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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-07-29

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Elegxos stis dapanes ths koinwnikhs asfalishs
  • [02] Diejodos gia ta yperxrewmena noikokyria
  • [03] Prosfygh kata toy Mnhmonioy
  • [04] Lhgei h proqesmia gia ta kartokinhta
  • [05] Hrakleio: Entash gia ta ayqaireta
  • [06] Epikyrwsh ths topoqethshs
  • [07] To alkool bohqa ta arqritika
  • [08] Anaskafika eyrhmata

    [01] Elegxos stis dapanes ths koinwnikhs asfalishs

    Allepallhles synanthseis me ypoyrgoys ths kybernhshs, arxhs genomenhs apo ton ypoyrgo Eswterikwn, Giannh Ragkoysh, me ton opoio synanthqhkan, eixan ta melh ths troikas, poy elegxoyn thn ellhnikh oikonomia sto plaisio ylopoihshs toy mnhmonioy.

    Meta th synanthsh o k. Ragkoyshs dhlwse pws enhmerwse toys ekproswpoys ths EE, toy DNT kai ths EKT gia tis qesmikes allages poy ylopoioyntai apo to Ypoyrgeio, kaqws kai gia ta apotelesmata aytwn twn allagwn. Epishs, paroysiase kai stoixeia gia thn poreia twn ergwn poy ylopoiei to ypoyrgeio. Symfwna me to systhma parakoloyqhshs toy Ypoyrgeioy, kata meso oro h ylopoihsh anerxetai sto 65%, enw oi proypologismoi exoyn breqei sto epipedo toy 139%.

    Eidikotera, o ypoyrgos tonise oti prokeitai gia ``qesmikes allages poy eggywntai oti h ejodos ths ellhnikhs oikonomias apo th dhmosionomikh krish qa einai monimh kai oxi proswrinh. Qesmikes allages poy se telikh analysh eggywntai oti ayth th fora oi qysies toy ellhnikoy laoy qa piasoyn topo''.

    Opws dhlwse anwteros paragontas toy ypoyrgeioy Ypodomwn, teqhke kata th synanthsh, h opoia egine parontos kai toy ypoyrgoy Giwrgoy Papakwnstantinoy, teqhke to zhthma ths dhmioyrgias, mesw sygxwneysewn, dyo forewn ston klado twn sygkoinwniwn, enos staqerhs troxias poy qa perilambanei ton HSAP (hlektrikos sidhrodromos), tram kai AMEL (metro) kai enos alloy me toys HLPAP (trolei) kai thn EQEL (astika lewforeia). Symfwna me ton idio paragonta, ayth th stigmh ta elleimmata twn sygkoinwniakwn forewn (poy epibarynoyn to dhmosionomiko elleimma kai to dhmosio xreos) yperbainoyn ta 2,5 dis. eyrw (me ta 400 ekat. eyrw na aforoyn ta xreh toy Dhmosioy pros tis sygkoinwnies). Pantws, me tis sygxwneyseis, poy, metajy allwn qa stoxeyoyn se synergies kai thn trofodothsh twn grammwn toy metro basei epixeirhsiakwn kai koinwnikwn anagkwn, den qa yparjoyn apolyseis ergazomenwn, alla metatajeis proswpikoy.

    Gia ton OSE, qema poy epishs syzhthqhke me thn troika, to sxedio ejygianshs qa paroysiasqei thn Paraskeyh se texniko epipedo, enw apo ta 10 dis. eyrw poy einai to elleimma toy Organismoy, perissotera apo 7,5 dis. eyrw aforoyn se daneia gia thn anabaqmish twn ypodomwn toy. Gia ta taji, to ypoyrgeio Ypodomwn ejetazei thn organwsh toy epaggelmatos kai twn etairiwn, kaqws kai toy neoy kanonismoy poy qa efarmosqei ston klado.

    Sth synexeia, oi elegktes toy DNT, ths EE kai ths EKT metebhsan sto ypoyrgeio Amynas.

    Sth synanthsh syzhthqhkan o tropos ekteleshs toy proypologismoy toy ypoyrgeioy Eqnikhs Amynas, oi probleceis gia ta epomena oikonomika eth, h efarmogh ths isxyoysas hdh nomoqesias gia tis apodoxes twn ergazomenwn ston dhmosio kai ton eyrytero dhmosio tomea, h epanajiologhsh toy EMPAE kai oi probleceis gia tis plhrwmes kai tis paralabes ejoplistikwn programmatwn gia ta epomena xronia.

