAN PRESIDENT AND SPEAKER OF THE MACEDONIAN PARLIAMENT, STOJAN ANDOV, MET IN NEW YORK ON THE SIDELINES OF THE CELEBRATIONS FOR THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE UN. THEY PLEDGED TO WORK FOR PEACE IN THE BALKANS AND PRESS AHEAD WITH NEW INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS, INCLUDING ROADS, POWER AND TELECOMMUNICATION LINKS. A DOCUMENT THEY SIGNED STRESSED THE IMPORTANCE OF PROJECTS LINKING THE BALKANS AND WESTERN EUROPE. STRINGER ZAMIRA EDWARDS INTERVIEWS ALBANIAN PRESIDENT SALI BERISHA. (ALBANIAN 10/23)

    SLOVENIAN PRESIDENT / UN -- STAFFER ALENKA RICHARDSON INTERVIEWS SLOVENIAN PRESIDENT MILAN KUCAN, ATTENDING THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY ON THE OCCASION OF THE UN'S 50TH ANNIVERSARY. PRESIDENT KUCAN TALKED ABOUT HIS MEETINGS WITH WORLD LEADERS, AMONG THEM PRESIDENTS OF NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES. ASKED ABOUT THE WASHINGTON TIMES ARTICLE WHICH DESCRIBED SLOVENIA AS THE MODEL CENTRAL EUROPEAN NATION IN TRANSITION FROM COMMUNISM TO MULTIPARTY DEMOCRACY, HE SAID THAT SLOVENIA IS TRYING TO FULFILL THOSE EXPECTATIONS. AS TO THE DISPUTE WITH ITALY, THE SLOVENIAN PRESIDENT MET WITH UN AMBASSADOR MADELEINE ALBRIGHT WHO NOTED THE GROWING INTEREST OF WASHINGTON IN US MEDIATION OF THE DISPUTE. (SLOVENE 10/24)

    ALBANIA / YUGO / UN EMBARGO -- THE ALBANIAN GOVERNMENT SAYS POLICE HAS INCREASED ITS SURVEILLANCE OF THE TRANSPORT OF FUEL, AS SMUGGLERS ARE STEPPING UP TRADE BEFORE A BOSNIAN PEACE SETTLEMENT AND THE LIFTING OF UN SANCTIONS. THE DEMAND FOR FUEL ALMOST DOUBLED AFTER TURKISH UN TROOPS BLOCKED SMUGGLING ALONG THE DANUBE LAST WEEK. STRINGER PELLUMB SULO REPORTS. (ALBANIAN 2/23) 24-Oct-95 5:08 PM EDT (2108 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [03] BOSNIA/WARCRIMES (L ONLY) BY GILLIAN SHARPE (THE HAGUE)

    DATE=10/24/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-187389
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE INTERNATIONAL WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA HAS DELAYED THE BEGINNING OF ITS FIRST TRIAL. THE CASE AGAINST DUSAN TADIC, A FORMER SERB PRISON GUARD AT A CAMP IN NORTHWESTERN BOSNIA, WAS POSTPONED UNTIL MAY. THE COURT ANNOUNCED ITS DECISION AFTER A LAWYER FOR THE DEFENSE ARGUED HE COULD NOT PREPARE AN ADEQUATE CASE BEFORE THEN. GILLIAN SHARPE REPORTS FOR V-O-A NEWS FROM THE HAGUE, NETHERLANDS.

    TEXT: DUSAN TADIC IS ACCUSED OF BEATING TO DEATH FOUR PRISONERS AT THE OMARSICA CAMP IN NORTHWESTERN BOSNIA AND THE KILLING OF NINE OTHERS IN THE FORCED EVACUATION OF A MUSLIM VILLAGE. HIS TRIAL WAS SCHEDULED TO BEGIN NEXT MONTH.

    OBSERVERS SAY ITS DELAY IS A CONSIDERABLE BLOW TO THE INTERNATIONAL WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL. MR. TADIC IS THE ONLY SUSPECT THE TRIBUNAL HAS IN CUSTODY, ALTHOUGH 43 OTHER SUSPECTED WAR CRIMINALS HAVE BEEN CHARGED. THEY INCLUDE BOSNIAN-SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADZIC AND GENERAL RATKO MLADIC.

    MR. TADIC'S DEFENSE LAWYER, MISCHA WLADIMIROFF, ARGUED IT WOULD BE IMPOSSIBLE FOR HIS CLIENT TO HAVE A FAIR TRIAL IF PROCEEDINGS STARTED IN NOVEMBER. HE SAID ALTHOUGH MANY PEOPLE WHO ARE EXPECTED TO TESTIFY FOR THE PROSECUTION NOW LIVE OUTSIDE BOSNIA, MOST DEFENSE WITNESSES REMAIN IN THE REGION AND WOULD BE DIFFICULT TO CONTACT BY NOVEMBER.

