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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-08-10

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Ekqesh gia ton Mhxanismo twn Antikyqhrwn
  • [02] Terastia h katastrofh sth Rwsia
  • [03] Anakoinwnei ypochfiothtes
  • [04] Qhsayroi twn Balkaniwn

    [01] Ekqesh gia ton Mhxanismo twn Antikyqhrwn

    Sta Kyqhra metaferetai h Ekqesh gia ton Mhxanismo twn Antikyqhrwn, apo 11 Aygoystoy ews 19 Septembrioy, meta apo prwtoboylia toy ypoyrgeioy Paideias, se synergasia me to Eqniko Idryma Ereynwn, to Iwniko Kentro Spoydwn kai thn Omada Meleths toy Mhxanismoy twn Antikyqhrwn.

    To kostos ths metaforas kai h topikh organwtikh yposthrijh qa kalyfqei apo to Eparxeio, to Dhmo Kyqhrwn kai apo topikoys foreis.

    Ta egkainia ths ekqeshs qa ginoyn stis 11 Aygoystoy ston Potamo Kyqhrwn.

    Stis 19 Aygoystoy h ekqesh qa metaferqei sthn Xwra, opoy qa parameinei mexri tis 19 Septembrioy, prokeimenoy na doqei h dynatothta kai stoys maqhtes twn sxoleiwn toy nhsioy na thn episkefqoyn me thn enarjh ths neas sxolikhs xronias.

    Prosfata egine dynath h meleth toy Mhxanismoy me thn xrhsh sygxronwn mhxanhmatwn poy sxediasthkan eidika gia thn meleth twn qraysmatwn toy kai h opoia odhghse se entypwsiaka eyrhmata.

    "Xarh se aythn thn ereyna gnwrizoyme twra me bebaiothta oti o Mhxanismos twn Antikyqhrwn apotelei mia mhxanikh mikrografia toy Arxaioy Sympantos", dhlwse o k. Iwannhs Mpitsakhs, melos ths Omadas Meleths toy Mhxanismoy twn Antikyqhrwn, kai toy Programmatos Istorias, Filosofias kai Didaktikhs twn Episthmwn kai ths Texnologias toy Eqnikoy Idrymatos Ereynwn.

    Xwros kai wres leitoyrgias ths ekqeshs:

  • Pneymatiko Kentro Potamoy (11 - 16 Aygoystoy)

  • Aiqoysa Kyqhraikoy Syndesmoy, Xwra (19 Aygoystoy - 19 Septembrioy)

    Deytera - Paraskeyh 10.00-14.00 & 18.00-20.30 kai Sabbato - Kyriakh 10.00-15.00

    [02] Terastia h katastrofh sth Rwsia

    Dyo stratiwtes poy symmeteixan stis prospaqeies katasbeshs ths megalhs pyrkagias gyrw apo to kentro pyrhnikwn dokimwn toy Sarof exasan th zwh toys otan toys kataplakwsan flegomena dentra, anakoinwse to rwsiko ypoyrgeio Amynas.

    Perissoteroi apo 800 pyrosbestes kai stratiwtes maxontai apo xqes Deytera kata ths fwtias poy jespase sthn perioxh toy pyrhnikoy kentroy (500 xiliometra apo th Mosxa) gnwstoy apo thn sobietikh epoxh, ws ena apo ta shmantikotera kentra pyrhnikwn ereynwn kai kataskeyhs atomikwn oplwn.

    Armodios ajiwmatoyxos dhlwse xqes pws to radienergo yliko epanatopoqethqhke sto kentro toy Sarof, apo opoy eixe apomakrynqei stis arxes toy mhna ejaitias twn pyrkagiwn.

    Peripoy 500 anqrwpoi synexizoyn twn agwna toys gia ton periorismo ths fwtias gyrw apo ena allo stratiwtiko kentro sto Snezinsk sta Oyralia, se apostash 1.500 xiliometrwn apo thn rwsikh prwteyoysa, sto opoio kataskeyazontai pyrhnika opla, anakoinwse to ypoyrgeio Antimetwpishs Ektaktwn Anagkwn.

    "H ektash poy kaigetai perioristhke sta eji ektaria" sthn zwnh ayth, epishmainetai sthn anakoinwsh.

    Oi topikes arxes anakoinwsan xqes oti khryjan prin treis hmeres se katastash ektakths anagkhs thn perioxh gyrw apo to sygkrothma Magiak (perioxh Tseliampinsk) epishs sta Oyralia se apostash 2.000 apo thn Mosxa. To sygkrothma ayto einai kentro epejergasias kai apoqhkeyshs pyrhnikwn apoblhtwn.

    H Greenpeace apo thn pleyra ths proeidopoiei pws yparxei shmantikos kindynos diasporas radienerghs molynshs apo to Magiak. To 1957 shmeiwqhke ena sobarotato mh pyrhniko dystyxhma apo thn ekrhjh mias dejamenhs pyrhnikwn apoblhtwn, me apotelesma na yparjei megalh radienergh molynsh poy qewrhqhke mia apo tis xeiroteres ston kosmo.

