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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-07-12

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Sto epikentro h pagkosmia oikonomia
  • [02] Jekina h apografh twn dhmosiwn ypallhlwn
  • [03] Htayros: To pthno poy trofodothse qryloys kai paramyqia

    [01] Sto epikentro h pagkosmia oikonomia

    Ypo thn proedria toy Prwqypoyrgoy kai Proedroy ths Sosialistikhs Dieqnoys, Giwrgoy A. Papandreoy, kai me syntonisth to nompelista oikonomologo Tzozef Stigklits, pragmatopoieitai, shmera ston Poro, synanthsh ths Epitrophs ths Sosialistikhs Dieqnoys gia ta Pagkosmia Oikonomika Qemata, sto plaisio toy Symposioy ths Symhs.

    Kyrio qema syzhthshs ths Epitrophs einai h ajiologhsh twn apofasewn ths prosfaths synanthshs toy G20 poy egine sto Toronto, stis 26-27 Ioynioy 2010 kai ta epomena bhmata enocei ths epomenhs synanthshs poy qa ginei sth Seoyl, stis 11-12 Noembrioy 2010.

    Sto Symboylio ths Sosialistikhs Dieqnoys, poy pragmatopoihqhke sth Nea Yorkh, stis 21-22 Ioynioy 2010, symfwnhqhkan mia seira apo protaseis, oi opoies katateqhkan stoys hgetes poy symmeteixan sto G20. Metajy allwn eginan sygkekrimenes eishghseis gia mia nea xrhmatooikonomikh arxitektonikh, gia th forologhsh toy xrhmatooikonomikoy tomea kai thn efarmogh metarryqmisewn gia ton ekdhmokratismo ths pagkosmias diakybernhshs.

    Eidikotera, sto chfisma toy Symboylioy ypogrammizetai oti, ``h pagkosmia xrhmatooikonomikh krish, h opoia arxise ta telh toy 2008, den exei akoma teleiwsei. Yparxoyn sobares anisothtes sthn pagkosmia oikonomia kai megalh anagkh gia mia kala syntonismenh oikonomikh politikh metajy twn megalwn oikonomiwn toy kosmoy. Prepei na breqei enas politikos tropos gia na lyqei to problhma twn pagkosmiwn anisothtwn se epipedo G20''.

    To Symposio, poy diorganwnetai kaqe xrono apo to Idryma Andrea Papandreoy, qa oloklhrwqei thn Pempth.

    [02] Jekina h apografh twn dhmosiwn ypallhlwn

    Jekina shmera h apografh twn dhmosiwn ypallhlwn poy qa oloklhrwqei stis 23 Ioylioy, prokeimenoy amesws meta na arxisei h katabolh twn misqwn apokleistika apo thn Eniaia Arxh Plhrwmwn mesw trapezikwn logariasmwn.

    Me Koinh Ypoyrgikh Apofash toy Ypoyrgoy Eswterikwn, Apokentrwshs kai Hlektronikhs Diakybernhshs, Giannh Ragkoysh kai toy Ypoyrgoy Oikonomikwn, Giwrgoy Papakwnstantinoy, apofasisthke h apografh proswpikoy toy Dhmosioy, twn Nomikwn Proswpwn Dhmosioy Dikaioy kai twn Organismwn Topikhs Aytodioikhshs A' kai B' baqmoy kai h systash Eniaias Arxhs Plhrwmhs (E.A.P.).

    H apografh olwn twn dhmosiwn ypallhlwn, qa syndyastei me th dhmioyrgia Eniaias Arxhs Plhrwmhs, parexontas thn amesh dynatothta parakoloyqhshs analytikwn kai sygkentrwtikwn stoixeiwn misqodosias, me stoxo thn aplopoihsh twn diadikasiwn katabolhs amoibwn toy Dhmosioy.

    Me thn koinh ypoyrgikh apofash kaqorizontai oi oroi, oi proypoqeseis kai h diadikasia ths apografhs.

    Oloi oi ypoxreoi qa prepei na symplhrwsoyn mia hlektronikh selida apografhs. Ta dedomena sygkentrwnontai sth Genikh Grammateia Plhroforiakwn Systhmatwn toy Ypoyrgeioy Oikonomikwn, enw h diastayrwsh twn stoixeiwn qa ginei kai me toys asfalistikoys foreis, gia logoys ajiopistias ths taytopoihshs. Kata thn diadikasia diastayrwshs stoixeiwn, apodidetai monadikos Eniaios Kwdikos Misqodosias Dhmosioy (E.K.M.DH.) se kaqe dhmosio ypallhlo, toy opoioy ta stoixeia exoyn diastayrwqei. Se kaqe proswpo poy proslambanetai h diorizetai apo opoiondhpote forea Dhmosioy xorhgeitai sto ejhs E.K.M.DH..

