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Voice of America Digest, 25 October 1995

From: yanni@ix.netcom.com (Ioannis Bousnakis)

Voice of America Directory

CONTENTS

  • [01] !!! VOA DIGEST - OCTOBER 25, 1995


  • [01] !!! VOA DIGEST - OCTOBER 25, 1995

    DATE=10/25/95
    TYPE=ADVISORY
    CONTENT=

    VOA DIGEST - 10/25/95

    THE FOLLOWING IS A SYNOPSIS OF SIGNIFICANT REPORTING BY THE VOICE OF AMERICA THAT HAD BEEN BROADCAST OR FIRMLY SCHEDULED AT THE TIME OF PUBLICATION. THIS SELECTION IS NOT INTENDED TO BE EXHAUSTIVE, AND DOES NOT INCLUDE LATE-BREAKING NEWS OR THE MANY REPORTS IN ALL VOA LANGUAGES THAT ARE BASED ON COMMERCIAL WIRE SERVICES OR OTHER SECONDARY SOURCES. WE REGRET THAT WE CANNOT RESPOND TO REQUESTS FOR TRANSCRIPTS OF SPECIFIC BROADCASTS OR PROGRAM SEGMENTS. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT VOA, OFFICE OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS. TELEPHONE: +1-202-619-2538. ELECTRONIC MAIL: LETTERS@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE FROM OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES); LETTERS-USA@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE WITHIN THE UNITED STATES).

    REPORTS BY VOA CENTRAL NEWS SERVICE:

    CLINTON / JIANG -- TOP CLINTON ADMINISTRATION OFFICIALS SAY PRESIDENT CLINTON'S TWO-HOUR MEETING TUESDAY WITH CHINESE PRESIDENT JIANG ZEMIN WAS THE BEST OF THE THREE MEETINGS THEY HAVE HAD TO DATE. THE OFFICIALS SAY THE TWO LEADERS AGREED ON THE IMPORTANCE OF THE RELATIONSHIP AND THE NEED TO BROADEN THEIR BILATERAL AGENDA. BUT THEY ACKNOWLEDGE SERIOUS DIFFERENCES REMAIN. CORRESPONDENT DAVID BORGIDA REPORTS. (10/24)

    CLINTON / JIANG SUMMIT -- DID THE MEETING BETWEEN PRESIDENT CLINTON AND THE CHINESE PRESIDENT IN NEW YORK MAKE ANY PROGRESS IN IMPROVING SINO-AMERICAN RELATIONS? CURRENT AFFAIRS' STEPHANIE MANN INTERVIEWS JAN BERRIS, OF THE NATIONAL COMMITTEE ON US-CHINA RELATIONS, ABOUT THE RESULTS OF THE SUMMIT. (10/25)

    CHINA / UNGA -- CHINESE PRESIDENT JIANG ZEMIN REMINDED THE WORLD COMMUNITY TUESDAY CHINA WILL NOT TOLERATE ANY INTERFERENCE ON THE ISSUE OF TAIWAN WHICH CHINA CONSIDERS REBEL-HELD TERRITORY. CORRESPONDENT ELAINE JOHANSON REPORTS THE CHINESE LEADER ADDRESSED THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY SESSION OF THE UNITED NATIONS IN NEW YORK BEFORE HIS SCHEDULED MEETING WITH PRESIDENT CLINTON. (10/24)

    WHAT PRICE FREEDOM -- PRESIDENT CLINTON MET WITH CHINESE PRESIDENT JIANG ZEMIN (TUESDAY) AT NEW YORK'S LINCOLN CENTER FOR THE PERFORMING ARTS. THE MEETING WAS MOVED FROM THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY, AFTER CHINA OBJECTED TO AN EXHIBIT TELLING THE STORIES OF PEOPLE WHO HAVE TAKEN GREAT RISKS FOR FREEDOM, INCLUDING CHINESE STUDENTS WHO LAUNCHED THE 1989 PRO-DEMOCRACY DEMONSTRATIONS IN BEIJING. REPORTER MELISSA WINKLER ATTENDED THE OPENING OF THE EXHIBIT. (10/24)

    CLINTON / FOREIGN POLICY -- FOR THE PAST FEW DAYS IN NEW YORK CITY, PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS IMMERSED HIMSELF IN FOREIGN POLICY. WHILE PRESSING FOR PEACE IN BOSNIA, HE HAS ADDRESSED THE UNITED NATIONS, MET WITH SOUTH AFRICAN PRESIDENT NELSON MANDELA, RUSSIAN PRESIDENT BORIS YELTSIN AND CHINESE PRESIDENT JIANG ZEMIN, AMONG OTHERS. BUT US POLITICAL EXPERTS HAVE LONG BELIEVED THAT A PRESIDENT'S POLITICAL APPEAL IS DRIVEN MOSTLY BY DOMESTIC POLICY. WITH THE 1996 RE-ELECTION CAMPAIGN HEATING UP, CORRESPONDENT DAVID BORGIDA REPORTS ON WHETHER THIS FOCUS ON FOREIGN POLICY HAS IMPRESSED NEW YORK VOTERS. (10/24)

    RUSSIA / SUMMIT REACT -- RUSSIAN PRESIDENT BORIS YELTSIN HAS RETURNED TO MOSCOW FROM HIS MEETING WITH PRESIDENT CLINTON, ABLE TO SAY HE DEFENDED RUSSIAN INTERESTS IN THE FACE OF INCREASINGLY DIFFICULT US DEMANDS. BUT AS CORRESPONDENT ELIZABETH ARROTT REPORTS FROM MOSCOW, TWO KEY ISSUES DIVIDING THE COUNTRIES REMAIN UNRESOLVED. (10/24)

    BOSNIA / WAR CRIMES -- THE INTERNATIONAL WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA HAS DELAYED THE BEGINNING OF ITS FIRST TRIAL. THE CASE AGAINST DUSAN TADIC, A FORMER SERB PRISON GUARD AT A CAMP IN NORTHWESTERN BOSNIA, WAS POSTPONED UNTIL MAY. THE COURT ANNOUNCED ITS DECISION AFTER A LAWYER FOR THE DEFENSE ARGUED HE COULD NOT PREPARE AN ADEQUATE CASE EARLIER. STRINGERGILLIAN SHARPE REPORTS FROM THE HAGUE, NETHERLANDS. (10/24)

    BOSNIA / UN -- BOSNIAN PRESIDENT ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC LECTURED THE UNITED NATIONS DURING ITS 50TH ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATIONS ABOUT UNFULFILLED RESOLUTIONS REGARDING BOSNIA. CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM THE UNITED NATIONS. (10/24)

    CLINTON / BOSNIA -- PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS MET WITH THE PRESIDENTS OF BOSNIA AND CROATIA IN NEW YORK TO URGE THEM TO COMPLETE WORK ON A PEACE AGREEMENT AT TALKS NEXT WEEK OUTSIDE DAYTON, OHIO. CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS THE BALKAN LEADERS WERE MORE CONCILIATORY IN THEIR MEETING WITH PRESIDENT CLINTON THAN THEY WERE IN OTHER STATEMENTS. (10/24)

    US / RUSSIA / BOSNIA -- US DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY AND RUSSIAN DEFENSE MINISTER PAVEL GRACHEV WILL MEET THURSDAY IN WASHINGTON TO DISCUSS THE RUSSIAN ROLE IN BOSNIAN PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS. THE DEFENSE CHIEFS HAVE BEEN ASKED BY PRESIDENTS CLINTON AND YELTSIN TO RESOLVE THE THORNY ISSUE OF WHO WOULD COMMAND A RUSSIAN CONTINGENT IN BOSNIA. CORRESPONDENT DAVID GOLLUST REPORTS. (10/24)

