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Voice of America, 99-08-10
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From: The Voice of America <gopher://gopher.voa.gov>
 KOSOVO / NATO (L ONLY) BY PHILIP SMUCKER (LUZANE, YUGOSLAVIA)DATE=8/10/1999
INTRO: NATO forces in Kosovo are stepping up patrols around the homes of elderly Serb women who have become the targets of Albanian gangs. Philip Smucker reports from the Kosovo town of Luzane.
TEXT: British peacekeeping troops in Kosovo say Serb
grandmother Godsa Draza was a special friend in an
area where most Serb residents had fled. A British
officer said his forces respected the 78-year-old
woman because of her stubborn refusal to leave.
British troops had stopped at Mrs. Draza's home two
times a day in unscheduled, "surprise" visits meant to
keep would-be assailants off guard.
But the British officer said the murderers came
sometime on Monday, bashing in the front gate and
entering the two-bedroom home, where they shot the
grandmother twice through the chest. They then
covered her body with hay.
NATO forces -- particularly in the British sector of
Kosovo -- have now stepped up patrols around the homes
of elderly Serb women. But the incident in Luzane,
and an earlier killing of a grandmother drowned by
assailants in her bathtub, have raised questions about
the effectiveness of the protection.
NATO forces also reported Tuesday that a Serb man was
killed and his wife was injured by Albanian gunmen in
their apartment building in the German sector in the
city of Prizren.
A Serb woman and her two-year-old daughter were shot
in the American zone near the town of Pones.
United Nations officials estimate that 130-thousand
Serbs have abandoned their homes out of fear of
revenge attacks since the end of the NATO air strikes
and the deployment of NATO-led peacekeeping troops in
Also on Tuesday, French Defense Minister Alain Richard
visited French troops in the troubled city of Kosovska
Mitrovica. There was no repeat of the rioting by
Kosovar Albanians that left one French soldier
severely injured on Monday.
 EDITORIAL: MONTENEGRO SEEKS REFORMDATE=8/11/1999
THIS IS THE ONLY EDITORIAL BEING RELEASED
FOR BROADCAST 8/11/99.
Anncr: The Voice of America presents differing
points of view on a wide variety of issues. Next,
an editorial expressing the policies of the United
Voice: Montenegro's patience with Serbia is
running out. Opposed to the belligerent policies
of the Slobodan Milosevic regime in Belgrade, the
Montenegrin government of Milo Djukanovic [Me-low
Dyou-khan-oh-vitch] has proposed an overhaul of
the Yugoslav federation. It would ensure that
Montenegro's efforts to implement political and
economic reform are not held back by Serbia's
refusal to do likewise. The Montenegrin government
is already frustrated by the lack of cooperation
from Serbia, which has made it impossible to carry
out many key reforms.
Montenegro has been spared the death and
destruction unleashed by Slobodan Milosevic on the
rest of Yugoslavia. In explaining the proposal
which Montenegro's democratic, pro-Western
government sent to Belgrade, Deputy Prime Minister
Dragisa Durzan [Drah-jee-sah Duhr-tsan] said, "We
are trying to protect Montenegro from Serbia."
The best solution would be for Serbia itself to
choose the path of reform. In a democratic Federal
Republic of Yugoslavia, the rights of citizens
from all ethnic and religious groups would be
protected. Montenegro's constitutional rights and
powers would be respected. The economic plight of
Serbs, moreover, could be addressed through the
kind of economic liberalization that the
Montenegrin government of Milo Djukanovic has
sought to implement. Currently, many Serbs go for
months without pay, even when they are fortunate
enough to have jobs.
The people of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
do not deserve more years of suffering. They
certainly do not need another war. They need new
leadership, committed to making the political and
economic changes necessary to restore Yugoslavia's
rightful place in Europe.
President Djukanovic represents Montenegro's
determination to make such a change. Serbia
should follow suit. The governments of the
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Serbia should
step down now and make way for the inevitable
change of leadership, accomplished through free
and fair elections.
