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Athens Macedonian News Agency: News in Greek, 16-09-27

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Basilhs Lebenths sto Praktoreio 104,9:Mono sto noshro kefali toy Mhtsotakh paw me ton SYRIZA
  • [02] YPOMEDI: Qa katablhqoyn 3 ekat. eyrw se synergasia me to yp. Oikonomikwn gia na plhrwqoyn oi ergazomenoi ston OASQ
  • [03] Koinwnikes domes se kaqe dhmo ths Attikhs, gia allhleggyh kai sthn prajh
  • [04] Pro Asyl: Wqoyn thn Ellada se apelpistikh katastash sto Prosfygiko
  • [05] M. Falon: To Londino qa parameinei antiqeto ``se opoiadhpote idea sygkrothshs eyrwpaikoy stratoy''
  • [06] Kolombia: Ypegrafh h symfwnia eirhnhs anamesa sthn kybernhsh kai thn organwsh FARC
  • [07] Jekinoyn oi synomilies gia ton sxhmatismo trikommatikhs topikhs kybernhshs sto Berolino
  • [08] Gk. Xorn: H politikh ths litothtas, synypeyqynh gia enisxysh twn eqnikismwn kai twn jenofobikwn kommatwn
  • [09] Pidakes ydratmwn entopise h NASA se doryforo toy planhth Dia
  • [10] Ta plysimo twn synqetikwn royxwn sto plynthrio rypainei to periballon
  • [11] Gewlogika energos kai o Ermhs, kaqws fainetai na ``tremei'' akomh apo seismoys
  • [12] Antiparaqesh gia th ``diaplokh'' sthn Olomeleia ths Boylhs
  • [13] Nikh ths X. Klinton enanti toy Nt. Tramp deixnoyn oi dhmoskophseis
  • [14] Gallia kai Germania paroysiazoyn toys sxediasmoys toys gia thn eyrwpaikh amyna
  • [15] Anepibebaiwtes ektimhseis gia ypogeio wkeano ston Ploytwna
  • [16] Dhmioyrghqhke to pio makroxrono istoriko arxeio qermokrasiwn ths Ghs se baqos 2 ekat. etwn
  • [17] Ta plysimo twn synqetikwn royxwn sto plynthrio rypainei to periballon

    [01] Basilhs Lebenths sto Praktoreio 104,9:Mono sto noshro kefali toy Mhtsotakh paw me ton SYRIZA

    ``Alloiwqhkan ta legomena moy. Egw den bghka na kataggeilw oti me plhsiase enas, na toy dwsw 10.000 (eyrw) gia na moy balei megala pososta (se dhmoskophsh). Egw bghka kai eipa oti einai sapio to pedio ayto'' dhlwse o proedros ths Enwshs Kentrwwn, Basilhs Lebenths, milwntas ston radiostaqmo toy Aqhnaikoy-Makedonikoy Praktoreioy Eidhsewn ``Praktoreio 104,9 FM''.

    ``Stis ekloges oloi mas ebazan 2% th Deytera kai pente hmeres argotera phrame 4% [...] Edw paizetai ena paixnidi entypwsewn se baros ths koinwnias'' eipe kai prosqese se sxesh me osa eginan sth Qessalonikh: ``Me plhsiase enas kyrios, moy eipe apo poia etaireia htan kai moy eipe pws me liga xrhmata -peripoy 10.000 eyrw- "mporeite na kanete o,ti qelete". Giati sas blepw oti epitiqentai pali oloi enantion sas, sas paroysiazoyn oti pate me ton SYRIZA me skopo thn ejontwsh sas''.

    Se o,ti afora ta senaria peri synergasias toy me ton SYRIZA tonise oti ``mono sto noshro kefali toy Mhtsotakh paw me ton SYRIZA'' kai apedwse thn olh syzhthsh sto oti den phge mazi toy. ``H Fwfh, o Stayros phgan mazi toy kai qeloyn na rijoyn thn kybernhsh. Egw brwmies den kanw. Egw kentrwos hmoyn, kentrwos eimai. Kai an epainesa ton SYRIZA kai proswpika ton Tsipra se kati htan logw ths aplhs analogikhs kai mono. Oyte ta proapaitoymena qa chfisoyme oyte gia thn Paideia qa chfisoyme. Stoys 12 mhnes h Enwsh Kentrwwn mono thn aplh analogikh exoyme chfisei'' anefere xarakthristika.

