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Voice of America, 99-08-30

Voice of America: Selected Articles Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Voice of America <gopher://gopher.voa.gov>


CONTENTS

  • [01] KOSOVO-BIDEN (L-ONLY) BY TIM BELAY (PRISTINA,KOSOVO)
  • [02] RED CROSS - KOSOVO (L-ONLY) BY LISA SCHLEIN (GENEVA)
  • [03] TURKEY-MONDAY (S-ONLY) BY SCOTT BOBB (ISTANBUL)
  • [04] TURKEY PSYCHOLOGISTS BY SCOTT BOBB (ISTANBUL)
  • [05] RUSSIAN / DAGESTAN BY PETER HEINLEIN (MOSCOW)
  • [06] EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)
  • [07] I-R-A THREATS (L-O) BY LAURIE KASSMAN (LONDON)
  • [08] N-Y ECON WRAP (S & L) BY BRECK ARDERY (NEW YORK)
  • [09] MONDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ANDREW GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)

  • [01] KOSOVO-BIDEN (L-ONLY) BY TIM BELAY (PRISTINA,KOSOVO)

    DATE=8/30/1999
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-253272
    INTERNET=YES CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: One of the top foreign policy experts in the United States Congress arrived in Kosovo Monday. Tim Belay reports from Pristina that U-S Senator Joseph Biden came with a stern warning for the Kosovao Liberatiuon Army (K-L-A).

    TEXT: Senator Biden, a member of the democratic Party from the state of Delaware in the United States, was a leading supporter of the use of the U-S military against Yugoslav Armed Forces in Kosovo. Now, he says the Kosovo Liberation Army must meet a September 19th dealine for total demobilization if Kosovar ethnic Albanians want to enjoy the continued support of the U-S Conmgress.

    /// Biden act ///

    If it appeared as though the very forces we came and the people we came to help were now not engaged in a path that was moving toward democratization, that support from the United States Congress would evaporate overnite.

    /// End act ///

    Still, Senator Biden told reporters gathered in Pristina Monday that he fully expects the K-L-A to meet its self-imposed deadlines for disarmament. He says while United States leaders want to see a multi- ethnic Kosovo, with Serbs and Albanians living together, such an outcome takes time.

    /// Biden act ///

    But I think it would be a stragedy and a mistake of historical propotions if the West concluded that there was no possibility of multi-ethnicity in Kosovo and there was a de-facto partitioning or a cantonization of Kosovo.

    ///End act ///

    Bernard Kouchner, the leader of the United Nations Mission in Kosovo, last week came out strongly against a proposal by the local Serb minority to partition the province. Richard Holdbrooke, the new U-S Ambassador to the United Nations, says the United States also will not support splitting up Kosovo. Mr. Holdbrooke, an experienced Balkans negotiator, finished a three-day visit to Kosovo Monday. He says ethnic differences in this region can be explained by using simple trerms.

    /// Holdbrooke act ///

    They're just racism. It's just another fancy word for racism. There's no other way around it, and we have to face it and there's no other way for it and the Serbs of this region have an historic right to live here too, but the events of the last decade have made that incredibly difficult.

    /// end act ///

    Senator Biden says Kosovo has a chance for a multi- ethnic future of Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic leaves office, and if the Balkan region becomes more intergrated into Europe. (Signed)
    NEB/PT 30-Aug-1999 15:28 PM EDT (30-Aug-1999 1928 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [02] RED CROSS - KOSOVO (L-ONLY) BY LISA SCHLEIN (GENEVA)

    DATE=8/30/1999
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-253251
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: The International Committee of the Red Cross estimates that about two-thousand ethnic Albanians who lived in Kosovo are being detained in Serbian prisons. Lisa Schlein in Geneva reports the Red Cross says it is possible that several thousand others may also be detained.