    MR. WLADIMIROFF ALSO SAID HE HAD NO COOPERATION FROM LOCAL AUTHORITIES IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. HE SAID IF HE AND A DEFENSE TEAM COULD ENTER BOSNIA IN FEBRUARY OR MARCH, THE TRIAL OF HIS CLIENT COULD BEGIN SOMETIME AFTER THAT.

    MR. WLADIMIROFF ASKED THE TRIBUNAL TO FUND THE DEFENSE. HE IS THE ONLY DEFENSE LAWYER AND HE SAID WITHOUT SUFFICIENT FUNDS TO PUT TOGETHER A TEAM OF ATTORNEYS, MR. TADIC'S TRIAL COULD RESULT IN A MISCARRIAGE OF JUSTICE.

    MR. TADIC IS NOW ALSO FACING NEW CHARGES OF CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY -- ALLEGED TO HAVE BEEN CARRIED OUT BETWEEN MAY AND DECEMBER OF 1992 IN TWO OTHER PRISON CAMPS.

    HIS LAWYERS ARE EXPECTED TO CHALLENGE THESE CHARGES, ARGUING THAT HE CANNOT BE TRIED FOR THE SAME CRIMES TWICE. HE WAS FIRST ARRESTED AND CHARGED IN GERMANY IN 1994 WITH WAR CRIMES, BUT PROCEEDINGS THERE WERE DROPPED WHEN THE CASE WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE HAGUE TRIBUNAL.

    MR. TADIC HAS SAID HE HAS NO KNOWLEDGE OF THE CRIMES OF WHICH HE IS ACCUSED, AND WAS NOT PRESENT WHEN THEY TOOK PLACE. (SIGNED)

    NEB/GS/MH/RAE
    24-Oct-95 12:41 PM EDT (1641 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [04] BOSNIA / U.N. (S ONLY) BY RON PEMSTEIN (UNITED NATIONS)

    DATE=10/24/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-187390
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: BOSNIAN PRESIDENT ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC HAS LECTURED THE UNITED NATIONS DURING ITS 50TH ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATIONS ABOUT UNFULLFILLED RESOLUTIONS REGARDING BOSNIA. RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM THE UNITED NATIONS.

    TEXT: ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC DID NOT COME TO THE UNITED NATIONS TO CELEBRATE THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY. THE UNITED NATIONS IS THE SOURCE OF HOPE FOR THE BOSNIAN PEOPLE, THE PRESIDENT TOLD THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY, BUT IT ALSO A CONSTANT DISAPPOINTMENT. HE CITES THE NUMBER OF UNFULFILLED SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTIONS AS THE PROOF OF HIS STATEMENT.

    THE BOSNIAN PRESIDENT SAYS HE APPROACHES THE AMERICAN-MEDIATED PEACE TALKS NEXT WEEK IN DAYTON, OHIO, -- ALSO INVOLVING THE PRESIDENTS OF CROATIA AND SERBIA -- WITH THE BEST OF FAITH AND PLENTY OF HOPE.

    THE INITIAL GENEVA AGREEMENT DIVIDES BOSNIA INTO TWO SERBIAN AND MUSLIM-CROAT ENTITIES. THE BOSNIAN SERBS HAVE CALLED FOR THE RIGHT OF SECESSION FROM BOSNIA. PRESIDENT IZETBEGOVIC SAYS, THAT IS IMPOSSIBLE.

    // IZETBEGOVIC ACT //

    THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT AND ARMY WILL NOT ACCEPT THE DIVISION AND DISINTEGRATION OF OUR COUNTRY, NO MATTER IN WHAT PACKAGING IT MAY BE SERVED. THE DIVISION OF BOSNIA WILL LEAD TO CONTINUATION OF WAR, IMMEDIATELY OR LATER.

    // END ACT //

    THE BOSNIAN PRESIDENT WARNS AGAINST MAKING CONCESSSIONS TO THE SERBS ON DEMOCRATIC ELECTIONS IN BOSNIA, CALLING FOR WAR CRIMINALS TO BE ISOLATED. (SIGNED)

    NEB/RP/CF
    24-Oct-95 12:44 PM EDT (1644 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [05] BOSNIA PSYCHOLOGICAL AFTEREFFECTS BY PAUL FRANCUCH (CHICAGO)

    DATE=10/24/95
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-31442
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: AS EFFORTS MOVE FORWARD TO HOLD PEACE TALKS AIMED AT ENDING THE CONFLICT IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA, MEDICAL EXPERTS PREDICT THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AFTER-EFFECTS OF THE CONFLICT ARE LIKELY TO BE LONG-LASTING. THAT WAS THE TOPIC OF DISCUSSION THIS WEEK (MONDAY) AMONG PHYSICIANS AND SOCIAL WORKERS AT A SPECIAL GATHERING IN CHICAGO. V-O-A'S PAUL FRANCUCH WAS THERE AND TELLS US MORE.