    Se o,ti afora to zhthma twn thleoptikwn adeiwn shmeiwse: ``O Kalogritsas htan enas anqrwpos o opoios metesxe xwris na exei ta lefta. An meteixe o Alafoyzos xwris na exei ta lefta, o Tsipras qa eftaige; Sta dhmosia erga ginontai dhmoprasies. An kapoios parabei ton nomo prepei na paraithqei o ypoyrgos h o prwqypoyrgos; [...] Mia anoixth diadikasia htan kai fanhke anajiopistos enas twn metesxontwn''.

    O k. Lebenths kataferqhke enantion ths Neas Dhmokratias, legontas oti ``oneireyetai ejoysia'' kai prosqese: ``Ayto einai, h ejoysiomania twn Mhtsotakhdwn. Den qelei dhmokratikoys oroys. Den qelei na afhsei ton lao na apofasisei. Qelei ekeinh, me to zori, na trabhjei ta xalinaria''.

    Shmeiwse de pws ``ekeinh poy ftaiei kai qa to plhrwsei einai h Gennhmata, poy prosefere sth Nea Dhmokratia to mponoys twn 50 edrwn'' kaqws ``an eixame chfisei 200 boyleytes thn aplh analogikh qa eixe teleiwsei to Mhtsotakeiko''.

    Epanelabe thn anagkh sygkrothshs mias oikoymenikhs kybernhshs, legontas pws ``prepei na katalabei o k. Tsipras oti to "mporw monos, mporw monos", sto telos qa katarreysei, giati kai h antipoliteysh einai brwmikh kai einai kai ta problhmata poly dyskola''.

    Yposthrije oti ``ston SYRIZA yparxoyn baridia'' kai pws ``an kindyneyoyn na ginoyn ekloges poly syntoma, einai giati o Tsipras qelei na diwjei kapoioys treloys ths draxmhs poy einai akomh mesa ston SYRIZA. Den teleiwse me thn Kwnstantopoyloy kai ton Lafazanh. Yparxoyn akomh draxmistes ston SYRIZA''.

    [02] YPOMEDI: Qa katablhqoyn 3 ekat. eyrw se synergasia me to yp. Oikonomikwn gia na plhrwqoyn oi ergazomenoi ston OASQ

    Ena mhna dedoyleymenwn twn ergazomenwn ston OASQ qa katabalei to ypoyrgeio Metaforwn se synergasia me to ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn anazhtwntas amesh lysh, prokeimenoy ta xrhmata na mhn desmeytoyn logw twn forologikwn kai allwn ekkremothtwn toy OASQ kai na doqoyn stoys ergazomenoys.

    Sygkekrimena, opws anaferetai se anakoinwsh toy YPOMEDI, qa katateqoyn 2.000.000 ek. eyrw apo to Ypoyrgeio Paideias kai 1.000.000 ek. eyrw apo to ypoyrgeio Ergasias, Koinwnikhs Asfalishs kai Koinwnikhs Allhleggyhs enw taytoxrona kalei foreis ths Qessalonikhs (Perifereiarxh, dhmarxoys) na kataqesoyn protaseis gia thn oristikh epilysh toy problhmatos.

    Epishs, doqhke entolh sto SEEYME, (Swma Epiqewrhtwn Elegktwn Ypoyrgeioy Metaforwn Epikoinwniwn), meta thn ektamieysh toy posoy, na elexqei, oti ola ta xrhmata katateqhkan stoys ergazomenoys toy OASQ, prokeimenoy na katablhqei to poso toy deyteroy mhna dedoyleymenwn kai na apodoqoyn sta armodia Ypoyrgeia oi misqodosies twn ergazomenwn toy OASQ.

    Se oti afora, ta " aparadekta aithmata toy OASQ gia dhqen ofeiles", ta opoia anaferontai se epistolh apanthshs pros ton ypoyrgo Metaforwn, to ypoyrgeio yposthrizei pws o Organismos diekdikei "xwris eparkh tekmhriwsh" to dhmosio sxedon 134 ekatommyria eyrw, "deixnontas kai ton pragmatiko stoxo oswn diadramatizontai".

