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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 09-05-07

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] "Embaqynsh ths energeiakhs synergasias"
  • [02] Prasinh anaptyjh

    [01] "Embaqynsh ths energeiakhs synergasias"

    Th shmasia ths energeiakhs allhlejarthshs metajy ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs kai twn etairwn ths sthn anatolikh Eyrwph, kaqws kai thn anagkh dhmioyrgias enos desmeytikoy, nomika, plaisioy, to opoio qa eggyatai thn asfaleia twn ependysewn kai thn apeleyqerwsh ths agoras, ypogrammise o prwqypoyrgos Kwstas Karamanlhs, kata th diarkeia ths parembashs toy sthn enarkthria Synanthsh Koryfhs ths Anatolikhs Etairikhs Sxeshs, shmera sthn Praga.

    Eidikotera, o prwqypoyrgos, afoy ypenqymise oti ton perasmeno Ianoyario h Eyrwpaikh Enwsh hrqe antimetwph me thn pio sobarh krish efodiasmoy kai diametakomishs fysikoy aerioy sthn istoria ths, tonise oti h shmerinh synanthsh koryfhs ths EE me toys anatolikoys etairoys ths erxetai sthn pio katallhlh stigmh, prokeimenoy na beltiwqei h energeiakh synergasia kai na enisxyqei h energeiakh asfaleia.

    O k. Karamanlhs ypogrammise oti h energeiakh asfaleia apotelei mia apo tis kyrioteres proklhseis ths epoxhs mas kai oti anejarthta apo th diaforetikh shmasia, poy to qema ayto lambanei apo xwra se xwra, yparxei metajy twn Eyrwpaiwn koinh antilhch kai synainesh. O prwqypoyrgos shmeiwse oti ta epomena xronia h zhthsh toy fysikoy aerioy den anamenetai na meiwqei kai gi ayto taxqhke safws yper ths prowqhshs twn ependysewn se ypodomes me skopo thn kalyterh diaforopoihsh twn phgwn energeias sthn Eyrwph. Sto plaisio ayto, eipe, prepei na yposthrixqei o ekisygxronismos twn yfistamenwn ypodomwn symperilambanomenoy toy systhmatos metaforas fysikoy aerioy sthn Oykrania.

    Epishmane akomh th shmasia ths anaptyjhs perifereiakwn agorwn hlektrismoy me enisxymenh energeiakh apodosh, tonizontas taytoxrona oti h embaqynsh ths energeiakhs synergasias ths EE me toys anatolikoys etairoys ths einai qemeliwdoys shmasias.

    ``Aytos einai kai o logos poy h Ellada yposthrizei thn katartish enos perifereiaka stoxeymenoy Sxedioy Drashs gia tis Energeiakes Ypodomes'', tonise o prwqypoyrgos, enw epishmane kai thn anagkh dieyrynshs twn eisagwgwn ygropoihmenoy fysikoy aerioy sthn EE. Eidikotera, anefere pws h Ellada einai pepeismenh oti oi dynatothtes aeriopoihshs toy ygropoihmenoy fysikoy aerioy twn kratwn melwn ths EE prepei na ayjhqoyn idiws se perioxes, opws h NA Eyrwph kai h Baltikh.

    ``Ypo ayto to prisma'', anefere o Ellhnas prwqypoyrgos, ``h Ellada meleta thn kataskeyh enos deyteroy termatikoy staqmoy ygropoihmenoy fysikoy aerioy stis aktes toy Aigaioy'' epishmainontas oti ``analogoi termatikoi staqmoi qa prepei na anaptyxqoyn kai se alles eyrwpaikes perioxes''.

    Katalhgontas o k. Karamanlhs tonise oti h shmasia ths strathgikhs ths EE gia thn Anatolikh Etairikh Sxesh egkeitai stis dynatothtes, poy h strathgikh ayth prosferei gia thn enisxysh ths perifereiakhs staqerothtas twn sxesewn kalhs geitonias, ths oikonomikhs proodoy ths Armenias, toy Azermpaitzan, ths Leykorwsias, ths Gewrgias kai ths Oykranias.

    Dhlwseis K. Karamanlh

    Thn idiaiterh shmasia poy exei h diathrhsh kalwn sxesewn anamesa sta krath melh ths EE kai toys anatolikoys etairoys ths ypogrammise se dhlwsh toy pros toys ekproswpoys toy Typoy shmera apo thn Praga, o prwqypoyrgos Kwstas Karamanlhs.