Anncr: That was an editorial expressing the
policies of the United States Government. If you
have a comment, please write to Editorials, V-O-A,
Washington, D-C, 20547, U-S-A. You may also
comment at www-dot-voa-dot-gov-slash-editorials,
or fax us at (202) 619-1043.
10-Aug-1999 15:23 PM EDT (10-Aug-1999 1923 UTC)
 RUSSIA POL / CAUCASUS (L)) BY PETER HEINLEIN (MOSCOW)DATE=8/10/1999
INTRO: Senior Russian officials say a Muslim uprising in the southern republic of Dagestan is controllable, and could be crushed within two-weeks. But as V-O-A's Peter Heinlein reports from Moscow, the insurgents reportedly have captured another village and declared independence from Russia.
TEXT: A fourth-day of fighting is reported around several villages along Dagestan's border with breakaway Chechnya. Russian officials say government troops drove out Islamic rebels at two places, and have them surrounded at two others. The reports could not be independently confirmed. In Moscow, Army Chief of Staff Anatoly Kvashnin said the situation in Dagestan has changed and is now controllable. Acting Prime Minister Vladimir Putin boldly predicted the fighting would be over within a couple weeks.
NEB/PFH/JWH/RAE 10-Aug-1999 09:31 AM EDT (10-Aug-1999 1331 UTC)
Source: Voice of America
 RUSSIA POL - CAUCASUS (L UPDATE) BY PETER HEINLEIN (MOSCOW)DATE=8/10/1999
INTRO: Acting Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin has pledged to quickly crush a Muslim insurgency in the southern republic of Dagestan. Correspondent Peter Heinlein in Moscow reports the newly appointed prime minister has been thrust into the center of Russia's worst security crisis since the war in Chechnya.
TEXT: In his first full day on the job, acting Prime Minister Putin held a Kremlin strategy session with President Boris Yeltsin on how to quell the Islamic uprising spreading through the northern Caucasus, around breakaway Chechnya. Afterward, the tough-talking former K-G-B spy boldly predicted government troops would promptly defeat the insurgents.
NEB/PFH/JWH/RAE 10-Aug-1999 13:23 PM EDT (10-Aug-1999 1723 UTC)
Source: Voice of America
 TURKEY / IRAN (L ONLY) BY AMBERIN ZAMAN (ANKARA)DATE=8/10/1999
INTRO: Turkey and Iran appear to have ironed out their differences over an alleged border incursion by Turkish forces. Amberin Zaman in Ankara reports Turkish and Iranian security officials discussed the matter in talks Tuesday in the Turkish capital.
TEXT: Speaking to reporters after day-long talks
with Turkish officials, Iran's deputy interior
minister said -- in his words -- that differences
between his country and Turkey over the dispute
are gradually disappearing.
Iran last month accused Turkey of bombing Iranian
territory and killing five Iranians. Turkey
denied the claims, saying its forces struck rebel
Kurd bases in Iraq, not in Iran.
Tensions between the two regional rivals
escalated when Iran arrested two Turkish soldiers
who crossed into Iranian territory in pursuit of
rebels of the outlawed Kurdistan Worker's party
or P-K-K. The soldiers were released Monday
after weeks of wrangling between Turkish and
Iranian officials who have been demanding an
official apology from the Turkish government
along with compensation for the alleged air
Iran accused Turkey at the time of acting under
orders from the United States and Israel. Turkey
says Iran is providing arms and shelter to P-K-K
Turkey says many of the P-K-K rebels shifted
their bases to Iran after Syria expelled P-K-K
forces last October along with their now-
imprisoned leader, Abdullah Ocalan. Turkey had
threatened Syria with military action if it
failed to do so.
Iran says it does not allow the P-K-K to
operate out of its territory. But Turkish
officials are expected to present their Iranian
counterparts during a second round of talks here
with what Turkish officials describe as
irrefutable evidence of the P-K-K presence in
 BRITAN / PINOCHET (L ONLY) BY LAURIE KASSMAN (LONDON)DATE=8/10/1999
INTRO: The son of former Chilean ruler Augosto Pinochet is urging British authorities to let his father go home because his health is quickly failing. As Correspondent Laurie Kassman reports from London, Mr. Pinochet faces extradition to Spain on charges of human rights crimes after he seized power in a bloody 1973 coup.