    RUSSIAN PARTICIPATION IN THE BOSNIA PLAN -- CURRENT AFFAIRS' ERICA BENIS LOOKS AT THE DIFFICULTIES AND POSSIBILITIES TO INTEGRATE RUSSIAN TROOPS IN A NATO PEACEKEEPING OPERATION IN BOSNIA. COMMENTS FROM TERENCE TAYLOR, ASSISTANT DIRECTOR OF THE LONDON-BASED INSTITUTE FOR INTERNATIONAL AND STRATEGIC STUDIES AND JOHN HILLEN, DEFENSE ANALYST FOR THE HERITAGE FOUNDATION. (10/25)

    GERMANY / BOSNIA -- THE GERMAN GOVERNMENT HAS ANNOUNCED IT WILL OFFER FOUR THOUSAND TROOPS TO THE MULTINATIONAL FORCE THAT IS BEING PUT TOGETHER TO POLICE AN EVENTUAL PEACE SETTLEMENT IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. AS CORRESPONDENT KYLE KING REPORTS FROM BONN, THE DECISION MARKS ANOTHER IMPORTANT STEP FOR GERMANY, WHICH HAS BEEN SLOWLY CASTING OFF ITS POST WORLD WAR II RELUCTANCE TO DEPLOY TROOPS ABROAD. (10/24)

    BOSNIA / PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT -- AS EFFORTS MOVE FORWARD TO HOLD PEACE TALKS AIMED AT ENDING THE CONFLICT IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA, MEDICAL EXPERTS PREDICT THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AFTEREFFECTS OF THE CONFLICT ARE LIKELY TO BE LONG-LASTING. THAT WAS THE TOPIC OF DISCUSSION THIS WEEK AMONG PHYSICIANS AND SOCIAL WORKERS AT A SPECIAL GATHERING IN CHICAGO. CORRESPONDENT PAUL FRANCUCH REPORTS. (10/24)

    CHECHNYA / SHOOTING -- POLICE IN THE CHECHEN CAPITAL GROZNY, FIRED INTO A CROWD OF ANTI-RUSSIAN PROTESTERS, APPARENTLY KILLING ONE AND WOUNDING FOUR OTHERS. STRINGER PETER HEINLEIN IN MOSCOW REPORTS THE PROTEST WAS SPARKED BY THE APPOINTMENT OF A FORMER SOVIET OFFICIAL AS HEAD OF CHECHNYA'S RUSSIAN-BACKED ADMINISTRATION. (10/24)

    AFGHANISTAN / PEACE PLAN -- THE UNITED NATIONS SPECIAL ENVOY TO AFGHANISTAN, MAHMOUD MESTIRI HAS TABLED A NEW PLAN FOR ACHIEVING PEACE IN AFGHANISTAN. REPORTER TIM JOHNSTON IN KABUL SAYS THE UNITED NATIONS HAS FAILED BEFORE AND THIS PLAN ALREADY HAS ITS CRITICS. (10/24)

    ZANZIBAR / PROTEST -- THE OPPOSITION PARTY IN ZANZIBAR HAS REJECTED THE RESULTS OF SUNDAY'S MULTI-PARTY PRESIDENTIAL AND PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS, WHICH WERE WON BY THE RULING CCM PARTY. AS EAST AFRICA CORRESPONDENT ALEX BELIDA REPORTS FROM ZANZIBAR TOWN, TENSIONS ROSE AS THE OPPOSITION CLAIMED THE VOTING HAD BEEN MARRED BY IRREGULARITIES. (10/24)

    IVORY COAST / POLITICS -- IVORIAN PRESIDENT HENRI KONAN BEDIE HAS WON A NEW FIVE-YEAR TERM IN OFFICE AFTER A LANDSLIDE VICTORY AT THE POLLS SUNDAY. BUT THE CAMPAIGN LEADING UP TO THE ELECTION LEFT MANY ISSUES UNANSWERED. CORRESPONDENT PURNELL MURDOCK REPORTS FROM THE IVORIAN COMMERCIAL CAPITAL, ABIDJAN. (10/24)

    SENATE / JERUSALEM EMBASSY -- THE US SENATE HAS VOTED OVERWHELMINGLY TO MOVE THE AMERICAN EMBASSY IN ISRAEL FROM TEL AVIV TO JERUSALEM. CORRESPONDENT DAVID SWAN REPORTS THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES IS EXPECTED TO PASS A SIMILAR BILL. (10/24)

    CONGRESS / JERUSALEM -- IN A MOVE SURE TO CREATE CONTROVERSY IN THE MIDDLE EAST, THE UNITED STATES CONGRESS HAS VOTED TO MOVE THE US EMBASSY IN ISRAEL FROM TEL AVIV TO JERUSALEM BY MAY 31, 1999. CORRESPONDENT PAULA WOLFSON REPORTS THE MEASURE PASSED BOTH THE HOUSE AND SENATE BY OVERWHELMING MARGINS. (10/24)

    CLINTON / JERUSALEM -- PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS DECIDED NOT ALLOW CONGRESSIONAL LEGISLATION DIRECTING THE US TO MOVE ITS EMBASSY IN ISRAEL TO JERUSALEM BY 1999, TO CHANGE AMERICAN POLICY TOWARD THE ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN NEGOTIATIONS. CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS PRESIDENT CLINTON WILL NOT VETO THE LEGISLATION EITHER. (10/24)

    PELLETREAU / US / JERUSALEM -- A CLINTON ADMINISTRATION OFFICIAL SAYS TUESDAY'S SENATE VOTE TO TRANSFER THE US EMBASSY IN ISRAEL FROM TEL AVIV TO JERUSALEM IS SENDING THE WRONG SIGNAL TO PARTIES IN THE MIDDLE EAST PEACE PROCESS. STAFFER IMANI CROSBY REPORTS ON ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE FOR NEAR EASTERN AFFAIRS, ROBERT PELLETREAU'S COMMENTS TO FOREIGN CORRESPONDENTS IN WASHINGTON TUESDAY. (10/24)

    PELLETREAU / AMMAN SUMMIT -- A CLINTON ADMINISTRATION OFFICIAL SAYS THE UPCOMING MIDDLE EAST ECONOMIC SUMMIT IN AMMAN, JORDAN (OCTOBER 29-31) IS AN IMPORTANT OPPORTUNITY TO STRENGTHEN THE ECONOMIC BASE FOR PEACE IN THE REGION. ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE ROBERT PELLETREAU SAID THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION HAS SPECIFIC GOALS IN MIND FOR THIS SUMMIT. STAFFER IMANI CROSBY REPORTS. (10/24)

    WEST BANK / AUTONOMY -- WITH WEST BANK CITIES IN THE FINAL STAGES OF PREPARATIONS FOR AUTONOMY, MANY OFFICIALS ARE LOOKING TOWARD THE CITY OF JERICHO FOR HINTS ON WHAT TO DO AND WHAT NOT TO DO. JERICHO, ALONG WITH THE GAZA STRIP, HAS ALREADY BEEN AUTONOMOUS FOR A YEAR-AND-A-HALF. CORRESPONDENT AL PESSIN VISITED JERICHO AND REPORTS ON WHAT THE OTHER WEST BANK CITIES CAN EXPECT. (10/24)

    PERRY / JAPAN / KOREA -- THE DEFENSE DEPARTMENT SAYS IT IS WILLING TO CONSIDER READJUSTING THE US MILITARY PRESENCE ON OKINAWA, WHERE LOCAL SENTIMENT TOWARD AMERICAN TROOPS HAS GROWN INCREASINGLY HOSTILE. US DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY WILL DISCUSS THE ISSUE ON A VISIT TO JAPAN NEXT WEEK. CORRESPONDENT DAVID GOLLUST REPORTS. (10/24)

    QUEBEC / VOTE -- POLLS SHOWING QUEBEC COULD VOTE TO SEPARATE FROM CANADA ON OCTOBER 30, SENT SHOCK WAVES THROUGH THE NATION'S FINANCIAL MARKETS ON MONDAY. ALTHOUGH THE MARKETS RECOVERED SLIGHTLY ON TUESDAY, ANALYSTS REMAIN CONCERNED A SEPARATIST VICTORY COULD PROPEL CANADA AND QUEBEC INTO A LONG PERIOD OF ECONOMIC UNCERTAINTY. STRINGER BARRY BROWN REPORTS. (10/24)