    TEXT: The International Committee of the Red Cross says some of the ethnic Albanians were detained in Serbia even before the war began. Others were moved there during NATO's three-month bombing campaign against Yugoslavia which took place between March and June. The rest were taken to Serbia when Yugoslav forces withdrew from Kosovo. Edith Baeriswyl has headed the Red Cross mission in Kosovo since May. She says Serb authorities have provided a list of two-thousand detained ethnic Albanians. But she says it is likely many others are also being held. She says the Red Cross has no exact figure on how many people remain unaccounted for.

    ///BAERISWYL ACT///

    We know that some Albanian leaders are talking about five-thousand people. Some others are talking about eight-thousand. But, we really don't know for the time being.

    ///END ACT///

    In July and August, Red Cross delegates carried out a census of the ethnic Albanian prisoners to see if it matched the list drawn up by the Serbian authorities. During this period, delegates had private talks with a few selected prisoners and re-established contact between all the prisoners and their families. Pierre Kraehenbuehl heads the Red Cross Task Force for the Balkans. He says early next month, Red Cross delegates will begin regular visits and will have comprehensive private talks with the Kosovar prisoners. He says the Red Cross will verify and compare the list of people already seen with names of people whom relatives in Kosovo allege to have been arrested.

    ///KRAEHENBUEHL ACT///

    If we find that there are cases where really indications lead us to believe that they are detained somewhere, that we then follow those matters up with the authorities concerned. I think that is very much what we're going to be doing in weeks to come.

    ///END ACT///

    Mr. Kraehenbuel says the Red Cross is still trying to trace the whereabouts of 144 Serbs who reportedly were abducted by ethnic Albanians last year. In addition, he says the Red Cross has recently registered reports of several dozen Serbs and Gypsies who are allegedly being held by Kosovo Albanian forces. So far, the Red Cross has received no clarification of these cases. Mr. Kraehenbuel calls this "very worrying." (Signed)
    NEB/LS/PCF 30-Aug-1999 08:12 AM EDT (30-Aug-1999 1212 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [03] TURKEY-MONDAY (S-ONLY) BY SCOTT BOBB (ISTANBUL)

    DATE=8/30/1999
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-253267
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: Banks and government offices were closed in Turkey today (Monday) as the country marked an important national day holiday. But Correspondent Scott Bobb reports from Istanbul that most celebrations were canceled, as Turks continue to mourn victims of the earthquake in which more than 14- thousand deaths have been recorded.

    TEXT: Officials laid wreaths at monuments to modern Turkey's founding father, Kemal Ataturk, but parades and most ceremonies were canceled. The atmosphere was somber as efforts continue to provide shelter to the estimated one-half-million people made homeless by the disaster. Most of the destroyed buildings in Istanbul have been cleared, but it will take months to clear the rubble of the thousands of buildings near the quake's epicenter in northwestern Turkey. The Turkish government is seeking foreign funds to finance the reconstruction, estimated at 10-billion dollars. And psychologists have been sent to the region to counsel the thousands of people suffering from shock and trauma. (SIGNED)
    NEB/SB/PCF/RAE 30-Aug-1999 12:38 PM LOC (30-Aug-1999 1638 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [04] TURKEY PSYCHOLOGISTS BY SCOTT BOBB (ISTANBUL)

    DATE=8/30/1999
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-44160
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: In Turkey, the efforts continue to clear rubble from the earthquake which struck nearly two weeks ago. The disaster has left hundreds of thousands of homeless people, and psychologists have begun to move into the area to help people deal with the trauma. Correspondent Scott Bobb reports that the large number of people affected by the quake is making the job very difficult.

    TEXT: Mehmet is lying on a cot in the intensive care tent of the field hospital in Adapazari, one of the hardest hit cities in western Turkey. He says he doesn't remember the earthquake because he was unconscious for a long time, but when he awoke he was lying in his bed under tons of debris. He says it took rescue workers seven hours to free him. His legs are injured and he cannot walk.

