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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-07-13

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] ``Dhmosionomikh Diaxeirish kai Eyqynh''
  • [02] Makrys o katalogos twn martyrwn
  • [03] Panepisthmiakoi gia thn apografh
  • [04] Odoiporiko sthn polyfyletikh, alla pamftwxh Aiqiopia
  • [05] Alles tesseris ypo epithrhsh
  • [06] Afhse th qesh toy tamia

    [01] ``Dhmosionomikh Diaxeirish kai Eyqynh''

    Yperchfisthke kai epi twn arqrwn, sthn Epitroph Oikonomikwn ths Boylhs, to nomosxedio gia thn ``Dhmosionomikh Diaxeirish kai Eyqynh'', me to opoio anamorfwnetai h diadikasia katartishs kai elegxoy toy Proypologismoy, problepontas gia to teleytaio kai symmetoxh ths Boylhs.

    Exontas yperchfisei to nomosxedio epi ths arxhs, o eishghths ths Neas Dhmokratias, Margariths Tzhmas, ejefrase thn antiqesh toy kommatos toy stis ``yperejoysies'' poy dinei ston ypoyrgo Oikonomikwn to arqro 3 toy nomosxedioy (dekaepta rhtes armodiothtes). Sto idio mhkos kymatos, o K. Aibaliwths (LAOS) parathrhse pws o ypoyrgos Oikonomikwn ginetai ``ypertsaros'', enw gia ``enos andros arxh'' ekane logo kai o D. Papadhmoylhs (SYRIZA).

    ``To ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn den ginetai yperypoyrgeio, alla sygkentrwnetai h epopteia se ena ypoyrgeio gia na mporoyn na elegxqoyn oi dapanes'' apanthse o paristamenos yfypoyrgos, F. Saxinidhs, o opoios dexqhke na afaireqei apo to arqro 3, h problepomenh gia ton ypoyrgo Oikonomikwn, armodiothta ths ``ryqmishs'' ths diaxeirishs twn oikonomikwn ths genikhs kybernhshs.

    H ND kai o SYRIZA, epifylaxqhkan na topoqethqoyn epi twn arqrwn sthn Olomeleia, enw to KKE dieykrinise pws qa katachfisei, opws katachfise kai epi ths arxhs: ``Me thn opoia dhmosionomikh ejygiansh qa exoyme mia akoma pio ragdaia epideinwsh ths qeshs twn ergazomenwn'' parathrhse sxetika o agorhths toy kommatos, Nikos Karaqanasopoylos.

    Shmeiwnetai epishs h epimonh toy D. Papadhmoylh, na problefqei h dynatothta ths Boylhs na tropopoiei ton Proypologismo, akoma kai sto plaisio ths dhmosionomikhs oydeterothtas (oi opoies ayjhseis kondyliwn se enan tomea, na isoskelizontai me meiwseis se kapoion allo) - protash me thn opoia dhlwse pws symfwnei kai o Manwlhs Kefalogiannhs. Ek meroys toy F. Saxinidh, den yphrje qetikh antapokrish - enw h proedreyoysa B. Papandreoy, ypenqymise parembainontas pws kati tetoio proypoqetei thn allagh toy Kanonismoy ths Boylhs, poy prokeitai na syzhthqei thn Paraskeyh.

    [02] Makrys o katalogos twn martyrwn

    Se ena makry katalogo martyrwn, poy endexetai na jeperasoyn kai toys 60, katelhje omofwna sth prwth ths synedriash h Ejetastikh Epitroph poy diereyna thn ypoqesh twn domhmenwn omologwn thn periodo 2004 -2007.

    H lista perilambanei, metajy allwn, oloys toys armodioys ypoyrgoys kai yfypoyrgoys ths ND, ton nyn ypoyrgo Ergasias kai to nyn yfypoyrgo Oikonomikwn toy PASOK, stelexh xrhmatisthriakwn etairiwn, h pleionothta twn opoiwn empleketai me thn epimaxh ypoqesh, oloys toys proedroys asfalistikwn tameiwn poy agorasan domhmena omologa kai toys proedroys ths Epitrophs Kefalaiagoras apo to 2004 ews shmera, toys proedroys ths Ellhnikhs Enwshs Trapezwn, toys prwhn kai nyn dioikhtes ths Trapezas Ellados kai tis dioikhseis twn anadoxwn Trapezwn, kaqws kai ton prwhn epikefalhs ths Epitrophs gia to jeplyma brwmikoy xrhmatos.

    Epishs me dikh toy prwtoboylia zhthse kai qa kataqesei kai o nyn yfypoyrgos Ergasias Giwrgos Koytroymanhs, kaqws eixe diatelesei melos toy DS toy TEAPOKA.

    Sth xqesinh synedriash ths Ejetastikhs Epitrophs, h kybernhtikh pleiochfia aperrice protash ths ND na klhqoyn ws martyres, oi proedroi toy Organismoy Diaxeirishs Dhmosioy Xreoys (ODDHX) apo to 1997 ews to 2004, kai ekane logo gia prospaqeia apoprosanatolismoy.

    Opws yposthrije to PASOK, h periodos einai asxeth apo aythn poy diereyna h Ejetastikh kai ypenqymise oti omofwna h Olomeleia ths Boylhs apofasise thn diereynhsh ths ypoqeshs twn domhmenwn omologwn poy ejedwse to ellhniko dhmosio thn periodo 2004-2007, ta opoia katelhjan se asfalistika tameia.

    Epishs to PASOK epiteqhke sthn Ajiwmatikh Antipoliteysh, kathgorwntas thn gia prospaqeia dhmioyrgias entypwsewn kai kanontas logo gia zhmia 3 ek. eyrw toy ellhnikoy dhmosioy apo to domhmeno omologo 12etoys diarkeias kai ajias 280 ek. eyrw poy agorasthke to 2007 apo diafora tameia.

    Aformh htan h grapth apanthsh toy ypoyrgoy Ergasias Andrea Loberdoy, meta apo sxetikh erwthsh toy boyleyth ths ND Nikoy Nikolopoyloy.

