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Voice of America, 99-06-10

Voice of America: Selected Articles Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Voice of America <gopher://gopher.voa.gov>


CONTENTS

  • [01] ALBRIGHT / KOSOVO (L ONLY) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE, GERMANY)
  • [02] ALBRIGHT / MACEDONIA (S-ONLY-ONITER) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE, GERMANY)
  • [03] CLINTON / KOSOVO (S) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)
  • [04] CLINTON / KOSOVO (S) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)
  • [05] CLINTON / KOSOVO (S) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)
  • [06] CLINTON / KOSOVO (S) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)
  • [07] COHEN / KOSOVO / REACT - L BY JIM RANDLE (PENTAGON)
  • [08] COHEN-KOSOVO-REACT (L) BY JIM RANDLE (PENTAGON)
  • [09] CONGRESS-KOSOVO (L ONLY) BY PAULA WOLFSON (CAPITOL HILL)
  • [10] CONGRESS-KOSOVO OVERNIGHTER (S/L) BY PAULA WOLFSON (CAPITOL HILL)
  • [11] KOSOVO / HUNGARIAN PRESIDENT (L-O) BY MICHAEL LELAND (CHICAGO)
  • [12] KOSOVO / SERBS PULL OUT (L) BY JIM RANDLE (PENTAGON)
  • [13] KOSOVO / SERBS PULL OUT - S BY PENTAGON (JIM RANDLE)
  • [14] KOSOVO ENDGAME BY NICK SIMEONE (WASHINGTON)
  • [15] KOSOVO PEACE / JACKSON (L) BY GIL BUTLER (SKOPJE, MACEDONIA)
  • [16] KOSOVO PEACE--JACKSON (S) BY GIL BUTLER (SKOPJE)
  • [17] KOSOVO REFUGEE REACTION (L-ONLY) BY AMY BICKERS (TIRANA)
  • [18] KOSOVO REFUGEE REACTION (L-ONLY) BY AMY BICKERS (TIRANA)
  • [19] KOSOVO REFUGEE RISKS (L-ONLY) BY AMY BICKERS (TIRANA)
  • [20] KOSOVO/WARCRIMES (L-ONLY) BY JIM RANDLE (PENTAGON)
  • [21] N-Y ECON WRAP (S & L) BY BRECK ARDERY (NEW YORK)
  • [22] NATO / KOSOVO (L) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)
  • [23] NATO / KOSOVO, UPDATE (S) BY RON PEMSTEIN (GENEVA)
  • [24] NATO KOSOVO OVERNIGHTER (L) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)
  • [25] NATO/KOSOVO (S) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)
  • [26] NATO/KOSOVO (S) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)
  • [27] POLAND/POPE KOSOVO (L-ONLY) BY EVE CONANT (SIEDLCE, POLAND)
  • [28] RUSSIA / U-S / KOSOVO (S) BY PETER HEINLEIN (MOSCOW)
  • [29] RUSSIA / U-S / KOSOVO (S) BY PETER HEINLEIN (MOSCOW)
  • [30] RUSSIA/U-S KOSOVO WRAP (L ONLY) BY PETER HEINLEIN (MOSCOW)
  • [31] RUSSIA/U-S/KOSOVO (L UPDATE) BY PETER HEINLEIN (MOSCOW)
  • [32] THURSDAY'S EDITORIALS BY NICK SIMEONE (WASHINGTON)
  • [33] TURKEY ISLAM / HEADSCARF BY SCOTT BOBB (ANKARA)
  • [34] TURKEY ISLAM / HEADSCARF BY SCOTT BOBB (ANKARA)
  • [35] TURKEY ISLAM / HEADSCARF BY SCOTT BOBB (ANKARA)
  • [36] TURKEY/PRESS FREEDOM (L-ONLY) BY AMBERIN ZAMAN (ANKARA)
  • [37] TURKEY/PRESS FREEDOM (L-ONLY) BY AMBERIN ZAMAN (ANKARA)
  • [38] TURKEY/PRESS FREEDOM (L-ONLY) BY AMBERIN ZAMAN (ANKARA)
  • [39] U-N / KOSOVO / RESOLUTION (L-2ND UPDATE) BY MAX RUSTON (UNITED NATIONS)
  • [40] U-N / KOSOVO / RESOLUTION (L-2ND UPDATE) BY MAX RUSTON (UNITED NATIONS)
  • [41] U-N / KOSOVO AGREEMENT (S) BY MAX RUSTON (UNITED NATIONS)
  • [42] U-N / KOSOVO AGREEMENT (S) BY MAX RUSTON (UNITED NATIONS)
  • [43] U-N / KOSOVO RESOLUTION (S) BY MAX RUSTON (UNITED NATIONS)
  • [44] U-N / KOSOVO RESOLUTION (S) BY MAX RUSTON (UNITED NATIONS)
  • [45] U-N / KOSOVO RESOLUTION (S) BY MAX RUSTON (UNITED NATIONS)
  • [46] U-S/EURO BEEF, U-S DROUGHT, DEAD ZONE BY ROB SIVAK (WASHINGTON)

  • [01] ALBRIGHT / KOSOVO (L ONLY) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE, GERMANY)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250485
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT: *INTRO: SECRETARY OF STATE MADELEINE ALBRIGHT SAYS SERBIA NEEDS TO ABANDON VIOLENCE AND ETHNIC HATRED IF IT WANTS TO TAKE PART IN A NEW STABILITY PACT FOR SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE. VOA'S KYLE KING HAS THIS REPORT FROM COLOGNE, GERMANY, WHERE THE GOALS OF THE NEW STABILITY PACKAGE HAVE BEEN PRESENTED.

    TEXT: THE AIM OF THE NEW STABILITY PACT IS TO PROMOTE REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND DEMOCRACY IN SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE, SO CONFLICTS LIKE THE ONE IN KOSOVO CAN BE PREVENTED.

    SECRETARY OF STATE ALBRIGHT SAYS THE PRICE TAG FOR THE PROJECT IS NOT YET KNOWN, BUT ORGANIZERS HAVE AGREED TO HOLD A DONOR'S CONFERENCE IN THE COMING WEEKS..

    // FIRST ALBRIGHT ACT //

    WE HAVE NOT YET REALLY ATTACHED NUMBERS TO IT, BUT EVERYBODY KNOWS THAT IT IS GOING TO BE EXPENSIVE AND THAT IT HAS TO BE DONE.

    // END ACT //

    MS. ALBRIGHT AND GERMAN FOREIGN MINISTER JOSKHA FISCHER, WHO HOSTED THE MEETING, BOTH SAID THEY EXPECTED EUROPE TO PAY THE BULK OF THE COST.

    THE PACT WAS AGREED TO BY FOREIGN MINISTERS FROM EUROPE, THE UNITED STATES, JAPAN, CANADA AND REPRESENTATIVES OF KEY INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS SUCH AS THE U-N. A 43-POINT DOCUMENT OUTLINING THE GOALS OF THE PACT CALLS FOR APPOINTMENT OF A SPECIAL COORDINATOR WHO WILL WORK TO INTEGRATE THE REGION INTO WESTERN EUROPE. THE IDEA IS TO EXPAND MARKET ECONOMIES AND PROMOTE DEMOCRATIC POLITICAL PROCESSES.

    SECRETARY OF STATE ALBRIGHT SAYS THE BENEFITS OF THE PACT WILL BE EXTENDED TO THE YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MONTENEGRO, WHICH HAS OPPOSED SERB ACTIONS IN KOSOVO.

    SHE SAYS SERBIA IS ALSO WELCOME TO JOIN, BUT MUST FIRST REJECT THE POLICIES OF YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC.

    // SECOND ALBRIGHT ACT //

    WHAT HAS TO HAPPEN IS THAT THE SERB PEOPLE THEMSELVES HAVE TO UNDERSTAND THAT MILOSEVIC'S POLICIES ARE A DEAD END AND A DEMOCRATIC YUGOSLAVIA IS MORE THAN WELCOME AMONG THE DEMOCRATIC NATIONS OF EUROPE.

    // END ACT //

    MS. ALBRIGHT, WHO WILL VISIT A REFUGEE CAMP IN MACEDONIA FRIDAY AND HOLD TALKS WITH GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS, CALLED ON REFUGEES FROM KOSOVO TO PUT ASIDE ANY THOUGHTS OF REVENGE.

    ECHOING THE LANGUAGE OF THE NEW SECURITY PACT, SHE SAID KOSOVO MUST BE A MULTI-ETHNIC SOCIETY. (SIGNED)
    NEB/KBK/PHW/GM
    10-Jun-99 3:38 PM EDT (1938 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [02] ALBRIGHT / MACEDONIA (S-ONLY-ONITER) BY KYLE KING (COLOGNE, GERMANY)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250490
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    /// EDS: ALBRIGHT DEPARTS FOR MACEDONIA ABOUT 0500 UTC ///

    INTRO: AFTER FOUR DAYS OF INTENSIVE TALKS IN GERMANY ABOUT THE PEACE PLAN FOR KOSOVO, U-S SECRETARY OF STATE MADELEINE ALBRIGHT IS TRAVELING TO MACEDONIA TODAY (FRIDAY) TO MEET WITH ETHNIC-ALBANIAN REFUGEES -- SOME OF THE HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF KOSOVARS WHO WERE FORCED OUT OF THEIR HOMES BY SERB FORCES. TRAVELING WITH THE SECRETARY, V-O-A'S KYLE KING REPORTS.

    TEXT: IN WHAT COULD BE DESCRIBED IN SPORTS TERMS AS A VICTORY LAP AROUND THE RACE TRACK, SECRETARY OF STATE ALBRIGHT PLANS TO VISIT SOME OF THE REFUGEES SHE HAS BEEN WORKING TO GET HOME.

    IN MACEDONIA SHE WILL TRAVEL TO ONE OF THE TEEMING CAMPS WHERE ETHNIC ALBANIANS FROM KOSOVO HAVE TAKEN REFUGE.

    DURING A NEWS CONFERENCE IN GERMANY, AT THE END OF TALKS ON A NEW STABILITY PACT FOR SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE, SHE CALLED ON REFUGEES TO TURN AWAY FROM REVENGE:

    /// ALBRIGHT ACT ///

    WHAT WE BELIEVE VERY IMPORTANT, IS THE NECESSITY OF EXPLAINING TO PEOPLE THAT, EVEN IF THEY WERE ETHNICALLY CLEANSED, THAT REVENGE IS NOT APPROPRIATE AND WE WOULD LIKE TO SEE KOSOVO BECOME A MULTI-ETHNIC SOCIETY.

    /// END ACT ///

    FOLLOWING HER VISIT TO THE REFUGEE CAMP, SHE WILL HOLD TALKS WITH GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS IN SKOPJE AND FLY HOME. (SIGNED)
    NEB/KBK/PHW/WTW
    10-Jun-99 4:46 PM EDT (2046 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [03] CLINTON / KOSOVO (S) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250465
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON IS TO MAKE A STATEMENT AT THIS HOUR ABOUT THE START OF THE SERB TROOP PULLOUT FROM KOSOVO. CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS FROM THE WHITE HOUSE.

    TEXT: MR. CLINTON IS TO APPEAR BEFORE REPORTERS IN THE WHITE HOIUSE BRIEFING ROOM TO WELCOME THE START OF THE WITHDRAWAL OF SERB FORCES FROM KOSOVO.

    BUT HE IS ALSO EXPECTED TO UNDERSCORE NATO IS MONITORING THE ACTIONS OF THE SERBS CAREFULLY TO BE SURE THEY ARE FULLY COMPLYING WITH THE AGREEMENT THEIR MILITARY LEADERS AND ALLIANCE OFFICIALS SIGNED ON WEDNESDAY.

    THE PRESIDENT WILL ADDRESS THE NATION LATER FROM THE OVAL OFFICE TO DISCUSS PLANS TO SEND SEVEN-THOUSAND U-S PEACEKEEPING TROOPS TO KOSOVO. THE U-S CONTINGENT WILL MAKE UP 15-PERCENT OF THE OVERALL INTERNATIONAL SECURITY FORCE IN THE SOUTHERN SERB PROVINCE. FRIDAY, MR. CLINTON WILL TRAVEL TO MISSOURI TO VISIT WHITEMAN AIR BASE TO THANK TROOPS WHO PLAYED A KEY ROLE IN THE BOMBING MISSIONS OVER YUGOSLAVIA FOR THE PAST TWO AND A HALF MONTHS. (SIGNED)
    NEB/DAT/RAE
    10-Jun-99 10:14 AM EDT (1414 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [04] CLINTON / KOSOVO (S) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250465
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON IS TO MAKE A STATEMENT AT THIS HOUR ABOUT THE START OF THE SERB TROOP PULLOUT FROM KOSOVO. CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS FROM THE WHITE HOUSE.

    TEXT: MR. CLINTON IS TO APPEAR BEFORE REPORTERS IN THE WHITE HOIUSE BRIEFING ROOM TO WELCOME THE START OF THE WITHDRAWAL OF SERB FORCES FROM KOSOVO.

    BUT HE IS ALSO EXPECTED TO UNDERSCORE NATO IS MONITORING THE ACTIONS OF THE SERBS CAREFULLY TO BE SURE THEY ARE FULLY COMPLYING WITH THE AGREEMENT THEIR MILITARY LEADERS AND ALLIANCE OFFICIALS SIGNED ON WEDNESDAY.

    THE PRESIDENT WILL ADDRESS THE NATION LATER FROM THE OVAL OFFICE TO DISCUSS PLANS TO SEND SEVEN-THOUSAND U-S PEACEKEEPING TROOPS TO KOSOVO. THE U-S CONTINGENT WILL MAKE UP 15-PERCENT OF THE OVERALL INTERNATIONAL SECURITY FORCE IN THE SOUTHERN SERB PROVINCE. FRIDAY, MR. CLINTON WILL TRAVEL TO MISSOURI TO VISIT WHITEMAN AIR BASE TO THANK TROOPS WHO PLAYED A KEY ROLE IN THE BOMBING MISSIONS OVER YUGOSLAVIA FOR THE PAST TWO AND A HALF MONTHS. (SIGNED)
    NEB/DAT/RAE
    10-Jun-99 10:14 AM EDT (1414 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [05] CLINTON / KOSOVO (S) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250465
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON IS TO MAKE A STATEMENT AT THIS HOUR ABOUT THE START OF THE SERB TROOP PULLOUT FROM KOSOVO. CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS FROM THE WHITE HOUSE.

    TEXT: MR. CLINTON IS TO APPEAR BEFORE REPORTERS IN THE WHITE HOIUSE BRIEFING ROOM TO WELCOME THE START OF THE WITHDRAWAL OF SERB FORCES FROM KOSOVO.

    BUT HE IS ALSO EXPECTED TO UNDERSCORE NATO IS MONITORING THE ACTIONS OF THE SERBS CAREFULLY TO BE SURE THEY ARE FULLY COMPLYING WITH THE AGREEMENT THEIR MILITARY LEADERS AND ALLIANCE OFFICIALS SIGNED ON WEDNESDAY.

    THE PRESIDENT WILL ADDRESS THE NATION LATER FROM THE OVAL OFFICE TO DISCUSS PLANS TO SEND SEVEN-THOUSAND U-S PEACEKEEPING TROOPS TO KOSOVO. THE U-S CONTINGENT WILL MAKE UP 15-PERCENT OF THE OVERALL INTERNATIONAL SECURITY FORCE IN THE SOUTHERN SERB PROVINCE. FRIDAY, MR. CLINTON WILL TRAVEL TO MISSOURI TO VISIT WHITEMAN AIR BASE TO THANK TROOPS WHO PLAYED A KEY ROLE IN THE BOMBING MISSIONS OVER YUGOSLAVIA FOR THE PAST TWO AND A HALF MONTHS. (SIGNED)
    NEB/DAT/RAE
    10-Jun-99 10:14 AM EDT (1414 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [06] CLINTON / KOSOVO (S) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250465
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON IS TO MAKE A STATEMENT AT THIS HOUR ABOUT THE START OF THE SERB TROOP PULLOUT FROM KOSOVO. CORRESPONDENT DEBORAH TATE REPORTS FROM THE WHITE HOUSE.

    TEXT: MR. CLINTON IS TO APPEAR BEFORE REPORTERS IN THE WHITE HOIUSE BRIEFING ROOM TO WELCOME THE START OF THE WITHDRAWAL OF SERB FORCES FROM KOSOVO.

    BUT HE IS ALSO EXPECTED TO UNDERSCORE NATO IS MONITORING THE ACTIONS OF THE SERBS CAREFULLY TO BE SURE THEY ARE FULLY COMPLYING WITH THE AGREEMENT THEIR MILITARY LEADERS AND ALLIANCE OFFICIALS SIGNED ON WEDNESDAY.

    THE PRESIDENT WILL ADDRESS THE NATION LATER FROM THE OVAL OFFICE TO DISCUSS PLANS TO SEND SEVEN-THOUSAND U-S PEACEKEEPING TROOPS TO KOSOVO. THE U-S CONTINGENT WILL MAKE UP 15-PERCENT OF THE OVERALL INTERNATIONAL SECURITY FORCE IN THE SOUTHERN SERB PROVINCE. FRIDAY, MR. CLINTON WILL TRAVEL TO MISSOURI TO VISIT WHITEMAN AIR BASE TO THANK TROOPS WHO PLAYED A KEY ROLE IN THE BOMBING MISSIONS OVER YUGOSLAVIA FOR THE PAST TWO AND A HALF MONTHS. (SIGNED)
    NEB/DAT/RAE
    10-Jun-99 10:14 AM EDT (1414 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [07] COHEN / KOSOVO / REACT - L BY JIM RANDLE (PENTAGON)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250485
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM COHEN SAYS THE KOSOVO BOMBING CAMPAIGN MAY BE OVER, BUT THE ROAD TO A LASTING PEACE IN THE SERB PROVINCE WILL BE LONG AND DIFFICULT. V-O-A'S JIM RANDLE REPORTS FROM THE PENTAGON.

    TEXT: DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM COHEN SAYS HE IS GLAD NATO BOMBS ARE NO LONGER FALLING, BUT HE WARNS THE BALKAN VERSION OF PEACE MAY BE FRAGILE.

    /// COHEN ACT ///

    THERE IS STILL A LOT OF WORK TO BE DONE, THERE ARE MANY PITFALLS ALONG THE WAY TO HAVING A TRUE SUCCESS, AND THAT IS WHEN THE REFUGEES ARE ABLE TO GO BACK TO THEIR HOMES SAFELY AND SECURELY. WE ARE BEGINNING THAT PROCESS NOW.

    /// END ACT ///

    THE DISPLACED ETHNIC ALBANIANS WILL BE PROTECTED BY A 50-THOUSAND MEMBER NATO-LED PEACEKEEPING FORCE, INCLUDING ABOUT SEVEN-THOUSAND U-S TROOPS.

    MR. COHEN SAYS U-S MARINES AND SOLDIERS WHO WILL TAKE PART IN K-FOR (THE PEACEKEEPING FORCE) ARE MOVING QUICKLY INTO POSITION IN MACEDONIA. HE SAYS THEY ARE GETTING READY TO CLEAR AWAY MINES AND BEGIN PATROLS IN A SECTOR OF EASTERN KOSOVO. PENTAGON OFFICIALS SAY JUST OVER HALF OF THE AMERICAN TROOPS SHOULD BE IN PLACE IN A COUPLE OF DAYS, THE REST WITHIN A MONTH.

    BRITISH SOLDIERS WILL MAKE UP THE LARGEST CONTINGENT IN THE FORCE. BRITISH GENERAL SIR MICHAEL JACKSON COMMANDS THE UNIT. THERE WILL ALSO BE LARGE CONTINGENTS OF FRENCH, GERMAN, AND ITALIAN SOLDIERS IN THE FORCE. (SIGNED).
    NEB/JR/PHW/GM
    10-Jun-99 3:23 PM EDT (1923 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [08] COHEN-KOSOVO-REACT (L) BY JIM RANDLE (PENTAGON)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250483
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM COHEN SAYS THE KOSOVO BOMBING CAMPAIGN MAY BE OVER, BUT THE ROAD TO A LASTING PEACE IN THE SERB PROVINCE WILL STILL BE A LONG AND DIFFICULT ONE. V-O-A'S JIM RANDLE REPORTS FROM THE PENTAGON.

    TEXT: DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM COHEN SAYS HE IS GLAD NATO BOMBS ARE NO LONGER FALLING, BUT WARNS THE BALKAN VERSION OF PEACE MAY BE FRAGILE.

    /// COHEN ACT ///

    THERE IS STILL A LOT OF WORK TO BE DONE, THERE ARE MANY PITFALLS ALONG THE WAY TO HAVING A TRUE SUCCESS, AND THAT IS WHEN THE REFUGEES ARE ABLE TO GO BACK TO THEIR HOMES SAFELY AND SECURELY. AND WE ARE BEGINNING THAT PROCESS NOW.

    /// END ACT ///

    THOSE DISPLACED ETHNIC ALBANIANS WILL BE PROTECTED BY A 50-THOUSAND MEMBER NATO LED PEACEKEEPING FORCE, INCLUDING ABOUT SEVEN-THOUSAND U-S TROOPS.MR. COHEN SAYS U-S MARINES AND SOLDIERS WHO WILL TAKE PART IN K-FOR (THE PEACEKEEPING FORCE) ARE MOVING QUICKLY INTO POSITION IN MACEDONIA. HE SAYS THEY ARE GETTING READY TO CLEAR AWAY MINES AND BEGIN PATROLS IN A SECTOR OF EASTERN KOSOVO.

