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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 09-07-20

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] "H dhmokratia einai to neo stoixhma"
  • [02] Synanthsh K.Papoylia-Pr.Paylopoyloy
  • [03] H Gh gernaei
  • [04] Tesseris gefyres, diaforetikhs epoxhs kai texnikhs, ston idio potamo

    [01] "H dhmokratia einai to neo stoixhma"

    Katatiqetai shmera sth Boylh h protash nomoy toy PASOK me qema ``Ryqmish twn xrewn yperxrewmenwn katanalwtwn'' meta apo makra periodo diaboyleyshs poy jekinhse ton Aprilio me perissoteroys apo 20 koinwnikoys kai paragwgikoys foreis, opws anakoinwsan shmera se synenteyjh Typoy h politikh ekproswpos toy PASOK gia qemata Oikonomias Loyka Katselh kai to melos toy politikoy grafeioy toy PASOK Ntinos Roblias.

    Opws anaferqhke sthn synenteyjh Typoy apo to 2003 ews to 2008 ta xreh twn noikokyriwn pros tis trapezes exoyn sxedon triplasiastei kai jepernoyn shmera ta 100 dis.eyrw, ayjhmena kata 190% se sxesh me to 2003. H xwra mas emfanizei gia to 2008 th megalyterh ayjhsh mh ejyphretoymenwn katanalwtikwn daneiwn se pososto 6,9% apo 6% to 2007.

    Me bash thn protash nomoy toy PASOK, opws tonisthke sthn synenteyjh Typoy, dinetai h dynatothta mesa apo kaqorismenes diadikasies, se osoys katanalwtes exoyn diapistwmenh kai monimh adynamia na apoplhrwsoyn ta xreh toys, na ta ryqmisoyn kai na apallagoyn apo ayta, ejoflwntas me realistikoys oroys ena meros twn xrewn toys, me bash to eisodhma toys. To poso to opoio qa prepei na kataballei o ofeileths qa prosdiorizetai apo to dikasthrio kai qa lambanei ypoch ta eisodhmata toy ofeileth apo thn ergasia toy kai qa ta staqmizei me tis biotikes anagkes toy idioy kai twn prostateyomenwn melwn ths oikogeneias toy. Se kaqe periptwsh, mexri th lhjh ths periodoy twn 3-5 etwn, prepei na exei ejoflhqei pososto 10% twn synolikwn ofeilwn toy ofeileth. Apo ekei kai epeita khryssetai h oristikh apallagh toy ofeileth apo ta xreh toy.

    Skopos ths protashs nomoy einai metajy allwn na apokleisei opoiadhpote dynatothta atomikhs h syllogikhs ekteleshs sth mellontikh perioysia toy katanalwth gia palaioteres ths ryqmishs xrewn ofeiles. Epishs h kyria katoikia toy ofeileth, kata thn diadikasia ryqmishs kai apallaghs apo ta xreh prostateyetai.

    H k.Katselh anakoinwse oti to PASOK mexri ton Oktwbrio qa analabei kai nea prwtoboylia me kataqesh neoy sxedioy nomoy sth Boylh sxetika me ton Teiresia AE kai toys oloena kai perissoteroys egklwbismenoys sympolites mas sta arxeia toy me ejairetika ejontwtikoys oroys.

    "H dhmokratia einai to neo stoixhma"

    "To montelo ths ypersygkentrwshs kefalaioy se liga xeria fqanei sto telos toy kai antikaqistatai apo ena allo montelo, ayto ths prasinhs anaptyjhs", htan to aisiodojo mhnyma, poy aphyqyne o proedros toy PASOK Giwrgos Papandreoy se ekdhlwsh poy egine me thn eykairia ths oloklhrwshs twn ergasiwn toy Symposioy ths Symhs, sth Skiaqo.

    To idio aisiodojos htan o k. Papandreoy anaferomenos sthn eswterikh katastash, opoy kathgorhse thn kybernhsh oti ypobaqmise ena eynomoymeno kratos me apotelesma o poliths na bombardizetai kaqhmerina me apokalyceis diafqoras. H kybernhsh, prosqese, yphretei mono eidika symferonta twn ligwn kai isxyrwn kai oxi to dhmosio symferon. Ayto, tonise, qa to anatrecoyme kai malista poly syntoma stis erxomenes ekloges, wste h politeia na yphretei mono to dhmosio symferon kai kanena allo.