    Symfwna me aythn, ligoys mhnes meta thn ekdosh toy domhmenoy omologoy stis 31 Aygoystoy 2007, meta to qorybo poy jespase, epanagorasthke to idio to omologo apo thn JP MORGAN. Apotelesma htan na epibarynqei o kratikos proypologismos me to poso twn 3.067.762,48 eyrw to opoio katablhqhke ws ektakth epixorhghsh sta tessera tameia TEADY, TEAPOKA, TEAYFE kai TSEYP prokeimenoy na mhn exoyn apwleies.

    Apo thn pleyra ths ND toso o Prokophs Paylopoylos oso kai o Nikos Nikolopoylos anteteinan oti to PASOK kanei epilektikh anagnwsh ths apanthshs toy k. Loberdoy, kaqws apodeiknyetai oti antistoixhs domhshs omologo sto opoio eixe ependysei h Emporikh Trapeza epefere shmantikotata kerdh sto dhmosio.

    Anaferomenoi de, sto ``epimaxo'' omologo, yposthrijan oti to poso twn 3 ek. eyrw kalyfqhke apo to kratos me nomo toy 2007, ton opoio yperchfise kai to PASOK.

    Akoma yposthrijan oti h arnhsh toy PASOK na dextei thn protash ths ND gia toys proedroys toy ODDHX edeije oti h kybernhtikh pleiochfia epixeirei na prokataskeyasei to porisma ths Ejetastikhs Epitrophs.

    Ola ta politika proswpa sta opoia exoyn symfwnhsei ola ta kommata na klhqoyn qa kataqesoyn meta thn oloklhrwsh ths ejetashs twn ypoloipwn martyrwn.

    Se ayta symperilambanontai metajy allwn: O prwhn ypoyrgos kai yfypoyrgos Oikonomias Giwrgos Alogoskoyfh kai Petros Doykas. Oi treis prwhn ypoyrgoi Apasxolhshs Sabbas Tsitoyridhs, Panos Panagiwtopoylos, Basilhs Magginas. O prwhn ypoyrgos Eqnikhs Amynas Baggelhs Meimarakhs. O nyn ypoyrgos Ergasias Andreas Loberdos kai o nyn yfypoyrgos Oikonomikwn Filippos Saxinidhs.

    [03] Panepisthmiakoi gia thn apografh

    Anoikth epistolh pros toys ypoyrgoys Eswterikwn, Oikonomikwn kai Paideias, h opoia koinopoieitai kai sto grafeio toy prwqypoyrgoy, stelnei shmera h Panellhnia Omospondia Syllogwn Didaktikoy kai Ereynhtikoy Proswpikoy twn AEI (POSDEP) poy anaferetai sthn apografh.

    Sygkekrimena, oi kaqhghtes Panepisthmioy zhtoyn "na antikatastaqei sto entypo apografhs kai sth G OMADA - ERGASIAKH SXESH ME DD, h frash "Panellhnia Omospondia Syllogwn Didaktikoy kai Ereynhtikoy Proswpikoy", me th frash "MONIMOI YPALLHLOI DHMOSIOY DIKAIOY kai DIKASTIKOI LEITOYRGOI".

    Idiaitera, oi Panepisthmiakoi epishmainoyn:

    "Molis plhroforhqhkame- kai sygxronws diapistwsame sthn antistoixh istoselida- th ryqmish sthn opoia probhkate sxetika me to qema toy diaxwrismoy twn dhmosiwn leitoyrgwn apo ayto toy eyryteroy swmatos twn dhmosiwn ypallhlwn. Me ekplhjh diapistwsame oti ayth h epanorqwsh aforoyse ena meros mono toy synoloy twn dhmosiwn leitoyrgwn.

    Qeloyme na pisteyoyme oti sth xwra mas meta apo polloys agwnes exei katakthqei h isopoliteia, toylaxiston sto qesmiko ths skelos. Bebaia den syzhtame to oikonomiko skelos ths isopoliteias, oso qa yparxoyn leitoyrgoi, poy aytoprosdiorizoyn tis oikonomikes apolabes toys xwris na toys akoympaei katb elaxiston h shmerinh tragikh katastash toy synoloy sxedon ths ypoloiphs koinwnias, anejarthtws roloy kai oysiastikhs syneisforas sthn anaptyjh ths xwras".

    H ryqmish ayth poy zhtoyn na ginei sthn apografh -lene oi kaqhghtes - oti "topoqetei ta pragmata sth swsth qesh kai den epitrepei th dhmioyrgia opoiasdhpote parejhghshs, afoy kata to arqro 16 par. 6 toy Syntagmatos ths Ellados 'Oi kaqhghtes twn anwtatwn ekpaideytikwn idrymatwn einai dhmosioi leitoyrgoi'. Se diaforetikh periptwsh h POSDEP qa anagkastei amesa kai entos ths hmeras na zhthsei apo ta melh ths na aposxoyn apo th symplhrwsh toy Apografikoy Deltioy sthn istoselida ths 'Hlektronikhs Yphresias Apografhs Misqodotoymenwn apo to Dhmosio"'.

    Xqes, h Enwsh Dikastwn kai Eisaggelewn, me anakoinwsh ths dieykrinhse oti h Enwsh oti den einai antiqeth sthn apografh, alla pwsna yparjei endeijh "Dikastikoi h Kratikoi Leitoyrgoi".

    Eidikotera, anaferei: "Me aformh to qema poy dhmioyrghqhke, anaforika me thn apografh twn dikastikwn leitoyrgwn, epiqymoyme na sas gnwrisoyme ta akoloyqa: Oi dikastikoi leitoyrgoi den eimaste antiqetoi me thn apografh ayth kaq' ayth. Zhtoyme, omws, na apografoyme me thn idiothta poy ek toy Syntagmatos exoyme, htoi ws kratikoi leitoyrgoi kai oxi ws dhmosioi ypallhloi.

    Pros toyto zhthsame, kat' epanalhch, graptws kai proforikws apo ta synarmodia ypoyrgeia Eswterikwn kai Oikonomikwn na symplhrwqei to sxetiko pedio ths hlektronikhs apografhs kai me thn endeijh: Dikastikoi h Kratikoi Leitoyrgoi, aithma poy mexri shmera den egine apodekto.

    Elpizoyme oti h elleich ayth qa taktopoihqei syntoma kai h apografh na diejaxqei omala.

