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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-02-08

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] "Entajh twn metanastwn me kanones"
  • [02] Oxi sto nomosxedio gia to metanasteytiko
  • [03] Synedriash ejetastikhs gia th Zhmens
  • [04] "Dhmochfisma gia thn iqageneia"

    [01] "Entajh twn metanastwn me kanones"

    Me safh diakrish anamesa sthn metanasteytikh politikh kai thn politikh iqageneias, epiklhsh toy anqrwpismoy alla kai toy realismoy kai me parallhlo anoigma sthn idea enos Ellhnismoy apoteloymenoy apo polles kai diaforetikes fyles, yperaspisthke o Prwqypoyrgos, Giwrgos Papandreoy, thn apofash ths kybernhshs gia xorhghsh ths ellhnikhs iqageneias stoys nomimoys - opws ypogrammise - metanastes.

    Emfanizomenos sthn pro hmerhsias diatajews syzhthsh sth Boylh, poy pragmatopoieitai me prwtoboylia toy Laikoy Orqodojoy Synagermoy, o kos Papandreoy ypogrammise pws to epimaxo nomosxedio, taktopoiei ena problhma poy diaiwnizetai edw kai 28 xronia, xwris kamia nomoqetikh prwtoboylia na to antimetwpizei apotelesmatika.

    ``550.000 metanastes zoyn shmera, nomima sth xwra mas. Pragmati, oi perissoteroi ofeiloyn thn adeia paramonhs se kapoia apo tis polles nomimopoihseis poy eginan sthn poreia. Einai omws adeia poy to kratos apofasise na toys dwsei. Oi anqrwpoi aytoi yparxoyn, zoyn kai moxqoyn anamesa mas. Exoyn proswpa, elpides, oneira kai foboys. H oikonomikh krish toys aggizei to idio kai anhsyxoyn to idio me mas. Ergazontai, ekplhrwnoyn ta asfalistika toys barh, apoktoyn idiokthsia, stelnoyn ta paidia toys sto sxoleio, exoyn rizwsei sthn Ellada poy egine gia ta paidia toys, h monh patrida. Den mporoyme na toys kanoyme na mhn einai symmetoxoi sto koinwniko gignesqai. H arnhsh na toys entajoyme me kanones, dhmioyrgei anomia kai diafqora. Odhgei prwta sthn gketopoihsh toys sth dikh mas syneidhsh, meta sthn dikh toys kai meta sto xarth ths polhs: Dinei to shma pws pote den qa einai eyprosdektoi edwb''

    An h gketopoihsh apotelei to prooimio antikoinwnikwn symperiforwn kai diogkwshs twn problhmatwn kai ``an pragmatika agapame thn patrida mas, qa prepei na prospaqhsoyme na kanoyme toys anqrwpoys aytoys, na taytistoyn me ta oneira ths patridas mas. Pros ti ta fantasmata peri alloiwshs toy eqnoys; Ti shmainei na eisai Ellhnas; Dhmokratia, isothta, anqrwpismos. Toso ligo pisteyoyme sth dynamh ths Elladas, sth dynamh toy Ellhnismoy ana toys aiwnes; Megalyterh alloiwsh blepei o politismos mas apo tis 4-5 wres poy blepoyn thleorash emeis kai ta paidia mas'' tonise o Prwqypoyrgos.

    Me to nomosxedio loipon, ``dinoyme prooptikh stoys metanastes poy zoyn makroxronia sth xwra mas. Den mporoyme na eqelotyfloyme - den mporoyme na kratame toys anqrwpoys aytoys xwris fwnh. Toys empisteyomaste tis oikodomes, ton toyrismo, toys gerontes kai ta paidia mas (b) Den yparxoyn bebaiws teleies lyseis, alla lyseis makroxronies kai kalyteres. Kati tetoio, mas dinei kai nees dynatothtes: Na doyme Ellhnes indikhs katagwghs, albanikhs katagwghs, perhfanoys gia thn ellhnikh mas iqageneia''.

