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OMRI Daily Digest II, No. 214, 2 November 1995

From: "Steve Iatrou" <siatrou@cdsp.neu.edu>

Open Media Research Institute Directory

CONTENTS

  • [1] BALKAN PEACE TALKS OPEN. U.S.

  • [2] DID CHIRAC PREVENT NATO AIR RAIDS IN SREBRENICA . . .

  • [3] . . . BUT ONLY AFTER SECURITY COUNCIL REACHED AGREEMENT?

  • [4] BOSNIAN SERBS HAND OVER EVIDENCE TO WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL.

  • [5] SERBIAN POLICE RAIDS IN KOSOVO.

  • [6] MACEDONIA ADMITTED TO PHARE PROGRAM.

  • [7] ROMANIAN REACTIONS TO BISHOP TOKES' "ALTERNATIVE RECONCILIATION" PROPOSALS.

  • [8] LEADER OF ROMANIAN EXTREMIST PARTY RESIGNS.

  • [9] BLACK SEA ECONOMIC COOPERATION COUNCIL IN CHISINAU.

  • [10] ZHIRINOVSKY'S PARTY TO SUPPORT TRANSDNIESTRIAN INDEPENDENCE.

  • [11] TOP JUDGES SAY NO "VACUUM" IN BULGARIA'S LEGAL SYSTEM.


  • OMRI DAILY DIGEST

    No. 214, Part II, 2 November 1995

    SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE

    [1] BALKAN PEACE TALKS OPEN. U.S.

    Secretary of State Warren Christopher and Assistant Secretary of State Richard Holbrooke on 1 November convened peace talks in Dayton, Ohio, bringing together Croatian President Franjo Tudjman, Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic, and Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic, international media report. Before the talks, Holbrooke stressed at least a measure of success was imperative, as failure may prove costly. "If we don't succeed, the war will resume and it will resume at a higher level," Reuters quoted him as saying. Meanwhile, Christopher has said that any peace accord must enshrine four basic principles: Bosnia's existence as a single state; a special status for the capital, Sarajevo; protection of human rights and the bringing to justice of those involved in war crimes and atrocities; and the return to Croatian jurisdiction of rebel Serb-held Slavonia. -- Stan Markotich

    [2] DID CHIRAC PREVENT NATO AIR RAIDS IN SREBRENICA . . .

    Die Tageszeitung on 1 November carried a story, based on UN and French sources close to the government, saying that on French President Jacques Chirac's orders, UN commander General Bernard Janvier did not authorize air raids to prevent the fall of Srebrenica. The paper said that Janvier rejected five requests by the Dutch peacekeepers in Srebrenica for air support after the Bosnian Serbs started attacking the town on 6 July. Die Tageszeitung further said that Chirac gave the order not to fly air raids at the beginning of July, even before the Serbian offensive, and that the French and U.S. secret services were aware of Serbian plans. -- Fabian Schmidt

    [3] . . . BUT ONLY AFTER SECURITY COUNCIL REACHED AGREEMENT?

    At a UNSecurity Council meeting on 24 May, the three Contact Group members Britain, France, and Russia called for abandoning Srebrenica Zepa and Gorazde and the U.S. and Germany "tacitly consented," AFP and Die Tagezeitung reported on 1 November. The French government has declined to comment. Meanwhile, the rump Yugoslav government denied reports in The Washington Post on 29 October saying that its troops were involved in the conquest of Srebrenica. It also denied the existence of prison camps for Bosnian Muslims on rump Yugoslav territory. -- Fabian Schmidt

    [4] BOSNIAN SERBS HAND OVER EVIDENCE TO WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL.

    The Association Of Camp Detainees 1991 handed over dossiers, based on testimony given by 10 victims and witnesses to the International War Crimes Tribunal at The Hague. The association says the documents reportedly attest to the killing of 60 Serbs and the torture of many more. They also name "10 to 20 perpetrators," including "very high officials of the Bosnian and Croatian governments," AFP reported on 1 November. -- Fabian Schmidt

    [5] SERBIAN POLICE RAIDS IN KOSOVO.

    Serbian police, including those from the economics section, raided ethnic Albanian homes and shops in various towns throughout October on the pretext of searching for arms, Kosova Daily Report said on 1 November. According to Kosovar shadow-state sources, police maltreated 34 Albanians in Urosevac alone and severely beat up seven others. The government claims that the Serbian police raided shadow-state schools and universities and "almost every Albanian- owned shop and firm [in Urosevac] and the surrounding villages." -- Fabian Schmidt

    [6] MACEDONIA ADMITTED TO PHARE PROGRAM.