    ARGENTINA / IRAN -- ARGENTINE AUTHORITIES ARE INVESTIGATING THE SHOOTING INJURY OF AN IRANI DIPLOMAT SATURDAY, BUT ARE NOT CONVINCED IT WAS A TERRORIST ATTACK, AS ALLEGED BY IRAN. CORRESPONDENT GEORGE MEEK REPORTS. (10/24)

    US / COLOMBIA DRUGS -- COLOMBIAN PRESIDENT ERNESTO SAMPER SAYS THE UNITED STATES AND HIS COUNTRY MUST PUT ASIDE RECENT TENSIONS AND CONTINUE THEIR PARTNERSHIP IN THE WAR AGAINST DRUGS. CORRESPONDENT BARBARA SCHOETZAU REPORTS. (10/24)

    PERRY / MEXICO -- DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY ENDED HIS THREE-DAY VISIT TO MEXICO, STRESSING THE NEED FOR INCREASED SECURITY COOPERATION BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES. MR. PERRY, WHO WAS INVITED BY MEXICAN DEFENSE MINISTER ENRIQUE CERVANTES, IS THE FIRST US DEFENSE SECRETARY EVER TO VISIT MEXICO. STRINGER CINDY LAVANDEROS REPORTS. (10/24)

    EAST EUROPE / PROPERTY MARKET -- PROPERTY MARKETS ARE FLOURISHING IN POST-COMMUNIST EUROPE, AT LEAST IN THE CAPITAL CITIES. CORRESPONDENT BARRY WOOD IN PRAGUE REPORTS THAT IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC A STABLE CURRENCY, RELATIVELY LOW TAXES, AND POLITICAL STABILITY HAVE CONTRIBUTED TO THE GROWTH OF THE COMMERCIAL AND RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY MARKET. (10/24)

    SENATE BUDGET -- THE US SENATE IS SCHEDULED TO START DEBATE WEDNESDAY ON A MASSIVE REPUBLICAN BILL DESIGNED TO BALANCE THE FEDERAL BUDGET IN THE NEXT SEVEN YEARS. WHILE MOST DEMOCRATS STRONGLY OPPOSE THE PLAN, AND PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS THREATENED A VETO, IT IS EXPECTED TO PASS BOTH HOUSES OF CONGRESS. CORRESPONDENT DAVID SWAN REPORTS. (10/24)

    UN 50 / FINANCIAL WRAP -- MONEY PROBLEMS THOSE OF THE UNITED NATIONS WERE A DOMINANT THEME OF THE UN'S 50TH ANNIVERSARY OBSERVANCE. AS THREE DAYS OF MARATHON SPEECH-MAKING WOUND TO A CLOSE TUESDAY THE PREOCCUPATION WITH THE UN'S FINANCIAL VIABILITY DID NOT DIMINISH. CORRESPONDENT ELAINE JOHANSON REPORTS. (10/24)

    AIRLINE PROFITS SOAR -- RECENT QUARTERLY PROFIT REPORTS FROM THE MAJOR AIRLINES IN THE UNITED STATES ARE ALL POINTING IN THE SAME DIRECTION, NAMELY, UP. CORRESPONDENT PAUL FRANCUCH REPORTS THE TREND IS DUE TO A VARIETY OF FACTORS WHICH LEAD ANALYSTS TO BELIEVE THE IMMEDIATE INDUSTRY TREND IS FOR SMOOTH SAILING. (10/24)

    REFORM PARTY / CALIFORNIA -- BILLIONAIRE TEXAS BUSINESSMAN ROSS PEROT SAYS HIS SUPPORTERS HAVE SIGNED UP ENOUGH VOTERS TO QUALIFY A NEW POLITICAL PARTY IN CALIFORNIA, AMERICA'S MOST POPULOUS STATE. AS CORRESPONDENT ALAN SILVERMAN REPORTS, ELECTION OFFICIALS SAY IT WILL BE NOVEMBER BEFORE THE CLAIM CAN BE VERIFIED. (10/24)

    GENETIC FACTORS / VIOLENT BEHAVIOR -- DAVID GOLDMAN OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON ALCOHOL ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM AND PROFESSOR KATHRYN RUSSELL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND DISCUSS RESEARCH THAT PROVIDES SOME EVIDENCE THAT IMPULSIVE AND AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR CAN BE LINKED TO A LOW LEVEL OF CERTAIN BRAIN CHEMICALS, A CONDITION CAUSED BY GENETIC FACTORS. CURRENT AFFAIRS' JESSICA BERMAN REPORTS. (10/25)

    WINSLOW HOMER -- FROM HIS PAINTINGS OF AMERICANS AT WORK, AT WAR, AND AT PLAY TO HIS DEPICTIONS OF MAN'S LIFE AND DEATH STRUGGLE WITH THE SEA, HOMER CREATED PICTURES THAT SPOKE OF AMERICA TO AMERICANS. TODAY, HE IS WIDELY REGARDED AS THE QUINTESSENTIAL AMERICAN ARTIST AND THE GREATEST AMERICAN ARTIST OF THE 19TH CENTURY. THE NATIONAL GALLERY OF ART IN WASHINGTON HAS ORGANIZED THE FIRST MAJOR EXHIBITION OF HOMER'S ART IN MORE THAN 20 YEARS. CURRENT AFFAIRS' SUSAN LOGUE SPOKE WITH CURATORS NICOLAI CIKOVSKY AND FRANKLIN KELLY. (10/25)

    US / ENTREPRENEURS -- A NEW BREED OF ENTREPRENEUR HAS EMERGED IN THE PAST SEVERAL YEARS, THE LONE EAGLE. THIS IS A PERSON WHO UTILIZES MODERN COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY TO CARRY ON BUSINESS FROM A HOME THAT MAY BE LOCATED IN A VERY NON-TRADITIONAL BUSINESS SETTING. CORRESPONDENT GREG FLAKUS REPORTS FROM ELKO, NEVADA, IT IS EVEN POSSIBLE TO CARRY ON INTERNATIONAL TRADING WHILE ENGAGED IN RAISING BUFFALO OUT ON THE RANGE. (10/25)

    US / RUSSIAN STUDIES -- RUSSIAN LANGUAGE TEACHERS ACROSS THE UNITED STATES ARE SOUNDING AN ALARM BELL. THE NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE CENTER AT JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY THAT MONITORS LINGUISTIC STUDIES THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY SAYS STUDENT ENROLLMENT IN RUSSIAN LANGUAGE PROGRAMS AT THE UNIVERSITY LEVEL IS DOWN 30 TO 50 PERCENT COMPARED TO FIVE YEARS AGO. IN SCHOOLS, ON AVERAGE, 20 PERCENT FEWER STUDENTS NOW CHOOSE THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE THAN IN 1990. RUSSIAN SERVICE'S MAXIM KNIAZKOV REPORTS ON THE REASONS FOR THIS LOSS OF INTEREST IN RUSSIA AMID ITS TRANSITION TO DEMOCRACY AND A MARKET ECONOMY. (10/25)

    BOOK WORLD / WOMEN -- A NEW YORK PSYCHIATRIST HAS PUBLISHED A BOOK TO DISPEL WHAT SHE REFERS TO AS THE MOST COMMON "MYTHS" ABOUT WOMEN. CURRENT AFFAIRS' ROBIN RUPLI REPORTS ABOUT THE BOOK AND ITS AUTHOR WHO EXPLAINS HOW SOME OF THESE MISCONCEPTIONS GOT STARTED. (10/25)

    DARK CARNIVAL / HORROR-FILMS -- JUST IN TIME FOR HALLOWEEN, THERE'S A NEW BOOK ABOUT THE DIRECTOR OF ONE OF AMERICA'S FAVORITE HORROR MOVIES. THE 1931 VAMPIRE STORY "DRACULA" IS THE BEST-KNOWN OF THE HORROR AND SUSPENSE FILMS DIRECTED BY TOD BROWNING. BROWNING'S CAREER AND SUCCESS BEGAN IN THE SILENT ERA, BUT HIS FORTUNES CHANGED SOON AFTER "DRACULA," WHEN HE MADE THE CONTROVERSIAL MOVIE "FREAKS." CURRENT AFFAIRS' CHUCK RICH EXAMINES BROWNING'S CAREER WITH THE HELP OF "DRACULA" CLIPS AND ELIAS SAVADA, CO-AUTHOR OF THE NEW BROWNING BIOGRAPHY "DARK CARNIVAL." (10/25)