    O proedros toy PASOK anaferomenos sthn prasinh anaptyjh tonise pws ayth diasfalizei pente stoxoys: prwton, thn koinwnikh allhleggyh, th synoxh kai thn koinwnikh dikaiosynh, mia koinwnia xwris anisothtes, deyteron, mia nea sxesh toy anqrwpoy me th fysh, to periballon kai ton politismo, triton, ajiopoihsh twn newn texnologiwn me ependysh ston anqrwpo, tetarton, apallagh ths dhmokratias apo to sygkentrwtiko kai pelateiako kratos, enw prosqese oti h dhmokratia einai to neo stoixhma sthn politikh kai pempton, kaqista thn Ellada mia xwra anoixtwn orizontwn poy mporei na einai prwtoporos sthn prasinh anaptyjh.

    [02] Synanthsh K.Papoylia-Pr.Paylopoyloy

    Gia thn poreia ths metanasteytikhs politikhs enhmerwse ton proedro ths Dhmokratias Karolo Papoylia, o ypoyrgos Eswterikwn, kaqhghths Prokophs Paylopoylos.

    Opws shmeiwse o k. Paylopoylos, ystera apo thn ypografh to Parisi toy eyrwpaikoy symfwnoy gia th metanasteysh kai to asylo, dinetai pleon emfash apo thn Eyrwph sthn enisxysh ths nomimhs metanasteyshs kai sthn katapolemhsh ths paranomhs.

    Opws shmeiwse o k. Paylopoylos, h Eyrwph apokta, me qesmiko tropo, eswterika synora.

    "Prwtagwnisthsame sth syntajh kai ypografh toy Symfwnoy gia th metanasteysh kai to asylo, opws prwtagwnisthsame kai sth metejelijh kai enisxysh toy Frontej, o opoios diejagei pleon se dwdekamhnh bash epixeirhseis sthn Anatolikh Mesogeio".

    O k. Paylopoylos anaferqhke sthn piesh poy askeitai pros thn Toyrkia na efarmosei to symfwno epaneisdoxhs Elladas - Toyrkias, to opoio oydepote sthn pragmatikothta exei efarmosei me synepeia mexri twra.

    Omws, meta thn ypografh toy eyrwpaikoy symfwnoy gia th metanasteysh kai to asylo, h ypoxrewsh ayth ths Toyrkias apokta paneyrwpaikh diastash, kaqws o sebasmos toy symfwnoy synista koinotiko kekthmeno.

    Sthn atyph synodo twn ypoyrgwn Eswterikwn thn prohgoymenh Pempth sth Stokxolmh, o ypoyrgos Eswterikwn ths Toyrkias desmeythke oti mexri ta telh toy 2009 qa exei ypografei symfwno epaneisdoxhs Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs - Toyrkias.

    H dhlwsh ayth deixnei oti h Toyrkia exei pleon antilhfqei oti h entajiakh ths poreia, ejartatai pleon apo to rolo poy qa paijei kai apo to rolo poy qa diadramatisei sthn anakoph metanasteytikwn kai prosfygikwn reymatwn pros thn Eyrwph.

    "Epiqymoyme thn eyrwpaikh poreia ths Toyrkias. Omws, h Toyrkia qa prepei na kanei bhmata pros ta mpros kai oxi h Ellada kai h Eyrwpaikh Enwsh bhmata pros ta pisw".

    Klhqeis na sxoliasei dhlwsh toy syntagmatologoy Dhmhtrh Tsatsoy, sto plaisio synenteyjhs toy sthn "Kyriakatikh Kaqhmerinh", oti h eklogh toy proedroy ths Dhmokratias xrhsimopoieitai san "skeyos texnasmatos gia th diejagwgh prowrwn eklogwn" o k. Paylopoylos apanthse:

    "Den syzhthsame ayto to qema. Den synhqizw na sxoliazw dhlwseis synadelfwn moy syntagmatologwn. O proedros ths Dhmokratias einai koryfaios qesmos, poy symbolizei thn enothta toy politeymatos. Kai den einai kalo na paizei kaneis me to qesmo".