    Ejakoloyqoyme, omws, na exoyme thn aporia gia poio logo exoyn ejaireqei ths ypoxrewtikhs apografhs oi foreis twn allwn dyo leitoyrgiwn toy Kratoys (boyleytes, ypoyrgoi, k.lp.)".

    H hlektronikh apografh toy proswpikoy toy Dhmosioy, twn Nomikwn Proswpwn Dhmosioy Dikaioy kai twn Organismwn Topikhs Aytodioikhshs jekinhse xqes kai qa oloklhrwqei stis 23 Ioylioy, prokeimenoy amesws meta na arxisei h katabolh twn misqwn apokleistika apo thn Eniaia Arxh Plhrwmwn mesw trapezikwn logariasmwn.

    Wstoso, h leitoyrgia ths istoselidas www.apografi.gov.gr paroysiase problhmata apokrishs kai kaqysterhseis.

    Ypallhloi, poy epidiwjan th symplhrwsh ths sxetikhs formas sthn parapanw istoselida, dyskoleythkan na mpoyn sto systhma, logw yperfortwshs toy diktyoy apo toys xrhstes.

    Argotera, apokatastaqhke to problhma kai symfwna me phges toy ypoyrgeioy Eswterikwn, h apografh ejelissetai omala, apografontai gyrw stoys 12.000 ypallhloys thn wra. Mexri kai xqes to apogeyma eixan apografei peripoy 100.000 atoma.

    H apografh proswpikoy toy Dhmosioy, twn Nomikwn Proswpwn Dhmosioy Dikaioy kai twn Organismwn Topikhs Aytodioikhshs A' kai B' baqmoy kai h systash Eniaias Arxhs Plhrwmhs (E.A.P.) apofasisthke me Koinh Ypoyrgikh Apofash toy Ypoyrgoy Eswterikwn, Apokentrwshs kai Hlektronikhs Diakybernhshs, Giannh Ragkoysh kai toy Ypoyrgoy Oikonomikwn, Giwrgoy Papakwnstantinoy.

    H apografh olwn twn dhmosiwn ypallhlwn, qa syndyastei me th dhmioyrgia Eniaias Arxhs Plhrwmhs, parexontas thn amesh dynatothta parakoloyqhshs analytikwn kai sygkentrwtikwn stoixeiwn misqodosias, me stoxo thn aplopoihsh twn diadikasiwn katabolhs amoibwn toy Dhmosioy.

    Me thn koinh ypoyrgikh apofash kaqorizontai oi oroi, oi proypoqeseis kai h diadikasia ths apografhs.

    Oloi oi ypoxreoi qa prepei na symplhrwsoyn thn hlektronikh selida apografhs. Ta dedomena sygkentrwnontai sth Genikh Grammateia Plhroforiakwn Systhmatwn toy Ypoyrgeioy Oikonomikwn, enw h diastayrwsh twn stoixeiwn qa ginei kai me toys asfalistikoys foreis, gia logoys ajiopistias ths taytopoihshs. Kata thn diadikasia diastayrwshs stoixeiwn, apodidetai monadikos Eniaios Kwdikos Misqodosias Dhmosioy (E.K.M.DH.) se kaqe dhmosio ypallhlo, toy opoioy ta stoixeia exoyn diastayrwqei. Se kaqe proswpo poy proslambanetai h diorizetai apo opoiondhpote forea Dhmosioy xorhgeitai sto ejhs E.K.M.DH..

    Parallhla problepetai h systash ths Eniaias Arxhs Plhrwmwn, sth Genikh Grammateia Dhmosionomikhs Politikhs/Geniko Logisthrio toy Kratoys. Apostolh ths E.A.P. einai h plhrwmh, mesw trapezikoy logariasmoy, twn pashs fysews apodoxwn, prosqetwn amoibwn, , apozhmiwsewn toy proswpikoy toy Dhmosioy, N.P.D.D., O.T.A. kai twn fysikwn proswpwn, poy apasxoloyntai me symbash misqwshs ergoy.

    Meta tis hmeromhnies enarjhs katabolhs apodoxwn kai loipwn amoibwn apo thn E.A.P., apagoreyetai kai einai apolytws akyrh h katabolh me diaforetiko tropo twn pashs fysews apodoxwn kai loipwn amoibwn toy proswpikoy.

    Oloi oi foreis, twn opoiwn h misqodosia barynei ton kratiko Proypologismo, einai ypoxrewmenoi na entajoyn tis pashs fysews amoibes poy empiptoyn sthn armodiothta ths E.A.P. mexri thn 31h Aygoystoy 2010 (gia O.T.A. kai N.P.D.D. mexri 31 Dekembrioy 2010).

    Oles oi parathrhseis ths Arxhs Prostasias Dedomenwn Proswpikoy Xarakthra exoyn lhfqei ypoch, sxetika me thn apografh twn dhmosiwn ypallhlwn, tonizei to Ypoyrgeio Eswterikwn.

    Opws anaferetai apo to ypoyrgeio, sxetika me thn apofash 43/2010 ths anejarthths arxhs ``exoyn lhfqei ypoch oles oi parathrhseis ths kai ta stoixeia, ta opoia syllegontai kata thn apografh, einai symfwna me ayta poy epitrepei h Arxh Prostasias Dedomenwn Proswpikoy Xarakthra''.

    Perissoteres plhrofories gia thn diadikasia ths apografhs msqodotoymenwn apo to Dhmosio dinontai ston diktyako topo http://apografi.gov.gr/.

    [04] Odoiporiko sthn polyfyletikh, alla pamftwxh Aiqiopia

    Sthn arxh akoys to kelahdisma ejwtikwn poyliwn. Periergoi hxoi, kaqhlwtikoi. Meta niwqeis dysforia apo to ycometro.

    Exoyme molis prosgeiwqei sto aerodromio ths Antis Ampempa, sta 2.500 metra, meta apo polywrh anamonh sto aerodromio toy Kairoy. Oi ypallhloi toy telwneioy ths Antis den mas epitrepoyn na baloyme sth xwra th farmakeytikh bohqeia poy metaferoyme apo thn Aqhna. Isws antimetwpizoyn me kaxypocia thn anqrwpistikh bohqeia mh kybernhtikwn organwsewn h kai genikotera, thn elehmosynh toy "politismenoy kosmoy".