    TEXT: THE SYMPOSIUM AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT CHICAGO MEDICAL SCHOOL ATTRACTED ABOUT 50 PROFESSIONALS FROM THE UNITED STATES, ALONG WITH TOP PSYCHIATRISTS FROM SARAJEVO AND ZABREB.

    THE GATHERING INCLUDED REMARKS BY REFUGEES WHO RECOUNTED PERSONAL HORROR STORIES ABOUT DETENTION CAMPS, AND THE DEGRADING PROCESS OF WHAT HAS COME TO BE CALLED -- ETHNIC CLEANSING.

    CONSIDERABLE DISCUSSION FOCUSED ON THE BESIEGED CITY OF SARAJEVO. DR. SLOBODAN LOGA ('LOW-GAH) HEADS THE UNIVERSITY OF SARAJEVO'S DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHIATRY. HE SAYS A STUDY OF PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAUMA AFTER THE FIRST YEAR OF THE SIEGE SHOWED ABOUT 60-PERCENT OF THE CITY'S RESIDENTS SUFFERED MENTAL PROBLEMS BROUGHT ON BY WAR.

    /// LOGA ACT ///

    I WOULD SAY VERY SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS -- NOT SMALL (ONES). AFTER THAT, WE TRIED TO FIND NEW RESULTS, NEW DATA. I HOPE THAT OUR INVESTIGATION OF THE THIRD-YEAR OF WAR WILL SHOW US THAT THERE IS LESS PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS BECAUSE SOME KIND OF ADAPTATION (OF WAR).

    /// END ACT ///

    DR. LOGA THINKS RECENT DATA WILL SHOW WAR-HARDENED RESIDENTS OF SARAJEVO WILL HAVE ADAPTED SOMEWHAT TO THE EFFECTS OF WAR. BUT HE EXPECTS IF THE CEASE-FIRE HOLDS, AND A PERIOD OF PEACE FOLLOWS, SURVIVORS WILL BEGIN SUFFERING FROM A NEW RANGE OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS, OFTEN TYPICALLY FOUND AMONG SURVIVORS.

    /// SECOND LOGA ACT ///

    I EXPECT MORE MOOD DISORDERS, ESPECIALLY DEPRESSION. I EXPECT MORE CASES OF SUICIDES. I EXPECT MORE CASES OF ALCOHOL PSYCHOSIS AND DRUG ABUSE.

    /// END ACT ///

    CHICAGO PSYCHIATRIST STEVAN WEINE ("WINE") HEADS A PROJECT HE BEGAN AT YALE UNIVERSITY AND NOW CONTINUES AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS. IN THE PROJECT, SURVIVORS OF THE SARAJEVO CONFLICT TALK ABOUT THEIR EXPERIENCES AND THEIR STRUGGLES TO FIND MEANING IN WHAT HAPPENED. DR. WEINE SAYS SOME BLOCK OUT THE MEMORIES, WHILE OTHERS REACT WITH ANGER OR ANXIETY.

    /// WEINE ACT ///

    THERE ARE SOME ENDURING QUESTIONS THAT SURVIVORS ARE ASKING. THEY ARE ASKING WHAT KIND OF LIFE AM I GOING TO HAVE? AM I GOING TO HAVE A CHANCE TO HAVE A LIFE IN THE SENSE THAT I USED TO THINK ABOUT A LIFE? OR AM I LEFT WITH SOME APPENDAGE TO MY LIFE? AND THIS IS A SERIOUS ISSUE FOR MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONALS TO STRUGGLE WITH -- HOW TO HELP PEOPLE PUT THEIR LIVES BACK TOGETHER.

    /// END ACT ///

    /// OPT ///

    PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS ARE OFTEN SEEN AMONG THOSE WHO HAVE FLED THE COUNTRY AS WELL. DERMATOLOGIST ADNAN ARSLANAGIC (ARE-SLAN-AH-GITCH) AND HIS FAMILY LEFT THEIR NATIVE BOSNIA ONE-YEAR AGO. DR. ARSLANAGIC NOW CO-DIRECTS THE BOSNIAN REFUGEE CENTER IN CHICAGO, WHERE HE SAYS BOSNIANS OF ALL AGES ANXIOUSLY TRY TO COPE WITH THE HORRORS OF THEIR RECENT PAST ALONG WITH THE DEMANDS OF THEIR NEW LIVES IN AMERICA.