    MONTANA / ORGANIC FARMING -- ONE WAY OF MAKING SMALL FARMS PROFITABLE IS TO CONVERT TO ORGANIC FARMING. BOB QUINN DID THAT AND STARTED A BUSINESS THAT HE HOPES WILL KEEP HIM AND OTHER FARMERS IN THE BUSINESS OF FARMING. CURRENT AFFAIRS' CAROL PEARSON REPORTS. (10/25)

    US / OLYMPIC SOCCER -- THE US SOCCER FEDERATION HAS SELECTED BRUCE ARENA TO LEAD THE US NATIONAL TEAM IN THE 1996 SUMMER OLYMPIC GAMES IN ATLANTA. STAFFER JIM STEVENSON REPORTS ON ONE OF THE MOST SUCCESSFUL COLLEGE COACHES IN THE UNITED STATES. (10/24)

    VOA REPORTS IN INDIVIDUAL LANGUAGES:

    INSIDE USA:

    AIDS / AFRO-AMERICANS / HISPANICS -- A PRIVATE GROUP IN CALIFORNIA ADVOCATED FOR DISTRIBUTION OF CLEAN SYRINGES TO DRUG USERS DUE TO THE FASTER INCREASE OF AIDS AMONG AFRO-AMERICANS AND HISPANICS. CORRESPONDENT HECTOR VELAZQUEZ MEJIA REPORTS FROM LOS ANGELES. (SPANISH 10/25)

    US / TURKEY / BUSINESS -- A TWO DAY SEMINAR IN LOS ANGELES WILL BRING TOGETHER US AND TURKISH BUSINESSMEN, TECHNICAL EXPERTS, DIPLOMATS AND ACADEMICIANS FOR A DISCUSSION ON TURKEY'S LARGE SCALE IRRIGATION AND HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER PROJECT, THE SOUTHEASTERN ANATOLIA PROJECT. TURKISH STAFFER HALE EBIRI INTERVIEWS NURAY ZEARBIE OF THE TURKISH-AMERICAN ASSOCIATIONS, WHO ORGANIZED THE MEETING. MS ZEARBIE SAYS THE PROJECT IS NEARLY COMPLETE AND THE SEMINAR IS INTENDED TO INFORM AND ATTRACT US AGRI-BUSINESSES AND HIGH TECH COMPANIES ABOUT INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN SOUTHEAST TURKEY. (TURKISH 10/24)

    FORMER HOSTAGE / TERRY WAITE -- AS AN ASSISTANT TO THE ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY, ENGLISHMAN TERRY WAITE WENT TO THE MIDDLE EAST IN AN ATTEMPT TO WIN THE RELEASE OF HOSTAGES. INSTEAD, HE BECAME A HOSTAGE HIMSELF, AND BEGAN AN ORDEAL LASTING ALMOST 18 HUNDRED DAYS. MR WAITE JOINED TALK TO AMERICA AND DISCUSSED HIS FIVE YEARS IN CAPTIVITY, THE LESSONS LEARNED AND THE LASTING IMPACT. (ENGLISH 10/25)

    TOP QUARK DISCOVERY / INDIAN SCIENTISTS -- DR BOAZ KLIMA, HEAD OF THE GROUP RESPONSIBLE FOR RESEARCH OF THE HITHERTO ELUSIVE PARTICLE AT FERMILAB NEAR CHICAGO, HAS HIGH PRAISE FOR THE BRILLIANCE AND DEDICATION OF INDIAN SCIENTISTS. POST-DOCTORAL FELLOW DR MEENAKSHI NARAIN, AND PUNJAB UNIVERSITY RESEARCH STUDENTS SAILESH CHOPRA AND VIPIN BHATNAGAR TALK ABOUT THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS IN THE RESEARCH. STAFFER GULSHAN MADHUR REPORTS. (HINDI 10/23)

    DNA / RESEARCH -- LOS ANGELES STAFFER MOHAMMAD RAZAVI FEATURES A SPECIAL REPORT ON DNA RESEARCH. IT INCLUDES AN INTERVIEW WITH DR NEDA MASHUN OF THE UCLA SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH CENTER. DR MASHUN EXPLAINS WHAT DNA IS, HOW KNOWLEDGE OF IT CAN BE APPLIED, AND TRENDS IN DNA RESEARCH. (FARSI 10/23 & 10/24)

    AZERBAIJANI CINEMA -- FARSI STAFFER KATAYOUN BEGLARI REPORTS ON A RECEPTION TO MARK THE OPENING OF THE IREX SPONSORED CONFERENCE ON AZERBAIJANI CINEMA. THE PROGRAM INCLUDES AN INTERVIEW WITH CONFERENCE ORGANIZER REX SWAGER. (FARSI 10/25)

    SHAHN / MURALS -- STAFFER JESSICA HARTMAN INTERVIEWS JONATHAN SHAHN, SON OF ARTIST BEN SHAHN WHOSE MURALS ALSO DECORATE THE VOICE OF AMERICA BUILDING. JONATHAN SHAHN, HIMSELF A SCULPTOR, SPOKE OF HIS FATHER'S ARTWORK AND HOW IT WAS INFLUENCED BY THE GREAT DEPRESSION AND NEW DEAL IN THE 1930S AND 1940S. (FRENCH 10/24)

    POLISH WRITER / AMERICA -- POLISH WRITER AND HOLOCAUST SURVIVOR HENRYK GRYNBERG, WHO LIVES IN MCLEAN, VA, TALKS TO STAFFERS JAROSLAW ANDERS AND WITOLD SULKOWSKI ABOUT HIS LIFE IN AMERICA AND HIS NEW BOOK OF POEMS 'DRAWINGS IN MEMORY.' 'FOR ME AMERICA IS THE PROMISED LAND, A QUIET HARBOR, A PLACE OF REST,' SAID MR GRYNBERG, WHOSE BOOKS BELONG TO THE POLISH CANON OF HOLOCAUST LITERATURE. (POLISH 10/24)

    INSIDE AFRICA:

    UN / AFRICAN LEADERS -- ON THE LAST DAY OF CELEBRATIONS OF THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE UNITED NATIONS, AFRICANS WERE AMONG OVER 50 LEADERS WHO MADE SPEECHES AT UN HEADQUARTERS IN NEW YORK. REPORTER CATHERINE MADDUX REPORTS COMMENTS MADE BY WILTON SANKAWOLO, CHAIRMEN OF THE COUNCIL OF STATES OF LIBERIA'S NATIONAL TRANSITIONAL GOVERNMENT, THE RWANDAN PRESIDENT PASTEUR BIZIMUNGU, AND ZIMBABWE'S HEAD OF STATE, ROBERT MUGABE. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 10/25)

    MEDIA / UN 50TH ANNIVERSARY -- STAFFER GAEDIG BONABESSE SPOKE WITH TWO FRANCOPHONE JOURNALISTS CURRENTLY IN NEW YORK TO COVER THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY SPECIAL SESSION COMMEMORATING THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE UNITED NATIONS. FRENCH JOURNALIST ALEXANDRA GENESTE AND HER COLLEAGUE FROM HAITI SPOKE OF THE DIFFICULTIES OF COVERING AN EVENT WHERE OVER 170 HEADS OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT ARE GATHERED AND ACCESS TO THEM IS SEVERELY RESTRICTED FOR SECURITY REASONS. (FRENCH 10/24)

    UNITED NATIONS / ANNIVERSARY -- STAFFER ABDUSHAKUR ABOUD REPORTS ON THE CLOSING OF THE UN 50TH ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATIONS THAT HE ATTENDED. (SWAHILI 10/25)