    Sto metajy, efialtikh paramenei h katastash sth rwsikh prwteyoysa, poy den mporei na apallagei apo to gkrizokitrino tojiko peplo ths.

    Pio dysoiwnes einai oi probleceis twn metewrologwn, poy ektimoyn oti to nefos toy kapnoy apo tis pyrkagies qa diathrhqei panw apo th Mosxa toylaxiston ws to telos ths ebdomadas, estw ki an ligo drosisei.

    Ychles paramenoyn kai oi sygkentrwseis dhlhthriwdwn aeriwn sthn atmosfaira ths Mosxas, opoy to monojeidio toy anqraka kai ta aiwroymena swmatidia jepernoysan to meshmeri kata 2,2 fores tis anwtates epitreptes times kai oi eidikoi ydrogonanqrakes kata 3,5 fores, enw oi meses hmerhsies times htan poly xeiroteres kaqws h yperbash to teleytaio 24wro htan 9 (!) fores gia ta aiwroymena swmatidia, 3,3 fores gia to monojeidio toy anqraka, 0,7-4,5 gia to diojeidio toy azwtoy kai ws 1,4 fores gia to ojeidio toy azwtoy.

    H zesth diathrei kai tis times toy ozontos kata 5,4 fores panw apo to fysiologiko.

    Dysaresta einai kai ta stoixeia, poy edwse sth dhmosiothta o epikefalhs toy Tmhmatos Ygeias ths polhs ths Mosxas Antrei Seltsofski, diapistwnontas ayjhsh ths qnhsimothtas toylaxiston kata 2 fores. ``Ean sto parelqon eixame kaqhmerina sth Mosxa 360-380 qanatoys, twra einai peripoy 700'', eipe o k. Seltsofski sto praktoreio Interfaj, an kai anepishmes ektimhseis kanoyn logo gia megalyteres ayjhseis stoys qanatoys.

    Ta sxetika reportaz, poy basisthkan sta stoixeia twn grafeiwn khdeiwn kai dhmosieythkan sthn oikonomikh hmerhsia ``Komersant'' ektimoyn oti oi qanatoi einai ayjhmenoi kata 2,5-3 fores, wstoso den eleican kai oi ektimhseis gia ayjhsh ews 8-10 fores.

    Apantwntas o k. Seltsofski eixe diaceysei ta stoixeia ayta kai eixe zhthsei ``na mhn skorpizetai o panikos''.

    Ejalloy, oi rwsikes arxes ekfrazoyn foboys oti mporei na ekdhlwqoyn epidhmies, kai idiaitera epidhmia xoleras, dhlwse shmera o epikefalhs twn ygeionomikwn yphresiwn Gkenanti Onistsenko.

    Symfwna me ton Onistsenko, oi ygeionomikes yphresies "enisxysan toys elegxoys gia loimwdeis nosoys" ejaitias endeijewn opws o pollaplasiasmos twn kroysmatwn ojeias gastrenteritidas kai h epideinwsh ths poiothtas toy neroy se 52 apo tis 83 rwsikes perifereies.

    "Foboymaste mhpws erqei xolera apo th notioanatolikh Asia, to Pakistan, opoy h katastash den einai kalh", dhlwse o Onistsenko, ton opoio epikaleitai to praktoreio Interfaj.

    "Pairnoyme metra gia na organwsoyme ton elegxo twn trofimwn kai zhtoyme thn paradosh posimoy neroy ekei opoy oi phges ydrodothshs exoyn sterecei", dieykrinise.

    Dhlhthriwdes nefos kapnoy kalyce to Sabbatokyriako kai thn Agia Petroypolh kai to Gekaterinmpoyrgk, thn prwteyoysa twn Oyraliwn, wstoso ws to prwi ths Deyteras eixe dialyqei logw twn eynoikwn anemwn, poy den bohqoyn kaqoloy sthn periptwsh ths Mosxas.

    Oi Mosxobites antimetwpizoyn thn krish opws mporoyn kai egkataleipoyn thn prwteyoysa me opoia mesa diaqetoyn.

    Thn Kyriakh htan yperplhrh ola ta dromologia lewforeiwn, trenwn kai aeroplanwn, enw terasties htan kai oi oyres twn ejerxomenwn apo thn polh aytokinhtwn. Epishs xqes anaxwrhsan aeroporikws apo th Mosxa 104.440 epibates, ariqmos rekor gia th fetinh xronia.

    Oi qermokrasies sthn polh kinoyntai staqera gyrw stoys 35 baqmoys kai sta perixwra, poy kaigontai, fqanoyn akomh kai toys 38. Ektos apo liges kaqysterhseis se mikro ariqmo pthsewn ta aerodromia prosarmosthkan kai ergazontai me oratothta 750-900 metrwn.