    Antikeimeno ths syzhthshs htan, epishs, to genikotero politiko kai qesmiko plaisio toy programmatos anasygkrothshs kai h sysxetish ths oikonomikhs me th stratiwtikopolitikh diastash ston xwro ths Amynas.

    Apantwntas se sxetikes erwthseis dhmosiografwn o k. Benizelos dhlwse oti h synanthsh egine se filiko klima, me dhmioyrgiko pneyma kai me plhrh katanohsh toy idiaiteroy qesmikoy roloy toy ypoyrgeioy Eqnikhs Amynas.

    H aplopoihsh twn diadikasiwn idryshs epixeirhsewn kai o neos anaptyjiakos nomos htan sto epikentro twn syzhthsewn poy eginan sthn koinh synanthsh ths ypoyrgoy Oikonomias kas L. Katselh kai toy ypoyrgoy Oikonomikwn k. G. Papakwnstantinoy me toys ekproswpoys ths troikas.

    Symfwna me armodies phges oi texnokrates apo EE, DNT kai EKT zhthsan epishs epitaxynsh ths apeleyqerwshs twn kleistwn epaggelmatwn me thn katartish nomosxedioy to opoio qa apotelei ``odhgo'' gia ola ta synarmodia ypoyrgeia poy exoyn stoys tomeis eyqynhs toys tetoia epaggelmata.

    Oi basikes ryqmiseis toy neoy anaptyjiakoy nomoy, opws egine gnwsto, qa paroysiastoyn shmera sthn armodia Epitroph ths Boylhs. Qa akoloyqhsei dhmosia diaboyleysh olo ton Aygoysto kai to nomosxedio qa chfistei apo to Bb Qerino Tmhma ths Boylhs enw oi nees diatajeis qa teqoyn se efarmogh apo 1hs Ianoyarioy.

    O nomos gia thn aplopoihsh twn diadikasiwn idryshs epixeirhsewn, opws aneferan phges toy ypoyrgeioy Oikonomias anamenetai na arxisei na paragei apotelesmata apo to fqinopwro, opote qa einai efikth h dhmioyrgia epixeirhshs se mia hmera kai me ena bhma.

    Koryfaio stelexos toy ypoyrgeioy Oikonomias anefere sto APE-MPE oti oi syzhthseis eginan se eyrytero, politiko epipedo gia ta qemata efarmoghs toy mnhmonioy kai thn poreia ths oikonomias. Eixan prohghqei syzhthseis se texnokratiko epipedo me symmetoxh twn genikwn grammatewn toy ypoyrgeioy kai twn texnokratwn apo EE, DNT kai EKT.

    Shmera ta stelexh ths troikas qa synanthqoyn me ton ypoyrgo Ergasias Andrea Loberdo, prokeimenoy na ejetasoyn ta prosdokwmena ofelh apo thn asfalistikh metarryqmish, enw anamenetai na syzhthqei kai h apokatastash ths diafaneias sta oikonomika twn asfalistikwn tameiwn.

    Me toys ekproswpoys toy DNT, ths E.E kai ths EKT eixe synanthsh sth Rhgillhs o proedros ths N.D k. Antwnhs Samaras. H synanthsh krathse ligo peripoy mia wra kai ena tetarto kai egine gnwsto, egine analytikh syzhthsh gia qemata anaptyjhs alla kai gia tis protaseis poy paroysiase prosfata sto Zappeio o Antwnhs Samaras sto sxedio ejodoy ths xwras apo thn krish.

    Parallhla, alla klimakia ths troikas (sthn Aqhna exoyn erqei synolika 30 atoma), synexizoyn tis epafes toys me yphresiaka stelexh toy Genikoy Logisthrioy toy Kratoys kai ths Trapezas ths Ellados. Thn epomenh ebdomada, h troika qa syntajei ena prosxedio me ta prwta symperasmata gia thn poreia ths ellhnikhs oikonomias. Me bash to sygkekrimeno prosxedio qa syntaxqoyn ta porismata toy DNT kai ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs kai sth synexeia, peri ta mesa Septembrioy, qa ektamieyqei h deyterh dosh, ycoys 9 dis. eyrw, toy daneioy.

    A.Loberdos gia epikoyrika tameia

    Kathgorhmatika dieceyse o ypoyrgos Ergasias Andreas Loberdos plhroforia poy eide to fws ths dhmosiothtas sxetika me to oti diapistwqhkan apo thn Troika tameiaka problhmata sta epikoyrika tameia. O k. Loberdos diabebaiwse taytoxrona oti yparxei plhrhs oikonomikh eparkeia toys gia polla akoma xronia kai den tiqetai qema perikopwn epikoyrikwn syntajewn, enw ekane logo gia epaggelmaties toy ceydoys.