    Einai jhmerwmata, 17 Ioynioy 2010 kai proorismos mas einai ta baqh ths xwras poy to epishmo hmerologio ths deixnei oktw xronia pisw.

    H omada 25 Ellhnwn foithtwn, giatrwn kai kaqhghtwn exei jekinhsei apo thn Aqhna, me epikefalhs ton anaplhrwth kaqhghth xeiroyrgikhs kai "Giatro toy Kosmoy", Qeofilo Rozenmpergk, gia ta notia ths Aiqiopias, sthn polh Girgka Alem (Yirga Alem), ths perifereias Sintamo(Sidamo).

    Skopos toy tajidioy, to seminario gia "Apotelesmatikes praktikes sthn Pagkosmia Ygeia", sto plaisio toy metaptyxiakoy "Dieqnhs Iatrikh - Diaxeirish Krisewn Ygeias", poy diejagei edw kai tria xronia h Iatrikh Sxolh ths Aqhnas kai mia prwth epafh twn Ellhnwn foithtwn me thn "tropikh" iatrikh, toys Aiqiopes giatroys kai th leitoyrgia enos nosokomeioy, katw apo th Saxara. Prohgoymeno tajidi aytoy toy metaptyxiakoy eixe pragmatopoihqei sthn Tanzania.

    Stoibazomaste se ena mikro lewforeio, me tis balitses sthn orofh, skepasmenes me moysama gia th broxh kai ta mpitonia petrelaioy gia to tajidi. Einai periodos broxwn sthn Aiqiopia ews ton Septembrio kai h ygrasia ayth thn epoxh, einai baria ston Tropiko toy Karkinoy.

    Apo to pykno skotadi, pername taxytata sto fws ths hmeras. Misokoimismenoi kai parazalismenoi, diasxizoyme ateleiwta xiliometra. Sthn poreia toy tajidioy anakalypteis oti sthn Aiqiopia den exoyn shmasia ta xiliometra, alla oi wres poy apaitoyntai gia na metakinhqeis apo to ena meros sto allo. Kai telika oyte kan aytes, giati endexetai ta empodia na einai anyperblhta : ta potamia na exoyn jexeilisei, oi laspwmenoi dromoi na einai adiabatoi, h skonh na pnigei ta panta, oi agelades stoys dromoys na mhn metakinoyntai kai fysika, na exei xalasei to aytokinhto...

    Pername thn Sasemene (Shashemene), opoy kai h jakoysth koinothta twn Rastafarianwn, poy epestrecan apo thn Tzamaika sthn "eyloghmenh anejarthth afrikanikh gh toys". Diasxizoyme thn Aoyasa (Awasa), prwteyoysa ths perifereias Sintamo kai synexizoyme na katebainoyme klimakwta ta ycipeda ths Aiqiopias, se ena enallassomeno topio apo panychla kataprasina boyna, limnes, oropedia, kallierghmenoys kampoys kai sabana, gia na ftasoyme ston proorismo mas, to Girgka Alem, se ycometro 1500 metrwn.

    Ateleiwtes fyteies kafe, kalampokioy kai ceydompananias. Oi anqrwpoi edw kalliergoyn ta mikra toys xwrafia, me jylina arotra, diaqetoyn panarxaia ergaleia, den yparxei ixnos trakter h allhs mhxanhs. Kai einai edw, sta xiliadwn xiliometrwn rhjigenh hfaisteia ths Koiladas toy Megaloy Rhgmatos (Rift Valley), - Aiqiopia, Kenya, Tanzania -, poy oi palaiontologoi anakalyptoyn ta prwta bhmata ths anqrwpothtas, to gynaikeio skeleto 3,5 ek. xronwn, thn Loysi. Etsi thn baftise h omada poy thn anakalyce giati htan h epoxh poy olos o kosmos akoyge Beatles kai to tragoydi toys "Lucy in the sky with diamonds".

    Sth diadromh diastayrwnomaste me dyo tzip twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn. Parakatw me ena sarabaliasmeno Toyota, poy to odhgei kapoios ntopios. Aporei kaneis poy qa brei synergeio an stamathsei sth mesh toy poyqena.

    Ston kentriko dromo toy Girgka Alem , - ypoleimma ths braxybias italikhs katakthshs - o odhgos synexizei na kornarei, opws allwste kai se oloklhrh th diadromh, proeidopoiwntas ta gaidoyria, tis katsikes, tis agelades kai toys anqrwpoys poy proxwroyn amerimna.

    H polh orioqeteitai me dromoys apo pathmeno kokkino xwma. Ta spitia, xwmatina ki ayta, me tsigkinh stegh poy "brazei" ton perissotero kairo. Mia ateleiwth paragkoypolh, opws olh h Afrikh, einai to oneiro oswn menoyn akoma se paradosiakes stroggyles "tokoyl", apo kalami. Sto hmifws pantws oloi - giati h paroxh hlektrikoy sta "spitia" spanizei ki opoy yparxei, syxna peftei h tash.

    Kapoioi masane fylla "kat". Parathrw ena paidi, poy dagkwnei thn akrh enos jyloy kai se ligo exei ftiajei boyrtsa gia ta dontia toy. Se klasma deyteroleptoy emfanizetai ena smhnos apo paidia, me kitrina mpitonia, etoima na ta gemisoyn me nero. Mas perikyklwnoyn kai mesa sto boyhto, mas dinoyn to xeri xamogelasta. Mas akoloyqoyn pantoy sto dromo, sta monopatia, sta boyna.

    Anelpisth ekplhjh h diamonh mas sthn Aregash lodge, toy ellhno-aiqiopikhs katagwghs, Grhgorh Misahlidh. Pane ejh xronia poy syntajiodothqhke kai epestrece apo thn Antis Ampempa, sta kthmata poy klhronomhse apo th mhtera toy.