    O prwqypoyrgos anefere oti h shmerinh synanthsh entassetai sto plaisio diathrhshs kalwn sxesewn, epishmainontas parallhla oti stoxos ths Anatolikhs Etairikhs Sxeshs einai h proseggish twn anatolikwn etairwn me thn EE, xwris wstoso ayto na shmainei oti yparxei gia tis xwres aytes prooptikh entajhs sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh.

    O prwqypoyrgos shmeiwse akomh oti h shmerinh synanthsh qa bohqhsei th beltiwsh twn sxesewn kalhs geitonias kai oti o xarakthras ths einai symplhrwmatikos stis sxeseis twn kratwn melwn ths EE me aytes tis xwres.

    Katalhgontas o prwqypoyrgos tonise oti h Ellada epiqymei idiaiteres sxeseis me toys anatolikoys etairoys, epishmainontas thn anagkh prowqhshs politikwn kai oikonomikwn metarryqmisewn stis eji aytes xwres, dhladh thn Oykrania, to Azermpaitzan, th Moldabia, th Leykorwsia, th Gewrgia kai thn Armenia.

    [02] Prasinh anaptyjh

    H epixeirhmatikothta kai h prostasia toy periballontos mporoyn na prowqhqoyn mazi kai se ayton ton dromo prepei na poreyqei h Ellada, tonise o ypoyrgos Anaptyjhs Kwsths Xatzhdakhs, milwntas shmera to prwi se synedrio gia thn prasinh anaptyjh, poy diorganwse h Money Conferences se synergasia me thn Eurotsarty.

    O k. Xatzhdakhs epishmane pws meletes exoyn deijei oti periballontika ypobaqmismenes perioxes den proselkyoyn ependyseis kai tonise pws xreos ths politeias einai na diamorfwsei to katallhlo qesmiko plaisio, kaqws kai kinhtra gia na prowqhqei h prasinh epixeirhmatikothta.

    Parallhla, opws anefere, oi etairies prepei na antilhfqoyn th shmasia ths aeiforias toso gia to koinwniko synolo oso kai gia to diko toys kalo kai symplhrwse pws kai oi katanalwtes qa prepei na epibrabeyoyn tis etairies poy prowqoyn thn prasinh anaptyjh epilegontas ta proionta toys.

    Sto plaisio ayto o k. Xatzhdakhs anefere programmata poy prowqei to ypoyrgeio Anaptyjhs. Opws shmeiwse "proetoimazoyme thn ypoyrgikh apofash gia thn oikiakh xrhsh fwtoboltaikwn systhmatwn, me stoxo thn energeiakh aytonomhsh oikiwn, enw parallhla qa mporoyn na ekxeoyn energeia kai sto kentriko systhma".

    Epipleon, shmeiwse, pws h kybernhsh prowqei ena neo plaisio gia tis ependyseis se ananewsimes phges energeias me emfash, opws eipe, sta megala erga, prokeimenoy na kalyfqei to keno poy yparxei sthn Ellada se sxesh me thn ypoloiph Eyrwph.

    Epishs, to ypoyrgeio Anaptyjhs prowqei tis nees texnologies poy syndeontai me tis APE (spiti newn texnologiwn sto Layrio, "prasino nhsi" ston Ah Strath, paromoio programma sth Nisyro). Ejalloy o ypoyrgos Anaptyjhs anefere pws to ypoyrgeio prowqei programmata gia thn ejoikonomhsh energeias, thn energeiakh anabaqmish ktiriwn kai th syndesh ths prasinhs anaptyjhs me thn epixeirhmatikothta (draseis sto programma "Epixeirw 2009").

    O boyleyths ths ND kai proedros ths Epitrophs Prostasias Periballontos ths Boylhs Kyriakos Mhtsotakhs, anefere oti sthn Ellada yparxoyn terasties eykairies gia thn prowqhsh ths prasinhs anaptyjhs ypo thn proypoqesh oti qa meiwqei h grafeiokratia poy mastizei th leitoyrgia toy kratoys.

    O k. Mhtsotakhs taxqhke yper ths idryshs ypoyrgeioy Periballontos, alla opws tonise, to krisimo zhthma einai to poies armodiothtes qa exei ayto kaqws kai to poia qesh qa katalambanei sthn oysiastikh ierarxia twn ypoyrgeiwn. Malista, anaferqhke, sto paradeigma ths Kosta Rika, sthn opoia opws eipe, to xartofylakio toy ypoyrgeioy Periballontos perilambanei kai ton tomea ths energeias.

    Ejalloy, o k. Mhtsotakhs, epeshmane pws gia na prowqhqoyn se shmantiko baqmo oi politikes gia tis ananewsimes phges energeias (fwtoboltaika klp) kai thn anakyklwsh qa prepei na meiwqei h grafeiokratia h opoia opws eipe, ektos twn allwn problhmatwn poy prokalei ektrefei kai th diafqora.