    Analytika, opws anaferetai sthn anakoinwsh toy ypoyrgeioy, diekdikoyn:

    "Poso ycoys 17.734.901,62 ek. eyrw, apo to Ypoyrgeio Paideias ?Ereynas kai Qrhskeymatwn, xwris stoixeia kai tekmhriwsh

    Poso ycoys 9.457.885,12 ek. eyrw, apo to ypoyrgeio Ergasias, Koinwnikhs Asfalishs kai Koinwnikhs Allhleggyhs, xwris stoixeia kai tekmhriwsh

    Poso ycoys 3.367.847,93 ek. eyrw, apo to ypoyrgeio Ergasias, Koinwnikhs Asfalishs kai Koinwnikhs Allhleggyhs, xwris stoixeia kai tekmhriwsh

    Poso ycoys 1.493.925,17 ek. eyrw, apo to ypoyrgeio Ergasias, Koinwnikhs Asfalishs kai Koinwnikhs Allhleggyhs, xwris stoixeia kai tekmhriwsh, ws ejoflhsh gia to 2014

    Poso ycoys 17.198.657,71 ek. eyrw, me dikoys toys ypologismoys ws F.P.A.

    Poso ycoys 50.000.000 ek. eyrw, panta xwris stoixeia, gia th dhqen eleyqerh metakinhsh anergwn

    Poso ycoys 15.655.952, 98 ek. eyrw, gia to 2014, ws ekkremothta ths gnwsths diadikasias diaithsias toy OASQ

    Anaferei, epishs, oti sto prwto trimhno toy 2017 ofeilei to Ellhniko Dhmosio 19.079.520,19 ek eyrw.

    Synolika diekdikei, me thn eykairia toy problhmatos katabolhs twn dedoyleymenwn twn ergazomenwn, 133.988.690,72 ek. eyrw".

    Symfwna me thn pagia taktikh toy OASQ, synexizei h anakoinwsh - apanthsh toy YPOMEDI, ta xrhmata ayta qa diekdikhqoyn mesw diaithsias, opws ginetai apo to 1957, kai qa ta plhrwsei o ellhnikos laos.

    Mas ypenqymizoyn oti mas esteilan ton logariasmo misqodosias ths Eqnikhs Trapezas, gia na katabaloyme ekei PROKATABOLIKA ta xrwstoymena dedoyleymena toy OASQ. Kai oxi toy ypoyrgeioy.

    Arneitai na ekdosei eggyhtikh epistolh, gia na labei PROKATABOLIKA ola ta dedoyleymena

    Arneitai na dwsei katastash misqodosias gia ton ek twn ysterwn elegxo, gia ton ena mhna xrwstoymenwn dedoyleymenwn toy OASQ, prokeimenoy na katablhqei kai o deyteros.

    Shmeiwnoyme oti, symfwna me th symbash kai toys isxyontes nomoys, oi prokatabolikes mhniaies doseis xwris diasfaliseis einai paranomes. To gnwrizei kai h dioikhsh toy OASQ kai o Proedros toy swmateioy ergazomenwn.

    Shmeiwnoyme epishs oti stis mhniaies kataboles toy ellhnikoy dhmosioy pros ton OASQ emperiexetai to kerdos twn metoxwn.

    Oloi mporoyn na bgaloyn ta symperasmata toys kai gia th dioikhsh toy OASQ kai gia toys ekproswpoys twn ergazomenwn toy OASQ".

    Telos, to ypoyrgeio kalei entos ths ebdomadas (epeita apo synennohsh entos ths hmeras) ton Perifereiarxh Kentrikhs Makedonias kai toys Dhmarxoys toy mhtropolitikoy kentroy ths Qessalonikhs, na kataqesoyn sygkekrimenes protaseis, sto plaisio ths nomimothtas, gia thn epilysh toy problhmatos mh katabolhs twn dedoyleymenwn twn ergazomenwn apo ton OASQ kaqws kai tis protaseis toys gia thn oristikh epilysh toy problhmatos twn astikwn sygkoinwniwn ths Qessalonikhs.

    "As paroyn oloi tis dikes toys eyqynes gia th synexish h mh 60 xronwn ekbiasmoy toy laoy ths Qessalonikhs kai th kataspatalhsh twn xrhmatwn toy ellhnikoy laoy" katalhgei h anakoinwsh toy YPOMEDI.

    [03] Koinwnikes domes se kaqe dhmo ths Attikhs, gia allhleggyh kai sthn prajh

    Koinwnikes koyzines, enoriaka h dhmotika syssitia, dianomes trofimwn synanta kaneis se kaqe dhmo ths Attikhs, akoma kai stis legomenes ``oikonomika eypores'' perioxes.An kai einai dyskolo na katagracei kaneis ton akribh ariqmo toys, oi diafores domes ypologizontai se panw apo 200 se olh thn Perifereia toy lekanopedioy.