    ///MEHMET ACT IN TURKISH - in full, then under voice///
    Mehmet says he lost his son in another house and he is very sad. Psychologists say people like Mehmet will need years to recover from the psychological scars of the disaster. They say the unexpected ferocity and destruction of an earthquake causes shock. And what they call the tragic, sometimes grotesque scenes cause trauma. Rune Stuvland (roo-nee stuv-land) is a team leader sent to Turkey by the United Nations Children's Fund, UNICEF.

    ///STUVLAND ACT///

    One important message that we are giving as a program to the affected population is that even though they may be very, very shaken and indeed very, very traumatized, they are definitely not turning insane. There's a lot of stigma and there's a lot of suspicion toward these very strong symptoms people are experiencing, because the symptoms can be absolutely overwhelming.

    ///END ACT///

    Mr. Stuvland says people often re-experience what has happened to them following disasters. They hear sounds. They see things. They have nightmares. He says after an earthquake, programs are needed to reach as many people as possible -- as quickly as possible -- which is not the usual manner of treatment in the mental health field. He says the challenge is to find the most efficient ways to help.

    ///OPT///

    Many Turks have expressed anger toward their government for its slow response to the disaster. The head of an emergency task force of the Turkish Psychological Association, Professor Nail Sahin, says such anger is a normal response.

    ///SAHIN ACT///

    Every individual in such a situation expects immediate help and any delay, even a one-second delay in the help, causes anger. Anger first of all to the event itself. It's an unexpected thing and people cannot understand if they deserved it or not.

    ///END ACT///

    UNICEF's Rune Stuvland says children, in particular, need special attention. Those who do not receive immediate support, he says, often have an increase in symptoms several years later.

    ///SECOND STUVLAND ACT///

    I talked to a little girl who lived in an apartment block that did not collapse. But all the apartment blocks surrounding her collapsed. And she came into the garden, literally walking over the mutilated and dying bodies and knowing that all her best friends were in the collapsed building, and they were all dead, of course.

    ///END ACT///

    Mr. Stuvland says such trauma, if not treated, has a strong, negative impact on a child's development.

    ///END OPT.///

    Psychology Professor Nail Sahin says the first reaction of most people is denial, so early treatment focuses on helping victims express their feelings, their grief. If they want to cry, he says, they are encouraged to cry.

    ///SECOND SAHIN ACT///

    And this process continues and gradually they reach a stage where they can talk more calmly about the situation, they can look at the event from different perspectives, and they can mobilize their own resources to solve the problem and to come back to life, if you like.

    ///END ACT.///

    Professor Sahin's association has sent 100 specialists to the region. //OPT// He says they will spend about one week in the field before being replaced by another group. More than one-thousand counselors will eventually be sent. //END OPT// They will counsel individual victims. But because of the great number of victims, he says, they will also be teaching counseling techniques to other professionals, like teachers and health workers. Because of the long-term effects of the earthquake, he expects the program will last several years. (Signed)
    NEB/SB/PCF/PLM 30-Aug-1999 05:31 AM EDT (30-Aug-1999 0931 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [05] RUSSIAN / DAGESTAN BY PETER HEINLEIN (MOSCOW)

    DATE=8/30/1999
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-44161
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: Russian forces last week declared victory over Muslim insurgents who captured several villages in the remote mountains of the southern Dagestan region. But that declaration may have been premature. Just a few days later, Russian helicopter gunships and artillery are back in action against the insurgents at another village not far from the scene of the earlier fighting. Moscow Correspondent Peter Heinlein examines the roots of the Dagestani uprising.

    TEXT: President Boris Yeltsin paid solemn tribute (Monday) to Russian troops killed battling Islamic rebels in the mountainous Botlikh district of Dagestan. He told relatives of the dead soldiers there would be no letup in the campaign to crush the insurgency.