    O boyleyths kai politikos ekproswpos gia to periballon kai th xwrotajia toy PASOK Spyros Koybelhs, symfwnhse me ton k. Mhtsotakh oti h kakodaimonia se o,ti afora thn prowqhsh twn ananewsimwn phgwn energeias proerxetai apo thn trelh opws th xarakthrise grafeiokratia poy epikratei sthn Ellada.

    Epishs shmeiwse, pws xreiazetai eklogikeysh twn kinhtrwn poy parakinoyn toys ependytes prokeimenoy na ependysoyn ston tomea ayto.

    O boyleyths toy PASOK, epeshmane pws h periballontikh nomoqesia sthn Ellada einai xaotikh kai opws eipe, oysiastika ejyphretei aytoys poy epidiwkoyn arpaxtes kai timwrei toys sobaroys ependytes.

    Ejalloy, o k. Koybelhs tonise pws h politikh ths prasinhs anaptyjhs prepei na mpei sto DNA twn epixeirhsewn gia na perasoyme apo thn Ellada toy 20oy aiwna se ayth toy 21oy aiwna.

    Ek meroys twn Oikologwn Prasinwn o k. Spyros Sgoyros epeshmane pws h Ellada qa mporoyse na exei shmantikh qesh ston tomea twn biologikwn proiontwn, kati poy qa toys apefere opws tonise, kai pleonekthmata ston tomea toy toyrismoy.

    O k. Sgoyros tonise pws oi Oikologoi Prasinoi epiqymoyn mia prasinh anaptyjh, h opoia qa einai kai koinwnika dikaih, enw den pareleice na shmeiwsei pws h pyrhnikh energeia den apotelei morfh ananewsimhs phghs energeias.

    O dieyqynths toy programmatos gia to periballon twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn Xoysein Ampatza, ekane mia istorikh anadromh sthn politikh toy OHE gia to periballon kai sth synexeia estiase sthn pollaplh, opws th xarakthrise, krish poy diepei to sygxrono kosmo. Krish, poy opws eipe, sxetizetai me thn ayjhsh ths timhs toy petrelaioy, me th meiwsh twn diaqesimwn posothtwn trofhs kai posimoy neroy kai h opoia prosfata exei ejelixqei se oikonomikh krish.

    O ajiwmatoyxos toy OHE epishmane pws h prwtoboylia twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn gia thn prasinh oikonomia blepei to periballon ws eykairia, kaqws, opws shmeiwse, h ependysh se ayto dhmioyrgei qeseis ergasias, dhmioyrgei eykairies sthn agora, prowqei to emporio kai meiwnei th ftwxeia.

    "Neo plaisio gia thn ereyna kai ekmetalleysh petrelaioy"

    Neo qesmiko plaisio gia thn ereyna kai ekmetalleysh petrelaioy me stoxo na anoijei nea epoxh ston tomea ayto ejhggeile shmera o ypoyrgos Anaptyjhs Kwsths Xatzhdakhs, ypogrammizontas ta oikonomika kai gewpolitika ofelh poy mporei na apokomisei h xwra mas apo tis ereynes.

    O ypoyrgos shmeiwse oti shmera plhrwnoyme to 4,6 % toy AEP, dhladh panw apo 11 dis. eyrw to xrono gia thn agora petrelaioeidwn apo to ejwteriko kai piqanes epityxies ston sygkekrimeno tomea qa shmanoyn aytomata beltiwsh toy emporikoy isozygioy. Sthn idia kateyqynsh kinoyntai ejalloy oi perissoteres xwres ths eyryterhs perioxhs ths Mesogeioy kai ths NA Eyrwphs, metajy twn opoiwn kai h Kypros.

    Apantwntas se erwthseis anaforika me th stash ths Toyrkias sto zhthma twn ereynwn gia ydrogonanqrakes sto Aigaio o k. Xatzhdakhs tonise oti ``H Ellada den paraithqhke, den paraiteitai kai den prokeitai na paraithqei twn kyriarxikwn ths dikaiwmatwn'' kai prosqese: ``Einai gnwstes oi synanthseis ths Bernhs kai toy Ntabos. To mono problhma poy yparxei einai to zhthma ths yfalokrhpidas. Shmera milame gia olh thn ellhnikh epikrateia, den anaferomaste se epimeroys shmeia. Milame gia to nomiko plaisio kai th nea dioikhtikh domh, den einai h stigmh poy apofasizoyme poy qa ginoyn oi ereynes''.

