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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-12-02

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Idryetai h Oikonomikh Astynomia
  • [02] Ayjhsh 19,5% sta esoda
  • [03] Paratash gia toys hmiypaiqrioys
  • [04] M.Qeodwrakhs: Kinhma Politwn
  • [05] H epikindynh pleyra toy kybernoxwroy
  • [06] Paixnidia xwris...aproopta
  • [07] "Toy kosmoy ta Tamata"

    [01] Idryetai h Oikonomikh Astynomia

    Ston proedro ths Dhmokratias prowqeitai gia ypografh sxedio diatagmatos to opoio problepei thn idrysh kai leitoyrgia Oikonomikhs Astynomias kai Diwjhs Hlektronikoy Egklhmatos.

    Me to sxedio poy ypografei o ypoyrgos Prostasias toy Polith, Xrhstos Papoytshs, ginetai prajh h desmeysh toy prwqypoyrgoy gia idrysh Oikonomikhs Astynomias h opoia qa exei eyrytates armodiothtes kai eyelijia drashs se panelladikh klimaka. Kyrios stoxos na ktyphqei to oikonomiko egklhma to opoio ephreazei arnhtika thn eqnikh oikonomia kai to dhmosio symferon. Parallhlos stoxos einai h katapolemhsh toy hlektronikoy egklhmatos poy exei labei sobares diastaseis.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form

    [02] Ayjhsh 19,5% sta esoda

    Ayjhsh kata 19,5% (5 dis. eyrw) shmeiwsan ta esoda ton Noembrio se ethsia bash. Sta esoda toy Noembrioy perilambanontai ta peripoy 700 ekat. eyrw twn prokatabolwn gia thn peraiwsh twn ekkremwn forologikwn ypoqesewn.

    Idiaitera shmantikh htan, ejalloy, h ayjhsh, kata 10,4%, ton Noembrio twn esodwn apo FPA, gegonos poy katadeiknyei thn apotelesmatikothta twn elegxwn apo to SDOE kai ta synergeia twn Eforiwn. Sto telos toy 11mhnoy efetos, ta forologika esoda anerxontan se 45,5 dis. kai htan ayjhmena kata 5% se sygkrish me thn antistoixh periodo perysi.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form

    [03] Paratash gia toys hmiypaiqrioys

    Paratash mexri tis 28/12/2010 gia thn taxydromikh ypobolh twn dikaiologhtikwn gia thn taktopoihsh twn hmiypaiqriwn xwrwn dinei h tropologia toy ypoyrgeioy Periballontos poy enswmatwqhke sto nomosxedio toy ypoyrgeioy Ypodomwn gia thn odikh asfaleia, kai to opoio chfisthke thn Tetarth sth Boylh.

    Me thn idia tropologia, ayjanontai epishs oi doseis kaqws kai h diarkeia apoplhrwmhs toy eidikoy prostimoy.

    Eidikotera, gia ta akinhta katoikias to eidiko prostimo qa kataballetai se deka doseis anti eji opws isxye arxika, enw h synolikh diarkeia apoplhrwmhs toy ayjanetai apo 18 se 30 mhnes.

    Gia ta akinhta allhs xrhshs plhn ths katoikias, oi doseis toy eidikoy prostimoy ayjanontai apo eji se oktw kai h diarkeia ths synolikhs apoplhrwmhs toys ayjanetai apo 24 se 32 mhnes.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form

    [04] M.Qeodwrakhs: Kinhma Politwn

    Thn idrysh Kinhmatos Anejarthtwn Politwn anakoinwse o moysikosynqeths Mikhs Qeodwrakhs.

    O k. Qeodwrakhs, sthn omilia toy, kalese toys Ellhnes se "anypakoh" apenanti stis kybernhtikes apofaseis, oi opoies, opws eipe, proerxontai apo tis HPA, to Dieqnes Nomismatiko Tameio kai thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh, kai "ekxwroyn ta eqnika mas kyriarxika dikaiwmata stis jenes dynameis".

