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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 09-02-05

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] "Anaptyjiakh dynamikh ths ellhnikhs oikonomias"
  • [02] Energeiakh politikh kai periballon

    [01] "Anaptyjiakh dynamikh ths ellhnikhs oikonomias"

    Thn ejeidikeysh toy programmatos Staqerothtas kai Anaptyjhs 2008-2011, to opoio hdh exei ypoblhqei sthn Eyrwpaikh Epitroph, syzhthse h Diypoyrgikh Epitroph Oikonomikhs Politikhs, poy synedriase ypo ton prwqypoyrgo Kwsta Karamanlh sto Megaro Majimoy.

    Oi basikes arxes toy programmatos, poy paroysiase o ypoyrgos Oikonomias kai Oikonomikwn k. Giannhs Papaqanasioy einai h sthrijh ths anaptyjhs kai ths apasxolhshs, h meiwsh ths kratikhs spatalhs kai h sthrijh twn asqenesterwn oikonomika politwn.

    O k. Papaqanasioy anakoinwse, epishs, parembaseis sth forologikh politikh me stoxo thn antimetwpish ths krishs.

    Oi proteraiothtes ths kybernhshs einai h stadiakh meiwsh toy dhmosioy xreoys kai toy elleimmatos, dhlwse o k.Papaqanasioy kai prosqese oti to programma Staqerothtas kai Anaptyjhs apotelei to sxedio ths kybernhshs gia na antimetwpistoyn oi synepeies ths dieqnoys oikonomikhs krishs.

    To isxyrotero oplo mas, prosqese o k. Papaqanasioy, apenanti sthn krish, einai h anaptyjiakh dynamikh ths ellhnikhs oikonomias. Qa yparxei qetikos ryqmos anaptyjhs, para tis antijoes oikonomikes dieqneis synqhkes, logw twn ependysewn poy problepontai mesw toy ependytikoy nomoy, ths efarmoghs toy eqnikoy strathgikoy plaisioy anaforas (ESPA) kai twn symprajewn dhmosioy kai idiwtikoy tomea (SDIT).

    O ypoyrgos Oikonomias kai Oikonomikwn ekane idiaiterh anafora sthn anagkaiothta meiwshs twn kratikwn dapanwn kai epishmane oti to programma Staqerothtas kai Anaptyjhs den einai ena programma litothtas oyte paroxwn, alla diasfalizei thn anaptyjh kai me stoxeymenes enisxyseis sthrizei toys asqenestera oikonomika polites.

    Oi dapanes qa perioristoyn drastika sto dhmosio kai ston eyrytero dhmosio tomea, enw parallhla ta esoda qa enisxyqoyn. Taytoxrona qa ejeidikeytoyn ta metra beltiwshs toy epixeirhmatikoy periballontos.

    Anaferomenos o k. Papaqanasioy sta qemata proslhcewn sto dhmosio, eipe oti oi nees proslhceis qa einai ligoteres apo ton ariqmo twn oswn syntajiodotoyntai. Epishs oti h eisodhmatikh politikh qa kalyptei ton plhqwrismo, enw h katabolh misqwn kai epidomatwn twn dhmosiwn ypallhlwn qa ginetai apo mia kai monh yphresia.

    Parallhla, prowqeitai h meiwsh kata 10% twn dapanwn se oloys toys kwdikoys ektos ekeinoys poy aforoyn toys misqoys kai tis syntajeis. H ejoikonomhsh dapanwn anamenetai na einai se ayth thn periptwsh peripoy 500 ekat. eyrw.

    Epishs, apo thn ejoikonomhsh twn dapanwn toy ypoyrgeioy Ygeias anamenetai epishs o periorismos twn dapanwn kata 500 ekat eyrw. O k. Papaqanasioy dhlwse akomh qa meiwqoyn kata 10% oi symbaseis ergoy to 2009 se sxesh me to 2008, enw qa synexistei h prospaqeia meiwshs twn dapanwn twn DEKO.