    ``Kanena epikoyriko tameio apo ta tria poy episkefqhkan mexri shmera oi ekproswpoi ths Troika, den exei tameiako problhma. Diakineitai analhqestata, gia na dhmioyrghqei isws politiko zhthma oti dhqen oi ekproswpoi ths Troikas episkeptomenoi ta epikoyrika tameia diapistwsan oikonomika problhmata poy odhgoyn se perikopes epikoyrikwn syntajewn. Oyden analhqestato. To antiqeto synebh. Apo tis episkeceis ths Troika sta tria asfalistika Tameia TEADY TAHTEKO kai ETEAM diapistwqhke oti exoyne eparkeia oikonomikh gia polla polla akoma xronia. Kapoioi epaggelmaties toy ceydoys lene to antiqeto syneidhta gia na paraxqei politiko zhthma'', dhlwse xarakthristika sth Boylh o ypoyrgos Ergasias me aformh thn enhmerwsh ths armodias epitrophs toy ypo kataqesh n/s gia thn anadiamorfwsh toy SEPE.

    [02] Diejodos gia ta yperxrewmena noikokyria

    Apo 1hs Septembrioy mporoyn oi daneiolhptes poy adynatoyn na ejyphrethsoyn ta xreh toys na ypobaloyn aithseis gia ejwdikastiko symbibasmo me toys pistwtes toys, enw apo tis arxes toy 2011 qa energopoihqei h dikastikh diadikasia, sto plaisio ths opoias ta Eirhnodikeia qa krinoyn an o endiaferomenos brisketai h oxi se adynamia plhrwmhs kai qa proxwroyn se ryqmish xrewn. Ektimatai oti synolika peri tis 150.000 daneiolhptes qa qelhsoyn na entaxqoyn sto nomo peri "Ryqmishs ofeilwn yperxrewmenwn fysikwn proswpwn", poy chfisthke xqes apo th Boylh.

    Ajizei na shmeiwqei akomh oti gia diasthma 6 mhnwn apo th dhmosieysh toy nomoy, dhladh peripoy ws ta telh Ianoyarioy 2011, apagoreyontai oi pleisthriasmoi prwths katoikias gia xreh pros trapezes h pros alla fysika proswpa, efoson h ajia ths prwths katoikias den yperbainei to aforologhto orio prosayjhmeno kata 50 %. Endeiktika, to aforologhto gia agamo forologoymeno einai 200.000 eyrw, opote h antikeimenikh ajia ths katoikias gia na mh bgei se pleisthriasmo den qa prepei na jeperna tis 300.000 eyrw. Hdh me allh diatajh nomoy eixan apagoreyqei ws tis 31 Dekembrioy oi pleisthriasmoi a' katoikias gia xreh ews 200.000 eyrw pros trapezes enw me th nea ryqmish h apagoreysh epekteinetai kai se xreh metajy idiwtwn.

    Ayta prokyptoyn apo tis dhlwseis ths ypoyrgoy Oikonomias, Antagwnistikothtas kai Naytilias kas L. Katselh kai toy gen. grammatea Katanalwth k. D. Spyrakoy shmera, se synenteyjh Typoy me aformh thn chfish toy nomoy. H synenteyjh egine paroysia ekproswpwn katanalwtikwn organwsewn (KEPKA, EKPOIZW, INKA, Eqnikh Omospondia Daneiolhptwn) poy xairetisan th qespish twn newn ryqmisewn. H ka Katselh epeshmane oti o nomos antimetwpizei ena apo ta megalytera sygxrona koinwnika problhmata kai prosqese oti den apeyqynetai se oloys osoi exoyn xreh alla se ekeinoys poy exoyn apodedeigmenh adynamia na ta ejoflhsoyn. Opws anefere xarakthristika, apo to 2003 ws to 2008 h katanalwtikh pisth tetraplasiasthke, sto idio diasthma ta epixeirhmatika daneia apo 60 % toy synoloy epesan sto 48 % kai apo to 2001 ws to 2008 o logos twn katanalwtikwn daneiwn pros to synolo ths idiwtikhs katanalwshs anebhke apo to 9,8 sto 21 %. "To apotelesma, eipe h ypoyrgos, hta na dhmioyrghqei h foyska ths katanalwtikhs pisths h opoia eskase".