    H xorhghsh ths iqageneias den adynatizei thn fylajh twn synorwn kai tis prospaqeies gia patajh ths doylemporias, oi opoies anabaqmizontai. Toynantion, to gegonos oti h iqageneia den xorhgeitai se metanastes xwris nomima xartia, stelnei kai ena mhnyma, oti den exei nohma na mpei kaneis sthn Ellada paranoma, tonise o Prwqypoyrgos. H idrysh ths eyrwpaikhs yphresias aktofylakhs (FRONTEX) apotelei gegonos kai syntoma, o prwtos perifereiakos braxionas toy Organismoy aytoy, qa egkatastaqei ston Peiraia. ``Oi eyrwpaioi etairoi mas qa einai edw. Qa synepikoyroyn, qa exoyn amesh eikona toy problhmatos. Apo thn allh allazoyme politikh asyloy - kai dhmioyrgoyme mexri ton Ioynio mia nea yphresia. Mia xwra poy ezhse thn prosfygia sto petsi ths, einai aparadekto na diasyretai dieqnws, oti den parexei prosbash sto dikaiwma ayto'' anefere metajy allwn o Prwqypoyrgos.

    Syskech gia thn eisodhmatikh politikh

    To forologiko nomosxedio kai h eisodhmatikh politikh ths kybernhshs, syzhthqhkan se syskech poy pragmatopoihqhke, sto Megaro Majimoy.

    ``H kybernhsh einai apofasismenh na metatrecei ayth th dysmenh katastash se eykairia'', dhlwse o kybernhtikos ekproswpos, Giwrgos Petalwths, anaferomenos sta oikonomika ths xwras kai ypogrammise pws ``prepei na ginei antilhpto to protypo toy yperogkoy daneismoy anejelgkta gia thn kalych basikwn dhmosionomikwn anagkwn, xwris strathgikh poy exei akoloyqhqei kata koron sto parelqon, exei ftasei sta oria toy''.

    O k. Petalwths anefere oti to neo forologiko nomosxedio, to asfalistiko, to nomosxedio gia thn eisodhmatikh politikh, oi rizikes tomes ston agrotiko tomea kai sth genikoterh leitoyrgia toy kratoys apoteloyn ``monodromo''. Epishmane de, pws ``shmera ta periqwria exoyn stenecei gia omadika symferonta kai diekdikhseis'' kai oti ``se aytes tis krisimes stigmes proexei to dhmosio symferon''.

    Afoy anaferqhke sth shmerinh syskech sto Majimoy gia thn eisodhmatikh politikh kai eipe oti piqanotata qa yparxei ayrio atypo ypoyrgiko symboylio, prosqese oti entos ths ebdomadas ``kata pasan piqanothta'' qa paroysiastei kai to oloklhrwmeno nomosxedio gia thn eisodhmatikh politikh, alla kai oi genikoi ajones toy forologikoy systhmatos. Dieykrinise de, pws qa chfistei prwta to nomosxedio gia thn eisodhmatikh politikh kai argotera to forologiko.

    Se erwthsh pote qa allajoyn oi ypeyqynoi twn eforiwn, o k. Petalwths eipe oti h kybernhsh den qelei na balei kommatikoys proistamenoys stis DOY, alla na yparjei mia diadikasia, wste na diasfalistei h antikeimentikothta kai h nomimothta stis epiloges ths.

    Epipleon, eipe oti erxetai kai to nomosxedio toy ypoyrgeioy Eswterikwn gia thn epilogh genikwn dieyqyntwn me antikeimenika krithria.

    [02] Oxi sto nomosxedio gia to metanasteytiko

    Oxi aplws qa katachfisoyme to nomosxedio ths kybernhshs toy PASOK gia thn politografhsh metanastwn, alla kai qa to katarghsoyme otan analaboyme th diakybernhsh ths xwras dhlwse o proedros ths ND Antwnhs Samaras kata thn omilia toy sthn pro hmerhsias diatajews syzhthsh sth Boylh gia to metanasteytiko.