    Parallhla problepetai h systash ths Eniaias Arxhs Plhrwmwn, sth Genikh Grammateia Dhmosionomikhs Politikhs/Geniko Logisthrio toy Kratoys. Apostolh ths E.A.P. einai h plhrwmh, mesw trapezikoy logariasmoy, twn pashs fysews apodoxwn, prosqetwn amoibwn, , apozhmiwsewn toy proswpikoy toy Dhmosioy, N.P.D.D., O.T.A. kai twn fysikwn proswpwn, poy apasxoloyntai me symbash misqwshs ergoy.

    Meta tis hmeromhnies enarjhs katabolhs apodoxwn kai loipwn amoibwn apo thn E.A.P., apagoreyetai kai einai apolytws akyrh h katabolh me diaforetiko tropo twn pashs fysews apodoxwn kai loipwn amoibwn toy proswpikoy.

    Oloi oi foreis, twn opoiwn h misqodosia barynei ton kratiko Proypologismo, einai ypoxrewmenoi na entajoyn tis pashs fysews amoibes poy empiptoyn sthn armodiothta ths E.A.P. mexri thn 31h Aygoystoy 2010 (gia O.T.A. kai N.P.D.D. mexri 31 Dekembrioy 2010).

    Oles oi parathrhseis ths Arxhs Prostasias Dedomenwn Proswpikoy Xarakthra exoyn lhfqei ypoch, sxetika me thn apografh twn dhmosiwn ypallhlwn, tonizei to Ypoyrgeio Eswterikwn.

    Opws anaferetai apo to ypoyrgeio, sxetika me thn apofash 43/2010 ths anejarthths arxhs ``exoyn lhfqei ypoch oles oi parathrhseis ths kai ta stoixeia, ta opoia syllegontai kata thn apografh, einai symfwna me ayta poy epitrepei h Arxh Prostasias Dedomenwn Proswpikoy Xarakthra''.

    Antidra h Enwsh Dikastwn

    H Enwsh Dikastwn kai Eisaggelewn (EDE) me anakoinwsh ths synista sta melh ths na mhn symplhrwsoyn kai na mhn ypoballoyn to deltio apografhs, opws kanei to pashs fysews proswpiko toy Dhmosioy tomea kai twn Nomikwn Proswpwn Dhmosioy Tomea.

    Opws anaferei h Enwsh yphrjan arketes synanthseis gia to zhthma ths ypobolhs toy deltioy apografhs (hlektronika) me to Ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn. Akomh, anaferei h EDE oti h ypoyrgikh apofash poy problepei thn apografh katalambanei mono to proswpiko toy Dhmosioy kai den katalambanei foreis twn leitoyrgiwn toy kratoys, opws einai oi dikastikoi leitoyrgoi.

    Symfwna panta me thn EDE h apografh den katalambanei thn nomoqetikh kai ektelestikh ejoysia kata synepeia den katalambanei kai toys dikastes afoy einai amesa organa toy kratoys.

    Parallhla, h EDE yposthrizei oti ``pasxei'' h ypoyrgikh apofash poy problepei thn apografh, kaqws den anaferei poios einai o skopos ths.

    Telos, h Enwsh zhtaei thn epilysh toy en logw zhthmatos.

    [03] Htayros: To pthno poy trofodothse qryloys kai paramyqia

    Demeno me myqoys kai qryloys aiwnwn, idiaitera sthn perioxh ths Karlas, einai to pthno Htayros. Prokeitai gia ena eidos erwdioy, o Htayros Asterias, kryfo synhqws apo toys anqrwpoys kai me parajenh fwnh, poy apotelese aformh gia myqoys kai qryloys se oloys toy ygrotopoys ths xwras, alla kai sth perioxh ths Karlas.

    Akoma kai ligo prin apo thn apojhransh ths limnhs Karla, to 1960, egine h megalyterh katametrhsh parydatiwn pthnwn poy exei katagrafei sthn Ellada, otan metrhqhkan peripoy 430.000 diaxeimazonta parydatia pthna(papies, falarides k.lp.). Eixan katagrafei 143 eidh poyliwn, apo ta opoia toylaxiston 55 qewroyntai shmera prostateyomena.

