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Voice of America, 28 November 1995

From: yanni@ix.netcom.com (Ioannis Bousnakis)

Voice of America Directory

CONTENTS

  • [01] TUESDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ANDREW N. GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)

  • [02] !!! VOA DAILY BOSNIA REPORT -- NOVEMBER 28, 1995

  • [03] BOSNIA BY DAN NOBLE (WASHINGTON)

  • [04] BOSNIA/SARAJEVO (L ONLY) BY DAVID FOLEY (SARAJEVO)

  • [05] BOSNIA / PUBLIC OPINION (L-O) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)

  • [06] BOSNIA ACCORD PANEL BY PAMELA TAYLOR (WASHINGTON)

  • [07] BOSNIAN STUDENT PROJECT HELPS YOUTH FROM 15 TO 30 BY JUDITH LATHAM (WASHINGTON)

  • [08] CLINTON / BOSNIA SCENESETTER (S) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)

  • [09] CLINTON/ BOSNIA (S&L) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)

  • [10] CLINTON / BOSNIA -- MIAMEI REACT (S ONLY) BY JIM TEEPLE (MIAMI)

  • [11] CLINTON / SERB REACT (L) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)

  • [12] CLINTON / BOSNIA SPEECH (L) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)

  • [13] CONGRESS / CLINTON / BOSNIA (L) BY DAVID SWAN (SENATE)

  • [14] CONGRESS / BOSNIA REACT (L-ONLY) BY DAVID SWAN (SENATE)

  • [15] GERMANY/BOSNIA (L) BY KYLE KING ( BONN )

  • [16] GOP CANDIDATES / BOSNIA (L ONLY) BY JIM MALONE (WASHINGTON)

  • [17] PERRY / U.S. TROOPS (S ONLY) BY DAVID GOLLUST (BRUSSELS)

  • [18] RUSSIA / BOSNIA / L BY DAVID GOLLUST (BRUSSELS)

  • [19] U-S / RUSSIA BOSNIA (L-UPDATE) BY DAVID GOLLUST (BRUSSELS)


  • [01] TUESDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ANDREW N. GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=11/28/95
    TYPE=U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST
    NUMBER=6-09293
    TELEPHONE=619-3335
    EDITOR=PHIL HAYNES
    CONTENT=
    // EDITORS, PLEASE NOTE: THIS IS PERISHABLE MATERIAL AND BECOMES DATED AFTER 10 P-M E-S-T ON TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 28TH //

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON'S MONDAY NIGHT SPEECH TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE EXPLAINING WHY U-S TROOPS ARE NEEDED TO HELP ENFORCE THE PEACE IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA IS THE LEAD TOPIC IN SEVERAL U-S NEWSPAPER EDITORAL COLUMNS. OTHER TOPICS DISCUSSED TODAY: THE DETERIORATING SITUATION IN HAITI, AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR THE BOSNIA MISSION; THE VOTE TO LEGALIZE DIVORCE IN IRELAND; THE WHITEWATER HEARINGS RESUMING IN THE U-S SENATE; NEWT GINGRICH OPTING OUT OF THE PRESIDENTIAL DERBY, AND MORE CRITICISM OF NIGERIA. NOW, _________________ HAS A CLOSER LOOK IN TODAY'S U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST.

    TEXT: BOTH "THE NEW YORK TIMES" AND "LOS ANGELES TIMES" RUSHED EDITORIALS INTO PRINT THIS MORNING ON THE PRESIDENT'S BOSNIA SPEECH. "THE NEW YORK TIMES" SAYS THE PRESIDENT MADE A STRONG CASE FOR THE TROOP DEPLOYMENT, ADDING:

    VOICE: "[OPT] IN A SPEECH TELEVISED FROM THE OVAL OFFICE LAST NIGHT, PRESIDENT CLINTON ASKED THE AMERICAN PEOPLE AND THEIR CONGRESSIONAL REPRESENTATIVES TO APPROVE HIS PLAN TO SEND 20-THOUSAND UNITED STATES TROOPS TO BOSNIA TO HELP ESTABLISH THE PEACE. [END OPT] ... MR. CLINTON MADE A STRONG CASE IN A SOBER, MEASURED ADDRESS. CONGRESS SHOULD HONOR HIS REQUEST IN A TIMELY MANNER... PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS DEFINED A REASONABLE MISSION FOR AMERICAN TROOPS. HE DESERVES THE COUNTRY'S CAREFULLY CONSIDERED SUPPORT."

    TEXT: ON THE WEST COAST, THAT REGION'S LARGEST DAILY, "THE LOS ANGELES TIMES", SAYS THE CLINTON PROPOSAL IS CORRECT, BUT RISKY:

    VOICE: "THE ATTEMPT TO SELL THE PUBLIC ON A U-S MILITARY INVOLVEMENT IN A FARAWAY, LITTLE-UNDERSTOOD COUNTRY IS A HIGH-RISK POLITICAL GAMBLE. THOSE WHO WOULD ATTRIBUTE CLINTON'S BOSNIA STRATEGY PRIMARILY TO ELECTORAL POLITICS ARE WAY OFF TARGET [WRONG]. NEVERTHELESS, THIS PRESIDENT'S RELATIONSHIP WITH THE PEOPLE WILL BE GREATLY AFFECTED BY WHAT HAPPENS IN THE COMING MONTHS IN THE BALKANS... BUT THE PRESIDENT'S CAUSE IS RIGHT."

    [OPT]

    TEXT: AND IN THE FAR NORTHEAST, "THE PORTLAND [MAINE] PRESS HERALD" ALSO SUPPORTS THE PRESIDENT'S STAND:

    VOICE: " ... IT IS BECAUSE AMERICA DID NOT TAKE THE LEAD AMONG WESTERN NATIONS IN ACTING TO PREVENT THE BOSNIAN HOLOCAUST -- DEPENDING TOO LONG ON EUROPE TO ACT -- THAT THE WORLD IS AT THIS POINT TODAY... NOW, AS THEN, U-S NATIONAL INTERESTS ARE BEING DIRECTLY CHALLENGED, FOR WAR IN EUROPE THREATENS STABILITY THROUGHOUT THE WEST. AS PRESIDENT CLINTON SAID SO WELL MONDAY NIGHT, AMERICA LETS THAT CHALLENGE GO UNANSWERED AT ITS PERIL."

    [END OPT]

    TEXT: THE TOPIC GETTING MOST ATTENTION IN TODAY'S LEADING PAPERS IS NOT BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA BUT HAITI, WHERE U-S PEACEKEEPING FORCES ARE TRYING TO HELP ANOTHER WAR-TORN LAND RESTORE ITSELF. BUT RECENT COMMENTS BY HAITIAN PRESIDENT JEAN-BERTRAND ARISTIDE, THAT HE MIGHT NOT STEP DOWN AS PRESIDENT, AND RENEWED STREET RIOTING, HAVE CAUSED CONCERN IN WASHINGTON THAT HAITI'S RETURN TO DEMOCRACY IS FALTERING. THAT VIEW IS MIRRORED IN THE NATION'S PAPERS, AS EXPRESSED IN THIS LEAD EDITORIAL IN TODAY'S "MIAMI HERALD."

    VOICE: "IN THE LAST FEW WEEKS HAITI HAS AGAIN SHOWN THAT, DESPITE ITS MODEST PROGRESS SINCE PRESIDENT JEAN-BERTRAND ARISTIDE'S RETURN 14 MONTHS AGO, THE COUNTRY SITS ON DRY KINDLING, AWAITING COMBUSTION... ALARMINGLY, MR. ARISTIDE'S PENCHANT FOR INCENDIARY RHETORIC COULD CONTRIBUTE TO THE CONFLAGRATION... HAITI'S FRAGILE DEMOCRACY MAY BE IN DEEP TROUBLE. MR. ARISTIDE HAS THE OBLIGATION TO DISPEL LINGERING DOUBTS ... ABOUT STAYING IN THE PRESIDENTIAL PALACE. HE MUST REITERATE HIS COMMITMENT TO STEP ASIDE FOR THE GOOD OF HAITI."

    [OPT]

    TEXT: "THE BOSTON GLOBE" ECHOES THAT SENTIMENT:

    VOICE: "IN THE LONG RUN IT IS IMMATERIAL THAT JEAN-BERTRAND ARISTIDE ENJOYS WIDE POPULARITY AS PRESIDENT OF HAITI AND THAT SOME UNNUMBERED BUT PROBABLY SIGNIFICANT SEGMENT OF THE HAITIAN PUBLIC WOULD LIKE TO SEE HIM CONTINUE AS PRESIDENT BEYOND THE END OF HIS TERM NEXT FEBRUARY. [PRESIDENT] ARISTIDE OWES IT TO HIS COUNTRY AND TO HIMSELF TO STAND BY THE LETTER OF ELECTION LAW AND BY HIS WORD TO THOSE WHO HAVE SUPPORTED HIS RESTORATION TO OFFICE AND STEP DOWN."

    [END OPT]

    TEXT: "THE NEW YORK POST," LONG A STRIDENT CRITIC OF PRESIDENT ARISTIDE, IS NOT REASSURED BY HIS PROMISE TO LEAVE OFFICE NEXT YEAR.

    VOICE: "YESTERDAY, TO BE SURE, THE MARXIST EX-PRIEST WHO RULES HAITI INSISTED IN AN INTERVIEW THAT HE MEANS TO KEEP HIS PLEDGE, THEREBY COMFORTING THE ADMINISTRATION. BUT A RESOLUTION CALLING ON [MR.] ARISTIDE TO CANCEL THE SCHEDULED DECEMBER 17TH ELECTION REMAINS ON THE AGENDA FOR TOMOROW'S CABINET MEETING. INSOFAR AS ARISTIDE CONTROLS THE CABINET AGENDA, IT WOULD SEEM THAT THE ISSUE IS STILL UNRESOLVED."

    TEXT: ON THE WEEKEND VOTE TO ALLOW DIVORCE IN THE REPUBLIC OF IRELAND [THE SOUTH], TODAY'S "ST. LOUIS POST-DISPATCH" SUGGESTS:

    VOICE: "BY THE SMALLEST OF MARGINS, THE IRISH PEOPLE HAVE VOTED TO LEGALIZE DIVORCE... IT MAY SEEM STRANGE THAT DIVORCE IS PART OF THE [REPUBLIC OF IRELAND] CONSTITUTION, BUT IT IS AND THAT IS ONE OF THE REASONS THE MAJORITY IN NORTHERN IRELAND IS WARY OF REUNIFICATION WITH THE REPUBLIC... A LOT MORE THAN A SINGLE CONSTITUTIONAL CHANGE WILL BE REQUIRED BEFORE RESISTANCE TO REUNIFICATION IS EASED SIGNIFICANTLY, BUT LIFTING THE BAN ON DIVORCE IS A STEP IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION.

    [OPT]

    TEXT: THE U-S SENATE RESUMES ITS WHITEWATER HEARINGS TODAY AND IN "THE WALL STREET JOURNAL" OFFERS THESE THOUGHTS:

    VOICE: "IN THE HEARINGS THAT RESUME TODAY, SENATOR ALFONSE D'AMATO'S SPECIAL WHITEWATER COMMITTEE GETS TO THE CENTRAL ISSUE OF THE CONTROVERSY, THE CONDUCT OF GOVERNMENT WHILE BILL CLINTON WAS PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. IT IS NOT WHETHER CRIMES WERE COMMITTED IN A TWO-BIT [INCONSEQUENTIAL] LAND DEAL IN THE OZARKS, BUT WHETHER EXECUTIVE POWER WAS ABUSED TO SHORT-CIRCUIT INVESTIGATIONS THAT MIGHT EMBARRASS A SITTING PRESIDENT AND HIS WIFE."

    [END OPT]

    TEXT: "THE SUN" IN BALTIMORE COMMENTS TODAY ON THE ANNOUNCEMENT THAT SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE NEWT GINGRICH HAS DEFINITELY RULED HIMSELF OUT OF THE RACE FOR PRESIDENT:

    VOICE: "AFTER DRAWING THE HIGHEST NEGATIVES ANY NATIONAL LEADER HAS AMASSED IN RECENT MEMORY, THE SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE HAD MUSED WEEKS BEFORE HE MADE IT OFFICIAL YESTERDAY THAT HE DID NOT CONSIDER HIMSELF A VIABLE CANDIDATE -- IF HE EVER DID. ... AFTER RIDING HIGH THROUGH LAST WINTER AND SPRING, MR. GINGRICH HAS RECENTLY MADE HIMSELF A LAUGHINGSTOCK WITH ONE VERBAL GAFFE AFTER ANOTHER..."

    TEXT: AND FINALLY, "THE LOS ANGELES TIMES" COMMENTS ON THE CONTINUING BARRAGE OF INTERNATIONAL CRITICISM OF THE NIGERIAN GOVERNMENT OVER THE EXECUTION OF DISSIDENT AND ENVIRONMENTALIST KEN SARO-WIWA AND EIGHT OTHERS:

    VOICE: "NELSON MANDELA, THE VOICE OF MORAL AUTHORITY IN AFRICA, HAS INTENSIFIED HIS CALL FOR A GLOBAL BOYCOTT OF NIGERIAN OIL TO PUNISH THAT COUNTRY'S UNREPENTANT MILITARY DICTATORS FOR HANGING NINE MINORITY RIGHTS ACTIVISTS, INCLUDING ENVIRONMENTALIST AND WRITER KEN SARO-WIWA. THE WORLD MUST NOT LET UP THE PRESSURE... {MR.] MANDELA IS RIGHT. NIGERIA MUST BE PUNISHED SEVERELY."

    TEXT: AND ON THAT NOTE, WE CONCLUDE THIS BRIEF SAMPLING OF EDITORIAL OPINION ACROSS THE UNITED STATES THIS TUESDAY.