    PENTAGON OFFICIALS SAY JUST OVER HALF OF THE AMERICAN TROOPS SHOULD BE IN PLACE IN A COUPLE OF DAYS, THE REST WITHIN A MONTH. BRITISH SOLDIERS WILL MAKE UP THE LARGEST CONTINGENT IN THE K-FOR AND BRITISH GENERAL SIR MICHAEL JACKSON COMMANDS THE UNIT. THERE WILL ALSO BE LARGE CONTINGENTS OF FRENCH, GERMAN AND ITALIAN SOLDIERS IN THE FORCE. (SIGNED).
    NEB/PT
    10-Jun-99 2:52 PM EDT (1852 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [09] CONGRESS-KOSOVO (L ONLY) BY PAULA WOLFSON (CAPITOL HILL)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250496
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PRESIDENT CLINTON IS PROMISING MEMBERS OF THE U-S HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES THAT HE WILL NOT CUT OTHER DEFENSE PROGRAMS TO PAY FOR PEACE KEEPING IN KOSOVO. HIS PLEDGE DEFUSED A POSSIBLE CONFRONTATION ON CAPITOL HILL OVER MONEY FOR THE MISSION. V-O-A'S PAULA WOLFSON REPORTS..

    TEXT: ONE DAY AFTER A KOSOVO PEACE AGREEMENT WAS SIGNED, THE HOUSE FOUND ITSELF IN THE AWKWARD POSITION OF DEBATING FUNDING FOR MILITARY OPERATIONS IN YUGOSLAVIA.

    LAWMAKERS WERE PRESENTED WITH A BILL DRAFTED WEEKS AGO AT THE HEIGHT OF THE NATO AIR CAMPAIGN THAT BARS THE PRESIDENT FROM DIPPING INTO REGULAR DEFENSE ACCOUNTS TO PAY FOR THE KOSOVO MISSION.

    DEMOCRATS SAW IT AS AN ATTEMPT BY REPUBLICANS TO CUT OFF FUNDING FOR THE OPERATION AS IT SHIFTS TO PEACEKEEPING.

    ////GEPHARDT TEASE/////

    TURNING OUR BACKS ON THIS EFFORT NOW WOULD SEND A HORRIBLE SIGNAL TO NATO AND THE REST OF THE WORLD THAT THE UNITED STATES IS TURNING TO AN ISOLATIONIST STANCE.

    /////

    END ACT

    HOUSE DEMOCRATIC PARTY LEADER RICHARD GEPHARDT URGED LAWMAKERS TO SHOW SUPPORT FOR THE PEACEKEEPING EFFORT BY DROPPING THE RESTRICTIONS ON FUNDING.

    ////GEPHARDT ACT////

    CONGRESS HAS BEEN CRITICIZED FOR OUR ERRATIC POLICY ON KOSOVO. THIS IS OUR CHANCE TODAY TO BE CONSISTENT AND TO BE UNITED BEHIND A POLICY OF PEACE.

    //////END ACT/////

    THE PRESENCE OF A PEACE AGREEMENT MUTED CRITICISM OF PRESIDENT CLINTON'S BALKAN POLICY. BUT THERE WERE STILL VOICES RAISED IN OPPOSITION WITHIN THE REPUBLICAN RANKS..

    THE LOUDEST VOICE WAS THAT OF A YOUNG CONGRESSMAN FROM THE MIDWESTERN STATE OF INDIANA NAMED MARK SOUDER (SOW'-DUR) HE SAID THE NATO OPERATION AGAINST YUGOSLAVIA HAS BEEN A DISASTER FROM THE START, AND THE UNITED STATES HAS NO BUSINESS TAKING PART IN A PEACEKEEPING OPERATION.

    //////SOUDER ACT/////

    THIS IS CERTAINLY NO VICTORY. AFTER ELEVEN WEEKS OF BOMBING WE HAVE LESS WORLD STABILITY THAN WHEN WE STARTED. AFTER ELEVEN WEEKS OF BOMBING, WE HAVE A SETTLEMENT THAT WE PROBABLY COULD HAVE ACHIEVED AT THE BEGINNING.

    //////END ACT/////

    REPUBLICAN LEADERS SHOWED MORE RESTRAINT, AND SEEMED EAGER TO WORK OUT SOME KIND OF COMPROMISE ON THE FUNDING ISSUE. THEY DRAGGED OUT DEBATE ON THE DEFENSE BILL WHILE NEGOTIATIONS CONTINUED, AND MEMBERS WAITED FOR A LETTER FROM THE PRESIDENT.

    HIS WRITTEN ASSURANCE THAT OTHER DEFENSE PROGRAMS WOULD NOT SUFFER TO PAY FOR THE KOSOVO MISSION WAS ENOUGH FOR MANY REPUBLICANS. THEY AGREED TO HANDLE KOSOVO AS A SEPARATE EMERGENCY BUDGET ITEM, AND VOTED WITH DEMOCRATS TO REMOVE THE CONTROVERSIAL LANGUAGE FROM THE DEFENSE BILL. (SIGNED)
    NEB/PW/PHW/PT
    10-Jun-99 6:44 PM EDT (2244 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [10] CONGRESS-KOSOVO OVERNIGHTER (S/L) BY PAULA WOLFSON (CAPITOL HILL)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250446
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE U-S HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES WILL HAVE ITS SAY TODAY (THURSDAY) ON THE KOSOVO PEACE AGREEMENT. LAWMAKERS ARE DEBATING A WIDE-RANGING DEFENSE POLICY BILL, AND THEY ARE READY TO TAKE UP A CONTROVERSIAL SECTION DEALING WITH THE BALKANS. V-O-A CONGRESSIONAL CORRESPONDENT PAULA WOLFSON HAS DETAILS.

    TEXT: THE HOUSE WAS HARD AT WORK ON THE DEFENSE BILL WHEN IMPORTANT NEWS REACHED CAPITOL HILL.

    //////SKELTON TEASE ACT////

    MR. CHAIRMAN, IF WE MAY HAVE ORDER, I WOULD LIKE TO SPEAK JUST FOR A FEW MINUTES OUT OF ORDER.

    //////END ACT//////

    DEMOCRAT IKE SKELTON INTERRUPTED THE HOUSE WEDNESDAY IN MID-DEBATE. HIS WORDS BROUGHT CHEERS FROM HIS COLLEAGUES.

    ///////SKELTON ACT////

    SECRETARY OF DEFENSE COHEN JUST A FEW MOMENTS AGO ANNOUNCED THAT THERE IS A WITHDRAWAL AGREEMENT (APPLAUSE...FADES)

    /////END ACT/////

    BUT THE UNIFIED RESPONSE IN THE CHAMBER MAY SHOW SIGNS OF FRAYING LATER TODAY (THURSDAY) WHEN HOUSE MEMBERS CONSIDER THE PORTION OF THE DEFENSE BILL DEALING WITH KOSOVO. THEY WILL VOTE ON AN EFFORT TO CUT OFF FUNDING FOR THE MISSION, AS WELL AS THE POSSIBLE DEPLOYMENT OF U-S PEACEKEEPERS.

    //// REST OPT FOR LONG ////

    DEMOCRATS ARE URGING REPUBLICAN LEADERS TO PUT OFF THE KOSOVO DEBATE. TEXAS CONGRESSMAN JIM TURNER SAYS CONGRESS SHOULD WAIT AND SEE HOW THE PEACE PROCESS WORKS OUT.

    /// TURNER ACT ///

    IT IS TOTALLY IRRESPONSIBLE FOR THIS HOUSE TO BE CONSIDERING LEGISLATION THAT WOULD BAN THE USE OF ANY FUNDS AS OF SEPTEMBER 30TH FOR PEACE KEEPING OPERATIONS IN THE REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA.

    /////END ACT/////

    BUT FLORIDA REPUBLICAN PORTER GOSS SAYS CONGRESS MUST SPEAK OUT.

    ////// GOSS ACT /////

    I THINK IT WOULD BE A HUGE EMBARRASSMENT AND NOT SERVING THE PUBLIC PROPERLY IN A REPRESENTATIVE FORM OF GOVERNMENT FOR US NOT TO DISCUSS THE KOSOVO SITUATION WHEN WE ARE TALKING ABOUT THE DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION BILL.

    //////END ACT///////

    THE SENATE HAS ALREADY COMPLETED WORK ON ITS VERSION OF THE BILL,WHICH DOES NOT CUT OFF FUNDS FOR MILITARY OPERATIONS IN YUGOSLAVIA.. IT WILL HAVE TO BE RECONCILED WITH THE HOUSE LANGUAGE BEFORE THE LEGISLATION IS SENT TO THE PRESIDENT. (SIGNED)
    NEB/PT
    09-Jun-99 9:20 PM EDT (0120 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [11] KOSOVO / HUNGARIAN PRESIDENT (L-O) BY MICHAEL LELAND (CHICAGO)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250494
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE END OF THE NATO AIR CAMPAIGN IN YUGOSLAVIA IS BEING WELCOMED BY THE PRESIDENT OF NEIGHBORING HUNGARY. ARPAD GUNCZ WAS IN THE MIDWEST U-S CITY OF CHICAGO THURSDAY TO MEET WITH THE AREA'S BUSINESS AND POLITICAL LEADERS. VOA'S MICHAEL LELAND TELLS US, THE HUNGARIAN LEADER IS OPTIMISTIC ABOUT PEACE IN THE BALKANS.

    TEXT: HUNGARIAN PRESIDENT ARPAD GUNCZ SAYS HE AND, HE IS CERTAIN, HUNGARIAN CITIZENS, ARE PLEASED A PEACE PLAN HAS BEEN WORKED OUT BETWEEN NATO AND SERB-LED YUGOSLAVIA. BUT, SPEAKING THROUGH AN INTERPRETER, HE ADDED THE REGION'S TROUBLES ARE FAR FROM SETTLED.

    // FIRST GUNCZ AND INTERPRETER ACT //

    I AM SURE THAT MOST PEOPLE WILL HAVE A SENSE OF RELIEF. THIS HAS BEEN THE FINAL ACT OF THE FIRST STAGE OF THE KOSOVO CRISIS.

    // END ACT //

    MR. GUNCZ MET WITH REPORTERS AT A LAKEFRONT PIER, JUST BEFORE TAKING A CRUISE WITH OFFICIALS FROM A LOCAL CORPORATION. HE APPLAUDED NATO'S EFFORTS TO MAKE SURE NO POWER VACUUM IS CREATED IN KOSOVO, SENDING IN PEACE KEEPERS IMMEDIATELY BEHIND WITHDRAWING SERB FORCES. HE ALSO SAYS THE KOSOVO LIBERATION ARMY SHOULD BE PART OF THE REGION'S SECURITY PLAN.

    // SECOND GUNCZ AND INTERPRETER ACT //

    BECAUSE WE HAVE HISTORICAL EXAMPLES [FOR THIS], FOR EXAMPLE, THE HAGANAH ( EDS : AN ARMED JEWISH GROUP IN 1940) BECAME THE CORE OF THE ISRAELI ARMY. THE P-L-O, FOR INSTANCE, WAS TRANSFORMED INTO THE PALESTINIAN POLICE.

    // END ACT //

    PRESIDENT GUNCZ DESCRIBED THE HUNGARIAN PEOPLE AS SO CLOSE TO THE CONFLICT THEY COULD SEE THE STREAKS LEFT HIGH IN THE AIR BY NATO BOMBERS. HE SAYS AS A NEW MEMBER OF NATO, HUNGARY LOOKS FORWARD TO CONTRIBUTING TO EFFORTS TO ESTABLISH LASTING PEACE IN THE REGION. (SIGNED)
    NEB/MJL/PHW/PT
    10-Jun-99 5:37 PM EDT (2137 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [12] KOSOVO / SERBS PULL OUT (L) BY JIM RANDLE (PENTAGON)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250497
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PICTURES FROM A U-S SPY PLANE SHOW YUGOSLAV MILITARY FORCES LEAVING THE SERBIAN PROVINCE OF KOSOVO, APPARENTLY COMPLYING WITH THE NEW AGREEMENT THAT WILL HAVE ALL SERB SOLDIERS OUT OF KOSOVO BY JUNE 20TH. V-O-A'S JIM RANDLE REPORTS FROM THE PENTAGON.

    TEXT: U-S AIR FORCE GENERAL CHUCK WALD SHOWED REPORTERS FUZZY VIDEO OF A LINE OF TRUCKS AND MILITARY VEHICLES THAT HE SAID WERE HEADED NORTH, CARRYING AT LEAST SOME OF THE SERB-DOMINATED YUGOSLAV FORCES OUT OF KOSOVO.

    /// WALD ACT ///

    THIS TRUCK HERE HAS A LARGE TRUCK BEHIND IT WITH A MORTAR ON THE BACK OF THAT ONE. OTHER SMALLER VEHICLES, AND OTHER SEMI-TRAILER VEHICLES TAKING SUPPLIES, THERE ARE PEOPLE WITH THEM. THERE IS ANOTHER MORTAR ON THE BACK OF THAT ONE.

    /// END ACT ///

    THE PICTURES CAME FROM AN UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE --- ESSENTIALLY A ROBOT SPY PLANE CALLED A "PREDATOR" -- FLYING A FEW HUNDRED METERS ABOVE THE SERB TROOPS. IT TRANSMITS PICTURES OF THEIR MOVEMENTS TO MONITORS IN WASHINGTON AND ELSEWHERE.

    OTHER PICTURES FROM THE "PREDATOR" SHOWED LARGE, EMPTY TRUCKS HEADED SOUTH INTO KOSOVO, APPARENTLY TO PICK UP YUGOSLAV TANKS AND OTHER HEAVY MILITARY EQUIPMENT AND HAUL IT OUT OF THE PROVINCE.

    THE RECENTLY SIGNED AGREEMENT BETWEEN NATO AND YUGOSLAV GENERALS REQUIRES SOME SERB FORCES TO LEAVE THE NORTHERN PART OF KOSOVO WITHIN ONE DAY. THEY MUST CLEAR OUT OF THE REST OF THE PROVINCE SOON, UNDER A COMPLICATED SCHEDULE OF AGREED TIMES AND ROUTES.

    U-S OFFICIALS SAY THEY WILL BE WATCHING THE TROOP MOVEMENTS CLOSELY WITH SEVERAL KINDS OF SPY PLANES AND SATELLITES.

    ONCE THE SERB FORCES LEAVE AN AREA, ELEMENTS OF THE 50-THOUSAND MEMBER NATO-LED PEACEKEEPING FORCE CAN MOVE IN.

    DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM COHEN SAYS THE COMPLEX TECHNOLOGY OF WAR AND THE EXPENSE OF PEACEKEEPING MEAN HE WILL HAVE TO GO TO CONGRESS - AGAIN - TO ASK FOR EXTRA MONEY.

    HE SAYS PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS ALONE WILL PROBABLY COST THE U-S TAXPAYERS ONE-AND-A-HALF TO TWO BILLION DOLLARS PER YEAR. MR. COHEN SAYS HE HAS NO WAY OF KNOWING HOW LONG PEACEKEEPERS WILL HAVE TO STAY IN KOSOVO. (SIGNED).
    NEB/JR/PHW/GM
    10-Jun-99 6:52 PM EDT (2252 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [13] KOSOVO / SERBS PULL OUT - S BY PENTAGON (JIM RANDLE)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250498
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PICTURES FROM A U-S SPY PLANE SHOWS YUGOSLAV MILITARY FORCES LEAVING THE SERBIAN PROVINCE OF KOSOVO. V-O-A'S JIM RANDLE REPORTS FROM THE PENTAGON, WHERE OFFICIALS SAY THE VIDEO SHOWS SERBS ARE APPARENTLY COMPLYING WITH THE NEW AGREEMENT THAT WILL HAVE ALL YUGOSLAV SOLDIERS OUT OF KOSOVO BY JUNE 20TH.

    TEXT: U-S AIR FORCE GENERAL CHUCK WALD SHOWED REPORTERS FUZZY VIDEO OF A LINE OF TRUCKS AND MILITARY VEHICLES THAT HE SAID WERE HEADED NORTH, CARRYING AT LEAST SOME OF THE SERB-DOMINATED YUGOSLAV FORCES OUT OF KOSOVO.

    /// WALD ACT ///

    THIS TRUCK HERE HAS A LARGE TRUCK BEHIND IT WITH A MORTAR ON THE BACK OF THAT ONE. OTHER SMALLER VEHICLES, AND OTHER SEMI-TRAILER VEHICLES TAKING SUPPLIES, THERE IS PEOPLE WITH THEM. THERE IS ANOTHER MORTAR ON THE BACK OF THAT VEHICLE.

    /// END ACT ///

    OTHER SPY PLANE PICTURES SHOW LARGE, EMPTY TRUCKS HEADED SOUTH INTO KOSOVO, APPARENTLY TO PICK UP YUGOSLAV TANKS AND OTHER HEAVY MILITARY EQUIPMENT AND HAUL IT OUT OF THE PROVINCE.

    THE RECENTLY SIGNED AGREEMENT BETWEEN NATO AND YUGOSLAV GENERALS REQUIRES SOME SERB FORCES TO LEAVE THE NORTHERN PART OF KOSOVO WITHIN ONE DAY. THEY MUST CLEAR OUT OF THE REST OF THE PROVINCE SOON UNDER A COMPLICATED SCHEDULE OF AGREED TIMES AND ROUTES. (SIGNED).
    NEB/PT
    10-Jun-99 6:52 PM EDT (2252 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [14] KOSOVO ENDGAME BY NICK SIMEONE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=06/10/99
    TYPE=U-S OPINION ROUND UP
    NUMBER=6-11329
    TELEPHONE=619-2702
    EDITOR=ASSIGNMENTS
    CONTENT=

    ///// ED'S: MATERIAL DATED AFTER 10 P-M EASTERN TIME. /////

    INTRO: EDITORIAL COMMENT IN AMERICAN NEWSPAPERS IS LESS THAN ENTHUSIASTIC ABOUT THE AGREEMENT THAT ENDED THE NATO WAR OVER KOSOVO, WITH SOME NEWSPAPERS SUGGESTING THE KOSOVO ACCORD FALLS SHORT OF A COMPLETE VICTORY FOR THE ATLANTIC ALLIANCE. HERE WITH A SAMPLING OF OPINION ON WHAT SOME OF AMERICA'S MAJOR NEWSPAPERS ARE SAYING IS ___________ WITH WEDNESDAY'S OPINION ROUND UP.

    TEXT: THE MILITARY TO MILITARY AGREEMENT SIGNED BETWEEN NATO AND SERB COMMANDERS SATISFIES SOME BUT NOT ALL OF NATO'S DEMANDS DEFINED WHEN THE ALLIANCE BEGAN THE AIR WAR OVER KOSOVO MARCH 24TH. THURSDAY'S NEW YORK POST AGREES WITH PRESIDENT CLINTON'S ASSESSMENT THAT THE ACCORD SIGNED IN MACEDONIA WEDNESDAY IS ANOTHER IMPORTANT STEP, BUT THE PAPER GOES ON TO SAY:

    VOICE: IN THE END, HOWEVER, IT TOOK SOME SIGNIFICANT CONCESSIONS BY NATO BOTH TO THE RUSSIANS AND TO THE SERBS TO REACH THIS AGREEMENT. THIS IS, TO PUT IT MILDLY, NOT QUITE THE SAME AS A VICTORIOUS ARMY DICTATING TERMS TO A VANQUISHED OPPONENT.

    TEXT: AND THE NEW YORK POST WRITES IN SOME WAYS, THE MILITARY ACCORD IS DELIBERATELY VAGUE ON KEY ISSUES ABOUT KOSOVO'S FUTURE.

    VOICE: WHAT IS THE PRECISE ROLE OF THE RUSSIAN MILITARY? HAVING PROVIDED THE IMPETUS THAT FORCED MILOSEVIC TO THE TABLE, MOSCOW WANTS A SUBSTANTIAL ROLE, BUT UNDER U-N COMMAND, NOT NATO. WASHINGTON WANTS A UNIFIED COMMAND LED BY NATO, BUT A CLAUSE TO THAT EFFECT WAS DROPPED FROM THE AGREEMENT.

    TEXT: ATTENTION NOW SHIFTS TO THE UNITED NATIONS WHERE THE SECURITY COUNCIL IS SET TO APPROVE (HAS APPROVED) A RESOLUTION GIVING LEGAL WEIGHT TO THE PEACE-KEEPING FORCE THAT WILL ENTER KOSOVO, KNOWN AS K-FOR. THE LOS ANGELES TIMES SAYS IT'S CRITICAL THAT THE COUNCIL ACT QUICKLY.

    VOICE: RELIEF AGENCIES FACE A DAUNTING TASK. THE HOMES AND BUSINESSES OF HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF KOSOVO ALBANIANS HAVE BEEN LOOTED AND DESTROYED. IT WILL BE SOME TIME BEFORE THE FULL EXTENT OF THE HUMANITARIAN TRAGEDY IS KNOWN. ANY DELAY BY THE SECURITY COUNCIL IN APPROVING THE START OF PEACE KEEPING AND RELIEF OPERATIONS WOULD DEEPEN THE DISASTER.

