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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-09-22

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Kinhtra kai megales ekptwseis gia thn peraiwsh
  • [02] H atzenta ths Tetarths 22/9/2010
  • [03] Klimakwnoyn tis kinhtopoihseis oi metaforeis
  • [04] Staseis ergasias ston OSE
  • [05] Dinoyn elpides

    [01] Kinhtra kai megales ekptwseis gia thn peraiwsh

    Tis basikes arxes toy sxedioy nomoy gia thn ekoysia katarghsh twn forologikwn ekkremothtwn twn forologoymenwn kateqese gia diaboyleysh me toys armodioys to ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn.

    To sxedio nomoy toy ypoyrgeioy poy apestalh se oloys toys foreis ths agoras perilambanei th ryqmish gia thn peraiwsh olwn twn ekkremwn forologikwn ypoqesewn twn epixeirhsewn kai epaggelmatiwn gia tis diaxeiristikes periodoys poy ekleisan mexri tis 31 - 12 - 2009, sthn opoia entassontai kai oi forologikes ypoqeseis poy ekkremoyn sta dioikhtika dikasthria kaqws kai ryqmish gia tis lhjiproqesmes ofeiles pros to dhmosio.

    Parallhla, to ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn, anakoinwse oti proxwrei se tesseris megales allages sth diadikasia ekdikashs twn forologikwn ypoqesewn me stoxo thn taxyterh ekdikash toys enw proanhggeile oti qa proxwrhsei syntoma sthn anadiorganwsh twn yphresiwn toy opws kai sthn dieyrynsh kai aysthropoihsh twn poinwn gia forodiafygh.

    "Kaloyme toys forologoymenoys kai tis forologikes arxes na afhsoyn pisw to parelqon kai na xtisoyn sto paron kai sto mellon mia sxesh amoibaias empistosynhs kai synepeias poy qa diasfalizei thn ekplhrwsh twn forologikwn ypoxrewsewn apo oloys toys polites. Einai mia "teleytaia eykairia" gia mia "nea arxh" shmeiwnei sthn anakoinwsh toy to ypoyrgeio. Shmeiwnei, epishs, oti "to 2011 qa einai h xronia ths drastikhs poinikhs katastolhs ths forodiafyghs se oles tis ekfanseis ths".

    Symfwna me to plaisio toy sxedioy nomoy toy ypoyrgeioy Oikonomiwn - to opoio einai anoikto kata th diadikasia ths diaboyleyshs me toys foreis - sth ryqmish twn forologikwn ekkremothtwn qa symperilhfqoyn:

  • oi anelegktes ypoqeseis me ejairesh aytes twn poly megalwn epixeirhsewn.

  • oi ypoqeseis poy ekkremoyn sta dioikhtika dikasthria a' kai b' baqmoy dikaiodosias efoson den exoyn syzhthqei sto deyterobaqmio dikasthrio kai

  • oi lhjiproqesmes ofeiles pros to Dhmosio.

    Gennaia kinhtra - megales ekptwseis

    H olh diadikasia qa dienerghqei mesw ths Genikhs Grammateias Plhroforiakwn Systhmatwn gia ton megalytero ogko twn ypoqesewn, me apostolh pros toys endiaferomenoys ekkaqaristikoy shmeiwmatos. H ejoflhsh toy shmeiwmatos qa epiferei ek toy nomoy oristikh kai ametaklhth epilysh ths diaforas kai qa katargei ton elegxo, th Dikh kai ta tyxon lhfqenta anagkastika metra eisprajhs. Gia tis ekkremeis forologikes ypoqeseis poy qa ryqmizontai qa problepetai h katabolh toy 25% toy ofeilomenoy foroy ews th 12 Noembrioy 2010 enw h ejoflhsh qa mporei na ginei analoga me to poso se ews kai 12 mhniaies doseis. Gia tis ypoqeseis poy ekkremoyn sta dikasthria h ryqmish problepei apo thn plhrh apallagh toy prosqetoy h twn prosayjhsewn otan kataballetai o kyrios foros gia tis ypoqeseis poy ekkremoyn sto prwtobaqmio dioikhtiko dikasthrio ews kai thn katabolh epipleon toy kyrioy foroy toy 25% toy posoy poy katalogisthke gia tis ypoqeseis poy exoyn ginei dektes apo to prwtobaqmio dioikhtiko dikasthrio kai exei askhqei efesh apo to dhmosio alla den exei syzhthqei se deyterobaqmio epipedo. Gennaies apallages apo tis prosayjhseis poy fqanoyn to 100% twn prosayjhsewn problepontai gia th ryqmish twn lhjiproqesmwn ofeilwn an o ofeiletes katabalei efapaj to poso tis bebaiwmenhs arxika ofeilhs. Diaforetika kai analoga me to ycos ths ofeilhs problepetai h ejoflhsh toys se ews kai 45 mhniaies doseis me apallagh sthn periptwsh ayth toy 50% twn prosayjhsewn ekproqesmhs katabolhs

    SEB: Na einai h teleytaia

    Na desmeytoyn ta dyo megala kommata me epishmh dhlwsh toys oti sto ameso, alla kai sto apwtero mellon qa katachfisoyn kaqe nea protash gia peraiwsh, zhta o SEB me shmerinh toy anakoinwsh. O Syndesmos tassetai kata ths praktikhs ths peraiwshs alla qewrei oti sthn paroysa sygkyria "prepei na ylopoihqei me th basikh proypoqesh oti qa einai pragmati gia teleytaia fora kai me oroys toso eynoikoys wste na shmatodotei me safhneia mia ametaklhth diaxwristikh grammh me to parelqon, dinontas oristiko telos stis 150.000 ypoqeseis poy limnazoyn stis efories kai sta dikasthria".

    "H peraiwsh epibrabeyei th forodiafygh poy noqeyei ton antagwnismo, ayjanei thn eisodhmatikh anisothta kai katastrathgei kaqe ennoia dikaioy. H peraiwsh epibrabeyei toys asynepeis se baros twn synepwn forologoymenwn, stoys opoioys sygkatalegontai kai ta melh toy SEB - etaireies poy egkaira kataballoyn toys analogoyntes ychloys foroys toys", anaferei xarakthristika.

    Para tayta, o Syndesmos anagnwrizei poso einai dhmosionomika krisimo na ayjhqoyn ta esoda toyth th sygkekrimenh stigmh, kaqws kai to gegonos oti polloi forologoymenoi antimetwpizoyn antikeimenikh adynamia na antapokriqoyn sta prosqeta forologika bar

    To sxedio gia thn peraiwsh

    Analytikotera sto sxedio toy ypoyrgeioy gia thn ekoysia katarghsh twn forologikwn diaforwn problepontai ta akoloyqa:

    A. YPAGOMENES YPOQESEIS

    Stis ryqmiseis toy nomoy poy qa katateqei stis amesws prosexeis hmeres, qa ypaxqoyn oi ekkremeis ypoqeseis forologias eisodhmatos twn loipwn forologikwn antikeimenwn epithdeymatiwn, oi opoies aforoyn diaxeiristikes periodoys poy ekleisan mexri tis 31.12.2009.