    Symfwna me martyries politwn kai toyristikwn praktorwn, jepoylhqhkan ola ta eleyqera paketa pros xwres, poy den exoyn biza gia toys Rwsoys polites, opws h Toyrkia, h Aigyptos kai to Mayroboynio.

    Arketoi ypochfioi toyristes kai paragontes toy toyristikoy xwroy qetoyn malista to erwthma ``giati den qa mporoyse na arqei estw kai proswrina h isxys ths Synqhkhs Sengken gia anqrwpistikoys logoys, wste na dieykolynqoyn na petajoyn akomh ki osoi qa hqelan na plhrwsoyn mia ekdromh gia na tajidecoyn se eyrwpaikes xwres, opws h Ellada''.

    Osoi katoikoi ths Mosxas den kataferan na fygoyn, katafeygoyn se jenodoxeia, emporika kentra kai xwroys me klimatismo, akomh kai sta aytokinhta toys, kaqws kyriarxh einai h aisqhsh oti meta apo toses meres o kapnos kai h osmh toy exoyn pleon mpei mesa sto eswteriko twn ktiriwn kai ta diamerismata, poy ypoxrewtika den aerizontai.

    Polla parapona ekfrazontai kai gia ta 120 ``kentra anapnohs'', poy anoije o Dhmos ths Mosxas, polla apo ta opoia den diaqetoyn klimatismo, para mono parhgoria kai tsai gia toys hlikiwmenoys.

    Maxh me tis floges

    O epikefalhs twn aeroporikwn dynamewn toy ypoyrgeioy Ektaktwn Katastasewn Rafahl Zakirof eipe oti xrhsimopoioyntai 34 iptamena mesa sthn katasbesh twn pyrkagiwn, ek twn opoiwn 9 jena. O ariqmos aytos anamenetai na enisxyqei me 2 amfibia Mperief B-200 poy paralambanontai kateyqeian apo to ergostasio kataskeyhs toys, 2 elikoptera K-32, poy fqanoyn apo thn Toyrkia, dyo aeroskafh apo thn Italia ki ena akomh apo th Gallia.

    Ejalloy, mia omada apo amerikanoys diaswstes, eidikeymenoys se katastaseis ektakths anagkhs, efqase shmera sth Mosxa gia na syndramei tis rwsikes arxes sth maxh toys kata twn katastrofikwn pyrkagiwn sta dash ths xwras, anakoinwse h Oyasigkton.

    H apostolh akoloyqhse tis thlefwnikes epafes poy eixe thn Paraskeyh h YPEJ Xilari Klinton me ton rwso omologo ths Sergkei Labrof, sth diarkeia twn opoiwn ``oi HPA prosferan sth Rwsia th bohqeia toys gia na katapolemhqoyn oi friktes pyrkagies'', prosqese o idios.

    O ekproswpos toy amerikanikoy YPEJ Filip Krooyli anefere epishs pws to Steit Ntipartment ejetazei to aithma ths amerikanikhs presbeias sth Mosxa na apomakrynqoyn ta paidia kai alla melh twn oikogeneiwn toy amerikanikoy diplwmatikoy proswpikoy, ta opoia ypoferoyn apo ton kapno apo tis pyrkagies poy exei kalycei thn atmosfaira sth rwsikh prwteyoysa.

    Se syskech sthn opoia prohdreyse o armodios ypoyrgos Ektaktwn Katastasewn Sergkei Saigkoy zhthse anadiatajh twn dynamewn kai sygkentrwsh toys sta pio epikindyna metwpa, metajy twn opoiwn kai ekeino ths Mosxas, poy moiazei anypoxwrhto kai talaipwrei hdh gia deyterh ebdomada toys katoikoys ths prwteyoysas.

    O k. Saigkoy proanhggeile ``genikeymenh epiqesh sta metwpa twn perixwrwn ths Mosxas'', poy qa apallajei th rwsikh prwteyoysa apo tis fwties se 5-7 hmeres.

    Yperaspistes twn anqrwpinwn dikaiwmatwn sth Rwsia proteinan ston proedro Ntmitri Mentbentef na zhthsei epeigoysa bohqeia apo to ejwteriko gia na antimetwpistoyn oi pyrkagies poy exoyn jespasei se olh th xwra kai gia na apofeyxqei mia pragmatikh "anqrwpistikh katastrofh".

    "Shmera egine safes oti to yparxon systhma sth xwra den eparkei gia na antimetwpistei mai tetoia katastash anagkhs" anaferetai se anoikth epistolh poy ypografetai apo thn proedro ths Omadas toy Elsinki, Lioyntmila Alejeeba kai ton prwhn diafwnoynta Sergkei Kobalef.