    /// ARSLANAGIC ACT ///

    NOW THE PEOPLE BROUGHT HERE EMOTIONAL TRAUMAS, POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDERS, THEY BROUGHT EVERYTHING. BUT THEY ARE LUCKY -- THEY SURVIVED. THEY SAVED THEIR FAMILIES, BUT THEY LOST OTHER MEMBERS OF FAMILIES, THEY LOST PROPERTY. AND THE BOSNIAN REFUGEES ARE IN A VERY HARD POSITION NOW. THEY HAD ONE TRAUMA FROM THE WAR AND NOW THEY HAVE, MAYBE, A MINOR TRAUMA (OF) HOW TO SURVIVE IN THE U-S-A, HOW TO ADJUST TO THE NEW LIFE. IT IS SOME KIND OF CULTURAL SHOCK WHICH THEY HAVE HERE.

    /// END ACT // END OPT ///

    THE OUTLOOK IS NOT HOPELESS FOR BOSNIAN SURVIVORS, SAYS CHICAGO PSYCHIATRIST STEVAN WEINE. HE SAYS LESSONS FROM SUCH HISTORICAL ATROCITIES AS THE WORLD-WAR-TWO HOLOCAUST, THE MASS MURDERS IN CAMBODIA, AND GENOCIDE IN ARMENIA -- TO NAME BUT A FEW EXAMPLES -- HAVE HELPED MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONALS LEARN HOW TO TREAT THOSE WHO EXPERIENCED SIMILAR DEVASTATION.

    /// OPT ///

    DR. WEINE ADDS SUCH TRAUMA SOMETIMES CALLS FOR CREATIVE THINKING WHEN IT COMES TO TREATMENT. HE SAYS PSYCHIATRISTS IN SARAJEVO HAD TO IMPROVISE IN TREATING PATIENTS BECAUSE THERE WAS NO TEXT IN WHICH TO REFER.

    /// SECOND WEINE ACT ///

    IN THE FIRST DAYS OF THE WAR THEIR BOOKS WERE BURNED. THEY HAD NO MORE BOOKS. BUT IT DID NOT MATTER BECAUSE THEIR BOOKS DID NOT TEACH THEM ANYTHING ABOUT HOW TO DO THIS KIND OF WORK.

    /// END ACT // END OPT ///

    DR. WEINE HOPES SURVIVORS OF THE SIEGE OF SARAJEVO WILL CONTINUE TALKING ABOUT THEIR EXPERIENCES. HE WANTS THOSE MEMORIES TO REMAIN VIVID, NOT TO PERPETUATE AGGRESSION OR VENGEANCE, BUT TO HELP OTHERS LEARN FROM THE EXPERIENCE SO THAT IT WILL NEVER HAPPEN AGAIN. (SIGNED)

    NEB/PCF/RAE
    24-Oct-95 1:49 PM EDT (1749 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [06] CLINTON-BOSNIA (L) BY RON PEMSTEIN (NEW YORK)

    DATE=10/24/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-187413
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS MET WITH THE PRESIDENTS OF BOSNIA AND CROATIA IN NEW YORK TO URGE THEM TO COMPLETE WORK ON A PEACE AGREEMENT AT TALKS NEXT WEEK OUTSIDE DAYTON, OHIO. RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM NEW YORK, THE BALKAN LEADERS WERE MORE CONCILIATORY IN THEIR MEETING WITH PRESIDENT CLINTON THAN THEY WERE IN OTHER STATEMENTS.

    TEXT: THERE IS ONE WEEK LEFT BEFORE U-S AND INTERNATIONAL MEDIATORS MEET AT THE WRIGHT-PATTERSON AIR BASE OUTSIDE DAYTON, OHIO WITH THE PRESIDENTS OF SERBIA, CROATIA AND BOSNIA TO TRY TO COMPLETE A PEACE AGREEMENT TO END THE WAR IN THE BALKANS. THE MEETING HERE IN NEW YORK WAS NOT INTENDED AS A NEGOTIATING SESSION BUT AS AN OPPORTUNITY FOR PRESIDENT CLINTON TO URGE CROATIAN PRESIDENT FRANJO TUDJMAN AND BOSNIAN PRESIDENT ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC TO WORK TOGETHER WHEN THEY MEET WITH SERBIAN PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC NEXT WEEK. MR. CLINTON TOLD REPORTERS THE DAYTON TALKS ARE THE BEST CHANCE TO END THE WAR IN THE BALKANS.

    /// CLINTON ACT ///

    IT'S CLEARLY THE BEST CHANCE IN THE LAST FOUR YEARS AND I WOULD RATE THE PROSPECTS AS GOOD, THANKS IN NO SMALL MEASURE, TO THE WIDE RANGE OF EFFORTS MADE BY THESE TWO PRESIDENTS, TO THE DIPLOMATIC MISSION THAT MR. HOLBROOKE HAS HEADED SO ABLY, AND TO THE RESOLVE OF NATO AND THE UNITED NATIONS IN DEALING WITH THE VIOLATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN PREVIOUS AGREEEMENTS. SO I THINK THE MOMENT IS HERE IF WE CAN SEIZE IT TO MAKE A SUCCESSFUL PEACE AGREEMENT.