    Ekkremeis ypoqeseis nooyntai ekeines stis opoies, mexri thn kataqesh toy sxedioy nomoy:

    a) Den exei arxisei o elegxos.

    b) Exei arxisei o elegxos alla den exei peraiwqei.

    g) Exei ekdoqei Fyllo Elegxoy h Prajh apotelesmatwn alla den exei oristikopoihqei.

    d) Ekkremoyn sta dioikhtika dikasthria kai den exoyn syzhthqei se a' syzhthsh sto deyterobaqmio dikasthrio.

    e) Peraiwmenes ypoqeseis gia tis opoies mexri 31.8.2010:

    aa) Exoyn meta ton elegxo, ekdoqei symplhrwmatika fylla elegxoy h prajeis prosdiorismoy apotelesmatwn h F.P.A. ta opoia eite den exoyn oristikopoihqei, eite ekkremoyn enwpion twn dioikhtikwn dikasthriwn kai den exoyn syzhthqei se a' syzhthsh sto deyterobaqmio dikasthrio h

    bb) Exoyn ekdoqei apofaseis Epibolhs prostimoy K.B.S. gia symplhrwmatika stoixeia me bash ta opoia den exei dienerghqei akomh elegxos stis loipes forologies.

    B. EJAIROYMENES YPOQESEIS

    Den qa ypaxqoyn stis ryqmiseis toy nomoy akomh kai an einai ekkremeis, oi akoloyqes kathgories ypoqesewn:

    a) Oi ypoqeseis gia tis opoies den exei ypoblhqei mexri 31 Aygoystoy 2010 emproqesmh h ekproqesmh arxikh dhlwsh foroy eisodhmatos h ekkaqaristikh dhlwsh F.P.A. gia kapoia apo tis anelegktes xrhseis kaqws kai oi epomenes ayths.

    b) Oi ypoqeseis fysikwn proswpwn me eisodhma apo gewrgikes epixeirhseis gia tis opoies den exoyn thrhqei biblia kai mono oson afora ta eisodhmata ayta.

    g) Oi ypoqeseis gia tis opoies exei ypoblhqei symplhrwmatikh dhlwsh symfwna me tis diatajeis ths par. 2 toy arqroy 6 toy n. 2753/1999, me ejairesh tis anelegktes prohgoymenes h epomenes xrhseis aytwn.

    d) Apo kaqe ypoqesh, h anelegkth xrhsh sthn opoia ta dhloymena akaqarista esoda einai megalytera toy posoy twn (endeiktika): eikosi ekatommyriwn (20.000.000) eyrw kai oles oi epomenes ayths xrhseis.

    e) Oi anelegktes ypoqeseis gia tis opoies yparxoyn katasxemena anepishma biblia h stoixeia, ektos an ayta exoyn tyxei epejergasias kai exoyn ekdoqei prajeis epibolhs prostimoy K.B.S.

    st) Oi ypoqeseis forologias ploiwn, akinhths perioysias, megalhs akinhths perioysias, metabibashs akinhtwn kai klhronomiwn - dwrewn - proikwn - gonikwn paroxwn.

    z) Oi ypoqeseis poy aforoyn epixeirhseis poy einai eishgmenes sto Xrhmatisthrio Ajiwn Aqhnwn.

    h) Oi ypoqeseis poy aforoyn epixeirhseis gia ton elegxo twn opoiwn exoyn sygkrothqei Eidika Synergeia Elegxoy toy arqroy 39 toy n. 1914/1990.

    q) Oi ypoqeseis epithdeymatiwn fysikwn proswpwn ta opoia me bash ta stoixeia toy perioysiologioy etoys 2008 ypagontai se Forologhsh Megalhs Akinhths Perioysias (FMAP).

    G. PROSDIORISMOS TOY EPIPLEON FOROY

    To poso toy epipleon foroy ypologizetai ws ejhs: ta dhlwqenta akaqarista esoda pollaplasiazontai me syntelesth (Endeiktika): dyo tois ekato (2%) gia ola ta epaggelmata, me ejairesh ta parakatw gia ta opoia ta dhloymena akaqarista esoda pollaplasiazontai ws ejhs:

    a) me syntelesth (endeiktika): epta tois xiliois (7b)

    K.A. 4214: emporos(prathrio) Benzinhs kai petrelaioy

    K.A. 5402: prathrio xondrikhs pwlhsews proiontwn kapnobiomhxanias.

    K.A. 5402: emporos proiontwn kapnobiomhxanias xondrikws,

    b) me syntelesth (endeiktika): dwdeka tois xiliois (12b)

    K.A. 4235: emporos petrelaioy qermanshs dianomh kat' oikon.

    To poso poy prokyptei pollaplasiazetai me syntelesth proodeytikothtas analoga me ta akaqarista esoda, ws ejhs:

    " Gia akaqarista esoda mexri 150.000 eyrw: S.P.= 1

    " Gia akaqarista esoda panw apo 150.000 ews kai 300.000 eyrw: S.P.= 1,05

    " Gia akaqarista esoda panw apo 300.000 ews kai 600.000 eyrw : S.P.= 1,10

    " Gia akaqarista esoda panw apo 600.000 ews kai 1.200.00 eyrw: S.P.= 1,15

    " Gia akaqarista esoda panw apo 1.200.000 ews kai 3.000.000 eyrw: S.P. =1,20

    " Gia akaqarista esoda panw apo 3.000.000 ews kai 6.000.000 eyrw: S.P.= 1,25

    " Gia akaqarista esoda panw apo 6.000.000 ews kai 9.000.000 eyrw: S.P.= 1,30

    " Gia akaqarista esoda panw apo 9.000.000 eyrw: S.P. =1,35

    Sto teliko poso poy prokyptei apo toys ws anw ypologismoys epiballetai foros me syntelesth (endeiktika): eikosi tois ekato (20%) ektos apo tis A.E. kai E.PE. opoy epiballetai foros me syntelesth (endeiktika): eikosi pente tois ekato (25%).

    2. Ean apo ton parapanw ypologismo den prokyptei foros h prokyptei:

    a) Poso mikrotero apo (endeiktika): tetrakosia (400) eyrw gia epithdeymatia poy den thrhse biblia h thrhse biblia prwths kathgorias toy K.B.S., to poso toy bebaiwteoy foroy orizetai sta (endeiktika): tetrakosia (400) eyrw.

    b) Poso mikrotero apo (endeiktika): eptakosia (700) eyrw gia kaqe epithdeymatia poy thrhse biblia deyterhs kathgorias toy K.B.S., to poso toy bebaiwteoy foroy orizetai sta (endeiktika): eptakosia (700) eyrw.

    g) Poso mikrotero apo (endeiktika): xilia (1000) eyrw, prokeimenoy gia epithdeymatia poy thrhse biblia triths kathgorias toy K.B.S., to poso toy bebaiwteoy foroy orizetai sta (endeiktika): xilia (1000) eyrw.