    O Htayros, symfwna me stoixeia poy paroysiase se sxetikh hmerida toy Moyseioy Limnaioy Politismoy Karlas KE.ME.BO., sta Kanalia Magnhsias, o episthmonas Qeologos Pardalidhs, einai enas megaloswmos erwdios (mhkoys 69-81 ekatosta), me xontro laimo kai me konta podia, poy toy dinoyn ena parajeno perpathma, kaqws oi patoyses toy sernontai pisw apo to swma toy.

    To fterwma toy einai kastano, me apoxrwseis kafe ews pyrojanqo kai me mayres riges sth raxh kai tis fteroyges. Einai eidos kryptiko. Poly xarakthristikh einai h stash poy pairnei otan antilambanetai oti kindyneyei. Paramenei akinhtos, me anashkwmeno to ramfos toy, dinontas thn entypwsh mikroy passaloy. H stash toy ayth dhmioyrgei mia poly petyxhmenh parallagh anamesa sta kalamia, opoy diakrinetai me megalh dyskolia.

    H fwnh toy einai braxnh kai akoygetai to xarama h to soyroypo. Einai xamhlosyxnh kai gia ayto akoygetai se apostash 5 xiliometrwn. Ekpneei san apomakrh korna ploioy kai trofodotei qryloys kai paramyqia. Ton apokaloyn to "qerio toy baltoy" logw toy apomakroy moygkrismatos toy poy den entopizetai eykola. H fwnh toy alla kai o biotopos toy apotelesan thn bash gia tis onomasies poy toy exoyn apodoqei, Botaurus apo to "Boys" kai "Tayros".

    To allo toy onoma einai tranomoygkana, poy empneetai apo th fwnh toy, h opoia moiazei me moygkanhto kai akoygetai dynata, makria. To xarakthristiko ths fwnhs toy einai oi krayges poy moiazoyn me to moygkrhto toy bodioy.

    Qa mporoyse na einai ayto to mikro pthno h aitia toy ypokwfoy qoryboy poy akoygan toso syxna oi katoikoi gyrw apo tis limnes ths Elladas, anarwtietai o k. Pardalidhs ki apanta o idios: "Poly eykola, h pisth se mia tetoia ermhneia mporei na lysei amesws ola mas ta erwthmata".

    Shmera, to teras ths limnhs antimetwpizei problhma ejafanishs sthn Eyrwph kai gia ton logo ayto brisketai ypo kaqestws prostasias: symperilambanetai ston katalogo toy Kokkinoy Biblioy gia ta apeiloymena spondylozwa ths Ellados, sthn kathgoria Aprosdiorista. Symperilambanetai sta eidh toy Pararthmatos I ths Koinotikhs Odhgias 79/409 toy Symboylioy ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs gia th diathrhsh twn agriwn poyliwn kai sta eidh toy Pararthmatos II ths Symbashs ths Bernhs gia th diathrhsh ths eyrwpaikhs agrias zwhs kai twn fysikwn biotopwn.

    Einai krisimo, loipon, na lhfqoyn ola ta metra gia thn epibiwsh toy, toso sth limnh Karla oso kai stoys alloy ygrotopoys ths xwras. Gia na ginei ayto efikto prepei na prostateytoyn oi biotopoi, stoys opoioys fwliazei, dhladh oi kalamiwnes, stoys opoioys o sxediasmos ths epanasystashs den edwse idiaitero baros.

    Mia allh ejhghsh gia to stoixeio ths limnhs edwse, me stoixeia poy paroysiase sthn idia hmerida, o gewlogos Stayros Garoyfalhs. Tonise pws h episthmh ths Gewlogias bebaiwnei oti, pragmatika prin apo 12 - 15.000 xronia h Qessalia htan limnh kai monon peri to 9 - 10.000 p.x. apokthse th shmerinh gewlogikh morfh. Stis arxes ths epoxhs toy Xalkoy h staqmh ths limnhs htan katw apo ta 50 metra kai sta 64 metra kata ta telh ths Mykhnaikhs epoxhs.

    O Phneios potamos kai oi ydatinoi ogkoi, poy katebainan apo ta gyrw boyna, htan kai einai h aitia ayjomeiwshs toy baqoys ths Karlas, poy htan gia toys katoikoys ths gyrw perioxhs phgh zwhs, alla taytoxrona to anejhghto moygkrhto poy erxontan aproeidopoihta apo th meria ths, etrefe myqoys kai paradoseis.

