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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 09-08-10

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] "Ylopoioyme to kybernhtiko ergo"
  • [02] Apomakrynetai h piqanothta eyreshs zwhs ston Arh;

    [01] "Ylopoioyme to kybernhtiko ergo"

    O Kwstas Karamanlhs qa kerdisei kai tis epomenes ekloges, dhlwnei se synenteyjh toy sthnefhmerida "Real News" o ypoyrgos Eswterikwn Prokophs Paylopoylos. Kai prosqetei oti o k. Karamanlhs "apotelei polo staqerothtas, oxi mono ths ND alla oloklhroy toy politikoy mas systhmatos". Kai prosqetei oti "einai o pio katallhlos gia na xeiristei tis tyxes toy topoy".

    Sxetika me to endexomeno prowrwn eklogwn, o ypoyrgos Eswterikwn, tonizei oti h ND exei sympagh pleiochfia 151 edrwn, "thn pleiochfia poy apaiteitai gia na kybernhsei kai na ejantlhsei thn tetraetia". Enw gia ton anasxhmatismo apanta oti prokeitai gia apokleistikh armodiothta toy prwqypoyrgoy kai oti o idios den prokeitai na parei qesh se ena qema, gia to opoio apofasizei apokleistika o k.Karamanlhs.

    O k. Paylopoylos epirriptei thn eyqynh gia thn "eklogologia" apokleistika sto PASOK, to opoio kathgorei oti "apoprosanatolizei kai dhmioyrgei klima astaqeias". Enw aporriptei tis kathgories oti ta metra poy pairnei h kybernhsh kinoyntai se proeklogikh logikh, dioti, opws anaferei, "aforoyn sthn antimetwpish yparktwn problhmatwn".

    Sto PASOK epirriptei thn eyqynh kai gia thn "proedrologia", kai kathgorei thn ajiwmatikh antipoliteysh, oti "xrhsimopoiei thn eklogh Proedroy ths Dhmokratias gia mikrokommatikoys logoys, perifronei toys qesmoys kai prosbalei to Syntagma". Antiqeta, tonizei, "h ND oydepote exei protajei to kommatiko h politiko ths symferon enanti toy dhmosioy symferontos kai, idiws, enanti toy Syntagmatos".

    Dhlwsh B. Antwnaroy

    H kybernhsh dia toy ekproswpoy ths Baggelh Antwnaroy kathgorhse to PASOK kai ton k. Papandreoy proswpika oti einai ekqetoi sta matia twn Ellhnwn giati exoyn epilejei syneidhta na lene oxi se ola kai epilegoyn thn parapolitikh.

    ``To PASOK ki o kyrios Papandreoy einai ekqetoi sta matia twn Ellhnwn giati exoyn epilejei syneidhta na lene OXI se ola. Einai ekqetoi giati lene OXI se oles tis prwtoboylies pros ofelos twn politwn, ths xwras kai toy dhmosioy symferontos. Einai ekqetoi giati den qeloyn na doqoyn lyseis sta pragmatika zhthmata toy topoy. Einai ekqetoi giati epilegoyn thn parapolitikh gia na metaferoyn to dhmosio dialogo se qemata sta opoia exoyn doqei plhreis apanthseis meta apo ejantlhtikh syzhthsh. Einai ekqetoi giati me th stash toys apodeiknyoyn - gia mia akomh fora - peritrana thn plhrh politikh toys aneyqynothta'', tonizei o k. Antwnaros.

    Proxwra h Dioikhtikh Metarryqmish

    Gia thn poreia ths efarmoghs toy Epixeirhsiakoy Programmatos gia th ``Dioikhtikh Metarryqmish'', enhmerwse ton prwqypoyrgo o ypoyrgos Eswterikwn.

    O k. P. Paylopoylos, se dhlwseis toy anefere oti ayth h kybernhsh sto D' Koinotiko Plaisio Sthrijhs (dhladh sto Eqniko Strathgiko Plaisio Anaforas 2007-2013) diamorfwse Eidiko Epixeirhsiako gia th Dioikhtikh Metarryqmish - to opoio den yphrxe sto G' KPS - ycoys 630 ekat. eyrw me tesseris ajones.

    O ypoyrgos ejhghse oti o prwtos ajonas afora thn anabaqmish twn dhmosiwn politikwn kai twn dioikhtikwn domwn me ena ycos 327 ekat. eyrw, o deyteros afora to anqrwpino dynamiko kai to ycos toy einai 213 ekat. eyrw, o tritos ajonas afora politikes gia thn isothta - orizontia tomh sth Dhmosia Dioikhsh - gyrw sta 65 ekat. eyrw kai 25 ekat. eyrw ston tetarto ajona, poy afora thn texnikh yposthrijh.

