|Sunday, 25 October 2020|
Voice of America, 01-07-24
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From: The Voice of America <gopher://gopher.voa.gov>SLUG: 5-49843 Bush/Europe Wrap DATE: NOTE NUMBER:
 BUSH/EUROPE WRAP BY PAULA WOLFSON (ROME)DATE=07/24/01
INTRO: President Bush is on his way home (has returned to the United States), after a journey that took him to the the G-8 economic summit, to Rome and to Kosovo. VOA White House correspondent Paula Wolfson wraps up the weeklong trip to Europe.
TEXT: It ended at Camp Bondsteel, the sprawling operations center for Americans serving in the NATO peacekeeping force in Kosovo. Soldiers in green and brown camouflage gathered to hear the president. Several thousand came in all, some still weary and leaning on their rifles, perhaps after a long night on patrol. But the president, after a week of almost nonstop substance and ceremony in Europe, looked energized. He joked with the solders -- members of the six thousand strong U-S contingent in Kosovo. But his mood changed, from light to somber, as he talked about the seriousness of their mission. Many had been deployed to interdict arms headed for neighboring Macedonia:
/// BUSH ACT ONE ///
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/// POPE JOHN PAUL II ACT //
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///PUTIN INTERPRETER ACT ///
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NEB/PW/FC SLUG: 2-278608 Macedonia/Violence DATE: NOTE NUMBER:
 MACEDONIA/VIOLENCE (L-O) BY JEFF BIELEY (SKOPJE)DATE=7/24/01
INTRO: Major fighting broke out Tuesday evening throughout the Macedonian city of Tetovo, marking the worst clashes in the five-month conflict. Jeff Bieley reports from Skopje that a demonstration by ethnic Macedonians in the capital also turned violent after nightfall.
TEXT: Tetovo's mayor said the fighting began about 6:30 p.m. local
time (17:30 UTC) when machine-gun and high caliber sniper fire was
heard near the city
He said there are unconfirmed reports of two people killed and several
wounded, but it was not known whether they were civilians or
The ferocity of the gunfire has sent most Tetovo residents into their
basements as ethnic Albanian rebels and government forces battled in
The director of Tetovo's hospital said he had no concrete information
on casualties because the situation was so bad that wounded could not
be taken to hospital. He said the hospital itself is not safe due to
In Skopje, an angry crowd of several hundred Macedonians surrounded
the parliament Tuesday afternoon. They were demanding the government
them return to their homes, after they said ethnic Albanian rebels had
forced them out of their villages near Tetovo.
Some of the protesters hurled rocks and tried to charge their way into
the parliament building, trapping a group of leading Albanian
politicians inside for several hours.
The demonstration later turned into a march through the city center,
where protesters beat a German journalist and set fire to four
vehicles belonging to
the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.
Earlier, the government closed Macedonia's border crossings to Kosovo,
preventing NATO peacekeepers from using key supply routes. A NATO
spokesman in Skopje
said he had no explanation for the closure, which forced American
troops to move equipment out of Macedonia by helicopter. (SIGNED)
 TUESDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ANDREW GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)DATE=07/24/01
TYPE=U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST
INTRO: The recently concluded G-8 summit in Genoa overwhelms most other topics in the editorial columns of U-S newspapers Tuesday. A related topic, the discussions between Presidents Bush and Putin on nuclear missile reduction, runs a close second. Other editorial subjects include: global warming; Indonesia's new leader; the global fight against AIDS; Mexican-U-S water-sharing on the Rio Grande; and the debate over the use of stem cells in medical research. Now, here is _______________ with a closer look and some excerpts in today's U-S Editorial Digest.
TEXT: There is a divergence of opinion about just how much was accomplished at the Genoa Summit. In Tennessee, The Chattanooga Free Press feels "some specific and noteworthy action" did come out of the meeting.
VOICE: The G-8 agreed to work against global poverty, against AIDS and other grave diseases, and for beneficial trade. Poverty in backward nations cannot be alleviated without free enterprise, production and trade.
TEXT: California's Fresno Bee takes a less complimentary view, suggesting that "Summit meetings need a new format [and a] new attitude."
VOICE: The modest accomplishments of the annual summit ... were overshadowed last weekend by death and debate over the nature of the summits themselves. Perhaps the unprecedented violence in the host city of Genoa, resulting in the death of one protester, will finally lead to changes that will prevent these annual extravaganzas from becoming self-defeating.