    Mazi me thn italo-aiqiopida gynaika toy, th Marika, leitoyrgoyn ypodeigmatika thn jenodoxeiakh epixeirhsh toys, apo paradosiakes tokoyl, eyrwpaikwn prodiagrafwn sto eswteriko toys. To proswpiko einai ntopioi agrotes poy zoyn sta kthmata mesa sthn pyknh blasthsh toy tropikoy dasoys, opoy basileyoyn yaines, gatopardoi, mpampoyinoi, petaloydes, gypes, fidia kai ekatontades eidh entomwn.

    Prospaqoyme na apokwdikopoihsoyme to politismiko ainigma ths Aiqiopias. Enas plhqysmos 86 ekatommyriwn, sthn pleiochfia toy jypolhtos, pamftwxos kai peinasmenos, zei syneidhta perhfanos gia thn anejarthsia toy. Mia xwra, h monh afrikanikh xwra poy den apoikiopoihqhke, enantiwqhke stoys Italoys katakthtes, ezhse thn aytokratoria toy Xaile Selasie, th diktatoria toy Mengkistoy, polemhse gia ta synora ths me thn Eryqraia, exei prwqypoyrgo ton Meles Zenaoyi me pleiochfia 99%! kai terasties anagkes se ola ta epipeda, prospaqwntas na sthsei ypodomes.

    H polyfyletikh Hnwmenh Omospondiakh Dhmokratia ths Aiqiopias, sygkentrwnei panw apo 86 diaforetikes eqnotikes omades me perissoteres apo 200 dialektoys. An kai h "epishmh" glwssa einai ta amxarika, kaqe omospondia diathrei to dikaiwma ths na xrhsimopoiei th glwssa ths. Kai fysika th qrhskeia ths, kata paradosh orqodojh xristianikh koptikh, (monofysites). Akoloyqoyn oi moysoylmanoi kai oi animistes. Opote glwsses kai qrhskeies dhmioyrgoyn mia Babel, edraiwmenh sto Keras ths Anatolikhs Afrikhs.

    Xwma pathmeno, moyskemeno pantoy. Dyskola mporeis na pisteceis oti se periodo jhrasias nekrwnoyn ta panta. Anqrwpoi kai zwa.

    H pasteriwsh, opws kai ta cygeia einai agnwsta. Gi ayto kai h pagwmenh koka kola ths diafhmishs stis poleis, fantazei ejwtikh stoys Aiqiopes.

    Oxi omws kai oi tropikes asqeneies. H gnwsh kai h katapolemhsh toys einai o basikos skopos toy tajidioy mas. Mas akoloyqoyn pantoy. Apo thn Aqhna "qwrakisthkame" me to embolio toy kitrinoy pyretoy kai jekinhsame ta xapia ths elonosias.

    Elonosia, AIDS fymatiwsh, tyfos, ypositismos. H kolasmenh klhronomia ths Afrikhs.

    Oi episkeceis sto nosokomeio toy Girgka Alem arxisan thn epomenh ths afijhs mas kai eginan h kaqhmerinothta twn Ellhnwn foithtwn kai kaqhghtwn gia ena dekahmero. Oi Ellhnes foithtes paroysiazoyn sta agglika stoys Aiqiopes giatroys peristatika poy exoyn ejetasei thn prohgoymenh kai antistrofa symbainei me toys Aiqiopes synadelfoys toys

    Prokeitai gia to monadiko megalo kratiko nosokomeio ths perifereias toy Sintamo. Idryqhke to 1975 apo dwrea Norbhgwn kai kalyptei plhqysmo 3,2 ek. katoikwn! Krebatia 230, eidikeymenoi giatroi 7!

    Synolika, mazi me 14 genikoys giatroys, 75 noshleytes, alles eidikothtes kai toys dioikhtikoys, to proswpiko toy nosokomeioy einai 250 ypallhloi.

    Oi synqhkes toy nosokomeioy gia ena Dytiko, thn prwth fora, moiazoyn epieikws apisteytes. Pws organwnetai to xaos;

    Ena megalo ktiriako sygkrothma kalhs kataskeyhs, alla asynthrhto, me omologoymenws kalodiathrhmenh bitrina, toys khpoys toy dhladh, xarakthrizetai apo elaxistes synqhkes ygieinhs kai antishcias sta epimeroys tmhmata toy,- xeiroyrgiko, paidiatriko, paqologiko, orqopediko, gynaikologiko.

    Oi oroi paraskeyazontai apo to idio to nosokomeio se gyalina mpoykalia, den yparxoyn analwsima ylika ( gazes, kaqethres, syrigges), oyte mhxanhmata. Oi paraklinikes ejetaseis idiaitera periorismenes.

    Oyte logos gia asqenofora, oso gia foreia mesa sto nosokomeio einai elaxista ki ayta talaipwrhmena. Kapoies katsikes kykloforoyn eleyqeres kai h pio "qarralea" mpainobgainei sto xeiroyrgeio.

    Ajioprosektos o symboyleytikos staqmos toy HIV. Mhteres me mwra- foreis toy AIDS, dianyoyn synhqws polla xiliometra gia na ftasoyn sto kaqorismeno ranteboy toys, makria apo ta adiakrita blemmata twn geitonwn, eite gia thn prwth ejetash, eite gia th syntagografhsh toy farmakoy, poy xorhgeitai dwrean apo ton Pagkosmio Organismo Ygeias kai einai antigrafo farmakoy, proerxomeno apo thn India.

    Polloi oi asqeneis, roytina ta baria peristatika. Paidia ypositismena, polla egkataleimmena apo toys goneis toys ekei gia mhnes, opws o 12xronos Tewodros (Qeodwros), me paramorfwmeno kai akinhtopoihmeno to aristero toy xeri apo hlektroplhjia, otan prospaqhse na trabhjei thn paroxh sto spiti toy.

    Apagohteymenos htan kai o kaqhghths Rozenmpergk otan xeiroyrghse to xeri toy mikroy, gnwrizontas ek twn proterwn oti sth diarkeia ths anaptyjhs toy paidioy qa xreiastoyn pollaples plastikes epembaseis kai fysikoqerapeia. Edw yparxei mono enas fysikoqerapeyths kai h qerapeia kostizei.

    Episkeceis stoys qalamoys. Akinhtes mazes oi asqeneis gia meres, krebatia xwris sentonia panw se moysama gia na kaqarizontai pio eykola. Aforhth myrwdia, ateleiwtes oyres gia syntagografhsh twn farmakwn. Oi asqeneis perimenoyn ypomonetika th seira toys.