    3. Gia ton ypologismo toy posoy toy bebaiwteoy foroy, sthn periptwsh poy yparxei Apofash Epibolhs Prostimoy K.B.S., to poso ths tyxon apokrybeisas forologhteas ylhs pollaplasiazomeno me syntelesth 15% prostiqetai sto poso poy prokyptei, apo ton pollaplasiasmo twn dhlwqentwn akaqaristwn esodwn me toys syntelestes ths par. 1, kai epi toy aqroismatos epiballetai foros me syntelesth 20 h 25%, (endeiktikos syntelesths) analoga me thn periptwsh, to prokypton de poso prosayjanetai ws ejhs:

    a) Sthn periptwsh yparjhs parabasewn ths paragrafoy G3 (Parabaseis toy K.B.S.), kata eikosi tois ekato (20%).

    b) Sthn periptwsh yparjhs apokrybeisas forologhteas ylhs kata thn ennoia twn periptwsewn a'kai b' ths paragrafoy G3 (Paraleich ekdoshs h lhchs h anakribhs ekdosh h lhch forologikoy stoixeioy) kata saranta tois ekato (40%).

    g) Sthn periptwsh yparjhs apokrybeisas forologhteas ylhs kata thn ennoia ths periptwshs g' ths paragrafoy G2 (Plasta h eikonika h noqeymena stoixeia) toy arqroy 2 toy parontos kata ejhnta tois ekato (60%).

    4. Gia thn efarmogh twn prohgoymenwn periptwsewn lambanontai ypoch oi parabaseis toy K.B.S. oi opoies:

    a) exoyn oristikopoihqei,

    b) ekkremoyn gia dioikhtikh epilysh ths diaforas sth D.O.Y. h sta Dioikhtika Dikasthria kai den exoyn syzhthqei sto akroathrio toy deyterobaqmioy Dikasthrioy,

    5. H zhmia poy tyxon perilambanetai sth dhlwsh forologias eisodhmatos toy teleytaioy ryqmizomenoy oikonomikoy etoys den metaferetai gia symchfismo me ta qetika eisodhmata twn epomenwn etwn.

    6. Se periptwseis ekkremwn proswrinwn fyllwn elegxoy h prajewn prosdiorismoy toy foroy, ta fylla h oi prajeis aytes ryqmizontai me diagrafh twn prosqetwn forwn.

    7. H ryqmish kaqemias anelegkths ypoqeshs forologias eisodhmatos synepagetai aytodikaia kai thn ryqmish ws eilikrinwn twn anelegktwn ypoqesewn twn loipwn forologikwn antikeimenwn me thn epifylajh twn orizomenwn stis epomenes paragrafoys:

    a) Ean se kapoia apo tis anelegktes xrhseis yfistatai apokrybeisa forologhtea ylh h ta dedomena twn ypoblhqeiswn sxetikwn dhlwsewn emfanizoyn diafores se sxesh me ta antistoixa dedomena ths dhlwshs forologias eisodhmatos kai twn entypwn poy th synodeyoyn, epi twn epi pleon akaqaristwn esodwn ypologizetai F.P.A., me thn efarmogh ws syntelesth aytoy poy problepetai gia thn kyria dhlwqeisa drasthriothta prosayjhmenoy (endeiktika): kata trianta tois ekato (30%).

    b) Gia tis ryqmizomenes symfwna me to nomo ypoqeseis den yparxei h dynatothta epistrofhs tyxon pistwtikoy ypoloipoy F.P.A. poy afora ta ryqmizomena eth, oyte metaforas toy tyxon pistwtikoy ypoloipoy toy teleytaioy ryqmizomenoy etoys gia symchfismo sto epomeno etos.

    g) Se periptwseis ekkremwn proswrinwn prajewn prosdiorismoy toy foroy, oi prajeis aytes ryqmizontai me diagrafh twn prosqetwn forwn.

    d) Sthn periptwsh poy diapistwnetai h mh ypobolh twn sxetikwn dhlwsewn h yparxoyn sthn armodia D.O.Y. kaqe eidoys epibaryntika stoixeia dienergeitai elegxos me bash tis keimenes diatajeis.

    e) Oi prajeis epibolhs prostimoy K.B.S. poy aforoyn tis ryqmizomenes anelegktes ypoqeseis kai ekkremoyn sth D.O.Y. h enwpion twn Dioikhtikwn Dikasthriwn kai den exoyn syzhthqei sto akroathrio toy deyterobaqmioy Dikasthrioy, ryqmizontai me periorismo sto ena pempto (1/5) toy epiblhqentos sxetikoy prostimoy

    D. DIADIKASIA RYQMISHS KAI TROPOS KATABOLHS TOY FOROY

    O epithdeymatias, efoson epiqymei na ryqmisei tis anelegktes ypoqeseis toy, kataballei to (endeiktika) eikosi pente tois ekato (25%) toy posoy ths synolikhs ofeilhs poy anagrafetai sto Ekkaqaristiko Shmeiwma. H katabolh apo ton epithdeymatia toy anaferomenoy sto prohgoymeno edafio posoy, synepagetai thn anepifylakth kai ametaklhth apodoxh toy periexomenoy toy Ekkaqaristikoy Shmeiwmatos, kai thn ryqmish twn parapanw ypoqesewn toy, h opoia kai eperxetai me thn en logw katabolh me thn olosxerh ejoflhsh. H kata ta parapanw katabolh den mporei na ginei peran ths 12hs Noembrioy. Meta thn pareleysh ths proanaferomenhs proqesmias den qa yparxei pleon dynatothta ryqmishs.

    An to poso ths arxikhs synolikhs ofeilhs, einai mexri pente xiliades (5.000) eyrw, se (endeiktika): tessereis (4), kat' anwtato orio, ises mhniaies doseis kai xwris to poso ths kaqe doshs na ypoleipetai twn pentakosiwn (500) eyrw.

    An to poso ths arxikhs synolikhs ofeilhs, einai panw apo pente xiliades (5.000) eyrw kai mexri eikosi xiliades (20.000) eyrw, se (endeiktika): eji (6) ises mhniaies doseis.

    An to poso ths arxikhs synolikhs ofeilhs, einai panw apo eikosi xiliades (20.000) eyrw, se (endeiktika): dwdeka (12) ises mhniaies doseis.

    H prwth dosh kataballetai mexri thn teleytaia ergasimh hmera toy epomenoy mhna apo ekeinon entos toy opoioy to Ekkaqaristiko Shmeiwma egine apodekto kai to argotero mexri 12.11.2010 kai oi ypoloipes mexri thn teleytaia ergasimh hmera twn antistoixwn epomenwn mhnwn, xwris na apaiteitai sxetikh eidopoihsh toy ypoxreoy.

    Se periptwsh poy oloklhro to ofeilomeno kata ta anwterw poso katablhqei mesa sthn proqesmia katabolhs ths prwths doshs, parexetai ekptwsh posostoy deka tois ekato (10%).