    To ypoyrgeio proxwra parallhla sth systash panelladikoy diktyoy prolhchs kai antimetwpishs ths yperxrewshs me symmetoxh katanalwtikwn organwsewn kai twn kata topoys Dikhgorikwn Syllogwn poy qa parasxoyn symboyles kai bohqeia pros toys daneiolhptes eite sto stadio toy filikoy diakanonismoy eite, argotera, sta Eirhnodikeia. Qa yparjei epishs eidikh thlefwnikh grammh, qa katartisqoyn ypodeigmata filikoy diakanonismoy kai aithsewn ryqmishs xrewn kai h genikh grammateia Katanalwth qa parasxei mesw Internet ena ergaleio gia thn ektimhsh ths mhniaias doshs poy qa prepei na katabalei o daneiolhpths, analoga me ta eisodhmata toy, thn perioysia toy, thn oikogeneiakh toy katastash, to kostos kalychs twn anagkwn diabiwshs, klp.

    O k. Spyrakos paroysiase ta bhmata poy apaitoyntai gia thn entajh twn daneiolhptwn stis ryqmiseis toy nomoy kai tis proypoqeseis poy prepei na plhroyntai. Analytika:

    - Sth ryqmish ypagontai fysika proswpa, katanalwtes kai epaggelmaties (me ejairesh toys emporoys), poy briskontai se apodedeigmenh monimh adynamia na ejyphrethsoyn ta xreh toys. Ypagontai epishs ola ta xreh, me ejairesh ofeiles apo adikoprajia, dioikhtika prostima, foroi kai telh pros to Dhmosio kai pros Organismoys Koinwnikhs Asfalishs.

    -H diadikasia ryqmishs twn ofeilwn diakrinetai se 4 faseis poy exoyn ws ejhs:

    A' fash, Ejwdikastikos symbibasmos: Prin thn ypobolh ths aithshs o ofeileths ypoxreoytai na kanei prospaqeia symbibasmoy me toys pistwtes h opoia apodeiknyetai me bebaiwsh toy forea poy thn exei analabei. Ton ejwdikastiko symbibasmo mporoyn na analaboyn o Synhgoros toy Katanalwth, h Epitroph Filikoy Diakanonismoy, oi Enwseis Katanalwtwn, o Mesolabhths Trapezikwn Ependytikwn Yphresiwn, Dikhgoros h allos dhmosios h idiwtikos mh kerdoskopikoy xarakthra foreas. Gia to symbibasmo qa syntassetai praktiko poy qa epikyrwnetai apo ton Eirhnodikh.

    B' Fash, Aithsh sto Eirhnodikeio: H aithsh perilambanei katastash ths perioysias kai twn eisodhmatwn ofeileth kai syzygoy, katastash me tis apaithseis twn pistwtwn, sxedio dieyqethshs twn ofeilwn, bebaiwsh gia th dienergeia toy ejwdikastikoy symbibasmoy kai ypeyqynh dhlwsh orqothtas twn dhlwqentwn stoixeiwn.

    O ofeileths mporei na zhthsei thn anastolh twn metrwn anagkastikhs ekteleshs (pleisthriasmoi klp) me asfalistika metra. Gia th xorhghsh ths arkei h piqanologhsh ths apodoxhs ths aithshs.

    G' Fash, Prospaqeia symbibasmoy enwpion toy Eirhnodikeioy: O symbibasmos mporei na epiteyxqei efoson symfwnoyn oi pistwtes me apaithseis poy yperbainoyn to 51% twn ofeilwn. Qa prepei omws ypoxrewtika na symfwnhsoyn oi pistwtes me empragmates ejasfaliseis. H diadikasia toy dikastikoy symbibasmoy exei ws ejhs:

    -Ston prwto mhna apo thn ypobolh ths aithshs epididetai to sxedio dieyqethshs stoys pistwtes.

    -Sto deytero mhna h apanthsh h protash tropopoihsewn apo pistwtes.

    -Sto prwto 15nqhmero toy tritoy mhna h ypobolh tropopoihmenoy sxedioy apo ofeileth.

    -Stis epomenes eikosi hmeres h apodoxh h mh apo pistwtes. An parelqei to diasthma xwris parathrhseis qewreitai oti o pistwths exei apodexqei to sxedio.