    NEB/ANG/PCH

    28-Nov-95 11:06 AM EST (1606 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [02] !!! VOA DAILY BOSNIA REPORT -- NOVEMBER 28, 1995

    DATE=11/27/95
    TYPE=ADVISORY
    CONTENT=

    VOA DAILY BOSNIA REPORT -- 11/28/95 THE FOLLOWING IS A SYNOPSIS OF SIGNIFICANT REPORTING ON BOSNIA BY THE VOICE OF AMERICA THAT HAD BEEN BROADCAST OR FIRMLY SCHEDULED AT THE TIME OF PUBLICATION. THIS SELECTION IS NOT INTENDED TO BE EXHAUSTIVE, AND DOES NOT INCLUDE LATE-BREAKING NEWS OR THE MANY REPORTS IN ALL VOA LANGUAGES THAT ARE BASED ON COMMERCIAL WIRE SERVICES OR OTHER SECONDARY SOURCES. WE REGRET THAT WE CANNOT RESPOND TO REQUESTS FOR TRANSCRIPTS OF SPECIFIC BROADCASTS OR PROGRAM SEGMENTS. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT VOA, OFFICE OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS. TELEPHONE: +1-202-619-2538. ELECTRONIC MAIL: LETTERS@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE FROM OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES); LETTERS-USA@VOA.GOV (FOR CORRESPONDENCE WITHIN THE UNITED STATES).

    REPORTS BY VOA NEWS SERVICES:

    US / RUSSIA / BOSNIA -- US DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY AND HIS RUSSIAN COUNTERPART, PAVEL GRACHEV, HAVE REACHED AN ACCORD CLEARING THE WAY FOR RUSSIAN INVOLVEMENT IN BOSNIAN PEACEKEEPING. THE DEAL IN BRUSSELS CAME AS NATO DEFENSE MINISTERS PUT FINAL TOUCHES ON THEIR PLAN FOR A SIXTY THOUSAND MEMBER PEACE IMPLEMENTATION FORCE. CORRESPONDENT DAVID GOLLUST REPORTS FROM NATO HEADQUARTERS. (11/28)

    BOSNIA / PUBLIC OPINION -- THOUSANDS OF AMERICANS CALLED THE WHITE HOUSE SHORTLY AFTER PRESIDENT CLINTON APPEALED TO THE NATION MONDAY NIGHT TO SUPPORT HIS PLANS TO SEND TWENTY THOUSAND US PEACEKEEPING TROOPS TO BOSNIA. THE CALLS INDICATE AMERICANS ARE STILL SHARPLY DIVIDED OVER THE MISSION, DESPITE MR CLINTON'S EFFORT TO CONVINCE THEM IT IS IN THE US INTEREST. ADMINISTRATION OFFICIALS ACKNOWLEDGE THE PRESIDENT HAS MORE WORK TO DO TO WIN THE PUBLIC'S SUPPORT. WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS. (11/28)

    BOSNIA / SERBS -- THE YUGOSLAV GOVERNMENT HAS JOINED THE UNITED STATES IN REJECTING BOSNIAN SERB DEMANDS FOR CHANGES IN THE NEW PEACE AGREEMENT FOR BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. A SENIOR BOSNIAN SERB OFFICIAL, WHO COULD REPLACE HARD-LINE SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADZIC, HAS ALSO PRAISED THE AGREEMENT. CORRESPONDENT WAYNE COREY REPORTS. (11/27)

    NATO / BOSNIA -- MILITARY OFFICIALS OF NATO COUNTRIES SAID THAT THEY HAVE STARTED THE FINAL PHASE OF THE PLAN TO SEND SIXTY THOUSAND SOLDIERS TO BOSNIA. NATO FOREIGN MINISTERS ARE EXPECTED TO ISSUE AN ORDER FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE DAYTON AGREEMENT IN ABOUT A WEEK. STRINGER DRAGAN BLAGOJEVIC REPORTS FROM BRUSSELS. (SERBIAN 11/27)

    SERBS / SARAJEVO -- BOSNIAN SERB MEDIA REPORT THAT THE SERBIAN POPULATION IN SARAJEVO IS UNHAPPY WITH A PROVISION OF THE DAYTON PEACE PLAN WHICH PUTS THE CAPITAL UNDER THE CONTROL OF THE BOSNIAN-CROAT FEDERATION. AT THE SAME TIME, A REPRESENTATIVE OF THE UN HIGH COMMISSION FOR REFUGEES BELIEVES THE MAJORITY OF SERBS WILL LEAVE THE AREA. STRINGER BORO KONTIC REPORTS. (SERBIAN 11/27)

    SARAJEVO SERBS / UN -- THE MAJORITY OF SERBS LIVING IN SARAJEVO AREAS THAT WILL REVERT TO GOVERNMENT CONTROL ACCORDING TO THE DAYTON AGREEMENT, WILL LEAVE SARAJEVO, ACCORDING TO CHRIS JANOWSKI, UNHCR SPOKESMAN IN SARAJEVO. THEY WOULD PROBABLY RETURN WHEN THEY ARE CONVINCED THAT THE GOVERNMENT OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA WILL NOT RETALIATE. STRINGER VLADIMIR BILIC REPORTS. (CROATIAN 11/27)

    SACIRBEY / ZAGREB -- BOSNIAN FOREIGN MINISTER M. SACIRBEY HELD A NEWS CONFERENCE IN CROATIAN CAPITAL, EXPRESSING SOME UNHAPPINESS WITH THE DAYTON PEACE ACCORD. HOWEVER, HE BELIEVES THAT THE BOSNIAN SERBS WILL JOIN IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE AGREEMENT. STRINGER STEVICA SUSA REPORTS FORM ZAGREB. (SERBIAN 11/27)

    YUGOSLAVIA / BOSNIA -- HIGH OFFICIALS OF THE YUGOSLAV FEDERATION HAVE RESTATED THEIR SUPPORT FOR THE DAYTON PEACE ACCORD ON BOSNIA. AT THE SAME TIME, THEY WARNED AGAINST ANY ATTEMPTS TO SABOTAGE THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE AGREEMENT. STRINGER MILICA KUBUROVIC REPORTS FROM BELGRADE. (SERBIAN 11/27)

    POSAVINA REFUGEES / REACTIONS -- CROATIAN REFUGEES AND DISPLACED PERSONS FROM POSAVINA CLAIM THAT THE DAYTON PEACE ACCORD HAS SOLD OUT THE POSAVINA REGION TO THE BOSNIAN SERBS, VIOLATING THE CONSTITUTION OF THE BOSNIAN FEDERATION. STRINGER LINDA MILISA REPORTS FROM ZAGREB. (CROATIAN 11/27)

    DAYTON ACCORD / CHURCH REACTIONS -- SARAJEVO CARDINAL VINKO PULJIC HAS QUESTIONED WHETHER THE DAYTON ACCORD WILL BRING A JUST PEACE. THE SERBIAN CHURCH PATRIARCH WELCOMED THE PEACE ACCORD, AND ZAGREB CARDINAL FRANJO KUHARIC SAYS THAT WHILE HE IS HOPEFUL THAT ACCORD WILL BRING PEACE, HE FEARS THAT THE PREWAR CROATIAN MAJORITY IN THE POSAVINA REGION COULD BECOME THE VICTIM OF 'ETHNIC CLEANSING.' STRINGER ZELJKO MATIC REPORTS FROM ZAGREB. (CROATIAN 11/27)

    GERMANY / BOSNIAN REFUGEES -- THERE IS A DISPUTE WITHIN THE GERMAN GOVERNMENT REGARDING REPATRIATION OF SOME THREE HUNDRED THOUSAND BOSNIAN REFUGEES. GERMAN DEFENSE MINISTER VOLKER RUHE WANTS TO SEND THEM HOME, WHILE FOREIGN MINISTER KLAUS KINKEL THINKS THAT MOVE IS UNTIMELY, AND WOULD INCREASE TENSIONS IN THE AREA. STRINGER IVICA LOVRIC FROM BONN. (CROATIAN 11/27)

    REBEL MUSLIM REFUGEES RETURN -- ABOUT FIFTEEN HUNDRED REFUGEES, SUPPORTERS OF RENEGADE BOSNIAN LEADER FIKRET ABDIC LEFT A CAMP IN CROATIA AND RETURNED TO VELIKA KLADUSA, IN NORTHWESTERN BOSNIA. THE MAJORITY REFUSED TO DO SO FEARING RETALIATION FROM 5TH CORPS OF THE BOSNIAN ARMY. SOME SAY THEY WANT THEIR FORMER LEADER FIKRET ABDIC TO LEAD THEM BACK. STRINGER LINDA MILISA REPORTS FROM VELIKA KLADUSA. (CROATIAN 11/27)

    UN / BOSNIA -- UN SECRETARY GENERAL BOUTROS GHALI HAS RECOMMENDED TO THE SECURITY COUNCIL THAT UN FORCES IN CROATIA AND BOSNIA STAY ON FOR TWO MORE MONTHS AFTER THE PRESENT DEADLINE EXPIRES AT THE END OF NOVEMBER. HE ALSO SUGGESTED THAT UN OPERATION IN MACEDONIA SHOULD BE EXTENDED FOR ONE YEAR. STRINGER DRAGISA BOSKOVIC REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (SERBIAN 11/27)

    UN PEACEKEEPING MANDATE -- FEW DAYS BEFORE THE EXPIRATION OF THE UN MANDATE IN BOSNIA, CROATIA, AND MACEDONIA, UN SECRETARY GENERAL BOUTROS GHALI SAID UN PEACEKEEPERS SHOULD STAY IN CROATIA AND BOSNIA FOR TWO MORE MONTHS, AND IN MACEDONIA FOR ONE MORE YEAR. STRINGER IVICA PULJIC REPORTS FROM NEW YORK. (CROATIAN 11/27)

    BOSNIA / NATO FORCES -- SOME OF THE UN PEACE KEEPERS ARE LEAVING BOSNIA NOW WHILE MAJORITY WILL STAY, SAYS HASAN MURATOVIC, BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT MINISTER IN CHARGE OF RELATIONS WITH UNPROFOR. SOME PEACEKEEPERS WILL CHANGE THEIR UNIFORMS, AND PAINT THEIR WEAPONS AND VEHICLES TO BECOME PART OF NATO OPERATIONS IN BOSNIA. STRINGER VLADIMIR BILIC REPORTS FROM SARAJEVO. (CROATIAN 11/27)

    TURKEY / US / BOSNIA PEACE -- THE TURKISH GOVERNMENT HAS ENDORSED PRESIDENT CLINTON'S DECISION TO SEND THOUSANDS OF US TROOPS TO BOSNIA AS PART OF THE NATO PEACE IMPLEMENTATION FORCE. STAFFER KEMAL AKAYDIN INTERVIEWS ALI DINCER, TURKISH MINISTER OF STATE. THE TURKISH OFFICIAL SAYS DESPITE SOME OF ITS SHORTCOMINGS TO THE DETRIMENT OF THE BOSNIAN MUSLIMS, THE DAYTON AGREEMENT IS A WELCOME DEVELOPMENT TOWARD PEACE. HE ALSO SAYS TURKEY IS READY TO PROVIDE AS LARGE A CONTINGENCY AS NEEDED TO THE NATO FORCE IN BOSNIA. (TURKISH 11/28)

    BOSNIA / PEACEKEEPING -- REPORTER TERRY WING TALKS WITH COLONEL DAVID HACKWORTH AND LLOYD CUTLER ABOUT THE JOB PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS IN CONVINCING THE AMERICAN PUBLIC AND CONGRESS TO BACK US PARTICIPATION IN THE NATO PEACEKEEPING FORCE IN BOSNIA. HACKWORTH SAYS THE US HAS MORE PRESSING PROBLEMS HERE AT HOME AND THAT NATO IS A COLD-WAR AGE CONCEPT THAT HAS BECOME OUTDATED AND DOESN'T NEED AMERICAN INVOLVEMENT. MR CUTLER, FORMER ADVISER TO PRESIDENT CLINTON, SAYS THIS IS AN IMPORTANT MOMENT FOR BOTH MR CLINTON AND THE AMERICAN LEADERSHIP. (ENGLISH NEWS PROGRAMS 11/27)

    US / BOSNIA / ALBANIA -- THREE HUNDRED FIFTY US MARINES HAVE ARRIVED IN ALBANIA FOR A FIVE DAY TRAINING ON MOUNTAIN TERRAIN AND WEATHER CONDITIONS, IN PREPARATION FOR THEIR MISSION TO ENFORCE THE PEACE AGREEMENT IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. STRINGER MERO BAZE REPORTS FROM TIRANA THAT PRESIDENT SALI BERISHA REAFFIRMED ALBANIA'S READINESS TO MAKE AVAILABLE TO AMERICAN AND NATO FORCES ALL FACILITIES TO CARRY OUT THEIR MISSION IN BOSNIA. (ALBANIAN 11/27)

    UN / KOSOVO -- UN HUMAN RIGHTS SPECIAL ENVOY TO FORMER YUGOSLAVIA, ELIZABETH RAND, VISITED KOSOVO, WHERE SHE DISCUSSED THE HUMAN RIGHTS SITUATION IN THE PROVINCE WITH DR IBRAHIM RUGOVA, WITH THE LEADERS OF THE PRISTINA COUNCIL FOR PROTECTION OF LIBERTIES AND HUMAN RIGHTS, AND WITH REPRESENTATIVES OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT. STRINGER IBRAHIM OSMANI REPORTS. (ALBANIAN 11/27) 28-Nov-95 4:56 PM EST (2156 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [03] BOSNIA BY DAN NOBLE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=11/28/95
    TYPE=U-S COLUMNISTS ROUNDUP: BOSNIA #2
    NUMBER=6-09294
    TELEPHONE=619-1014
    EDITOR=PHIL HAYNES
    CONTENT=
    (ED. NOTE: THIS IS ONE OF A SPECIAL SERIES ON DEVELOPMENTS IN BOSNIA AND THE REACTION OF SELECTED AMERICAN NEWSPAPER COLUMNISTS.)

    INTRO: MONDAY EVENING, IN A NATIONALLY TELEVISED ADDRESS, PRESIDENT CLINTON EXPLAINED HIS PLANS FOR SENDING 20-THOUSAND AMERICAN GROUND TROOPS TO BOSNIA AS PART OF A NATO PEACEKEEPING FORCE. THE PRESIDENT CALLED IT A 'LIMITED, FOCUSED MISSION FOR BOSNIA", ADDING THAT "AMERICA'S ROLE WILL NOT BE ABOUT FIGHTING A WAR. IT WILL BE ABOUT HELPING THE PEOPLE OF BOSNIA TO SECURE THEIR OWN PEACE AGREEMENT." AMERICAN NEWSPAPER COLUMNISTS ARE EXPRESSING A RANGE OF VIEWS ON THE SUBJECT. ______________ HAS THIS DIGEST OF COMMENTS APPEARING IN SOME OF AMERICA'S LEADING DAILIES.