    ANGOLA / UNITA -- UNITA'S SECRETARY GENERAL, PAULO LUKAMBA GATO REJECTED THE FINDINGS OF A POLICE INVESTIGATION INTO THE ALLEGED ASSASSINATION ATTEMPT AGAINST HIS CHIEF OF STAFF, GENERAL ARLINDO PENA BEN BEN, IN LUANDA. STAFFER LUIS COSTA REPORTS. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 10/24)

    SAO TOME / PRESIDENT'S SPEECH -- IN A SPEECH CARRIED BY NATIONAL TELEVISION AND RADIO, PRESIDENT MIGUEL TROVOADA TALKED ABOUT THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CONDITIONS IN SAO TOME. TROVOADA ALSO REFERRED TO A LETTER WRITTEN BY THE MILITARY ACCUSING HIM OF BEING A SOURCE OF INSTABILITY IN THE COUNTRY. STAFFER OVIDIO PEQUENO REPORTS. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 10/24)

    UNITA / DEMOBILIZATION -- ANGOLAN GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL COLONEL CIRILO DE SA ITA SAID WEDNESDAY THAT CONDITIONS ARE SET TO QUARTER UNITA'S TROOPS IN VILA NOVA AS PART OF THE DEMOBILIZATION PROCESS. STAFFER LUIS COSTA SPOKE WITH COLONEL SA ITA. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 10/25)

    MOZAMBIQUE / DLAKHAMA -- WESTERN DIPLOMATS IN MAPUTO ARE MEETING IN AN ATTEMPT TO RESOLVE THE PROBLEMS RAISED BY RENAMO'S LEADER, AFONSO DLAKHAMA, THAT HIS PARTY DOES NOT HAVE ENOUGH FUNDS TO SURVIVE AS A POLITICAL PARTY. CORRESPONDENT TERESA LIMA REPORTS. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 10/25)

    KENYA / FOREIGN RELATIONS -- OPPOSITION LEADERS IN KENYA HAVE CRITICIZED THE GOVERNMENT'S FOREIGN POLICY. THE LEADERS SAY THE GOVERNMENT HAS SPOILED ITS RELATIONS WITH UGANDA, RWANDA, SWEDEN AND THE UNITED NATIONS BY MAKING STATEMENTS WITHOUT FIRST ANALYZING THE SITUATIONS. SWAHILI STRINGER MG JOEL REPORTS FROM NAIROBI. (SWAHILI 10/25)

    KENYA / REBELS -- JOHN ODONGO, SAID TO BE A LEADER OF A REBEL GROUP CALLED FEBRUARY 18, HAS ACCUSED THE KENYA GOVERNMENT OF VIOLATING HUMAN RIGHTS. ACCORDING TO REPORTS IN KAMPALA MR. ODONGO CLAIMS THAT SEVERAL PEOPLE KILLED BY KENYAN SECURITY FORCES WERE BURIED SECRETLY AND THAT HE DOES NOT KNOW THE WHEREABOUTS OF FORTY OF HIS FOLLOWERS BELIEVED KILLED. SWAHILI STRINGER MIKE ARERENG REPORTS FROM KAMPALA. (SWAHILI 10/25)

    SOUTH AFRICA / ELECTIONS -- THE LAST OFFICIAL VESTIGES OF APARTHEID WILL BE REMOVED IN SOUTH AFRICA WITH NEXT WEEK'S FIRST MULTI-RACIAL LOCAL ELECTIONS. REPORTER DEBORAH BLOCK SPOKE WITH MONDLI MAKHANYA, WHO IS REPORTING ON THE VOTE FOR THE STAR NEWSPAPER IN JOHANNESBURG. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 10/25)

    ZANZIBAR / ELECTIONS -- STAFFER TOM ATANDI SPOKE WITH SEIF SHARIF HAMADI, PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE OF THE CUF OPPOSITION PARTY ABOUT THE DELAY OF THE ELECTION RESULTS. MR. HAMADI SAID HIS PARTY WROTE TO THE ELECTORAL COMMISSION TO PROTEST THAT THE ELECTIONS WERE NOT FREE AND FAIR AND THAT HIS PARTY WOULD NOT ACCEPT THE RESULTS UNLESS THERE WAS A RECOUNT. HE ALSO SAID THAT THE ELECTION PROCESS HAD SEVERAL IRREGULARITIES. (SWAHILI 10/25)

    TANZANIA / HEALTH -- STAFFER JEROME KASSEMBE SPOKE WITH RAKESH RAJANI A COORDINATOR OF AN NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION CALLED CENTER FOR CHILDREN'S HEALTH AND SEXUAL ABUSE. MR KASSEMBE AND MR RAJANI DISCUSSED THE PROBLEMS FACING CHILDREN IN TANZANIA, ESPECIALLY GIRLS, AND HOW TO SOLVE THEM. (SWAHILI 10/25)

    BURUNDI / CONFERENCE -- THIS WEEK, FORMER US PRESIDENT JIMMY CARTER ANNOUNCED HE WOULD CONVENE A REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON RWANDA AND BURUNDI TO PREVENT FURTHER HUMANITARIAN TRAGEDIES. FOR REACTION, REPORTER JOE DECAPUA SPOKE WITH FREDERICK NGAENZEBUHORO, PRESIDENT OF THE TUTSI-LED UPRONA OPPOSITION PARTY WITHIN THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. (ENGLISH TO AFRICA 10/25)

    NIGERIA / NEW EMIRATES CREATED -- THE KADUNA STATE MILITARY ADMINISTRATOR ANNOUNCED THE CREATION OF FOUR NEW EMIRATES IN SOUTHERN ZARIA. HAUSA STRINGER SANI ABDULLAHI REPORTS THAT THE CREATION OF THE NEW STATES IS BEING TAKEN AS A RESPONSE TO THE ZANGO KATAF ETHNIC CLASHES WHICH CLAIMED THOUSANDS OF LIVES AND LOSS OF PROPERTY IN THE PAST. (HAUSA 10/24)

    NIGER / WORKERS' STRIKE -- THOUSANDS OF WORKERS IN THE NIGER REPUBLIC ARE STRIKING OVER UNPAID SALARY ARREARS. HAUSA STAFFER AHMED YERIMA SPOKE WITH NIGER'S LABOR MINISTER WHO SAID THAT GIVEN THE SEVERE FINANCIAL STRAITS, THE GOVERNMENT CANNOT AFFORD TO PAY THE ARRREARS IMMEDIATELY. HE CALLED ON THE WORKERS TO CONSIDER THE NATIONAL INTEREST. IN ANOTHER INTERVIEW, THE SECRETARY GENERAL OF NIGER'S LABOR UNION OUTLINED THE WORKERS' DEMANDS. (HAUSA 10/24)

    GHANA / VICE PRESIDENT / CONFLICT -- GHANA'S VICE PRESIDENT K N ARKAAH, ACTING PRESIDENT IN RAWLINGS' ABSENCE, BECAME EMBROILED IN A CONFLICT WITH THE CABINET OVER HIS POWERS. MEMBERS OF THE CABINET CALLED AN AGREEMENT HE REACHED WITH THE STRIKING UNIVERSITY TEACHERS WITHOUT THE CABINET APPROVAL ARBITRARY. THERE HAVE BEEN LONGSTANDING POLITICAL AND PERSONAL TENSIONS BETWEEN THE VICE PRESIDENT AND PRESIDENT RAWLINGS. STRINGER ABDULMALIK DANBIRNI REPORTS FROM ACCRA. (HAUSA 10/24)

    MISSING WFP PLANE -- RESCUE OPERATIONS ARE UNDERWAY IN ANGOLA TO LOCATE THE WRECKAGE OF A WORLD FOOD PROGRAM BEECHCRAFT PLANE EN ROUTE TO SOUTH AFRICA FROM LUANDA. THE PLANE WAS MISSING SINCE TAKING OFF LAST WEEKEND, BUT HAS NOW BEEN LOCATED IN SOUTHERN ANGOLA. SOUTH AFRICAN FORCES ARE PARTICIPATING IN RESCUE OPERATIONS. CORRESPONDENT JOS?E GONCALVES REPORTS. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 10/25)