    ///YELTSIN ACT IN RUSSIAN, THEN FADE TO...///
    He says -- Dagestan will be cleansed. Dagestan will be free, and the time will come when you will smile again. As Mr. Yeltsin spoke, Russian helicopters and artillery had switched their focus to the village of Karamakhi, about 80-kilometers from Botlikh, where many of the insurgents are believed to have fled. Dagestani journalist Nabi Abdullaev says federal forces are targeting members of the militant Wahhabi sect that imposed Islamic Sharia law in the Karamakhi region last year.

    /// ABDULLAEV ACT ///

    Saturday, Russian helicopters dropped leaflets calling for the peaceful population to leave Karamakhi by midnight. By that time, Karamakhi was surrounded and blocked by internal forces of the Russian ministry of defense and Dagestani interior. After midday Sunday, Russian helicopters started to launch rockets at the Wahhabi positions around the village.

    /// END ACT ///

    Experts say the Wahhabi sect has experienced sharp growth in Dagestan, which is among the poorest regions in Russia. They estimate 80-thousand Dagestanis, or four-percent of the total population, are members of the puritanical Islamic sect. Russian analysts say the reason the Dagestani uprising has failed to engender widespread support, while the one in Chechnya succeeded, is that the ethnic makeups of the neighboring regions are fundamentally different. While both populations are overwhelmingly Muslim, Chechnya is a homogeneous republic. Dagestan is a mix of more than 30-different ethnic communities that often disagree among themselves. But reporter Abdullaev says Russian and Dagestani government forces, flushed with their success in Botlikh district, may be making a strategic mistake by changing their focus from fighting separatism to battling Islamic fundamentalism.

    /// ABDULLAEV ACT ///

    There was a kind of euphoria after the victory in the Botlikh region, and having gained public support for their action, the Dagestani government is trying to solve quickly another problem that was pending for years. And I think this was a mistake.

    /// END ACT ///

    Federal forces seem determined to rout the Islamic fighters at Karamakhi, just as they did in Botlikh last week. Prime Minister Vladimir Putin may have best articulated the rationale for the campaign during a visit last week to the troops in Dagestan. Mr. Putin, who played an important role as senior intelligence officer during the failed Chechnya campaign, was shown on television addressing soldiers gathered around him in a tent. He said -- we cannot show weakness for even one second. If we do, those who were killed will have died in vain. (SIGNED)
    NEB/PFH/GE/RAE 30-Aug-1999 13:26 PM LOC (30-Aug-1999 1726 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [06] EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)

    DATE=8/30/1999
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-44163
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    /////

    RE-PRINTING WITH CORRECT BKG. NUMBER. /////

    INTRO: The European Parliament has begun confirmation hearings on the 19 commissioners nominated to the new executive body known as the European Commission. Correspondent Ron Pemstein reports from Brussels the hearings are likely to set the tone between a newly appointed commission and a newly elected parliament.

    TEXT: The last time the European Parliament clashed with the European Commission, the Parliament won. The Commission was forced to resign for the first time in its history last March. The resignation followed a parliamentary report that accused the Commission of fraud, mismanagement, and nepotism. To show how things have changed, former Commission President Jacques Santer is now a member of the newly elected European Parliament. His successor as Commission President, former Italian Prime Minister Romano Prodi, has forced his 19-commissioners to publish their private interests and to sign a code of conduct that rules out conflicts of interest. Mr. Prodi's spokesman, Ricardo Levi, tells reporters the new commission is ready for the parliament's questions.

    /// LEVI ACT ///

    The hearings will offer a precious occasion and a precious opportunity for beginning a dialogue and beginning cooperation with the European Parliament that is bound to strengthen institutions, the Commission and the European Parliament.