TEXT: The Dallas [Texas] Morning News is encouraged however, saying that, despite the violent street protests, the "summit...produced much more than tragic headlines. ... There was a refreshing whiff of genuine cooperation in several areas." However in Michigan, The Detroit Free Press is concerned about the implication that the leaders are running away from the protestors. It scoffs at next year's venue, far up in the Canadian Rockies, outside Calgary and wonders:
VOICE: What's next, the space station? The disturbing images from Genoa last week and Seattle, Quebec and Washington before that, are enough to discourage any city from hosting meetings of the G-8 or related ... organizations...
TEXT: After the summit ended, Presidents George Bush and Vladimir Putin of Russia made news by agreeing to link talks on arms reduction and anti-missile defense systems. The Washington Times calls it: "Mr. Bush's triumph in Genoa," suggesting it is a framework that:
VOICE: ...could dramatically redefine the U-S-Russian relationship. It is a major triumph for a president derided by many as a novice in international affairs.
TEXT: That assessment appears to be shared by the Saint Petersburg [Florida] Times which adds: "One bit of good that came out of the ...summit was the cooperative spirit between Vladimir ... Putin and George W. Bush, from which they both can benefit." "... if thousands of warheads were eliminated as part of the deal, it would be a triumph," asserts today's San Jose [California] Mercury News. And in Texas, The San Antonio Express-News is also pleased.
VOICE: So far, President Bush has shown impressive finesse in his dealings with Russian President Vladimir Putin.
TEXT: USA Today, the national daily published in a Washington, D-C suburb, however, is much more skeptical, suggesting.
VOICE: ... between the commitment to "consultations" - - pointedly not "negotiations" - - and any actual agreement lies a host of issues that have yet to be broached ... They start with this one: Just what sort of missile defense is [President] Putin - - or the U-S public, for that matter- - willing to accept?
TEXT: And on another key international issue discussed at the summit, global warming, and the passage of rules for the Kyoto Protocol limiting its causes, The New York Times laments the United States go-it-alone stance.
VOICE: The huge irony is that this agreement was tailored in many respects to American specifications - - and with an eye to reducing the putative burdens on America's economy that Mr. Bush used as an excuse to abandon ...the protocol ... [and] his campaign pledge to impose mandatory controls on carbon dioxide.
TEXT: The summit delegates also pledged more than one billion dollars to fight the global AIDS pandemic, mostly in Africa, causing The Philadelphia Inquirer to ask:
VOICE: A good-faith effort ...? Or just good public relations? That's a good question ... scrutinized just slightly, the figure doesn't seem impressive at all. ...Together, the U-S and other G-8 nations have a combined gross domestic product of 30-trillion dollars... So one-point-three billion is a comparative pittance...
TEXT: The political upheaval in Indonesia that produced the impeachment of President Abdurrahman Wahid and replacement with Megawati Sukarnoputri Monday draws this response from The Boston Globe.
VOICE: In two years of stumbling and bumbling, [Mr.] Wahid achieved what had generally been thought impossible - - he united disparate factions of the army. ... Welcome as the demise of [President] Wahid might be, the army's role in his downfall is a cause for anxiety about the prospects for democracy and economic reform...
TEXT: Hawaii's Honolulu Advertiser adds that recent problems were not all Mr. Wahid's doing.
VOICE: He led a vigorous campaign against corruption and worked tirelessly to reduce the influence of the powerful Indonesian military. In so doing, he made numerous enemies among the politically and military powerful...
TEXT: To this hemisphere now, and anger at the water debt Mexico owes to the United States from overuse of the Rio Grande river, according to The San Antonio Express-News.
VOICE: Even after [the current] debt is paid, Mexico will still owe the United States about ... 300-billion gallons, enough to help Rio Grande farmers endure the severe drought conditions in the area.
TEXT: A leading domestic topic, the question whether the federal government should pay for medical research into the use of stem cells to cure diseases, draws this from North Carolina's Winston-Salem Journal.
VOICE: The research is being done, and ... will continue to be done. Science will not be denied, especially in a field that promises to yield cures for disease and the ability of human bodies to heal themselves.
TEXT: President Bush and Pope John Paul the Second discussed stem cells at their meeting Monday, with the Pope warning the President against funding such research. The Honolulu Advertiser is pleased the President appeared not to be swayed, and supports federal funding as a way of reducing what it feels is unethical work in the area.
VOICE: As he ... makes up his mind... [Mr.] Bush might make note of the pope's particular condemnation of laboratories that create human embryos specifically for medical research. These are often for-profit labs that are beyond the reach of the regulation and controls that can come with federal funding ... [a situation] that should lead him only more firmly to a decision to maintain federal research support.
TEXT: With that, we conclude this sampling of editorial comment from
Tuesday's U-S press.
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