    BISSAU / TRIAL -- THE REGIONAL MILITARY COURT OF BISSAU HAS ACQUITTED THE ARMY CHIEF OF STAFF AND HIS DEPUTY WHO WERE ACCUSED OF DERELICTION OF DUTY IN THE CASE OF A COAST GUARD BOAT THAT EXPLODED. THERE ARE RUMORS OF MILITARY CONFLICT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT AND TOP MILITARY LEADERS. STAFFER NELSON HERBERT INTERVIEWS CAPTAIN CAETANO FERNANDES. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 10/25)

    SUDAN / PLANNED ELECTION -- SUDANESE STATE MINISTER ATABANI SAYS SUDAN IS DOING AWAY WITH THE WESTERN TYPE MULTI-PARTY ELECTION OR ANY KIND OF PARTY ELECTION FOR THAT MATTER. SUDAN IS LAUNCHING A NEW CONCEPT IN NEXT YEAR'S GENERAL ELECTION, HE SAYS, AND ANYBODY WHO WANTS TO RUN FOR PARLIAMENT CAN DO SO WITHOUT BEING ASSOCIATED WITH ANY PARTY OR ORGANIZATION. STAFFER NEGUSSIE MENGESHA INTERVIEWS MR ATABANI AND REPORTS. (AMHARIC 10/24)

    ETHIOPIA / ADWA ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATION -- PREPARATIONS TO CELEBRATE THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF ETHIOPIA'S VICTORY OVER ITALY IN THE 1896 BATTLE OF ADWA ARE UNDERWAY. A NATIONAL COMMITTEE PREPARING THE PROGRAMS HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED. AMHARIC STRINGER TAFESSE KIFLE REPORTS THE DETAILS. (AMHARIC 10/25)

    INSIDE MIDEAST:

    KURDS / IRAN -- STAFFER BEKR REBWAR REPORTS ON A CONFERENCE ON IRAN IN THE YEAR 2000 -- A CONFERENCE ON IRANIAN NATIONAL IDENTITY, HELD OVER THE WEEKEND AT THE AMERICAN UNIVERSITY. SHAHO HOSEIN ADVOCATED AUTONOMY FOR THE KURDS AND DEMOCRACY FOR IRAN. CONFERENCE CHAIRMAN HOSSEIN LADJVARDI SAID A UNITED IRAN IS VERY IMPORTANT. A BIGGER IRAN IS STRONGER AND CANNOT BE EASILY INFLUENCED BY THE US OR ISRAEL. THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN DESERVES CREDIT FOR KEEPING THE COUNTRY IN ONE PIECE, HE SAID. WHEN ASKED IF HE AGREED WITH THEIR TERRORIST REPUTATION AND METHODS HE SAID THEY SHOULD ACT IN A MORE CIVILIZED MANNER. (KURDISH 10/24 & 25)

    INSIDE CENTRAL ASIA:

    AZERBAIJAN / JOURNALISTS -- STAFFER OLCAY RACHED HAS INTERVIEWED DAVID SUTTER, PROGRAM COORDINATOR FOR THE FORMER SOVIET UNION AT THE COMMITTEE TO PROTECT JOURNALISTS, ON THE ISSUE OF SIX AZERBAIJANI JOURNALISTS WHO HAVE BEEN SENTENCED FROM 2 TO 5 YEARS FOR PUBLISHING A CARTOON OF PRESIDENT ALIEV. THE COMMITTEE HAS SUBMITTED A PROTEST LETTER TO HAYDER ALIEV AND DEMANDED IMMEDIATE RELEASE OF THE JOURNALISTS, SAYING THEY "WERE GUILTY OF NOTHING MORE THAN EXPRESSING THEIR LEGITIMATE POLITICAL RIGHTS." (AZERI 10/25)

    AZERBAIJANI / WOMEN -- WHILE IN BAKU STAFFER SEVDA ALIEVA INTERVIEWED PROFESSOR ELMIRA SULAYMANOVA, HEAD OF THE WOMEN'S ASSOCIATION OF AZERBAIJAN, ABOUT THE ISSUES OF WOMEN IN AZERBAIJAN AND HOW THIS ASSOCIATION WANTS TO IMPLEMENT SOME OF THE RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE PEKING CONFERENCE. (AZERI 10/25)

    INSIDE SOUTH ASIA:

    INDIAN PM / UN -- INDIAN PRIME MINISTER RAO CONTINUED HIS MEETINGS WITH WORLD LEADERS AT THE UN WHERE HE ATTENDED THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATIONS OF THE WORLD BODY. MR RAO MET BRITISH PRIME MINISTER JOHN MAJOR AND RENEWED HIS INVITATION TO VISIT INDIA. THE BRITISH PRIME MINISTER WILL VISIT INDIA NEXT MONTH. RAO ALSO MET SRI LANKAN PRESIDENT CHANDRIKA KUMARTUNGA AND BANGLADESHI PRIME MINISTER KHALIDA ZIA. MS KUMARTUNGA ALSO INFORMED RAO OF THE LATEST SITUATION IN HER ISLAND NATION. STRINGER REPORT. (HINDI 10/24)

    INSIDE EAST ASIA:

    CHINA / JAILED DISSIDENT'S WIFE AND SISTER MISSING -- IMPRISONED CHINESE DISSIDENT CHEN ZIMING'S MOTHER, SISTER AND WIFE APPLIED FOR PERMISSION TO HOLD A DEMONSTRATION. THEY ARE DEMANDING THAT CHEN BE RELEASED TO BE TREATED FOR CANCER. THEY WERE ASKED TO POSTPONE THE DEMONSTRATION, AND INSTEAD HELD A SIT-IN IN A PARK. LATER, CHEN ZIHUA, CHEN ZIMING'S SISTER, AND WANG ZHIHONG, CHEN'S WIFE WERE BOTH MISSING, THEIR WHEREABOUTS UNKNOWN. SOME JOURNALISTS WHO PHOTOGRAPHED THEM WERE BRIEFLY DETAINED. STAFFER RUOSI WU IN NEW YORK INTERVIEWS DISSIDENT WANG JUNTAO AND CHAIRMAN OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN CHINA LIU QING. (MANDARIN 10/25)

    SINO / US SUMMIT -- PRESIDENT CLINTON AND PRESIDENT JIANG ZEMIN CONCLUDED THEIR SUMMIT, DESCRIBED BY US OFFICIALS AS THE BEST OF THEIR THREE MEETINGS. EACH SIDE GAVE ITS OWN INTERPRETATION OF THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE ISSUES RAISED IN THE TALKS. A CHINESE SPOKESMAN SAID PRESIDENT JIANG STRESSED THE TAIWAN ISSUE, WHILE THE US SAID PRESIDENT CLINTON EMPHASIZED HUMAN RIGHTS AND A DISCUSSION OF TAIWAN ONLY TOOK UP 10 MINUTES OF THE TWO HOUR MEETING. BOTH SIDES AGREE THE MEETING IS A GOOD BEGINNING FOR FURTHER SINO-US ENGAGEMENT. STAFFER LUO LAN COVERS A POST-SUMMIT BRIEFING BY ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE WINSTON LORD AND CHINESE SPOKESMAN CHEN JIAN. (MANDARIN 10/25)

    US / JIANG'S VISIT -- CHINESE PRESIDENT JIANG ZEMIN IS WRAPPING UP HIS VISIT TO NEW YORK, WHERE HE DELIVERED A SPEECH AT UN AND MET PRESIDENT CLINTON. IN HIS ADDRESS AT THE UN, JIANG CALLED FOR A NEW INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL ORDER AND STRESSED THAT TAIWAN IS PART OF CHINA. BOTH SIDES AGREED THAT THE MEETING BETWEEN JIANG AND PRESIDENT CLINTON WAS POSITIVE AND FRIENDLY, YET SERIOUS DIFFERENCES REMAIN. STAFFER LUO LAN IN NEW YORK COVERS JIANG'S SPEECH AND WINSTON LORDS'S PRESS CONFERENCE. (MANDARIN 10/25)

