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BosNEWS -- 28 September 1995

From: Dzevat Omeragic <dzevat@casper.ee.mcgill.ca>

Bosnia-Herzegovina News Directory

Subject: BosNet ARTICLE - Othodox church fenounces nationalist fanticism


ORTHODOX CHURCH DENOUNCES NATIONALIST FANTICISM

Le Monde, 28 Sept. 1995

Henri Tincq reports that Orthodox Church heads from Albania, Bulgaria, Georgia,

Greece, Romania, and Serbia joined the Patriarch of Constantinople in

denouncing religious and nationalist "fanaticism" as leading to "division and

hatred among men" and in condemning the infringement of "the spiritual and

cultural rights, .... freedom and dignity of all minorities".

The declaration is intended to clean up the tarnished image of an Orthodox

Church generally identified with nationalists in Bosnia, Greece and Serbia,

says Tincq. Meeting on the island of Patmos (Greece), the Orthodox prelates

complained of the distorted image of their religion: "the Orthodox perception

of the idea of the nation carries no component of agressivity and confrontation

between peoples", and stating that "nationalism is a phenomenon totally alien

to the Orthodox Church".


* FRONTLINES, Bosnia and Herzegovina

* Bosnia Urges For New NATO Air-Strikes

* Non NATO-Countries Are Welcomed As Peacekeepers in Bosnia

* Croatia Arrested 370 People For Looting In Krajina

* Belgrade Warns Croatia

* German Foreign Minister at the UN General Assembly

* UN General Assembly Meeting


FRONTLINES, Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Bosnian Government says nationalist Serb shelling of

Government-held towns in Bosnia and Herzegovina may be retaliation for

army gains in fighting against the nationalist Serbs in Western Bosnia.

Radio of Bosnia and Herzegovina says troops of the Bosnian Army's

Fifth Corps have advanced to the entrances to the town of Mrkonjic Grad.

Wednesday, the Bosnian-army commander said Banja Luka was in shelling

range of his artillery forces. Also reported are Bosnian-army advances

toward the town of Prijedor, northwest of Banja Luka.

UN officials cannot confirm the reported Bosnian-army gains. The

nationalist Serbs say their defense lines in Northwestern Bosnia are

stable.


Bosnia Urges For New NATO Air-Strikes


Bosnian Prime Minister, Haris Silajdzic, reacted to the latest

Bosnian Serb attacks on Zenica and Travnik, which killed 3 people, and has

asked NATO to resume air-strikes on Bosnian Serb positions. Silajdzic

warned attacks like these are what could put a stop to the peace process

and said the Bosnian side would not negotiate while civilians are still

being killed by Serb terrorists.

NATO, however, said when air-strikes were suspended, that the

alliance would resume air-strikes only if any of the UN designated safe

areas came under attack. Zenica and Travnik are not UN safe areas.


Non NATO-Countries Are Welcomed As Peacekeepers in Bosnia


The US chairman of the Joint Chief Of Staff, General John

Shaliskashvili, says non NATO-countries, such as former Warsaw pact

nations, are welcome to join a peace keeping force in Bosnia and Herze

govina- General Shaliskashvili made his comments Wednesday after talks

with Hungarian Government officials and added that a new peace keeping

force in Bosnia, should not only include soldiers from NATO countries.

He said that NATO "would welcome nations to participate in this

implementation force. Whether they are NATO or not belonging to NATO."

He also added that he would welcome Russia's participation in the

military peace operation. But he also says he does not know whether a

Moscow proposal to form a joint command between NATO and Russia can become

a reality.

General Shaliskashvili also stressed he would understand why some

former Warsaw Pact countries that have common borders with former

Yugoslavia would refuse to cooperate in the peace keeping force. Hungary

has raised objections because of fears that it co uld undermine already

strained relations with former Yugoslavia, where a large Hungarian

minority lives.

The U.S. daily "The Washington Post", estimates that sending US

troops to keep the peace in Bosnia and aid for the embittered country

could cost the US at least 1.5 billion dollars.


ZAGREB, Croatia

Croatia Arrested 370 People For Looting In Krajina


Croatian authorities have arrested 370 people, including policemen

and soldiers, for looting and burning houses in the formerly Serb-held

Krajina area overrun in August, a UN spokesman said Wednesday.

Chris Gunness, the UN spokesman in Zagreb, quoted a Croatian

liaison officer in the southern town of Knin as saying that 260 civilians,

75 policemen and 35 soldiers had been detained. UN officials repeatedly

accused Croatia of failing to stop killings of Serb civilians who remained

in the area after it was captured and of looting and burning houses of

those who fled Croatia during or after the four-day military operation.

"We are extremely pleased that Croatia is not only admitting that

these things were going on, but also taking action to prevent it," Gunness

said.

The US has linked any future financial assistance for rebuilding

Croatia's war-ravaged economy and infrastructure with its human rights

behavior and in particular with allowing the safe return of Krajina Serbs

to their homes.


Belgrade Warns Croatia


Foreign Minister of the so-called Yugoslavia, Milan Milutinovic,

told reporters in New York that Belgrade wants to resolve the issue of the

remaining occupied regions in Croatia peacefully, however, he warned that

any attempt by Croatia to take back the regions by force would provoke an

appropriate response. Milutinovic refused to say if that meant a military

response from Serbia.


UNITED NATIONS, New York

German Foreign Minister at the UN General Assembly


Disappointments and setbacks in Somalia, Rwanda and Bosnia and

Herzegovina have been unfairly attributed to the alleged inefficiency of

the UN, German Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel told the General Assembly

Wednesday. He said they were th e result of unsatisfactory mandates, a

lack of political will on the part of Member States, and a shortage of

funds. "It is us, the Members, who cause the difficulties," he stressed.

The United Nations could not take on every responsibility, and

must focus on what was feasible, Mr. Kinkel continued. The Organization

must act consistently and resolutely, so as not to repeat what had

happened in Rwanda or in Zepa and Srebrenica.


UNITED NATIONS, New York

UN General Assembly Meeting


The UN today confirmed that Bosnian Serb forces had launched

cross-border rocket attacks against several towns in Croatia. Rockets

landed in the towns of Kutina, Novska, Ivanic Grad and Pozega, causing

extensive damage to property, several injur ies and possibly one death.

The United Nations condemned the attacks in the strongest possible terms,

especially given that they had come amid news of progress in the peace

talks in New York.

In an address to the Assembly Wednesday, China's Vice Premier and

Foreign Minister, Qian Qichen, offered a set of guidelines for UN

peacekeeping operations. Some of the points: * The purposes and

principles of the Charter should be observed, in particular the principle

of respect for state sovereignty and noninterference in states' internal

affairs;

* Disputes should be settled through peaceful means instead of

frequent mandatory actions;

* Double standards and the imposition of the views of one or a few

countries on the Security Council should be avoided;

* Operations should obtain prior consent from the parties concerned,

observe strict neutrality and not use force except in self-defence.

* The Organization should not try to exceed its capability and

should never become a party to a conflict.

Ministers from several countries have agreed to pursue work to

enhance the rapid reaction capacity of the United Nations. That

development was announced today by the Foreign Ministers of Canada and the

Netherlands, Andre Oullet and Hans van Mierlo, whose Governments had put

forward proposals on the issue. Mr. Oullet told correspondents that the

idea was to reduce delays between Security Council decisions and

deployment in the field.


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