    ``Den qeloyme thn Ellada perikleisto froyrio. Alla den qa afhsoyme pote na ginei kai jefrago ampeli'' eipe o k. Samaras poy yposthrije oti to koinwniko problhma apo thn nomimh paramonh twn metanastwn exei hdh lyqei me nomoqetikes parembaseis ths diakybernhshs ths ND.

    Epekrine malista to PASOK oti ``mesa se synqhkes prwtognwrhs yfeshs, pairnei metra poy oysiastika metatrepoyn thn Ellada se ``magnhth'' newn kymatwn paranomhs metanasteyshs''. Shmeiwse epishs oti h ellhnikh koinwnia exei ftasei pleon sta oria ths, oson afora thn aporrofhsh metanastwn: ``Otan briskomaste sthn kardia ths xeiroterhs oikonomikhs krishs poy perase h Ellada th metapolemikh periodo, to na xorhgoyme iqageneia mazika se miso ekatommyrio metanastes, mazi me ta paidia toys, egkymonei kindynoys koinwnikwn ekrhjewn'' eipe o k. Samaras.

    Symfwna me ton proedro ths ND h omalh entajh metanastwn ginetai stadiaka me tropo poy den dhmioyrgei kindyno na elqoyn ki alloi: ``Den stelnw to mhnyma oti h xwra exei xalares diadikasies mazikhs politografhshs. Den metatrepw thn Ellada se ``magnhth'' eisodoy newn kymatwn paranomwn metanastwn [..] Den stelnw ayto to mhnyma oyte stoys doylemporoys poy karadokoyn na feroyn ki alles ``karabies'' apelpismenwn, oyte sthn ypoloiph koinwnia, poy hdh brisketai sta oria ths''.

    Anaferomenos sthn protash ths ND epi toy qematos, o k. Samaras eipe oti ta paidia poy gennioyntai sthn Ellada qa apoktoyn to dikaiwma na paroyn iqageneia, oxi amesws, alla sthn enhlikiwsh toys me tis ejhs proypoqeseis: Na exoyn teleiwsei thn enniaxronh ypoxrewtikh ekpaideysh, kai na egkataleicoyn thn iqageneia twn goniwn toys. ``M' alla logia, osa paidia gennioyntai sthn Ellada qa paroyn iqageneia me thn enhlikiwsh toys ef' oson to qeloyn. Alla den qa paroyn iqageneia ej arxhs kai oi goneis toys''.

    O k. Samaras anaferqhke epishs sthn tash eyrwpaikwn xwrwn, na ``diorqwnoyn sfalmata'' epi toy zhthmatos, me th Bretania na diakhryssei thn enswmatwsh twn paidiwn twn metanastwn sth ``bretanikothta'', kai me th Gallia na dhmioyrgei ypoyrgeio Eqnikhs taytothtas kai metanasteyshs: Emeis den leme tipote diaforetiko: Milame gia enswmatwsh twn metanastwn sthn hmetera paideia, dhladh thn ``ellhnikothta''. Edw, opoion milaei gia ellhnikothta kapoioi ton stelnoyn sthn pyra! Dhladh pame antiqeta me osa anakalyptoyn kai qespizoyn eyrwpaikes kybernhseis, kentrodejies kai kentroaristeres eipe o k. Samaras.

    Tonise malista oti h ND qelei toys metanastes poy epilegoyn na rizwsoyn sth xwra mas, na afhsoyn pisw toys stoixeia toy politismoy toys poy einai asymbata me to diko mas, na entaxqoyn sthn koinwnia mas, na niwsoyn Ellhnes, na ginoyn Ellhnes mesw ths ``hmeteras paideias''. Den qeloyme aplws na ``paroyn ta xartia toys'' me synoptikes diadikasies kai na anaparagontai ws diaforetika gketo. Qeloyme thn enswmatwsh twn jenwn, gia na katapolemhsoyme thn jenofobia. Gia na teleiwsoyme to ratsismo. Den qeloyme ta gketo poy trofodotoyn ki anaparagoyn to ratsismo eipe xarakthristika.