    Apeyqynomenos sthn ajiwmatikh antipoliteysh, o k. Paylopoylos dhlwse:

    "H mh thrhsh toy Syntagmatos, synepagetai parabiash toy Syntagmatos. As qymhqei h ajiwmatikh antipoliteysh ti elege thn periodo ths deyterhs proedrikhs ekloghs Stefanopoyloy".

    [03] H Gh gernaei

    O plhqysmos ths Ghs gernaei me ton pio grhgoro ryqmo poy exei katagrafei sthn istoria kai se liga xronia, gia prwth fora sthn pagkosmia istoria, oi hlikiwmenoi qa jeperasoyn se ariqmo ta paidia, symfwna me nea amerikanikh ereyna. To ``klamp twn 100arhdwn'' qa ginei polyplhqestero apo kaqe allh fora kai metajy twn xwrwn poy qa exoyn megala pososta aiwnobiwn, ektimatai oti qa einai kai h Ellada.

    Oi anqrwpoi anw twn 65 etwn (h legomenh ``trith hlikia'') efqasan ta 506 ekat. to 2008 kai problepetai oti qa exoyn diplasiastei mexri to 2040, fqanontas to 1,3 disekatommyrio, dhladh peripoy to 14% toy pagkosmioy plhqysmoy, symfwna me thn ekqesh toy Eqnikoy Institoytoy Ghranshs kai toy Grafeioy Apografhs twn HPA. O ariqmos aytos to 2017 anamenetai na jeperasei ton ariqmo twn paidiwn katw twn pente etwn gia prwth fora.

    Symfwna me thn ereyna, oi anqrwpoi anw twn 80 etwn apoteloyn to taxytera ayjanomeno tmhma toy pagkosmioy plhqysmoy se polles xwres, symfwna me ta jena praktoreia. Se pagkosmio epipedo, ayto to tmhma toy pio hlikiwmenoy plhqysmoy anamenetai na ayjhqei kata 233% metajy 2008 - 2040.

    Kaqe mhna 870.000 anqrwpoi ths Ghs ginontai 65 etwn. Se deka xronia apo shmera, o ariqmos aytos qa exei ayjhqei katakoryfa kai 1,9 ekat. anqrwpoi qa giortazoyn kaqe mhna ta 65a geneqlia toys.

    Kapote oi anqrwpoi poy pernoysan ta 100 xronia, apoteloysan mia spania ejairesh. To 1950 hsan molis liges xiliades kai shmera ypologizontai stis 340.000 dieqnws (oi perissoteroi zoyn stis HPA kai thn Iapwnia). Omws mexri ta mesa toy aiwna, to ``klamp twn aiwnobiwn'' qa perilambanei toylaxiston 6 ekat. atoma. O ariqmos toys ayjanetai me ryqmo 20 fores megalytero apo to meso ryqmo ayjhshs toy pagkosmioy plhqysmoy, taxytero apo kaqe allh hlikiakh omada.

    To 2050 h Iapwnia anamenetai na exei 627.000 atoma anw twn 100 etwn, perissoteroys apo kaqe allh xwra, mia ejelijh poy anamenetai na odhghsei se anqhsh ths biomhxanias rompot poy qa parexoyn yphresies se hlikiwmenoys. Symfwna me thn ekqesh, epishs, xwres toy Mesogeiakoy Notoy, opws h Ellada kai h Italia, me th bohqeia kai toy hpioy klimatos, qa exoyn ayjhmenoys ariqmoys aiwnobiwn, idiws gynaikwn.

    Opws epishmainoyn oi ereynhtes, h ghransh toy pagkosmioy plhqysmoy, poy kanei akoma pio dysmenh thn analogia ergazomenwn-syntajioyxwn, qa epibarynei peraiterw ta hdh bebarhmena systhmata paroxhs ygeias kai syntajhs, odhgwntas se nees ayjhmenes dhmosies dapanes, megala elleimmata twn kratikwn proypologismwn kai dhmosia xreh.