    Prokeitai, eipe, gia ena programma me to opoio katapolemoyme th grafeiokratia, poy apotelei th mastiga gia ton polith kai h katapolemhsh ayth apotelei th bash gia na mporesoyme na katapolemhsoyme kai thn allh mastiga h opoia einai h diafqora.

    O ypoyrgos ypenqymise oti stis 9 Aprilioy 2009 eixe episkefqei thn Aqhna o koinotikos epitropos k.Spintla kai "qesame to xronodiagramma panw sto opoio qa kinhqoyme amesa gia thn ektelesh aytoy toy prwtognwroy - oxi mono gia thn Ellada alla kai gia polles eyrwpaikes xwres - programmatos. Eixame pei oti qa eimaste etoimoi sta telh Noembrioy se o,ti afora thn ejeidikeysh toy Programmatos kai ayto qa symbei. Opws epishs, eixame pei oti synolika qa eixan symbasiopoihqei erga peripoy 85 ekat. eyrw kai h dhmosia dapanh qa ftasei sto telos toy etoys sta 30 ekat. eyrw. Hdh, ayth th stigmh proxwroyme pros ayth thn kateyqynsh kai thn jepername apo pleyras prosdokiwn. Oi prokhryjeis poy exoyn hdh ginei einai 27 kai kalyptoyn erga panw apo 20 ekat. eyrw. Eikosimia prosklhseis exoyn hdh ginei gia thn ekdhlwsh endiaferontos gia erga ta opoia yperbainoyn ta 128 ekat. eyrw, enw oi sxetikes entajeis aforoyn erga ta opoia yperbainoyn ta 40 ekat. eyrw. Ayth th stigmh h energopoihsh toy Programmatos exei jeperasei to 20%".

    Olo ayto, tonise, deixnei oti sto telos toy Eqnikoy Strathgikoy Plaisioy Anaforas h Ellada qa exei ajiopoihsei Koinotikoys poroys gia ton eksygxronismo ths Dhmosias Dioikhshs kai se epipedo domwn kai diadikasiwn kai se epipedo anqrwpinoy dynamikoy kai idiws se o,ti afora thn efarmogh toy pylwna ekeinoy poy sxetizetai me thn isothta twn fylwn.

    Apantwntas se erwthsh oti to PASOK kathgorei thn kybernhsh gia proeklogikes ejaggelies, o Prokophs Paylopoylos dhlwse:

    "To PASOK eite den parakoloyqei thn pragmatikothta, eite den gnwrizei ti qa pei eyqynh diakybernhshs toy topoy. Otan kateqesa sth Boylh to nomosxedio gia toys ypallhloys Idiwtikoy Dikaioy Aoristoy Xronoy, oi opoioi entassontai sthn ierarxia - kai to eixa pei ayto apo to 2006, oti qa to kanoyme prin to telos toy 2009 - eipan oti einai kati proeklogiko. Otan prin apo liges meres egkriname to Programma ``Qhseas 2'' th stigmh poy o ``Qhseas I'' lhgei sto telos aytoy toy xronoy, eipan kapoioi oti einai proeklogikh ejaggelia. Ma einai dynaton na milame gia proeklogikes ejaggelies otan aplws efarmozoyme me synepeia to programma mas kai koitame mprosta mas; Kai otan ayth th stigmh sas milw gia thn efarmogh enos Programmatos, gia to opoio me ton armodio Epitropo stis 9 Aprilioy eixame pws qa pame mexri to telos toy xronoy, einai kati to proeklogiko; Emeis skeftomaste me th logikh ths orqhs diakybernhshs toy topoy. To PASOK, an den oneireyetai, toylaxiston leitoyrgei aneyqyna. Diaxronika ayto htan kai ayto apodeiknyei kaqhmerina oti qa parameinei".

    [02] Apomakrynetai h piqanothta eyreshs zwhs ston Arh;

    Panw poy oi episthmones arxisan na elpizoyn oti arga h grhgora qa broyn ixnh zwhs ston Arh, mia nea gallikh episthmonikh meleth apomakrynei jana ayth thn piqanothta, kaqws anakalyce oti to meqanio sthn atmosfaira toy "kokkinoy planhth" (mia apo tis kyrioteres endeijeis oti mporei na yparxoyn biologikes diadikasies se ejelijh) symperiferetai apolytws mysthriwdws kai me tropo poy den eynoei thn yparjh zwhs - twra h sto parelqon.

    Sygkekrimena, to meqanio ston Arh, gia agnwstoys logoys, paragetai kai katastrefetai me tromera taxytero ryqmo se sxesh me th Gh. Ayto poy katastrefei to meqanio (to aploystero organiko morio, poy paragetai kyriws apo zwntanoys organismoys), piqanotata ejafanizei kai kaqe allo organiko morio, ara kai thn piqanothta zwhs.