    To mhnyma poy qeloyme na perasoyme, eipe o k. Papaqanasioy, einai oi opoies perikopes dapanwn na jekinoyn apo to kratos. Den mporoyme na zhtame apo toys polites perikopes sto eisodhma toys, ean prwta to kratos den antapokrinetai ston periorismo twn dapanwn. Oi probleceis toy programmatos Staqerothtas kai Anaptyjhs 2008-2011 einai realistikes kai ylopoihsimes.

    Ejalloy, apantwntas se erwthseis dhmosiografwn, o k. Papaqanasioy eipe oti to PASOK thn idia wra poy anagnwrizei ta oikonomika problhmata, thn idia wra poy anaferetai se prosfygh se dieqnoys organismoys, thn idia wra poy katastrofologei, me anakoinwseis toy probainei se paroxes ycoys 11 dis. eyrw. Ejalloy, eipe se sxesh me thn epistolh toy SEB gia thn oikonomia, oti oloi prepei na symmetasxoyn sthn anaptyjh ths oikonomias kai perimenoyme apo to SEB na to prajei ayto me ependyseis kai pantws oxi na proteinei nees epidothseis gia ton SEB.

    Allages sth forologikh politikh

    O k. Papaqanasioy anakoinwse, epishs, parembaseis sth forologikh politikh me stoxo thn antimetwpish ths krishs.

    Eidikotera, epanaferetai to aforologhto twn 10.500 eyrw gia toys eleyqeroys epaggelmaties, h katarghsh toy opoioy problepontan ston teleytaio forologiko nomo.

    O k. Papaqanasioy tonise oti me th ryqmish ayth h kybernhsh anagnwrizei tis dyskolies poy antimetwpizoyn logo ths oikonomikhs krishs oi eleyqeroi epaggelmaties. Parallhla, ayjanetai h forologia sta tsigara kai sta pota.

    Eidikotera, o eidikos foros katanalwshs sta tsigara ayjanetai apo 75% se 80%, enw ayjhsh kata 20% problepetai ston eidiko foro katanalwshs sta alkooloyxa pota kai sthn mpyra, me ejairesh to krasi.

    O ypoyrgos Oikonomias anakoinwse epishs allages ston tropo ypologismoy toy aforologhtoy gia to Eniaio Telos Akinhtwn (ETAK), prokeimenoy, opws eipe, na diorqwqoyn adikies toy yfistamenoy problhmatos.

    Eidikotera, qespizetai aforologhto orio 200 xiliades eyrw (antikeimenikhs ajias) gia kaqe oikogeneia, to opoio prosayjanetai kata 30 xiliades eyrw gia tis oikogeneies poy exoyn apo tria paidia kai panw. Gia toys agamoys to aforologhto orio qespizetai sta 100 xiliades eyrw.

    O syntelesths toy Eniaioy Teloys Akinhtwn paramenei sto 1 tois xiliois. Shmeiwnetai oti me to shmerino kaqestws isxye aforologhto orio 300 xiliades eyrw, poy aforoyse omws mono thn kyria katoikia toy forologoymenoy kai stis perissoteres periptwseis ayto ejantloyntan se poly xamhlotera oria kaqws h ajia ths kyrias katoikias twn forologoymenwn den eftane ta 300 xiliades eyrw.

    O k. Papaqanasioy anakoinwse akomh thn metaqesh gia to 2010 (eisodhmata 2009) ths efarmoghs twn newn tekmhriwn diabiwshs, ta opoia, opws dieykrinise, qa einai liga, apla kai dikaia.

    Symfwna me ta stoixeia poy anakoinwse o ypoyrgos, apo thn epanafora toy aforologhtoy orioy gia toys eleyqeroys epaggelmaties, oi apwleies twn esodwn qa anelqoyn se 400 ekat. eyrw, enw apo thn ayjhsh twn syntelestwn toy eidikoy foroy katanalwshs se tsigara-pota, ta forologhtea esoda qa ayjhqoyn kata 350 ekat. eyrw.