    H katastash einai, opws diapistwnete, poly idiaiterh, mas lene oi Aiqiopes giatroi, oi opoioi diaqetoyn megalh klinikh empeiria me to plhqos twn peristatikwn poy exoyn antimetwpisei. Askoyn thn iatrikh me kaqe meso kai eysyneidhsia, exontas epignwsh twn anagkwn toys. Mallon einai apo stofa hrwwn osoi menoyn sth xwra. Polloi, thn egkataleipoyn anazhtwntas mia kalyterh tyxh sto ejwteriko.

    O Ellhnas kaqhghths, kat' apaithsh twn Aiqiopwn synadelfwn toy, analyei to megalo problhma ths dialoghs asqenwn(triage), oros poy kaqierwqhke ston A'Pagkosmio Polemo kai afora thn proteraiothta twn peristatikwn se epeigoyses katastaseis.

    Aytes tis hmeres prokyptei qema me thn eisagwgh kratoymenwn sto nosokomeio, apo tis fylakes ths polhs. O kaqhghths Rozenmpergk antidra sth qea toy alysodemenoy kratoymenoy sto nosokomeiako krebati. Thn epomenh, h dioikhsh toy nosokomeioy ton metaferei se eidiko dwmatio, xwris alysides, me froyrhsh.

    H antallagh empeiriwn anamesa stoys Ellhnes kai toys Aiqiopes htan gonimh kai apokalyptikh .

    O titlos toy seminarioy ths ellhnikhs omadas, pyknos apo nohmata: "Hands on global health" - Apotelesmatikes praktikes sthn pagkosmia ygeia.

    Hamlin Fistula Ethiopia (Kentro syriggiwn Xamlin sthn Aiqiopia). Enas jexwristos aqlos

    Gynaikeies kormostasies kinoyntai me th gohteia ailoyroeidoys. Krania apisteyta, poy qa oneireyotan kaqe glypths. Ebenina mallia xtenismena me peritexnes kotsides se kotsoys, proswpa smilemena me lepta, eyrwpaika xarakthristika. Epanw sta panemorfa kefalia toys aytes oi panajies kai gennaies gynaikes, koybaloyn fortia pollwn kilwn.

    Mazi me ta paidia einai ta prwta qymata asqeneiwn, kakopoihshs kai qanatwn.

    Gia tis gynaikes ta teleytaia xronia epiteleitai ena spoydaio ergo se eji poleis ths Aiqiopias, se kentra poy idryse h Aystralh gynaikologos, Kaqrin Xamlin. To kentro Hamlin Fistula, sto Girgka Alem, brisketai sthn proektash toy nosokomeioy.

    Einai h qerapeia kolpo-oyrhqrikwn kai pio spania orqo-kolpikwn syriggiwn, poy anaptyssoyn oi gynaikes logw dyskolwn toketwn h biaiwn traymatismwn ths gennhtikhs perioxhs h kai kataloipwn toy teletoyrgikoy akrwthriasmoy twn gennhtikwn organwn poy yfistantai ta mikra koritsia apo ta ejh toys xronia. Praktikh poy apagoreyetai pia me nomo, alla ejakoloyqei se kapoies perioxes ths Afrikhs na efarmozetai, merikws h oloklhrwtika.

    Symplhrwmatika ths qerapeias toys sta kentra Fistula, oi gynaikes, nees kopeles sthn pleiochfia toys, meta th xeiroyrgikh epembash yposthrizontai cyxologika, enhmerwnontai gia to problhma toys, ekpaideyontai se xeirotexnhmata, bohqoyntai apo eidikeymeno proswpiko na anaptyjoyn mia diaforetikh nootropia gia tis ikanothtes toys, to swma toys kai ta anafaireta gynaikeia dikaiwmata toys, prin epistrecoyn sta xwria kai stoys andres toys poy synhqws, tis exoyn egkataleicei.

    Meta apo deka hmeres sto Girgka Alem, metakinoymaste notiotera, mesa apo eyforoys kampoys kai ateleiwta xwria sto Armpa Mints (Arba Minch), staqmo gia osoys katebainoyn akoma pio notia thn koilada toy Omo, ekei opoy zoyn polles eqnothtes me paradoseis xilietias.

    Sto Armpa Mints, aplwnontai oi panemorfes limnes Ampagia (Abaya) kai Tsamo (Chamo). To oikosysthma ypogrammizei to synexh polemo twn fytwn, twn zwwn, toy anqrwpoy me th fysh. Apodeijh h limnh Tsamo, poy thn diasxizoyme me kommenh thn anasa. Gigantioi krokodeiloi kai ippopotamoi perikyklwnoyn tis barkes. Se ena shmeio ths limnhs brisketai kai to kratiko ektrofeio krokodeilwn, prin katalhjoyn se ...dermatina eidh. To brady akoygontai oi anastatwtikoi hxoi twn zwwn apo to eqniko parko toy Nekisar (Nechisar).

    Se ayto to periballon, h omilia toy anaplhrwth kaqhghth anqrwpologias Qeodwroy Pitsioy, stoys foithtes, gia thn ejeliktikh qewria toy Darbinoy, ginetai akoma pio synarpastikh.

    To megalo tajidi ths epistrofhs jekinhse me ta tzip, 10 wres odhghshs ws thn Antis Ampempa. Mas dejiwqhke o Ellhnas presbhs Mixalhs Daratzikhs, sth lesxh ths ellhnikhs koinothtas, ton "Olympiako", mazi me ton proedro ths koinothtas, Giwrgo Stayroy kai to dioikhtiko symboylio. Oi Ellhnes poy exoyn apomeinei sthn Aiqiopia einai peripoy 500. Eqimotypikh episkech kai sthn Afrikanikh Enwsh.

    Telika h farmakeytikh bohqeia, ystera apo diadikasies hmerwn, eftase sto nosokomeio toy Girgka 'Alem. Einai gennaiodwrh prosfora twn Giatrwn toy Kosmoy, se synergasia me to metaptyxiako ths Iatrikhs Sxolhs Aqhnwn "Dieqnhs Iatrikh - Diaxeirish Krisewn Ygeias".