    TEXT: IN BILL CLINTON'S HOME STATE OF ARKANSAS, THE DEMOCRAT-GAZETTE BLASTS THE ADMINISTRATION FOR A DECISION THAT WILL ALLOW SERB AUTHORITIES TO MONITOR THE RETURN OF KOSOVAR REFUGEES AS THEY CROSS THE BORDER ON THEIR WAY HOME.

    VOICE: THE SAME OFFICIALS WHO STOOD BY DAY AFTER DAY WHILE THE REFUGEES WERE FORCE-MARCHED ACROSS THE BORDER, WHO STRIPPED THE LICENSE PLATES OFF THEIR CARS AND TORE UP THEIR IDENTITY PAPERS LEST THEY BE ABLE TO RETURN, WHO SHOOK DOWN THEIR VICTIMS AND GENERALLY TREATED THEM LIKE SO MANY SHEEP TO BE SHORN, WILL BE RIGHT THERE WHEN THE EXILES RETURN, STILL IN PLACE. THE MESSAGE WILL BE CLEAR: 'WELCOME HOME FOLKS, IT'S STILL UNDER THE SAME ROTTEN MANAGEMENT.'

    TEXT: THE WASHINGTON TIMES LASHES OUT AT WHAT IT PORTRAYS AS A PRESIDENT USING VICTORY IN KOSOVO TO RE-WRITE HIS LEGACY.

    VOICE: PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS BEEN OBSESSED WITH ACHIEVING A LEGACY THAT WILL NOT REQUIRE THAT HIS OBITUARY BEGIN WITH THE FACT THAT HE WAS AMERICA'S FIRST ELECTED PRESIDENT TO BE IMPEACHED. GIVEN THAT SUCH IMPEACHMENT DERIVED FROM HIS INABILITY TO KEEP HIS PANTS ZIPPED, AND HIS PROPENSITY TO LIE ABOUT IT UNDER OATH, HIS OBSESSION IS UNDERSTANDABLE.

    TEXT: THAT CONCLUDES THIS LOOK AT WHAT SOME OF AMERICA'S MAJOR NEWSPAPERS ARE SAYING ABOUT THE END OF THE WAR OVER KOSOVO. (SIGNED)
    NEB/NJS/KL
    10-Jun-99 12:06 PM EDT (1606 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [15] KOSOVO PEACE / JACKSON (L) BY GIL BUTLER (SKOPJE, MACEDONIA)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250492
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE COMMANDER OF THE INTERNATIONAL "K-FOR" MILITARY FORCE, WHICH WILL ENTER KOSOVO AS SERB FORCES DEPART, SAYS THE FORCE WILL BE EVEN-HANDED AND WILL NOT ALLOW VIOLENCE OF ANY KIND. GENERAL MICHAEL JACKSON SPOKE WITH REPORTERS IN MACEDONIA (THURSDAY) AS THE BEGINNING OF THE YUGOSLAV TROOPS' WITHDRAWAL START WAS CONFIRMED, AND NATO BOMBING WAS OFFICIALLY SUSPENDED. V-O-A'S GIL BUTLER HAS THE STORY FROM SKOPJE.

    TEXT: GENERAL JACKSON SAYS MEMBERS OF THE YUGOSLAV MILITARY HAVE BEEN COOPERATING IN IDENTIFYING LAND MINES AS THEY LEAVE KOSOVO.

    /// FIRST JACKSON ACT ///

    THEY ARE BEING COOPERATIVE, AND THEY ARE PROVIDING US WITH A LOT OF DETAILED INFORMATION, INCLUDING, WHERE IT IS AVAILABLE, RECORDS OF MINEFIELDS. AND I HAVE A REPORT, WHICH I CAN'T VERIFY FOR MYSELF AT THE MOMENT, THAT THEY ARE ALREADY DISMANTLING THE DEMOLITION (CHARGES) WHICH HAD BEEN PREPARED ON BRIDGES AND TUNNELS.

    /// END ACT ///

    GENERAL JACKSON EMPHASIZED REPEATEDLY THAT VIOLENCE WILL NOT BE TOLERATED WHEN "K-FOR" IS IN CHARGE IN KOSOVO -- NO MATTER WHO STARTS IT. HE HAD BEEN ASKED ABOUT UNCONFIRMED REPORTS OF MASSIVE ETHNIC SERB FLIGHT FROM KOSOVO.

    /// SECOND JACKSON ACT ///

    THE "K-FOR" APPROACH WILL BE ONE OF UTTER EVEN-HANDEDNESS TO ALL THE PEOPLE OF KOSOVO, FROM WHICHEVER ETHNIC BACKGROUND THEY MAY COME. I HAVE SAID THAT OUR PRIMARY AIM IS TO CREATE THAT LEVEL OF SECURITY, WITHIN WHICH ALL PEOPLE CAN HAVE THE CONFIDENCE TO LIVE A NORMAL LIFE. I CAN'T PUT IT MORE STRONGLY THAN THAT.

    /// END ACT ///

    AS TO RUSSIAN FORCES' INVOLVEMENT IN THE PEACE-KEEPING, GENERAL JACKSON SAID HE HOPES THEY WILL JOIN THE "K-FOR" FORCE. HE SAYS A DECISION ON COMMAND AND CONTROL OF THE RUSSIAN FORCE IS A POLITICAL MATTER THAT WILL BE DECIDED BETWEEN NATO AND RUSSIA.

    AS TO WHEN THE KOSOVO FORCE WILL GO IN, GENERAL JACKSON SAYS THAT WILL BE "VERY SOON" -- BUT HE IS REFUSING TO GIVE AN SPECIFIC TIMETABLE. (SIGNED)
    NEB/MGB/WTW
    10-Jun-99 5:13 PM EDT (2113 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [16] KOSOVO PEACE--JACKSON (S) BY GIL BUTLER (SKOPJE)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250486
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE COMMANDER OF THE INTERNATIONAL MILITARY FORCE THAT WILL GO INTO KOSOVO AS SERB FORCES LEAVE SAYS THE OPERATION WILL BE STRICTLY EVEN HANDED IN ESTABLISHING SECURITY IN KOSOVO. VOA'S GIL BUTLER ATTENDED A NEWS BRIEFING BY BRITISH GENERAL MIKE JACKSON AND HAS A REPORT FROM SKOPJE, MACEDONIA.

    TEXT: WITH THE START OF THE SERB WITHDRAWAL CONFIRMED AND AN OFFICIAL SUSPENSION OF NATO'S BOMBING, THE INTERNATIONAL FORCE CALLED "K - FOR" (PEACEKEEPING FORCE), IS EXPECTED TO DEPLOY IN KOSOVO VERY RAPIDLY.

    GENERAL JACKSON TOLD REPORTERS IN SKOPJE, MACEDONIA WHERE THE NATO TROOPS ARE ASSEMBLING, THAT THE FORCE WILL BE TOTALLY FAIR AND BALANCED. IN HIS WORDS, THE FORCE WILL DEAL FIRMLY WITH ANYONE USING VIOLENCE.

    /// JACKSON ACT ///

    THIS EVEN HANDEDNESS IS ABSOLUTELY VITAL BECAUSE OUR AIM IS TO PROVIDE PEACE AND SECURITY FOR ALL THE PEOPLE OF KOSOVO FROM WHATEVER ETHNIC BACKGROUND THEY MAY COME.

    /// END ACT ///

    THERE ARE REPORTS THAT MANY SERBS IN KOSOVO HAVE LEFT OR AREPREPARING TO LEAVE BEFORE THE KOSOVAR ALBANIANS RETURN. AS FOR HOW RUSSIAN TROOPS WILL BE USED, GENERAL JACKSON SAID HE HOPES THEY WILL JOIN THE K-FOR STRUCTURE. GENERAL JACKSON REFUSED TO GIVE A TIMTABLE OF ANY OF THE NATO TROOPS MOVEMENTS.(SIGNED)
    NEB/PT
    10-Jun-99 3:44 PM EDT (1944 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [17] KOSOVO REFUGEE REACTION (L-ONLY) BY AMY BICKERS (TIRANA)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250463
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: ETHNIC ALBANIAN REFUGEES SAY THEY ARE CAUTIOUSLY OPTIMISTIC ABOUT THE MILITARY ACCORD BETWEEN NATO AND YUGOSLAVIA. AS AMY BICKERS REPORTS FROM TIRANA, THE REFUGEES ARE EAGER FOR THE WITHDRAWAL OF SERB FORCES FROM KOSOVO, AND SAY THEY WANT TO RETURN HOME ONCE THEIR SAFETY IS ASSURED.

    TEXT: SIXTY-FOUR YEAR OLD MUHARRAM, A KOSOVAR REFUGEE AT A CAMP IN THE ALBANIAN CAPITAL, IS READING THE NEWSPAPER AND SMILING BROADLY AT THE HEADLINES. THEY HERALD THE MILITARY PACT SIGNED BY NATO AND YUGOSLAV GENERALS LATE WEDNESDAY.

    MUHARRAM SAYS THROUGH A TRANSLATOR THAT HE AND HIS FRIENDS AT THE CAMP ARE HOPEFUL THAT THE DEAL REPRESENTS A RAPID ENDING OF THE 11-WEEK CONFLICT IN WHICH CLOSE TO A MILLION ETHNIC ALBANIANS WERE FORCED FROM THEIR HOMES AND THOUSANDS WERE INJURED OR KILLED.

    /// MUHARRAM ACT (TRANSLATOR'S VOICE) ///

    HE IS SAYING HE WAS GLAD, AND THEY ALL HEARD THE NEWS WITH A SENSE OF HAPPINESS WHEN THEY HEARD THE AGREEMENT WAS ACCEPTED BY YUGOSLAVIA. THEY SAID ALSO THEY ARE WISHING TO HAVE MORE GOOD SIGNS AND WANT TO SEE THE SERB'S FORCES LEAVE KOSOVO.

    /// END ACT ///

    WHILE THE MOOD AT THE CAMP IS GENERALLY UPBEAT, HAKI, A 42-YEAR OLD REFUGEE FROM THE TOWN OF PEA (PRON: PAY-AH), STILL HAS DOUBTS. THROUGH A TRANSLATOR, HE SAYS HE WILL REGAIN HIS CONFIDENCE ONLY AFTER THE SERB MILITARY TROOPS, PARAMILITARIES AND POLICE HAVE LEFT KOSOVO.

    /// HAKI ACT (TRANSLATOR'S VOICE) ///

    HE IS SAYING FOR SURE IT WAS A HAPPY MOMENT FOR US TO LEARN ABOUT THE AGREEMENT BUT THE ATROCITIES WE SAW WERE MADE BY MILOSEVIC. AND EVERYTHING WE HAVE SUFFERED FROM HIM MAKES US NOT TRUST WHAT HE SAYS, SO WE WILL HAVE TO SEE HOW THINGS ROLL FORWARD.

    /// END ACT ///

    //OPT//

    NADIRA, A MOTHER OF THREE FROM THE TOWN OF PRIZREN, SAYS SHE HOPES TO LEAVE THE CAMP AS SOON AS HUMANITARIAN AID ORGANIZATIONS DECLARE IT IS SAFE TO GO BACK. SPEAKING THROUGH A TRANSLATOR, SHE SAYS HER FAMILY HAS BEEN LIVING IN A TENT FOR MORE THAN TWO MONTHS WITH LIMITED ACCESS TO WATER AND NO ELECTRICITY.

    /// NADIRA ACT (TRANSLATORS VOICE) ///

    THEY SAY THAT WITHIN ONE MONTH'S TIME THEY ARE PLANNING TO TURN BACK, THEY SAY IT IS TOO HOT AND THEY LACK GOOD CONDITIONS SO IT IS HARD FOR THEM TO STAY HERE.

    /// END ACT /////END OPT//

    LIKE MANY REFUGEES, JETON (PRON: YETON), FROM GJAKOVA (PRON: JAKOVA), SAYS HE IS COUNTING ON THE PRESENCE OF NATO TROOPS AND OTHER ARMED FORCES ACTING UNDER NATO'S COMMAND. HE SPOKE THROUGH A TRANSLATOR.

    /// JETON ACT (TRANSLATOR'S VOICE) ///

    HE SAID SOON THE PERIOD OF TIME REQUIRED TO TURN BACK WILL BE A SHORT ONE, AS SOON AS WE SEE THAT NATO AND K-FOR (KOSOVO PEACE FORCE) WILL BE PRESENT AND MAKE IT SAFE.

    /// END ACT ///

    THOUSANDS OF REFUGEES AT THIS CAMP ARE WAITING FOR WORD OF NEW DEVELOPMENTS. THEY GATHER IN LARGE GROUPS AROUND TELEVISIONS AND RADIOS TO HEAR HOW EVENTS ARE PROGRESSING IN KOSOVO.

    DESPITE THE DIFFICULT LIVING CONDITIONS IN THE CAMP, MANY SAY THEY WILL NOT RETURN TO KOSOVO UNTIL THEY KNOW THEIR FAMILIES WILL BE SAFE.

    HUMANITARIAN AID OFFICIALS WARN THAT COULD BE AT LEAST ONE MONTH OR MORE. THEY SAY THE PREPARATIONS FOR THE REFUGEES' RETURN WILL BE AN ENORMOUS UNDERTAKING. IT INVOLVES THE CLEARING OF THOUSANDS OF MINES AND UNEXPLODED ORDNANCE, AS WELL RE-ESTABLISHING WATER AND FOOD SUPPLIES, GAS AND ELECTRICITY TO HUNDREDS OF TOWN AND VILLAGES. (SIGNED)
    NEB/AB/PCF/KL
    10-Jun-99 9:32 AM EDT (1332 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [18] KOSOVO REFUGEE REACTION (L-ONLY) BY AMY BICKERS (TIRANA)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250463
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: ETHNIC ALBANIAN REFUGEES SAY THEY ARE CAUTIOUSLY OPTIMISTIC ABOUT THE MILITARY ACCORD BETWEEN NATO AND YUGOSLAVIA. AS AMY BICKERS REPORTS FROM TIRANA, THE REFUGEES ARE EAGER FOR THE WITHDRAWAL OF SERB FORCES FROM KOSOVO, AND SAY THEY WANT TO RETURN HOME ONCE THEIR SAFETY IS ASSURED.

    TEXT: SIXTY-FOUR YEAR OLD MUHARRAM, A KOSOVAR REFUGEE AT A CAMP IN THE ALBANIAN CAPITAL, IS READING THE NEWSPAPER AND SMILING BROADLY AT THE HEADLINES. THEY HERALD THE MILITARY PACT SIGNED BY NATO AND YUGOSLAV GENERALS LATE WEDNESDAY.

    MUHARRAM SAYS THROUGH A TRANSLATOR THAT HE AND HIS FRIENDS AT THE CAMP ARE HOPEFUL THAT THE DEAL REPRESENTS A RAPID ENDING OF THE 11-WEEK CONFLICT IN WHICH CLOSE TO A MILLION ETHNIC ALBANIANS WERE FORCED FROM THEIR HOMES AND THOUSANDS WERE INJURED OR KILLED.

    /// MUHARRAM ACT (TRANSLATOR'S VOICE) ///

    HE IS SAYING HE WAS GLAD, AND THEY ALL HEARD THE NEWS WITH A SENSE OF HAPPINESS WHEN THEY HEARD THE AGREEMENT WAS ACCEPTED BY YUGOSLAVIA. THEY SAID ALSO THEY ARE WISHING TO HAVE MORE GOOD SIGNS AND WANT TO SEE THE SERB'S FORCES LEAVE KOSOVO.

    /// END ACT ///

    WHILE THE MOOD AT THE CAMP IS GENERALLY UPBEAT, HAKI, A 42-YEAR OLD REFUGEE FROM THE TOWN OF PEA (PRON: PAY-AH), STILL HAS DOUBTS. THROUGH A TRANSLATOR, HE SAYS HE WILL REGAIN HIS CONFIDENCE ONLY AFTER THE SERB MILITARY TROOPS, PARAMILITARIES AND POLICE HAVE LEFT KOSOVO.

    /// HAKI ACT (TRANSLATOR'S VOICE) ///

    HE IS SAYING FOR SURE IT WAS A HAPPY MOMENT FOR US TO LEARN ABOUT THE AGREEMENT BUT THE ATROCITIES WE SAW WERE MADE BY MILOSEVIC. AND EVERYTHING WE HAVE SUFFERED FROM HIM MAKES US NOT TRUST WHAT HE SAYS, SO WE WILL HAVE TO SEE HOW THINGS ROLL FORWARD.

    /// END ACT ///

    //OPT//

    NADIRA, A MOTHER OF THREE FROM THE TOWN OF PRIZREN, SAYS SHE HOPES TO LEAVE THE CAMP AS SOON AS HUMANITARIAN AID ORGANIZATIONS DECLARE IT IS SAFE TO GO BACK. SPEAKING THROUGH A TRANSLATOR, SHE SAYS HER FAMILY HAS BEEN LIVING IN A TENT FOR MORE THAN TWO MONTHS WITH LIMITED ACCESS TO WATER AND NO ELECTRICITY.

    /// NADIRA ACT (TRANSLATORS VOICE) ///

    THEY SAY THAT WITHIN ONE MONTH'S TIME THEY ARE PLANNING TO TURN BACK, THEY SAY IT IS TOO HOT AND THEY LACK GOOD CONDITIONS SO IT IS HARD FOR THEM TO STAY HERE.

    /// END ACT /////END OPT//

    LIKE MANY REFUGEES, JETON (PRON: YETON), FROM GJAKOVA (PRON: JAKOVA), SAYS HE IS COUNTING ON THE PRESENCE OF NATO TROOPS AND OTHER ARMED FORCES ACTING UNDER NATO'S COMMAND. HE SPOKE THROUGH A TRANSLATOR.

    /// JETON ACT (TRANSLATOR'S VOICE) ///

    HE SAID SOON THE PERIOD OF TIME REQUIRED TO TURN BACK WILL BE A SHORT ONE, AS SOON AS WE SEE THAT NATO AND K-FOR (KOSOVO PEACE FORCE) WILL BE PRESENT AND MAKE IT SAFE.

    /// END ACT ///

    THOUSANDS OF REFUGEES AT THIS CAMP ARE WAITING FOR WORD OF NEW DEVELOPMENTS. THEY GATHER IN LARGE GROUPS AROUND TELEVISIONS AND RADIOS TO HEAR HOW EVENTS ARE PROGRESSING IN KOSOVO.

    DESPITE THE DIFFICULT LIVING CONDITIONS IN THE CAMP, MANY SAY THEY WILL NOT RETURN TO KOSOVO UNTIL THEY KNOW THEIR FAMILIES WILL BE SAFE.

    HUMANITARIAN AID OFFICIALS WARN THAT COULD BE AT LEAST ONE MONTH OR MORE. THEY SAY THE PREPARATIONS FOR THE REFUGEES' RETURN WILL BE AN ENORMOUS UNDERTAKING. IT INVOLVES THE CLEARING OF THOUSANDS OF MINES AND UNEXPLODED ORDNANCE, AS WELL RE-ESTABLISHING WATER AND FOOD SUPPLIES, GAS AND ELECTRICITY TO HUNDREDS OF TOWN AND VILLAGES. (SIGNED)
    NEB/AB/PCF/KL
    10-Jun-99 9:32 AM EDT (1332 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [19] KOSOVO REFUGEE RISKS (L-ONLY) BY AMY BICKERS (TIRANA)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250480
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: WITH THE YUGOSLAV ARMY BEGINNING ITS WITHDRAWAL FROM KOSOVO, THE 50-THOUSAND STRONG NATO-LED PEACEKEEPING FORCE IS PREPARING TO ENTER / IS ENTERING THE PROVINCE. THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSION FOR REFUGEES IS LAYING PLANS FOR THE RETURN OF NEARLY ONE MILLION KOSOVAR REFUGEES. AMY BICKERS REPORTS FROM TIRANA THAT THE U-N-H-C-R IS LAUNCHING AN INFORMATION CAMPAIGN TO EXPLAIN THE RISKS INVOLVED IN RETURNING TOO QUICKLY.

    TEXT: ETHNIC ALBANIAN REFUGEES FROM KOSOVO ARE AWAITING THE ANSWER TO ONE QUESTION: WHEN WILL THEY BE ABLE TO RETURN HOME?

    ACCORDING TO THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSION FOR REFUGEES, THAT DECISION WILL BE MADE BY THE REFUGEES THEMSELVES.

    ARIANNE QUENTIER, OF THE U-N-H-C-R, SAYS ONCE PEACEKEEPING FORCES ARE DEPLOYED AND THE REFUGEES' SECURITY IS GUARANTEED, THEY WILL CHOOSE WHEN TO GO BACK.

    /// QUENTIER ACT ///

    WE ARE NOT MAKING THE DECISION FOR THE REFUGEES. WE APPEAL TO THEIR COMMON SENSE. THEY WILL DECIDE IF THEY FEEL THE CONDITIONS ARE THERE FOR RETURN. WE DO NOT BELIEVE RIGHT NOW THE CONDITIONS ARE THERE. WE NEED TO NOW WHAT IS GOING ON IN KOSOVO, WE NEED TO HAVE THIS ASSESSMENT MISSION AND SEE WHICH AREAS ARE SUITABLE FOR RETURN AND WHICH AREAS ARE NOT SUITABLE FOR RETURN.