    TEXT: PAT BUCHANAN, A REPUBLICAN CANDIDATE FOR PRESIDENT, OFFERS HIS VIEW ABOUT AMERICAN MILITARY INVOLVEMENT IN BOSNIA, IN A COLUMN APPEARING IN TUESDAY'S EDITION OF THE LOS ANGELES TIMES. IN THE WORDS OF MR. BUCHANAN, A FORMER AIDE TO PRESIDENT NIXON, "THIS BOSNIAN CRISIS IS THE TIME TO TELL THE EUROPEANS WHAT THEY SHOULD HAVE BEEN TOLD YEARS AGO: DEFENSE OF THEIR CONTINENT IS NOW THEIR RESPONSIBILITY." AND, SAYS PAT BUCHANAN, "KEEP AMERICA THE GREATEST POWER ON EARTH, FIRST ON LAND, SEA, IN THE AIR AND SPACE. STRIKE HARD ANY ENEMY THAT STRIKES US. HOLD HIGH THE TORCH OF LIBERTY, REPUBLICANISM. BUT KEEP THE BRAVEST OF AMERICA'S YOUNG OUT OF WARS WHERE NO VITAL INTEREST IS AT RISK, AND DO NOT SEND OUR WEALTH ABROAD IN FOREIGN AID TO BALANCE THE BUDGETS OF FOREIGN REGIMES WHEN WE CANNOT EVEN BALANCE OUR OWN."

    AGREEING WITH PAT BUCHANAN IS JOSEPH SOBRAN, WHOSE COLUMN APPEARS IN THE WASHINGTON TIMES AND IS SYNDICATED THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY. MR. SOBRAN ARGUES THAT "THE BOSNIAN MISSION IS NEITHER NECESSARY NOR BENEFICIAL FOR THE COUNTRY." HE SAYS, "FEW OUTSIDE THE MEDIA AND FOREIGN POLICY ESTABLISHMENTS REALLY WANT THE UNITED STATES INVOLVED; EVEN (FORMER SECRETARY OF STATE) HENRY KISSENGER HAS RESERVATIONS. MANY OTHERS PASSIONATELY WANT THE UNITED STATES TO STAY OUT. FOR MR. CLINTON," WRITES JOSEPH SOBRAN, "THE PROSPECT IS NO POLITICAL GAIN AND A HUGE POTENTIAL LOSS. HIS FOREIGN POLICY IS THE ONE AREA OF HIS PRESIDENCY THAT HASN'T MADE HIM BITTER ENEMIES." BUT, SAYS MR. SOBRAN, "THAT CAN CHANGE OVERNIGHT. HE MAY KEEP REPEATING THAT IT'S MERELY A PEACEKEEPING MISSION, BUT AS SOON AS AMERICAN TROOPS START GETTING KILLED BY SNIPERS AND MAIMED BY LANDMINES, IT MAY AS WELL BE THE KOREAN WAR -- ANOTHER 'POLICE ACTION' WITHOUT A FORMAL CONGRESSIONAL DECLARATION OF WAR."

    RICHARD COHEN, WRITING IN THE WASHINGTON POST, DISAGREES WITH MR. SOBRAN'S CONTENTION. MR. COHEN TELLS READERS THAT THE BEST REASON FOR SENDING AMERICAN TROOPS TO BOSNIA WAS -- IN HIS WORDS -- "PROVIDED NOT BY A POLITICIAN OR STATESMAN BUT, AS SOMETIMES HAPPENS, BY A WRITER: ELIE WIESEL. 'WE MUST DO SOMETHING TO STOP THE BLOODSHED IN THAT COUNTRY'. IT IS THAT SIMPLE." RICHARD COHEN ADDS THAT "IN THE END, SENDING TROOPS TO BOSNIA MAY NOT WORK... AMERICANS MAY DIE AND STILL THE WAR MIGHT GO ON... BUT WE CAN SAY WE DID THE RIGHT THING. TO DO NOTHING WOULD PUT US ALL INTO A CATEGORY THE LATE BRITISH WRITER ARTHUR KOESTLER CREATED FOR A FELLOW INTELLECTUAL WHO SAID HE WAS UNAWARE OF THE HOLOCAUST -- 'AN ACCOMPLICE BY OMISSION', HE CALLED HIM."

    PAUL WOLFOWITZ, UNDERSECRETARY OF DEFENSE IN THE BUSH ADMINISTRATION, AND DOUGLAS J. FEITH, WHO SERVED AS DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE IN THE REAGAN ADMINISTRATION, OFFER THEIR THOUGHTS IN A COLUMN PUBLISHED IN TUESDAY'S WALL STREET JOURNAL. UNDER THE HEADING: "THE ARGUMENT CLINTON ISN'T MAKING ON BOSNIA," THE TWO WRITE THAT: "UNFORTUNATELY, THE DAYTON ACCORDS LACK CLEAR COMMITMENTS TO EQUIP AND TRAIN THE BOSNIAN FORCES. ADMINISTRATION STATEMENTS ARE DISTURBINGLY AMBIGUOUS ON THIS POINT. U-S OFFICIALS SAY THEY HAVE ASSURED THE BOSNIANS THAT FEDERATION FORCES WILL BE EQUIPPED AND TRAINED, BUT THAT ASSURANCE ITSELF IS HEDGED BY A MISPLACED FAITH THAT NEW ARMS CONTROL AGREEMENTS MIGHT MAKE IT UNNECESSARY..." THE TWO FORMER OFFICIALS SAY, "IF THE ADMINISTRATION IS TO ALLAY PUBLIC AND CONGRESSIONAL SKEPTICISM ABOUT THE TROOP DEPLOYMENT, IT MUST MAKE CLEAR THAT ARMING AND TRAINING BOSNIAN FEDERATION FORCES IS NOT ONLY CONSISTENT WITH (AMERICA'S) ROLE IN THE PEACEKEEPING FORCE, IT IS ALSO THE KEY TO THE 'EXIT STRATEGY' FOR (U-S) TROOPS." IN THEIR WORDS: "IF WE ARE UNABLE TO HELP PUT THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT IN A POSITION TO DEFEND ITSELF, THE ADMINISTRATION WILL FIND, WHEN IT WANTS TO WITHDRAW OUR FORCES AFTER A YEAR OR SO, THAT IT CANNOT DO SO WITHOUT TRIGGERING A CATASTROPHE."

    SIMILAR THOUGHTS ARE EXPRESSED BY JAMES WEBB, A MARINE WHO FOUGHT IN VIETNAM, AND WHO LATER BECAME SECRETARY OF THE NAVY IN THE REAGAN ADMINISTRATION. HE WRITES THAT, "THE U-S NEEDS A GLOBAL STRATEGY BEFORE IT PUTS OUT ANY MORE FIRES." MR. WEBB MAINTAINS THAT: "MORE THAN EVER BEFORE, THE UNITED STATES HAS BECOME THE NATION OF CHOICE WHEN CRISES OCCUR, LARGE AND SMALL. AT THE SAME TIME, THE SIZE AND LOCATION OF OUR MILITARY FORCES ARE IN FLUX. IT IS IMPORTANT TO MAKE OUR INTERESTS KNOWN TO OUR CITIZENS, OUR ALLIES AND EVEN OUR POTENTIAL ADVERSARIES, NOT JUST IN BOSNIA BUT AROUND THE WORLD, SO THAT COMMITMENTS CAN BE MEASURED BY SOMETHING OTHER THAN THE PRESSURES OF INTEREST GROUPS AND MANIPULATION BY THE PRESS."

    MR. WEBB'S COLUMN APPEARED IN THE NEW YORK TIMES.

    THIS CONCLUDES ANOTHER EDITION OF A SPECIAL VOICE OF AMERICA SERIES ON THE VIEWS OF LEADING AMERICAN NEWSPAPER COLUMNISTS ON DEVELOPMENTS IN BOSNIA.

    NEB/DN/PCH
    28-Nov-95 10:12 AM EST (1512 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [04] BOSNIA/SARAJEVO (L ONLY) BY DAVID FOLEY (SARAJEVO)

    DATE=11/28/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-189224
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE RESISTANCE TO THE PEACE PLAN BY RESIDENTS OF SERB-HELD SARAJEVO IS OF CONTINUING CONCERN. UNITED NATIONS OFFICIALS HAVE WARNED IT COULD BE THE FLASH POINT FOR RENEWED FIGHTING IN BOSNIA. HOWEVER, THERE IS GROWING OPTIMISM IN THE BOSNIAN CAPITAL THE DISPUTE CAN BE DEFUSED. DAVID FOLEY REPORTS FROM SARAJEVO.

    TEXT: THE FUTURE OF SERB-HELD AREAS OF SARAJEVO IS THE BIGGEST THREAT TO THE BOSNIAN PEACE PLAN, WHICH SAYS THE AREAS MUST BE TURNED OVER TO GOVERNMENT CONTROL. THE BOSNIAN SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADZIC HAS SAID SARAJEVO WILL BECOME THE "BEIRUT OF EUROPE" IF THE PLAN IS NOT CHANGED.

    BUT THE THREATS, WHICH WERE WIDELY SEEN AS AN EFFORT TO TURN U-S PUBLIC AND CONGRESSIONAL OPINION AGAINST THE PEACE DEAL, SEEM TO HAVE HAD LITTLE IMPACT. PRESIDENT CLINTON, IN HIS NATIONALLLY TELEVISED ADDRESS TO THE AMERICAN PUBLIC MONDAY TO BUILD SUPPORT FOR THE DEPLOYMENT OF AMERICAN TROOPS HERE, DID NOT EVEN MENTION THEM. U-S STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIALS WERE DISMISSIVE, SAYING THEY DO NOT EXPECT ORGANIZED RESISTANCE TO THE NATO DEPLOYMENT.

    // OPT //

    U-S OFFICIALS SAY THEY EXPECT MR. KARADZIC AND BOSNIAN SERB ARMY COMMANDER RATKO MLADIC -- BOTH OF WHOM HAVE BEEN CHARGED WITH WAR CRIMES -- TO RESIGN SHORTLY AFTER THE DEPLOYMENT OF NATO TROOPS, IF NOT BEFORE. // END OPT //

    BUT SERB-HELD SARAJEVO IS THE BIGGEST PROBLEM IN THE PATH OF PEACE IN BOSNIA, DESPITE U-S EFFORTS TO DOWNPLAY IT. U-N OFFICIALS SAY 40 TO 60-THOUSAND SERBS LIVE IN THE AREAS THAT ARE TO BE HANDED OVER, AND HAVE URGED THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT TO TRY TO CONVINCE THE SERBS TO STAY. BOSNIAN PRESIDENT IZETBEGOVIC SAID TUESDAY CIVILIANS SHOULD STAY IN THEIR HOMES, BUT HE SAID BOSNIAN SERB SOLDIERS COULD EXPECT NO FORGIVENESS.

    ///- IZETBEGOVIC ACT ///

    WE ARE GOING TO CONTACT THESE PEOPLE AND TO CONVEY THEM THE GUARANTEES FOR SECURITY, BUT EMPHASIZING THAT NO SECURITY WOULD BE GUARANTEED TO THE KLLLERS.

    ///END ACT///

    BUT MEETINGS ARE BEING HELD TO DISCUSS WAYS TO BUILD CONFIDENCE AMONG THE RESIDENTS OF SERB HELD AREAS OF THE CAPITAL. MEASURES SUCH AS OPENING INTERNATIONAL AID AGENCY OFFICES IN SERB AREAS, IMPROVING FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT, AND RESTORING TELEPHONE LINKS ARE ALL BEING CONSIDERED, BUT PRESIDENT IZETBEGOVIC SAYS IN THE END IT WILL BE UP TO SERBIAN PRESIDENT MILOSEVIC TO ENSURE THE BOSNIAN SERBS COMPLY WITH THE PEACE DEAL.

    /// IZETBEGOVIC ACT ///

    PRESIDENT MILOSEVIC HAS BEEN AUTHORIZED, WAS AUTHORIZED TO SIGN, TO NEGOTIATE AND TO SIGN ON BEHALF OF THE BOSNIAN SERBS, AND HE IS OBLIGED TO ENSURE THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WHAT HE SIGNED THERE.

    ///END ACT///

    BUT THE RESIDENTS OF SERB AREAS OF SARAJEVO ARE VERY CRITICAL OF PRESIDENT MILOSEVIC, SAYING HE TRADED SARAJEVO FOR THE LIFTING OF ECONOMIC SANCTIONS AGAINST SERBIA. THEY HOPE MR. KARADZIC, AND OTHER HARDLINE BOSNIAN SERB NATIONALISTS BASED IN THEIR HEADQUARTERS IN PALE, NEAR SARAJEVO, CAN WRECK THE PEACE AGREEMENT AND SAVE THEIR HOMES.

    // REST OPT //

    BUT THERE IS GROWING EVIDENCE THE BOSNIAN SERB POLITICAL CENTER OF GRAVITY IS SHIFTING FROM PALE TOWARD THE NORTHERN CITY OF BANJA LUKA.

    BANJA LUKA IS THE BOSNIAN SERBS' LARGEST CITY. WHILE IT IS SECURE UNDER THE PEACE PLAN, IT WOULD BE UNDER SERIOUS THREAT SHOULD THE WAR RESUME. POLITICIANS THERE ARE MORE MODERATE AND GENERALLY PRO-MILOSEVIC. THEY HAVE BEEN CALLING FOR A MEETING OF THE BOSNIAN SERB PARLIAMENT TO ENDORSE THE PEACE PLAN, INDICATING THE MODERATES MAY NOW CONTROL THE BOSNIAN SERB ASSEMBLY, A FORMER BASTION OF SERB HARDLINERS.