    O ypoyrgos prosqese akomh pws h prosfath symfwnia me thn Albania, opws kai kaqe symfwnia dhmioyrgei qetikes prooptikes gia ton tomea, kaqws kai oti briskontai se ejelijh antistoixes syzhthseis me thn Aigypto.

    Toso o k. Xatzhdakhs oso kai o genikos grammateas toy ypoyrgeioy k.K.Moysoyroylhs kai o proedros toy Symboylioy Eqnikhs Energeiakhs Strathgikhs (SEES) k.R.Mwyshs apefygan na anaferqoyn se sygkekrimenes ektimhseis gia to megeqos twn piqanwn koitasmatwn ydrogonanqrakwn. O k.Mwyshs anefere pws kati tetoio qa htan epipolaio, opws epishs pws den einai se qesh na epibebaiwsei tis fhmes poy kykloforoyn kata kairoys. Tonise wstoso pws se polles perioxes ths xwras plhroyntai oi gewlogikes proypoqeseis gia thn yparjh ydrogonanqrakwn. Ayth th stigmh mono to 0,5 % twn posothtwn argoy petrelaioy poy katanalwnei h xwra (peri ta 120 ekat. barelia to xrono) ejoryssetai sthn Ellada, sthn perioxh toy Prinoy enw stoxos ths kybernhshs opws tonise o ypoyrgos einai oi ereynes na jekinhsoyn to 2010.

    Oi basikes kateyqynseis toy neoy qesmikoy plaisioy poy problepetai na chfistei ws to telos toy xronoy perilambanoyn ta ejhs:

    -Dhmioyrgeitai sto SEES Dieyqynsh Ereynas kai Anaptyjhs h opoia qa analabei ton elegxo kai epopteia yfistamenwn kai newn paraxwrhsewn, th diamorfwsh protasewn gia thn anaptyjh twn ereynwn, k.a. H dieyqynsh qa stelexwqei me eidikoys episthmones poy mporoyn na proerxontai kai apo ta ELPE. H sygkekrimenh diatajh qa prowqhqei sth Boylh gia chfish amesa.

    -Prosarmogh ths nomoqesias sta Koinotika dedomena, katarghsh aparxaiwmenwn ryqmisewn, aysthrh efarmogh ths eyrwpaikhs periballontikhs nomoqesias.

    -Pera apo thn prokhryjh dieqnwn diagwnismwn gia thn paraxwrhsh sygkekrimenwn perioxwn gia ereyna (meqodos poy xrhsimopoieito apokleistika ws shmera), qa qesmoqethqei mia akomh meqodos paraxwrhsewn poy xrhsimopoieitai dieqnws, h legomenh meqodos ths ``anoixths portas''. Symfwna me ayth problepetai apeyqeias paraxwrhsh ereynhtikhs perioxhs se monimh bash se ependyth poy exei ekdhlwsei endiaferon, efoson den yparxei antistoixo endiaferon gia thn idia perioxh apo allh pleyra.

    -Kinhtra gia thn proselkysh ependysewn, poy perilambanoyn meiwsh toy forologikoy syntelesth apo to 40 % poy einai shmera, antistaqmistika ofelh, katarghsh toy periorismoy ths diarkeias ekmetalleyshs poy einai shmera 25 xronia, k.a.

    Oi apofaseis gia to poy kai pote qa ginoyn ereynes qa lambanontai apo diypoyrgikh epitroph sthn opoia qa symmetexoyn oi ypoyrgoi Oikonomias, Ejwterikwn, Anaptyjhs kai PEXWDE, ystera apo eishghsh toy SEES.

    O k. Xatzhdakhs tonise pws ta ofelh apo th nea politikh gia thn ereyna ydrogonanqrakwn perilambanoyn: enisxysh ths energeiakhs aytarkeias ths xwras, meiwsh twn eisagwgwn kai ths ekrohs synallagmatos, proselkysh jenwn ependysewn, nees qeseis ergasias, shmantika oikonomika ofelh gia to kratos.

    O ypoyrgos ypogrammise akomh ta bhmata poy eginan ta prohgoymena xronia apo toys prwhn ypoyrgoys Anaptyjhs k.k. D.Sioyfa kai X.Fwlia, opote, antistoixa, apokthqhke apo to Dhmosio to arxeio twn ereynwn poy kateixan ta ELPE (perilambanei stoixeia apo tis pashs fysews ereynes poy eginan sto diasthma 1939 - 2005) kai dhmioyrghqhke h epitroph ypo ton k.Mwysh poy ekponhse meleth gia thn anaptyjh twn ereynwn, sthn opoia basizontai oi shmerines anakoinwseis.


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