    To mysthrio megalwnei, epeidh to aerio ayto -poy gia prwth fora anixneythke ston Arh to 2003- katanemetai anomoiomorfa sthn areianh atmosfaira kai metaballetai me tis epoxes. Kanonika, qa eprepe ta reymata ths atmosfairas na diaxeoyn omoiomorfa to meqanio se olo ton planhth, se diasthma ligwn ebdomadwn h mhnwn.

    H meleth toy meqanioy egine apo toys xhmikoys Frank Lefebr kai Fransoya Forze toy panepisthmioy "Pier & Mari Kioyri" toy Parisioy kai h sxetikh episthmonikh ergasia, poy xrhsimopoihse klimatologikes prosomoiwseis se ypologistes gia na analysei stoixeia parathrhsewn thleskopiwn apo th Gh, dhmosieythke sto periodiko "Nature", symfwna me to BBC kai to New Scientist.

    H paroysia toy meqanioy exei apodoqei eite se gewlogikh (kyriws hfaisteiakh) drasthriothta, eite se paroysia zwhs, eite kai sta dyo.

    H anakalych, to 1996, enos areianoy metewrith sthn Antarktikh, o opoios perieixe ixnh mikrobiwn, edwse elpides gia eyresh zwhs ston planhth. Pio prosfata oi elpides aytes enisxyqhkan apo thn anakalych oti ygro nero kyloyse kapote sthn epifaneia toy Arh. Omws mexri shmera den exei breqei kamia apodeijh oti yphrje pote h yparxei shmera kapoios zwntanos organismos panw ston "kokkino planhth".

    Symfwna me toys galloys ereynhtes, h xhmeia ths areianhs atmosfairas paramenei genikotera ena mysthrio. Eidika gia to meqanio, epishmainoyn oti "kati symbainei poy meiwnei th diarkeia zwhs aytoy toy aerioy mexri kai 600 fores (se sxesh me th Gh). An oi metrhseis mas einai swstes, kati poly shmantiko symbainei ston Arh poy den exoyme katalabei". Sth Gh, o hlios katastrefei to meqanio se peripoy 330 xronia, enw ston Arh ayto ektimatai oti symbainei se peripoy 200 ghines meres (xwris na apokleietai na katastrefetai kai mesa se molis mia wra!).

    Ta prwtogenh stoixeia poy anelysan oi galloi episthmones, eixan dhmosieytei fetos ton Ianoyario sto periodiko "Science" kai proerxontan apo parathrhseis amerikanwn episthmonwn (me epikefalhs ton dra Maikl Moyma, dieyqynth toy Kentroy Astrobiologias Gkontarnt ths NASA), me xrhsh ths texnikhs ths yperyqrhs fasmatoskopias, apo tria diaforetika epigeia thleskopia poy kalycan to 90% peripoy ths epifaneias toy Arh.

    Toso oi Amerikanoi, oso kai oi Galloi episthmones, den apokleioyn to mysthrio ths grhgorhs paragwghs kai ejafanishs toy meqanioy na exei biologikes h gewlogikes aities. To Dekembrio h omada toy Moyma qa kanei nees parathrhseis toy Arh xrhsimopoiwntas to Poly Megalo Thleskopio toy Eyrwpaikoy Notioy Parathrhthrioy sthn Xilh, gia na rijei perissotero fws sto zhthma.

    Symfwna me ton dra Lefebr, an epibebaiwqoyn oi gallikes metrhseis gia to meqanio, ayto qa shmainei oti h epifaneia toy Arh einai -kai piqanotata panta htan- poly exqrikh pros tis organikes-biologikes diadikasies, an kai den mporei na apokleistei h piqanothta kapoies morfes zwhs na exoyn katafygei baqia katw apo to edafos, opoy oi synqhkes diabiwshs isws einai pio eynoikes.

    H NASA sxediazei na steilei ston Arh, to 2011, ena oxhma typoy "rober", trofodotoymeno me pyrhnikh energeia kai eidiko gia episthmonikes meletes (qa legetai Mars Science Laboratory). Symfwna me ena piqano senario, apo koinoy h NASA kai h eyrwpaikh ESA qa steiloyn ena eyrwpaiko diasthmiko skafos se troxia gyrw apo ton Arh, to 2016, gia na melethsei tis phges proeleyshs toy meqanioy. Qa akoloyqhsei, piqanotata to 2018, to eyrwpaiko oxhma typoy "rober" European ExoMars, to opoio qa cajei epi topoy gia tis phges toy meqanioy me bash tis parathrhseis toy skafoys se troxia, oi opoies qa exoyn prohghqei.

    Link: Gia thn prwtotyph episthmonikh ergasia sth dieyqynsh: http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v460/n7256/abs/nature08228.html

    Keimeno: P. Drakopoylos


    Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article
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