    [02] Energeiakh politikh kai periballon

    "H apotelesmatikh qwrakish toy periballontos kai h diasfalish biwsimwn synqhkwn gia tis epomenes genies apotelei zhthma apolyths proteraiothtas stis meres mas, idiws en ocei ths terastias periballontikhs epibarynshs poy exei ypostei o planhths ta teleytaia xronia", tonise o ypoyrgos Eswterikwn Prokophs Paylopoylos, khryssontas thn enarjh twn ergasiwn ths episthmonikhs dihmeridas me titlo "Fysikes Katastrofes kai Ananewsimes Phges Energeias: Oikonomikh kai Periballontikh Shmasia gia thn Ellada".

    H hmerida, thn opoia diorganwnei to Institoyto Epimorfwshs toy Eqnikoy Kentroy Dhmosias Dioikhshs kai Aytodioikhshs (EKDDA) se synergasia me thn Edra UNESCO Fysikwn Katastrofwn toy Eqnikoy Asteroskopeioy Aqhnwn, se kentriko jenodoxeio ths Aqhnas, exei stoxo thn enhmerwsh kai thn eyaisqhtopoihsh twn stelexwn ths Dhmosias Dioikhshs kai ths Topikhs Aytodioikhshs se zhthmata energeiakhs diaxeirishs.

    Oi rypogones anqrwpines drasthriothtes exoyn prokalesei mia "oikologikh anisorropia" ston planhth, enan kindyno "arrhkta syndedemeno me thn ekdhlwsh oloena ayjanomenwn akraiwn kairikwn fainomenwn kai fysikwn katastrofwn, ta opoia apeiloyn thn anqrwpinh zwh kai plhttoyn kairia thn oikonomia kai thn anaptyjh, toso se eqniko oso kai se pagkosmio epipedo", anefere, metajy allwn, o k. Paylopoylos.

    Epishmane de oti epiballetai h xarajh kai h efarmogh politikwn diaxeirishs twn fysikwn porwn, ejoikonomhshs energeias symfwna me tis arxes ths aeiforias kai ths biwsimhs anaptyjhs. Sto plaisio ayto, tonise o k. Paylopoylos, h prowqhsh ths paragwghs energeias apo Ananewsimes Phges Energeias synista kaqoristiko bhma pros thn ejasfalish energeias kai qwrakishs toy periballontos, alla taytoxrona prokeitai gia "epilogh me shmantika oikonomika kai anaptyjiaka ofelh".

    "Oi ananewsimes morfes energeias symballoyn sthn ektonwsh entasewn ths pagkosmias agoras energeias, kai kat' epektash sthn oikonomikh asfaleia, pragma poy, thn periodo poy dianyoyme, einai epitaktiko zhtoymeno", anefere o ypoyrgos Eswterikwn.

    O k. Paylopoylos tonise oti h Politikh Prostasia ths xwras mas einai apotelesmatikh kai ajiopisth, "opws exei epaneilhmmena apodeijei ta teleytaia xronia, se stigmes prwtognwrwn kindynwn", prosqese de oti anaptyssontai isxyres dimereis synergasies kai pws h plhrhs entajh ths xwras mas, me shmantiko rolo, sto neo Eyrwpaiko Mhxanismo Politikhs Prostasias, einai hdh gegonos.

    "Apaiteitai h symprajh kai h oysiastikh synergasia twn emplekomenwn forewn, alla kai h eyaisqhtopoihsh twn idiwn twn politwn, me stoxo thn egkataleich olwn ekeinwn twn praktikwn kai synhqeiwn ths kaqhmerinothtas poy epibarynoyn alogista to periballon", katelhje o k. Paylopoylos.