    "Xreiazetai mia megalhs ektashs dieqnhs anqrwpistikh epixeirhsh gia na swqoyn kai zwes kai h fysh", ektimoyn oi ypografontes thn epistolh kai synexizoyn:" Einai fanero oti h xwra den diaqetei arketa mesa gia na antimetwpisei tis fwties".

    "Den diaqetoyme para mono tessera pyrosbestika aeroskafh, th stigmh poy oi HPA kai o Kanadas exoyn panw apo 200", prostiqetai sthn idia epistolh kai epishmainetai:" Gia na apofeyxqei mia megalh anqrwpistikh katastrofh, alla kai texnologikh, eiste ypoxrewmenos na zhthsete epeigoysa bohqeia apo toys hgetes kratwn, poy exoyn peira stis maxes kata tnw pyrkagiwn se dash".

    Hdh polles xwres , opws Gallia kai Italia exoyn hdh prosferqei na bihqhsoyn th Rwsia, alla symfwna me to ypoyrgeio Ektaktwn Katastasewn poy epiqymei na meiwsei to ycos ths katastrofhs, gia na apofeyxqei h proklhsh panikoy sto lao, "h bohqeia apo to ejwteriko qa krathqei ws rezerba".

    Symfwna me ta epishma stoixeia toy ypoyrgeio Ektaktwn Katastasewn 557 esties fwtias einai energes se olh th Rwsia kai se mia ektash 174.000 stremmata. To teleytaio 24wro jespasan 247 nees esties kai katasbesthkan 239. Apo to synoliko ariqmo twn pyrkagiwn oi 25 aforoyn argh kaysh epifaneiakwn koitasmatwn tyrfhs, h atelhs kaysh ths opoias kai paragei to megalytero ogko toy monojeidioy toy anqraka.

    Thlegrafhma Papandreoy se Poytin

    Thn lyph toy kai ta eilikrinh syllyphthria ths ellhnikhs kybernhshs gia thn apwleia twn anqrwpinwn zwwn poy prokalesan oi katastrofikes pyrkagies sth Rwsia, ekfrazei o prwqypoyrgos k. Giwrgos Papandreoy, se thlegrafhma toy pros ton Rwso omologo toy Blantimir Poytin.

    To thlegrafhma toy Ellhna prwqypoyrgoy exei analytika ws ejhs:

    "Einai megalh h lyph moy apo thn tragikh apwleia anqrwpinwn zwwn kai tis katastrofes poy proklhqhkan apo tis pyrkagies poy mainontai sth Rwsia aytes tis hmeres.

    Ek meroys ths Ellhnikhs Kybernhshs, ekfrazw ta eilikrinh moy syllyphthria stis oikogeneies twn qymatwn kai th symparastash mas se oloys osoi eplhghsan apo ayth thn tragwdia.

    Se aytes tis dyskoles stigmes oi skeceis mas einai mazi toys".

    Epikoinwnia Abramopoyloy me Labrof kai Loyskof

    O antiproedros ths ND kai Ypeyqynos Ejwterikhs Politikhs kai Dieqnwn Sxesewn toy kommatos Dhm. Abramopoylos brisketai "se diarkh epikoinwnia" me ton Ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn ths Rwsias Sergkei Labrof kai to Dhmarxo Mosxas Gioyri Loyskof,kaqws kai me tis armodies Arxes ths rwsikhs kybernhshs, anaforika me tis ejelijeis sth Mosxa kai tis gyrw perioxes, logw twn katastrofikwn pyrkagiwn, anaferei anakoinwsh ths ND.

    O D. Abramopoylos eixe, hdh, aposteilei, apo tis 2 Aygoystoy, sxetiko mhnyma pros ton k. Labrof, ekfrazontas odynh gia thn apwleia anqrwpinwn zwwn kai aisqhmata symparastashs gia tis terasties ylikes zhmies, poy eixan katagrafei.

    "H allhleggyh metajy twn kratwn se tetoies peristaseis apotelei ton kanona ths dieqnoys synyparjhs kai allhlokatanohshs. Kai qa htan kalo h Ellada na syndramei kai me prajeis sthn anish maxh toy rwsikoy laoy kai ths kybernhshs toy apenanti ston pyrino efialth, opws allwste eixe kanei kai h Rwsia sthn aneipwth tragwdia poy ezhse h Ellada me tis pyrkagies toy 2007, sto plaisio ths amoibaiothtas", anefere o antiproedros ths ND.

    Ellhnikh bohqeia

    O Genikos Grammateas toy Ypoyrgeioy Ejwterikwn I. Zeppos, enhmerwse shmera th rwsikh presbeia sthn Aqhna oti oi ellhnikes arxes einai se qesh na aposteiloyn klimakio ths Eidikhs Omadas Antimetwpishs Katastrofwn - EMAK gia na syndramei sthn prospaqeia antimetwpishs twn terastiwn pyrkagiwn poy mainontai sth Rwsikh Omospondia.