    Chfos metanastwn stis dhmotikes ekloges

    Milwntas gia to problhma me thn chfo twn metanastwn apo mh eyrwpaikes xwres, stis dhmotikes ekloges, to opoio, opws epishmane ``exei aporrifqei apo alles eyrwpaikes kybernhseis'' ypogrammise oti ``den mporoyn na yparxoyn polites dyo taxythtwn: Kapoioi poy chfizoyn pantoy kai kapoioi poy chfizoyn se orismenes ekloges mono. Kapoioi poy exoyn to dikaiwma twn eklegein kai eklegesqai kai kapoioi - ``ypodeesteroi'' - poy exoyn mono to dikaiwma toy eklegein, alla oxi toy eklegesqai. Den mporei kapoioi na mporoyn na eklegoyn symboyloi h proedroi toy dhmotikoy symboylioy h dhmarxoi, kai kapoioi alloi na mporoyn na eklegoyn monon dhmotikoi symboyloi. Oyte einai dynato kapoios airetos ajiwmatoyxos ths topikhs aytodioikhshs, poy diaxeirizetai poroys toy topoy mas, na mhn mporei na chfizei stis eqnikes ekloges'' eipe o k. Samaras.

    Kata ton arxhgo ths ajiwmatikhs antipoliteyshs mia tetoia ryqmish einai poly piqano na dhmioyrghsei megales entaseis kai polwseis mesa stis topikes koinwnies, dioti qa yparjei megalh kaxypocia oti h chfos twn metanastwn allaje to apotelesma poy qa proekypte, an chfizan monon oi polites poy symmetexoyn sto eklogiko swma twn eqnikwn eklogwn kai dioti kai anamesa stoys metanastes qa dhmioyrghqoyn apolytws dikaiologhmenes pikries, giati kapoioi ap' aytoys qa eklegontai mono dhmotikoi symboyloi, enw Ellhnes polites qa mporoyn na katalaboyn ychlotera aireta ajiwmata ki as exoyn parei ligoteres chfoys: ``Ena tetoio metro, poy dhmioyrgei pikries pantoy kai kaxypocia pantwn kata pantwn, den bohqa sthn omalh entajh twn metanastwn. Mallon epiteinei jenofobika anaklastika''.

    Kalese malista thn kybernhsh ``na aposyrei oloklhrwtika ayto to shmeio'' kai na to syzhthsoyme, an epimenei, meta tis dhmotikes ekloges, ``gia na mhn epibebaiwsei thn kaxypocia poy hdh dhmioyrgei, oti antimetwpizei tetoia zhthmata me stena mikrokommatika kai chfoqhrika krithria''.

    Dieykrinise wstoso oti apo th qesh ayth h ND ejairei toys omogeneis: ``Pisteyoyme oti osoi exoyn karta omogenoys prepei na politografhqoyn kai na paroyn plhrh dikaiwmata chfoy''.

    Apeyqynomenos ejalloy stoys metanastes, toys diabebaiwse oti h ND qelei na toys entajei omala sthn ellhnikh koinwnia, ``se antiqesh pros thn kybernhsh, h opoia, an epimeinei stis qeseis ths, aplws epidiwkei na chfoqhrhsei se baros toys''.

    Telos, shmeiwse oti ``to an exoyme h oxi to qarros na sthrizoyme orismena metra ths kybernhshs, paradeigmatos xarin sthn Oikonomia, poy einai aparaithta gia to kalo toy topoy, to exoyme apodeijei... Twra qa antilhfqeite oti exoyme kai thn apofasistikothta na polemame metra ths kybernhshs poy blaptoyn ton topo''.

    Oloklhrwse, de, thn omilia toy legontas: ``Den qeloyme thn Ellada perikleisto froyrio. Alla den qa afhsoyme pote na ginei kai jefrago ampeli...''.