    /// END ACT ///

    THE U-N-H-C-R IS SURVEYING REFUGEES SO IT CAN PLAN FOR THEIR RETURN. MS. QUENTIER SAYS MANY HEADS OF HOUSEHOLDS ARE PLANNING TO TRAVEL BACK TO KOSOVO AHEAD OF THEIR FAMILIES TO CHECK ON THE CONDITIONS OF THEIR HOMES.

    IN ADDITION, THE U-N-H-C-R IS LAUNCHING AN INFORMATION CAMPAIGN TO EXPLAIN THE RISKS IN RETURNING PREMATURELY. THEY INCLUDE LANDMINES, UNEXPLODED BOMBS, DESTROYED ROADS AND BRIDGES AND A CONTAMINATED WATER SUPPLY.

    THE U-N-H-C-R IS ALSO PLANNING A REGISTRATION DRIVE, SO THAT EVERY REFUGEE WILL BE ABLE TO RECEIVE HUMANITARIAN AID. THE PROCESS IS CRUCIAL SINCE SERB FORCES CONFISCATED THE IDENTITY DOCUMENTS OF MANY ETHNIC ALBANIANS WHEN THEY WERE FORCED OUT OF KOSOVO.

    ROBERT FROWICK, U-S CHARGE D'AFFAIRS IN TIRANA, VOICED HIS CONCERNS THURSDAY OVER A STAMPEDE BACK TO KOSOVO.

    /// FROWICK ACT ///

    WE HAVE UNDERWAY A HIGHLY COMPLEX PROCESS THAT IS GOING TO TAKE SOME TIME. /// OPT /// IT IS A PROCESS BASED SQUARELY ON NATO'S FIVE POINTS. THERE FIRST HAS TO BE A STOP TO THE VIOLENCE AND THE REPRESSION IN KOSOVO. AND THERE MUST BE A VERIFIABLE WITHDRAWAL OF ALL SERB MILITARY, POLICE AND PARAMILITARY FORCES. THEN THE ENTRY OF THE INTERNATIONAL SECURITY FORCE WITH NATO AT ITS CORE TO BRING STABILITY TO KOSOVO. /// END OPT /// THERE ARE MANY DANGERS AS YOU WELL KNOW THAT WILL HAVE TO BE ADDRESSED WHEN THAT INTERNATIONAL SECURITY PRESENCE ESTABLISHES ITSELF. IT WILL HAVE TO BE SAFE FOR THE REFUGEES TO RETURN.

    /// END ACT ///

    WHILE HUMANITARIAN AID ORGANIZATIONS ARE BUSY PREPARING CONVOYS OF FOOD AID AND MEDICINE TO GO IN TO KOSOVO BEHIND THE PEACEKEEPING FORCES, PLANS TO PREPARE THE REFUGEE CAMPS FOR WINTER ARE UNDERWAY AS WELL. AID OFFICIALS SAY SOME REFUGEES WILL REMAIN IN CAMPS AND WITH HOST FAMILIES FOR THE FORESEEABLE FUTURE, AND THE FACILITIES MUST BE READY WHEN THE COLD WEATHER COMES. (SIGNED)
    NEB/AB/GE
    10-Jun-99 1:58 PM EDT (1758 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [20] KOSOVO/WARCRIMES (L-ONLY) BY JIM RANDLE (PENTAGON)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250444
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: PENTAGON OFFICIALS SAY NEW AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS SHOW YUGOSLAV FORCES HAVE DESTROYED EVIDENCE OF WAR CRIMES IN THE SERB PROVINCE OF KOSOVO. V-O-A'S JIM RANDLE REPORTS.

    TEXT: PENTAGON SPOKESMAN KEN BACON SAYS BACK IN APRIL THERE WERE REPORTS FROM REFUGEES ACCUSING SERB FORCES OF NUMEROUS KILLINGS IN A SMALL KOSOVAR VILLAGE CALLED IZBICA (EE-BEET-SAH).

    A VIDEOTAPE MADE BY A REFUGEE AND SMUGGLED OUT OF KOSOVO SHOWED MORE THAN ONE HUNDRED BODIES LYING ON THE GROUND IN THE AREA. THE GRIM PICTURES WERE WIDELY SHOWN ON AMERICAN TELEVISION.

    SPY PLANE PHOTOGRAPHS OF THE SAME AREA SHOWED SCORES OF MASS GRAVES.

    MR. BACON SAYS REFUGEE REPORTS NOW SAY SERB FORCES DUG UP THE CORPSES AND HAULED THEM AWAY TO BE BURNED, WHILE THE SERBS USED EARTH MOVING EQUIPMENT TO COVER UP THE NOW-EMPTY GRAVES.

    /// BACON ACT ///

    ON JUNE 3RD, THIS SECOND PICTURE SHOWS WHAT APPEARS TO HAVE BEEN A BULLDOZING (USE OF HEAVY MACHINERY TO COVER THE AREA WITH DIRT) OVER THIS AREA. THAT'S WHAT THIS BLACK SPLOTCH IS OVER HERE.

    /// END ACT ///

    MR. BACON SAYS IT ALL APPEARS TO BE AN ATTEMPT TO ERASE, DESTROY OR HIDE EVIDENCE OF SERB ATROCITIES IN KOSOVO. (SIGNED)
    NEB/JR/WFR
    09-Jun-99 8:18 PM EDT (0018 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [21] N-Y ECON WRAP (S & L) BY BRECK ARDERY (NEW YORK)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250491
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: STOCK PRICES IN THE UNITED STATES WERE DOWN TODAY (THURSDAY) AMID CONTINUED CONCERN ABOUT HIGHER INFLATION AND HIGHER INTEREST RATES. VOA BUSINESS CORRESPONDENT BRECK ARDERY REPORTS FROM NEW YORK.

    TEXT: THE DOW JONES INDUSTRIAL AVERAGE CLOSED AT 10-THOUSAND-621, DOWN 69 POINTS. THE STANDARD AND POOR'S 500 INDEX CLOSED AT 13-HUNDRED-TWO, DOWN 15 POINTS. THE NASDAQ INDEX LOST ONE AND ONE-HALF PERCENT.

    INFLATION FEARS GRIPPED WALL STREET AGAIN AND MANY TRADERS WERE RELUCTANT TO MAKE NEW COMMITMENTS IN ADVANCE OF THE THE LATEST U-S WHOLESALE PRICE INDEX, WHICH WILL BE RELEASED FRIDAY.

    A GOVERNOR OF THE U-S CENTRAL BANK SAID FORCES WHICH HAVE KEPT INFLATION LOW MAY NOW BE REVERSING. ROGER FERGUSON WARNED THAT THE CENTRAL BANK WILL MOVE SWIFTLY TO HEAD OFF INFLATION. THAT WOULD MEAN HIGHER SHORT-TERM INTEREST RATES.

    // BEGIN OPT //

    STEVEN FRANK OF THE W-N FRANK INVESTMENT COMPANY SAYS STOCKS HAVE BEEN FOLLOWING THE BOND MARKET DOWN.

    // FRANK ACT //

    THE STOCK MARKET HAS REALLY BEEN TAKING ITS CUES FROM THE BOND MARKET. YESTERDAY, THE 30-YEAR U-S TREASURY BOND CROSSED THE SIX PERCENT YIELD MARK AND I THINK THAT WAS A PSYCHOLOGICALLY IMPORTANT ONE NOT ONLY FOR THE FIXED-INCOME MARKET BUT ALSO HERE IN THE EQUITY (STOCK) MARKET AS WELL.

    // END ACT //

    // END OPT //

    A COMPUTER-CHIP INDUSTRY TRADE GROUP SAYS WORLDWIDE SALES OF SEMICONDUCTORS ROSE MORE THAN SEVEN PERCENT IN APRIL, WITH THE STRONGEST GROWTH COMING FROM ASIA.

    // REST OPT //

    A POSSIBLE STRIKE AT NORTHWEST AIRLINES WAS AVERTED WITH A TENTATIVE AGREEMENT WITH THE CARRIER'S FLIGHT ATTENDANTS UNION.

    THE ASSOCIATION THAT REPRESENTS THE U-S AIRLINE INDUSTRY WAS SUPPOSED TO ANNOUNCE NEW VOLUNTARY POLICIES TO IMPROVE CUSTOMER SERVICE AND EASE THE FRUSTRATIONS OF UNEXPECTED DELAYS. HOWEVER, THE ANNOUNCEMENT WAS DELAYED AFTER MEMBERS OF CONGRESS REFUSED TO ABANDON PROPOSED LEGISLATION DESIGNED TO FORCE BETTER TREATMENT OF AIRLINE PASSENGERS.

    THE RALSTON PURINA COMPANY HAS APPARENTLY DECIDED THAT PET FOOD AND BATTERIES HAVE LITTLE IN COMMON. RALSTON ANNOUNCED THAT IT WILL SPIN OFF ITS EVEREADY BATTERY UNIT INTO A SEPARATE COMPANY. THE "ISLAND E-C-N" COMPANY HAS RECEIVED A 25 MILLION DOLLAR INVESTMENT FROM PAUL ALLEN, CO-FOUNDER OF THE MICROSOFT CORPORATION. ISLAND WILL USE THE MONEY TO EXPAND ITS ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK WHICH IS USED FOR STOCK TRADING. SUCH COMPANIES COMPETE WITH STOCK EXCHANGES BY ELECTRONICALLY MATCHING BUY AND SELL ORDERS.

    THE FORMER CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER OF AN EQUIPMENT LEASING FIRM HAS BEEN FOUND GUILTY OF OPERATING ONE OF THE LARGEST FINANCIAL FRAUDS IN U-S HISTORY. PATRICK BENNETT WAS CONVICTED ON CHARGES THAT HE BILKED 10 THOUSAND INVESTORS OUT OF 700 MILLION DOLLARS IN PHONY INVESTMENT SCHEMES. (SIGNED) NEB/NY/BA/LSF/GM
    10-Jun-99 5:07 PM EDT (2107 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [22] NATO / KOSOVO (L) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250471
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: NATO HAS SUSPENDED ITS 10-WEEK CAMPAIGN OF AIR STRIKES AGAINST YUGOSLAVIA. V-O-A CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM NATO HEADQUARTERS (IN BRUSSELS) THAT THE AIR STRIKES ACHIEVED THEIR MISSION.

    TEXT: THEY STARTED SLOW BECAUSE OF BAD WEATHER, AND THE NEED TO WEAKEN YUGOSLAVIA'S AIR DEFENSES. THERE WERE MISTAKES, INCLUDING THE BOMBING OF THE CHINESE EMBASSY IN BELGRADE AND THE ATTACKS AGAINST CONVOYS OF KOSOVAR ALBANIAN REFUGEES. AFTER 78 DAYS OF SOMETIMES PUNISHING BOMBING RAIDS, SECRETARY GENERAL JAVIER SOLANA COULD ANNOUNCE THAT NATO AIR POWER ACHIEVED ITS GOALS.

    /// FIRST SOLANA ACT ///

    I CAN ANNOUNCE THAT TODAY THAT [YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN] MILOSEVIC HAS COMPLIED WITH THE FIVE CONDITIONS THAT THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY HAS PLACED. AND THEREFORE, A FEW MINUTES AGO, I INSTRUCTED GENERAL [WESLEY] CLARK TO SUSPEND NATO'S AIR OPERATIONS AGAINST YUGOSLAVIA.

    /// END ACT ///

    YUGOSLAV FORCES STARTED PULLING THEIR SOLDIERS AND HEAVY EQUIPMENT OUT OF KOSOVO'S REGIONAL CAPITAL OF PRISTINA AROUND MID-DAY THURSDAY. AT ABOUT THE SAME TIME, YUGOSLAV TROOPS IN NORTHERN KOSOVO STARTED MOVING TOWARD SERBIA.

    MR. SOLANA SAYS THAT ACTION WAS ENOUGH TO PAUSE NATO'S AIR STRIKES.

    /// SECOND SOLANA ACT ///

    I HAVE TAKEN THIS DECISION FOLLOWING THE CONSULTATIONS WITH THE NORTH ATLANTIC COUNCIL, AND ALSO AFTER CONFIRMATION FROM GENERAL CLARK THAT THE FULL WITHDRAWAL OF THE YUGOSLAV SECURITY FORCES FROM KOSOVO HAS BEGUN.

    /// END ACT ///

    NATO OFFICIALS SAY YUGOSLAV SHELLING OF THE KOSOVO LIBERATION ARMY ON THE ALBANIAN BORDER IN SOUTHWEST KOSOVO ALSO DIMINISHED THURSDAY, INDICATING A CEASE-FIRE WAS BEGINNING TO BE OBSERVED.

    WHILE THE SUSPENSION OF NATO AIR STRIKES IS OFFICIAL, AND ALLOWS THE KOSOVO RESOLUTION TO BE APPROVED IN THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL, THE PAUSE ACTUALLY WENT INTO EFFECT ON WEDNESDAY EVENING. NATO PLANES BOMBED SERBIAN ARMOR IN KOSOVO, BUT THEN LIMITED THEIR FLIGHTS TO VERIFICATION OF THE SERB WITHDRAWAL.

    NATO HAS SAID ANY VIOLATION OF THE TECHNICAL AGREEMENT WITH YUGOSLAVIA WILL MEAN A RESUMPTION OF AIR STRIKES. MR. SOLANA SAYS NATO IS READY TO TAKE WHAT EVER ACTION IS REQUIRED.

    /// THIRD SOLANA ACT ///

    LET ME STRESS AT THIS MOMENT, THAT I WOULD URGE ALL PARTIES TO THE CONFLICT TO SEIZE THIS OPPORTUNITY FOR PEACE. I CALL ON THEM TO COMPLY WITH THEIR OBLIGATIONS UNDER THE AGREEMENTS THAT HAVE BEEN CONCLUDED IN THESE PAST DAYS, AND WITH ALL THE RELEVANT U-N SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTIONS. THE VIOLENCE MUST CEASE IMMEDIATELY. THE YUGOSLAV SECURITY FORCES MUST WITHDRAW, AND ALL ARMED KOSOVAR GROUPS MUST DE-MILITARIZE. VIOLENCE OR NON-COMPLIANCE BY ANY PARTY WILL NOT BE TOLERATED.

    /// END ACT ///

    NATO PEACEKEEPERS -- SOME 18-THOUSAND-FIVE-HUNDRED IN MACEDONIA ALONE -- ARE READY TO MOVE INTO KOSOVO IN THE NEXT FEW DAYS. THE FIRST UNITS ARE EXPECTED THERE BY FRIDAY. THEY WILL BE PREPARED TO DEAL WITH ANY CHALLENGES PRESENTED BY KOSOVO'S SERBS OR ALBANIANS. (SIGNED)
    NEB/RP/GE/WTW
    10-Jun-99 11:06 AM EDT (1506 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [23] NATO / KOSOVO, UPDATE (S) BY RON PEMSTEIN (GENEVA)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250470
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    ///// UPDATES CR 2-250461. /////

    INTRO: NATO HAS SUSPENDED ITS TWO-AND-ONE-HALF MONTHS OF AIR STRIKES AGAINST YUGOSLAVIA. CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM NATO HEADQUARTERS IN BRUSSELS THAT NATO PEACEKEEPERS ARE WAITING FOR THE WORD TO MOVE INTO KOSOVO.

    TEXT: THE YUGOSLAV FORCES BEGAN LEAVING NORTHERN KOSOVO AND THE REGIONAL CAPITAL PRISTINA AT MIDDAY. THREE HOURS LATER, NATO SECRETARY GENERAL JAVIER SOLANA OFFICIALLY SUSPENDED THE AIR STRIKES.

    /// SOLANA ACT ///

    I HAVE TAKEN THIS DECISION FOLLOWING CONSULTATIONS WITH THE NORTH ATLANTIC COUNCIL AND ALSO AFTER CONFIRMATION FROM GENERAL (WESLEY) CLARK THAT THE FULL WITHDRAWAL OF THE YUGOSLAV SECURITY FORCES FROM KOSOVO HAS BEGUN.

    /// END ACT ///

    MR. SOLANA ALSO INFORMED THE U-N SECURITY COUNCIL OF THE SUSPENSION OF NATO AIR STRIKES. WHEN THE KOSOVO RESOLUTION IS PASSED, NATO PEACEKEEPERS WILL BE ORDERED FROM MACEDONIA INTO KOSOVO. FIRST UNITS ARE EXPECTED THERE EARLY FRIDAY. WHILE MR. SOLANA'S ACTION WAS FORMAL, NATO AIR STRIKES ACTUALLY ENDED WEDNESDAY. (SIGNED)
    NEB/RP/GE/RAE
    10-Jun-99 10:55 AM EDT (1455 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [24] NATO KOSOVO OVERNIGHTER (L) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250445
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: NATO IS READY TO SUSPEND AIR STRIKES OVER YUGOSLAVIA TODAY IN ANTICIPATION OF THE FIRST SIGNS OF A YUGOSLAV TROOP WITHDRAWAL FROM NORTHERN KOSOVO. RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM NATO HEADQUARTERS,NATO TROOPS ARE READY TO MOVE INTO KOSOVO.

    TEXT: ON THE 79TH DAY OF NATO AIR STRIKES AGAINST YUGOSLAVIA, IT IS TIME FOR THE ALLIANCE TO REST. NATO SECRETARY GENERAL JAVIER SOLANA SAYS IT IS TIME TO CELEBRATE.

    ///SOLANA ACT///

    I'M VERY HAPPY TODAY. I THINK TODAY IS A GREAT DAY. IT'S A GREAT DAY FOR THE ALLIANCE BUT MUCH MORE IMPORTANTLY, IT'S GREAT DAY FOR THE CAUSE OF JUSTICE FOR THE PEOPLE OF KOSOVO.

    ///END ACT///

    MR. SOLANA IS POISED TO ORDER NATO'S MILITARY COMMANDER, GENERAL WESLEY CLARK, TO CALL A PAUSE IN THE AIR STRIKES.

    ///SOLANA ACT///

    AS SOON AS GENERAL CLARK, SACEUR, (SUPREME EUROPEAN COMMANDER) HAS CONFIRMED THE WITHDRAWAL HAS BEGUN, I INTEND TO INSTRUCT HIM TO SUSPEND NATO AIR OPERATIONS.

    ///END ACT///

    THIS PAUSE WILL REMAIN IN EFFECT SO LONG AS THE YUGOSLAV FORCES ADHERE TO THE SCHEDULE WORKED OUT IN NEGOTIATIONS IN MACEDONIA THAT ENVISION THEIR COMPLETE WITHDRAWAL WITHIN 11 DAYS. IF ALL GOES WELL, NATO'S AIR STRIKES WILL BE CANCELED AT THE END OF THAT TIME. MORE IMMEDIATELY, THE SUSPENSION OF AIR STRIKES WILL SET OFF ANOTHER SERIES OF ACTIONS.

    THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL IS EXPECTED TO APPROVE THE KOSOVO RESOLUTION. THE RESOLUTION AUTHORIZES THE ENTRY OF NATO TROOPS INTO KOSOVO. THERE ARE MORE THAN 17 THOUSAND NATO TROOPS READY TO MOVE INTO KOSOVO FROM MACEDONIA PLUS ANOTHER EIGHT THOUSAND IN ALBANIA.

    THE NATO COUNCIL HAS APPROVED THE OPERATION PLAN FOR THE PEACEKEEPERS AND WILL GIVE THEM THE ORDER TO PROCEED JUST AS SOON AS THE SECURITY COUNCIL ACTS. AS NATO SPOKESMAN JAMIE SHEA PUTS IT, NATO WANTS TO REDUCE THE GAP BETWEEN THE LAST BOOT OF THE SERBIAN SOLDIERS AND THE FIRST BOOT OF THE NATO SOLDIER. WHEN THE PEACEKEEPERS ARE AT FULL STRENGTH THERE SHOULD BE NEARLY 50 THOUSAND OF THEM PATROLLING KOSOVO. (SIGNED)
    NEB/PT
    09-Jun-99 9:04 PM EDT (0104 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [25] NATO/KOSOVO (S) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250442
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: NATO IS READY TO SUSPEND AIR STRIKES TODAY JUST AS SOON AS NATO'S MILITARY COMMANDER CONFIRMS THAT YUGOSLAV FORCES HAVE BEGUN WITHDRAWING FROM NORTHERN KOSOVO. RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM NATO HEADQUARTERS.

    TEXT: NATO IS PRIMED TO SUSPEND ITS AIR OPERATIONS OVER YUGOSLAVIA. NATO AMBASSADORS HAVE ENDORSED THE AGREEMENT THAT SETS THE SCHEDULE FOR YUGOSLAV TROOPS TO LEAVE KOSOVO.

    NATO SECRETARY-GENERAL JAVIER SOLANA SAYS HE IS READY TO SUSPEND NATO'S AIR STRIKES ON THEIR 79TH DAY.

    ///SOLANA ACT///

    AS SOON AS GENERAL (WESLEY) CLARK -- SACEUR (EDS: ACRONYM FOR NATO MILITARY COMMANDER) -- HAS CONFIRMED THAT THIS WITHDRAWAL HAS BEGUN, I INTEND TO INSTRUCT HIM TO SUSPEND NATO AIR OPERATIONS.