    IN ANOTHER BLOW TO THE HARDLINERS THE NUMBER THREE MAN IN THE BOSNIAN SERB ARMY, GENERAL GVERO, HAS ALSO ENDORSED THE PLAN, WHILE GENERAL MLADIC HAS REMAINED SILENT. IT IS STILL TOO EARLY TO SAY IF THE BOSNIAN SERBS IN SARAJEVO WILL ACCEPT THE PEACE PLAN, OR WILL CHOOSE TO FIGHT, BUT THERE ARE GROWING HOPES MOST RESISTANCE TO THE PEACE PLAN CAN BE OVERCOME. (SIGNED)

    NEB/DF/MH/GPT
    28-Nov-95 3:03 PM EST (2003 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [05] BOSNIA / PUBLIC OPINION (L-O) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)

    DATE=11/28/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-189225
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THOUSANDS OF AMERICANS CALLED THE WHITE HOUSE SHORTLY AFTER PRESIDENT CLINTON APPEALED TO THE NATION MONDAY NIGHT TO SUPPORT HIS PLANS TO SEND 20-THOUSAND U-S PEACEKEEPING TROOPS TO BOSNIA. THE CALLS INDICATE AMERICANS ARE STILL SHARPLY DIVIDED OVER THE MISSION, DESPITE MR. CLINTON'S EFFORT TO CONVINCE THEM IT IS IN THE U-S INTEREST. ADMINISTSRATION OFFICIALS ACKNOWLEDGE THE PRESIDENT HAS MORE WORK TO DO TO WIN THE PUBLIC'S SUPPORT. V-O-A WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS.

    TEXT: CLINTON SPOKESMAN MIKE MCCURRY SAYS THE WHITE HOUSE RECEIVED AS MANY AS THREE-THOUSAND PHONE CALLS ABOUT PRESIDENT CLINTON'S NATIONALLY-TELEVISED OVAL OFFICE ADDRESS BY EARLY TUESDAY MORNING.

    MR. MCCURRY SAYS THE CALLS WERE ABOUT EVENLY SPLIT FOR AND AGAINST THE PRESIDENT'S POSITION. HE SAYS THAT INDICATES AMERICANS STILL HAVE A LOT OF QUESTIONS ABOUT THE MISSION.

    // MCCURRY ACT. //

    THE AMERICAN PEOPLE CLEARLY WANT TO KNOW MORE. THEY CLEARLY ARE ASKING QUESTIONS LIKE 'WHY DO WE HAVE TO CARRY THIS BURDEN? WHY AREN'T THE EUROPEANS DOING MORE? WHAT IS THIS CONFLICT ABOUT TO BEGIN WITH?'

    // END MCCURRY ACT. //

    MR. MCCURRY SAYS THE PRESIDENT UNDERSTANDS THERE IS STILL A GREAT DEAL OF SKEPTICISM ABOUT THE PEACEKEEPING MISSION, AND WILL HAVE MORE WORK TO DO TO MAKE HIS CASE CLEAR.

    // 2ND MCCURRY ACT. //

    WE BELIEVE WE WILL HAVE TO CONTINUE TO EXPLAIN TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE THE NATURE OF THIS CONFLICT, THE PRECISE DETAILS OF THE SETTLEMENT WHICH HAS NOW BROUGHT THAT CONFLICT, WE HOPE, TO AN END, AND THE REQUIREMENTS OF LEADERSHIP AS WE WORK WITH THE PARTIES TO IMPLEMENT THAT PEACE. NOT ONE SPEECH WILL CONVINCE A SKEPTICAL CONGRESS OR A SKEPTICAL NATION THAT THIS IS THE RIGHT COURSE.

    // END ACT. //

    THE SPOKESMAN SAYS MR. CLINTON IS CONFIDENT THAT ONCE AMERICANS UNDERSTAND HIS POSITION, THEY WILL FULLY SUPPORT HIM.

    THE PRESIDENT WILL HAVE A NUMBER OF OPPORTUNITIES TO UNDERSCORE HIS ARGUMENT DURING A TRIP TO EUROPE THIS WEEK.

    HE IS TO ADDRESS THE ISSUE DURING A SPEECH TO THE BRITISH PARLIAMENT SHORTLY AFTER HIS ARRIVAL IN LONDON WEDNESDAY, AND THEN AGAIN SATURDAY AT RAMSTEIN AIR FORCE BASE IN GERMANY, WHERE HE WILL MEET WITH U-S TROOPS WHO WILL BE DEPLOYED IN BOSNIA.

    OFFICIALS SAY MR. CLINTON WILL ALSO DEVOTE HIS SATURDAY RADIO ADDRESS TO BOSNIA, FOR THE SECOND WEEK IN A ROW. (SIGNED)

    NEB / DAT / BD / GPT
    28-Nov-95 3:25 PM EST (2025 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [06] BOSNIA ACCORD PANEL BY PAMELA TAYLOR (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=11/28/95
    TYPE=CLOSEUP
    NUMBER=4-08749
    TELEPHONE=619-1101
    EDITOR=PHIL HAYNES
    CONTENT= // TAPE INSERTS AVAILABLE FROM AUDIO SERVICES //

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS LAUNCHED HIS CAMPAIGN TO CONVINCE THE AMERICAN PEOPLE AND THE U-S CONGRESS THAT HE IS DOING THE RIGHT THING IN SENDING OF ABOUT 20 THOUSAND AMERICAN TROOPS TO BOSNIA. THE CAMPAIGN BEGAN WITH A NATIONAL TELEVISED SPEECH TO THE NATION ON MONDAY NIGHT AND HAS CONTINUED WITH MEETINGS BETWEEN ADMINISTRATION OFFICIALS AND MEMBERS OF CONGRESS FROM BOTH PARTIES. PRESIDENT CLINTON'S MESSAGE TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE IS THAT THE AS A LEADING MEMBER OF NATO, THE UNITED STATES MUST PLAY ITS PART IN BOSNIA. BUT HE PLEDGED THE AMERICAN ROLE WOULD BE LIMITED AND CARRIED OUT UNDER THE

    COMMAND OF AN AMERICAN GENERAL. VOA'S PAMELA TAYLOR

    LOOKS AT THE PROSPECTS FOR PEACEFULLY ENFORCING THE BOSNIA PEACE ACCORD REACHED LAST WEEK IN DAYTON, OHIO. PT: OUR GUESTS FOR THIS PANEL DISCUSSION ARE RICHARD HAAS, DIRECTOR INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AT THE COUNCIL ON FOREIGN RELATIONS IN WASHINGTON D.C. AND ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR ROBERT HAYDEN, A SPECIALIST ON YUGOSLAVIA AT THE UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURG (PENNSLYVANIA). I'LL BEGIN MY FIRST QUESITON WITH YOU MR. HAAS. PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS BEGUN HIS CAMPAIGN TO SELL THE DAYTON AGREEMENT TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE AND THE U-S CONGRESS. SO FAR CRITICISM FROM THE MILITARY AND THE U-S CONGRESS HAS BEEN MUTED. DO YOU THINK THIS IS BECAUSE EVERYONE IS JUST WAITING TO SEE HOW THE AMERICAN PUBLIC WILL REACT TO THE PRESIDENT'S SPEECH? OR IS IT BECAUSE MOST PEOPLE THINK THIS AGREEMENT MIGHT BE AIR-TIGHT ENOUGH TO BE CAPABLE OF BEING POLICED? HAAS: I THINK IT'S BOTH THOSE REASONS AND SEVERAL OTHER THINGS. CLEARLY THERE WAS SOME RELUCTANCE TO GET OUT IN FRONT OF THE PRESIDENT UNTIL HE HAD A CHANCE TO MAKE HIS STATEMENT. PEOPLE REALLY WANTED TO HEAR THE DETAILS, GET A SENSE OF THE POLITICAL LAY OF THE LAND, THROUGH THE POLLS, THE CONGRESS IN GENERAL. BUT REALLY THE PRESIDENT WAITED AWFULLY LATE IN THE DAY TO START EXPLAINING WHAT THIS WAS ABOUT. PT: PROFESSOR HAYDEN, DO YOU AGREE WITH THAT? RH: PARTLY, BUT I THINK MOST PEOPLE ARE WAITING TO SEE EXACTLY WHAT THIS AGREEMENT IS ALL ABOUT. NO ONE HAS, TO MY KNOWLEDGE, ACTUALLY LAID OUT WHAT THE MILITARY MISSION IS GOING TO BE. AND WE ARE SUDDENLY DISCOVERING THAT ONE OF THE KEY POINTS OF THE AGREEMENT, A POINT OF WHICH THE ADMINISTRATION IS VERY PROUD, WHICH IS THE PRESERVATION OF SARAJEVO AS A UNIFIED CITY, IS POTENTIALLY A DISASTER. AND THE REASON IT'S A DISASTER IS THAT SARAJEVO IS PARTITIONED COMPLETELY AND THE SERBS LIVING IN THE PARTS OF SARAJEVO THAT WOULD GO UNDER MUSLIM CONTROL SAY THEY ARE NOT GOING TO MOVE. THEY ARE NOT GOING TO ACCEPT MUSLIM CONTROL, AND THEY'RE GOING TO FIGHT, WHICH RAISES THE POSSIBLILITY THAT NATO'S FIRST JOB IS GOING TO BE EITHER HELPING THE BOSNIAN MUSLIMS ATTACK PARTS OF SARAJEVO, IRONICALLY, OR TRYING TO EXPELL SERBS FROM THOSE REGIONS. HAAS: I DISAGREE WITH THAT. I THINK IF THERE IS RESISTANCE THAT FUNDAMENTALLY TRANSFORMS THIS MISSION AND MAY INDEED ACTUALLY PULL THE PLUG ON IT BEFORE IT BEGINS. IF THERE IS CLEAR EVIDENCE THAT YOU HAVE MASSIVE BOSNIAN SERB RESISTANCE IN OPPOSITION, IF IN FACT MR. MILOSEVIC, THE PRESIDENT OF SERBIA, THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA, CANNOT DELIVER THE BOSNIAN SERBS UNDER SOME ALTERNATE LEADERSHIP TO THE CURRENT ONE, THEN I THINK THE ENTIRE IMPLEMENTATION FORCE SCHEDULE WILL HAVE TO BE PUT ON HOLD. PT: A LOT OF PEOPLE ARE SAYING A MILITARY BALANCE IS NECESSARY TO INSURE THAT BOTH SIDES IN THE BOSNIAN CONFLICT CONTINUE TO IMPLEMENT THIS PEACE AGREEMENT AFTER THE U-S FORCES AND NATO FORCES ARE GONE. AND OTHER SAY THERE ALREADY IS A ROUGH MILITARY BALANCE BETWEEN THE FORCES, SO WOULDN'T THIS BE UPSET IF THERE WERE A RE-ARMING OF THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT EVEN ON A GRADUAL BASIS AS THE RECENT U-N SECURTITY COUNCIL WOULD DO? MR. HAAS? HAAS: I DON'T THINK SO. IF YOU LOOK AT THE DETAILS OF THE AGREEMENT, IT'S ACTUALLY ONE OF THE MORE CLEVER PARTS OF THE AGREEMENT. AS THE AGREEMENT READS, THE ARMING AND DISARMING PORTIONS HAVE 180 DAYS TO TAKE EFFECT. OVER THE NEXT 6 MONTHS SERBIA, THE BOSNIAN SERBS, CROATIA, ESSENTIALLY HAVE TO BUILD DOWN IN SELECTIVE CATEGORIES OF MAJOR HEAVY WEAPONS. IF THEY DO THAT THEN THE UNITED STATES AND OTHERS WILL NOT FEEL COMPELLED TO BUILD UP THE BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT. HOWEVER IF THIS BUILD-DOWN UNDER SPECIFIED RATIOS DOES NOT TAKE PLACE UNDER THE NEXT 6 MONTHS OR 180 DAYS, THEN THE UNITED STATES EITHER DIRECTLY OR THROUGH LETTING OTHERS DO IT, WILL FEEL COMPELLED TO BUILD UP THE BOSNIAN SIDE INTO SOME KIND OF BALANCE. RH: WHEN I HEAR THAT KIND OF LOGIC MY BLOOD RUNS COLD. IT IS PRECISELY THE TYPE OF LOGIC THAT IS UTTERLY OPPOSED TO THE WAY PEOPLE ON THE GROUND THERE THINK. AND EVERYTHING I JUST HEARD MR. HAAS SAY, INSURES TO ME THAT THERE'S GOING TO BE AN ARMS RACE AND A VERY LARGE WAR IN ABOUT THE NEXT TWO YEARS. LOOK AT IT THIS WAY, THE MAIN DISATISFIED PARTY IS THE BOSNIAN MUSLIMS AND THEY ARE EXTREMELY DISATISFIED. AS FAR AS THEY'RE CONCERNED IT SHOULD ALL BE THEIRS AND IT IS THE MUSLIMS WHO HAVE EVERY INCENTIVE TO ATTACK AND IF YOU ARM THEM, THEY WILL DO SO. HAAS: SO YOU HAVE, IF YOU WILL, A GAP WHICH IS POTENTIALLY A DANGEROUS ONE BETWEEN WHAT WAS NEGOTIATED -- THIS SINGLE UNITARY STATE, ONE LEGAL ENTITY, ONE INTERNATIONAL PERSONALITY WHERE PEOPLE CAN MOVE BACK -- AND THE REALITY WHICH IS GOING TO BE MUCH MORE DRIVEN BY PARTITION AND SEPARATION. RH: I THINK MR. HAAS AND I AGREE VERY MUCH ON THIS. I THINK WHERE WE DISAGREE IS ON WHAT'S LIKELY TO HAPPEN. PRECISELY BECAUSE OF THE LOGIC THAT'S BEEN ENUNCIATED WHICH I KEEP HEARING FROM THE STATE DEPARTMENT ABOUT BUILDING A BALANCE OF FORCES. WHAT I SEE HAPPENING IS A PERIOD OF ONE TO TWO YEARS IN WHICH EVERYBODY ARMS LIKE CRAZY AND THEN THE MUSLIMS WILL MOUNT AN OFFENSIVE. AND THEN ALL HELL BREAKS LOSE AGAIN. HAAS: WELL, I THINK IT DEPENDS ON HOW YOU DEFINE SUCCESS. IF YOU DEFINE SUCCESS AS COMING UP WITH A SITUATION WHICH IS CLEARLY LESS BAD THAN THE LAST FOUR YEARS, AND MAY COME UP WITH AN ESSENTIALLY PARTITION-LIKE ARRANGEMENT WHICH WHILE NO ONE MAY BE TERRIBLY HAPPY WITH IT, IS AT LEAST A FUNCTIONAL SITUATION. THERE I THINK YOU'VE AT LEAST GOT A CHANCE OF ARRIVING AT THAT AND I FOR ONE, WHILE IT'S NOT REALLY A JUST PEACE, TO PARAPHRASE THE BOSNIAN PRESIDENT (ALIJA IZETBEGOVIC), IT'S AT LEAST A LOT BETTER THAN CONTINUED WAR. AND I THINK THAT'S WORTH STRIVING FOR. HOST: OK, WELL I THINK THAT'S A GOOD NOTE TO END ON AS WE'VE RUN OUT OF TIME. I'D LIKE TO THANK YOU BOTH VERY MUCH FOR TALKING TO US TODAY. (SIGNED)

    NEB/PAM/PCH
    28-Nov-95 5:21 PM EST (2221 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [07] BOSNIAN STUDENT PROJECT HELPS YOUTH FROM 15 TO 30 BY JUDITH LATHAM (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=11-28-95
    TYPE=CURRENT AFFAIRS FEATURE
    NUMBER=3-23766
    TELEPHONE=619-3464
    EDITOR=KLEINFELDT
    CONTENT= (TAPE CUTS IN AUDIO SERVICES)

    INTRO: FOR THE PAST TWO YEARS, THE BOSNIAN STUDENT PROJECT HAS HELPED BOSNIAN YOUTH COME TO THE UNITED STATES TO STUDY AND COMPLETE THEIR SECONDARY SCHOOL OR COLLEGE

    EDUCATIONS. VOA'S ____ HAS A REPORT.