TEXT: A British newspaper, "The Daily Telegraph",
reports it has obtained a medical report compiled by
British and Chilean doctors indicating General
Pinochet is suffering from diabetes, heart disease,
and several other ailments.
The 83-year-old former Chilean ruler is under house
detention in a London suburb until his extradition
case gets underway next month.
Mr. Pinochet's youngest son is appealing to British
authorities to let his ailing father go home. Amnesty
International lawyers say his state of health should
not influence the extradition case against him.
The appeal follows Spanish newspaper reports that
Madrid is considering Chile's request for
international arbitration to decide if Spain has
jurisdiction to prosecute Mr. Pinochet for alleged
crimes committed in Chile.
A Spanish judge wants Mr. Pinochet prosecuted for
human-rights abuses during his 17-year rule in Chile.
Spain's government says it has no intention to
interfere with the legal proceedings. (SIGNED)
 N-Y ECON WRAP (S & L) BY BRECK ARDERY (NEW YORK)DATE=8/10/1999
INTRO: Stock prices in the United States were down today (Tuesday) as traders again focused on rising interest rates. V-O-A Business Correspondent Breck Ardery reports from New York.
TEXT: The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed at 10- thousand-655, down 52 points, about half a percent. The Standard and Poor's 500 index closed at 12- hundred-82, down 16 points. The NASDAQ index lost one percent. Stock prices were down sharply most of the day with the Industrial Average down more than 100 points until the last hour of trading when bargain hunters entered the market. There was continued uneasiness on Wall Street about rising interest rates and uncertainty about how high they will go.
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Source: Voice of America
 TUESDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ANDREW GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)DATE=8/10/1999
TYPE=U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST
INTRO: From one end of the nation to the other, the U-S press is reacting -- quickly and with some frustration and trepidation -- to the latest political shakeup in Russia. Other topics include: a new outbreak of fighting within the Russian federation; the troubled peacekeeping effort in Kosovo; what many Western observers see as a senseless war between Ethiopia and Eritrea; the expanding North Korean missile threat; and a critical look at U-S foreign policy overall. Now, here with an excerpt or two and a closer look is ____________ and today's Editorial Digest.
TEXT: Dozens of U-S papers are leading their editorial columns with the latest shakeup in the Kremlin, wherein ailing president Boris Yeltsin has named yet another prime minister, former Russian security-service chief Vladimir Putin. // OPT In Ohio, The [Cleveland] Plain Dealer titled its commentary "Dupe du jour?" // END OPT //
VOICE: Another day, another Russian prime minister. A slight exaggeration, of course: The actual figure is four prime ministers in 17 months. But while that rate of turnover would raise nary an eyebrow in Italy, it's a little un-nerving in the world's second-largest nuclear power. ... [Mr.] Yeltsin's latest top minion ... has spent most of his career in the Soviet K-G-B and its post-Communist successor, the Federal Security Service. Nothing in that career has prepared him to manage the nation's battered economy ... by far his most important task ...
TEXT: Disagreeing, The St. Paul [Minnesota] Pioneer Press says if world reaction is any indicator, this is not such a worrying development.
VOICE: As a measure of how commonplace chaos is in Russian governing, the financial markets outside Russia barely sneezed. Political turmoil has become the norm there, requiring agility in the international communities. The wildly unpredictable [Mr.] Yeltsin has sacked four prime ministers in less than a year and a half, with increasing frequency. The present shakeup portends election politics, but also reinforces to the outside world Russia's inability to cope.
TEXT: The New York Post, calling this "Boris'[s] Latest Wobble" adds that the "move ... serves no one's interests but his [Yeltsin's] own ... [and] bodes ill for a country ... riddled with organized-crime corruption. Newsday, the leading daily on New York's Long Island, says Mr. Yeltsin's "mercurial" policies are pushing Russia into a new round of turmoil. And The New York Times says:
VOICE: In picking ... a succession of mediocre Prime Ministers ... Mr. Yeltsin mistakes fealty for leadership and fails to recognize that such rapid turnover in the Kremlin is likely to discredit anyone associated with him.