    ///END ACT///

    THOSE AIR OPERATIONS HAVE ALREADY DIMINISHED IN ANTICIPATION OF THE WITHDRAWAL AGREEMENT. NATO'S SUSPENSION WILL CLEAR THE WAY FOR THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL TO APPROVE THE KOSOVO RESOLUTION. IN TURN, THE RESOLUTION WILL CLEAR THE WAY FOR NATO TROOPS TO ENTER KOSOVO. (SIGNED)
    NEB/RP/WFR
    09-Jun-99 8:03 PM EDT (0003 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [26] NATO/KOSOVO (S) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250442
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: NATO IS READY TO SUSPEND AIR STRIKES TODAY JUST AS SOON AS NATO'S MILITARY COMMANDER CONFIRMS THAT YUGOSLAV FORCES HAVE BEGUN WITHDRAWING FROM NORTHERN KOSOVO. RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM NATO HEADQUARTERS.

    TEXT: NATO IS PRIMED TO SUSPEND ITS AIR OPERATIONS OVER YUGOSLAVIA. NATO AMBASSADORS HAVE ENDORSED THE AGREEMENT THAT SETS THE SCHEDULE FOR YUGOSLAV TROOPS TO LEAVE KOSOVO.

    NATO SECRETARY-GENERAL JAVIER SOLANA SAYS HE IS READY TO SUSPEND NATO'S AIR STRIKES ON THEIR 79TH DAY.

    ///SOLANA ACT///

    AS SOON AS GENERAL (WESLEY) CLARK -- SACEUR (EDS: ACRONYM FOR NATO MILITARY COMMANDER) -- HAS CONFIRMED THAT THIS WITHDRAWAL HAS BEGUN, I INTEND TO INSTRUCT HIM TO SUSPEND NATO AIR OPERATIONS.

    ///END ACT///

    THOSE AIR OPERATIONS HAVE ALREADY DIMINISHED IN ANTICIPATION OF THE WITHDRAWAL AGREEMENT. NATO'S SUSPENSION WILL CLEAR THE WAY FOR THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL TO APPROVE THE KOSOVO RESOLUTION. IN TURN, THE RESOLUTION WILL CLEAR THE WAY FOR NATO TROOPS TO ENTER KOSOVO. (SIGNED)
    NEB/RP/WFR
    09-Jun-99 8:03 PM EDT (0003 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [27] POLAND/POPE KOSOVO (L-ONLY) BY EVE CONANT (SIEDLCE, POLAND)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250477
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE VATICAN HAS ANNOUNCED ITS SATISFACTION AND SUPPORT OF THE KOSOVO PEACE PLAN. V-O-A'S EVE CONANT REPORTS FROM THE EASTERN POLISH CITY OF SIEDLCE (SHED'-EL-TSE) WHERE POPE JOHN PAUL THE SECOND HELD A MASS WITH CATHOLIC POLES AND GREEK ORTHODOX FAITHFUL IN A SHOW OF RELIGIOUS UNITY.

    TEXT: AFTER DAYS OF STRESSING THE NEED FOR UNITY IN THE FACE OF CURRENT CONFLICTS, THE VATICAN EXPRESSED ITS OFFICIAL SATISFACTION WITH THE PLAN FOR PEACE IN KOSOVO. VATICAN SPOKESMAN JOAQUIN NAVARRO-VALLS TOLD REPORTERS IN SIEDLCE THAT COUNTRIES MUST NOW WORK TOGETHER TO ENSURE THAT PEACE.

    /// ACT NAVARRO-VALLS IN ITALIAN IN FULL AND FADE UNDER ///

    HE SAYS, NOW EUROPE MUST TAKE PART IN THE RECONSTRUCTION OF THE DEMOCRATIC, SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC LIFE IN THE BALKAN REGION.

    THE VATICAN HAD BEEN CRITICAL OF BOTH THE NATO AIR STRIKES AND THE SERB REPRESSION OF KOSOVAR ALBANIANS, AND THE POPE HAD REPEATEDLY CALLED FOR AN END TO VIOLENCE IN YUGOSLAVIA.

    BUT THE MAIN POINT OF THE PAPAL VISIT TO SIEDLCE WAS TO EMPHASIZE CHRISTIAN UNITY TO THE ESTIMATED 400-THOUSAND WHO GATHERED IN A FIELD IN THIS AGRICULTURAL REGION.

    /// BRING UP NAT SOUND SINGING AND SERVICE ///

    POPE JOHN PAUL USED THE SERVICE TO REACH OUT TO CATHOLIC POLES AS WELL AS GREEK ORTHODOX BELIEVERS FROM FORMER SOVIET BLOC COUNTRIES.

    ///ACT POPE JOHN PAUL IN POLISH IN FULL AND FADE UNDER///

    HE SAYS, I GREET THE PILGRIMS FROM ALL OVER POLAND, AS WELL AS BELARUS, LITHUANIA, UKRAINE AND RUSSIA.

    BEFORE HIS SERVICE, THE VISIBLY FRAIL POPE WAS DRIVEN THROUGH THE CROWD IN A PROTECTED VEHICLE.

    ///NAT SOUND SHOUTING AND CHEERING///

    THE CROWD SHOUTS OUT, "LONG LIVE THE POPE," AS THE 79 YEAR OLD PONTIFF WAVES TO THEM.

    JOLANTA UKLEJA (JO-LAN'-TA OO-KLE'-YA) SAYS THIS IS HER FIRST TIME SEEING THE POPE IN PERSON.

    ///ACT UKLEJA IN POLISH IN FULL AND FADE UNDER///

    WE KNOW HE'S BEEN STRONG ON THIS PILGRIMAGE SO FAR, SHE SAYS. WE HOPE AND PRAY THIS WILL CONTINUE.

    DURING HIS SPEECH, THE POPE REMINDED YOUTH GROUPS OF THE SUFFERING THEIR PARENTS ENDURED UNDER THE ATHEIST AND REPRESSIVE COMMUNIST REGIME, WHICH WAS DEFEATED TEN YEARS AGO.

    /// MORE NAT SOUND SERVICE AGAIN ///

    BUT HERE, INSTEAD OF SECRECY AND PERSECUTIONS, BELIEVERS SANG HYMNS AND WAVED YELLOW FLAGS. THEIR NUMBERS HAVE ADDED TO THE MORE THAN TWO-MILLION PEOPLE WHO HAVE ALREADY FLOCKED TO PAPAL MASSES SINCE THE POPE BEGAN HIS NOSTALGIC TRIP HOME.

    ///REST OPT///

    IN THE CAPITAL WARSAW, PEOPLE ARE ALREADY PREPARING FOR HIS ARRIVAL LATE THURSDAY. THE POPE WILL MEET WITH PARLIAMENTARIANS AS WELL AS THE POLISH PRESIDENT BEFORE HOLDING MASS THIS SUNDAY. OVER ONE-MILLION PEOPLE ARE EXPECTED TO ATTEND. (SIGNED)
    NEB/EC/GE
    10-Jun-99 12:59 PM EDT (1659 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [28] RUSSIA / U-S / KOSOVO (S) BY PETER HEINLEIN (MOSCOW)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250451
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: U-S DEPUTY SECRETARY OF STATE STROBE TALBOTT IS IN MOSCOW FOR TALKS ON RUSSIA'S ROLE IN A PLANNED KOSOVO PEACEKEEPING FORCE. VOA MOSCOW CORRESPONDENT PETER HEINLEIN REPORTS MR. TALBOTT HAS RULED-OUT THE IDEA OF A SEPARATE SECTOR FOR RUSSIAN PEACEKEEPER TROOPS.

    TEXT: THE DEPUTY SECRETARY OF STATE EXPRESSED HOPE THURSDAY THAT RUSSIA WOULD JOIN THE FORCE OVERSEEING THE RETURN OF REFUGEES TO KOSOVO. BUT WHEN ASKED IF IT WOULD BE POSSIBLE FOR RUSSIA TO MAINTAIN ITS TROOPS OUTSIDE THE NATO-LED COMMAND STRUCTURE, HE SAID "THE SHORT ANSWER IS NO."

    MR. TALBOTT ARRIVED HERE FOR WHAT ARE CALLED "COMMAND ARRANGEMENT TALKS" BETWEEN NATO AND RUSSIAN GENERALS. RUSSIA HAS MADE CLEAR IT WILL NOT PLACE TROOPS UNDER NATO ALLIANCE COMMAND.

    BUT THE DEPUTY SECRETARY TOLD REPORTERS NATO FEELS VERY STRONGLY THAT A UNITY OF COMMAND IS IMPORTANT. HE SAID HE BELIEVES RUSSIA AGREES WITH THAT CONCEPT.

    MR. TALBOTT SAID HE ENVISIONS A COMPROMISE THAT WOULD ALLOW A DIVISION OF LABOR, BUT NOTHING RESEMBLING A PARTITION OF KOSOVO INTO DIFFERENT SECTORS.

    IN ADDITION TO OVERSEEING THE COMMAND ARRANGEMENT TALKS, MR. TALBOTT WILL MEET DURING THE DAY (THURSDAY) WITH RUSSIA'S BALKANS ENVOY, VICTOR CHERNOMYRDIN. (SIGNED)
    NEB/PFH/PCF
    10-Jun-99 4:18 AM EDT (0818 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [29] RUSSIA / U-S / KOSOVO (S) BY PETER HEINLEIN (MOSCOW)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250451
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: U-S DEPUTY SECRETARY OF STATE STROBE TALBOTT IS IN MOSCOW FOR TALKS ON RUSSIA'S ROLE IN A PLANNED KOSOVO PEACEKEEPING FORCE. VOA MOSCOW CORRESPONDENT PETER HEINLEIN REPORTS MR. TALBOTT HAS RULED-OUT THE IDEA OF A SEPARATE SECTOR FOR RUSSIAN PEACEKEEPER TROOPS.

    TEXT: THE DEPUTY SECRETARY OF STATE EXPRESSED HOPE THURSDAY THAT RUSSIA WOULD JOIN THE FORCE OVERSEEING THE RETURN OF REFUGEES TO KOSOVO. BUT WHEN ASKED IF IT WOULD BE POSSIBLE FOR RUSSIA TO MAINTAIN ITS TROOPS OUTSIDE THE NATO-LED COMMAND STRUCTURE, HE SAID "THE SHORT ANSWER IS NO."

    MR. TALBOTT ARRIVED HERE FOR WHAT ARE CALLED "COMMAND ARRANGEMENT TALKS" BETWEEN NATO AND RUSSIAN GENERALS. RUSSIA HAS MADE CLEAR IT WILL NOT PLACE TROOPS UNDER NATO ALLIANCE COMMAND.

    BUT THE DEPUTY SECRETARY TOLD REPORTERS NATO FEELS VERY STRONGLY THAT A UNITY OF COMMAND IS IMPORTANT. HE SAID HE BELIEVES RUSSIA AGREES WITH THAT CONCEPT.

    MR. TALBOTT SAID HE ENVISIONS A COMPROMISE THAT WOULD ALLOW A DIVISION OF LABOR, BUT NOTHING RESEMBLING A PARTITION OF KOSOVO INTO DIFFERENT SECTORS.

    IN ADDITION TO OVERSEEING THE COMMAND ARRANGEMENT TALKS, MR. TALBOTT WILL MEET DURING THE DAY (THURSDAY) WITH RUSSIA'S BALKANS ENVOY, VICTOR CHERNOMYRDIN. (SIGNED)
    NEB/PFH/PCF
    10-Jun-99 4:18 AM EDT (0818 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [30] RUSSIA/U-S KOSOVO WRAP (L ONLY) BY PETER HEINLEIN (MOSCOW)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250495
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: RUSSIAN PRESIDENT BORIS YELTSIN HAS WELCOMED NATO'S DECISION TO SUSPEND ITS BOMBING CAMPAIGN AGAINST YUGOSLAVIA. BUT AS VOA'S PETER HEINLEIN IN MOSCOW REPORTS, TENSIONS BETWEEN RUSSIA AND THE ALLIANCE CONTINUE TO SIMMER OVER THE ISSUE OF INTEGRATING RUSSIAN TROOPS INTO A KOSOVO PEACEKEEPING FORCE.

    TEXT: IN A WRITTEN STATEMENT, PRESIDENT YELTSIN SAYS HE CONSIDERS THE HALT IN NATO AIR STRIKES A GOOD FIRST STEP. HE ADDED, "A PAUSE IS GOOD, BUT NOT ENOUGH", AND CALLED FOR RENEWED MEDIATION EFFORTS TO HELP ENSURE A LASTING PEACE IN YUGOSLAVIA.

    THE RUSSIAN LEADER ALSO SPOKE BY TELEPHONE WITH PRESIDENT CLINTON. IT WAS THEIR THIRD PHONE CONVERSATION THIS WEEK. DIPLOMATIC SOURCES SAY MR. CLINTON INITIATED THE CALL, AND EXPRESSED HIS THANKS FOR RUSSIA'S MEDIATION EFFORTS. BUT WITH THE BOMBING CAMPAIGN STOPPED, THE FOCUS IS SHIFTING TO THE KOSOVO PEACEKEEPING FORCE, OR K-FOR.

    A SECOND DAY OF TOUGH TALKS IS EXPECTED FRIDAY IN MOSCOW ON THE CONTENTIOUS ISSUE OF HOW TO INCLUDE RUSSIAN TROOPS IN A FORCE THAT WILL HAVE A NATO COMMAND STRUCTURE. RUSSIA IS DEMANDING ITS TROOPS BE SEPARATE FROM NATO COMMAND. MILITARY OFFICIALS HERE HAVE FLOATED THE CONCEPT OF A SEPARATE SECTOR WHERE RUSSIAN TROOPS WOULD HAVE AUTHORITY. BUT DEPUTY SECRETARY OF STATE STROBE TALBOTT TOLD REPORTERS IN MOSCOW THERE CAN BE NO COMPROMISE ON THE UNIFIED COMMAND ISSUE.

    ///TALBOTT ACT///

    UNITY OF COMMAND IS ABSOLUTELY CRUCIAL. THE COMMANDER OF K-FOR SHOULD BE A NATO OFFICER...AND NATO AT THE CORE NEEDS TO MEAN, IF IT IS GOING TO MEAN ANYTHING AT ALL, THAT NATO IS GOING TO BE PRESENT AND PARTICIPATING IN ALL THE SECTORS, HOWEVER MANY SECTORS THERE ARE.

    ///END ACT///

    MR. TALBOTT SAID IT WOULD BE A MISTAKE TO GIVE IN ON TO RUSSIA ON THE COMMAND STRUCTURE ISSUE, BECAUSE, AS HE PUT IT "IF WE GET THIS WRONG, K-FOR ISN'T GOING TO WORK". BUT HE SUGGESTED THERE IS STILL ROOM FOR A SOLUTION THAT MEETS RUSSIA'S CONCERNS. THE DEPUTY SECRETARY ADMITTED, HOWEVER, THAT THE KOSOVO CRISIS HAD PLACED A TREMENDOUS STRAIN ON TIES BETWEEN MOSCOW AND WASHINGTON, AND BETWEEN MOSCOW AND NATO.

    ///2ND TALBOTT ACT///

    I THINK THAT IT'S BEEN THE SINGLE MOST SERIOUS TEST OF THOSE RELATIONSHIPS SINCE THE END OF THE COLD WAR, THE ARRIVAL ON THE SCENE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AS A DEMOCRATIC STATE, COMMITTED TO INTEGRATION WITH THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY. THE BIGGEST TEST.

    ///END ACT///

    BUT SECRETARY TALBOTT SAYS HE BELIEVES THE OUTCOME HAS BEEN ENCOURAGING FOR THE FUTURE OF THOSE CRITICAL RELATIONSHIPS.

    ///3RD TALBOTT ACT///

    WHAT HAS HAPPENED IN THE PAST WEEK, INCLUDING TODAY, IS THAT FOR THIS STAGE AT LEAST, U-S/RUSSIA RELATIONS AND NATO - RUSSIA RELATIONS HAVE PASSED THE TEST. THEY HAVE MANAGED TO VINDICATE THE PROPOSITION THAT THE COMMON INTEREST ARE SUFFICIENTLY POWERFUL THAT WE CAN MANAGE REALLY SERIOUS DISAGREEMENTS, AND BUILD STRUCTURES THAT CAN WORK.

    ///END ACT///

    MR. TALBOTT'S UPBEAT ASSESSMENT IS AT ODDS WITH A RESOLUTION PASSED THURSDAY BY RUSSIA'S HARDLINER-DOMINATED LOWER HOUSE OF PARLIAMENT. THE RESOLUTION CALLS ON PRESIDENT YELTSIN TO DISMISS BALKANS ENVOY VICTOR CHERNOMYRDIN FOR BETRAYING RUSSIA'S INTERESTS IN YUGOSLAVIA. THE RESOLUTION READS IN PART "THE DEFEAT OF A STRATEGIC ALLY HAS SHARPLY WORSENED RUSSIA'S GEOPOLITICAL POSITION AND CREATED A SERIOUS THREAT TO NATIONAL SECURITY." (SIGNED)
    NEB/PFH/PT
    10-Jun-99 5:30 PM EDT (2130 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [31] RUSSIA/U-S/KOSOVO (L UPDATE) BY PETER HEINLEIN (MOSCOW)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250468
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: TALKS ARE IN PROGRESS IN MOSCOW IN SEARCH OF A FORMULA FOR INCLUDING RUSSIA IN A KOSOVO PEACEKEEPING FORCE -- WITHOUT PLACING ITS TROOPS UNDER NATO COMMAND. VOA MOSCOW CORRESPONDENT PETER HEINLEIN REPORTS NATO COUNTRIES ARE INSISTING ON A UNIFIED CHAIN OF COMMAND, WHILE RUSSIA WANTS A SEPARATE ZONE OF RESPONSIBILITY.

    TEXT: RUSSIAN AND WESTERN MILITARY COMMANDERS SAT DOWN TOGETHER THURSDAY FOR TALKS ON RUSSIA'S ROLE IN A KOSOVO PEACE FORCE. THE HEAD OF THE RUSSIAN DELEGATION, GENERAL LEONID IVASHOV, SUGGESTED MOSCOW WANTS A SPECIAL ZONE IN WHICH RUSSIAN TROOPS WOULD PLAY A PRIMARY ROLE.

    BUT U-S DEPUTY SECRETARY OF STATE STROBE TALBOTT RULED OUT ANY FORMULA THAT WOULD RESULT IN A PARTITION OF KOSOVO INTO PEACEKEEPING SECTORS.

    ///TALBOTT ACT///

    WE FEEL VERY STRONGLY, AND I THINK OUR RUSSIAN COLLEAGUES AGREE THAT UNITY OF COMMAND IS VERY IMPORTANT, AND UNITY OF COMMAND MEANS ALL OF KOSOVO WILL BE UNDER ONE COMMAND ARRANGEMENT. THERE WILL BE SPECIFIC ARRANGEMENT FOR DIVISION OF LABOR WITHIN THAT -- BUT NOTHING THAT WOULD BEAR ANY RESEMBLANCE TO PARTITIONING OR DIVIDING KOSOVO UP INTO DIFFERENT NATIONAL SECTORS.

    ///END ACT///

    MR. TALBOTT INDICATED THE SEARCH FOR A COMPROMISE IS FOCUSING ON AN ARRANGEMENT SIMILAR TO THAT USED TO INCORPORATE RUSSIAN TROOPS INTO THE BOSNIA PEACE FORCE. BUT MILITARY ANALYSTS SAY THE KOSOVO ARRANGEMENT MAY BE EVEN LOOSER, GIVEN THE CURRENT STRAINED RELATIONS BETWEEN MOSCOW AND THE WESTERN ALLIANCE.

    ALSO THURSDAY, MR. TALBOTT MET RUSSIA'S BALKANS ENVOY VICTOR CHERNOMYRDIN. THE ENVOY HAS COME UNDER FIERCE CRITICISM AT HOME FOR HIS ROLE IN NEGOTIATING A KOSOVO PEACE DEAL.

    THE RUSSIAN DUMA, OR LOWER HOUSE OF PARLIAMENT PASSED A RESOLUTION THURSDAY URGING PRESIDENT BORIS YELTSIN TO FIRE MR. CHERNOMYRDIN. THE NON-BINDING RESOLUTION ACCUSES THE ENVOY OF BETRAYING RUSSIAN INTERESTS.

    BUT AFTER MEETING MR. CHERNOMYRDIN, DEPUTY SECRETARY TALBOTT MADE A POINT OF PRAISING THE ENVOY TO RUSSIAN REPORTERS -- IN THEIR OWN LANGUAGE.

    ///TALBOTT ACT IN RUSSIAN, THEN FADE TO...///

    HE SAYS "WE ARE ON THE EDGE OF NEW AGE IN THE BALKANS, AND RUSSIA BEARS THE MAIN RESPONSIBILITY FOR THIS FORTUNATE OUTCOME."

    MR. CHERNOMYRDIN, STANDING ALONGSIDE HIS U-S NEGOTIATING PARTNER, TOLD REPORTERS HE WAS NOT CONCERNED ABOUT THE DUMA RESOLUTION.

    ///CHERNOMYRDIN ACT IN RUSSIAN, THEN FADE TO...///

    HE SAYS "I'M NOT WORRIED ABOUT THAT. THE MAIN THING IS WHAT MOST RUSSIANS THINK. AND WHAT'S IMPORTANT IS THE RESULT. THE WAR IS OVER."