    H ellhnikh kybernhsh anakoinwse epishs oti oi Rwsoi polites poy briskontai sthn Ellada mporoyn na parateinoyn thn paramonh toys mexri tis 10 Septembrioy, anejarthtws hmeromhnias lhjhs ths qewrhshs eisodoy sta diabathria toys.

    Apo to ypoyrgeio Ejwterikwn anakoinwqhke epishs oti ejakoloyqoyn na leitoyrgoyn kanonika h ellhnikh presbeia sth Mosxa kai oi ellhnikes projenikes arxes sth Rwsikh Omospondia.

    Anabolh dokimwn

    Oi dokimes twn pyraylwn Iskanter kai allwn oplwn poy kataskeyazontai sthn Kolomna, 13 xiliometra notioanatolika ths Mosxas, anablhqhkan ejaitias twn pyrkagiwn poy mainontai sthn perioxh ayth, anakoinwse h kataskeyastikh etairia KBM.

    "Apo tote poy arxise h jhrasia diakocame tis dokimes kai den mporoyme na tis epanalaboyme, giati yparxei ayjhmenos kindynos pyrkagias", dhlwse o Baleri Kasin, dieyqynths ths etairias.

    Oi ballistikoi pyrayloi Iskanter einai mikroy belhnekoys kai h Rwsia apeilei na toys egkatasthsei ston qylako toy Kaliningkrant.

    Arketes rwsikes stratiwtikes egkatastaseis exoyn plhgei h apeiloyntai apo tis fwties poy jespasan sta telh Ioylioy.

    Oi rwsikes arxes anakoinwsan pws dyo baseis toy stratoy kahkan stis 29 Ioylioy sthn perioxh ths Mosxas.

    H kybernhsh anakoinwse stis 5 Aygoystoy oti metefere se asfalh perioxh pyromaxika kai pyrayloys apo thn apoqhkh toy stratoy sto Alampinsk sthn perioxh Naro-Fominsk, 70 xiliometra notiodytika ths Mosxas.

    [03] Anakoinwnei ypochfiothtes

    Thn prosexh ebdomada anamenetai na anakoinwqei to deytero "paketo" ypochfiwn poy qa sthrijei to PASOK stis aytodioikhtikes ekloges toy Noembrioy.

    Qa prokeitai kai pali gia ypochfioys Dhmarxoys, opws egine kai me to prohgoymeno "paketo" poy anakoinwqhke kai to opoio perielambane, kata kanona, nyn Dhmarxoys, oi opoioi eixan eklegei me th shmaia toy Kinhmatos stis ekloges toy 2006.

    H nea anakoinwsh qa perilambanei, kata tis yparxoyses plhrofories, ta onomata peripoy 100 ypochfiwn, dhmarxwn, oi opoioi qa exoyn th sthrijh toy kybernwntos kommatos. Etsi, to PASOK qa exei anakoinwsei to 50% twn ypochfiwn dhmarxwn, oi opoioi, me ton ena h ton allo tropo, qa exoyn to "xrisma" ths "Ippokratoys".

    Oson afora stoys ypoloipoys Dhmoys, to PASOK prosanatolizetai na mh dwsei "xrismata", kentrika, alla na afhsei tis dhmotikes kai nomarxiakes organwseis toy na epilejoyn mia proswpikothta eyryterhs apodoxhs, sthn opoia qa dwsoyn th sthrijh toys.

    H epilogh ayth toy kybernwntos kommatos sxetizetai me th nea antilhch poy qelei na perasei o Giwrgos Papandreoy.

    Qesh toy Prwqypoyrgoy einai oti h Aytodioikhsh den qa prepei na einai oyte proektash ths kentrikhs ejoysias, oyte twn politikwn kommatwn.

    Aytos einai kai o logos gia ton opoio h kybernhsh den epiqymei na doqei entonos politikos xarakthras stis dhmotikes kai perifereiakes ekloges.

    Stis Perifereies, plhn orismenwn ejairesewn, den anamenetai oti qa akoloyqhqoyn oi kanones epiloghs ypochfiwn dhmarxwn.

    Oi ypochfioi poy qa sthrixqoyn, ektos, opws anaferqhke, orismenwn, isws, periptwsewn, qa einai gnwsta kommatika stelexh, xwris ayto na shmainei oti qa prokeitai gia ta legomena "prwtoklasata" stelexh.

    Toys ypochfioys Perifereiarxes, symfwna me tis mexri stigmhs plhrofories, anamenetai na paroysiasei o Prwqypoyrgos kai Proedros toy PASOK sthn epeteiakh ekdhlwsh gia thn idrysh toy kybernwntos kommatos, poy qa ginei, fetos, gia prwth fora, sth Qessalonikh stis 3 Septembrh.