    /// END ACT ///

    If all goes well, the new commissioners and the parliament elected last June will cooperate in strengthening their monetary union, in enlarging the union to new members in Central and Eastern Europe, and in developing a new defense strategy. If the hearings during the next week go badly, the Parliament can reject the new commission when it votes on September 15th. Already there are rumblings of discontent. German conservatives in parliament are angry that the two German commissioners represent the ruling "Social Democrats" and "Green's" parties and not the opposition "Christian Democrats". British conservatives are angry that four members of the new Commission were also members of the disgraced Commission. Just as the European Parliament has developed new power, it has also become more conservative. For the first time in its 20-year history, the Parliament has a right-wing majority. The low turnout among European voters last June produced the swing to the right even though the left runs 11 of the European Union's 15- governments. The conservatives are irritated that Mr. Prodi, in consultation with the governments, has appointed only about six Commissioners from the center-right. The new commissioners have filled out written questions from the parliament, but those answers have been attacked as being vague and weak. The first witness to face questioning in public was Spain's Loyola de Palacio. She is the designated commissioner in charge of relations with the European Parliament along with her responsibilities for energy and transport policies. The parliamentary committee lost no time in confronting Mrs. Palacio about a scandal in Spain when she was the Spanish Agriculture Minister. British Labor Party member Brian Simpson rejected her contention the Spanish prosecutor has cleared her of any responsibility.

    /// SIMPSON ACT ///

    Officials in the department that you led have resigned and if you do not believe your position is untenable, what are you going to do as a commissioner if allegations of a similar nature were brought against officials in your directorate-general of the commission? Do you feel that you can really act as a Vice President of the Commission with a major responsibility for reform if this matter is not resolved, if there are allegations hanging over you?

    /// END ACT ///

    Mrs. Palacio was elected to this parliament, but declined a seat to take the job as a Commissioner. She insists, through an interpreter, this is all politics.

    /// PALACIO ACT W/INTERPRETER ///

    Never, even when the most vehement attacks were being made by the opposition on my management, nobody said that I was involved in any fraud. People were just saying "political responsibility," but nobody ever said that I was involved in fraud in any way. That has to be made clear at the criminal level or at any other level, never anything having to do with fraud.

    /// END ACT ///

    /// OPT ///

    There will be other confrontations as the week goes on. The designated Trade Commissioner, Pascal Lamy, is sure to be asked about his responsibility as the chief aide to former Commission President Jacques Delors in setting up the Commission's security service that later became a scandal. The European Parliament does not have the power to reject individual Commissioners. It has to vote them all up or down. /// END OPT /// Commission President Prodi will meet the heads of the political groups next week to make sure that all 19 of his appointments are acceptable to Parliament. He has said he will not change them unless new evidence against them emerges from these hearings. The 626- members of parliament vote on all the commissioners September 15th and the new commission takes office that same week. (SIGNED)
    NEB/RP/GE/RAE 30-Aug-1999 14:57 PM LOC (30-Aug-1999 1857 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [07] I-R-A THREATS (L-O) BY LAURIE KASSMAN (LONDON)

    DATE=8/30/1999
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-253264
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: Seven teenage boys have been forced to leave Northern Ireland after death threats from Irish Republican Army (I-R-A) paramilitaries. Correspondent Laurie Kassman reports from London that the new threats jeopardize the stalled peace process.