    E. OROI RYQMISHS KAI PROSDIORISMOS FOROY ELEGMENWN YPOQESEWN POY EKKREMOYN STA DIKASTHRIA.

    Kaqe ekkremhs elegmenh (me taktiko elegxo) ypoqesh h opoia:

    a) eite ekkremei sto prwtobaqmio dioikhtiko dikasthrio,

    b) eite exei ekdoqei oristikh apofash toy prwtobaqmioy dioikhtikoy dikasthrioy, me thn opoia akyrwqhke h prajh ths forologikhs arxhs gia typiko logo, ryqmizetai oristika me thn katabolh toy kyrioy foroy (xwris prosqetoys foroys h prosayjhseis) kai an prokeitai gia prostimo, me thn katabolh toy 1/5 toy prostimoy.

    g) An exei ekdoqei oristikh apofash toy prwtobaqmioy dikasthrioy me thn opoia aporriptetai h prosfygh en olw h en merei, kai exei askhqei apo ton forologoymeno emproqesmh efesh, h ypoqesh ryqmizetai oristika me thn katabolh toy kyrioy foroy kata to meros poy aporrifqhke me thn prosfygh, prosayjhmenoy kata 20%. An h ypoqesh afora prostimo, ryqmizetai me thn katabolh toy 1/4 toy prostimoy.

    An exei ekdoqei oristikh apofash toy prwtobaqmioy dioikhtikoy dikasthrioy me thn opoia ginetai dekth en olw h en merei h prosfygh gia logoys oysias exei askhqei apo to Dhmosio efesh kai h ypoqesh den exei syzhthqei se a' syzhthsh sto deyterobaqmio dikasthrio, h ypoqesh peraiwnetai me thn katabolh toy 25% toy posoy gia to opoio egine dekth h prosfygh.

    Oi ypoqeseis ths ypoperiptwshs bb' ths periptwshs e' ths paragrafoy A peraiwnontai me ton periorismo sto ogdonta tois ekato (80%) toy arxika epiblhqentos prostimoy K.B.S., ejantloymenhs kaqe peraiterw forologikhs ypoxrewshs gia tis ypoqeseis aytes ws pros ta symplhrwmatika stoixeia poy afora to en logw prostimo.

    Oi ekkremeis enwpion twn Dioikhtikwn Dikasthriwn ypoqeseis qa ryqmistoyn me ypobolh sxetikhs aithsews me ola ta sxetika stoixeia sthn armodia D.O.Y. entos proqesmias enos mhnos apo thn chfish toy nomoy. Gia thn prokatabolh kai tis doseis qa isxyoyn ta idia me tis anelegktes ypoqeseis. H katabolh ths prokatabolhs prepei na ginei mexri 12 Noembrioy 2010.

    Z. RYQMISH LHJIPROQESMWN OFEILWN

    Xreh pros to Dhmosio, poy exoyn bebaiwqei kata tis diatajeis toy Kwdika Eisprajhs Dhmosiwn Esodwn (K.E.D.E.) mexri 30h Septembrioy 2010 stis Dhmosies Oikonomikes Yphresies (D.O.Y.) kai ta Telwneia, kaqws kai xreh yper tritwn poy eisprattontai mesw twn D.O.Y. ryqmizontai meta apo aithsh toy ofeileth, poy ypoballetai mexri 31h Oktwbrioy 2010 sthn armodia D.O.Y. h Telwneio poy einai bebaiwmena kai kataballontai ws akoloyqws:

    1.efapaj me apallagh apo tis prosayjhseis ekproqesmhs katabolhs kata pososto ekato tois ekato (100%) kai ekptwsh apo tyxon prosqetoys foroys h prosqeta telh poy symbebaiwqhkan me thn kyria ofeilh apo to etos 2007 kai meta, kata pososto, poy diaforopoieitai, analoga me to etos bebaiwshs :

    osa bebaiwqhkan entos toy 2007 kata pososto deka sta ekato (10%)

    osa bebaiwqhkan entos toy 2008 kata pososto eikosi sta ekato (20%)

    osa bebaiwqhkan entos toy 2009 kata pososto trianta sta ekato (30%)

    osa bebaiwqhkan entos toy 2010 kata pososto saranta sta ekato (40%)

    2.se dyo (2) ews treis (3) mhniaies doseis, me apallagh apo tis prosayjhseis ekproqesmhs katabolhs kata pososto enenhnta pente tois ekato (95%) kai me elaxisto poso mhniaias doshs triakosia (300) eyrw.

    3 se tesseris (4) ews (12) mhniaies doseis me apallagh posostoy enenhnta tois ekato (90%) twn prosayjhsewn ekproqesmhs katabolhs kai me elaxisto poso mhniaias doshs pentakosia (500) eyrw.

    4 se dekatreis (13) ews eikosi tesseris (24) mhniaies doseis me apallagh posostoy ogdonta tois ekato (80%) twn prosayjhsewn ekproqesmhs katabolhs me elaxisto poso mhniaias doshs pentakosia (500) eyrw.

    5 se eikosi pente (25) ews trianta eji (36) mhniaies doseis me apallagh posostoy ebdomhnta tois ekato (70%) twn prosayjhsewn ekproqesmhs katabolhs, me elaxisto poso mhniaias doshs xilia (1.000) eyrw.

    6 se trianta epta (37) ews saranta saranta pente (45) mhniaies doseis, me apallagh posostoy penhnta tois ekato (50%) twn prosayjhsewn ekproqesmhs katabolhs kai me elaxisto poso mhniaias doshs xilia pentakosia (1.000) eyrw,

    H prwth dosh kataballetai thn hmera ypobolhs ths aithshs gia ypagwgh sth ryqmish, h deyterh dosh mexri thn teleytaia ergasimh hmera toy Noembrioy 2010 , oi de epomenes doseis thn teleytaia ergasimh hmera twn epomenwn mhnwn. Ejairetika h efapaj ejoflhsh ginetai eite thn hmera ypobolhs ths aithshs eite entos pente ergasimwn hmerwn apo ayth kai se kaqe periptwsh mexri thn 5h Noembrioy 2010.

    7. Ston ofeileth poy einai synephs sth ryqmish qa xorhgeitai apodeiktiko enhmerothtas twn ofeilwn toy pros to Dhmosio mhniaias diarkeias ws ejhs :

    a. gia tis ryqmiseis mexri 3 mhnes meta thn katabolh ths 2hs doshs.

    b. gia tis ryqmiseis mexri 6 mhnes meta thn katabolh ths 3hs doshs

    g. gia tis ryqmiseis mexri 12 mhnes meta thn katabolh ths 4hs doshs

    d. gia tis ryqmiseis anw twn 12 mhnwn efoson kata ton xrono xorhghshs toy apodeiktikoy exoyn ejoflhqei oi trexoyses doseis pleon twn dosewn twn dyo epomenwn mhnwn apo thn ryqmish kai pantws meta thn katabolh -6- toylaxiston dosewn.