TEXT: Still with Russia, a new outbreak of fighting in the Caucasus region, between the Russian army and Islamic rebels in Dagestan, on the Caspian Sea, draws this reaction from Boston's Christian Science Monitor.
VOICE: Under President Boris Yeltsin, premiers come and go like circus bears on bicycles. But not so for the parts of Russia itself. That's why a new war by Muslim fighters to break off the impoverished land of Dagestan ... has the attention of Russia's military commanders more than yesterday's changing of the Kremlin guard. ... The war being waged for an independent and Islamic Dagestan - like the 1994-96 war to create a free Chechnya - has a tip-of-the iceberg quality to it.
TEXT: From Russia's troubles we move to Kosovo, where ethnic Albanians who recently suffered under the Serb military are now carrying out revenge attacks on Serb civilians, despite NATO's efforts to stop the violence. The situation causes The Detroit News to wonder whether Kosovo is a "Victory or Quagmire?"
VOICE: There have been troubling reminders from Kosovo recently that NATO's "victory" over the Serbs may only be leading the West deeper into a quagmire. ... Now Lt. General Sir Michael Jackson, chief of the peacekeeping forces, is openly telling news agencies that his 30-thousand troops may be losing control of the situation. The Scottish general has also expressed concern at the failure of the united Nations to raise, train and deliver an international police force that could ... begin the transition from military rule to some semblance of civil law.
TEXT: More than halfway round the world, other ethnic strife between the Ethiopians and the Eritreans draws this condemnation from the Boston Globe.
VOICE: Wars, once started, are often difficult to end. Eritrea's acceptance of a plan to end its 15- month conflict with Ethiopia offers hope that both nations will see the folly of continuing to fight over border lands that have little value either economically or symbolically. ... If the fighting continues, the entire Horn of Africa could be destabilized.
TEXT: With the possibility of a new and much longer range North Korean missile approaching the launch pad, The Chicago Tribune is talking about North Korea's "blackmail."
VOICE: Like a bratty [ill-mannered] child who would rather get in trouble than be ignored, the Stalinist regime that rules North Korea is always looking for ways to get the world's attention. It has found a good one in its ... new long-range missile that could overfly Japan on its way to Alaska or Hawaii. ... The new weapon would have only a modest effect on the military balance. ... But for anyone looking for signs that North Korea will never abandon its belligerent intransigence toward the outside world, the test provides grim proof.
TEXT: American foreign policy in general comes in for some criticism as confusing and contradictory from the Fort Worth Star-Telegram in Texas, which cites as its prime example recent dealings with the Sudan.
VOICE: Take, for example, the recent move to ease economic sanctions against Sudan. The African nation remains on the State Department's list as an exporter of terrorism. A year ago, the United States bombed a pharmaceutical factory there because of that country's alleged ties with Osama bin Laden, the reported muscle behind last year's attacks on U-S embassies in Africa. Yet Sudan will not join Libya and Iran -- also on the terrorism list - in being able to receive food and humanitarian aid.
TEXT: Lastly, The Denver Post addresses a rumor of possible past cocaine use by the established front- running Republican presidential candidate and Texas governor, George W. Bush.
VOICE: Political pundits and most Republican candidates for president are, more or less, in agreement that ... [Mr.] Bush should have to answer reporters' questions on whether he has ever used cocaine. ... It's widely predicted [Mr.] Bush will be unable to avoid an answer, if for no other reason than that a fellow Republican is likely to confront him later in the campaign. ... For our part we make no assumption that [Governor] Bush is trying to hide anything. We take him at face value that he is trying to redirect the political discussion back to the issues and has merely decided where to draw the line in discussing his earlier life. If that is what it is, then his decision signals a most welcome change in American politics.
TEXT: On that political note from the Denver Post, we
conclude this sampling of editorial comment from the
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