    Gia na dwsei kapoios peistikh ermhneia gia ola ayta, symperane o k. Garoyfalhs, qa prepei na dexqei toso thn ekdoxh ths yparjhs enos plasmatos , oso kai thn gewlogikh ekdoxh toy fysikoy fainomenoy gia kinhsh ydatwn kai reymatwn aera sto ypedafos twn limnwn. Isws na synebaine mia apo tis dyo ekdoxes h kai oi dyo mazi. To na krybetai ena zwo se aprosita shmeia poy epeleje san katafygio sthn diarkws ayjanomenh anqrwpinh epektash, moiazei apolyta logiko kai qa apoteloyse antikeimeno ereynas ths kryptozwologias.

    H apoch toy Aristotelh einai oti o bombos h to moygkrisma poy proerxetai apo diafores ydatines sygkentrwseis (limnes, elh), paragetai sta stasima shmeia twn ydatwn, ekei dhladh poy to nero ekballei sth qalassa kaqws ekei symbainei ektonwsh sysswreymenoy aera se ypogeies shragges, apo stenotera shmeia se alla platytera.

    Ereynes me mhxanhmata anixneyshs ths morfologias toy ypedafoys twn limnwn, edeijan oti shragges kai kataboqres, mporoyn na egklwbisoyn megales posothtes aera analoga me to adeiasma h to gemisma toys me nero, aporroia twn klimatologikwn synqhkwn (oi bomboi akoygontan kyriws sth metabash apo jhrasia se plhmmyres alla kai antistrofa). Isws h yparjh aytwn twn ypogeiwn morfologikwn sxhmatismwn apotelei ton syndetiko kriko anamesa se ena fysiko fainomeno kai ena eidos plasmatos.

    Diaforetikh htan h proseggish toy qematos "Htayros" apo th filologo Stamatia Mwraith, poy ereynhse thn onomasia mesa apo mia seira qrylwn kai mesa apo th myqologia mas ki edwse th dikh ths ejhghsh gia thn proeleysh toy onomatos Htayros.

    H Karla, ypogrammise h k. Mwraith , htan limnh syndedemenh me ton Foibo Apollwna, to qeo toy fwtos, synexisth ths latreias toy Hlioy, enan qeo poy syndeetai me ton Htayro , me th morfh toy erwdioy, toy Htayroy Asteria h Boytayroy asteroskopoy, poy krwzei to xarama kai to soyroypo me fwnh poy akoygetai apo xiliometra makria. Th qeikh katagwgh apo ton Apollwna kai th fwteinothta ths Karlas th martyrei apo th mia to arxaio onoma ths, Boibhida, apo to Boibh-Foibh th giagia toy Apollwna , onoma poy shmainei lamperh, ki apo thn allh o myqos toy idioy toy qeoy Apollwna poy gia 9 xronia boskei sthn perioxh ths Karlas ta kopadia toy basilia twn Ferwn Admhto.

    Agaphmenh perioxh, loipon, gia ton Apollwna h Karla kai pisw ap' oloys aytoys toys myqoys den mporei kaneis para na antilhfqei pws o zwodoths Hlios xarize afeidwleyta to fws toy ki ekane gonimh thn perioxh ths Karlas, mia limnh poy gia aiwnes apotelese ena qaymasio ygrotopo me kalamiwnes, me abaqh nera kai genika idanikes synqhkes gia th diabiwsh kai anaparagwgh pollwn pthnwn , kai toy Htayroy Asteria anamesa sta alla.

    O qeos Apollwnas gennhqhke sth Dhlo poy paliotera legotan Asteria kai Wrtygia, dhladh xwra ths ortygos, toy pthnoy h emfanish toy opoioy anaggellei thn anatolh ths meras. Etsi, oi lejeis Dhlos-Asteria- Wrtygia dhlwnoyn thn idea ths Anatolhs, ths eleyshs toy hlioy, th gennhsh toy Apollwna.

    Kai katelhje h k. Mwraith sto symperasma pws to poyli ayto onomasthke Htayros, epeidh sth syneidhsh toy kosmoy perase ws o tayros toy Hlioy, toy Apollwna. Oso gia tis onomasies Ghtayros kai Nhtayros poy synantwntai, tonise oti den einai para allh apodosh toy onomatos Htayros, opws ayto metaferetai apo stoma se stoma.