    D' Fash, Dikastikh ryqmish twn ofeilwn se periptwsh poy apotyxei o dikastikos symbibasmos: To Dikasthrio meta ton elegxo, efoson krinei oti den eparkoyn ta perioysiaka stoixeia kai ta eisodhmata toy gia thn apoplhrwmh twn xrewn, proxwra sth ryqmish twn ofeilwn.

    O ofeileths analambanei thn ypoxrewsh na kataballei kaqe mhna gia tessera xronia, meros toy eisodhmatos toy stoys pistwtes. To ycos twn mhniaiwn katabolwn kaqorizetai apo to dikasthrio lambanontas ypoch ta eisodhmata toy, th dynatothta syneisforas toy syzygoy, tis biotikes anagkes toy idioy kai twn prostateyomenwn melwn ths oikogeneias toy. An yparxei akinhth perioysia, to Eirhnodikeio diatassei th reystopoihsh ths gia thn ikanopoihsh twn pistwtwn, ektos apo thn kyria h monadikh katoikia toy ofeileth gia thn opoia yparxei eidikh prostasia. To ypoloipo toy xreoys (meta apo thn plhrwmh twn dosewn epi 4 xronia) diagrafetai.

    An o ofeileths den exei th dynatothta na katabalei kanena poso gia thn ejoflhsh meroys twn xrewn to dikasthrio mporei na orisei poly mikro poso h kai mhdenikh katabolh stoys pistwtes efoson px einai anergos h syntrexoyn sobara problhmata ygeias h den exei eparkes eisodhma. To dikasthrio epanejetazei meta apo 5-6 mhnes thn katastash sthn opoia brisketai o ofeileths.

    Ti isxyei gia thn prwth katoikia: O ofeileths mporei na ejairesei kai na swsei apo ton pleisthriasmo thn idiokthth kyria h monadikh katoikia toy efoson ayth den yperbainei to problepomeno orio aforologhths apokthshs prwths katoikias, prosayjhmeno kata 50%. To monadiko akinhto oikiakhs xrhshs poy diaqetei prostateyetai akomh kai an den katoikei se ayto o ofeileths.

    Proypoqesh einai na analabei o ofeileths thn ejyphrethsh xrewn poy antistoixoyn sto 85% ths emporikhs ajias ths katoikias, gia xroniko diasthma poy mporei na fqanei mexri 20 eth, me to meso epitokio enos stegastikoy daneioy. Gia paradeigma: an enas ofeileths exei katoikia ajias 100.000 eyrw, kai xreh ycoys 300.000 eyrw qa prepei na ejoflhsei to 85 % ths ajias toy spitioy, dhladh 85.000 eyrw, kai to poso poy qa orisei to dikasthrio ws mhniaia dosh epi tessera xronia. To ypoloipo toy xreoys mexri tis 300.000 eyrw diagrafetai.

    H ryqmish gia thn prwth katoikia den mporei na kataggelqei me kaqysterhsh mikroterh twn 4 dosewn.

    Ajizei epishs na shmeiwqei oti:

    -o ofeileths paramenei sth "mayrh lista" toy Teiresia gia tria xronia meta thn parodo ths tetraetias ths ryqmishs.

    -o eggyhths toy daneioy, an yparxei, den apallassetai apo thn ypoxrewsh plhrwmhs toy xreoys ektos an brisketai kai o idios se antikeimenikh adynamia plhrwmhs, opote entassetai kai aytos stis diatajeis toy nomoy.

    -h aithsh gia ejwdikastiko symbibasmo, dhladh h prwth fash ths diadikasias, prepei na exei ginei to poly eji mhnes prin thn aithsh sto Eirhnodikeio.

    [03] Prosfygh kata toy Mnhmonioy

    Katateqhke shmera sto Symboylio ths Epikrateias h prosfygh, kata toy Mnhmonioy, toy Dikhgorikoy Syllogoy, ths ADEDY, ths ESHEA kai allwn forewn.

    ``Gia mia akomh fora, tonizoyme th qesh toy DSA, oti ta koinwnika dikaiwmata se mia eynomoymenh politeia den mporei na tiqentai en amfibolw ejaitias, h ej formhs oikonomikwn sygkyriwn, oso dysxerhs ki an einai'', anefere sxetikh anakoinwsh toy Syllogoy kai shmeiwnotan: ``Th stigmh, poy h nomoqetikh kai ektelestikh ejoysia exei plhrws ekxwrhqei ston ypoyrgo Oikonomikwn kai stoys dieqneis daneistes ths troikas, o monadikos pylwnas ths dhmokratias, poy apomenei, einai h Dikaiosynh sthn opoia kai apeyqynomaste''.