    Sthn omilia toy, poy dihrkese dyomisi wres, o Mikhs Qeodwrakhs aneptyje tis qeseis toy Kinhmatos, to opoio, opws anefere, den aposkopei sto na metatrapei se politiko komma.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form

    [05] H epikindynh pleyra toy kybernoxwroy

    Diadiktyakh perihghsh anhlikwn se akatallhlo yliko, hlektroniko "carema" eyalwtwn atomwn, paidikh pornografia. H zoferh pleyra toy kybernoxwroy, poy fwtizetai syxna pykna me th dhmosiopoihsh newn kroysmatwn, ta opoia synistoyn egklhma.

    Dedomenoy oti me kaqe tetoia eidhsh sta astynomika deltia amfisbhteitai h asfaleia twn newn, poy apoteloyn to megalytero tmhma twn xrhstwn toy Internet, to APE-MPE anazhthse ton epikefalhs ths Yphresias Diwjhs Hlektronikoy egklhmatos, astynomiko dieyqynth, Mano Sfakianakh, gia na antlhsei symboyles gia asfalh perihghsh ston kybernoxwro.

    Gnwsths toy diadiktyoy, oso kaneis allos, me paqos gia thn ereyna kai ton entopismo twn hlektronikwn enoxwn, me plhrh katartish twn meqodwn anixneyshs kai ejixniashs chfiakhs parabatikothtas, qewreitai ameiliktos kynhgos twn xakers kai twn kyklwmatwn paiderastias. Ejalloy, gia tis epityxies ths Yphresias toy k. Sfakianakh, h Ellada exei diakriqei se dieqnes epipedo.

    H basikh toy symboylh pros toys xrhstes einai "h plhrhs xrhsh toy me thn ajiopoihsh olwn twn newn texnologiwn, se syndyasmo me thn enhmerwsh, gia na lambanoyn mono ta ofelh toy mesoy". Allwste, opws epishmainei, h apofash ths ELAS na dhmioyrghsei Yphresia h opoia xrhsimopoiei efarmoges diadiktyoy gia na antimetwpisei oles tis chfiakes egklhmatikes energeies, "aposkopei sthn prostasia twn xrhstwn apo diafora atyxh peristatika".

    O oros "hlektroniko egklhma" perilambanei oles tis egklhmatikes prajeis, oi opoies timwroyntai apo thn ellhnikh nomoqesia. Einai ajiopoines prajeis, poy teloyntai me th xrhsh hlektronikwn ypologistwn kai systhmatwn epejergasias dedomenwn. Analoga, de, me ton tropo teleshs toys diaxwrizontai se egklhma me xrhsh H/R (computer crime) kai se kybernoegklhma (cyber crime), ean telesthke mesw toy diadiktyoy. Gnwrisma ths teleytaias periptwshs einai oti diaprattetai se deyterolepta, syxna xwris na ginetai antilhpth apo to qyma. Ta xarakthristika ths einai oti mporei na diapraxqei xwris th metakinhsh toy drasth apo ton xwro toy kai parexei th dynatothta se atoma me idiaiterothtes, opws oi paidofiloi, na epikoinwnoyn grhgora, eykola kai anejoda me parallhlh syzhthsh metajy toys (chat rooms). Epipleon, oi xrhstes emfanizontai me ceydh stoixeia, ta opoia mporoyn na aroyn taytoxrona se polloys topoys. "Wstoso, afhnoyn chfiaka ixnh. Ayta apoteloyn kai ton stoxo ths ereynas mas. To ixnos ayto gia kaqe xrhsth toy Internet einai monadiko kai apotelei shmantiko stoixeio gia thn apodeiktikh diadikasia sto dikasthrio. Dhladh, IP ADDRESS: DIEYQYNSH IP+WRA+HMEROMHNIA=Monadiko anagnwristiko stoixeio taytothtas enos xrhsth Internet", shmeiwnei o k. Sfakianakhs.

    Bebaiws, yparxei eyreia synergasia ths Yphresias me synarmodioys eqnikoys kai dieqneis foreis gia thn katapolemhsh toy egklhmatos "xwris patrida", opws einai synhqws ayto, poy diaprattetai ston kybernoxwro.

    Sthn periptwsh poy ginetai antilhpth kapoia paranomh energeia sto diadiktyo, kaqe poliths mporei na epikoinwnei me thn Yphresia sth Genikh Astynomikh Dieyqynsh Attikhs (Lewf. Alejandras 173 h sto thl. 210 6476000.