    To problhma oysiastika ephreazei kaqe mia xwra toy planhth, kaqws -para tis epimeroys diafores twn xwrwn- apotelei dieqnh tash. Oso beltiwnetai synexws to epipedo ths ygeias kai diatrofhs ston kosmo kai analoga meiwnetai h qnhsimothta, me analogh ayjhsh toy prosdokimoy zwhs, toso qa enteinetai h ghransh toy plhqysmoy. Genetikoi logoi kai allages ston tropo zwhs paizoyn epishs to diko toys rolo se ayth thn ejelijh.

    [04] Tesseris gefyres, diaforetikhs epoxhs kai texnikhs, ston idio potamo

    Mia spania -isws monadikh se panelladiko epipedo- kai synama panemorfh eikona antikrizei o episkepths ston Portaiko potamo, sto ycos ths Pylhs toy nomoy Trikalwn. Tesseris gefyres, diaforetikwn epoxwn (1541 ews 1981) kai texnikhs (petrinh tojwth, kremasth kai dyo apo mpeton) stekoyn h mia dipla sthn allh, "martyrwntas" thn istoria toy topoy.

    H Pylh brisketai sthn eisodo ths pedinhs perioxhs ths Qessalias, pros ta oreina ths Pindoy. Ta dyo antikrista boyna Koziakas kai Itamos, poy diaxwrizontai apo ton Portaiko potamo, sxhmatizoyn mia fysikh megalopreph Pylh, apo opoy phre kai to onoma ths h kwmopolh.

    Thn Pylh xwrizei apo to synoikismo ths Porta-Panagias o Portaikos potamos. Paroysiazei idiaitero endiaferon gia ton episkepth, kaqws brisketai sto kentro spoydaiwn byzantinwn kai metabyzantinwn mnhmeiwn, alla ki epeidh apotelei perasma gia ta grafika xwria toy Aspropotamoy kai thn Arta.

    Shmera, h Pylh einai edra toy omwnymoy Dhmoy kai ariqmei peripoy 2.500 katoikoys, enw oloklhros o Dhmos ftanei toys 5.000 katoikoys.

    As epixeirhsoyme, loipon, ena nohto peripato kata mhkos toy potamoy kai twn tessarwn gefyrwn:

    H tojwth gefyra. Brisketai peripoy 1 xlm. dytika ths Pylhs kai exei ktistei to 1514 apo ton Agio Bhssariwna. H gefyra ayth htan h monadikh ws to 1936, poy synedee ton kampo me thn perioxh Aspropotamoy. Einai monotojh, me mhkos 67 m., platos 2,05 m., megisto ycos 30,50 m. kai ycos sthqaiwn 0,70 m.

    H gefyra Kondylh: oi anagkes ths epoxhs odhghsan sthn kataskeyh neas gefyras gia thn amajith syndesh twn Trikalwn me ta oreina xwria. Etsi, ena xlm. dytikotera ths palias tojwths gefyras kataskeyasthke mia nea, sygxronh gia thn epoxh ekeinh, gefyra apo mpeton. H kataskeyh ths arxise ton Noembrio toy 1934 kai teleiwse ton Ioynio toy 1936. H gefyra ayth, poy moiazei me saita, exei mhkos 45,30 m., platos 6 m. kai ycos 22 m. Stis 9 Ioynioy 1943 oi antartes, gia na parempodisoyn ta mhxanokinhta katoxika strateymata, anatinajan to aristero ths baqro. H gefyra epese xwris na spasei. Argotera, anashkwqhke kai apokatastaqhke sthn arxikh ths qesh, opoy paramenei ews shmera kai ejyphretei thn epikoinwnia me ta xwria ths Pindoy, alla kai thn Arta.

    H gefyra Gkika kataskeyasthke to 1960-'61 apo oplismeno skyrodema kai ejyphretei mexri shmera polla xwria sta riza toy Koziaka. Exei mhkos 170 m.