    [03] Synedriash ejetastikhs gia th Zhmens

    Omofwnh apofash elhfqh apo thn ejetastikh epitroph poy ereyna thn ypoqesh Siemens, na elqei sta "xeria ths" mesw dikastikhs syndromhs, to chfiako yliko to opoio einai proion ypoklophs (binteoskophshs) twn synomiliwn toy fygodikoy prwhn stelexoys ths germanikhs etaireias Mixalh Xristoforakoy me toys dikhgoroys toy kai afora proswpa - politikoys sthn Ellada, toys opoioys feretai na dwrodokhse.

    Gia to qema ayto o fygodikos, prwhn stelexos ths Siemens, exei kataqesei mhnyseis kata twn ypoklopewn toy. Etsi qa zhthqei na stalei sthn epitroph olh h dikografia poy sxhmatisthke.

    Opws tonisqhke sthn epitroph, to yliko symfwna me th germanikh nomoqesia den exei lhfqei ypoch epeidh einai proion ypoklophs, opws omws tonise o proedros ths epitrophs Shfhs Balyrakhs, yparxei sth xwra mas apofash toy Areioy Pagoy, symfwna me thn opoia to proion ypoklophs mporei na lhfqei ypoch, an apodeiknyei th diaprajh kakoyrghmatikwn prajewn.

    Omofwnws epishs apofasisthke na klhqei enwpion ths epitrophs o tetartos eidikos anakriths Nikos Zagorianos, opws epishs kai na ereynhqei to qema ths diafyghs toy Xristoforakoy sth Germania, afoy einai ena zhthma gia to opoio o antiproedros toy Areioy Pagoy Iwannhs Papanikolaoy, o opoios dienhrghse ton peiqarxiko elegxo kata toy Nikoy Zagorianoy, exei kanei logo gia yparjh politikwn eyqynwn.

    Qa zhthqoyn sygkekrimena apo to ypoyrgeio Prostasias toy Polith ta onomata twn astynomikwn - froyrwn toy Xristoforakoy kai qa ereynhqoyn oi synqhkes diafyghs kai oi eyqynes twn organwn poy den eidopoihsan thn yphresia toys gia tis proparaskeyastikes prajeis fyghs sto ejwteriko.

    An xreiastei, opws tonisqhke, qa klhqoyn kai oi astynomikoi kaqws kai oi yphresiakoi kai politikoi toys proistamenoi, sthn prokeimenh periptwsh o prwhn ypoyrgos Dhmosias Tajhs Xrhstos Markogiannakhs.

    Ejalloy ejetazetai to endexomeno ekdoshs neoy eyrwpaikoy entalmatos syllhchs twn Xristoforakoy - Karabela sto opoio qa periexontai kai oi meta to 2004 kakoyrghmatikes prajeis.

    O antiproedros toy Areioy Pagoy Iwannhs Papanikolaoy poy ejetasthke gia deyterh hmera den proseqese tipote peran twn oswn perigrafontai kai dialambanontai sto porisma poy exei syntajei kata toy anakritoy Nik. Zagorianoy, ston opoio apodidei dolo kata thn plhmmelh enaskhsh twn kaqhkontwn toy.

    O kos Papanikolaoy eipe gia mia akomh fora oti den mporei na pei perissotera desmeyomenos apo exemyqeia oyte na ekfrasei kriseis, enw epanelabe oti den htan rolos toy h diereynhsh politikhs emplokhs kai xeiragwghshs sto ergo toy koy Zagorianoy, alla oti en pash periptwsei h poinikh dikaiosynh qa ereynhsei peraiterw thn ypoqesh kai thn tyxon yparjh hqikwn aytoyrgwn sta adikhmata gia ta opoia exei askhqei diwjh kata toy anakritoy.

    Metajy twn martyrwn poy exoyn zhthqei einai kai ayto ths proedroy toy Nomikoy Symboylioy toy Kratoys Eygenias Belwnh. Ayrio exoyn klhqei na ejetastoyn apo thn epitroph oi dhmosiografoi Tasos Tellogloy kai Aristea Mpoygatsoy.