    Wstoso, o k. Sfakianakhs ypogrammizei: "Emeis protrepoyme oloys toys xrhstes na enhmerwnontai, prokeimenoy na prolaboyn kai na apofygoyn toys chfiakoys kindynoys. Na mhn apotrepoyn ta paidia toys apo to na perihgoyntai sto diadiktyo, alla na enhmerwnontai oi idioi se qemata texnologias, wste na mporoyn na elegxoyn tis epafes toys kai na ta profylajoyn, symmetexontas".

    Shmeiwnei pws to Internet den einai enas skoteinos, asafhs xwros, epeidh den einai gnwstos. "Aplws, einai kati kainoyrgio. H xrhsh toy den anoigei monon ena paraqyro ston kosmo. Fernei ton kosmo dipla. Oi neoi to gnwrizoyn kai to apolambanoyn se olo toy to eyros. Mesa apo ayto zoyn se mia allh sfaira, entypwsiazontai, enhmerwnontai, apoktoyn neoys filoys, epikoinwnoyn me atoma h omades, morfwnontai, dhmioyrgoyn, paragoyn. Qa htan idanikos "topos" an den ejelissotan parallhla me to egklhma syxna se baros paidiwn. Gi ayto apaiteitai kyriws h prosoxh twn enhlikwn". Ejalloy, h Omada Drashs gia thn Chfiakh Asfaleia apotelei kombo enhmerwshs kai prolhchs twn politwn gia asfalh xrhsh twn newn texnologiwn. Ta melh ths Omadas synergazontai me foreis poy drasthriopoioyntai sto tomea ths chfiakhs asfaleias (opws o Eqnikos Kombos Asfaloys Diadiktyoy SaferInternet, to Panellhnio Sxoliko Diktyo toy YPEPQ, h Genikh Grammateia Katanalwth YPAN, h Enwsh Ellhnikwn Trapezwn kai to Xamogelo toy Paidioy).

    Oi symboyles, poy apeyqynoyn oi eidikoi pros toys goneis einai:

  • Krathste ton hlektroniko ypologisth se xwroys, opoy sygkentrwnetai olh h oikogeneia, opws to saloni, afierwste xrono na perihghqeite mazi me ta paidia sas ston kybernoxwro kai maqete apo ayta.

  • Bebaiwqeite pws ta paidia sas einai enhmera oti prepei na problhmatizontai kai na anhsyxoyn gia agnwstoys, poy "synantoyn" mesw toy hlektronikoy ypologisth. Opws, ta paidia den prepei na anoigoyn thn porta toy spitioy otan agnwstoi th xtypoyn, etsi den prepei na dinoyn se agnwstoys proswpikes plhrofories.

  • Na prosexoyn idiaitera otan ta paidia xrhsimopoioyn ta chatrooms (dwmatia synomilias), xwris thn epiblech toys. Na mhn afhnoyn ta paidia na synanthsoyn kapoion, poy gnwrisan mesw toy Internet, xwris na einai kai oi idioi mazi.

  • Na enqarrynoyn ta paidia na protimoyn tis istoselides, poy eseis oi idioi krinoyn oti einai xrhsimes kai oxi aytes, poy qewroyn anarmostes.

  • Na egkatasthsoyn ston ypologisth kapoio logismiko filtro, poy apagoreyei thn prospelash se sygkekrimenes selides toy Internet.

  • Na syzhthsoyn me ta paidia toys gia toys kindynoys toy Internet, wste na toys katanohsoyn kai ta idia.

  • Na gnwrizoyn poioys prepei na enhmerwsoyn kai en anagkh na kataggeiloyn, se periptwsh poy synanthsoyn paranomo periexomeno sto Internet.

    Epipleon,

    1. Oi goneis prepei na gnwrizoyn pws ofeiloyn na xrhsimopoioyn tis teleytaies ekdoseis twn programmatwn plohghshs kai na energopoioyn ta xarakthristika asfaleias (p.x. parental control software).

    2. Na dhmioyrgoyn diaforetikoys logariasmoys xrhstwn me diaforetikoys kwdikoys gia toys idioys (diaxeirisths-administrator) kai ta paidia toys (xrhsths -user) wste na exoyn ton elegxo toy ypologisth (px egkatastash newn programmatwn, wres xrhshs ypologisth ka)

    3. Na qespisoyn kanones symmetoxhs se hlektronika paixnidia (kyriws sxetika me ton xrono, poy mporei na afierwsei to kaqe melos ths oikogeneias sto paixnidi).