    Ws epi to pleiston dwrean geymata prosferontai apo tis ekklhsies, toys dhmoys, alla kai apo diafores aytoorganwmenes domes. Omws, oi teleytaies diaferoyn toso se tropo organwshs, diaxeirishs kai filosofias, apo ta syssitia twn dhmwn kai twn enoriwn. Kapoioi dhmoi, epishs, mesw ths ``Spitikhs Koyzinas'', parexoyn kaqhmerina geymata se xamhles times.

    Sto Palaio Falhro, to koinwniko syssitio toy dhmoy prosferei kaqe mera peripoy 130 merides se tessera shmeia ths perioxhs, enw gia ta atoma poy exoyn kapoia anaphria h den mporoyn na metakinhqoyn eykola problepetai kai dianomh kat' oikon, perigrafei sto APE-MPE h koinwnikh leitoyrgos Margarita Xamhloqwroy. ``Kaqe mhna exoyme tesseris nees aithseis h kai parapanw, enw megalh zhthsh yparxei kai gia to koinwniko pantopwleio''.

    Oi wfeloymenoi proskomizoyn kapoia dikaiologhtika kai, efoson egkriqoyn, entassontai sto programma toy koinwnikoy syssitioy, alla, opws ejhgei h k. Xamhloqwroy, synhqws oloi ginontai dektoi. Sto dhmo Neas Smyrnhs dianemontai peripoy 120 merides faghtoy thn hmera, enw 1.200 oikogeneies lambanoyn dwrean eidh apo to koinwniko pantopwleio, anaferei sto APE-MPE h antidhmarxos Koinwnikhs Politikhs toy dhmoy Kleopatra Delhgiannh. ``Oi ariqmoi stadiaka megalwnoyn, syxna erxetai enas anqrwpos kai pairnei tesseris merides gia thn tetramelh toy oikogeneia''. Sto dhmo Neas Smyrnhs kata 90% to syssitio kalyptetai apo ton proypologismo toy dhmoy, enw sto Palaio Falhro to syssitio pragmatopoieitai se synergasia me thn mh kybernhtikh organwsh ``Anodos''.

    [04] Pro Asyl: Wqoyn thn Ellada se apelpistikh katastash sto Prosfygiko

    "H germanikh kybernhsh, apo koinoy me tis alles xwres melh ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs, wqoyn thn Ellada se apelpistikh katastash sto prosfygiko", ektima o epikefalhs ths germanikhs organwshs yper toy asyloy (Pro Asyl) Gkinter Mpoyrkxarnt se synenteyjh toy sthn efhmerida Die Welt.

    Oi symmetexontes sth synodo th Biennhs symfwnhsan se enan aysthrotero elegxo twn ejwterikwn synorwn ths E.E.sto balkaniko diadromo apo thn Frontex. Oi prosfyges omws den qa mporoyn na exoyn etsi "mia dikaih ejetash to aithmatos toys gia asylo". Mia tetoia dynatothta den qa exoyn pleon "oyte sthn Ellada oyte se kapoia allh xwra ths E.E.", epishmane o Gkinter Mpoyrkxarnt .

    Opws egrace h Welt ths Kyriakhs, h germanikh kybernhsh protiqetai na dextei 6.000 prosfyges ethsiws apo thn Ellada kai thn Italia , dhladh 500 to mhna, apo kaqe xwra, prokeimenoy na ginei h epanenwsh twn oikogeneiwn toys. H organwsh Pro Asyl qewrei en toytois oti o ariqmos einai poly mikros: "Akoma kai an h Germania dexetai mellontika 500 prosfyges to mhna, ayto den allazei tipota gia toys alloys peripoy 60.000 oi opoioi einai apokleismenoi ekei", eipe o Mpoyrkxarnt sthn germanikh efhmerida.

    "Polloi apo aytoys toys prosfyges exoyn dikaiwma na pane se alles xwres ths E.E. dioti kai aytoi exoyn melh twn oikogeneiwn toys ekei. Ayto omws qa akyrwqei sthn prajh logw toy oti oti h germanikh presbeia sthn Aqhnas exei elleich proswpikoy kai logw ths anyparjias ellhnikoy systhmatos paroxhs asyloy", opws yposthrizei o Mpoyrkxarnt .

    [05] M. Falon: To Londino qa parameinei antiqeto ``se opoiadhpote idea sygkrothshs eyrwpaikoy stratoy''

    H Bretania, akomh kai ektos ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs, qa parameinei antiqeth ``se opoiadhpote idea enos eyrwpaikoy stratoy''kaqws to NATO prepei na meinei ``o akrogwniaioys liqos ths amynas ths Eyrwphs'', dhlwse shmera o Bretanos ypoyrgos Amynas Maikl Falon.