    CLINTON / JIANG / REACT -- TWO CHINESE SCHOLARS IN LOS ANGELES SAID THAT THE MEETING BETWEEN PRESIDENT CLINTON AND CHINESE PRESIDENT JIANG ZEMIN IS MORE SYMBOLIC THAN PRACTICAL. BUT THE FACT THAT BOTH LEADERS CAN SIT DOWN AND TALK MEANS BOTH SIDES ARE NOT WILLING TO LET RELATIONS CONTINUE TO DETERIORATE. JIANG ZEMIN'S SPEECH DELIVERED AT THE UN REFLECTS THE STRONG POLITICAL PRESSURE INSIDE CHINA. STAFFER KUO-FU SHU IN LOS ANGELES INTERVIEWS PROFESSOR JI CHUN AND PROFESSOR LI XIAOHUANG. (MANDARIN 10/25)

    CLINTON / JIANG TALK / TAIWAN REACTION -- A TAIWANESE FOREIGN MINISTRY SPOKESMAN SAID THAT TAIWAN'S INTERESTS WERE UNHURT IN YESTERDAY'S SINO-US MEETING, AND THE REUNIFICATION ISSUE COULD ONLY BE SOLVED BY THE CHINESE PEOPLE ON BOTH SIDES OF THE TAIWAN STRAIT. BUT SOME EXPERTS IN TAIWAN BELIEVE THAT THE MAINLAND GOVERNMENT COULD TAKE EVEN TOUGHER MEASURES TOWARD TAIWAN AFTER THIS MEETING. EXPERTS ALSO BELIEVE SINO-US RELATIONS WILL IMPROVE. STRINGER ZHANG YONGTAI IN TAIPEI INTERVIEWS TAIWAN FOREIGN MINISTRY SPOKESMAN LENG RUOSHUI, PROFESSOR YANG KAIHUANG, DONGWU UNIVERSITY, AND QIU ZHAOLIN, CENTRAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE. (MANDARIN 10/25)

    US / CHINA RELATIONS / HONG KONG / TAIWAN -- CHINESE PRESIDENT JIANG ZEMIN REITERATED IN NEW YORK THAT THE TAIWAN ISSUE IS THE MOST SENSITIVE ISSUE BETWEEN CHINA AND THE US. STAFFER CHOU YOUKANG IN HONG KONG INTERVIEWS EXPERTS FROM CHINA, TAIWAN AND HONG KONG WHO COMMENT ON THE CLINTON-JIANG MEETING AND THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE TAIWAN ISSUE IN FUTURE SINO-US RELATIONS. INTERVIEWS WITH PROFESSOR SHOU DELIANG, DEPARTMENT OF POLITICS, BEIJING UNIVERSITY, DR WEI MOU, DIRECTOR, ASIA AND WORLD INSTITUTE, TAIWAN, AND LIU RUISHAO, HONG KONG COMMENTATOR. (MANDARIN 10/25)

    INDONESIA / UNITED NATIONS -- INDONESIAN PRESIDENT SUHARTO SPOKE AT CEREMONIES COMMEMORATING THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE UNITED NATIONS. FROM NEW YORK, STAFFER IRNA SINULINGGA REPORTS. STAFFER ALBERT HUTABARAT PREPARED A SPECIAL, REPORT FOR ANOTHER INDONESIAN AFFILIATE, JAKARTA'S RADIO SONORA. (INDONESIAN 10/23)

    EAST TIMOR / PORTUGAL -- INDONESIAN FOREIGN MINISTER ALI ALATAS, TERMED INAPPROPRIATE AND INCORRECT A STATEMENT MADE BY PORTUGUESE PRESIDENT, MARIO SOARES, ABOUT EAST TIMOR. SOARES, SPEAKING AT THE UN SPECIAL SESSION, SAID THAT THE OCCUPATION OF EAST TIMOR BY INDONESIA BRUTALLY INTERRUPTED THE DECOLONIZATION PROCESS. ALI ALATAS RETORTED THAT IT WAS THE PORTUGUESE COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION THAT PACKED UP AND LEFT EAST TIMOR BEFORE THE END OF DECOLONIZATION. STAFFER ANA GUEDES REPORTS. (PORTUGUESE TO AFRICA 10/24)

    MAINLAND CHILDREN / HONG KONG -- GUANGDONG OFFICIALS ANNOUNCED THAT MORE THAN 100,000 CHILDREN UNDER AGE 20 BORN IN THE PROVINCE BUT FATHERED BY HONG KONG RESIDENTS ARE ELIGIBLE TO EMIGRATE TO HONG KONG. HONG KONG AUTHORITIES HAD ESTIMATED ONLY 60,000 SUCH CHILDREN IN ALL OF CHINA. STAFFER LAWRENCE NG INTERVIEWS DEMOCRATIC LEGISLATOR CHEUNG MAN KWONG, HONG KONG IMMIGRATION SERVICE SPOKESMAN K. K. CHAN, AND DAB SPOKESMAN LO CHI KEUNG, WHO DISCUSS IMPLICATIONS FOR HONG KONG'S ECONOMY, PROBLEMS OF UNEMPLOYMENT, ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION, BRIBERY AND CORRUPTION. (CANTONESE 10/25)

    FORMER KOREAN PRESIDENT / SCANDAL -- THE RULING PARTY URGED FORMER PRESIDENT ROH TAE WOO TO REVEAL THE WHOLE AMOUNT OF SECRET MONEY HE HAD ACCUMULATED WHILE HE WAS IN THE OFFICE AND APOLOGIZE TO THE PEOPLE. A SPOKESMAN FOR THE GOVERNMENT PARTY SAID MR. ROH MUST BE BROUGHT TO JUSTICE IF PROSECUTORS FOUND ILLEGALITY IN HIS AMASSING THE HUGE AMOUNT OF MONEY AND POSSESSING SECRET BANK ACCOUNTS. CORRESPONDENT YONG KYUN LIM REPORTS. (KOREAN 10/25)

    NORTH KOREAN AGENTS / SOUTH KOREA -- ABOUT 30,000 SOUTH KOREAN SECURITY FORCES CONTINUE AN EXTENSIVE MANHUNT IN SEARCH OF AN ESCAPED GUNMAN SUSPECTED OF A NORTH KOREAN AGENT. ANOTHER MAN WHO WAS CAPTURED DURING TUESDAY'S GUNFIGHT WAS QUOTED BY SOUTH KOREAN AUTHORITIES AS SAYING THAT THEY WERE SENT FROM NORTH KOREA THROUGH THE KANGWHA ISLAND IN AUGUST. THE MAN REPORTEDLY IDENTIFIED HIS ESCAPED COMPANION AS 31-YEAR-OLD PARK KWANG NAM. STAFFER YONG KYUN LIM REPORTS FROM SEOUL. (KOREAN 10/25)

    INSIDE EUROPE:

    US / CROATIA / TUDJMAN INTERVIEW -- STRINGER IVICA PULJIC INTERVIEWS PRESIDENT TUDJMAN AFTER HIS MEETING WITH PRESIDENT CLINTON AND BOSNIAN PRESIDENT IZETBEGOVIC IN NEW YORK. THE CROATIAN PRESIDENT EXPRESSED CONFIDENCE IN THE US-LED PEACE INITIATIVE, SAYING THAT HIS MEETING WITH PRESIDENT CLINTON SHOWED STRONG US DETERMINATION TO SOLVE THE CRISIS IN FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. HE SAID CROATIA WILL COOPERATE ON PEACEFUL REINTEGRATION OF EASTERN SLAVONIA, BUT WILL RESORT TO OTHER MEANS IF NECESSARY IF THE NEGOTIATIONS DO NOT BEAR FRUIT. (CROATIAN 10/24)