    /// END ACT ///

    PRESIDENT CLINTON TOLD THE TWO PRESIDENTS HE HAS SEEN AMAZING MOVES TOWARD PEACE IN THE LAST FEW YEARS IN THE MIDDLE EAST, NORTHERN IRELAND AND SOUTH AFRICA. AS FOR THE BALKANS, ACCORDING TO SPOKESMAN MIKE MCCURRY, THE PRESIDENT ASSURED THEM THE UNITED STATES IS READY TO SEND U-S TROOPS TO ENFORCE ANY PEACE AGREEMENT THE PARTIES CAN AGREE ON. PRESIDENT TUDJMAN TOLD PRESIDENT CLINTON HE WILL REFRAIN FROM ANY MILITARY STEPS AGAINST SERBIAN-OCCUPIED EASTERN SLAVONIA WHILE THE NEGOTIATIONS ARE UNDERWAY. HOWEVER, IN A U-S NEWSPAPER INTERVIEW TUESDAY, PRESIDENT TUDJMAN REPEATED HIS EARLIER THREATS TO BEGIN MILITARY OPERATIONS IN 45 DAYS IF THE NEGOTIATIONS DO NOT SUCCEED. AS FOR PRESIDENT IZETBEGOVIC, PRESIDENT CLINTON ASSURED HIM THE UNITED STATES WANTS AN HONORABLE PEACE IN BOSNIA THAT PRESERVES A UNIFIED STATE. HOWEVER, IN EARLIER REMARKS AT THE UNITED NATIONS, PRESIDENT IZETBEGOVIC CAST DOUBT ON THE GENEVA AGREEMENT THAT DIVIDES BOSNIA INTO TWO ENTITIES BETWEEN THE SERBS AND THE MUSLIM-CROAT FEDERATION.

    /// IZETBEGOVIC ACT ///

    THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT AND ARMY WILL NOT ACCEPT THE DIVISION AND DISINTEGRATION OF OUR COUNTRY, NO MATTER IN WHAT PACKAGING IT MAY BE SERVED. THE DIVISION OF BOSNIA WILL LEAD TO CONTINUATION OF WAR, IMMEDIATELY OR LATER.

    /// END ACT ///

    PRESIDENT IZETBEGOVIC TOLD THE UNITED NATIONS, HE APPROACHES THE DAYTON TALKS WITH THE BEST OF FAITH AND PLENTY OF HOPE. THE MISSING MAN FROM THIS MEETING (IN NEW YORK) WAS SERBIA'S PRESIDENT MILOSEVIC. ALTHOUGH SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO ARE NOT WELCOME IN THE UNITED NATIONS ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATIONS, PRESIDENT MILOSEVIC WILL REPRESENT THE BOSNIAN SERBS IN DAYTON. PRESIDENT CLINTON REJECTS A SUGGESTION FROM SENATOR ROBERT DOLE THAT PRESIDENT MILOSEVIC BE DENIED AN AMERICAN VISA FOR HIS ROLE INCITING THE WAR IN BOSNIA. MR. CLINTON QUOTES ISRAELI PRIME MINISTER YITZHAK RABIN AS SAYING, YOU CANNOT MAKE PEACE WITH YOUR FRIENDS. (SIGNED) NEB/RP/SKH 24-Oct-95 6:53 PM EDT (2253 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [07] E-U / TESTS (L ONLY) BY JOHN FRASER (BRUSSELS)

    DATE=10/24/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-187377
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION SAYS IT BELIEVES THE CONTROVERSIAL FRENCH NUCLEAR TESTS IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC ARE SAFE. AS JOHN FRASER REPORTS FROM BRUSSELS, THE EUROPEAN UNION SAYS IT WILL BE TAKING NO ACTION TO TRY TO PREVENT FURTHER EXPLOSIONS.

    TEXT: EUROPEAN COMMISSION PRESIDENT JACQUES SANTER REVEALED THE RESULTS OF A HIGHLY-CHARGED MEETING OF HIS COMMISSION TEAM IN A STATEMENT TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT.

    HE SAID AFTER SEVERAL REQUESTS, HE HAS BEEN GIVEN ENOUGH INFORMATION BY THE FRENCH TO ASSESS WHETHER THE TESTS POSE A DANGER TO PUBLIC HEALTH.

    MR. SANTER, SPEAKING THROUGH AN INTERPRETER, TOLD THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT HE IS SATISFIED THERE IS NO SERIOUS RISK.