    Sto qessaliko glwssiko idiwma exoyme kai lejeis poy anaptyssoyn ena "g" sthn arxh ths lejhs, poy arxizei apo fwnhen, to opoio symproferetai me to fwnhen ths prohgoymenhs. Etsi, o hlios ginetai o (oy) ghlios (-oys), to aima ginetai to (toy) gaima. To idio, o Htayros egine o Ghtayros, onoma poy apo merikoys qewrhqhke oti, einai synqeto apo tis lejeis gh kai tayros. Lanqasmena, omws, giati o Htayros sxetizetai panta me to ygro stoixeio ki oxi th steria.

    Epishs, to onoma Nhtayros prohlqe apo thn aitiatikh toy enikoy logw symproforas toy arqroy kai toy oysiastikoy, giati qewrhqhke oti einai lejeis anapospastes . Etsi exoyme thn oyra poy egine th noyra kai ton Htayro poy egine to Nhtayro. Symfwna m'ayta , loipon, qessalikh einai h proeleysh toy onomatos Htayros, toy tayroy toy hlioy, kai arrhkta demenh me to qeo Apollwna kai th limnh Karla poy me tis kataboqres ths kai toys kalamiwnes ths gia aiwnes yphrje enas ploysios ygrotopos o opoios syndyaze arista to ygro stoixeio toy Poseidwna kai to stoixeio toy Hlioy- Apollwna.

    To stoixeio ths limnhs den yphrje to fobero stoixeio, poy prokaloyse to kako, alla o prostaths filos, poy proeidopoioyse gia epikeimenes symfores, les kai noiazotan kai hqele na proideasei toys anqrwpoys gia na proetoimastoyn.

    Sthn epoxh mas, omws, poy h episthmonikh gnwsh mas apomakrynei apo qryloys kai dojasies, oxi h fwnh toy Htayroy , alla h apoysia ths fwnhs toy qa' prepe na mas tromazei, giati h apoysia aytwn twn moygkrhtwn dhlwnei thn apoysia ypogeiwn nerwn kai thn apoysia ygrotopwn ploysiwn se xlwrida kai panida, epishmanan oi omilhtes sthn hmerida.

    Qeatrikh parastash gia ton Htayro

    To Moyseio Limnaioy Politismoy Karlas-KE.ME.BO. exei analabei thn paragwgh toy qeatrikoy ergoy "Htayros, sto ygro mati ths qessalikhs ghs" toy Eyaggeloy Kaboyra se skhnoqesia Qanash Zerba.

    Skopos toy ergoy einai, epeita apo th sxetikh ereyna, bibliografikh kai epitopia poy prohghqhke, h probolh toy Karlioy Limnaioy Politismoy me thn amesothta, th zwntania kai thn parastatikothta toy qeatroy, etsi opws ayto jerei na diegeirei tis aisqhseis mas, na mas sygkinei kai telika na afhnei anejithla ixnh mesa mas.

    Gia th synqesh toy ergoy, o syggrafeas antlhse san apo dejamenh, stoixeia apo ta arxeia toy Moyseioy gia ton Karlio tropo zwhs, ta yfane aristoyrghmatika me thn pena toy kai katafere na mas dwsei me fonto thn Karla, mia baqia anqrwpinh istoria agaphs, h moira ths opoias akoloyqhse th moira ths limnhs, apokoimhqhke gia megalo xroniko diasthma kai janagennhqhke sth synexeia.

    Paroysa s' olh thn ejelijh toy ergoy h Nhrhida ths Karlas, o Htayros. Einai enas zwntanos qrylos ths perioxhs poy anagennietai sto neosystato pia "ygro mati ths Qessalikhs ghs", th neo-Boibhida.

    H skhnoqetikh matia toy Qanash Zerba de staqhke mono sto didaktiko kai lyriko xarakthra toy keimenoy toy Eyaggeloy Kaboyra, alla prospaqhse na apokryptografhsei ton cyxismo twn hrwwn kai na apodwsei me zwntania kai ryqmo mia istoria poy jekina tis paramones ths apojhranshs ths Karlas kai ftanei sto shmera. To ergo krinetai idiaitera epikairo, kaqws symbadizei me ta sygxrona gegonota gia thn anasystash ths limnhs, poy exei trabhjei to endiaferon, toso to panelladiko oso kai to dieqnes.

    Orama toy syggrafea kai toy skhnoqeth einai na perasoyn sto koino mesa apo to xwro ths skhnhs thn eyaisqhsia toys gia thn kapote megalh mas limnh kai gia enan tropo zwhs poy ejafanisthke mazi me ta nera ths.

    Keimeno: A.Zwhs


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