    4. Prin agorasoyn ena hlektroniko paixnidi, na elegjoyn th syskeyasia, opoy anagrafetai h hlikia gia thn opoia einai katallhloi.

    5. Na rwtoyn gia th xrhsh toy Diadiktyoy gnwstoys kai filoys kai na enhmerwnontai mesa apo thn hlektronikh selida www.dart.gov.gr, sthn opoia yparxei amesh epafh me thn Omada Drashs gia thn Chfiakh Asfaleia

    Praktikes symboyles gia paidia

    Syxna h xrhsh toy Internet , (facebook, twitter, paignidiwn k.a.) aporrofa to paidi kai ton xrono toy se baros ths pragmatikhs epikoinwnias. Toy prosferei mia eikonikh pragmatikothta kai apojenwsh apo to periballon toy kaqistwntas to eykolo qyma twn qhreytwn.

    Etsi, ofeiloyn:

    " Na ejhgoyn stoys goneis toys tis empeiries toys kata thn periplanhsh toys sto Internet.

    " Na miloyn stoys goneis h se kapoion enhlika gia eikones h keimena, poy briskoyn sto Internet kai toys anhsyxoyn h toys fobizoyn.

    " Na diafylassoyn tis proswpikes toys plhrofories. Pote na mhn dinoyn to onoma, th dieyqynsh, to onoma toy sxoleioy toys, to thlefwno toys, h fwtografies se agnwstoys, poy synantoyn sto Internet, akomh kai zhthqoyn.

    " Na kratoyn ton kwdiko eisodoy ston ypologisth toys mystiko. Einai san to kleidi toy spitioy toys, poy den qa daneizan se kanenan.

    " Mono me thn adeia kai thn paroysia twn goniwn na symfwnoyn kapoion/kapoia, poy gnwrisan sto Internet.

    " Na prosexoyn otan miloyn mesw chatroom h email. Na diakoptoyn th synomilia, otan kapoioi toys kanoyn na niwqete abola.

    " Na mhn empisteyontai o,ti diabazoyn sto Internet. Na maqoyn na blepoyn to periexomeno me kritiko mati.

    Mikroi h megaloi, pantws, xrhstes toy diadiktyoy qa prepei na gnwrizoyn pws ofeiloyn na mh diakinoyn proswpika dedomena. Epipleon, ofeiloyn na egkaqistoyn ston ypologisth, ton opoio xrhsimopoioyn, programmata prostasias apo ioys kai prosqeto logismiko asfaleias (antivirus software, firewall, anti-spyware software) kai na mhn anoigoyn mhnymata, arxeia h syndesmoys apo agnwstoys apostoleis (spam email). Polla apo ayta, periexoyn molysmena arxeia apo ioys, h diafhmizoyn akatallhlo kai paranoma periexomeno, h aposkopoyn sthn ejapathsh twn xrhstwn kai thn apokthsh proswpikwn plhroforiwn (Phishing). Monon to 2006 h Yphresia Diwjhs Hlektronikoy Egklhmatos dexqhke 400 kataggelies apo qymata hlektronikhs apaths, kataggelies oi opoies diplasiasthkan to prwto ejamhno toy 2007. O k. Sfakianakhs epishmainei oti to oikonomiko egklhma sto Internet exei parei epikindynes diastaseis kai h basikh symboylh einai na mhn stelnetai o ariqmos ths pistwtikhs kartas me email kai mhn dinetai se diktyotopoys amfibolhs ajiopistias.