    Fylakas aggelos mas se olo to tajidi, o giatros Zelalem Tesfagie, apo thn Antis Ampempa.

    Ftanoyme sthn Aqhna. To myalo kai h kardia mas prospaqei na epejergastei thn empeiria ths Aiqiopias kai idiaitera ths perifereias Sintamo, opoy oi Dytikoi isws qa mporoysame na anakalycoyme thn ennoia ths tapeinofrosynhs.

    Keimeno: Natassa Domnakh

    -

    [05] Alles tesseris ypo epithrhsh

    H EE jekinhse shmera diadikasies yperbolikoy elleimmatos se baros allwn tessarwn xwrwn melwn ths, ths Kyproy, ths Danias, ths Finlandias kai ths Boylgarias, ayjanontas etsi se 24 to synoliko ariqmo twn kratwn se baros twn opoiwn exei jekinhsei h diadikasia ayth.

    "Oi diadikasies jekinhsan gia th Boylgaria, thn Kypro, th Dania kai th Finlandia" sth diarkeia synodoy twn ypoyrgwn Oikonomikwn stis Bryjelles, dhlwse eyrwpaikh phgh.

    H Eyrwpaikh Epitroph eixe probei se systaseis pros ayth thn kateyqynsh.

    Aytes oi tesseris xwres prostiqentai ston katalogo twn 20 xwrwn se baros twn opoiwn exoyn hdh jekinhsei diadikasies yperbolikoy elleimmatos. Mono to Loyjemboyrgo sth zwnh toy eyrw kai h Soyhdia kai h Esqonia ektos ths eyrwzwnhs, ejakoloyqoyn na diafeygoyn twn diadikasiwn aytwn.

    Oi diadikasies gia yperboliko elleimma exoyn stoxo xwres poy to dhmosionomiko toys elleimma yperbainei to orio toy 3% toy AEP, poy problepetai apo to eyrwpaiko symfwno staqerothtas.

    Kypros: Dhmosionomikh "trypa" 1 dis. eyrw

    Xwris oysiastikes lyseis gia thn kalych ths megalhs dhmosionomikhs "trypas" toy 1 dis. eyrw, menei, symfwna me thn oikonomikh istoselida "Stockwatch", h kypriakh kybernhsh, epeita apo epta sxedon mhnes prospaqeiwn gia dhmosionomikh ejygiansh.

    H aporrich thn perasmenh ebdomada twn dyo forologikwn nomosxediwn, apo th syntriptikh pleiochfia twn politikwn dynamewn, anace "fwtia" sto politiko skhniko, me toys politikoys arxhgoys na antallassoyn "pyra" se chloys tonoys.

    Oi ychlhs entashs antegklhseis epaneferan sthn epifaneia tis sobares diafwnies poy yparxoyn gia th diaxeirish ths oikonomias, xwris omws na prosdiorizoyn tis piqanes lyseis sto xronio dhmosionomiko problhma poy exei dhmioyrghqei.

    Apo ta dyo nomosxedia poy aporrifqhkan, h kybernhsh Xristofia hlpize na eisprajei gyrw sta 90 ekat. eyrw h 0,7% ethsiws kai na peisei toys pistwtes ths oti kataballei sobares prospaqeies ejygianshs.

    Apo to nomosxedio gia tis paroxes, toy opoioy h syzhthsh anablhqhke gia ton Oktwbrio, prosdokoyse ejoikonomhseis 30 ekat. eyrw. Ta nomosxedia gia th forodiafygh kai gia thn poleodomikh amnhstia - twn opoiwn h chfish epishs metateqhke gia to telos toy xronoy - qa proseqetan alla 34 ekat. eyrw ston kratiko korbana, ethsiws.

    Synolika, ta metra qa periorizan to elleimma kata 1% toy AEP ethsiws.

    H aporrich kai h anabolh twn pente nomosxediwn strefei pleon thn prosoxh ths kybernhshs se ligotero filodoja metra, poy den xreiazontai thn egkrish ths Boylhs kai poy einai pio wrima gia yioqethsh.

    Sta anwtata klimakia ths kybernhshs ginetai logos gia "epiqetikes meiwseis" stis leitoyrgikes dapanes kai sto kratiko misqologio.

    Ta stoixeia pentamhnoy, poy deixnoyn pws to elleimma perioristhke sto 1,26% toy AEP anti 1,84% poy htan persi, dhmioyrgoyn prosdokies sto oikonomiko epiteleio ths kybernhshs, oti to fetino elleimma qa diathrhqei konta sto 6% toy AEP h sto 1 dis. eyrw, oso htan kai persi.

    Ta stoixeia toy ypoyrgeioy Oikonomikwn, omws, paroysiazontai se xrhmatikh bash (cash basis), afhnontas periqwrio shmantikhs ayjhshs toy elleimmatos mexri to telos toy etoys, se periptwsh poy diapistwqei oti to prwto pentamhno proekycan kaqysterhseis plhrwmwn h proeisprajeis ofeilwn.

    Sta epishma stoixeia, ayta ths Statistikhs Yphresias Kyproy (Cystat), h eikona einai diaforetikh apo ayth poy paroysiazei to ypoyrgeio. Oi dapanes gia endiamesh katanalwsh meiwqhkan sta 97 ekat. eyrw to prwto trimhno, kata molis 5 ekat. eyrw se sygkrish me to prwto trimhno toy 2009. To ypoyrgeio yposthrizei oti oi leitoyrgikes dapanes meiwnontai kata 80 ekat. eyrw.

    Epishs, oi dapanes proswpikoy ayjhqhkan sta 633 ekat. eyrw enanti 591 ekat. eyrw thn antistoixh persinh periodo, paroysiazontas ayjhsh 7,2%. To ypoyrgeio yposthrizei oti periorise thn ayjhsh sto 1%.

    H diafainomenh meiwsh toy elleimmatos toys prwtoys mhnes toy 2010 ofeiletai kyriws sta aprosdokhta megala kerdh poy kategrace h Kentrikh Trapeza kai poy perase sta biblia ths h kybernhsh to Martio. H ayjhsh ayth fainetai sta mh forologika esoda toy kratoys, poy beltiwqhkan kata 77 ekat. eyrw peripoy.