    WITH THE BOMBING CAMPAIGN SUSPENDED, DEPUTY SECRETARY TALBOTT SUGGESTED THURSDAY A NEW PHASE HAS BEGUN, NOT ONLY TO INCORPORATE RUSSIA INTO THE PEACEKEEPING FORCE, BUT TO PATCH UP THE MOSCOW-WASHINGTON RELATIONSHIP THAT BOTH SIDES SAY HAS BEEN BADLY BATTERED BY THE KOSOVO CRISIS. (SIGNED)
    NEB/PFH/PCF
    10-Jun-99 10:55 AM EDT (1455 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [32] THURSDAY'S EDITORIALS BY NICK SIMEONE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=06/10/99
    TYPE=U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST
    NUMBER=6-11330
    TELEPHONE=619-2702
    EDITOR=ASSIGNMENTS
    CONTENT=

    /// ED'S: MATERIAL DATED AFTER 10 P-M EASTERN TIME ///

    INTRO: DISUNITY WITHIN THE REPUBLICAN PARTY IN WASHINGTON AS WELL AS EVENTS IN INDONESIA AND IRAN ARE SOME OF THE ISSUES DRAWING THE ATTENTION OF AMERICA'S MAJOR NEWSPAPERS. HERE WITH A SAMPLING IS ___________ WITH TODAY'S EDITORIAL DIGEST.

    TEXT: FINAL RESULTS FROM THIS WEEK'S ELECTIONS IN INDONESIA -- THE COUNTRY'S FIRST FREE VOTE IN MORE THAN 40-YEARS -- HAVE NOT BEEN ANNOUNCED. BUT ALREADY, "THE BALTIMORE SUN" IS CALLING THE FIRST POST-SUHARTO ELECTION A MASSIVE ENDORSEMENT OF DEMOCRACY.

    VOICE: IN THIS ORDERLY AND NONVIOLENT ELECTION, THE INDONESIAN PEOPLE REPUDIATED THE HERITAGE OF 32-YEARS OF DICTATORSHIP BY SUHARTO AND CALLED FOR FUNDAMENTAL CHANGE. THAT IS CLEAR ... (PRESIDENT) HABIBIE HAS DONE MORE TO PILOT INDONESIA TOWARD ECONOMIC RECOVERY AND HONEST GOVERNMENT THAN ANYONE EXPECTED IN THE YEAR SINCE HE SUCCEEDED HIS MENTOR SUHARTO, WHO WAS HOUNDED FROM OFFICE BY RIOTS. THIS ELECTION IS HIS GREATEST ACHIEVEMENT.

    TEXT: STILL OVERSEAS, "THE BOSTON GLOBE" WORRIES ABOUT THE ARRESTS IN IRAN OF 13 IRANIAN JEWS CHARGED WITH SPYING AND WONDERS ABOUT THE MOTIVES.

    VOICE: IT IS ALL TOO EASY TO REVILE IRANIAN JEWS AS SPIES, SINCE ANY CONTACT WITH ISRAEL IS A VIOLATION OF IRANIAN LAW. ANY IRANIAN JEW WHO MAY TRY TO HAVE A LETTER SENT TO A RELATIVE IN ISRAEL OR WHO RECEIVES A PHONE CALL FROM ISRAEL CAN BE PROSECUTED FOR THE CAPITAL CRIME OF ESPIONAGE. THE PURPOSE OF THE CURRENT PERSECUTION OF IRANIAN JEWS COULD BE TO ROUSE THE MASSES AGAINST ZIONISM AT A MOMENT WHEN TEHRAN'S ALLY SYRIA, MAY BE ON THE VERGE OF PEACE NEGOTIATIONS WITH THE NEW ISRAELI GOVERNMENT. THE HARDLINERS COULD THUS COMPEL (PRESIDENT) KHATAMI TO OPPOSE ANY PEACE DEAL.

    TEXT: THERE HAS ALSO BEEN COMMENT ABOUT THE LATEST ATTEMPT BY PRESIDENT CLINTON TO FIGHT VIOLENCE AMONG YOUNG PEOPLE. THE PRESIDENT WANTS TO SEE MOVIE THEATERS CARRY OUT STRICT AGE CHECKS FOR YOUNG PEOPLE WHO BUY TICKETS FOR MOVIES THAT HAVE AN 'R' OR RESTRICTED RATING -- USUALLY MOVIES THAT CONTAIN SEX OR VIOLENCE. "THE WASHINGTON POST" WRITES THE PROCEDURE MAY NOT CATCH EVERY UNDERAGE MOVIE GOER, BUT MAY PROMPT HOLLYWOOD TO CLEAN UP SOME OF THE SEX AND VIOLENCE IN MOVIES AIMED AT YOUNG PEOPLE.

    VOICE: .... IT IS QUESTIONABLE HOW MANY SERIOUS INCIDENTS WILL BE PREVENTED BY THIS KIND OF RESTRICTION. BUT A GOOD NUMBER OF THE COUNTRY'S YOUNG PEOPLE ARE LIKELY TO BE DETERRED ENOUGH PERHAPS TO PROD HOLLYWOOD INTO PRODUCING MORE FILMS THAT DO NOT RELY ALMOST EXCLUSIVELY ON GRATUITOUS VIOLENCE, SEX, AND PROFANITY OCCURRING ON A SCALE THAT BEARS LITTLE RELATION TO THE HUMAN CONDITION OR TO ANYTHING THAT HAS BEEN SEEN BEFORE IN THE LONG HISTORY OF DRAMA.

    TEXT: IN WASHINGTON, THE LEADERSHIP OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY HAS BEEN LARGELY SILENT ON THE WAR IN KOSOVO, LETTING PARTY CRITICISM OF THE POLICY OR THE PRESIDENT FALL LARGELY TO MEMBERS SUCH AS SENATOR JOHN MCCAIN, WHO IS EXPECTED TO MAKE A RUN FOR PRESIDENCY. CONGRESS HAS ALSO FAILED TO PASS ANY MAJOR LEGISLATION THIS YEAR. "THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE" WONDERS WHAT IS GOING ON IN REPUBLICAN RANKS.

    VOICE: LOOKING FOR ALL THE WORLD LIKE DEMOCRATS FLAILING AWAY AT RONALD REAGAN DURING THE 1980'S, MANY REPUBLICANS HAVE ALLOWED CLINTON, WHO HAS ESCAPED EVERY POLITICAL TRAP LAID FOR HIM, TO DRIVE THEM CRAZY. NOT THAT THE G-O-P'S TROUBLES ARE LIMITED TO CLINTON-INDUCED LUNACY. SOME ARE SELF-GENERATED, THE PRODUCTS OF POLITICAL TONE DEAFNESS, MORAL OBTUSENESS, AND IDEOLOGICAL OVERZEALOUSNESS.

    TEXT: LAST MONTH'S VISIT BY AMERICAN EXPERTS TO AN UNDERGROUND SITE IN NORTH KOREA SUSPECTED OF BEING A NUCLEAR FACILITY IS DRAWING STRONG COMMENT FROM "THE WASHINGTON TIMES" -- ESPECIALLY AFTER THE INSPECTORS FOUND NOTHING AT THE SITE RESEMBLING NUCLEAR MATERIAL.

    VOICE: NOW THAT IS EMBARRASSING. THE NORTH KOREANS, EXPLOITING CLINTONESQUE DELAYING TACTICS, WERE GIVEN ENOUGH TIME TO CART AWAY ALL BUT THE KITCHEN SINK FROM THE SITE. IT IS DANGEROUS TO TRUMP THE INSPECTION AS A SUCCESS WHEN THE UNITED STATES SHOULD BE TRYING TO SECURE COMPREHENSIVE PROOF THAT NORTH KOREA IS NUCLEAR WEAPONS-FREE -- WHICH IT IS OVERWHELMINGLY LIKELY THAT IT IS NOT.

    TEXT: THAT COMMENT FROM "THE WASHINGTON TIMES" CONCLUDES THIS SAMPLING OF U-S NEWSPAPER EDITORIALS FOR THURSDAY, JUNE 10TH. (SIGNED)
    NEB/NJS/RAE
    10-Jun-99 12:50 PM EDT (1650 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [33] TURKEY ISLAM / HEADSCARF BY SCOTT BOBB (ANKARA)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-43620
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE GOVERNMENT OF TURKISH PRIME MINISTER BULENT ECEVIT HAS BEEN CONFIRMED IN A VOTE OF CONFIDENCE BY THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. BUT ONE OF THE RECENTLY ELECTED MEMBERS WAS NOT ALLOWED TO VOTE. "VIRTUE PARTY" MEMBER MERVE KAVAKCI (MER-VEY KA-VAK-CHEE) IS NOT ALLOWED IN THE ASSEMBLY ROOM BECAUSE SHE INSISTS ON WEARING THE TRADITIONAL MUSLIM HEADSCARF. CORRESPONDENT SCOTT BOBB HAS THIS REPORT ON THE CONTROVERSY.

    TEXT: WHEN MERVE KAVAKCI, A MEMBER OF THE ISLAMIST "VIRTUE PARTY" REFUSED TO REMOVE HER HEADSCARF IN THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY, SHE WAS PREVENTED FROM TAKING HER OATH OF OFFICE AND BANNED FROM THE ROOM.

    MRS KAVAKCI, AT FIRST, DOES NOT APPEAR LIKE THE AUTHOR OF ALL THIS CONTROVERSY.

    SHE IS DRESSED CONSERVATIVELY, WEARS NO MAKE UP OR FINGERNAIL POLISH. AND THE CONTROVERSIAL HEADSCARF IS WRAPPED TIGHTLY AROUND HER HEAD AND NECK, REVEALING ONLY THE FACE OF A YOUNG WOMEN ABOUT 30-YEARS OLD.

    BUT MRS KAVAKCI'S VOICE REVEALS THE FORCE OF HER CONVICTIONS.

    /// KAVAKCI ACT ///

    I'M A RELIGIOUS PERSON IN MY PERSONAL LIFE SO I BELIEVE THAT MY PERSONAL CHOICE OF WEARING A SCARF HAS TO DO WITH ME, AND WITH MY LORD, AND NOBODY HAS ANY RIGHT TO INTERFERE WITH THIS VERY NATURAL HUMAN RIGHT.

    /// END ACT ///

    HEADSCARVES ARE NOT ONLY BANNED IN TURKEY'S PARLIAMENT, BUT ALSO IN GOVERNMENT OFFICES AND ON MOST UNIVERSITY CAMPUSES. THE STAUNCHLY SECULARIST TURKISH GOVERNMENT VIEWS THEM AS A POLITICAL STATEMENT.

    //OPT//

    ALTHOUGH MRS KAVAKCI IS STILL A MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT, SHE CANNOT VOTE. SHE NOW LIVES IN SOMEONE ELSE'S HOME AND HER TWO DAUGHTERS ARE ESCORTED TO SCHOOL BY GUARDS. //END OPT//

    NEWSPAPER COMMENTATOR FEHMI KORU SAYS THE HEADSCARF CONTROVERSY IS DUE IN PART TO CHANGING SOCIETY. HE SAYS IN THE PAST, DEVOUTLY RELIGIOUS PARENTS DID NOT SEND THEIR DAUGHTERS TO UNIVERSITY. IN THE PAST, MR. KORU SAYS POLITICS, GOVERNMENT AND UNIVERSITIES WERE DOMINATED BY THE ELITE, WHICH WAS PREDOMINANTLY SECULARIST. NOW, HE SAYS, OTHER SEGMENTS OF TURKISH SOCIETY ARE GAINING ACCESS TO THESE DOMAINS.

    ///KORU ACT.///

    SOME POWERS-THAT-BE FEEL THAT RELIGIOUS ELEMENTS ARE BECOMING MORE POWERFUL. AND ALSO THEY FEEL THAT THEY ARE LOSING THEIR POSITIONS IN THE SOCIETY. AND ALSO THEY FEEL THAT IF THEY GIVE MORE FREEDOMS TO THE PEOPLE, THEY CANNOT (KEEP) HOLD OF THEIR POWER.

    /// END ACT ///

    //OPT//

    OTHERS SAY THERE ARE MORE FUNDAMENTAL CHANGES UNDERWAY IN SOCIETY.

    ANKARA UNIVERSITY POLITICAL SCIENCE PROFESSOR DOGU ERGIL (DOH-YOO 'ER-GIL) BELIEVES MANY TURKS ARE SEEKING AN IDENTITY OTHER THAN THE OFFICIAL ONE PROVIDED BY THE TURKISH STATE.

    /// ERGIL ACT ///

    PEOPLE NOW FEEL THAT IT'S NOT ONLY ENOUGH TO BE A CITIZEN OF TURKEY. THEY WANT TO BE IDENTIFIED AS A MUSLIM OF THIS KIND OR THAT, A CITIZEN OF TURKEY BUT (ALSO AS) A KURD OR AN ARMENIAN OR WHATEVER. BUT SINCE THE POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY WHICH IS UNITARIST, CENTRALIST AND MONOLITHIC, SEES THESE AS DEVIANCES, THEY ARE ALL REPRESSED.

    ///END ACT./////END OPT//

    MRS KAVAKCI EARNED A DEGREE IN SOFTWARE ENGINEERING FROM A UNIVERSITY IN THE UNITED STATES. BECAUSE OF HER U-S BACKGROUND, SHE HAS BEEN STRIPPED OF HER TURKISH CITIZENSHIP, EVEN THOUGH SHE IS STILL AN ELECTED MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT.

    MRS KAVAKCI SAYS THE HEADSCARF CONTROVERSY IS BEING ORCHESTRATED BY THE STATE.

    ///SECOND KAVAKCI ACT.///

    UNFORTUNATELY, THIS FRICTION OR THIS DISCRIMINATION IS TRYING TO BE CREATED ON PURPOSE BY SOME, NOT ALL, BUT SOME HIGH LEVEL BUREAUCRATS, SOME STATE OFFICIALS, SOME OWNERS OF THE MEDIA -- THESE ARE THE ONES TRYING TO CREATE THIS CHAOS AMONG PEOPLE.

    ///END ACT.///

    JOURNALIST FEHMI KORU SAYS THE UNCERTAINTIES CAUSED BY TURKEY'S CHANGING SOCIETY HAVE LED TO A CRACKDOWN ON INDIVIDUAL FREEDOMS. BUT HE SAYS THIS IS A PASSING PHASE -- TIMES ARE CHANGING AND TURKEY WILL CHANGE. (SIGNED)
    NEB/SB/PCF
    10-Jun-99 11:19 AM EDT (1519 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [34] TURKEY ISLAM / HEADSCARF BY SCOTT BOBB (ANKARA)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-43620
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE GOVERNMENT OF TURKISH PRIME MINISTER BULENT ECEVIT HAS BEEN CONFIRMED IN A VOTE OF CONFIDENCE BY THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. BUT ONE OF THE RECENTLY ELECTED MEMBERS WAS NOT ALLOWED TO VOTE. "VIRTUE PARTY" MEMBER MERVE KAVAKCI (MER-VEY KA-VAK-CHEE) IS NOT ALLOWED IN THE ASSEMBLY ROOM BECAUSE SHE INSISTS ON WEARING THE TRADITIONAL MUSLIM HEADSCARF. CORRESPONDENT SCOTT BOBB HAS THIS REPORT ON THE CONTROVERSY.

    TEXT: WHEN MERVE KAVAKCI, A MEMBER OF THE ISLAMIST "VIRTUE PARTY" REFUSED TO REMOVE HER HEADSCARF IN THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY, SHE WAS PREVENTED FROM TAKING HER OATH OF OFFICE AND BANNED FROM THE ROOM.

    MRS KAVAKCI, AT FIRST, DOES NOT APPEAR LIKE THE AUTHOR OF ALL THIS CONTROVERSY.

    SHE IS DRESSED CONSERVATIVELY, WEARS NO MAKE UP OR FINGERNAIL POLISH. AND THE CONTROVERSIAL HEADSCARF IS WRAPPED TIGHTLY AROUND HER HEAD AND NECK, REVEALING ONLY THE FACE OF A YOUNG WOMEN ABOUT 30-YEARS OLD.

    BUT MRS KAVAKCI'S VOICE REVEALS THE FORCE OF HER CONVICTIONS.

    /// KAVAKCI ACT ///

    I'M A RELIGIOUS PERSON IN MY PERSONAL LIFE SO I BELIEVE THAT MY PERSONAL CHOICE OF WEARING A SCARF HAS TO DO WITH ME, AND WITH MY LORD, AND NOBODY HAS ANY RIGHT TO INTERFERE WITH THIS VERY NATURAL HUMAN RIGHT.

    /// END ACT ///

    HEADSCARVES ARE NOT ONLY BANNED IN TURKEY'S PARLIAMENT, BUT ALSO IN GOVERNMENT OFFICES AND ON MOST UNIVERSITY CAMPUSES. THE STAUNCHLY SECULARIST TURKISH GOVERNMENT VIEWS THEM AS A POLITICAL STATEMENT.

    //OPT//

    ALTHOUGH MRS KAVAKCI IS STILL A MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT, SHE CANNOT VOTE. SHE NOW LIVES IN SOMEONE ELSE'S HOME AND HER TWO DAUGHTERS ARE ESCORTED TO SCHOOL BY GUARDS. //END OPT//

    NEWSPAPER COMMENTATOR FEHMI KORU SAYS THE HEADSCARF CONTROVERSY IS DUE IN PART TO CHANGING SOCIETY. HE SAYS IN THE PAST, DEVOUTLY RELIGIOUS PARENTS DID NOT SEND THEIR DAUGHTERS TO UNIVERSITY. IN THE PAST, MR. KORU SAYS POLITICS, GOVERNMENT AND UNIVERSITIES WERE DOMINATED BY THE ELITE, WHICH WAS PREDOMINANTLY SECULARIST. NOW, HE SAYS, OTHER SEGMENTS OF TURKISH SOCIETY ARE GAINING ACCESS TO THESE DOMAINS.

    ///KORU ACT.///

    SOME POWERS-THAT-BE FEEL THAT RELIGIOUS ELEMENTS ARE BECOMING MORE POWERFUL. AND ALSO THEY FEEL THAT THEY ARE LOSING THEIR POSITIONS IN THE SOCIETY. AND ALSO THEY FEEL THAT IF THEY GIVE MORE FREEDOMS TO THE PEOPLE, THEY CANNOT (KEEP) HOLD OF THEIR POWER.

    /// END ACT ///

    //OPT//

    OTHERS SAY THERE ARE MORE FUNDAMENTAL CHANGES UNDERWAY IN SOCIETY.

    ANKARA UNIVERSITY POLITICAL SCIENCE PROFESSOR DOGU ERGIL (DOH-YOO 'ER-GIL) BELIEVES MANY TURKS ARE SEEKING AN IDENTITY OTHER THAN THE OFFICIAL ONE PROVIDED BY THE TURKISH STATE.

    /// ERGIL ACT ///

    PEOPLE NOW FEEL THAT IT'S NOT ONLY ENOUGH TO BE A CITIZEN OF TURKEY. THEY WANT TO BE IDENTIFIED AS A MUSLIM OF THIS KIND OR THAT, A CITIZEN OF TURKEY BUT (ALSO AS) A KURD OR AN ARMENIAN OR WHATEVER. BUT SINCE THE POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY WHICH IS UNITARIST, CENTRALIST AND MONOLITHIC, SEES THESE AS DEVIANCES, THEY ARE ALL REPRESSED.

    ///END ACT./////END OPT//

    MRS KAVAKCI EARNED A DEGREE IN SOFTWARE ENGINEERING FROM A UNIVERSITY IN THE UNITED STATES. BECAUSE OF HER U-S BACKGROUND, SHE HAS BEEN STRIPPED OF HER TURKISH CITIZENSHIP, EVEN THOUGH SHE IS STILL AN ELECTED MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT.

    MRS KAVAKCI SAYS THE HEADSCARF CONTROVERSY IS BEING ORCHESTRATED BY THE STATE.

    ///SECOND KAVAKCI ACT.///

    UNFORTUNATELY, THIS FRICTION OR THIS DISCRIMINATION IS TRYING TO BE CREATED ON PURPOSE BY SOME, NOT ALL, BUT SOME HIGH LEVEL BUREAUCRATS, SOME STATE OFFICIALS, SOME OWNERS OF THE MEDIA -- THESE ARE THE ONES TRYING TO CREATE THIS CHAOS AMONG PEOPLE.

    ///END ACT.///

    JOURNALIST FEHMI KORU SAYS THE UNCERTAINTIES CAUSED BY TURKEY'S CHANGING SOCIETY HAVE LED TO A CRACKDOWN ON INDIVIDUAL FREEDOMS. BUT HE SAYS THIS IS A PASSING PHASE -- TIMES ARE CHANGING AND TURKEY WILL CHANGE. (SIGNED)
    NEB/SB/PCF
    10-Jun-99 11:19 AM EDT (1519 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [35] TURKEY ISLAM / HEADSCARF BY SCOTT BOBB (ANKARA)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-43620
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE GOVERNMENT OF TURKISH PRIME MINISTER BULENT ECEVIT HAS BEEN CONFIRMED IN A VOTE OF CONFIDENCE BY THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. BUT ONE OF THE RECENTLY ELECTED MEMBERS WAS NOT ALLOWED TO VOTE. "VIRTUE PARTY" MEMBER MERVE KAVAKCI (MER-VEY KA-VAK-CHEE) IS NOT ALLOWED IN THE ASSEMBLY ROOM BECAUSE SHE INSISTS ON WEARING THE TRADITIONAL MUSLIM HEADSCARF. CORRESPONDENT SCOTT BOBB HAS THIS REPORT ON THE CONTROVERSY.