    /// ACT SANTER ///

    THE ANALYSIS OF THE VOLUME OF INFORMATION AND ALSO THE EXPERTS' REPORTS, WHO WERE IN SITU, WE BELIEVE THAT THESE TESTS DO NOT GIVE RISE TO A SIGNIFICANT THREAT TO WORKERS IN THE POPULATION, GIVEN THE PARTICULAR CIRCUMSTANCE IN WHICH THEY TOOK PLACE.

    /// END ACT ///

    PRESIDENT SANTER SAID THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION PLANS TO CONTINUE ITS MONITORING OF THE TEST SITES -- TO KEEP TRACK OF RADIATION LEVELS.

    HIS STATEMENT PROVOKED AN ANGRY RESPONSE FROM THE SOCIALIST LEADER IN THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, PAULINE GREEN. SHE SAID THE CAMPAIGN AGAINST THE TESTS WILL CONTINUE. SHE SAID SHE WAS NOT SURPRISED INFORMATION FROM PARIS SUGGESTS THERE IS NO SIGNIFICANT RISK FROM RADIATION, BUT SHE QUESTIONED WHETHER THE FRENCH INFORMATION IS TO BE BELIEVED.

    /// OPT ///

    SHE ALSO NOTED TWO TESTS TOOK PLACE BEFORE PRESIDENT CHIRAC DISCLOSED TO THE EUROPEAN UNION ALL THE NECESSARY INFORMATION THAT HAD BEEN REQUESTED IN JUNE. SHE SAID GETTING INFORMATION FROM PARIS IS LIKE EXTRACTING A BAD TOOTH. /// END OPT ///

    MRS. GREEN ACCUSED THE FRENCH OF RISKING THE HEALTH AND DAMAGING THE ECONOMIES OF THE COUNTRIES IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC REGION. SHE SAID SHE HAS DEEP SYMPATHY FOR THE PEOPLE OF THE REGION.

    /// ACT GREEN ///

    PEOPLE WHO DEEPLY RESENT THIS LATE 20TH CENTURY COLONIALISM, AND WHO HAVE BEEN SHAMED BY THEIR INABILITY TO PREVENT THEIR PERSONAL SPACE BEING USED IN SUCH A FASHION BY A FAR OFF POWER. AND PRESIDENT, WE SHARE THAT SHAME, BECAUSE WE TOO HAVE BEEN UNABLE TO PREVENT ONE OF OUR PARTNERS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION FROM BEHAVING WITH SUCH DISDAIN AND DISRESPECT. (APPLAUSE)

    /// OPT ///

    AND I RETURN PRESIDENT TO WHAT I SAID IN JULY AND SEPTEMBER IN THIS HOUSE ON BEHALF OF THE SOCIALIST GROUP. OUR CRITERIA IS NOT WHETHER THESE TESTS ARE SAFE OR NOT. WE BELIEVE THESE TESTS ARE UNWANTED AND UNNECESSARY. WE ARE OPPOSED TO THEM IN PRINCIPLE. FOR US THE CAMPAIGN TO PREVENT THEM WILL CONTINUE BOTH IN THIS HOUSE AND POLITICALLY OUTSIDE OF IT. /// END OPT ///

    /// END ACT ///

    IF THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION HAD FOUND THE FRENCH FAILED TO ABIDE BY THEIR OBLIGATIONS UNDER EUROPEAN LAW, THE FRENCH GOVERNMENT COULD HAVE BEEN TAKEN BEFORE THE EUROPEAN COURT. AS IT IS, THE ISSUE HAS OFFICIALLY BEEN LAID TO REST. ( SIGNED)

    NEB/JF/JWH/RAE
    24-Oct-95 8:58 AM EDT (1258 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [08] GERMANY / BOSNIA (S ONLY) BY KYLE KING (BONN)

    DATE=10/24/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-187382
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE GERMAN GOVERNMENT HAS ANNOUNCED IT WILL OFFER FOUR-THOUSAND TROOPS TO THE MULTI-NATIONAL FORCE THAT IS BEING PUT TOGETHER TO POLICE AN EVENTUAL PEACE SETTLEMENT IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. AS V-O-A'S KYLE KING REPORTS FROM BONN, THE DECISION MARKS ANOTHER IMPORTANT STEP FOR GERMANY, WHICH HAS BEEN SLOWLY CASTING OFF ITS POST WORLD-WAR-TWO RELUCTANCE TO DEPLOY TROOPS ABROAD.

    TEXT: THE DECISION TO OFFER THE FOUR-THOUSAND TROOPS CAME AT A CABINET MEETING ATTENDED BY CHANCELLOR HELMUT KOHL, WHO DECIDED EARLIER THIS MONTH THAT GERMANY SHOULD CONTRIBUTE TO THE INTERNATIONAL FORCE.