    "H egkyrh enhmerwsh kai h eyaisqhtopoihsh ths Dhmosias Dioikhshs kai Aytodioikhshs gia ayta ta krisima periballontika kai energeiaka zhthmata twn hmerwn mas, opws epishs kai gia ta texniko-oikonomika qemata ths eqnikhs energeiakhs politikhs, apotelei shmantikh parametro gia thn epiteyjh twn eqnikwn kai koinotikwn stoxwn gia to Periballon kai thn Oikonomia", eipe o genikos grammateas toy EKDDA toy ypoyrgeioy Eswterikwn, Giwrgos Boytsinos.

    Afoy periegrace to fasma twn kairikwn kai fysikwn katastrofwn poy kaleitai na antimetwpisei o planhths kai anaferqhke stis Ananewsimes Phges Energeias, o k. Boytsinos tonise oti h Ellada exei analabei kai anamenetai na analabei akomh megalyteres desmeyseis sto plaisio toy legomenoy "energeiakoy kai klimatikoy paketoy nomoqethmatwn".

    Eidikotera, o gg toy EKDDA anefere oti sto plaisio ths xrhmatodothshs apo to G' KPS, exoyn diateqei, apo to 2006, 3,5 ekat. eyrw gia epimorfwtika programmata toy Tomea Periballontos toy Institoytoy Epimorfwshs kai toy Perifereiakoy Institoytoy Epimorfwshs, me to 98% ths xrhmatodothshs na exei hdh ajiopoihqei.

    Sthn trietia 2006-2008 pragmatopoihqhkan synolika 440 epimorfwtika programmata, ta opoia parakoloyqhsan peripoy 10.809 ypallhloi apo yphresies periballontos olhs ths xwras, enw tis teleytaies dyo ebdomades pragmatopoihqhkan 13 epimorfwtika programmata Periballontos se olh th xwra me 274 ekpaideyomenoys ypallhloys.

    O k. Boytsinos epishmane oti shmera to Eqniko Kentro Dhmosias Dioikhshs kai Aytodioikhshs "diadramatizei enan shmantiko rolo se dieqnes epipedo, afoy sygkatalegetai metajy twn pleon anaptygmenwn kai ychloy kyroys analogwn idrymatwn, oxi mono ston eyrwpaiko xwro alla kai pagkosmiws", enw h shmerinh etoimothta toy Kentroy ofeiletai "katarxhn sthn politikh poy xaraxthke ton Aprilio toy 2004 apo ton ypoyrgo Eswterikwn kai egine amesa prajh".

    "H klimatikh allagh apotelei -kata tis ektimhseis oxi mono ths ekqeshs Stern alla kai allwn ekqesewn, opws ths Diakybernhtikhs Epitrophs gia thn Klimatikh Allagh, sthn opoia h Ellada exei shmantikh symmetoxh- mia oikonomikh bomba h opoia sympiptei me th dieqnh oikonomikh krish", eipe o akadhmaikos, kaqhghths Edras UNESCO Fysikwn Katastrofwn toy Eqnikoy Asteroskopeioy Aqhnwn, Xrhstos Zerefos.

    "H Dhmosia Dioikhsh mporei na paragei shmantiko ergo kai na bohqhsei wste na syneidhtopoihsei o kaqenas oti exei syneisfora sthn klimatikh allagh", tonise, metajy allwn, o k. Zerefos, ejhgwntas oti h Dhmosia Dioikhsh mporei na metaferei ston kosmo thn paideia ekeinh sxetika me thn ejoikonomhsh ths energeias.

    O k. Zerefos ejhre thn anagkh na yparjei stenoterh synergasia anamesa stis dieqneis episthmonikes koinothtes gewepisthmonwn, ton politiko kosmo, toys epixeirhmaties kai ta MME prokeimenoy na efarmostei mia kalyterh diaxeirish ths energeias.

    Ej alloy, o k. Zerefos anegnwse xairetismo ths proedroy ths eqnikhs epitrophs UNESCO Aikaterinhs Tzitzikwsta.


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