    Taxyterh ekdikash twn forologikwn ypoqesewn sta dikasthria

    Oi allages sth diadikasia ekdikashs twn forologikwn kai telwneiakwn diaforwn apo ta Dioikhtika Dikasthria poy qa entaxqoyn sto sxedio nomoy toy Ypoyrgeioy Dikaiosynhs, Diafaneias kai Anqrwpinwn Dikaiwmatwn gia thn Tropopoihsh toy Kwdika Dioikhtikhs Dikonomias einai oi akoloyqes:

    " H proswrinh diatagh poy xorhgeitai apo to dikasth stis forologikes kai telwneiakes dikes orioqeteitai xronika. An o dikasths xorhghsei proswrinh diatagh, ayth qa exei isxy gia trianta (30) hmeres. Mesa se ayto to diasthma qa prepei na syzhthqei h aithsh anastolhs diaforetika h proswrinh diatagh payei na isxyei. An syzhthqei mesa stis 30 hmeres h aithsh anastolhs, h apofash toy dikasthrioy prepei na ekdoqei epishs mesa se trianta (30) hmeres.

    " Orioqethsh toy baroys apodeijhs kai ths ejoysias toy dikasthrioy otan dikazei anastolh me antikeimeno forologikh ypoqesh. Payei h genikh kai aoristh anastolh ekteleshs oloklhrhs ths prajhs ths forologikhs arxhs, me thn opoia adranopoioyntai me dikastikh apofash oi eispraktikoi mhxanismoi, ef' olhs ths perioysias toy forologoymenoy. Oi eispraktikoi mhxanismoi, den qa exoyn pia dikaiologia epanapayshs kai qa epiballetai na drasthriopoihqoyn prokeimenoy na eisprajoyn thn ofeilh, epiballontas anagkastika metra sta ypoloipa perioysiaka stoixeia (me ejairesh ekeino h ekeina gia ta opoia to dikasthrio ekrine oti qa synistoyse anepanorqwth blabh kati tetoio).

    " Mia dikh oysias stis forologikes kai telwneiakes diafores. Diafores ews 150.000 eyrw qa dikazontai apo to Trimeles Dioikhtiko Prwtodikeio. Qa epitrepetai monon anairesh. Diafores apo 150.000 eyrw kai anw qa dikazontai se prwto kai teleytaio baqmo apo to Dioikhtiko Efeteio. Anairesh epitrepetai. Me tis ryqmiseis aytes qa syntmhqei o aparadektos shmera xronos ekkremodikias (8 ews 12 xronia) mexri thn ekdosh telesidikhs apofashs, kata ta 2/3 toy. H telesidikh apofash, dhladh, qa ekdidetai to argotero mesa se 3 xronia apo thn kataqesh ths prosfyghs. Forologikh arxh kai forologoymenos qa termatizoyn se anekto xrono th diafora toys, gegonos poy qa symballei kai sthn apotelesmatikh eisprajh twn dhmosiwn esodwn kai sthn dhmioyrgia staqeroy forologikoy periballontos gia toys forologoymenoys.

    " Oxi dikastikh akyrwsh twn prajewn twn forologikwn arxwn gia typikes kai anoysies plhmmeleies. To Dikasthrio prin akyrwsei thn prajh gia typikh plhmmeleia h gia elleich typoy ths diadikasias h gia sygkekrimenh paraleich, qa ejetazei an o forologoymenos epaqe kapoia blabh apo thn paraleich, kai an h blabh poy epaqe mporei na epanorqwqei, mono me thn akyrwsh ths kai thn epanalhch ths ekdoshs ths. An den syntrexoyn aytes oi proypoqeseis h prajh ths forologikhs arxhs den qa akyrwnetai kai to dikasthrio qa dikazei sthn oysia ths thn prosfygh.

    h poy kaloyntai pleon na epwmistoyn.

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    [02] H atzenta ths Tetarths 22/9/2010

  • Episkech toy prwqypoyrgoy G. Papandreoy se Nea Yorkh kai Oyasigkton

    Programma (wres HPA)

    9:00 p.m. Synanthsh me Omogeneis epixeirhmaties (Parker Meridien Hotel)

    12.00 Omilia se ekdhlwsh toy Economic Club ths Neas Yorkhs, h opoia pragmatopoieitai pros timhn toy Prwqypoyrgoy (Plaza Hotel)

    3:00 m.m. Synanthsh me ton Proedro ths Kypriakhs Dhmokratias, Dhmhtrh Xristofia (Regency Hotel)

    4:30 m.m. Synanthsh me ton Proedro ths Dhmokratias ths Toyrkias, Abdullah Gul (kthrio OHE)

    5:30 m.m. Synanthsh me ton Prwqypoyrgo ths Albanias, Sali Berisha (kthrio OHE)

    6:00 m.m. Dejiwsh pros timhn ths Omogeneias (Geniko Projeneio)

    7:00 m.m. Dejiwsh toy Idrymatos Clinton se Arxhgoys Kratwn kai Kybernhsewn (Moyseio Monternas Texnhs MoMA)

  • Periodeia ths gg ths KE toy KKE Alekas Paparhga se Kozanh kai Ptolemaida. Qa milhsei sthn kentrikh plateia ths Kozanhs alla kai se sygkentrwsh gynaikwn sthn Ptolemaida.

  • Dikes Kenterh-Qanoy-Tzekh, kai paradikastikoy

  • Kinhtopoihseis idiokthtwn forthgwn DX sto Syntagma kai se diafores perioxes ths Elladas.

  • To Ypoyrgeio Perifereiakhs Anaptyjhs & Antagwnistikothtas kai h yphresia diaxeirishs twn epixeirhsiakwn programmatwn toy stoxoy ``Eyrwpaikh Edafikh Synergasia'', diorganwnoyn tis ethsies ekdhlwseis twn diakratikwn Programmatwn Eyrwpaikhs Edafikhs Synergasias "MED" kai "South East Europe". Qessalonikh/Jenodoxeio "Makedonia Palas"

    09:00:00 H Genikh Grammateia Isothtas twn Fylwn diorganwnei hmerida me qema "Eqniko Programma gia thn Oysiastikh Isothta twn Fylwn 2010-2013". Sthn hmerida qa apeyqynoyn xairetismo, o Ypoyrgos Dikaiosynhs, Diafaneias kai Anqrwpinwn Dikaiwmatwn k. Xaralampos Kastanidhs kai o Eidikos Grammateas Dioikhtikhs Metarryqmishs, toy Ypoyrgeioy Eswterikwn, Apokentrwshs kai Hlektronikhs Diakybernhshs k. Stefanos Gkritzalhs. Aqhna/Genikh Grammateia Epikoinwnias

    09:30:00 Sto plaisio toy eortasmoy ths Eyrwpaikhs Ebdomadas Kinhtikothtas kai ths "Hmeras Xwris Aytokinhto", qa doqei synenteyjh Typoy, sthn Aiqoysa ths Sygklhtoy toy Aristoteleioy Panepisthmioy, apo ton yfypoyrgo Ypodomwn, Metaforwn kai Diktywn kai kaqhghth A.P.Q. Spyro Boygia, ton prytanh toy A.P.Q., Giannh Mylopoylo kai ta melh ths neosystaqeisas Epitrophs Biwsimhs Kinhtikothtas toy A.P.Q. Qessalonikh/APQ

    Oi dhmoi toy poleodomikoy sygkrothmatos Qessalonikhs, to Symboylio Astikwn Sygkoinwniwn Qessalonikhs (S.A.S.Q.) kai alloi foreis ths polhs diorganwnoyn diafores ekdhlwseis gia thn "Hmera xwris Aytokinhto", me thn opoia oloklhrwnetai h Ebdomada Kinhtikothtas.