    ALTHOUGH THE DECISION MUST STILL BE APPROVED BY PARLIAMENT, MOST ANALYSTS EXPECT THE CHANCELLOR TO GET THE VOTES HE NEEDS BECAUSE OF THE HUMANITARIAN NATURE OF THE DEPLOYMENT.

    DEFENSE MINISTRY OFFICIALS SAY THE TROOPS WILL BE TAKEN MOSTLY FROM ENGINEERING, LOGISTICS, TRANSPORTATION, AND MEDICAL UNITS.

    THE TROOPS WILL BE ABLE TO OPERATE IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA, BUT MOST WILL BE BASED IN NEARBY CROATIA TO AVOID ANY POSSIBLE CONFLICT WITH THE BOSNIAN SERBS.

    MANY SERBS STILL HAVE VIVID MEMORIES OF THE ATROCITIES COMMITTED BY NAZI TROOPS DURING WORLD WAR TWO, AND GERMAN LEADERS HAVE BEEN ANXIOUS TO AVOID TAKING ANY ACTION THAT WOULD INFLAME THOSE MEMORIES. (SIGNED)

    NEB/KBK/JWH
    24-Oct-95 11:21 AM EDT (1521 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [09] U-N 50 WRAP BY ELAINE JOHANSON (UNITED NATIONS)

    DATE=10/24/95
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-31444
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    ///LONG CR FOR CLOSING EVENTS COMES VERY LATE TONIGHT///

    INTRO: THE UNITED NATIONS IS NOW LAUNCHED INTO ITS NEXT HALF CENTURY -- AFTER THE WORLD'S LEADERS SPENT THE LAST THREE DAYS HAILING ITS PAST ACHIEVEMENTS. NEW YORK HAS BEEN THE SCENE OF A BIG BIRTHDAY PARTY SINCE SUNDAY -- WITH MORE THAN 180 HEADS OF STATE, PRIME MINISTERS, KINGS, AND SPECIAL ENVOYS PRESENT FOR THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY. V-O-A CORRESPONDENT ELAINE JOHANSON REPORTS:

    TEXT: OUTSIDE THE U-N BUILDING -- GROUPS OF DEMONSTRATORS PROTESTED WHILE NATIONAL LEADERS SPOKE INSIDE. THERE WERE THE PRO-CASTRO AND ANTI-CASTRO CUBANS, TIBETAN HUNGER STRIKERS AGAINST CHINA -- EVEN A GREENPEACE HANGGLIDER OVER NEW YORK'S EAST RIVER OBJECTING TO FRENCH NUCLEAR TESTING IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC. INDOORS, A MARATHON OF SPEECH-MAKING REFLECTED A SENSE OF PURPOSE TO KEEPING THE UNITED NATIONS A VITAL INSTITUTION. IT SERVED AT THE VERY LEAST, SOME SAID, AS A PLACE TO TALK OVER DIFFERENCES. AT BEST, THE U-N HAD SAVED LIVES OVER 50 YEARS -- IMPROVED THE LOT OF THE WORLD'S CHILDREN AND REFUGEES AND EVEN SUCCESSFULLY BUFFERED COLD WAR CONFLICTS.

    SECRETARY-GENERAL BOUTROS BOUTROS-GHALI TOASTED NATIONAL LEADERS AT A LUNCHEON ON THE LAST DAY. HE SAID THE MEETING WAS GOOD -- MAYBE EVEN HISTORIC:

    ///S-G ACT///

    IT IS NOT ALWAYS POSSIBLE FOR THE WORLD'S LEADERS TO MEET AND ADDRESS THE FUTURE. BUT FOR THREE DAYS WE HAVE BEEN A COMMUNITY OF ONE. WE HAVE UNDERSTOOD THE CHANGES. WE HAVE RECOGNIZED THE COMPLEXITY. WE HAVE LOOKED TO THE FUTURE AND SEE THE WAY FORWARD.

    ///END ACT///

    DISCONTENT OVER THE STATE OF THE WORLD AND THE ORGANIZATION THAT OVERSEES IT RANG CLEARLY THROUGH THE CELEBRATORY NOTES. AFRICAN COUNTRIES COMPLAINED OVER THE INVESTMENT IN BOSNIA COMPARED WITH DIMINISHING DEVELOPMENT FUNDS FOR THEM. UGANDA SAID IT WOULD PROSPER WITH OR WITHOUT ASSISTANCE. RWANDA BLAMED THE REGION'S TROUBLES ON THE LEGACY OF COLONIALISM.