    The Foreign Ministers Committee of the European Union has accepted the EU Commission's recommendation to admit Macedonia to the PHARE program, Macedonian Radio reported on 1 November. The move was announced during a two-day visit to Macedonia by a European Parliament delegation. The 13 September Greek-Macedonian agreement has removed the last obstacle to Macedonia's admission, which should unlock considerable financial assistance for the country. -- Michael Wyzan

    [7] ROMANIAN REACTIONS TO BISHOP TOKES' "ALTERNATIVE RECONCILIATION" PROPOSALS.

    Reacting to Reformed Bishop Lazslo Tokes' "alternative proposal" for a Romanian-Hungarian reconciliation (see OMRI Daily Digest, 1 November 1995), presidential spokesman Traian Chebeleu said that the honorary chairman of the Hungarian Democratic Federation of Romania "lacks credibility" because of his repeated "anti-Romanian attitudes" and his spreading "lies" abroad about the situation of the Hungarian minority. Foreign Ministry spokesman Mircea Geoana told a press conference in Bucharest that Tokes' proposal shows he was demanding autonomy based on ethnic criteria, which, he said, is rejected by all European states and "undermines stability in our region," Radio Bucharest and Reuters reported. -- Michael Shafir

    [8] LEADER OF ROMANIAN EXTREMIST PARTY RESIGNS.

    Mircea Hamza, a deputy chairman of the extremist Greater Romania Party (PRM), has resigned his post. In an open letter to PRM leader Corneliu Vadim Tudor published in Evenimentul zilei on 2 November, Hamza said the PRM started out as a patriotic party but has turned into one displaying "grotesque wholesale attitudes against Hungarians, Jews, and Gypsies." Hamza denounced Tudor's attacks on Romania's efforts to become integrated into European structures, saying that "by implication" this amounts to opting for "the zone represented by Russia." He added that Tudor has "blindly and grossly" attacked President Ion Iliescu, thereby insulting all Romanians who voted for him. -- Michael Shafir

    [9] BLACK SEA ECONOMIC COOPERATION COUNCIL IN CHISINAU.

    A meeting of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation Council in Chisinau on 1 November decided to speed up efforts to set up a Black Sea Trade and Development Bank. The meeting was supposed to be attended by the foreign ministers of member states, but only those from Moldova and Romania (which has taken over the chairmanship for the next six months) were present; the remaining countries sent their deputy foreign ministers, Infotag reported on 1 November. The decision to set up the bank was taken in early 1995 but has been ratified only by Albania and Greece. It was agreed that Greece, Turkey and Russia will have 16.5% of the shares each; Romania, Ukraine, and Bulgaria 13.5% each, and the remaining five countries 2% each. -- Michael Shafir

    [10] ZHIRINOVSKY'S PARTY TO SUPPORT TRANSDNIESTRIAN INDEPENDENCE.

    Visiting Russian State Duma deputy Nina Krivelskaya, addressing the parliament of the breakaway Transdniestrian region, said that the Russian Liberal Democratic Party, headed by Vladimir Zhirinovsky will offer all possible assistance in promoting the recognition of Transdniestrian independence, Infotag reported on 1 November. Krivelskaya, who is heading an unofficial delegation of the State Duma, said her party's goal was to restore a "unified state" within the "borders of the former Czarist Russian Empire." Meanwhile, the Transdniestrian parliament on 1 November voted to hold a referendum on joining the CIS, Infotag reported the same day. The referendum will be held jointly with the parliamentary elections, scheduled for 24 December. Voters will also be asked to approve the recently passed Transdniestrian constitution. -- Michael Shafir

    [11] TOP JUDGES SAY NO "VACUUM" IN BULGARIA'S LEGAL SYSTEM.

    The Constitutional Court on 31 October ruled that there is no "vacuum" in the country's legal system, 24 chasa reported the following day. The court decided that if a law is declared unconstitutional, the previous version of that law is to become valid again. In cases where there are no earlier versions, the law is to be regarded as invalid, The judges had been asked to rule on the question by Prosecutor-General Ivan Tatarchev, who wanted to know the practical consequences of declaring a law unconstitutional. -- Stefan Krause in Sofia

    This material was reprinted with permission of the Open Media Research Institute, a nonprofit organization with research offices in Prague, Czech Republic.
    For more information on OMRI publications please write to info@omri.cz

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