    TEXT: The latest I-R-A threat was made against a 19- year-old, who was beaten with clubs and told to get out of Northern Ireland or be shot. Four other teenagers left for London last weekend after receiving I-R-A death threats. A 15-year-old received a similar warning on Sunday. The new death threats follow Britain's Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Marjorie Mowlam's, declaration the cease-fire is still holding. Immediately, the "Ulster Unionist Party" complained that the death threats, sporadic killings, and more than 300 I-R-A beatings, known as `punishment attacks,' in Catholic neighborhoods should be considered violations of the cease-fire. Under the 1998 Good-Friday peace agreement, any political party linked to the offending paramilitary group could be expelled from the peace process. That would jeopardize participation by "Sinn Fein" - the I- R-A's political wing. The Ulster Unionist Party, under the leadership of David Trimble, meets Tuesday to decide whether to go ahead with a critical review of the stalled peace process. The party is also considering a legal challenge to Mrs. Mowlam's ruling. The peace process has been stalled for more than a year over the issue of disarming I-R-A paramilitaries. Protestant First Minister David Trimble refuses to let Sinn Fein join an all-party executive council before the I-R-A starts handing over its weapons. London's transfer of home rule powers to Belfast hinges on setting up the council. Compromise efforts have failed to bridge the gap. A review of the peace process is set to get underway next week. Former U-S Senator George Mitchell, who helped mediate the 1998 peace agreement, is again on hand to offer advice and mediation. (SIGNED)
    NEB/LMK/GE/RAE 30-Aug-1999 11:37 AM LOC (30-Aug-1999 1537 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [08] N-Y ECON WRAP (S & L) BY BRECK ARDERY (NEW YORK)

    DATE=8/30/1999
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-253276
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: Stock prices in the United States were down sharply (Monday) as traders continued to worry about U-S interest rates. Business Correspondent Breck Ardery reports from New York.

    TEXT: The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed at 10- thousand-914, down 176-points or more than one-and- one-half-percent. The Standard and Poor's 500 Index closed at 13-hundred-24, down 24-points. The NASDAQ index lost one-and-one-half-percent. Analysts say both stock and bond traders continued to worry about the possibility of higher interest rates. Many Wall Street observers now say that strong economic statistics may give governors of the U-S central bank the rationale they need to again raise short-term interest rates when they meet in October.

    /// BEGIN OPT ///

    Joseph Finnegan of the C-M-J Investment company says stock traders have moved from worry to relief and back to worry about interest rates.

    /// FINNEGAN ACT ///

    Three-weeks ago, everybody was scared to death they (central bank governors) were going to hike (raise) interest rates. A week ago, they raised them and then everybody thought they would not raise them again for the rest of the year. But we have had some economic numbers come out and the bond market reacted very poorly and our market is reacting to that.

    /// END ACT // END OPT ///

    The government reports new home sales in the United States rose in July to their second-highest level in history. Analysts say the figures were surprising in light of higher mortgage interest rates.

    /// REST OPT ///

    A survey by the U-S central bank shows American commercial banks are tightening their lending terms. Although there is no general reduction in credit availability, many banks are raising interest rates for commercial loans. The price war in the U-S long-distance telephone market continued with an announcement from A-T and T, the nation's largest telecommunications company. A-T and T will cut long-distance charges to seven-cents a minute in an effort to prevent customer defections to M-C-I and Sprint, which are offering plans which include five-cent-a-minute calling. In a separate announcement, A-T and T said it is on track to meet its financial goals this year, but warned the long-distance price war could hurt future revenues. Major U-S tobacco companies announced price increases of 11-percent or about 18-cents per pack of cigarettes. Most of the increase will be applied to the multi-billion dollar settlement that the tobacco industry agreed to pay state governments in return for the states dropping health-related lawsuits. For months there have been rumors the Ford Motor Company will spin-off its Visteon auto parts division into a separate company. But now, there is a report (Automotive News) that the Lear Corporation, another auto-parts company, is negotiating with Ford to buy Visteon for between seven and nine-billion dollars. Neither company had any comment on the report. (SIGNED) NEB/NY/BA/LSF/RAE 30-Aug-1999 19:23 PM LOC (30-Aug-1999 2323 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [09] MONDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ANDREW GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=8/30/1999
    TYPE=U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST
    NUMBER=6-11445
    EDITOR=ASSIGNMENTS
    TELEPHONE=619-3335
    CONTENT=

    INTRO: Scanning the nation's editorial pages this Monday, there is concern over new information about the FBI siege, in 1993, against a religious cult in Waco, Texas. There are also comments about the East Timor election; disturbing, anti-democratic signs in Venezuela; the withdrawal of troops from a still- unstable Haiti; Russia's money problems, a farewell to the MIR space station and an endangered bird is saved in the United States. Now, here is ____________ with a closer look and some excerpts in today's Editorial Digest.