    10:30:00 H ypoyrgos Paideias, Anna Diamantopoyloy qa episkefqei to Eqniko Idryma Neothtas. Aqhna/Tsoxa 36

    11:00:00 H ypoyrgos PEKA Tina Mpirmpilh qa paroysiaseito programma periballontikwn anaplasewn kai parembasewn "Qessalonikh 2012". Qessalonikh/Olympion (Plateia Aristoteloys 10)

    11:00:00 Synenteyjh Typoy gia thn periodikh ekqesh "Dynamh, swma, kinhsh" paraxwroyn h antidhmarxia Politismoy toy dhmoy Qessalonikhs, to Olympiako Moyseio kai o syllogos apofoitwn Sxolhs Kalwn Texnwn APQ. H ekqesh einai entagmenh sto programma twn "20wn Alejandreiwn" toy dhmoy Qessalonikhs. Qessalonikh/Olympiako Moyseio (Ag. Dhmhtrioy & 3hs Septembrioy)

    12:00:00 Synenteyjh Typoy toy dhmarxoy Aqhnaiwn N. Kaklamanh kai toy proedroy toy DS toy Kentroy Meleths & Ereynas Ellhnikoy Qeatroy-Qeatrikoy Moyseioy K. Gewrgoysopoyloy, me thn eykairia ths paraxwrhshs apo ton dhmo kthrioy (ekei opoy qa ginei h synenteyjh) gia th stegash to Qeatrikoy Moyseioy kai me qema th dhmioyrgia sygxronoy moyseiakoy xwroy sthn kardia ths Aqhnas. Aqhna/Mhtropolews 44 & Petrakh

    12:00:00 Synenteyjh gia to 2o dieqnes festibal dromoy. Aqhna/Pneymatiko kentro Dhmoy Aqhnaiwn

    12:00:00 Synenteyjh Typoy gia to 12o Dieqnes Festibal Koykloqeatroy kai Pantomimas, poy diorganwnei o dhmos Kilkis. To fetino festibal qa diarkesei apo tis 24 Septembrioy ews tis 5 Oktwbrioy 2010. Symmetexoyn qiasoi apo thn Korea, th Rwsia, thn Ispania, thn Aystria, th Germania, th Norbhgia kai thn Ellada. Qessalonikh/"Panellhnion" (Salaminos 4)

    12:00:00 Synenteyjh Typoy toy syllogoy filwn ths germanikhs sxolhs Qessalonikhs, me aformh th fetinh "giorth ths mpiras" (Oktoberfest - Sabbato 25/09 - apo tis 11:00 m.m.). Qessalonikh/Ladadika/estiatorio "Zyqos".

    12:00:00 Synenteyjh Typoy ergazomenwn ston "Ag. Pantelehmona". Qessalonikh/EDOQ

    12:00:00 Anakoinwsh ypochfiwn perifereiakwn symboylwn syndyasmoy "Dynamh gia thn Perifereia K. Makedonias- Panagiwths Cwmiadhs". Qessalonikh/Porto Palace

    12:00:00 Paroysiash Biblioqhkhs Idrymatos Wnash (prwhn Sylloghs Bibliwn Kwnstantinoy Sp. Staikoy). Aqhna/Idryma Wnash (L. Amalias 56)

    12:00:00 Paroysiash ths ekdoshs "Arxeia. Phges gnwseis, phges mnhmhs". Synenteyjh Typoy gia thn ekdosh apo ton proedro toy DS ths EtT Basilh Rapano. Aqhna/Megaro Diomhdh (3h Septembrioy 146).

    12:30:00 Synenteyjh gia thn Hmera Ellhnikoy Emporioy qa doqei apo koinoy apo ton ypoyrgo Perifereiakhs Anaptyjhs kai Antagwnistikothtas M. Xrysoxoidh kai ton proedro ths ESEE B.Korkidh. Aqhna/Mhtropolews 42

    13:30:00 Synenteyjh Typoy ths mh kerdoskopikhs Ellhnikhs Etaireias Aerodiasthmikhs Iatrikhs kai Diasthmikwn Ereynwn, en ocei ths diorganwshs toy 6oy dieqnoys synedrioy aerodiasthmikhs iatrikhs. Eishghtes qa einai metajy allwn h diashmh iatros - astronayths Chiaki Mukai kai o Eyrwpaios astronayths Frank de Winne. Qessalonikh/MET Hotel (Aiqoysa Zefyros)

    14:00:00 O Proedros ths Dhmokratias Karolos Papoylias, qa dexqei ton proedro toy Dioikhtikoy Symboylioy & Dieyqynonta Symboylo ths D.E.H. k. Arqoyro Zerbo. Aqhna/Proedriko Megaro

    17:00:00 Synedriash ths Kentrikhs Politikhs Epitrophs toy Synaspismoy me qema ``Perifereies - Katalhjh ypochfiothtwn''. Oi ergasies ths synedriashs qa anoijoyn me omilia toy proedroy toy SYN Alejh Tsipra. Aqhna/jenodoxeio Athens Imperial

    17:00:00 YPEKA - Eyrwpaikh Ebdomada Metakinhshs - Enarjh pilotikoy programmatos dwrean diaqeshs podhlatwn se epibates mesws mazikhs metaforas, poy organwnei h TRAM AE. Aqhna/P. Falhro/Marina Floisboy

    18:00:00 Hmerida gia thn Politikh Prostasia syndiorganwnoyn oi armodies dieyqynseis ths Perifereias KM, toy kentrikoy dhmoy kai ths nomarxias Qessalonikhs. Kentrikos omilhths qa einai o Germanos eidikos Bolfgkangk Laxmoynt. Qessalonikh/Pylaia/Amfiqetro EKAB

    19:00:00 O dr. Kristof Gkalfar, qa milhsei se neoys me qema ``apo th gennhsh twn astrwn sta nefh toy oyranoy: ena kosmiko tajidi gia thn katanohsh toy klimatos'', me thn eykairia toy neoy toy best seller me titlo ``O prigkipas twn nefwn''. O K. Gkalfar einai astrofysikos kai syggrafeas, maqhths toy Stephen Hawking'', kai erxetai proskeklhmenos toy Gallikoy Institoytoy, ths Biblioqhkhs toy Eygenidioy Idrymatos kai twn ekdosewn Kalenth. Aqhna/amf. toy Eygenidioy (Syggroy 387)