    H epilogh twn sygkekrimenwn proswpwn ws ypochfiwn Perifereiarxwn anamenetai oti qa ephreasei kai to zhthma toy fhmologogoymenoy anasxhmatismoy, toylaxiston sthn periptwsh kata thn opoia qa yparjoyn kybernhtika stelexh (yfypoyrgoi, opws legetai) poy qa qesoyn ypochfiothta.

    Mexri twra to mono kybernhtiko stelexos poy exei qesei ypochfiothta einai o yfypoyrgos Oikonomias Stayros Arnaoytakhs gia thn Perifereia ths Krhths.

    Wstoso, gia thn idia Perifereia, to xrisma diekdikei kai h Nomarxhs Hrakleioy Eyaggelia Sxoinarakh, h opoia den paraiteitai toy dikaiwmatos ths na einai ypochfia.

    To erwthma einai ti qa kanei h ka Sxoinarakh, an epilegei o k. Arnaoytakhs ws ypochfios Perifereiarxhs.

    Problhma fainetai na yparxei kai sthn Perifereia Peloponnhsoy, mia kat' ejoxhn synthrhtikh perioxh, opoy to PASOK dyskoleyetai na brei proswpo to opoio qa ejasfalizei th nikh.

    H ypochfiothta toy "anejarthtoy" Petroy Tatoylh qa htan mia lysh kai einai arketa ta kybernhtika kai kommatika stelexh poy thn yposthrizoyn.

    To gegonos, omws, oti espeyse na dwsei thn yposthrijh toy, ston prwhn yfypoyrgo Politismoy o Proedros toy LAOS Giwrgos Karatzaferhs, dyskoleyei ta pragmata kai polla stelexh exoyn hdh antidrasei.

    Th maxh gia tis politikes entypwseis, pantws, to PASOK den qa th dwsei oyte sthn Krhth, oyte sthn Peloponnhso.

    Oi Perifereies poy exoyn epilegei gi ayto, einai h Perifereia Attikhs, prwteyontws kai h Perifereia Kentrikhs Makedonias, deytereyontws, logw ths synthrhtikhs synqeshs toy eklogikoy swmatos.

    Sthn Perifereia Attikhs, kata tis yparxoyses plhrofories, to "xrisma" qa doqei se gnwsto kommatiko stelexos, oxi, omws, se ypoyrgo, kati poy qa metetrepe, aytomata, thn anametrhsh se meizona politikh anametrhsh.

    Sthn Kentrikh Makedonia anazhteitai to "katallhlo" proswpo.

    Ena apo ta proswpa poy exoyn protaqei einai ayto toy yfypoyrgoy ypodomwn Giannh Magkriwth, o opoios den deixnei proqymos na hghqei toy chfodeltioy, an den exei, toylaxiston, th sthrijh olwn twn ypoyrgwn kai boyleytwn poy eklegontai sthn perioxh.

    Stis loipes Perifereies dyo einai ekeines stis opoies qewreitai oti exoyn "kleisei" oi ypochfiothtes: Prokeitai gia thn Perifereia Notioy Aigaioy, opoy qewreitai dedomenh h ypochfiothta toy Nomarxh Dwdekanhsoy Giannh Maxairidh kai gia thn Perifereia Boreioy Aigaioy, opoy, kata tis plhrofories, exei "kleidwsei" h ypochfiothta ths boyleytoy Xioy Elpidas Tsoyrh.

    Maxh antistoixh me ayth poy qa dwsei stis Perifereies Attikhs kai Kentrikhs Makedonias, to PASOK qa dwsei kai stoys treis megaloys Dhmoys, Aqhnas, Qessalonikhs kai Peiraia.

    Sthn Aqhna probalei ws fabori h yfypoyrgos Ygeias Fwfh Gennhmata, h opoia, stis dhmoskophseis poy exoyn ginei, feretai na prohgeitai toy Nikhta Kaklamanh.

    Apo ta alla kybernhtika stelexh poy emfanizontan, kata kairoys, apo ta mesa enhmerwshs, ws piqanoi ypochfioi dhmarxoi Aqhnas, p.x. Mixalhs Xrysoxoidhs, Anna Diamantopoyloy klp, kanena den epibebaiwse tis sxetikes plhrofories.

    Sth Qessalonikh to PASOK anazhtei ypochfiothta eyryterhs apodoxhs, thn opoia den exei brei akoma. H periptwsh toy Giannh Mpoytarh exei dyo arnhtika stoixeia. Prwton, h hlikia kai deytero to gegonos oti den sthrixqhke thn prohgoymenh fora, otan to Kinhma epeleje na yposthrijei thn Xrysa Arapogloy. H ka Arapogloy eixe ekdhlwsei, arxika, thn epiqymia na einai kai pali ypochfia, deixnei, omws, na apodexetai th logikh ths epiloghs enos proswpoy eyryterhs apodoxhs, h opoia krinetai mallon aparaithth, prokeimenoy na "kerdhqei" o Dhmos Qessalonikhs.