    TEXT: SINCE WORLD WAR I, AN INTERFAITH, PACIFIST ORGANIZATION CALLED THE FELLOWSHIP OF RECONCILIATION HAS BEEN TRYING TO FIND ALTERNATIVES TO VIOLENCE AND BUILD A MORE JUST AND PEACEFUL WORLD. THAT'S ACCORDING TO DOUG HOSTETTER [HOS-STET-ER], THE FELLOWSHIP'S INTERNATIONAL AND INTERFAITH SECRETARY. HE IS ALSO DIRECTOR OF THE BOSNIAN STUDENT PROJECT, WHICH HAS HELPED BRING 106 BOSNIAN STUDENTS OUT OF THE WAR ZONE AND INTO U.S. SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES. MR. HOSTETTER SAYS ALL THE YOUNG PEOPLE ARE ON FULL-TUITION SCHOLARSHIPS, AND MOST LIVE WITH AMERICAN FAMILIES. MANY ARE OF BOSNIAN MUSLIM OR MIXED ETHNIC BACKGROUND, AND THEY WERE UNABLE TO CONTINUE THEIR EDUCATION BECAUSE THEIR PROFESSORS WERE KILLED DURING THE WAR OR THEIR UNIVERSITY BUILDINGS WERE DESTROYED.

    TAPE: CUT ONE -- HOSTETTER (0:19) "WE TRY TO SELECT THE STUDENTS THAT ARE IN MOST NEED. WE TAKE ONLY TALENTED STUDENTS WHO WILL BE SUCCESSFUL IN THE AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM AND STUDENTS WHO HAVE GOOD ENGLISH. BEYOND THAT, WE TRY TO LOOK FOR STUDENTS WHO WILL BE THE FUTURE LEADERS OF THE COUNTRY, BUT ARE UNABLE TO CONTINUE THEIR EDUCATION IN THEIR CURRENT SITUATION."

    TEXT: MOST OF THE STUDENTS ARE REFUGEES. FOR EXAMPLE, MR. HOSTETTER SAYS, A STUDENT'S FATHER MIGHT HAVE BEEN KILLED IN A CONCENTRATION CAMP OR STILL BE HELD AT SOME UNDISCLOSED LOCATION, WHILE THE MOTHER IS AN UNEMPLOYED REFUGEE SOMEWHERE IN CROATIA. THE ROLE OF THE BOSNIAN STUDENT PROJECT IS TO LOCATE U.S. INSTITUTIONS THAT ARE WILLING TO PROVIDE ACADEMIC SCHOLARSHIPS AND RELIGIOUS COMMUNITIES WHOSE MEMBERS CAN OFFER THE STUDENT ROOM AND BOARD.

    TAPE: CUT TWO -- HOSTETTER (0:24) "MANY OF THE FAMILIES ALSO GET SUPPORT FROM RELIGIOUS CONGREGATIONS, AND VERY OFTEN BOTH MUSLIM, JEWISH, AND CHRISTIAN CONGREGATIONS IN THEIR PARTICULAR AREA. WE ARE AN INTERFAITH ORGANIZATION, BUT THIS IS PROBABLY THE MOST SUCCESSFUL PROGRAM THAT WE HAVE EVER DONE IN THE UNITED STATES WHICH HAS BROUGHT JEWS, CHRISTIANS, AND MUSLIMS TOGETHER TO HELP PEOPLE WHO ARE VICTIMS OF TRAGIC DISCRIMINATION."

    TEXT: DOUG HOSTETTER SAYS THE HOST INSTITUTIONS PARTICIPATING IN THE PROJECT AND THE BOSNIAN STUDENTS ATTENDING SCHOOL THERE HAVE RECIPROCAL RESPONSIBILITIES. HE SAYS THE AMERICAN UNIVERSITY, BY ITS INVOLVEMENT IS MAKING A STATEMENT OF SUPPORT FOR THE PROJECT AND THE STUDENTS, IN TURN, HAVE BASICALLY TWO OBLIGATIONS:

    TAPE: CUT THREE -- HOSTETTER (0:34) "THE STUDENTS HAVE TWO RESPONSIBILITIES WHEN THEY COME TO THE UNITED STATES. THE FIRST IS THEY KNOW THAT THEY ARE HERE TO LEARN THEIR OWN PROFESSION TO RETURN TO HELP TO REBUILD THEIR COUNTRY. BUT WE ALSO ARE VERY CLEAR WITH THEM THAT THEY HAVE A RESPONSIBILITY TO HELP AMERICANS UNDERSTAND THE DANGERS OF RACIAL AND RELIGIOUS AND ETHNIC BIGOTRY AND HATRED, WHAT HAPPENS TO A SOCIETY AND A CULTURE, EVEN A VERY SUCCESSFUL MULTICULTURAL SOCIETY, WHEN THE POLITICS OF HATRED ARE USED BY POLITICIANS. AND, I THINK AMERICANS HAVE A LOT TO LEARN FROM BOSNIA."

    TEXT: AMERICANS FAMILIES, SUCH AS HIS OWN, DOUG HOSTETTER SAYS, ALSO BENEFIT ENORMOUSLY FROM HOSTING THESE BOSNIAN STUDENTS.

    TAPE: CUT FOUR -- HOSTETTER (0:23) "I AM MENNONITE [PROTESTANT], AND MY WIFE IS JEWISH. WE ARE AN INTERFAITH FAMILY TO START WITH, AND WE'VE ADDED TWO BOSNIAN MUSLIMS TO OUR FAMILY. I HAVE TWO BOYS OF MY OWN, A NINE-YEAR OLD AND A THIRTEEN-YEAR OLD, AND IT'S BEEN AN EXCITING EXPERIENCE FOR THEM TO HAVE TWO OLDER BROTHERS, BOTH COLLEGE AGE, MOVE INTO THE FAMILY. AND, IT'S BEEN A WONDERFUL EXPERIENCE FOR ALL OF US."

    TEXT: ONE OF THE BOSNIAN STUDENTS IS DAMIR FAZLIC [DAH-MEER FAHZ-LITCH], WHO'S PURSUING AN M-B-A, OR MASTER'S OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION, AT BUTLER UNIVERSITY IN INDIANA. DAMIR'S FAMILY IS ORIGINALLY FROM KOSAREC [KOH-ZAH-RETS], A BOSNIAN TOWN THAT WAS ETHNICALLY CLEANSED BY THE SERBS IN MAY 1992, AND HIS PARENTS WERE INTERNED AT TRNOPOLJE [TER-NOH-POL-YEH] CONCENTRATION CAMP. AT THAT TIME, DAMIR SAYS, HE WAS A STUDENT AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ZAGREB IN CROATIA. BUT, IN 1993, WHEN THE CONFLICT ERUPTED BETWEEN BOSNIA AND CROATIA, MUSLIM STUDENTS FROM BOSNIA WERE NO LONGER WELCOME AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ZAGREB, SO HE WAS UNABLE TO CONTINUE HIS STUDIES.

    TAPE: CUT FIVE -- FAZLIC (0:25)**PHONER EQ/BRIGHTEN** "WE COULDN'T WORK, WE COULDN'T STAY IN DORMS, WE COULDN'T EAT IN THE CAFETERIA, ALL THOSE THINGS, JUST BECAUSE WE WERE FOREIGN STUDENTS. AND WE FORMED AN ASSOCIATION OF STUDENTS FROM BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. WE MET A LOT OF PEOPLE FROM OTHER COUNTRIES -- FROM AUSTRIA, FROM GERMANY -- AND WE WERE LUCKY TO MEET SOME PEOPLE FROM THE UNITED STATES WHO HELPED US START THE BOSNIAN STUDENT PROJECT."

    TEXT: DAMIR'S YOUNGER BROTHER, WHO GRADUATED FROM AN AMERICAN HIGH SCHOOL IN COLORADO LAST SPRING, IS NOW STUDYING AT A COMMUNITY COLLEGE IN NEW YORK STATE. DAMIR SAYS THE BOSNIAN STUDENT PROJECT HAS CHANGED THEIR LIVES AND OTHERS' AS WELL.

    TAPE: CUT SIX -- FAZLIC (0:16) **PHONER EQ/BRIGHTEN** "I MET A LOT OF PEOPLE WHO HELPED ME, WHO HELPED MY BROTHER, WHO HELPED MY FAMILY, WHO HELPED MY FRIENDS, AND IT GIVES ME HOPE THAT THERE ARE STILL GOOD PEOPLE AND THAT WE CAN MAKE THIS WORLD BETTER."

    TEXT: DAMIR FAZLIC SAYS HE HOPES TO RETURN TO BOSNIA WHEN HE COMPLETES HIS EDUCATION BECAUSE HE WANTS TO HELP IN THE REBUILDING PROCESS. OF THE TENS OF THOUSANDS OF COLLEGE-AGE BOSNIANS WHO WERE DRIVEN FROM THEIR HOMES BY THE WAR, ONLY ABOUT 2,000 HAVE FOUND PLACES AT UNIVERSITIES IN OTHER COUNTRIES. THOUGH THERE'S NO OFFICIAL COUNT OF THE NUMBER IN THE UNITED STATES, THE FIGURE IS ESTIMATED TO RANGE BETWEEN 200 AND 400. OF THAT NUMBER, THE BOSNIAN STUDENT PROJECT HAS HELPED 106 PURSUE AN EDUCATION. 28-Nov-95 3:24 PM EST (2024 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [08] CLINTON / BOSNIA SCENESETTER (S) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)

    DATE=11/27/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-189176
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:
    /// NOT FOR USE AFTER THE PRESIDENT BEGINS SPEAKING AT 8 PM EST
    ///

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON SPEAKS TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE ABOUT AN HOUR FROM NOW TO EXPLAIN HIS REASONS FOR SENDING U-S PEACEKEEPING TROOPS TO BOSNIA. ADMINISTRATION OFFICIALS SAY THE PRESIDENT WILL TRY TO REASSURE SKEPTICS THAT THE MISSION IS IN THE U-S INTEREST AND WILL BE CONDUCTED WITH THE MINIMUM OF RISK. V-O-A WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS.

    TEXT: WHITE HOUSE SPOKESMAN MIKE MCCURRY READ EXERPTS OF THE PRESIDENT'S OVAL OFFICE ADDRESS TO REPORTERS. IN THE SPEECH -- WHICH IS TO RUN JUST OVER 20 MINUTES IN LENGTH, THE PRESIDENT WILL EXPLAIN TO AMERICANS THAT HE IS NOT SENDING U-S TROOPS TO FIGHT A WAR, BUT TO IMPLEMENT A PEACE AGREEMENT. HE WILL ARGUE THAT THE UNITED STATES HAS A RESPONSIBILITY AS LEADER OF NATO TO TAKE PART IN THE MISSION, AND A MORAL OBLIGATION TO HELP END THE SUFFERING IN BOSNIA. MR. CLINTON WILL ACKNOWLEDGE THERE WILL BE CASUALTIES IN THE DEPLOYMENT, BUT WILL SAY THAT RISKS WILL BE KEPT TO A MINIMUM.

    HE WILL SAY THAT IF TROOPS ARE ATTACKED, THEY WILL HAVE THE AUTHORITY TO MEET ANY THREAT WITH DECISIVE FORCE, TO 'FIGHT FIRE WITH FIRE', IN HIS WORDS. THE PRESIDENT WILL TRY TO REASSURE CONGRESSIONAL SKEPTICS THAT THE OPERATION WILL NOT BE OPEN-ENDED, BUT RATHER BE CLEAR AND LIMITED. MR. CLINTON IS ALSO EXPECTED TO REMEMBER THE THREE U-S DIPLOMATS KILLED ON A PEACE MISSION IN A ROAD ACCIDENT IN BOSNIA LAST AUGUST. (SIGNED)

    NEB/DAT/SKH
    27-Nov-95 7:01 PM EST (0001 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [09] CLINTON/ BOSNIA (S&L) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)

    DATE=11/28/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-189242
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: AS THE REPUBLICAN-LED CONGRESS BEGAN HEARINGS TUESDAY ON THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION'S PLANS TO DEPLOY U-S PEACEKEEPING TROOPS IN BOSNIA, THE PRESIDENT CONTINUED HIS EFFORT TO RALLY SUPPORT FOR THE MISSION. BUT AS V-O-A WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS, SOME REPUBLICAN LAWMAKERS ARE NOT BUYING THE PRESIDENT'S ARGUMENT THAT SENDING AMERICAN TROOPS INTO HARMS WAY IN BOSNIA IS IN THE U-S INTEREST.

    TEXT: PRESIDENT CLINTON INVITED BIPARTISAN CONGRESSIONAL LEADERS TO THE WHITE HOUSE TUESDAY TO DISCUSS THE U-S ROLE IN THE NATO-LED PEACE KEEPING MISSION IN BOSNIA.