    TEXT: More than six years after an assault by federal law enforcement agents on a heavily armed religious cult outside Waco, Texas, the issue is very much back in the news. A retired Federal Bureau of Investigation official told The Dallas Morning News that the agents used incendiary tear gas canisters in their attack, in which 80 people died. The new information follows six years of denials at all levels of government that federal agents could have caused the fire that consumed several buildings. The Sun in Baltimore says:

    VOICE: The F-B-I assault on the heavily armed and deluded Branch Davidians in Waco . on April 19, 1993 burned into the nation's consciousness and fueled paranoid fantasies that were used as excuses for the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995 and other acts of lawlessness and terrorism. So the nation is entitled to know that it heard the whole truth about Waco, wherever that leads and without public servants protecting their bureaucratic backsides.

    TEXT: "The Los Angeles Times" is calling for an independent investigation of the new information, n o t conducted by the same F-B-I accused of potential mishandling of the siege. And in Georgia, "The Atlanta Journal" comments:

    VOICE: Recent fiascos leave us wondering if anyone's in charge at the Justice Department these days. It certainly doesn't appear to be Attorney General Janet Reno, who seems almost as much in the dark ["uninformed"] about department operations as John Q. Public.

    /// OPT ///

    TEXT: And Little Rock's Arkansas Democrat-Gazette sneers:

    VOICE: Now our attorney general says she is determined to get to "the truth" about what happened that terrible day at Waco, but will the truth she comes up with be any more reliable than the truth she swore she was telling before?

    /// END OPT ///

    TEXT: Turning overseas, the San Francisco Chronicle looks to the troubled island of Timor, in the Indonesian archipelago, where voters on the Eastern half, are choosing either independence from Indonesia or autonomy within Indonesian's government.

    VOICE: After nearly a quarter-century of repression and horror, East Timor is being offered a ray of hope today. . The United States and Australia tacitly allowed Indonesia President Suharto to invade East Timor in 1975 and then declare it the country's 27th province after the collapse of the Portuguese empire. What followed was one of the most gruesome mass slaughters of the century. More than 200-thousand East Timor residents died in the fighting, disease and famine that followed .

    TEXT: There is continued apprehension over the actions of Venezuela's new president who appears, to several U-S dailies, headed on course to become a dictator. Boston's Christian Science Monitor writes:

    VOICE: /// OPT /// If Venezuela weren't the largest oil exporter to the U-S, Washington might not be worried that one of Latin America's oldest democracies has just effectively taken over a corrupt Congress and court system by something close to mob rule. But it is worried, not just because of oil security but because Venezuela might set a precedent in Latin America for rolling back democracy. /// END OPT /// . This throw-the-bums-out approach to cleaning up democratic institutions was led by Hugo Chavez, a former Army officer whose failed 1992 coup led to his election as president last December on a promise of "peaceful social revolution." His tactics . carry a danger that any constitutional government may be stripped of its powers if popular will demands a quick solution.

    TEXT: The concerns of The Christian Science Monitor. Still in the region, there is concern that with the final pullout of U-S troops from Haiti after roughly five years of peacekeeping, the island will revert to lawlessness. The Washington Post calls the U-S intervention "a debacle," while Newsday on New York's Long Island, suggests it may be worth some special maneuvering at the United Nations, giving authority for a peace keeping force to the General Assembly rather than the Security Council to keep it in place. VOICED: ///OPT /// . China is almost certain to use its veto to block renewal of the police mandate, because Haiti's government has established formal ties with Taiwan. To get around that obstacle, the United States, Canada and other governments supplying the international police force support an alternative: Shift responsibility for the force from the Security Council to the General Assembly, where no nation has a veto. /// END OPT /// That has never been done before. . but . seems reasonable. . If adopted,[however] the Haiti plan should be time- limited and subject to review and renewal .