    [04] Lhgei h proqesmia gia ta kartokinhta

    Proqesmia mexri ayrio exoyn oi katoxoi twn kartokinhtwn thlefwnwn na to dhlwsoyn gia na mporesoyn na synexisoyn na pragmatopoioyn kai na dexontai klhseis.

    Sygkekrimena, ayrio 30 Ioylioy lhgei h proqesmia poy eixe teqei apo to kratos na dhlwqoyn ola ta kartokinhta, sto plaisio ths sxetikhs kybernhtikhs apofashs gia megalyterh asfaleia kai na ekleicoyn ta fainomena twn thlefwnhmatwn xwris na gnwrizei kaneis ton katoxo toy thlefwnoy.

    H diadikasia taytopoihshs twn kartokinhtwn einai entelws aplh, den kostizei tipota kai apaitei liga mono lepta ths wras. Oi katoxoi twn kartokinhtwn qa prepei na proselqoyn sta ekatontades katasthmata toys, synergatwn toys kai ejoysiodothmenwn proswpwn me thn taytothta toys, h to diabathrio toys, an prokeitai gia allodapoys, kai thn karta SIM toy kinhtoy toys. Symplhrwnontai ta stoixeia toys se ena eidiko entypo kai h diadikasia exei lhjei.

    Gia atoma hlikias katw twn 18 etwn, h diadikasia ths taytopoihshs prepei na ginei apo enhlika.

    Osoi den proselqoyn sth diadikasia taytopoihshs, tote qa diakopei h syndesh toys kai den qa mporoyn oyte na dexontai, oyte na pragmatopoioyn klhseis apo to kartokinhto toys.

    [05] Hrakleio: Entash gia ta ayqaireta

    Entash epikrathse to prwi sthn perioxh twn Goybwn toy Hrakleioy, opoy epixeirhqhke, paroysia eisaggelea kai astynomikhs dynamhs, h katedafish ayqairetwn jylinwn kataskeywn (anacykthriwn k.lp) ston aigialo, h opoia telika anablhqhke.

    Oi katoikoi kai o dhmos zhthsan anabolh ths katedafishs twn sygkekrimenwn ktismatwn kai anastolh ths ameshs efarmoghs sxetikhs apofashs toy Perifereiarxh, mesoyshs ths ychlhs toyristikhs periodoy, kata thn opoia thn perioxh episkeptontai kaqhmerina ekatontades loyomenoi.

    To prwi, idiokthtes ayqairetwn empodisan thn katedafish. Enas apo aytoys, skarfalwse se orofh ktismatos kai apeilhse na aytopyrpolhqei.

    Oi idiokthtes anagnwrizoyn pws oi kataskeyes einai paranomes, yposthrizoyn, omws, oti gi aytes plhrwnoyn kanonika sthn eforia kai thn Kthmatikh Etaireia toy Dhmosioy. Parallhla, diamartyrontai oti h epixeirhsh arxizei apo toys mikroys idiokthtes kai oxi apo ta megala jenodoxeia.

    Telika, o eisaggeleas ekane apodekto to aithma gia paratash ews tis 15 Oktwbrioy, me thn proypoqesh oti tis kataskeyes qa apomakrynoyn oi idioi oi idiokthtes toys.

    [06] Epikyrwsh ths topoqethshs

    H epikyrwsh ths topoqethshs toy Robertoy Spyropoyloy sth qesh toy dioikhth toy IKA qa ginei sto ypoyrgiko symboylio poy synedriazei stis 14:00, ypo thn proedria toy prwqypoyrgoy Giwrgoy Papandreoy.

    Sto symboylio qa syzhthqoyn metajy allwn, ta nomosxedia gia thn anaptyjh ths Dia Bioy Maqhshs, thn anadiorganwsh ths Eqnikhs sxolhs dikastwn kai thn yphresiakh ejelijh kai ierarxia stelexwn twn ED.

    [07] To alkool bohqa ta arqritika

    H katanalwsh alkool oxi mono anakoyfizei apo ta symptwmata ths reymatoeidoys arqritidas, alla fainetai na meiwnei th sobarothta ths idias ths paqhshs, symfwna me mia nea bretanikh episthmonikh ereyna, poy gia prwth fora ston kosmo ekane mia tetoia diapistwsh. H nea meleth edeije oti osoi den pinoyn alkool, exoyn tesseris fores perissoteres piqanothtes na emfanisoyn thn asqeneia se sxesh me osoys pinoyn alkool toylaxiston deka fores ton mhna.