    BUT AFTER THE HOUR-LONG SESSION, ONE KEY REPUBLICAN -- HOUSE MAJORITY LEADER RICHARD ARMEY -- SAID MR. CLINTON FAILED TO PERSUADE HIM THAT THE OPERATION IS IN THE U-S INTEREST.

    // ARMEY ACT. //

    I AM EXTREMELY SKEPTICAL OF THIS WHOLE OPERATION. I AM NOT AT ALL CONVINCED.

    // END ARMEY ACT. //

    IN ADDITION, CONGRESSMAN ARMEY SAYS, THE PRESIDENT DID NOT EASE HIS CONCERNS ABOUT THE NEED FOR HAVING A CLEAR MEANS OF CONCLUDING THE MISSION, KNOWN AS AN 'EXIT STRATEGY'.

    // ARMEY OPT. ACT. //

    THERE WAS SOME DISCUSSION ABOUT SOMETHING THEY REFERRED TO AS AN EXIT STRATEGY, THAT WOULD ESSENTIALLY RESULT IN SOME BALANCE OF WEAPONRY BETWEEN THE TWO PRINCIPLE FACTIONS IN BOSNIA. I GUESS THAT MIGHT BE AN EXIT STRATEGY. IT DID NOT SOUND LIKE ONE TO ME.

    // END ARMEY OPT. ACT. //

    ALTHOUGH THE PRESIDENT WOULD LIKE A CONGRESSIONAL VOTE OF SUPPORT FOR THE MISSION, THE CONGRESSMAN TOLD MR. CLINTON THAT WOULD BE DIFFICULT, OR 'PROBLEMATIC' IN MR. ARMEY'S WORDS.

    // 2ND ARMEY OPT. ACT. //

    AS I TOLD THE PRESIDENT, IF THEY ARE GETTING THE KINDS OF PHONE CALLS THAT I AM GETTING FROM MY DISTRICTS, THAT GETTING A VOTE ON THIS MATTER WOULD BE LIKE PULLING TEETH FROM THE BACK OF YOUR HEAD. IT WOULD NOT BE A WINNING VOTE.

    // END 2ND ARMEY OPT. ACT. //

    FOR HIS PART, MR. CLINTON DESCRIBED THE MEETING WITH CONGRESSIONAL LEADERS AS 'CONSTRUCTIVE'. HE ACKNOWLEDGED THAT LAWMAKERS STILL HAVE QUESTIONS ABOUT THE BOSNIA MISSION, AND VOWED TO CONTINUE PRESSING HIS CASE.

    // CLINTON OPT. ACT. //

    WE'LL KEEP ANSWERING QUESTIONS AND REASSERTING WHAT IS AT STAKE HERE IN TERMS OF THE VALUES, THE INTERESTS OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, AND THE LEADERSHIP OF OUR COUNTRY AND OUR PARTNERSHIP WITH OUR ALLIES.

    // END CLINTON OPT. ACT. //

    THE PRESIDENT HAS SAID WITH OR WITHOUT CONGRESSIONAL SUPPORT HE WOULD USE HIS AUTHORITY AS COMMANDER IN CHIEF TO DEPLOY TROOPS IN BOSNIA.

    // REST OPT. //

    EARLIER TUESDAY, MR. CLINTON MET WITH HIS FOREIGN POLICY ADVISORS TO REVIEW THE NATO PEACEKEEPING OPERATION.

    MR. CLINTON BEGAN HIS CAMPAIGN FOR PUBLIC SUPPORT FOR THE MISSION WITH A NATIONALLY TELEVISED ADDRESS FROM THE OVAL OFFICE MONDAY NIGHT.

    IN HIS SPEECH, MR. CLINTON SAID U-S PARTICIPATION IN THE OPERATION WOULD HELP END THE SUFFERING OF THE BOSNIAN PEOPLE, BRING STABILITY TO CENTRAL EUROPE -- A REGION HE SAID IS OF VITAL IMPORTANCE TO THE UNITED STATES -- AND REAFFIRM U-S LEADERSHIP.

    WHITE HOUSE SPOKESMAN MIKE MCCURRY SAYS AFTER THE ADDRESS, MR. CLINTON DISCUSSED THE NATO MISSION IN SEPARATE PHONE CALLS WITH FORMER PRESIDENT GEORGE BUSH AND THE RETIRED CHAIRMAN OF THE JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF GENERAL COLIN POWELL, THE NATION'S TOP MILITARY OFFICER DURING THE PERSIAN GULF WAR. (SIGNED)

    NEB/DAT/BD/LWM
    28-Nov-95 6:39 PM EST (2339 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [10] CLINTON / BOSNIA -- MIAMEI REACT (S ONLY) BY JIM TEEPLE (MIAMI)

    DATE=11/28/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-189213
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON'S OVAL OFFICE SPEECH ON BOSNIA MONDAY NIGHT WAS GREETED WITH CAUTIOUS SUPPORT IN MIAMI, FLORIDA. VOA'S JIM TEEPLE REPORTS FROM OUR SOUTHEAST NEWS BUREAU.

    TEXT: PRESIDENT CLINTON'S SPEECH RECEIVED AN ENDORSEMENT FROM THE MIAMI HERALD NEWSPAPER. AN EDITORIAL IN THE PAPER ON TUESDAY SAYS THE PRESIDENT IS RIGHT ABOUT THE NEED. HE'S RIGHT ABOUT THE BASIC AMERICAN PRINCIPLES AT ISSUE. HE'S RIGHT NOT TO DUCK U-S RESPONSIBILITY AT THIS DEFINING MOMENT IN EUROPE'S POST-COLD WAR HISTORY -- NOT TO SAY HIS PRESIDENCY.

    SOUTH FLORIDA'S OTHER MAJOR DAILY NEWSPAPER, THE FT. LAURDERDALE SUN SENTINEL DID NOT OFFER EDITORIAL COMMENT ON THE PRESIDENT'S SPEECH TUESDAY. NEITHER DID THE MIAMI TIMES, A DAILY NEWSPAPER SERVING MIAMI'S AFRICAN-AMERICAN COMMUNITY.

    AT THE MIAMI BEACH CHAPTER OF THE VETERANS OF FOREIGN WARS, A NATIONWIDE ASSOCIATION OF VETERANS, MARK SMITH A VIETNAM VETERAN OFFERED A CAUTIOUS ENDORSEMENT OF THE PRESIDENT'S POLICY.

    // SMITH ACTUALITY //

    THERE HAS TO BE A CLEAR OBJECTIVE, NUMBER ONE. THERE HAS TO BE A PULLOUT DATE, NUMBER TWO. BUT IT IS TIME TO END THE CONFLICT.

    // END ACTUALITY //

    THOSE SENTIMENTS ARE SHARED BY THE EDITORIAL WRITERS OF THE MIAMI HERALD WHO WRITE ONLY AMERICA HAS THE ARMED MIGHT AND GOEPOLITICAL INFLUENCE TO MAKE THE BOSNIAN PEACE AGREEMENT WORK. (SIGNED)

    NEB/JLT/CF
    28-Nov-95 11:09 AM EST (1609 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [11] CLINTON / SERB REACT (L) BY WAYNE COREY (VIENNA)

    DATE=11/28/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-189205
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE BOSNIAN SERB LEADER, RADOVAN KARADZIC, SAYS HE COMPLETELY ACCEPTS THE NEW PEACE PLAN FOR BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. HE SAYS THE SERBS WILL WELCOME AMERICAN AND OTHER NATO TROOPS TO BOSNIA IF THEY ARE FRIENDLY AND IMPARTIAL. V-O-A'S CENTRAL EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENT, WAYNE COREY, REPORTS.

    TEXT: SWITCHING FROM EARLIER HOSTILE RHETORIC, THE BOSNIAN SERB LEADER NOW SAYS HE FULLY BACKS THE BOSNIAN PEACE AGREEMENT, INITIALED LAST WEEK IN THE UNITED STATES.

    INTERVIEWED BY THE C-N-N TELEVISION NETWORK, MR. KARADZIC SAYS NATO TROOPS, WHO WILL ENFORCE THE PEACE AGREEMENT, WILL GET A FRIENDLY RECEPTION FROM THE SERBS -- IF THE FOREIGN SOLDIERS ARE FRIENDLY AND IMPARTIAL.

    HE SAYS SERB FORCES ARE UNDER CONTROL AND THERE SHOULD BE NO PROBLEMS. HE CAUTIONS, THOUGH, THAT NATO FORCES SHOULD NOT HUMILIATE THE SERB PEOPLE.

    MR. KARADZIC NO LONGER DEMANDS THE RE-NEGOTIATION OF THE PEACE AGREEMENT'S PROVISION FOR SARAJEVO TO BE A UNITED CITY UNDER BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT CONTROL. INSTEAD, HE SAYS HE HOPES THE PLANS FOR SARAJEVO'S FUTURE WILL BE RECONSIDERED. HE SAYS SERBS IN SERB-HELD SUBURBS ARE TERRIFIED ABOUT WHAT WILL HAPPEN TO THEM.

    THE BOSNIAN SERB LEADER'S MORE POSITIVE REMARKS FOLLOW PRESIDENT CLINTON'S SPEECH TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, OUTLINING WHY U-S TROOPS MUST BE PART OF THE NATO PEACE ENFORCEMENT MISSION IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA.

    A FEW DAYS AGO, MR. KARADZIC SAID THE BOSNIAN PEACE AGREEMENT MUST CLARIFY THE NATO ROLE. HE RAISED A QUESTION THEN OF WHETHER THE SERBS WOULD ALLOW NATO TROOPS TO OPERATE IN THEIR TERRITORY AND HE WARNED OF A POSSIBLE BLOODBATH. NOW, THE SERB LEADER CLEARLY WANTS TO AVOID GIVING THE IMPRESSION, FOR THE TIME BEING ANYWAY, THAT HE HOPES TO DELAY OR EVEN PREVENT THE DEPLOYMENT OF 60-THOUSAND NATO TROOPS IN BOSNIA.

    ADVANCE TEAMS OF THE 20-THOUSAND AMERICAN TROOPS, TO BE DEPLOYED IN NORTHERN BOSNIA, WILL SOON BEGIN TO ARRIVE IN THE GOVERNMENT-HELD TOWN OF TUZLA. THE AMERICANS WILL BE BASED IN THE TOWN AND AT THE NEARBY AIRPORT. (SIGNED)

    NEB/WC/JWH/BG
    28-Nov-95 9:59 AM EST (1459 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [12] CLINTON / BOSNIA SPEECH (L) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)

    DATE=11/27/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-189179
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:
    /// THIS CAN ALSO BE CUT TO BE USED AS AN ALTERNATE SHORT THROUGHOUT THE NIGHT ///

    INTRO: IN AN ADDRESS TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE MONDAY NIGHT, PRESIDENT CLINTON EXPLAINED HIS REASONS FOR COMMITTING TROOPS TO BOSNIA. ON TUESDAY, HE MEETS WITH CONGRESSIONAL LEADERS TO DISCUSS HIS PLANS TO SEND 20-THOUSAND U-S PEACEKEEPING TROOPS TO THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC. LAWMAKERS HAVE BEEN SKEPTICAL ABOUT THE MISSION, BUT THEY SAID THEY WOULD HEAR THE PRESIDENT'S POSITION. V-O-A WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS.

    TEXT: FACED WITH A CONGRESS AND AN AMERICAN PUBLIC QUESTIONING WHY HE WANTS TO SEND U-S TROOPS INTO HARM'S WAY IN BOSNIA, PRESIDENT CLINTON EXPLAINED THAT THE MISSION IS NOT ABOUT FIGHTING A WAR BUT ABOUT HELPING BOSNIANS SECURE A PEACE. WHILE HE ARGUED THAT THE UNITED STATES CANNOT BE THE WORLD'S POLICEMAN, MR. CLINTON SAID THERE ARE POLITICAL, DIPLOMATIC AND HUMANITARIAN REASONS FOR IT TO BE INVOLVED IN BOSNIA.

    // CLINTON ACT //

    IN FULFILLING THIS MISSION, WE WILL HAVE THE CHANCE TO HELP STOP THE KILLING OF INNOCENT CIVILIANS, AND ESPECIALLY CHILDREN, AND AT THE SAME TIME, BRING STABILITY TO CENTRAL EUROPE, A REGION OF THE WORLD THAT IS VITAL TO OUR NATIONAL INTERESTS.

    // END ACT //

    THE PRESIDENT SAID AMERICAN LEADERSHIP IS ALSO AT STAKE. HE SAID AS LEADER OF NATO, THE UNITED STATES MUST PLAY AN ESSENTIAL PART IN THE ALLIANCE-LED OPERATION. IN A 20-MINUTE OVAL OFFICE SPEECH, CARRIED BY ALL THE AMERICAN TELEVISION NETWORKS, MR. CLINTON TRIED TO REASSURE SKEPTICS THAT THE PEACE-KEEPING MISSION WILL BE CLEAR, LIMITED AND ACHIEVABLE.

    HE WARNED THAT THE DEPLOYMENT MAY INVOLVE U-S CASUALTIES, BUT HE SAID HE WOULD TAKE EVERY MEASURE POSSIBLE TO MINIMIZE THE RISKS. THE PRESIDENT SAID IF TROOPS ARE ATTACKED, THEY WILL HAVE THE AUTHORITY TO RESPOND WITH OVERWHELMING FORCE.

    // 2ND CLINTON ACT //

    ANYONE WHO TAKES ON OUR TROOPS WILL SUFFER THE CONSEQUENCES. WE WILL FIGHT FIRE WITH FIRE -- AND THEN SOME.

    // END ACT //

    MR. CLINTON CONCLUDED HIS SPEECH BY APPEALING TO AMERICANS AND CONGRESS TO SUPPORT HIM, SAYING IT IS A CHOICE BETWEEN PEACE AND WAR, AND THAT AMERICA MUST CHOOSE PEACE. THE PRESIDENT HAS SAID PREVIOUSLY HE WOULD ACT WITH OR WITHOUT CONGRESSIONAL SUPPORT, SAYING HE WOULD USE HIS AUTHORITY AS COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF TO DEPLOY TROOPS TO BOSNIA. BUT MR. CLINTON WOULD LIKE AN EXPRESSION OF SUPPORT FROM THEM FOR POLITICAL COVER, IN THE EVENT THE MISSION GOES AWRY AND CASUALTIES MOUNT. THE PRESIDENT MAKES A PERSONAL APPEAL TO CONGRESSIONAL LEADERS TUESDAY MORNING. (SIGNED)

    NEB/DAT/SKH
    27-Nov-95 9:45 PM EST (0245 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [13] CONGRESS / CLINTON / BOSNIA (L) BY DAVID SWAN (SENATE)

    DATE=11/27/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-189180
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: REPUBLICANS IN CONGRESS SAY PRESIDENT CLINTON'S SPEECH ON BOSNIA DID NOT ANSWER SOME VITAL QUESTIONS ABOUT THE USE OF AMERICAN TROOPS AS PEACEKEEPERS. V-O-A'S DAVID SWAN REPORTS LAWMAKERS WILL DISCUSS THE MISSION WITH THE PRESIDENT TUESDAY AND DEBATE THE IDEA INTENSIVELY IN THE COMING WEEKS.