    ``Symfwnoyme sto oti h Eyrwph prepei na kanei perissotera gia na antimetwpisei tis proklhseis ths tromokratias kai ths metanasteyshs, alla qa synexisoyme na eimaste antiqetoi se opoiadhpote idea (sygkrothshs) enos eyrwpaikoy stratoy h (systashs) enos arxhgeioy gia enan eyrwpaiko strato, o opoios einai piqanon na yponomeysei (thn arxh toy) NATO'', dhlwse kata thn afijh toy sth synodo ypoyrgwn Amynas ths Eyrwpaikhs 'Enwshs sthn Mpratislaba.

    [06] Kolombia: Ypegrafh h symfwnia eirhnhs anamesa sthn kybernhsh kai thn organwsh FARC

    H Kolombia ekane shmera ena istoriko bhma me thn ypografh ths symfwnias eirhnhs anamesa sthn kybernhsh kai thn organwsh FARC, ejelijh poy shmatodotei ton termatismo mias enoplhs syrrajhs poy dihrkese panw apo miso aiwna kai eixe ekatontades xiliades nekroys ki ekatommyria ektopismenoys.H symfwnia eirhnhs ypografthke apo dyo prwhn ierakes poy eginan h aixmh toy doratos ths eirhnhs: ton proedro, Xoyan Manoyel Santos, kai ton epikefalhs twn Epanastatikwn Enoplwn Dynamewn ths Kolombias, Rontrigko Lontonio, gnwstotero me to ceydwnymo Timoleon Ximenes, h Timosenko.

    Omilia toy Proedroy ths Kolombias

    O proedros ths Kolombias Xoyan Manoyel Santos ``kalwsorise sth dhmokratia'' toys antartes ths organwshs Epanastatikes Enoples Dynameis ths Kolombias (FARC), h opoia prokeitai na metatrapei se politiko komma, sthn omilia toy kata thn epishmh teleth ypografhs ths istorikhs symfwnias.``Protimw mia atelh symfwnia poy swzei zwes apo enan teleio polemo'', tonise o Santos sthn Kartaxena, exontas sto pleyro toy ton hgeth twn antartwn Rontrigko Lontonio.

    O hgeths twn FARC zhthse syggnwmh apo ta ``qymata toy polemoy''

    O hgeths ths organwshs Epanastatikes Enoples Dynameis ths Kolombias (FARC), Rontrigko Lontonio, zhthse -gia prwth fora -syggnwmh apo ta ``qymata ths syrrajhs'' poy mainotan sth xwra epi miso aiwna kai pleon kai stoixise th zwh se ekatontades xiliades anqrwpoys.Ligh wra meta thn ypografh ths istorikhs symfwnias eirhnhs mazi me ton proedro Xoyan Manoyel Santos, o hgeths twn antartwn yposxeqhke mia ``nea epoxh symfiliwshs'' sthn omilia toy sthn epishmh teleth sthn Kartaxena, sto boreio tmhma ths xwras twn Andewn.

    [07] Jekinoyn oi synomilies gia ton sxhmatismo trikommatikhs topikhs kybernhshs sto Berolino

    Meta tis diereynhtikes synomilies tis opoies diejhgage o sosialdhmokraths (SPD) epikefalhs ths topikhs kybernhshs (kai dhmarxos ths prwteyoysas) Mixael Miler me thn Aristera (Die Linke) kai toys Prasinoys (Gruene), ta tria kommata jekinoyn pleon synomilies gia to sxhmatismo trikommatikhs kybernhshs, symfwna me dhmosieyma ths Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung.

    Mexri ta mesa ths epomenhs ebdomadas anamenetai oti ta kommatika organa qa exoyn apofasisei, dedomenoy oti apo tis diereynhtikes synomilies proekyce h koinh boylhsh na proxwrhsoyn, opws dhlwse o Miler meta to peras twn synomiliwn.

    Paramenoyn bebaia akoma orismena qemata anoikta, kyriws dhmosionomika, opws ekanan safes o Miler, o epikefalhs ths Aristeras Klaoys Lenterer kai twn Prasinwn Ntaniel Bezener, sta opoia exoyn mia diaforetikh proseggish, alla kai ta tria kommata exoyn epignwsh toy eyroys twn problhmatwn toy Berolinoy ta opoia prepei na epilysoyn.