    UN / BOSNIAN PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS -- BOSNIAN PRESIDENT ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC ADDRESSED THE UNITED NATIONS EXPRESSING DISAPPOINTMENT WITH ITS UNFULFILLED MISSION IN BOSNIA. STRINGER IVICA PULJIC REPORTS FROM NEW YORK THAT MR. IZETBEGOVIC SAID THAT UN IS THE SOURCE OF HOPE FOR BOSNIANS BUT AT THE SAME TIME A SOURCE OF DISAPPOINTMENT. (CROATIAN 10/24)

    US / BOSNIA / CROATIA -- IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STRINGER IVICA PULJIC, BOSNIAN PRESIDENT ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC SAYS HE INFORMED PRESIDENT CLINTON ABOUT PROBLEMS WITH THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE BOSNIAN FEDERATION AGREEMENT. HE SAYS MR CLINTON WAS VERY RECEPTIVE TO HIS CONCERNS. (CROATIAN 10/25)

    SERB OPPOSITION / OHIO TALKS -- THE VICE-CHAIRMAN OF THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY OF SERBIA/MONTENEGRO, MIODRAG PERSIC EXPRESSED CAUTIOUS OPTIMISM REGARDING THE OUTCOME OF THE FORTHCOMING PROXIMITY TALKS IN DAYTON, OHIO. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH STAFFER MAJA DRUCKER, PERSIC STRESSED THAT SERBIAN OPPOSITION PARTIES AND THE PUBLIC ARE KEPT IN THE DARK BY PRESIDENT MILOSEVIC AS TO WHAT EXTENT THIS EVENT WOULD HELP LIFT THE UN SANCTIONS, AND SERVE THE VITAL INTEREST OF THE COUNTRY. (SERBIAN 10/25)

    GERMANY / BOSNIA -- GERMANY ANNOUNCED ITS OFFER TO SEND FOUR THOUSAND TROOPS AS A PART OF PEACEKEEPING MISSION IN BOSNIA. STRINGER IVICA LOVRIC REPORTS FROM BONN THAT THE GERMAN DEFENSE MINISTRY SAID THAT THE TROOPS WILL BE TAKEN ONLY FROM LOGISTICS, MEDICAL AND TRANSPORTATION UNITS. (CROATIAN 10/24)

    TURKISH JOURNALISTS / BOSNIAN SERBS -- TWO TURKISH JOURNALISTS, HELD CAPTIVE BY THE BOSNIAN SERBS FOR FOURTEEN DAYS WERE RELEASED OVER THE WEEKEND. STAFFER MEHMET ILHAN INTERVIEWED MUNIRE ACIM, CORRESPONDENT FOR THE DAILY HURRIYET. MS ACIM HOLDS RESPONSIBLE AN INDIVIDUAL FRENCH SOLDIER OF THE UN FORCE FOR KNOWINGLY GUIDING THEM TOWARDS THE BOSNIAN SERB POSITIONS. SHE THANKS THE VOA AND THE OTHER INTERNATIONAL NEWS MEDIA, FOR COVERING THEIR CAPTIVITY. (TURKISH 10/25)

    CROATIA / ELECTION -- TWO CANDIDATES OF THE MAIN CROATIAN OPPOSITION PARTY SAY IN A PRE-ELECTION SPEECH THAT THE MOST IMPORTANT THING FOR CROATIA IS TO BECOME A MEMBER OF THE MAIN EUROPEAN INSTITUTIONS. CANDIDATES IVO SKRABALO AND CHRIS CVIIC NOTED THAT THIS WILL NOT BE ACHIEVABLE BECAUSE THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL AND THE OTHER EUROPEAN BODIES CONSIDER CROATIA AS A COUNTRY WITH GENERAL LACK OF DEMOCRACY. STRINGER SLAVICA LUKIC REPORTS FROM ZAGREB. (CROATIAN 10/24)

    US / RUSSIAN SUMMIT REACTS -- THE RESULTS OF THE CLINTON-YELTSIN MEETING DID NOT SURPRISE ANYBODY IN MOSCOW, THE MOSCOW CORRESPONDENT OF THE POLISH DAILY 'GAZETA WYBORCZA,' ANDRZEJ LOMANOWSKI TOLD STAFFER MAREK KRZYZANSKI. POLISH REACTION TO THE SUMMIT IS REPORTED BY WARSAW CORRESPONDENT WOJCIECH MINICZ. (POLISH 10/24)

    INSIDE EURASIA:

    RUSSIA / ETHNIC CONFLICTS -- ETHNIC PROBLEMS AND CONFLICTS IN RUSSIA DISCUSSED BY THE MINISTER OF INFORMATION OF THE CHECHEN REPUBLIC, JAVUS AKHMEDOV AND THE FIRST DEPUTY OF THE ATAMAN OF THE DON COSSACKS, PETR KOSSOV, HERITAGE FOUNDATION SCHOLAR ARIEL COHEN AND STAFFER VLADIMIR MATLIN. (RUSSIAN 10/24)

    UKRAINE / DEMARCATION OF INTERNATIONAL BORDERS -- FOLLOWING A BRIEFING AT THE FOREIGN MINISTRY, CORRESPONDENT IN KIEV ISRAEL KLEINER REPORTS THAT AFTER MORE THAN FOUR YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE, UKRAINE HAS ALREADY SOLVED MOST OF ITS PROBLEMS IN THE DEMARCATION OF INTERNATIONAL BORDERS WITH ITS NEIGHBORS. ONLY THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IS STILL REFUSING TO DISCUSS THE BOUNDARIES BETWEEN BOTH COUNTRIES. (UKRAINIAN 10/24)

    US HISTORIAN / UKRAINIAN PUBLICATION -- CORRESPONDENT ISRAEL KLEINER IN KIEV PROVIDED A WEEKEND BACKGROUNDER ON ONE OF THE LEADING UKRAINIAN QUARTERLIES, ' POLITICAL THOUGHT' WHICH APPEARS IN UKRAINIAN, RUSSIAN, AND ENGLISH. THE REPORT INCLUDES A DISCUSSION WITH THE EDITOR, MEMBERS OF THE EDITORIAL STAFF, INCLUDING DR JAMES MACE, AN AMERICAN HISTORIAN, WHO OVERSEES THE EDITION IN ENGLISH. (UKRAINIAN 10/22)

    INSIDE LATIN AMERICA:

    LATIN AMERICA / UN ANNIVERSARY -- NUMEROUS LATIN AMERICAN PRESIDENTS AND HIGH OFFICIALS PARTICIPATED IN THE SPECIAL SESSION TO COMMEMORATE THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE UNITED NATIONS. CORRESPONDENT LUIS TAMAYO REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (SPANISH 10/25)

    COLOMBIA / DRUG TRAFFIC -- COLOMBIAN PRESIDENT ERNESTO SAMPER PROPOSED TO THE UNITED NATIONS AN AMPLE AGENDA TO COMBAT DRUG TRAFFIC AT INTERNATIONAL LEVEL. CORRESPONDENT LUIS TAMAYO REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (SPANISH 10/25)

    PARAGUAY / DEMOCRACY -- PRESIDENT CARLOS WASMOSY OF PARAGUAY SAID IN A SPEECH TO THE UNITED NATIONS THAT DEMOCRACY IS FINALLY ESTABLISHED IN THIS COUNTRY AFTER HALF CENTURY OF MILITARY DICTATORSHIPS. CORRESPONDENT LUIS TAMAYO REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (SPANISH 10/25)

    ARGENTINA / UN -- ARGENTINE PRESIDENT CARLOS MENEM TOLD THE UN THAT THE WORLD ORGANIZATION SHOULD BECOME EFFECTIVE GUARANTOR OF PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE WORLD. CORRESPONDENT LUIS TAMAYO REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (SPANISH 10/25)

    CHILE / UN -- PRESIDENT EDUARDO FREI SAID AT THE UN SPECIAL SESSION THAT THE ORGANIZATION MUST FOCUS ITS ACTION ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT. CORRESPONDENT LUIS TAMAYO REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (SPANISH 10/25) 25-Oct-95 5:24 PM EDT (2124 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

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