    TEXT: WHILE PRAISING MR. CLINTON'S SPEECH IN GENERAL TERMS, A NUMBER OF REPUBLICANS REMAIN SKEPTICAL ABOUT U-S AND NATO PEACEKEEPING IN BOSNIA. SENATOR JOHN MCCAIN SAYS HE WANTS TO HEAR MORE DETAILS ABOUT THE GOALS OF THE MISSION -- AND ESPECIALLY ABOUT THE ALLIES' PLAN FOR GETTING THEIR FORCES OUT.

    // MCCAIN ACT //

    AND HE ALSO HAS TO CONVINCE THE AMERICAN PEOPLE THAT OUR VITAL NATIONAL SECURITY INTERESTS ARE TRULY THREATENED IN BOSNIA. HE HAS NOT MADE THAT CASE YET.

    // END ACT //

    SOME LAWMAKERS ARGUE THE UNITED STATES SHOULD NOT BE CALLED ON TO COMMIT GROUND TROOPS SINCE MANY AMERICAN AIRCRAFT AND SHIPS ARE ALREADY DEPLOYED. SENATE MAJORITY LEADER BOB DOLE SAYS EVEN IF PEACEKEEPERS ARE SENT, THE ALLIES MUST FIND A WAY TO ARM AND TRAIN THE BOSNIAN MUSLIMS.

    // DOLE ACT //

    IF WE'RE GOING TO DEPART THERE IN SIX MONTHS OR A YEAR THEY (THE BOSNIANS) HAVE GOT TO BE ABLE TO DEFEND THEMSELVES. AND WE CAN'T HAVE THIS SO-CALLED BUILD-DOWN WITH THE SERBS STILL IN A STRONGER POSITION THAN THE CROATS AND THE MUSLIMS COMBINED.

    // END ACT //

    THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES HAS VOTED TO BLOCK FUNDING FOR THE OPERATION UNLESS CONGRESS SPECIFICALLY APPROVES. THE MEASURE HAS NOT YET REACHED THE SENATE. WHILE REPUBLICAN LEADERS ARE WARY OF U-S INVOLVEMENT IN BOSNIA, THEY SAY IT IS ALSO RISKY TO CHALLENGE THE PRESIDENT'S AUTHORITY IN SUCH MATTERS. MR. DOLE SAYS IF HE MAKES A CONVINCING CASE FOR THE MISSION THE PRESIDENT SHOULD HAVE CONGRESSIONAL SUPPORT. (SIGNED)

    NEB/DS/SKH
    27-Nov-95 10:08 PM EST (0308 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [14] CONGRESS / BOSNIA REACT (L-ONLY) BY DAVID SWAN (SENATE)

    DATE=11/28/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-189222
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: OPINION POLLS SHOW THE AMERICAN PUBLIC REMAINS SHARPLY DIVIDED ABOUT PRESIDENT CLINTON'S PLAN TO SEND PEACEKEEPING TROOPS TO BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. AND, AS V-O-A'S DAVID SWAN REPORTS, SENTIMENT IN CONGRESS IS ALSO SPLIT.

    TEXT: THE PRESIDENT PICKED UP SUPPORT FROM AT LEAST ONE REPUBLICAN -- BRENT SCOWCROFT, WHO WAS PRESIDENT BUSH'S NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISOR WHEN THE BALKAN CRISIS BEGAN. AT A SENATE ARMED SERVICES COMMITTEE HEARING, MR. SCOWCROFT SAID THE COUNTRY CAN NOT AFFORD TO BACK OUT OF THIS MISSION, ALTHOUGH IT WILL BE DANGEROUS.

    // SCOWCROFT ACT //

    BUT RISKY AS I THINK THE SITUATION IS FOR U-S TROOPS, THE ALTERNATIVE IN MY JUDGMENT IS A CLEAR DISASTER. I BELIEVE WE ARE COMMITTED.

    // END ACT //

    STILL, MANY LAWMAKERS SAY THEY ARE NOT CONVINCED THE NATION HAS VITAL INTERESTS THAT ARE AT STAKE. SENATOR JOHN WARNER, THE SECOND-RANKING REPUBLICAN ON THE ARMED SERVICES PANEL, SAYS DEPLOYING 20-THOUSAND TROOPS WITH HEAVY WEAPONS WOULD BADLY STRAIN THE PENTAGON'S RESOURCES. HE ARGUES THIS COULD PUT OTHER PARTS OF THE WORLD IN DANGER.

    // WARNER ACT //

    THIS WEAKENS OUR ABILITY TO RESPOND IN OTHER MEASURES OF NATIONAL SECURITY, LIKE ASIA, FOR EXAMPLE IN SOUTH KOREA. IN OTHER WORDS IF WE MAKE (DEPLOY) THIS HEAVY EQUIPMENT, WE PUT OURSELVES AT RISK ELSEWHERE.

    // END ACT //

    MR. WARNER PREDICTS CONGRESS WILL PLACE CONDITIONS ON THE DEPLOYMENT. BUT, AT LEAST FOR THE MOMENT, THERE IS LITTLE TALK ABOUT TRYING TO STOP THE OPERATION BY CUTTING OFF MONEY. SENATE MINORITY LEADER TOM DASCHLE SAYS BOTH PARTIES ARE LIKELY TO SUPPORT THE PRESIDENT IN THE LONG RUN.

    // DASCHLE ACT //

    I THINK REPUBLICANS, LIKE DEMOCRATS, WANT TO CONSIDER THE PROPOSAL. I THINK THEY ARE INCLINED TO BE AS SUPPORTIVE AS THEY CAN BE GIVEN THE CIRCUMSTANCES. THEY RECOGNIZE THE COMMANDER IN CHIEF HAS TO MAKE SOME DIFFICULT DECISIONS HERE AND I THINK PERSONALLY THE MOMENTUM IS NOW IN THE PRESIDENT'S FAVOR.

    // END ACT //

    THE HOUSE AND SENATE ARE EXPECTED TO HOLD FURTHER HEARINGS IN THE NEXT SEVERAL DAYS, AND VOTE ON A RESOLUTION OF SUPPORT BY THE END OF DECEMBER. (SIGNED)

    NEB/DS/JM
    28-Nov-95 1:26 PM EST (1826 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [15] GERMANY/BOSNIA (L) BY KYLE KING ( BONN )

    DATE=11/28/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-189220
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: GERMAN CHANCELLOR HELMUT KOHL'S CABINET HAS APPROVED HIS PLANS TO CONTRIBUTE FOUR-THOUSAND TROOPS TO THE NATO FORCE BEING FORMED FOR PEACEKEEPING DUTIES IN BOSNIA. THE DEPLOYMENT, WHICH IS EXPECTED TO BE APPROVED BY PARLIAMENT NEXT WEEK, HAS IN MANY WAYS BEEN A WRENCHING DECISION. FROM BONN, VOA'S KYLE KING REPORTS.

    TEXT: MOST OF THE FOUR THOUSAND TROOPS GERMANY EXPECTS TO CONTRIBUTE TO THE NATO PEACEKEEPING FORCE WILL BE FROM LOGISTICS, TRANSPORT AND MEDICAL UNITS. BUT THE DECISION TO ALLOW THEM TO SERVE IN THE BALKANS MARKS THE COUNTRY'S MOST SIGNIFICANT STEP TO DATE TO SHED ITS POST- WORLD WAR TWO RELUCTANCE TO INTERVENE IN GLOBAL TROUBLE SPOTS. IT WILL BE FIRST TIME MODERN GERMANY HAS ALLOWED SO MANY OF ITS TROOPS TO BE STATIONED OUTSIDE NATO TERRITORY AND WILL BRING THEM FACE TO FACE WITH THE MEMORIES OF WARTIME NAZI ATROCITIES IN THE BALKANS. MOST OF THE TROOPS WILL BE BASED IN CROATIA, BUT SOME WILL SERVE INSIDE BOSNIA ITSELF, WHERE MANY SERBS STILL HARBOR DEEP FEELINGS OF HATRED FOR THE TREATMENT THEY SUFFERED AT THE HANDS OF THE NAZIS. DESPITE THE HISTORICAL DIFFICULTIES POSED BY THE NATO MISSION, GERMAN OFFICIALS DECIDED THEY COULD NOT BE LEFT ON THE SIDELINES OF A WESTERN ALLIANCE DECISION TO DEPLOY 60-THOUSAND TROOPS IN BOSNIA. THE RESOLUTION APPROVED BY THE GERMAN CABINET SAYS NATO DEPENDS ON AN APPROPRIATE GERMAN CONTRIBUTION TO ENSURE THE SUCCESSFUL EXECUTION OF ITS MISSION. OFFICIALS SAY THEY EXPECT THE FIRST CONTINGENT OF ABOUT 180 GERMAN OFFICERS TO BE SENT TO THE HEADQUARTERS OF NATO'S RAPID REACTION FORCE WITHIN DAYS OF NEXT WEEK'S VOTE IN PARLIAMENT. THE REST OF THE GERMAN CONTINGENT COULD DEPART AROUND DECEMBER 25TH, AFTER THE PEACE TREATY FOR BOSNIA HERZEGOVINA IS SIGNED AND A MANDATE FOR THE OPERATION IS APPROVED BY THE UNITED NATIONS AND NATO. IN A VICTORY FOR CHANCELLOR KOHL, THE OPPOSITION SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY HAS EXPRESSED SUPPORT FOR OVERALL GERMAN PARTICIPATION IN THE NATO MISSION. BUT IN A SEPARATE RESOLUTION, THE PARTY SAID IT WAS STILL OPPOSED TO THE DEPLOYMENT OF GERMAN TORNADO FIGHTER JETS, WHICH HAVE BEEN BASED IN ITALY UNDER NATO COMMAND SINCE FOR THE PAST FEW MONTHS. FOR THE OPPOSITION GREENS PARTY, THE DEBATE OVER NATO PARTICIPATION HAS TOUCHED OFF A SHARP SPLIT BETWEEN THOSE WHO SUPPORT THE MISSION AND PACIFIST ELEMENTS WHO OPPOSE IT. IN AN OPEN LETTER THIS WEEK, GREENS PARLIAMENTARY LEADER JOSCHKA FISCHER ACCUSED OPPONENTS OF THE DEPLOYMENT OF STICKING THEIR HEADS IN THE SAND BY FAILING TO ACT TO PREVENT THE KILLING IN BOSNIA. (SIGNED)

    NEB/KK/MH/GPT
    28-Nov-95 1:11 PM EST (1811 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [16] GOP CANDIDATES / BOSNIA (L ONLY) BY JIM MALONE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=11/28/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-189230
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: REPUBLICAN PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES ARE DIVIDED OVER THE QUESTION OF SENDING U-S TROOPS INTO BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA AS PEACEKEEPERS. V-O-A POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT JIM MALONE REPORTS THAT SEVERAL OF THE REPUBLICAN PRESIDENTIAL CONTENDERS AIRED THEIR VIEWS ON BOSNIA TUESDAY BEFORE A GROUP MEETING HERE IN WASHINGTON.

    TEXT: SEVEN OF THE NINE REPUBLICAN PRESIDENTIAL HOPEFULS SPOKE TO THE NATIONAL JEWISH COALITION. THE ONLY CANDIDATE WHO OPENLY SUPPORTS THE PRESIDENT'S DECISION TO SEND IN U-S TROOPS IS INDIANA SENATOR DICK LUGAR.

    THE FRONTRUNNER IN THE REPUBLICAN FIELD, SENATE MAJORITY LEADER BOB DOLE, SAYS THE PRESIDENT TOOK AN IMPORTANT FIRST STEP TOWARD GAINING CONGRESSIONAL SUPPORT WITH HIS NATIONWIDE ADDRESS ON MONDAY.

    /// DOLE ACT. ///

    I WANT TO SUPPORT THE PRESIDENT IF I CAN. WE HAVE ONE PRESIDENT AT A TIME IN THIS COUNTRY. HE IS THE COMMANDER IN CHIEF AND IF WE CAN FIND A WAY TO DO IT, WE ARE WORKING ON IT, EVEN THOUGH THE AMERICAN PEOPLE MAY NOT AGREE AND I AM CERTAIN THAT SOME OF MY OPPONENTS ON THE REPUBLICAN SIDE WILL HAVE A FIELD DAY.

    /// END ACT. ///

    SENATOR DOLE FINDS HIMSELF IN A BIT OF A QUANDARY. HE HAS LONG BEEN THE LEADING CONGRESSIONAL PROPONENT OF ENDING THE INTERNATIONAL ARMS EMBARGO AGAINST BOSNIA AND ARMING THE BOSNIAN MUSLIMS. SENATOR DOLE TAKES PRIDE IN LEADING BIPARTISAN SUPPORT FOR AMERICAN TROOPS PLACED IN HOSTILE SITUATIONS OVERSEAS, AS HE DID DURING THE PERSIAN GULF WAR. BUT HE ALSO KNOWS HIS REPUBLICAN OPPONENTS WILL HAMMER HIM IF THE BOSNIA MISSION RESULTS IN AMERICAN TROOPS COMING HOME IN BODY BAGS.

    SOME OF SENATOR DOLE'S RIVALS FOR THE REPUBLICAN PRESIDENTIAL NOMINATION ARE ALREADY WARNING THAT THEY WILL MAKE HIS SUPPORT FOR THE BOSNIAN MISSION A BIG CAMPAIGN ISSUE. THIS IS TEXAS SENATOR PHIL GRAMM.