    TEXT: WHEN MERVE KAVAKCI, A MEMBER OF THE ISLAMIST "VIRTUE PARTY" REFUSED TO REMOVE HER HEADSCARF IN THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY, SHE WAS PREVENTED FROM TAKING HER OATH OF OFFICE AND BANNED FROM THE ROOM.

    MRS KAVAKCI, AT FIRST, DOES NOT APPEAR LIKE THE AUTHOR OF ALL THIS CONTROVERSY.

    SHE IS DRESSED CONSERVATIVELY, WEARS NO MAKE UP OR FINGERNAIL POLISH. AND THE CONTROVERSIAL HEADSCARF IS WRAPPED TIGHTLY AROUND HER HEAD AND NECK, REVEALING ONLY THE FACE OF A YOUNG WOMEN ABOUT 30-YEARS OLD.

    BUT MRS KAVAKCI'S VOICE REVEALS THE FORCE OF HER CONVICTIONS.

    /// KAVAKCI ACT ///

    I'M A RELIGIOUS PERSON IN MY PERSONAL LIFE SO I BELIEVE THAT MY PERSONAL CHOICE OF WEARING A SCARF HAS TO DO WITH ME, AND WITH MY LORD, AND NOBODY HAS ANY RIGHT TO INTERFERE WITH THIS VERY NATURAL HUMAN RIGHT.

    /// END ACT ///

    HEADSCARVES ARE NOT ONLY BANNED IN TURKEY'S PARLIAMENT, BUT ALSO IN GOVERNMENT OFFICES AND ON MOST UNIVERSITY CAMPUSES. THE STAUNCHLY SECULARIST TURKISH GOVERNMENT VIEWS THEM AS A POLITICAL STATEMENT.

    //OPT//

    ALTHOUGH MRS KAVAKCI IS STILL A MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT, SHE CANNOT VOTE. SHE NOW LIVES IN SOMEONE ELSE'S HOME AND HER TWO DAUGHTERS ARE ESCORTED TO SCHOOL BY GUARDS. //END OPT//

    NEWSPAPER COMMENTATOR FEHMI KORU SAYS THE HEADSCARF CONTROVERSY IS DUE IN PART TO CHANGING SOCIETY. HE SAYS IN THE PAST, DEVOUTLY RELIGIOUS PARENTS DID NOT SEND THEIR DAUGHTERS TO UNIVERSITY. IN THE PAST, MR. KORU SAYS POLITICS, GOVERNMENT AND UNIVERSITIES WERE DOMINATED BY THE ELITE, WHICH WAS PREDOMINANTLY SECULARIST. NOW, HE SAYS, OTHER SEGMENTS OF TURKISH SOCIETY ARE GAINING ACCESS TO THESE DOMAINS.

    ///KORU ACT.///

    SOME POWERS-THAT-BE FEEL THAT RELIGIOUS ELEMENTS ARE BECOMING MORE POWERFUL. AND ALSO THEY FEEL THAT THEY ARE LOSING THEIR POSITIONS IN THE SOCIETY. AND ALSO THEY FEEL THAT IF THEY GIVE MORE FREEDOMS TO THE PEOPLE, THEY CANNOT (KEEP) HOLD OF THEIR POWER.

    /// END ACT ///

    //OPT//

    OTHERS SAY THERE ARE MORE FUNDAMENTAL CHANGES UNDERWAY IN SOCIETY.

    ANKARA UNIVERSITY POLITICAL SCIENCE PROFESSOR DOGU ERGIL (DOH-YOO 'ER-GIL) BELIEVES MANY TURKS ARE SEEKING AN IDENTITY OTHER THAN THE OFFICIAL ONE PROVIDED BY THE TURKISH STATE.

    /// ERGIL ACT ///

    PEOPLE NOW FEEL THAT IT'S NOT ONLY ENOUGH TO BE A CITIZEN OF TURKEY. THEY WANT TO BE IDENTIFIED AS A MUSLIM OF THIS KIND OR THAT, A CITIZEN OF TURKEY BUT (ALSO AS) A KURD OR AN ARMENIAN OR WHATEVER. BUT SINCE THE POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY WHICH IS UNITARIST, CENTRALIST AND MONOLITHIC, SEES THESE AS DEVIANCES, THEY ARE ALL REPRESSED.

    ///END ACT./////END OPT//

    MRS KAVAKCI EARNED A DEGREE IN SOFTWARE ENGINEERING FROM A UNIVERSITY IN THE UNITED STATES. BECAUSE OF HER U-S BACKGROUND, SHE HAS BEEN STRIPPED OF HER TURKISH CITIZENSHIP, EVEN THOUGH SHE IS STILL AN ELECTED MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT.

    MRS KAVAKCI SAYS THE HEADSCARF CONTROVERSY IS BEING ORCHESTRATED BY THE STATE.

    ///SECOND KAVAKCI ACT.///

    UNFORTUNATELY, THIS FRICTION OR THIS DISCRIMINATION IS TRYING TO BE CREATED ON PURPOSE BY SOME, NOT ALL, BUT SOME HIGH LEVEL BUREAUCRATS, SOME STATE OFFICIALS, SOME OWNERS OF THE MEDIA -- THESE ARE THE ONES TRYING TO CREATE THIS CHAOS AMONG PEOPLE.

    ///END ACT.///

    JOURNALIST FEHMI KORU SAYS THE UNCERTAINTIES CAUSED BY TURKEY'S CHANGING SOCIETY HAVE LED TO A CRACKDOWN ON INDIVIDUAL FREEDOMS. BUT HE SAYS THIS IS A PASSING PHASE -- TIMES ARE CHANGING AND TURKEY WILL CHANGE. (SIGNED)
    NEB/SB/PCF
    10-Jun-99 11:19 AM EDT (1519 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [36] TURKEY/PRESS FREEDOM (L-ONLY) BY AMBERIN ZAMAN (ANKARA)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250478
    CONTENT VOICED AT:

    INTRO: AN AMERICAN REPORTER FOR TIME MAGAZINE HAS APPEARED BEFORE A CRIMINAL COURT IN ISTANBUL ON CHARGES OF INSULTING THE TURKISH ARMED FORCES IN AN ARTICLE HE WROTE FOR A TURKISH NEWSPAPER LAST YEAR. AMBERIN ZAMAN REPORTS FROM ANKARA THAT THE CASE AGAINST ANDREW FINKEL IS THE LATEST EXAMPLE OF WHAT PRESS WATCHDOG GROUPS CALL A SUSTAINED CAMPAIGN OF PRESSURE AGAINST JOURNALISTS IN TURKEY.

    TEXT: ANDREW FINKEL, WHO SPEAKS AND WRITES FLUENT TURKISH, DENIES CHARGES THAT HE INSULTED THE TURKISH ARMED FORCES IN A COLUMN THAT APPEARED IN THE MASS CIRCULATION DAILY. SABAH. LAST YEAR. MR FINKEL LOST HIS JOB WITH THE PAPER AFTER HIS EDITORS WERE ALLEGEDLY PRESSURED BY STATE OFFICIALS TO LET HIM GO.

    THE OFFENDING ARTICLE DESCRIBED CONDITIONS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN PROVINCE OF SIRNAK, WHICH USED TO BE A STRONGHOLD OF THE SEPARATIST KURDISTAN WORKERS' PARTY -- OR P-K-K -- UNTIL THE TURKISH ARMED FORCES DROVE OUT THE REBELS SEVEN YEARS AGO. IF CONVICTED AS CHARGED, MR FINKEL COULD SERVE UP TO SIX YEARS IN JAIL. BUT TURKISH OFFICIALS SAY HE IS LIKELY TO BE CLEARED OF THE CHARGES AT A SECOND HEARING SCHEDULED TO TAKE PLACE IN NOVEMBER.

    IT IS AGAINST THE LAW TO CRITICIZE THE ARMED FORCES -- WHICH HAVE SEIZED POWER THREE TIMES SO FAR AND ARE COUNTED AMONG THE COUNTRY'S MOST POPULAR AND INFLUENTIAL INSTITUTIONS. THE ARMY'S METHODS IN SUPPRESSING THE 15 YEAR-LONG KURDISH INSURGENCY REMAINS THE MOST SENSITIVE ISSUE OF ALL.

    LAST MONTH, ORAL CALISLAR -- A PROMINENT TURKISH JOURNALIST FROM THE LIBERAL DAILY CUMHURIYET -- WAS SENTENCED TO 13 MONTHS IN PRISON FOR AN INTERVIEW HE PUBLISHED IN 1993 WITH THE P-K-K LEADER ABDULLAH OCALAN, WHO WAS CAPTURED IN FEBRUARY THIS YEAR. PROSECUTORS DEMANDED THE DEATH SENTENCE FOR MR. OCALAN ON TUESDAY FOR FOUNDING AND LEADING THE REBEL GROUP.

    HASAN DENIZ, AN EDITOR OF THE PRO-KURDISH DAILY OZGUR BAKIS, WAS JAILED ON JUNE THIRD FOR PUBLISHING AN ARTICLE QUOTING THE P-K-K'S ENDORSEMENT OF MR. OCALAN'S CALL FOR A NEGOTIATED SOLUTION TO THE KURDISH PROBLEM.

    ACCORDING TO THE NEW YORK-BASED COMMITTEE TO PROTECT JOURNALISTS, THERE WERE 27 TURKISH JOURNALISTS IN PRISON AS OF JANUARY 1999. (SIGNED)
    NEB/AZ/GE/GM
    10-Jun-99 1:07 PM EDT (1707 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [37] TURKEY/PRESS FREEDOM (L-ONLY) BY AMBERIN ZAMAN (ANKARA)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250478
    CONTENT VOICED AT:

    INTRO: AN AMERICAN REPORTER FOR TIME MAGAZINE HAS APPEARED BEFORE A CRIMINAL COURT IN ISTANBUL ON CHARGES OF INSULTING THE TURKISH ARMED FORCES IN AN ARTICLE HE WROTE FOR A TURKISH NEWSPAPER LAST YEAR. AMBERIN ZAMAN REPORTS FROM ANKARA THAT THE CASE AGAINST ANDREW FINKEL IS THE LATEST EXAMPLE OF WHAT PRESS WATCHDOG GROUPS CALL A SUSTAINED CAMPAIGN OF PRESSURE AGAINST JOURNALISTS IN TURKEY.

    TEXT: ANDREW FINKEL, WHO SPEAKS AND WRITES FLUENT TURKISH, DENIES CHARGES THAT HE INSULTED THE TURKISH ARMED FORCES IN A COLUMN THAT APPEARED IN THE MASS CIRCULATION DAILY. SABAH. LAST YEAR. MR FINKEL LOST HIS JOB WITH THE PAPER AFTER HIS EDITORS WERE ALLEGEDLY PRESSURED BY STATE OFFICIALS TO LET HIM GO.

    THE OFFENDING ARTICLE DESCRIBED CONDITIONS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN PROVINCE OF SIRNAK, WHICH USED TO BE A STRONGHOLD OF THE SEPARATIST KURDISTAN WORKERS' PARTY -- OR P-K-K -- UNTIL THE TURKISH ARMED FORCES DROVE OUT THE REBELS SEVEN YEARS AGO. IF CONVICTED AS CHARGED, MR FINKEL COULD SERVE UP TO SIX YEARS IN JAIL. BUT TURKISH OFFICIALS SAY HE IS LIKELY TO BE CLEARED OF THE CHARGES AT A SECOND HEARING SCHEDULED TO TAKE PLACE IN NOVEMBER.

    IT IS AGAINST THE LAW TO CRITICIZE THE ARMED FORCES -- WHICH HAVE SEIZED POWER THREE TIMES SO FAR AND ARE COUNTED AMONG THE COUNTRY'S MOST POPULAR AND INFLUENTIAL INSTITUTIONS. THE ARMY'S METHODS IN SUPPRESSING THE 15 YEAR-LONG KURDISH INSURGENCY REMAINS THE MOST SENSITIVE ISSUE OF ALL.

    LAST MONTH, ORAL CALISLAR -- A PROMINENT TURKISH JOURNALIST FROM THE LIBERAL DAILY CUMHURIYET -- WAS SENTENCED TO 13 MONTHS IN PRISON FOR AN INTERVIEW HE PUBLISHED IN 1993 WITH THE P-K-K LEADER ABDULLAH OCALAN, WHO WAS CAPTURED IN FEBRUARY THIS YEAR. PROSECUTORS DEMANDED THE DEATH SENTENCE FOR MR. OCALAN ON TUESDAY FOR FOUNDING AND LEADING THE REBEL GROUP.

    HASAN DENIZ, AN EDITOR OF THE PRO-KURDISH DAILY OZGUR BAKIS, WAS JAILED ON JUNE THIRD FOR PUBLISHING AN ARTICLE QUOTING THE P-K-K'S ENDORSEMENT OF MR. OCALAN'S CALL FOR A NEGOTIATED SOLUTION TO THE KURDISH PROBLEM.

    ACCORDING TO THE NEW YORK-BASED COMMITTEE TO PROTECT JOURNALISTS, THERE WERE 27 TURKISH JOURNALISTS IN PRISON AS OF JANUARY 1999. (SIGNED)
    NEB/AZ/GE/GM
    10-Jun-99 1:07 PM EDT (1707 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [38] TURKEY/PRESS FREEDOM (L-ONLY) BY AMBERIN ZAMAN (ANKARA)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250478
    CONTENT VOICED AT:

    INTRO: AN AMERICAN REPORTER FOR TIME MAGAZINE HAS APPEARED BEFORE A CRIMINAL COURT IN ISTANBUL ON CHARGES OF INSULTING THE TURKISH ARMED FORCES IN AN ARTICLE HE WROTE FOR A TURKISH NEWSPAPER LAST YEAR. AMBERIN ZAMAN REPORTS FROM ANKARA THAT THE CASE AGAINST ANDREW FINKEL IS THE LATEST EXAMPLE OF WHAT PRESS WATCHDOG GROUPS CALL A SUSTAINED CAMPAIGN OF PRESSURE AGAINST JOURNALISTS IN TURKEY.

    TEXT: ANDREW FINKEL, WHO SPEAKS AND WRITES FLUENT TURKISH, DENIES CHARGES THAT HE INSULTED THE TURKISH ARMED FORCES IN A COLUMN THAT APPEARED IN THE MASS CIRCULATION DAILY. SABAH. LAST YEAR. MR FINKEL LOST HIS JOB WITH THE PAPER AFTER HIS EDITORS WERE ALLEGEDLY PRESSURED BY STATE OFFICIALS TO LET HIM GO.

    THE OFFENDING ARTICLE DESCRIBED CONDITIONS IN THE SOUTHEASTERN PROVINCE OF SIRNAK, WHICH USED TO BE A STRONGHOLD OF THE SEPARATIST KURDISTAN WORKERS' PARTY -- OR P-K-K -- UNTIL THE TURKISH ARMED FORCES DROVE OUT THE REBELS SEVEN YEARS AGO. IF CONVICTED AS CHARGED, MR FINKEL COULD SERVE UP TO SIX YEARS IN JAIL. BUT TURKISH OFFICIALS SAY HE IS LIKELY TO BE CLEARED OF THE CHARGES AT A SECOND HEARING SCHEDULED TO TAKE PLACE IN NOVEMBER.

    IT IS AGAINST THE LAW TO CRITICIZE THE ARMED FORCES -- WHICH HAVE SEIZED POWER THREE TIMES SO FAR AND ARE COUNTED AMONG THE COUNTRY'S MOST POPULAR AND INFLUENTIAL INSTITUTIONS. THE ARMY'S METHODS IN SUPPRESSING THE 15 YEAR-LONG KURDISH INSURGENCY REMAINS THE MOST SENSITIVE ISSUE OF ALL.

    LAST MONTH, ORAL CALISLAR -- A PROMINENT TURKISH JOURNALIST FROM THE LIBERAL DAILY CUMHURIYET -- WAS SENTENCED TO 13 MONTHS IN PRISON FOR AN INTERVIEW HE PUBLISHED IN 1993 WITH THE P-K-K LEADER ABDULLAH OCALAN, WHO WAS CAPTURED IN FEBRUARY THIS YEAR. PROSECUTORS DEMANDED THE DEATH SENTENCE FOR MR. OCALAN ON TUESDAY FOR FOUNDING AND LEADING THE REBEL GROUP.

    HASAN DENIZ, AN EDITOR OF THE PRO-KURDISH DAILY OZGUR BAKIS, WAS JAILED ON JUNE THIRD FOR PUBLISHING AN ARTICLE QUOTING THE P-K-K'S ENDORSEMENT OF MR. OCALAN'S CALL FOR A NEGOTIATED SOLUTION TO THE KURDISH PROBLEM.

    ACCORDING TO THE NEW YORK-BASED COMMITTEE TO PROTECT JOURNALISTS, THERE WERE 27 TURKISH JOURNALISTS IN PRISON AS OF JANUARY 1999. (SIGNED)
    NEB/AZ/GE/GM
    10-Jun-99 1:07 PM EDT (1707 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [39] U-N / KOSOVO / RESOLUTION (L-2ND UPDATE) BY MAX RUSTON (UNITED NATIONS)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250488
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:
    /// EDS: UPDATES CR 2-250481, CHANGES THROUGHOUT, ADDS ANNAN COMMENT ///

    INTRO: THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL HAS (TODAY/THURSDAY) APPROVED A RESOLUTION AUTHORIZING IMPLEMENTATION OF THE KOSOVO PEACE PLAN -- INCLUDING DEPLOYMENT OF A SECURITY FORCE AND THE RETURN OF REFUGEES. V-O-A'S U-N CORRESPONDENT MAX RUSTON REPORTS.

    TEXT: THE RESOLUTION WAS APPROVED WITH SUPPORT FROM 14 OF THE COUNCIL'S 15 MEMBERS. ONLY CHINA EXPRESSED OBJECTIONS AND ABSTAINED FROM VOTING.

    U-N SECRETARY-GENERAL KOFI ANNAN WELCOMED THE RESOLUTION AS A NEW CHAPTER IN THE HISTORY OF THE BALKANS.

    /// ANNAN ACT ///

    TODAY, WE ARE SEEING AT LEAST THE BEGINNING OF THE END OF A DARK AND DESOLATE CHAPTER IN THE HISTORY OF THE BALKANS. TODAY, WE EMBARK ON THE PATH OF PEACE.

    /// END ACT ///

    MR. ANNAN SPOKE OF THE CHALLENGES AHEAD IN REBUILDING THE HOMES IN KOSOVO, RESTORING INFRASTRUCTURE AND REVITALIZING CIVIL SOCIETY. HE SAID THE TASK OF RESTORING KOSOVO TO A SEMBLANCE OF NORMAL LIFE IS IMMENSE.

    THE U-S REPRESENTATIVE TO THE UNITED NATIONS, PETER BURLEIGH, STRESSED THE IMPORTANCE OF MAKING KOSOVO SAFE FOR THE RETURN OF ETHNIC ALBANIAN REFUGEES.

    /// BURLEIGH ACT ///

    THIS RESOLUTION WILL ADVANCE A GOAL THAT IS SHARED BY ALL MEMBERS: THE GOAL OF RETURNING HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF KOSOVARS TO THEIR HOMES WITH SECURITY AND SELF-GOVERNMENT.

    /// END ACT ///

    MR. BURLEIGH SAYS THE RESOLUTION ADDRESSES THE KEY OBJECTIVES OF THE UNITED STATES -- THE END OF YUGOSLAV VIOLENCE AGAINST ETHNIC ALBANIANS, THE WITHDRAWAL OF YUGOSLAV FORCES FROM THE PROVINCE, THE DEPLOYMENT OF AN INTERNATIONAL SECURITY FORCE AND THE UNCONDITIONAL AND SAFE RETURN OF REFUGEES.

    CHINA EXPRESSED SEVERAL OBJECTIONS TO THE RESOLUTION AND PROPOSED A SERIES OF AMENDMENTS, WHICH WERE REJECTED BY OTHER COUNCIL MEMBERS. CHINA WANTED TO LIMIT THE TERM OF THE INTERNATIONAL FORCE IN KOSOVO AND ENSURE THAT THE RESOLUTION WOULD NOT BE USED TO JUSTIFY FURTHER NATO STRIKES ON YUGOSLAVIA. IT ALSO PROTESTED WHAT IT VIEWS AS NATO'S INTERFERENCE IN YUGOSLAVIA'S DOMESTIC ETHNIC PROBLEMS. HERE IS CHINA'S ACTING REPRESENTATIVE SHEN GUOFANG, SPEAKING THROUGH AN INTERPRETER:

    /// SHEN INTERPRETER ACT ///

    FUNDAMENTALLY SPEAKING, ETHNIC PROBLEMS WITHIN A STATE SHOULD BE SETTLED IN A PROPER MANNER BY ITS OWN GOVERNMENT AND PEOPLE BY ADOPTING SOUND POLICIES. THEY SHALL NOT BE USED AS AN EXCUSE FOR AN EXTERNAL INTERVENTION, OR EVEN USED BY FOREIGN STATES AS AN EXCUSE FOR THE USE OF FORCE.