    [04] "Dhmochfisma gia thn iqageneia"

    Thn protash toy gia thn dienergeia dhmochfismatos epanefere o proedros toy LAOS Giwrgos Karatzaferhs kata th pro hmerhsias syzhthsh sth Boylh, poy egine me prwtoboylia toy kommatos toy, gia to qema ths apokthshs ellhnikhs iqageneias apo allodapoys kai th metanasteytikh politikh.

    O k. Karatzaferhs ejefrase thn entonh antiqesh toy sthn apofash ths kybernhshs, antiproteine anti gia nomimopoihsh na toys doqei karta makroxronias paramonhs, milhse gia ``fytili poy anabei thn wra poy h xwra xreiazetai eqnikh omocyxia'' kai kalese th ND kai proswpika ton Antwnh Samara na apodextei th protash toy, wste na apotrecoyn mazi thn periptwsh na ginei nomos toy kratoys se liges hmeres.

    ``Gia thn prwtofanh oikonomikh krish poy pernaei h xwra xreiazetai na yparxei omocyxia. Giati biazeste gia ena qema poy kindyneyei h dhmokratia. Elate meta apo 3 mhnes na to syzhthsoyme. Giati den to kanoyme ayto; Ti qa allajei; Poio einai to kwlyma; Giati bazoyme fytili anamesa mas twra poy xreiazomaste omocyxia. Ti qelete na kerdisete;'' shmeiwse xarakthristika.

    Sth synexeia, o k. Karatzaferhs, amfisbhthse ta stoixeia ths kybernhshs oti sth xwra mas oi nomimoi metanastes einai 534.000, yposthrizontas oti symfwna me dika toy stoixeia, oi laqrometanastes jepernoyn to 1,5 ek.

    ``Eseis milate gia miso ekatommyrio nomimoys. Toys alloys, poy einai ena ekatommyrio ti qa toys kanete; Prepei na broyme toys ypoloipoys posoi kai poioi einai giati kaneis den to gnwrizei. Se 10 xronia qa exoyme 3 ek. metanastes. To pragma dyskoleyei den einai aplo. An nomizete oti h ellhnikh koinwnia qa toys dextei, qa diafwnhsw sfodra'' prosqese o k. Karatzaferhs.

    O proedros toy LAOS epekrine to n/s kai ypogrammise oti h Ellada einai pylh eisodoy laqrometanastwn kai teleytaia dexetai kymata apo aytoys. Gia ayto, opws eipe, prepei na eimaste aysthroteroi, gia na toys apotrecoyme kai oxi na ginomaste hpioteroi. Epishs yposthrije oti yparxei diafhmish sto Internet, poy toys kalei na erqoyn sthn Ellada kai me 5.000 eyrw se 5 xronia qa politografhqoyn Ellhnes.

    O k. Karatzaferhs synekrine thn ayjhsh ths egklhmatikothtas me thn ayjhsh twn laqrometanastwn kai prosqese oti den mporei h Ellada na toys dextei giati den einai etoimh. Mporei omws, eipe, na to kanei afoy diapistwqei posoys pragmati h xwra mas antexei.

    Akoma, xarakthrise ybrh na sygkrinontai oi Ellhnes omogeneis oi opoioi, opws eipe, den mporoyn na exoyn dikaiwma chfoy, me toys laqrometanastes. Yposthrije oti 750.000 metanastes me dyo xronia ergasias qa paroyn syntajh thn idia wra poy to asfalistiko einai ston aera, enw 7 dis. einai o tziros poy kanoyn oi metanastes poy poylane proionta stoys dromoys kai oti feygoyn 12 dis. sto xrono sto ejwteriko.

    Telos, o proedros toy LAOS antiproteine anti na nomimopoihsoyme toys metanastes na toys dinoyme karta ygeias alla kai karta makroxronias paramonhs.

    ``Yparxei tropos na toys kanoyme nomimoys xwris na epibarynqoyme. Kante loipon dhmochfisma, diaforetika eseis traymatizete kairia thn diaboyleysh kai thn eqnikh omocyxia'', katelhje o k. Karatzaferhs.


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