    H oriakh beltiwsh ths dhmosionomikhs katastashs ofeiletai, epishs, stoys meiwmenoys tokoys poy plhrwnei fetos to kratos gia ejyphrethsh toy dhmosioy xreoys. H meiwsh twn epitokiwn dieqnws eynohse thn Kypro, poy katebale toys prwtoys mhnes toy 2010 gyrw sta 40 ekat. eyrw ligotera gia ejyphrethsh toy xreoys.

    Oi dyo aytoi paragontes endexetai na antistaqmisoyn thn ayjhsh toy kratikoy misqologioy, diathrwntas to elleimma sta persina epipeda.

    Se syndyasmo me ta ayjhmena esoda apo ta kaysima - poy ypologizontai sta 35 ekat. eyrw gia to 2010 kai 65 ekat. eyrw ethsiws - h kybernhsh elpizei, malista, oti qa paroysiastei oriakh beltiwsh toy dhmosionomikoy elleimmatos.

    Gia ta epomena xronia, to oikonomiko epiteleio ths kybernhshs pontarei se anastrofh toy oikonomikoy klimatos kai se anakamch ths oikonomias.

    "An epibebaiwqoyn osoi blepoyn stadiakh beltiwsh ths oikonomias ta epomena xronia, yparxei h prosdokia oti ta kratika esoda qa ayjanontai me taxeis ryqmoys, kalyptontas to anoigma ston kratiko korbana kai periorizontas 'aytomata' to elleimma, xwris na xreiastoyn epwdyna metra", shmeiwnetai sthn analysh ths "Stockwatch".

    -

    [06] Afhse th qesh toy tamia

    O Gallos ypoyrgos Ergasias, Erik Bert, o opoios breqhke sto epikentro toy skandaloy me tis paranomes xorhgies sto kybernwn komma, paraithqhke shmera apo th qesh toy tamia toy kybernwntos kentrodejioy kommatos UMP, symfwna me phges poy proskeintai se ayton.

    O Proedros Nikola Sarkozi, o opoios epixeirei na ektonwsei thn katastash, poy exei klonisei th dhmosia eikona toy, dhlwse xqes Deytera se thleoptikh toy synenteyjh oti proteine ston Bert na paraithqei apo tamias toy kommatos kai na epikentrwqei apokleistika sto rolo toy sto ypoyrgeio kai th metarryqmish toy syntajiodotikoy systhmatos poy exei analabei.

    O Nikola Sarkozi ejefrase thn yposthrijh toy ston ypoyrgo Ergasias kai yposxeqhke na analabei drash kata twn allhlosygkroyomenwn symferontwn, poy apoteloyn thn aparxh ths ypoqeshs.

    ``O Erik Bert einai enas entimos kai ikanos andras, poy exei olh moy thn empistosynh, kaqws kai ayths toy prwqypoyrgoy Fransoya Figion. Einai o anqrwpos poy qa yperaspisqei thn toso aparaithth metarryqmish toy syntajiodotikoy'', aixmh toy doratos sto deytero kommati ths proedrias, tonise o Sarkozi sto thleoptiko diktyo Frans 2, sthn prwth toy parembash meta thn ekrhjh toy skandaloy.

    O Bert kathgoreitai gia sygkroysh symferontwn, kyriws se oikonomiko epipedo, kai deytereyontws gia apodoxh paranomhs politikhs xrhmatodothshs, sta plaisia ths polyptyxhs ypoqeshs poy emplekei thn Lilian Mpetankoyr, thn ploysiwterh gynaika ths Gallias kai klhronomoy toy giganta kosmhtikhs Lb Oreal.

    Gia na antimetwpisei sto mellon th sygkroysh symferontwn, o Sarkozi dhlwse pws qa systhsei epitroph, sthn opoia qa symmetasxoyn ola ta politika kommata, prokeimenoy na katateqoyn oi diafores protaseis.

    O Sarkozi epishs dhlwse pws einai ``ntroph'' na ton paroysiazoyn ws kapoion poy ``mazeye fakelakia'' me xrhmata apo th Mpetankoyr, opws diateinetai h prwhn logistria ths.

    O Sarkozi dhlwse pws h Gallia ``den einai diefqarmenh xwra'' kai tonise pws anasxhmatismos qa yparjei ton Oktwbrio, epeita apo thn chfish ths metarryqmishs toy kaqestwtos twn syntajewn.

    ``Qa yparjei mia nea epoxh sthn politikh zwh epeita apo th metarryqmish toy syntajiodotikoy'', tonise kai prosqese pws osoi yposthrizoyn thn idea mias ``oligariqmhs'' kybernhtikhs omadas exoyn dikaio.

    H parembash toy Sarkozi pragmatopoihqhke meta th dhmosieysh ths dioikhtikhs ekqeshs gia th diaxeirish toy forologikoy fakelloy ths Mpetankoyr, symfwna me thn opoia o Bert den sygkalyce piqanes atasqalies thn epoxh poy htan ypoyrgos proypologismoy apo to 2007 ews ton Martio toy 2010.

    Ereynes sta spitia ths Mpetankoyr

    H gallikh astynomia ereynhse ta spitia ths ploysioterhs gynaikas ths xwras Lilian Mpetankoyr kai toy stenoy filoy ths fwtografoy Fransoya-Mari Mpanie anazhtwntas stoixeia gia to oikonomiko skandalo poy exei tarakoynhsei olh th Gallia kai exei aggijei safws kai to synthrhtiko komma toy proedroy ths Gallias, Nikola Sarkozi.

    Oi epidromes sta dyo spitia eginan gia na breqoyn stoixeia gia ta panakriba dwra, ajias panw apo ena disekatommyrio eyrw, poy legetai oti moiraze xwris idiaiterh skech h klhronomos ths gigantias etaireias kallyntikwn, Oreal.

    Mia prwhn logistria ths k. Mpetankoyr kataggeile oti h polyekatommyrioyxos kai o prwhn syzygos ths exoyn dwsei polla paranoma xrhmata se synthrhtikoys politikoys, perilambanomenoy kai toy k. Sarkozi poy xrhmatodothqhke apo thn pamployth klhronomo gia thn proeklogikh toy ekstrateia toy 2007.


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