    /// END ACT ///

    DIPLOMATS SAY CHINA AND RUSSIA ARE CONCERNED THAT THE NATO ACTION AGAINST YUGOSLAVIA COULD SET A PRECEDENT FOR INTERNATIONAL INTERFERENCE IN THEIR OWN DOMESTIC ETHNIC PROBLEMS, PARTICULARLY IN TIBET AND CHECHNYA.

    YUGOSLAVIA'S U-N REPRESENTATIVE ALSO SPOKE AT THE COUNCIL MEETING. HE STRONGLY DENOUNCED THE NATO STRIKES AGAINST HIS COUNTRY AS A VIOLATION OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND BLAMED NATO FOR THE REFUGEE CRISIS IN THE REGION -- CHARGES NATO DENIES. (SIGNED) NEB/UN/MPR/LSF/WTW
    10-Jun-99 4:32 PM EDT (2032 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [40] U-N / KOSOVO / RESOLUTION (L-2ND UPDATE) BY MAX RUSTON (UNITED NATIONS)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250488
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:
    /// EDS: UPDATES CR 2-250481, CHANGES THROUGHOUT, ADDS ANNAN COMMENT ///

    INTRO: THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL HAS (TODAY/THURSDAY) APPROVED A RESOLUTION AUTHORIZING IMPLEMENTATION OF THE KOSOVO PEACE PLAN -- INCLUDING DEPLOYMENT OF A SECURITY FORCE AND THE RETURN OF REFUGEES. V-O-A'S U-N CORRESPONDENT MAX RUSTON REPORTS.

    TEXT: THE RESOLUTION WAS APPROVED WITH SUPPORT FROM 14 OF THE COUNCIL'S 15 MEMBERS. ONLY CHINA EXPRESSED OBJECTIONS AND ABSTAINED FROM VOTING.

    U-N SECRETARY-GENERAL KOFI ANNAN WELCOMED THE RESOLUTION AS A NEW CHAPTER IN THE HISTORY OF THE BALKANS.

    /// ANNAN ACT ///

    TODAY, WE ARE SEEING AT LEAST THE BEGINNING OF THE END OF A DARK AND DESOLATE CHAPTER IN THE HISTORY OF THE BALKANS. TODAY, WE EMBARK ON THE PATH OF PEACE.

    /// END ACT ///

    MR. ANNAN SPOKE OF THE CHALLENGES AHEAD IN REBUILDING THE HOMES IN KOSOVO, RESTORING INFRASTRUCTURE AND REVITALIZING CIVIL SOCIETY. HE SAID THE TASK OF RESTORING KOSOVO TO A SEMBLANCE OF NORMAL LIFE IS IMMENSE.

    THE U-S REPRESENTATIVE TO THE UNITED NATIONS, PETER BURLEIGH, STRESSED THE IMPORTANCE OF MAKING KOSOVO SAFE FOR THE RETURN OF ETHNIC ALBANIAN REFUGEES.

    /// BURLEIGH ACT ///

    THIS RESOLUTION WILL ADVANCE A GOAL THAT IS SHARED BY ALL MEMBERS: THE GOAL OF RETURNING HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF KOSOVARS TO THEIR HOMES WITH SECURITY AND SELF-GOVERNMENT.

    /// END ACT ///

    MR. BURLEIGH SAYS THE RESOLUTION ADDRESSES THE KEY OBJECTIVES OF THE UNITED STATES -- THE END OF YUGOSLAV VIOLENCE AGAINST ETHNIC ALBANIANS, THE WITHDRAWAL OF YUGOSLAV FORCES FROM THE PROVINCE, THE DEPLOYMENT OF AN INTERNATIONAL SECURITY FORCE AND THE UNCONDITIONAL AND SAFE RETURN OF REFUGEES.

    CHINA EXPRESSED SEVERAL OBJECTIONS TO THE RESOLUTION AND PROPOSED A SERIES OF AMENDMENTS, WHICH WERE REJECTED BY OTHER COUNCIL MEMBERS. CHINA WANTED TO LIMIT THE TERM OF THE INTERNATIONAL FORCE IN KOSOVO AND ENSURE THAT THE RESOLUTION WOULD NOT BE USED TO JUSTIFY FURTHER NATO STRIKES ON YUGOSLAVIA. IT ALSO PROTESTED WHAT IT VIEWS AS NATO'S INTERFERENCE IN YUGOSLAVIA'S DOMESTIC ETHNIC PROBLEMS. HERE IS CHINA'S ACTING REPRESENTATIVE SHEN GUOFANG, SPEAKING THROUGH AN INTERPRETER:

    /// SHEN INTERPRETER ACT ///

    FUNDAMENTALLY SPEAKING, ETHNIC PROBLEMS WITHIN A STATE SHOULD BE SETTLED IN A PROPER MANNER BY ITS OWN GOVERNMENT AND PEOPLE BY ADOPTING SOUND POLICIES. THEY SHALL NOT BE USED AS AN EXCUSE FOR AN EXTERNAL INTERVENTION, OR EVEN USED BY FOREIGN STATES AS AN EXCUSE FOR THE USE OF FORCE.

    /// END ACT ///

    DIPLOMATS SAY CHINA AND RUSSIA ARE CONCERNED THAT THE NATO ACTION AGAINST YUGOSLAVIA COULD SET A PRECEDENT FOR INTERNATIONAL INTERFERENCE IN THEIR OWN DOMESTIC ETHNIC PROBLEMS, PARTICULARLY IN TIBET AND CHECHNYA.

    YUGOSLAVIA'S U-N REPRESENTATIVE ALSO SPOKE AT THE COUNCIL MEETING. HE STRONGLY DENOUNCED THE NATO STRIKES AGAINST HIS COUNTRY AS A VIOLATION OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND BLAMED NATO FOR THE REFUGEE CRISIS IN THE REGION -- CHARGES NATO DENIES. (SIGNED) NEB/UN/MPR/LSF/WTW
    10-Jun-99 4:32 PM EDT (2032 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [41] U-N / KOSOVO AGREEMENT (S) BY MAX RUSTON (UNITED NATIONS)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250441
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: IMPLEMENTATION OF THE KOSOVO PEACE AGREEMENT WILL SOON MOVE TO THE UNITED NATIONS IN NEW YORK, WHERE MEMBERS OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL ARE PREPARING TO VOTE ON A RESOLUTION FORMALIZING THE END OF HOSTILITIES. V-O-A'S U-N CORRESPONDENT MAX RUSTON REPORTS.

    TEXT: THE SECURITY COUNCIL IS POISED TO TAKE ACTION AS SOON AS IT HAS RECEIVED VERIFICATION THAT YUGOSLAV TROOPS ARE LEAVING KOSOVO AND NATO HAS STOPPED ITS AIR STRIKES. WITHIN MINUTES OF RECEIVING SUCH VERIFICATION, THE COUNCIL IS EXPECTED TO APPROVE A RESOLUTION PROVIDING THE FRAMEWORK FOR THE DEPLOYMENT OF AN INTERNATIONAL SECURITY FORCE IN KOSOVO, THE ESTABLISHMENT OF AN INTERIM ADMINISTRATION IN THE PROVINCE, AND THE RETURN OF REFUGEES.

    CHINA HAS EXPRESSED OBJECTIONS TO SOME ASPECTS OF THE RESOLUTION, BUT INDICATED IT MAY ABSTAIN FROM VOTING RATHER THAN CAST A VETO. RUSSIA HAS INDICATED IT WILL APPROVE THE RESOLUTION AS LONG AS NATO STRIKES AGAINST YUGOSLAVIA HAVE ENDED. (SIGNED)
    NEB/PT
    09-Jun-99 8:09 PM EDT (0009 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [42] U-N / KOSOVO AGREEMENT (S) BY MAX RUSTON (UNITED NATIONS)

    DATE=6/9/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250441
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: IMPLEMENTATION OF THE KOSOVO PEACE AGREEMENT WILL SOON MOVE TO THE UNITED NATIONS IN NEW YORK, WHERE MEMBERS OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL ARE PREPARING TO VOTE ON A RESOLUTION FORMALIZING THE END OF HOSTILITIES. V-O-A'S U-N CORRESPONDENT MAX RUSTON REPORTS.

    TEXT: THE SECURITY COUNCIL IS POISED TO TAKE ACTION AS SOON AS IT HAS RECEIVED VERIFICATION THAT YUGOSLAV TROOPS ARE LEAVING KOSOVO AND NATO HAS STOPPED ITS AIR STRIKES. WITHIN MINUTES OF RECEIVING SUCH VERIFICATION, THE COUNCIL IS EXPECTED TO APPROVE A RESOLUTION PROVIDING THE FRAMEWORK FOR THE DEPLOYMENT OF AN INTERNATIONAL SECURITY FORCE IN KOSOVO, THE ESTABLISHMENT OF AN INTERIM ADMINISTRATION IN THE PROVINCE, AND THE RETURN OF REFUGEES.

    CHINA HAS EXPRESSED OBJECTIONS TO SOME ASPECTS OF THE RESOLUTION, BUT INDICATED IT MAY ABSTAIN FROM VOTING RATHER THAN CAST A VETO. RUSSIA HAS INDICATED IT WILL APPROVE THE RESOLUTION AS LONG AS NATO STRIKES AGAINST YUGOSLAVIA HAVE ENDED. (SIGNED)
    NEB/PT
    09-Jun-99 8:09 PM EDT (0009 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [43] U-N / KOSOVO RESOLUTION (S) BY MAX RUSTON (UNITED NATIONS)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250469
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL IS MEETS AT THIS HOUR (THURSDAY, 11 AM EST) IN PREPARATION FOR A VOTE ON A RESOLUTION AUTHORIZING DEPLOYMENT OF AN INTERNATIONAL FORCE IN KOSOVO. CORRESPONDENT MAX RUSTON HAS THE STORY FROM OUR U-N BUREAU.

    TEXT: DIPLOMATS SAY THE THE COUNCIL IS PREPARED TO ADOPT THE RESOLUTION. THE ONLY OBJECTIONS ARE EXPECTED TO COME FROM CHINA, WHICH HAS ASKED FOR AMENDMENTS TO LIMIT THE POWERS OF THE INTERNATIONAL SECURITY FORCE SCHEDULED TO ENTER KOSOVO FRIDAY. BEIJING WANTS TO ENSURE THE RESOLUTION DOES NOT PROVIDE ANY AUTHORIZATION FOR NATO TO LAUNCH MILITARY STRIKES AT A LATER DATE. CHINA HAS INDICATED IT MAY ABSTAIN FROM VOTING, BUT WILL NOT VETO THE RESOLUTION.

    IN ADDITION TO AUTHORIZING DEPLOYMENT OF AN INTERNATIONAL FORCE IN KOSOVO, THE RESOLUTION CALLS FOR AN INTERIM POLITICAL ADMINISTRATION IN THE YUGOSLAV PROVINCE AND THE RETURN OF REFUGEES. (SIGNED)
    NEB/UN/MPR/LSF
    10-Jun-99 11:00 AM EDT (1500 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [44] U-N / KOSOVO RESOLUTION (S) BY MAX RUSTON (UNITED NATIONS)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250469
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL IS MEETS AT THIS HOUR (THURSDAY, 11 AM EST) IN PREPARATION FOR A VOTE ON A RESOLUTION AUTHORIZING DEPLOYMENT OF AN INTERNATIONAL FORCE IN KOSOVO. CORRESPONDENT MAX RUSTON HAS THE STORY FROM OUR U-N BUREAU.

    TEXT: DIPLOMATS SAY THE THE COUNCIL IS PREPARED TO ADOPT THE RESOLUTION. THE ONLY OBJECTIONS ARE EXPECTED TO COME FROM CHINA, WHICH HAS ASKED FOR AMENDMENTS TO LIMIT THE POWERS OF THE INTERNATIONAL SECURITY FORCE SCHEDULED TO ENTER KOSOVO FRIDAY. BEIJING WANTS TO ENSURE THE RESOLUTION DOES NOT PROVIDE ANY AUTHORIZATION FOR NATO TO LAUNCH MILITARY STRIKES AT A LATER DATE. CHINA HAS INDICATED IT MAY ABSTAIN FROM VOTING, BUT WILL NOT VETO THE RESOLUTION.

    IN ADDITION TO AUTHORIZING DEPLOYMENT OF AN INTERNATIONAL FORCE IN KOSOVO, THE RESOLUTION CALLS FOR AN INTERIM POLITICAL ADMINISTRATION IN THE YUGOSLAV PROVINCE AND THE RETURN OF REFUGEES. (SIGNED)
    NEB/UN/MPR/LSF
    10-Jun-99 11:00 AM EDT (1500 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [45] U-N / KOSOVO RESOLUTION (S) BY MAX RUSTON (UNITED NATIONS)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-250469
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL IS MEETS AT THIS HOUR (THURSDAY, 11 AM EST) IN PREPARATION FOR A VOTE ON A RESOLUTION AUTHORIZING DEPLOYMENT OF AN INTERNATIONAL FORCE IN KOSOVO. CORRESPONDENT MAX RUSTON HAS THE STORY FROM OUR U-N BUREAU.

    TEXT: DIPLOMATS SAY THE THE COUNCIL IS PREPARED TO ADOPT THE RESOLUTION. THE ONLY OBJECTIONS ARE EXPECTED TO COME FROM CHINA, WHICH HAS ASKED FOR AMENDMENTS TO LIMIT THE POWERS OF THE INTERNATIONAL SECURITY FORCE SCHEDULED TO ENTER KOSOVO FRIDAY. BEIJING WANTS TO ENSURE THE RESOLUTION DOES NOT PROVIDE ANY AUTHORIZATION FOR NATO TO LAUNCH MILITARY STRIKES AT A LATER DATE. CHINA HAS INDICATED IT MAY ABSTAIN FROM VOTING, BUT WILL NOT VETO THE RESOLUTION.

    IN ADDITION TO AUTHORIZING DEPLOYMENT OF AN INTERNATIONAL FORCE IN KOSOVO, THE RESOLUTION CALLS FOR AN INTERIM POLITICAL ADMINISTRATION IN THE YUGOSLAV PROVINCE AND THE RETURN OF REFUGEES. (SIGNED)
    NEB/UN/MPR/LSF
    10-Jun-99 11:00 AM EDT (1500 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [46] U-S/EURO BEEF, U-S DROUGHT, DEAD ZONE BY ROB SIVAK (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=6/10/99
    TYPE=AGRICULTURE BRIEFS #99-21
    NUMBER=7-32197
    TELEPHONE=202-619-2023
    EDITOR=BRIAN CISLAK
    CONTENT=
    [ATT: U-S AGRICULTURE, TRADE, EUROPE, DROUGHT, ENVIRONMENT]

    INTRO: THE UNITED STATES AND THE EUROPEAN UNION CONTINUE EFFORTS TO RESOLVE THEIR DECADE-LONG DISPUTE OVER HORMONE-FED U-S BEEF...PRODUCERS IN THE EASTERN UNITED STATES HOPE FOR A QUICK END TO A SEVERE HEAT WAVE...AND U-S FARMERS SAY THEY'RE BEING UNFAIRLY BLAMED FOR POLLUTION IN THE GULF OF MEXICO. DETAILS IN THIS WEEK'S AGRICULTURE BRIEFS. HERE'S ROB SIVAK:

    TEXT: UNITED STATES TRADE OFFICIALS SAY THEY ARE PRESSING AHEAD WITH PLANS TO IMPOSE PUNITIVE DUTIES ON 202 MILLION DOLLARS WORTH OF EXPORTS FROM THE 15-NATION EUROPEAN UNION, IN RESPONSE TO THE E-U'S FAILURE TO LIFT ITS 10-YEAR BAN ON U-S BEEF RAISED WITH GROWTH-PROMOTING HORMONES. THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION HAS RULED EUROPE'S BAN TO BE AN ILLEGAL TRADE BARRIER. IT HAD ORDERED THE E-U EITHER TO LIFT THE BAN BY MAY 13TH OR PROVIDE FINANCIAL COMPENSATION TO BOTH U-S AND CANADIAN BEEF EXPORTERS.

    EUROPEAN UNION OFFICIALS INSIST THEIR REFUSAL TO LIFT THE HORMONE BAN BY THE DEADLINE IS NOT TRADE PROTECTIONISM. THEY SAY IT IS BASED ON NEW SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE THAT ONE OF THE HORMONES USED BY U-S AND CANADIAN BEEF PRODUCERS COULD POSE HUMAN HEALTH RISKS. TASSOS HANIOTIS IS AGRICULTURAL ATTACHE WITH THE E-U'S DELEGATION IN WASHINGTON:

    TAPE: CUT ONE -- HANIOTIS :27 "THE MEASURE WE HAVE TAKEN IS LINKED TO PUBLIC HEALTH CONCERNS, AND CONSUMER CONCERNS. AND UNLESS THESE CONCERNS ARE MET, AND UNLESS THERE IS SUFFICIENT EVIDENCE THAT WOULD INDICATE THERE IS NO RISK FROM USE OF THESE HORMONES, OR SUFFICIENT EVIDENCE FOR DECIDING ONE WAY OR THE OTHER BASED ON SCIENCE, WE CANNOT DO ANYTHING BUT STAY WHERE WE ARE RIGHT NOW."

    TEXT: MR. HANIOTIS SAYS A FINAL ASSESSMENT OF THAT SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE COULD COME BEFORE THE END OF THIS YEAR. IN THE MEANTIME, THE EUROPEAN UNION HAS GONE TO THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION TO CHALLENGE THE AMOUNT OF PUNITIVE TARIFFS THE U-S HAS THREATENED TO IMPOSE. A W-T-O ARBITRATION PANEL WILL RULE ON THE MATTER BY JULY 12. THE E-U IS PROPOSING THAT WASHINGTON ACCEPT COMPENSATION FOR THE CONTINUED HORMONE BAN IN THE FORM OF EXPANDED ACCESS TO THE E-U MARKET FOR OTHER U-S GOODS. U-S OFFICIALS SAY THEY ARE STUDYING THE IDEA. CART: MUSIC BRIDGE :06

    AN INTENSE HEAT WAVE ACROSS MUCH OF THE EASTERN AND NORTHEASTERN UNITED STATES THIS PAST WEEK HAS A LOT OF FARMERS WORRIED ABOUT THEIR NEW CROPS. THE U-S DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE'S CHIEF WEATHER ANALYST, AL PETERLIN, SAYS A WEEK OF RECORD-BREAKING HIGH TEMPERATURES NEAR 40 DEGREES CELSIUS, AND AN UNSEASONABLE ABSENCE OF RAIN IN MANY PLACES, HAVE SPOILED WHAT HAD BEEN EXCELLENT PLANTING AND GROWING CONDITIONS:

    TAPE: CUT TWO-- PETERLIN :15 "CROPS THAT WERE IN EARLY ENOUGH THAT THEY ARE ABLE TO SEEK SOME OF THE DEEPER MOISTURE PROBABLY WILL BE OKAY IF WE GET SOME MOISTURE THROUGHOUT THE REMAINDER OF THE GROWING SEASON. BUT CROPS THAT ARE RECENTLY PLANTED OR NOT YET PLANTED WILL NOT HAVE ADEQUATE MOSITURE TO GERMINATE."

    TEXT: MR. PETERLIN SAYS THE SHORT-TERM FORECAST FOR THE EASTERN UNITED STATES SHOWS VERY LITTLE, IF ANY, RAIN LIKELY TO FALL ON THE REGION'S PARCHED CROPLANDS. CART: MUSIC BRIDGE : 05

    U-S FARM LEADERS SAY AGRICULTURE HAS BEEN UNFAIRLY BLAMED FOR A POLLUTION PROBLEM IN THE GULF OF MEXICO. RECENT U-S ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES HAVE CITED FARM CHEMICAL POLLUTION OF THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER AS A MAJOR CAUSE OF THE GULF'S SO-CALLED DEAD ZONE. COVERING TWO THOUSAND SQUARE KILOMETERS NEAR THE MISSISSIPPI'S MOUTH, THE ZONE SUFFERS FROM WHAT SCIENTISTS CALL "HYPOXIA." MASSIVE ALGAE BLOOMS HAVE ROBBED THE GULF WATERS OF LIGHT AND OXYGEN. HYPOXIA HAS KILLED OR DRIVEN AWAY MILLIONS OF FISH.

    BUT A NEW STUDY BY THE AMERICAN FARM BUREAU FEDERATION SAYS NUTRIENT POLLUTION IN THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER HAS BEEN DECLINING STEADILY OVER THE PAST TWO DECADES, AS FARMERS HAVE REDUCED FERTILIZER USE AND ADOPTED BETTER CONSERVATION PRACTICES. THE FARM BUREAU STUDY SUGGESTS MUCH OF THE BLAME FOR THE DEAD ZONE TODAY RESTS WITH URBAN AND INDUSTRIAL POLLUTERS LOCATED ALL ACROSS THE MISSISSIPPI'S VAST WATERSHED. IN WASHINGTON, I'M ROB SIVAK.
    NEB/RMS/BC
    10-Jun-99 5:23 PM EDT (2123 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


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