    /// GRAMM ACT. ///

    THE PRESIDENT HAS HAD THREE YEARS TO CONVINCE THE AMERICAN PEOPLE THAT WE HAVE A VITAL NATIONAL INTEREST IN BOSNIA. HE HAS HAD THREE YEARS TO CONVINCE THE AMERICAN PEOPLE THAT OUR INTERVENTION IN BOSNIA CAN BE DECISIVE IN PROMOTING THOSE INTERESTS. AND FOR THREE YEARS, INCLUDING LAST NIGHT, I BELIEVE THE PRESIDENT HAS FAILED TO MAKE HIS CASE.

    /// END ACT. ///

    MOST OF THE OTHER CANDIDATES ALSO OPPOSE U-S TROOPS GOING TO BOSNIA. COMMENTATOR PAT BUCHANAN DID NOT APPEAR BEFORE THE JEWISH COALITION BECAUSE OF A SCHEDULING CONFLICT. BUT HE TOLD REPORTERS IN WASHINGTON EARLIER THAT THE INTERVENTION IS NOT IN U-S INTERESTS.

    /// OPT ///

    MR. BUCHANAN ALSO FAVORS THE EVENTUAL WITHDRAWAL OF ALL AMERICAN TROOPS NOW STATIONED IN EUROPE.

    /// BUCHANAN ACT. ///

    AND WE HAVE GOT TO CONFRONT THE IDEA THAT THEY (EUROPEANS) HAVE GOT TO TAKE MORE OF THE RESPONSIBILITY FOR RAISING THE TROOPS, PROVIDING THE WEAPONS AND PLANES AND GUNS FOR THEIR OWN DEFENSE. I MEAN, WE ARE NOT ROMANS (AS IN THE EMPIRE). WE ARE NOT GOING TO BE THERE 400 YEARS AND I THINK WE HAVE GOT TO FIGURE OUT WHEN AND HOW AMERICAN GROUND TROOPS ARE BROUGHT BACK TO THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

    /// END ACT. /// /// END OPT ///

    AMONG THE OTHER CANDIDATES, LAMAR ALEXANDER, STEVE FORBES, CONGRESSMAN BOB DORNAN, ALAN KEYES, AND MORRY TAYLOR ALL OPPOSE SENDING U-S TROOPS TO BOSNIA. SO FAR, THE REPUBLICAN PRESIDENTIAL RACE HAS FOCUSED LARGELY ON DOMESTIC ISSUES BUT THE LOOMING U-S MILITARY INVOLVEMENT IN BOSNIA IS PROVIDING THE CANDIDATES WITH THEIR FIRST REAL OPPORTUNITY TO DEBATE FOREIGN POLICY. (SIGNED)

    NEB/JM/BG
    28-Nov-95 3:57 PM EST (2057 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [17] PERRY / U.S. TROOPS (S ONLY) BY DAVID GOLLUST (BRUSSELS)

    DATE=11/28/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-189194
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    // EDITORS: MAY BE ALTERNATE TO U-S / RUSSIA BOSNIA //

    INTRO: U-S DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY SAYS THE FIRST CONTINGENT OF AMERICAN TROOPS COULD BE ON ITS WAY TO BOSNIA WITHIN A WEEK TO LAY GROUNDWORK FOR THE NATO-LED PEACE IMPLEMENTATION FORCE. MR. PERRY IS IN BRUSSELS TO MAKE FINAL PLANS FOR THE 60-THOUSAND TROOP PEACEKEEPING FORCE WITH HIS COLLEAGUES FROM NATO AND RUSSIA. VOA'S DAVID GOLLUST REPORTS FROM NATO HEADQUARTERS.

    TEXT: MR. PERRY SAYS AS MANY AS 700 AMERICANS WILL BE AMONG AN ADVANCE PARTY OF NATO TROOPS THAT WILL BE SENT INTO BOSNIA WITHIN THE NEXT WEEK TO LAY GROUNDWORK FOR THE ARRIVAL OF THE MAIN FORCE AND OPEN POLITICAL CONTACTS WITH THE PARTIES TO THE CONFLICT. MR. PERRY, WHO SPOKE TO REPORTERS ACCOMPANYING HIM TO THE NATO DEFENSE MINISTERS MEETING, SAID THE SO-CALLED ENABLING FORCE -- OF ABOUT 15-HUNDRED TROOPS OVERALL -- WILL BE DEPLOYED NO LATER THAT TWO WEEKS BEFORE THE EXPECTED SIGNING OF THE BALKANS PEACE ACCORD IN PARIS IN PARIS IN MID-DECEMBER.

    THE DEFENSE SECRETARY ALSO SAID AMERICAN TROOPS NOW TRAINING IN GERMANY WILL FORM THE NUCLEUS OF A MULTINATIONAL DIVISION IN BOSNIA THAT IS ALSO LIKELY TO INCLUDE SOLDIERS FROM SCANDINAVIA, THE BALTIC STATES, POLAND, TURKEY AND RUSSIA.

    MR. PERRY AND RUSSIAN DEFENSE MINISTER PAVEL GRACHEV ARE HOLDING TALKS AT THE U-S MISSION HERE TO TRY TO RESOLVE THE REMAINING OBSTACLE TO RUSSIAN PARTICIPATION -- THE QUESTION OF WHAT ROLE MOSCOW WILL HAVE IN POLITICAL DECISIONS CONCERNING THE PEACEKEEPING OPERATION. U-S OFFICIALS RULE OUT A VETO FOR RUSSIA ON KEY ISSUES, BUT SAY MOSCOW SHOULD HAVE SOME INPUT WITH NATO'S POLICY-SETTING ATLANTIC COUNCIL. (SIGNED)

    NEB/DAG/CF
    28-Nov-95 8:31 AM EST (1331 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [18] RUSSIA / BOSNIA / L BY DAVID GOLLUST (BRUSSELS)

    DATE=11/28/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-189189
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: NATO DEFENSE MINISTERS ARE MEETING IN BRUSSELS TO PUT THE FINISHING TOUCHES ON PLANS TO DEPLOY A 60 THOUSAND-MEMBER PEACE IMPLEMENTATION FORCE IN BOSNIA. AND, ON THE SIDELINES, U-S DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY AND HIS RUSSIAN COUNTERPART PAVEL GRACHEV ARE TRYING TO CLEAR AWAY THE LAST REMAINING OBSTACLE TO RUSSIAN PARTICIPATION. V-O-A'S DAVID GOLLUST HAS DETAILS FROM NATO HEADQUARTERS.

    TEXT: THE U-S AND RUSSIAN DEFENSE CHIEFS ARE HOLDING THEIR FOURTH MEETING SINCE EARLY OCTOBER -- THIS TIME, IN AN EFFORT TO SETTLE A LINGERING DISPUTE OVER WHAT ROLE MOSCOW WILL HAVE IN POLITICAL DECISION-MAKING FOR THE BOSNIAN FORCE.

    U-S OFFICIALS SAY MOSCOW WILL BE GIVEN NO VETO POWER IN DECIDING HOW THE NATO-LED FORCE WILL OPERATE.

    BUT MR. PERRY SAYS HE AND HIS RUSSIAN COUNTERPART WILL DISCUSS SEVERAL WAYS IN WHICH MOSCOW WOULD BE ABLE TO HAVE ITS VIEWS HEARD BY NATO'S POLICY-MAKING NORTH ATLANTIC COUNCIL.

    HE SAYS THIS MIGHT INCLUDE AN ADVISORY ROLE ON THE COUNCIL BY SENIOR RUSSIAN DIPLOMAT VITALY CHURKIN -- MOSCOW'S AMBASSADOR TO BELGIUM AND NATO.

    RUSSIA IS EXPECTED TO CONTRIBUTE ABOUT TWO THOUSAND COMBAT AND ENGINEERING TROOPS TO A U-S / LED MULTINATIONAL DIVISION IN BOSNIA -- HEADED BY AN AMERICAN GENERAL -- THAT WILL ALSO INCLUDE TROOPS FROM SCANDINAVIA, THE BALTIC STATES, POLAND AND TURKEY.

    THE UNITED STATES WILL BE THE LARGEST SINGLE CONTRIBUTOR TO THE IMPLEMENTATION FORCE, WITH 20 THOUSAND TROOPS COMMITTED. BRITAIN IS EXPECTED TO SEND AS MANY AS 14 THOUSAND AND FRANCE ABOUT NINE THOUSAND.

    MR. PERRY SAYS THE FIRST COMBAT UNITS WILL BE DEPLOYED IN BOSNIA SHORTLY AFTER THE EXPECTED SIGNING OF THE BALKANS PEACE ACCORD IN PARIS NEXT MONTH.

    HE ALSO SAYS AN ENABLING FORCE OF LOGISTICS EXPERTS -- INCLUDING AS MANY AS 700 AMERICANS -- WILL BE ON ITS WAY TO BOSNIA AND CROATIA WITHIN A FEW DAYS TO LAY GROUNDWORK FOR THE ARRIVAL OF THE MAIN FORCE AND TO OPEN DIRECT CONTACTS WITH THE BOSNIAN PARTIES.

    THE U-S DEFENSE SECRETARY CONTINUES WORK ON BOSNIAN PEACEKEEPING PLANS WITH HIS NATO COLLEAGUES HERE WEDNESDAY, BEFORE RETURNING TO WASHINGTON.

    HE IS TO RETURN NEXT WEEK FOR AN UNUSUAL JOINT SESSION OF ALLIANCE DEFENSE AND FOREIGN MINISTERS THAT WILL GIVE FINAL APPROVAL TO PLANS FOR NATO'S BIGGEST MILITARY OPERATION EVER. (SIGNED)

    NEB / DAG / WOD
    28-Nov-95 6:04 AM EST (1104 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America
    .


    [19] U-S / RUSSIA BOSNIA (L-UPDATE) BY DAVID GOLLUST (BRUSSELS)

    DATE=11/28/95
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-189231
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    /// WRITETHRU ///

    INTRO: U-S DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM PERRY AND HIS RUSSIAN COUNTERPART PAVEL GRACHEV HAVE REACHED AN ACCORD CLEARING THE WAY FOR RUSSIAN INVOLVEMENT IN BOSNIAN PEACEKEEPING. THE DEAL IN BRUSSELS CAME AS NATO DEFENSE MINISTERS PUT FINAL TOUCHES ON THEIR PLAN FOR A 60-THOUSAND MEMBER PEACE IMPLEMENTATION FORCE. V-O-A'S DAVID GOLLUST HAS A REPORT FROM NATO HEADQAURTERS.

    TEXT: THE ACCORD SETS UP A FORMAL MECHANISM UNDER WHICH MOSCOW WILL HAVE ITS SAY -- BUT NO VETO -- IN POLITICAL DECISIONS ON THE PEACE FORCE CREATED BY NATO'S POLICY-MAKING NORTH ATLANTIC COUNCIL.

    DEFENSE SECRETARY PERRY AND GENERAL GRACHEV ANNOUNCED THE ACCORD AFTER TALKS AT NATO HEADQUARTERS, THEIR FOURTH MEETING IN SIX WEEKS ON THE DIFFICULT PEACEKEEPING ISSUE.

    THE RUSSIAN DEFENSE CHIEF SAID THE ARRANGEMENT, STILL TO BE APPROVED BY THE NATO COUNCIL AND RUSSIAN GOVERNMENT, WILL ALLOW MOSCOW TO EXPRESS ITS VIEWS AND CONCERNS AT ANY TIME -- AND THE NATO COUNCIL COMMITS ITSELF TO TAKE THOSE VIEWS FULLY INTO ACCOUNT BEFORE IT MAKES ANY DECISION.

    MR. PERRY STRESSED THAT THE NORTH ATLANTIC COUNCIL OR "NAC" WILL HAVE THE FINAL SAY ON ALL MATTERS, BUT THAT MOSCOW WILL BE GUARANTEED A ROLE IN THE DELIBERATION PROCESS.

    /// PERRY ACT ///

    THIS WILL ALLOW A CONSULTATIVE MECHANISM SO THE RUSSIANS CAN BE FULLY INFORMED AND WILL HAVE A CHANCE TO HAVE A VOICE IN, TO GET THEIR SAY, TO GET THEIR RECOMMENDATION IN THE DECISIONS MADE BY THE NAC. THE DECISIONS WILL BE MADE BY THE NAC, BUT RUSSIA WILL HAVE AN OPPORTUNITY TO HAVE A FULL VOICE AND A SAY IN THE DECISIONS THAT AFFECT THE DEPLOYMENT OF THEIR TROOPS.

    /// END ACT ///

    NATO OFFICIALS SAY SENIOR RUSSIAN DIPLOMAT VITALY CHURKIN, MOSCOW'S AMBASSADOR IN BRUSSELS, WILL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR LIAISON WITH THE ATLANTIC COUNCIL.

    THE ACCORD OPENS THE WAY FOR MOSCOW TO CONTRIBUTE AT LEAST 15-HUNDRED SOLDIERS TO THE IMPLEMENTATION FORCE. THEY WILL BE ATTACHED TO A U-S ARMY DIVISION -- BUT TECHNICALLY BE OUTSIDE THE NATO COMMAND STRUCTURE UNDER AN AGREEMENT REACHED BY THE DEFENSE CHIEFS THREE WEEKS AGO.

    MR. PERRY CALLED THE NEW ACCORD HISTORIC BECAUSE OF ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR BROADER RUSSIAN-NATO COOPERATION -- SAYING IT CASTS A SHADOW FAR BEYOND BOSNIA.

    THE AGREEMENT CAME ON THE SIDELINES OF A NATO DEFENSE MINISTERS MEETING CHARGED WITH DRAWING UP THE FINAL DETAILS OF WHAT WILL BE THE ALLIANCES BIGGEST MILITARY OPERATION.

    MR. PERRY SAID NATO FORCES WILL BEGIN MOVING INTO BOSNIA A FEW DAYS AFTER THE PEACE ACCORD IS FORMALLY SIGNED IN PARIS IN MID-DECEMBER. BUT HE INDICATED THAT A 15-HUNDRED-TROOP ENABLING FORCE -- HALF OF ITS MEMBERS AMERICANS -- COULD BE ON ITS WAY BY THIS COMING WEEKEND TO LAY GROUNDWORK FOR THE FULL DEPLOYMENT. (SIGNED)

    NEB / DAG / BD / SKH
    28-Nov-95 4:20 PM EST (2120 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

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