    Shmeiwnetai oti prosfath ereyna, poy dienerghqhke se 23000 paidia kai se isariqmoys goneis Eyrwpaikwn xwrwn, katedeije oti ta ellhnopoyla, alla kai paidia apo alles xwres xrhsimopoioyn to Diadiktyo me "wrimo" tropo kai pws mono ena sta oktw exei anastatwqei apo kati poy eide, h toy synebh online. Thn idia stigmh, sthn Ellada h pleionothta twn goniwn dhlwnoyn agnoia gia tis arnhtikes empeiries twn paidiwn sto Internet. To pososto ayto einai ychlo kata meson oro se oloklhrh thn Eyrwph, gegonos poy kanei toys ereynhtes na kroyoyn ton kwdwna toy kindynoy, kaqws oi goneis emfanizontai na mhn exoyn idea gia toys chfiakoys kindynoys, poy antimetwpizoyn ta paidia toys.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form

    [06] Paixnidia xwris...aproopta

    Oi bitrines twn katasthmatwn, alla kai oi sxetikes thleoptikes diafhmiseis, exoyn hdh qesei to kat' ejoxhn qema twn Xristoygennwn, thn agora paixnidiwn. Mpompires, mikroi h megalyteroi mpainoyn se katastash anamonhs ekfrazontas ``aithmata'', poy oi goneis qa klhqoyn na ikanopoihsoyn. Oxi omws xwris synesh kai idiaiterh prosoxh, opws epishmainei h Enwsh Ergazomenwn Katanalwtwn Ellados me ena mikro odhgo pros apofygh aprooptwn.

    H asfaleia, xwris kamia amfibolia gia thn ajiopistia toy proiontos einai to basiko krithrio gia thn epilogh opoioydhpote paixnidioy. Ayto proypoqetei na ejetasoyme kat'arxas an ferei thn endeijh CE, an einai dhladh egkekrimeno apo thn EE, kai sth synexeia diabasoyme prosektika tis odhgies xrhsews kai synarmologhshs afenos gia na krinoyme to paixnidi kai afeteroy gia na mporoyme na ejhghsoyme th leitoyrgia toy sta paidia mas kanontas kai mia epideijh toy.

    Shmeiwnetai oti einai epikindyna, kyriws gia paidia katw twn triwn etwn, paixnidia me poly mikra kommatia (kataposh), me kordonia (pnigmos), me poly megalo qorybo (blabh sthn akoh), me aixmhra antikeimena h gwnies.

    An diapistwsoyme opoiadhpote problhma se sxesh me thn ajiopistia toy paixnidioy to topoqetoyme sth syskeyasia toy kai to epistrefoyme, enw kataggelloyme stis armodies arxes periptwseis elattwmatikwn h epikindynwn paixnidiwn, wste na prostateyqoyn ola ta paidia.

    Idiaiterh prosoxh apaiteitai na dwsoyme sthn hlikia, poy anagrafetai sth syskeyasia, kaqws h xrhsh apo mikrotera paidia mporei na einai epikindynh, enw oson afora ta hlektronika paixnidia kalo qa htan na prosexoyme to periexomeno toys, alla kai ton xrono xrhshs toys apo to paidi.

    Se kaqe periptwsh, ta omadika paixnidia, opws epishmainoyn kai oi eidikoi, einai ayta poy prosferoyn ektos apo diaskedash, koinwnikopoihsh kai anaptyjh ths syllogikothtas se ena paidi.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form

    [07] "Toy kosmoy ta Tamata"

    Xristianoi, moysoylBµanoi, indoyistes kai boydistes speydoyn se naoys gia na zhthsoyn Bµia xarh apo ton Qeo. To tama, synhqhs diadikasia stis qrhskeytikes ierotelesties pollwn arxaiwn politismwn, paramenei akoma kai shmera diadedomenh afierwmatikh praktikh.

    Ekfrazei thn anqrwpinh pepoiqhsh oti apotelei enan apo toys tropoys antimetwpishs twn problhmatwn ths zwhs kai merikes fores qewreitai zwntanh apodeijh toy qaymatos. Apotelei meso gia thn epiteyjh eyergesias toy qeioy pros toys anqrwpoys kai apodeijh ths pisths kai ths eylabeias toy afierwth.

    Tamata ap' olo ton kosmo, sygxrones afierwmatikes praktikes kai erga sygxronhs texnhs empneysmena apo ta tamata paroysiazontai apo shmera (2 Dekembrioy) sthn gkaleri ths Ellhnoamerikanikhs Enwshs, se mia megalh ekqesh me titlo "Toy kosmoy ta Tamata", poy diorganwnei mazi me to Kentro Ereynhs ths Ellhnikhs Laografias ths Akadhmias Aqhnwn.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form


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