    19:00:00 Ekdhlwsh me qema "H gennhsh ths thleorashs sthn Ellada" syndiorganwnoyn to Idryma "Kentro Diadoshs Episthmwn kai Moyseio Texnologias" kai to Swmateio "Filoi toy Texnikoy Moyseioy Qessalonikhs", me aformh th symlhrwsh 50 xronwn apo thn egkatastash kai leitoyrgia apo thn DEH toy peiramatikoy staqmoy thleorashs sth DEQ. Qessalonikh/ktirio toy Idrymatos "Kentro Diadoshs Episthmwn kai Moyseio Texnologias"(apenanti apo to Mediterranean Cosmos)

    19:00:00 O dhmos Wraiokastroy Qessalonikhs diorganwnei, sthn aioysa ekdhlwsewn toy dhmarxeioy, enhmerwtikh hmerida gia thn paidikh paxysarkia kai th diatrofh.

    19:00:00 Ekdhlwsh me qema ``Klimatikh Allagh kai oi filikes pros to periballon metafores'' diorganwnei to Bretaniko Symboylio, sto plaisio ths drashs "To Treno ths Klimatikhs Allaghs: Ellada-Toyrkia 2010", toy dieqnoys programmatos toy, "Challenge Europe". H ekdhlwsh pragmatopoieitai se synergasia me to Festibal Kinhmatografoy Qessalonikhs. Qessalonikh/Olympion/Aiqoysa P. Zannas

    Koinoboyleytiko ergo

    10:00 (olomeleia) OLOKLHRWSH NS gia metafores

    12.00 (150) EJETASTIKH EPITROPH "GIA THN PLHRH DIEREYNHSH THS YPOQESHS TWN OMOLOGWN": Ejetash martyrwn.

    13.00 (Geroysias) EPITROPH PARAGWGHS KAI EMPORIOY KAI H EIDIKH MONIMH EPITROPH QESMWN KAI DIAFANEIAS: Misqwsh kai ajiopoihsh toy Dhmosioy Lignitwryxeioy ths Beyhs (perioxh Flwrinas).

    Enhmerwsh apo thn Ypoyrgo kai ton Yfypoyrgo Periballontos, Energeias kai Klimatikhs Allaghs, kyria Kwnstantina Mpirmpilh kai k. Iwannh Maniath, gia th mexri twra proodo kai to xronodiagramma twn epomenwn energeiwn.

    14.00 (151) EPITROPH "GIA TH DIENERGEIA PROKATARKTIKHS EJETASHS KATA PRWHN YPOYRGWN GIA THN ENDEXOMENH TELESH ADIKHMATWN SXETIKA ME THN YPOQESH THS MONHS BATOPEDIOY": Ejetash martyrwn.

    AQLHTIKH ATZENTA

  • Mpasket-Kypello Andrwn (B' fash - 1h hmera)

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    [03] Klimakwnoyn tis kinhtopoihseis oi metaforeis

    Paramenoyn apo xqes to meshmeri ejw apo th Boylh, oi idiokthtes forthgwn kai bytioforwn Dhmosias Xrhshs, oi opoioi zhtoyn thn aposyrsh toy nomosxedioy gia thn apeleyqerwsh twn odikwn metaforwn, to opoio anamenetai na chfistei shmera.

    Ejalloy, me apofash ths Epitrophs Agwna Idiokthtwn Forthgwn kai Bytioforwn oi metaforeis klimakwnoyn tis kinhtopoihseis toys, kleinontas dromoys me ta forthga toys.

    Stis 12:45, oi metaforeis proxwrhsan se apokleismo ths eqnikhs odoy Aqhnwn-Lamias, sto ycos ths Metamorfwshs, kai ths Aqhnwn-Korinqoy, ston Skaramagka.

    Parallhla, h astynomia exei kinhtopoihqei se ola ta shmeia, opoy yparxoyn mploka, gia na empodisei poreia twn forthgwn h apokleismoy kai allwn dromwn

    Sto metajy, o ariqmos twn diadhlwtwn anamenetai na ayjhqei argotera, otan sto Syntagma qa katalhjei kai h poreia twn ergazomenwn ston OSE, oi opoioi epeita apo diamartyria poy qa pragmatopoihsoyn ejw apo to ypoyrgeio Ergasias, qa enwsoyn tis dynameis toys ejw apo th Boylh me toys idiokthtes forthgwn.

    Epishs, oi paragwgoi agrotikwn proiontwn laikwn agorwn pragmatopoioyn sygkentrwsh diamartyrias ejw apo to ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn, sthn odo Nikhs.

    Kleistes paramenoyn h Amalias, h Nikhs kai h Bas. Sofias mexri thn Akadhmias sthn anodo.

    Antiparaqesh sth Boylh

    Oloklhrwqhke h diadikasia chfishs epi ths arxhs toy nomosxedioy. Yper chfisan oi boyleytes toy PASOK kai ths ND. Meta apo aithma toy LAOS h chfoforia htan onomastikh. Onomastikh chfoforia qa ginei meta apo aithma ths ND kai epi toy epimaxoy arqroy 14, poy symperilambanei kai ta dyo sxetika aithmata twn metaforewn.

    Xqes, prwth hmera syzhthshs toy nomosxedioy sth Boylh, shmeiwqhke entonh antiparaqesh shmeiwqhke sth Boylh anamesa sthn kybernhsh kai thn antipoliteysh.

    O ypoyrgos Ypodomwn kai Metaforwn Dhmhtrhs Reppas, epemeine oti den yparxoyn periqwria gia allages, tonise oti ``einai wra eyqynhs gia oloys kommata kai koinwnikoys foreis kai oxi chfoqhrias'' enw anefere oti, me tis aitiaseis gia epimhkynsh ths metabatikhs periodoy ``epidiwketai enas neos kyklos sygkroyshs se mia allh xronikh periodo''.

    Apo thn pleyra ths, sysswmh h antipoliteysh zhthse na ginoyn apodekta ta dyo basika aithmata twn metaforewn, gia 5eth metabatikh periodo kai diathrhsh toy 35% ths aylhs ajias twn adeiwn toys, kathgorwntas thn kybernhsh gia alazoneia kai adiallajia.

    Ejalloy, opws prokyptei apo tis dhlwseis twn syndikalistwn, tria einai ta basika zhthmata sta opoia antidroyn entona me tis diatajeis toy nomosxedioy.

    Prwton einai h problech gia mhdenismo ths aylhs ajias ths adeias, meta thn parodo ths 3etoys periodoy prosarmoghs twn epaggelmatiwn sto neo kaqestws. Oi metaforeis zhtoyn apo thn kybernhsh na parameinei sto telos ayths ths periodoy to 35% ths ajias ths adeias, h opoia prin apo ligo kairo kostize apo 200 ews 300 xiliades eyrw.