    CHINA WARNED AGAINST USING DEMOCRACY AND HUMAN RIGHTS AS AN EXCUSE TO INTERVENE IN ITS AFFAIRS. GREECE BLAMED THE U-N FOR FAILING TO HEAL THE DIVISION ON CYPRUS. RUSSIA WORRIED ABOUT NATO'S ENCROACHMENT IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE.

    AND ALMOST EVERYONE CRITICIZED THE UNITED STATES FOR BEING THE U-N'S BIGGEST DEBTOR, EVEN AS PRESIDENT CLINTON EXPLAINED HE IS TRYING TO MOVE THE U-S CONGRESS TOWARD PAYING THE U-N IN FULL.

    SCORES OF PROPOSALS FOR REFORMING THE U-N EMERGED IN THE THREE DAYS. WESTERN LEADERS TALKED ABOUT CUTTING WASTE, ABOLISHING SOME U-N AGENCIES, AND GETTING THE U-N'S PRIORITIES RE-FOCUSED FOR THE REST OF THE DECADE. LARGE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEMANDED REPRESENTATION ON THE 15-MEMBER SECURITY COUNCIL, WHICH HAS BEEN EXPANDED ONLY ONCE IN 50 YEARS.

    A FINAL DECLARATION ON BEHALF OF THE WORLD'S LEADERS REAFFIRMS THEIR COMMITMENT TO THE PRINCIPLES OF THE U-N CHARTER. AS MOST U-N DOCUMENTS, IT IS VAGUE ENOUGH NOT TO OFFEND ANYONE. OBSERVERS AGREE THE U-N HAS BEEN GIVEN THE GO-AHEAD FOR THE NEXT 50 YEARS -- BUT ITS FUTURE COURSE HAS YET TO BE FULLY DEFINED. (SIGNED)

    NEB/EJ/BG
    24-Oct-95 2:31 PM EDT (1831 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [10] U-S / RUSSIA / BOSNIA (S) BY DAVID GOLLUST (PENTAGON)

    DATE=10/24/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-187397
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: U-S DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY AND RUSSIAN DEFENSE MINISTER PAVEL GRACHEV WILL MEET THURSDAY IN WASHINGTON TO DISCUSS THE RUSSIAN ROLE IN BOSNIAN PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS. THE DEFENSE CHIEFS HAVE BEEN GIVEN THE TASK BY PRESIDENTS CLINTON AND YELTSIN TO RESOLVE THE THORNY ISSUE OF WHO WOULD COMMAND A RUSSIAN CONTINGENT IN BOSNIA. V-O-A'S DAVID GOLLUST REPORTS FROM THE PENTAGON.

    TEXT: THE TWO PRESIDENTS REPORTED SOME PROGRESS AT THEIR SUMMIT TALKS IN HYDE PARK (NEW YORK) ON THE ISSUE OF HOW RUSSIAN FORCES ARE TO FIT IN TO WHAT IS TO BE A LARGE NATO-LED PEACE FORCE IN BOSNIA.

    BUT THEY HAVE LEFT IT TO MR. PERRY AND DEFENSE MINISTER GRACHEV TO DEAL WITH THE DIFFICULT PROBLEM POSED BY MR. YELTSIN'S REFUSAL TO HAVE RUSSIAN TROOPS UNDER NATO COMMAND.

    THE TWO DEFENSE CHIEFS WILL MEET AT THE PENTAGON THURSDAY -- AND PRESUMABLY CONTINUE THEIR DIALOGUE FRIDAY WHEN THEY VISIT FORT RILEY, KANSAS, WHERE SOLDIERS FROM THE TWO COUNTRIES WILL BE TAKING PART IN JOINT PEACEKEEPING EXERCISES.

    U-S OFFICIALS SAY ACCOMMODATING RUSSIA'S DESIRE TO TAKE PART IN BOSNIAN PEACEKEEPING, ONCE A SETTLEMENT IS REACHED BY THE PARTIES, IS IMPORTANT TO THE FUTURE SECURITY OF EUROPE.

    BUT THEY ALSO SAY DIVIDING THE COMMAND STRUCTURE OF A BOSNIAN FORCE BETWEEN NATO AND RUSSIAN OFFICERS WOULD BE A RECIPE FOR TROUBLE. COMPROMISE SCENARIOS HAVE RUSSIAN TROOPS TECHNICALLY WORKING UNDER THE U-N FLAG, AND INVOLVED IN SUCH TASKS AS INFRASTRUCTURE REBUILDING AND MINE-CLEARING OPERATIONS. (SIGNED)

    NEB/DAG/BG
    24-Oct-95 3:37 PM EDT (1937 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    Back to Top
    Copyright 1995-2016 HR-Net (Hellenic Resources Network). An HRI Project.
    All Rights Reserved.

    HTML by the HR-Net Group / Hellenic Resources Institute, Inc.
    voa2html v1.01 run on Thursday, 26 October 1995 - 0:28:59