    Oi ereynhtes toy panepisthmioy toy Sefilnt, ypo ton kaqhghth reymatologias, Tzeri Goyilson kai ton reymatologo, Tzehms Majgoyel, oi opoioi dhmosieysan th sxetikh meleth sto periodiko "Rheumatology" (Reymatologia), symfwna me to BBC, synekrinan dyo omades eqelontwn kai symperanan oti osoi epinan alkool, eniwqan ligotero pono kai eixan mikrotero prhjimo stis arqrwseis toys se sxesh me osoys epinan spania alkool h kaqoloy. Pantws proeidopoihsan oti ayth h diapistwsh den apotelei aytomatws "prasino fws" gia na arxisei kaneis na pinei perissotero, kaqws to alkool mporei na epiferei alloys kindynoys.

    H analysh me aktines X edeije oti osoi epinan alkool, eixan mikroterh zhmia stis arqrwseis, enw o aimatologikos elegxos edeije xamhlotera epipeda flegmonhs, pragma poy shmainei oti h wfeleia toy alkool den periorizetai mono sta symptwmata, alla afora thn idia thn asqeneia.

    Oi ereynhtes dhlwsan oti den katalabainoyn akoma giati to alkool exei eyergetikh epidrash sta arqritika. Ektimoyn oti isws katastellei th drasthriothta toy anosopoihtikoy systhmatos toy asqenoys kai me ton tropo ayto ephreazei thn ekdhlwsh ths paqhshs. H anti-flegmonwdhs kai analghtikh epiptwsh toy alkool fainetai pantws na paizei rolo toso sta symptwmata oso kai se kaqayto to ypobaqro ths paqhshs, ejisoy stoys andres kai stis gynaikes.

    Oi episthmones aneferan oti prepei pantws na ginoyn kai alles sxetikes meletes gia na epibebaiwqoyn ta symperasmata toys kai na katanohqei o mhxanismos me ton opoio to alkool epidra qetika sth reymatoeidh arqritida, apo th stigmh poy ayth exei emfanistei. Prohgoymenes meletes eixan deijei oti to alkool, se prwth fash, mporei na meiwsei tis piqanothtes emfanishs ths paqhshs.

    [08] Anaskafika eyrhmata

    Shmantika stoixeia gia thn Xalkoliqikh kai thn Ellhnistikh periodo sthn Kypro, proskomizoyn ta nea anaskafika eyrhmata sth Geronhso, to mikro nhsi apenanti apo thn akth toy Agioy Gewrgioy Pegeias sthn eparxia Pafoy.

    Oi anaskafes diejagontan apo to Panepisthmio Neas Yorkhs ypo thn kaqodhghsh ths kaqhghtrias Joan Breton Connelly.

    To Tmhma Arxaiothtwn Kyproy, se anakoinwsh toy me th lhjh ths fetinhs anaskafikhs periodoy, anaferei oti ta 19 melh ths arxaiologikhs apostolhs jekinhsan tis ergasies toys stis 16 Maioy kai diereynhsan treis basikes perioxes sto nhsi: to Ellhnistiko arxitektoniko symplegma, poy sxetizetai me thn proetoimasia kai thn katanalwsh trofimwn kai brisketai sto notio-kentriko tmhma toy nhsioy, thn kyklikh kataskeyh sta boreia, poy exei prokatarktika ermhneyqei ws Ellhnistikh ejedra xoroy, kai tis treis byzantines kyklikes oikies, poy briskontai sto kentro toy nhsioy. To yliko, poy breqhke stis anaskafikes tomes, symballei shmantika sthn plhresterh katanohsh twn triwn jexwristwn fasewn xrhshs toy xwroy: thn prwimh Xalkoliqikh epoxh (3800 p.X.), thn Ellhnistikh (1os aiwnas p.X.) kai th Byzantinh periodo (6os kai 13os aiwnas m.X.).

    Ston xwro breqhke mia poly kala diathrhmenh liqinh smilh (ergaleio) ths Xalkoliqikhs periodoy, h opoia prosteqhke sthn gkama twn entypwsiakwn liqinwn ergaleiwn, poy exoyn breqei ews stigmhs sth Geronhso. To yliko ayto, mazi me keramikh, poy syllexqhke se alles anaskafikes periodoys, kaqws kai ena eidwlio kai periapta, ypodhlwnoyn oti h Xalkoliqikh katoikhsh ths Geronhsoy yphrje shmantikh.