    Deyteron zhtoyn na parataqei apo 3 se 5 xronia h periodos prosarmoghs, wste na exoyn to xrono na organwqoyn kalytera sta nea dedomena poy problepei o nomos. Malista diateinontai oti sthn oysia den einai tria xronia, alla 27 mhnes, kaqws h periodos prosarmoghs den arxizei apo thn chfish toy nomosxedioy, alla apo thn arxh toy 2010.

    Triton, ekfrazoyn foboys oti me to anoigma ths sygkekrimenhs agoras qa mporoyn na elqoyn sthn Ellada polyeqnikes etairies, oi opoies me mhdenikh ajia ths adeias qa dhmioyrghsoyn megales etairies, pairnontas apo aytoys to metaforiko ergo.

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    [04] Staseis ergasias ston OSE

    Arxizei shmera o kyklos twn kinhtopoihsewn, me th morfh epanalambanomenwn stasewn ergasias, twn ergazomenwn ston OSE, poy diamartyrontai gia tis ryqmiseis poy prowqei h kybernhsh sto plaisio eksygxronismoy, anadiorganwshs kai anaptyjhs toy ellhnikoy sidhrodromoy.

    Gia shmera exei ejaggelqei 5wrh stash ergasias apo tis 12 to meshmeri kai sthn opoia qa symmetasxoyn oloi oi ergazomenoi. Ayto exei ws synepeia na katarghqoyn dekades dromologia, symperilambanomenwn kai twn dieqnwn, ths TRAINOSE kai toy Proastiakoy, enw kata th diarkeia ths stashs ergasias to Metro den qa ektelei to dromologio apo to staqmo ths Doykisshs Plakentias ews to aerodromio, kaqws to diktyo anhkei ston OSE kai opws anakoinwse den mporei na ejasfalisei thn Yphresia Kykloforias gia tis amajostoixies ths AMEL.

    Oi staseis ergasias qa synexistoyn kai ayrio (Pempth), ayth th fora apo toys mhxanodhgoys. Qa kanoyn 5wrh stash ergasias apo tis 11 to prwi, me to idio apotelesma, dhladh dekades dromologia ths TRAINOSE kai toy Proastiakoy na mhn ektelestoyn.

    To epibatiko koino poy prokeitai na tajidecei me ta trena toy OSE, kalo qa einai na epikoinwnei prwta me ta kata topoys grafeia toy Organismoy, prokeimenoy na apofygei piqanh talaipwria.

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    [05] Dinoyn elpides

    Ollandoi kai Germanoi episthmones anakalycan ena enzymo poy eyqynetai gia ton qanato twn neyrikwn kyttarwn meta apo ena egkefaliko epeisodio kai eyelpistoyn oti ena neo peiramatiko farmako, to opoio petyxe na meiwsei drastika thn egkefalikh zhmia sta pontikia, qa mporesei na leitoyrghsei kai stoys anqrwpoys mellontika.

    To egkefaliko einai to pio synhqismeno kardiaggeiako problhma meta to emfragma kai skotwnei peripoy 5,7 ekatommyria anqrwpoys se olo ton kosmo kaqe xrono. Oi mexri twra prospaqeies na dhmioyrghqoyn farmaka poy qa prostateyoyn ton egkefalo meta apo tis blabes poy prokalei ena egkefaliko, exoyn mikrh epityxia. Ayth th fora, oi episthmones anakoinwsan oti akoloyqoyn mia nea proseggish, poy fainetai pio elpidofora.

    Oi ereynhtes, ypo ton Xaralnt Smit toy ollandikoy panepisthmioy toy Maastrixt kai ton Kristof Klaisnits toy germanikoy panepisthmioy toy Birtsmpoyrgk, se meleth poy paroysiasan sto periodiko biologias "PLoS Biology", symfwna me to praktoreio Roiter, anaferoyn oti, opws edeijan ta peiramata toys se pontikia, to peiramatiko farmako VAS2870, poy exei anaptyxqei apo th germanikh etairia farmakeytikhs biotexnologias Vasopharm, mporese na periorisei thn egkefalikh zhmia kai na diathrhsei tis leitoyrgies toy egkefaloy twn peiramatozwwn, akoma kai otan xorhghqhke arketes wres meta to egkefaliko.

    "Oi endeijeis einai poly isxyres oti o idios mhxanismos mporei na isxyei kai gia to anqrwpino egkefaliko", dhlwsan oi ereynhtes. To isxaimiko epeisodio einai h kyrioterh morfh egkefalikoy, poy prokaleitai apo ena qrombo h allh aitia mplokarismatos ths rohs toy aimatos ston egkefalo. H monadikh oysiastika diaqesimh qerapeia poy yparxei shmera, einai to antiqrombwtiko farmako t-PA, to opoio omws prepei na xorhghqei entos triwn to poly wrwn meta to egkefaliko, me synepeia mono to 5% ews 10% twn asqenwn na to pairnoyn telika.

    Oi episthmones poy antimetwpizoyn ayth thn elleich apotelesmatikwn farmakwn, ereynoyn kata poso oi blabes stoys egkefalikoys istoys meta to egkefaliko sxetizontai me ton mhxanismo toy "ojeidwtikoy stres" poy katastrefei ta egkefalika kyttara. Mexri twra orismena peiramatika farmaka poy dokimasthkan, apetyxan na katasteiloyn ton ojeidwtiko mhxanismo, omws h nea ereyna gia prwth fora fainetai na anakalyce thn phgh toy problhmatos, entopizontas to enzymo NOX4.

    To mplokarisma toy sygkekrimenoy enzymoy me to neo peiramatiko farmako VAS2870 petyxe th drastikh meiwsh ths egkefalikhs zhmias sta peiramatozwa meta to egkefaliko. Oi ereynhtes epishs diapistwsan oti h afairesh toy gonidioy poy syndeetai me to enzymo NOX4 sta pontikia, den prokalei alles anwmalies, pragma poy deixnei oti "den prepei na anamenontai orates parenergeies apo ena mellontiko farmako poy qa mplokarei to enzymo NOX4", symfwna me toys episthmones.

    "H nea proseggish estiazei sto na diathrhsei anepafoys toys neyrwnes kai tis egkefalikes leitoyrgies. Deijame oti an entopisei kaneis thn pragmatikh phgh toy ojeidwtikoy stres, tote yparxoyn dynhtika terastia ofelh an mporeseis na thn mplokareis", dhlwse o Smit. Prosqese epishs oti h sygkekrimenh anakalych mporei na exei epiptwseis kai se alles paqhseis poy qewroyntai oti sxetizontai me to ojeidwtiko stres, opws ta emfragmata kai merikes morfes karkinoy h oi neyroekfylistikes nosoi opws to Parkinson kai to Altsxaimer.

    Link: Gia thn prwtotyph episthmonikh ergasia sth dieyqynsh: http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pbio.1000479

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