    Ston Peiraia ta pragmata einai pio periploka. O dhmarxos P. Fasoylas, lene sthn "Ippokratoys", gia ena megalo diasthma den eixe kamia epafh me to komma. Amesws de meta thn epanemfanish toy dhlwse oti qa einai kai pali ypochfios gia ton Peiraia. To problhma, edw, onomazetai "xreos toy Dhmoy" to opoio jeperna ta 200 ekat. Eyrw kai katalogizetai sthn paroysa diaxeirish, h opoia, symfwna me osa legontai stoys diadromoys ths "Ippokratoys", den allaje tis synhqeies kai tis epiloges ths prohgoymenhs.

    [04] Qhsayroi twn Balkaniwn

    Otan o tajidiwths periplanatai s' enan topo, ayto poy synhqws anazhtei einai kapoio emfanes stoixeio ths istorikhs toy taytothtas h enan topo monadikoy fysikoy kalloys gia na ``drapeteysei'', estw kai stigmiaia, apo thn polyboyh kaqhmerinothta toy. Arxaia mnhmeia, peritexna paradosiaka ktismata, pyknofyta dash kai smaragdenia nera synqetoyn to idaniko, gia polloys, sxedio diakopwn. Gia polloys, oxi omws gia oloysbŠ

    Yparxoyn ki aytoi poy qeloyn n' ``aggijoyn'' to aylo. Na erqoyn se epafh me toys anqrwpoys kai ton politismo toys. Oxi ayton poy apotypwnetai sta mnhmeia kai th fysh, alla ayton poy krata kala fylagmeno h proforikh paradosh, ta tragoydia, oi xoroi. Ola ayta, poy h UNESCO exei symperilabei s' enan jexwristo katalogo, ayton ths pagkosmias, aylhs politistikhs klhronomias.

    S' ayton ton katalogo, opoy 77 xwres exoyn th dikh toys, jexwristh paroysia, ta Balkania kompazoyn gia mia seira apo stoixeia ths dikhs toys taytothtas, me ta opoia employtizoyn thn pagkosmia aylh politistikh klhronomia.

    To APE-MPE paroysiazei orismenoys apo toys anektimhtoys aytoys ayloys qhsayroys twn Balkaniwn:

    Albania - Isofwnikoi hxoi

    H albanikh paradosiakh polyfwnikh moysikh, poy ekteleitai kyriws apo andres, diakrinetai se dyo megales omades: twn Ghegs ston albaniko Borra kai twn Tosks kai Labs poy zoyn sta notia ths xwras.

    H paradosiakh ayth moysikh basizetai sto moysiko oro ``iso'' (analogos me to ``ison'' ths byzantinhs moysikhs) sto bombo, dhladh, poy synodeyei to polyfwniko tragoydi. Ta tragoydia poy ekteloyntai polyfwnika exoyn dyo solo merh (tragoyda enas tragoydisths kai meta o allos) enw to ``iso'' kratietai apo th xorwdia kaq' olh th diarkeia ths ekteleshs toys. Gia na katanohsoyme to yperoxo akoysma twn paradosiakwn polyfwnikwn sygkrothmatwn prepei na gnwrizoyme oti ta solo tragoydia diaferoyn sth domh toys analoga me ton tropo poy kratietai to ``iso'' apo toys xorwdoys.

    To moysiko ayto eidos kaleitai, epishs, isopolyfwniko kai einai toso demeno me th laikh paradosh ths xwras wste to synanta kaneis se polla koinwnika gegonota, opws gamoys, khdeies, giortes gia th sygkomidh, qrhskeytikes teletes kai festibal albanikhs laikhs moysikhs sto Argyrokastro.

    Malista, edw kai merikes dekaeties, o toyrismos kai to ayjanomeno endiaferon ths episthmonikhs koinothtas gi' ayth th monadikh laikh paradosh exoyn symbalei sthn anagennhsh ths albanikhs isopolyfwnikhs moysikhs.

    Omws, h apoysia nomikhs prostasias kai oikonomikhs yposthrijhs stoys tragoydistes aytoys, apo th mia pleyra, kai h fygh twn newn stis megales poleis gia na broyn doyleia, apo thn allh, qetoyn se kindyno th diadosh ths polyfwnikhs moysikhs mazi me tis periploka omorfa texnikes ths kai to terastio repertorio twn tragoydiwn ths.

    Etsi, shmera, th diaswsh ayths ths klhronomias anelaban na ejasfalisoyn perissotero oi laikoi paradosiakoi kallitexnes me tis xorwdies toys.

    Boylgaria - To polyfwniko tragoydi twn Babi

    Akomh kai shmera ta paradosiaka polyfwnika tragoydia kai oi xoroi ths perioxhs Shoplouk ths Boylgarias ekteloyntai apo mia omada hlikiwmenwn gynaikwn, tis Bistritsa Babi.