    TEXT: Continuing stories of how Russian officials and businessmen are squandering international financial aid, draws comments from several papers. The Los Angeles Times calls the situation a case of "Russia Ruined by Looters," adding:

    VOICE: ///OPT /// Capital appears to have become one of money-starved Russia's biggest exports. Last year, according to an estimate from the state prosecutor general's office, about nine-billion dollars illegally left Russia, an amount double what the International Monetary Fund spent trying to shore up Russia's collapsing currency. Some of the continuing capital outflow comes from the proceeds of organized crime. Some was looted from companies that were set up under economic reform policies to take control of Russia's rich natural resources.. ///END OPT /// Russia, as it stumbles toward a free-market economy, has been seen in the West as too important to let fall. But as evidence piles up that Russia's wealth is being systematically drained by criminals and corrupt oligarchs . political support for helping sustain Russia erodes. The looting of Russia will be halted only when a government in Moscow is willing to act.

    TEXT: Today's Boston Globe is bidding a fond farewell to the amazing Russian space station Mir, which went well beyond its expected life span.

    VOICE: Mir, launched more than 13 years ago . added enormously to the store of knowledge about prolonged space flight, which will be critical to the next big undertaking --the international space station . Both Mir's successes and its woes bode well for that effort, because they taught hard lessons about coping with adversity in space and on the ground.

    /// OPT ///

    TEXT: Today's Pittsburgh Post Gazette is upset at the way the government has been handling the charges of Chinese espionage at several U-S nuclear weapons laboratories.

    VOICE: Of all the scandals in recent years, perhaps none has the potential to harm the national interest as much as the security breaches at the nation's weapons laboratories. And with so much blame to go around, identifying scapegoats has been easier than finding the truth. . It is no surprise that those in positions of authority when the scandal broke have begun pointing fingers at each other. Notra Trulock, the intelligence official who set off the investigation of Chinese spying at Los Alamos, resigned last week after weeks of controversy. Mr. Trulock has been blamed . for singling out as a suspect a Chinese-American scientist named Wen Ho Lee, who was fired from his job in March but has not been charged with any crime. .it is the Clinton administration that has the main obligation to review closely whether Mr. Lee has been fairly treated.

    TEXT: The[Little Rock] Arkansas Democrat-Gazette is pleased that a high-ranking Bosnian Serb military officer has been brought to account.

    VOICE: The chief of staff of the Bosnian Serb army and killing machine, Momir Talic, made the mistake of attending a military conference in Austria last week and promptly found himself under arrest. . The world dithered for almost a decade, but now memory begins to speak, and accuse. And today General Talic is in the custody of the International War Crimes Tribunal in the Netherlands. He is entitled to a speedy and fair trial-the speedier and fairer the better.

    /// END OPT ///

    TEXT: Lastly, some good news from here in the United States, about the world's fastest animal, the peregrine falcon. The Tulsa [Oklahoma] World writes.

    VOICE: Last week the peregrine falcon was officially removed from the U-S government's endangered species list . [joining] the bald eagle and the Aleutian Canada goose on this summer's species-saved list. In 1970 there were only 39 breeding pairs of peregrine falcons. Now, thanks to federal protection of habitat and government-supported breeding programs, there are more than 16-hundred-50 pairs. . Overall, the Endangered Species Act has been a success story. Of course, all 120hundred remaining plants and animals probably can't be saved. But as proven by the bald eagle, Aleutian Canada goose and the peregrine falcon, some can be saved--and it's well worth the time and money.

    TEXT: On that note, we conclude this sampling of editorial comments from Monday's U-S press.
    NEB/ANG/KL 30-Aug-1999 11:48 AM EDT (30-Aug-1999 1548 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


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