    H kremasth pezogefyra kataskeyasthke to 1981 gia thn ejyphrethsh twn katoikwn ths omwnymhs byzantinhs ekklhsias. Exei mhkos 120 m, kai sthrizetai se dyo pylwnes ycoys 16 m. H anarthsh toy katastrwmatos ginetai me eyqygramma protetamena kalwdia kai einai h prwth gefyra sthn Ellada poy kataskeyasthke me ayth thn texnikh. To platos ths einai 2 m. kai to ycos apo thn koith toy potamoy 7m.

    Akoma, sth qesh toy synoikismoy Porta-Panagia briskotan h byzantinh polh Megalai Pylai h Megalh Porta, poy sthn Toyrkokratia onomazotan Porta-Pazar.

    O Agglos perihghths W. M. Leak (Lhk), o opoios perase apo ekei to 1810, thn anaferei ws Apanw Porta h Porta Panagia, se antiqesh me ton kainoyrgio oikismo ths Portas, poy eixe hdh anaptyxqei sth dejia oxqh toy potamoy Portaikoy kai poy ton anaferei ws Katw Porta h Porta-Nikola. Kai ta dyo onomata (Pylh kai Porta) exoyn sxesh me th gewgrafikh qesh ths kwmopolhs.

    Sto synoikismo Porta-Panagia gennhqhke o mhtropoliths Larishs Bhssariwn B' (1490-1540), o opoios anakhryxthke agios kai polioyxos twn Trikalwn, ths Kalampakas kai ths Pylhs.

    H Pylh yphrje polles fores pedio sobarwn maxwn ejaitias ths qeshs ths. Katastrafhke epaneilhmmena apo toys katakthtes. Teleytaia fora pyrpolhqhke apo ta italika strateymata, thn 8h Ioynioy 1943.

    H Pylh, symfwna me stoixeia ths Nomarxiakhs Aytodioikhshs Trikalwn, brisketai sto stayrodromi pollwn mnhmeiwn alla ekeino poy exei taytisqei kai exei balei th dikh toy sfragida, sth byzantinh istoria kai texnh, einai o naos ths Porta Panagias, allote kaqoliko ths I. M. Megalwn Pylwn.

    O naos perihlqe to 1843 sthn kyriothta ths geitonikhs I M. Doysikoy. To kaqoliko ayths, synexizei thn poreia toy me symmaxoys toys katoikoys toy mikroy oikismoy, poy anaptyssetai deila - deila dipla toy.

    O naos- stayrespistegh triklith basilikh- exei ktisqei panw se arxaio nao. Se ayto to symperasma odhgoyn oi kiones poy briskontai sto xwro gyrw apo to nao kai h yparjh pollwn arxitektonikwn melwn, entoixismenwn sthn toixopoiia toy, opws kai h perisyllogh pollwn arxitektonikwn tmhmatwn, poy fylassontai mesa sto nao.

    O glyptos, chfidwtos kai graptos diakosmos toy naoy dhmioyrgei ena synolo monadiko- kosmhma oxi monon gia to mnhmeio alla kai gia oloklhro ton elladiko xwro- aythn thn epoxh. O glyptos diakosmos, dystyxws, katastrafhke apo pyrkagia toy 1855, poy htan kai h pleon katastrofikh gia to nao.

    Apo ton chfidwto diakosmo exoyme tis dyo chfidwtes eikones (1285), monadikes gia thn texnikh kai texnotropia toys, opws kai gia thn idiorryqmh anastrofh qesh, poy einai topoqethmenes.

    Ston ejwnarqhka, to eikonografiko programma akoloyqei tis eikonografikes arxes toy 15oy ai., poy- dystyxws- ypesthsan megales zhmies sto xrwma toys, ejaitias pyrkagias poy ekdhlwqhke to 1980.

    Telos, se dyo koryfes toy boynoy Itamos, notiodytika ths Pylhs, swzontai ta ereipia dyo froyriwn twn ellhnikwn xronwn. Apo ayta elegxontai ola ta perasmata twn Agrafwn kai ths Pindoy. Ta froyria katelhfqhsan apo to Filippo E' ths Makedonias to 189 p.X. kai katastrafhkan apo ton Ioylio Kaisara to 46 p.X. Sthn perioxh ayth topoqeteitai h arxaia polh Aqhnaion.


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