    To polyfwniko tragoydi, poy onomazetai kai difwnia, synodeyei ena palaio eidos xoroy poy sxhmatizei alysida kai thn teletoyrgikh praktikh toy lazarouvane, mia teleth myhshs gia tis nees gynaikes.

    Einai mia eidikh morfh polyfwnikoy tragoydioy sto opoio mia h dyo fwnes diamorfwnoyn th melwdia thn opoia synqetoyn h izvikva (``kraygh/kalesma'') kai o bouchi krivo (``ypokwfos krotos''), enw oi alles synodeyoyn m' ena monotono bombo, diplasiasmeno h triplasiasmeno gia n' ayjhqei h entash.

    Oi xoreytries, ntymenes me paradosiakes endymasies, pianontai apo th mesh h th zwnh kai xoreyoyn s' enan kyklo, me elafra bhmata, se kinhsh antistrofh apo toys deiktes toy rologioy. Yparxoyn, epishs, polles parallages me ayth th morfh, analoga me to tragoydi kai thn palaia teletoyrgikh praktikh.

    H koinwnikh domh toy polyfwnikoy tragoydioy allaje ton 20o aiwna kai diamorfwqhke opws shmera ermhneyetai sth skhnh.

    Oi Bistritsa Babi einai apo tis teleytaies poy paroysiazoyn thn paradosiakh polyfwnia kai to xwrio Bistritsa apotelei enan apo toys teleytaioys topoys sth Boylgaria, opoy h politistikh ayth ekfrash diaiwnisqhke sto perasma twn aiwnwn.

    Kroatia - Peritexnes danteles kai jylina paixnidia

    Toylaxiston treis diaforetikoi paradosiakoi tropoi dhmioyrgias dantelas ejakoloyqoyn na ejaskoyntai, shmera, sthn Kroatia kai sygkekrimena stis poleis Pagk, stis aktes ths Adriatikhs, Lepogklaba sth Boreia Kroatia kai Xbar, sto omwnymo nhsi ths Dalmatias.

    Kaqemia apo tis paradosiakes aytes danteles, poy exoyn syndesei t'onoma toys me thn perioxh sthn opoia kataskeyazontai, exei ws dhmioyrgoys gynaikes ths kroatikhs eparxias poy ejaskoyn thn texnh ayth gia na symplhrwsoyn to oikogeneiako eisodhma. Me ton tropo ayto syneisferoyn, wstoso, kai sth diafylajh ths politistikhs klhronomias ths perioxhs.

    Metajy twn texnwn kai paradosewn me tis opoies exei employtisei h Kroatia ton katalogo ths pagkosmias aylhs klhronomias einai kai h paradosiakh kataskeyh jylinwn paixnidiwn ths perioxhs Xrbatsko Zagkorie.

    H paradosh ayth metra genees epi genewn kai ta skhptra kratoyn oi andres toy spitioy, poy xrhsimopoiwntas kaqe eidos jyloy poy prosferei h perioxh xrhsimopoioyn paradosiaka ergaleia gia na to smilecoyn kai na to metamorfwsoyn s' ena paidiko paixnidi. Sth synexeia, oi gynaikes bafoyn me filika pros to periballon xrwmata ta paixnidia ayta, gemizontas ta loyloydia kai gewmetrika sxhmata kai xrhsimopoiwntas mono th fantasia toys ws odhgo.

    Roymania - Doina: hxos jexwristos ki ayqormhtos

    Gnwsto me diaforetika onomata, ana perioxh, sth Roymania, to doina einai lyriko asma, poy synhqws empneetai ekeinh th stigmh aytos poy to tragoyda. Malista, ews to 1900 htan to monadiko moysiko, paradosiako eidos tragoydioy se arketes perioxes ths xwras. Texnika, mporei na tragoydhqei opoydhpote (se ejwterikoys xwroys, sto spiti, akomh kai sth doyleia), me h xwris th synodeia moysikhs h allwn atomwn. Oi hxoi toy doina ekfrazoyn diafora synaisqhmata: xara, alla kai lyph, agaph, alla kai antipaqeia k.o.k.

    Shmera, h jexwristh ayth paradosh apeileitai, afoy oi palaioteroi den katafernoyn, stis perissoteres periptwseis, na thn perasoyn sth newterh genia, prokeimenoy na diaiwnistei.

    Ta parapanw einai orismena mono apo ta stoixeia ths taytothtas twn Balkaniwn, poy symperilambanontai ston katalogo ths aylhs politistikhs klhronomias ths UNESCO. Ton prosexh Noembrio, se mia koinh protash ths Elladas, ths Italias, ths Ispanias kai toy Marokoy, o dieqnhs organismos prokeitai na ejetasei to aithma katoxyrwshs twn qematwn mesogeiakhs diatrofhs ws aylhs politistikhs klhronomias.


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