    Se o,ti afora thn Ellhnistikh periodo, oi fetines ereynes employtisan tis gnwseis gia ta kthria poy kapote yphrxan sto nhsi ayto. Anaskafhke ena megalo tmhma liqinoy geisoy me odontwth lajeymenh kosmhsh. To arxitektoniko ayto melos apotelei endeijh gia to megalo megeqos kai thn aiglh twn kthriwn toy 1oy aiwna p.X. sto nhsi. To en logw arxitektoniko melos breqhke poly konta sto shmeio, opoy apokalyfqhke, kata thn persinh anaskafikh periodo, ena tmhma liqinhs ydrorrohs se morfh leontokefalhs. Ta dyo ayta antikeimena mas bohqoyn na antilhfqoyme pws qa htan h diakosmhsh kai to megeqos toy entypwsiakoy profanws kthrioy, to opoio piqanws na katerreyse sto seismo toy 15 p.X. Kata mhkos ths notias pleyras toy nhsioy, apokalyfqhkan ektetamenes perioxes ap' opoy eixan afaireqei megales lajeymenes petres, oi opoies kaqontan panw se gycines epifaneies. Ta stoixeia ayta fanerwnoyn to megeqos ths sylhshs, poy ypesth to nhsi, piqanon kata ta prwta Byzantina xronia. H apomakrynsh toy lajeymenoy oikodomikoy ylikoy piqanon na egine gia na ktistoyn oi treis xristianikes basilikes ston Agio Gewrgio, apenanti apo th Geronhso, metajy 6oy kai 7oy aiwna m.X.

    O arxitektonas Richard Anderson, me th bohqeia twn foithtwn Charles Bartlett (New York University) kai Kathryn Minogue (Columbia University), synexise tis ergasies toy gia thn etoimasia enos neoy sxedioy apotypwshs oloklhroy toy nhsioy me th xrhsh qeodolixoy (total station laser). H synexizomenh diabrwsh twn apotomwn gkremwn toy nhsioy kaqistoyn thn episkophsh kai th xartografhsh ths Geronhsoy epitaktikh anagkh. Enas apo toys prwtistoys stoxoys ths apostolhs htan h proetoimasia enos neoy kai melethmenoy xarth poy na perilambanei thn topografia toy nhsioy mazi me ta arxitektonika kataloipa.

    Oi tomes poy dianoixqhkan konta stis Byzantines oikies sto kentro toy nhsioy eferan sto fws shmantika eyrhmata. Breqhke ena mikro xalkino ejarthma labhs, me diakosmhsh, poy apeikonizei to kefali kai toys wmoys enos geneioforoy andra. To ejarthma ayto isws na anhkei se Byzantino aggeio. Epishs, breqhkan polla qraysmata Mesaiwnikhs efyalwmenhs keramikhs (sgraffitto) me leykh, prasinh kai kitrino-kafe efyalwsh. Ta qraysmata ayta afoy sygkollhqhkan, sxhmatisan ena sxedon akeraio kypello me chlh bash. To eyrhma ayto, mazi me dyo alla paromoia kypella poy breqhkan kata tis prohgoymenes anaskafikes periodoys, apoteloyn sobares endeijeis gia thn katoikhsh ths Geronhsoy kata ton 13o aiwna m.X. Ejalloy, xartes toy 15oy aiwna deixnoyn mia ekklhsia ktismenh sto anatoliko akro toy nhsioy.

    Kata thn anaskafikh ayth periodo ergasthke omada shmantikwn episthmonwn, oi opoioi asxolhqhkan me th meleth twn eyrhmatwn gia thn telikh toys dhmosieysh. H dr Jolanta Mlynarczyk apo to Panepisthmio ths Barsobias synexise th meleth ths panw sthn Ellhnistikh keramikh ths Geronhsoy, enw o dr Mariusz Burdajewicz apo to Moyseio ths Barsobias synexise th meleth twn gyalinwn antikeimenwn kai sxediase keramikh kai arxitektonika melh. H Victoria Grinbaum (Incoming Fulbright Fellow sthn Kypro) apo to University College London kai to Panepisthmio Barsobias synexise th meleth ths panw stoys amforeis apo th Geronhso. O dr Paul Croft apo to Lemba Archaeological Field Station melethse ta zwika osta apo th Geronhso kai didaje sto New York University Geronisos Field School. Telos, h kaqhghtria Zoe Kontes apo to Kenyon University edwse seminaria stoys foithtes poy symmeteixan sto Field School.


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