    O Lenterer milhse gia "diadromoys", oi opoioi deixnoyn to dromo ths symfwnias. "Xreiazomaste mia idea, ena sxedio gia na beltiwsoyme toys oroys zwhs twn politwn", opws dhlwse meta tis synomilies. Ena apofasistiko shmeio gia thn Aristera einai epipleon oi diadikasies twn apofasewn me perissoterh diafaneia ston tropo doyleias ths kybernhshs kai th symmetoxh twn kommatwn kai twn koinoboyleytikwn omadwn. O prasinos Bezener arkesthke na dhlwsei oti eprokeito "gia poly kales synomilies ". O sosialdhmokraths Miler eixe ekfrasei hdh pro twn eklogwn thn protimhsh toy na synergastei meteklogika mazi toys anti twn xristianodhmokratwn. To eklogiko apotelesma ths perasmenhs Kyriakhs episfragise aplws th telos toy synaspismoy xristianodhmokratwn-sosialdhmokratwn (CDU-SPD).

    Meta th Qoyriggia, to Berolino qa exei th deyterh trikommatikh kybernhsh me ayth th synqesh me th diafora oti sthn prwth o prwqypoyrgos Mponto Ramelof proerxetai apo thn Aristera. Sto Berolino o sosialdhmokraths Mixael Miler qa parameinei thn qesh toy, dioti to SPD, para tis apwleies, paramenei prwto komma sthn germanikh prwteyoysa me 21,6%. H Aristera katelabe thn trith qesh me 15,6%, oi Prasinoi hlqan tetartoi me 15,2%, enw oi 'deyteroi xristianodhmokrates elaban molis 17,6%, dhladh to istorika xamhlotero pososto toys. Ariqmhtika kai mono den htan pleon dynaton na epanalhfqei o dikommatikos synaspismos SPD-CDU.

    [08] Gk. Xorn: H politikh ths litothtas, synypeyqynh gia enisxysh twn eqnikismwn kai twn jenofobikwn kommatwn

    ``H germanikh oikonomikh kai koinwnikh politikh twn parelqontwn etwn einai synypeyqynh gia th enisxysh twn eqnikistikwn kai jenofobikwn kommatwn'', ektima o Gkoystaf Xorn, dieyqynths toy proskeimenoy sta germanika syndikata Institoytoy Oikonomikwn Ereynwn (IMK), se synenteyjh toy sth ``Neues Deutschland''.

    ``Ean se mia tetoia katastash erxontai prosfyges kai to kratos prepei na diaqesei xrhmata gi? aytoys, tote einai eykolo pleon na pei o poliths oti yparxoyn xrhmata gi? aytoys, enw gia mena oxi''. Synepws, gia na katapolemhqei o eqnikismos kai h jenofobia prepei h politikh na parasxei stoys polites perissoterh koinwnikh asfaleia, symperainei o Gkoystab Xorn.

    ``Oi germanikes kybernhseis apaithsan apo toys polites tis perasmenes dekaeties na meiwsoyn tis diekdikhseis toys'', oi koinwnikes paroxes perikophkan drastika, aporyqmisthke h agora ergasias kai etsi ayjhqhke h piesh twn misqwn pros ta katw. ``H agorastikh dynamh ths mesaias tajhs einai stasimh panw apo deka xronia. Oi piqanothtes anelijhs ejanemisthkan kai ayto katastrefei elpides kai prooptikes'', leei o dieyqynths toy IMK.

    To kratos einai se qesh na antejei tis dapanes gia thn enswmatwsh twn prosfygwn xwris kanena problhma symfwna me ton Germano oikonomologo. ``Symfwna me toys ypologismoys mas, mporoyn na diateqoyn kata ta prwta xronia 20 disekatommyria eyrw ethsiws''. Ayta ta xrhmata den qa ejafanistoyn aplws, alla qa eisreysoyn ston oikonomiko kyklo, opws eipe sthn efhmerida toy Berolinoy.

    ``Oi prosfyges jodeyoyn xrhmata, akoma kai otan einai anergoi. Agorazoyn. Apo ayto wfeleitai to emporio. H zhthsh gia yphresies kai tis oikodomikes kataskeyes ayjanetai me thn eisroh toys kai ayto dhmioyrgei qeseis ergasias''. Epipleon, polloi apo toys prosfyges qa ginoyn syn tw xronw eleyqeroi epaggelmaties, etsi qa prokycoyn anaptyjh, eisodhmata kai foroi. Epeidh h oikonomia anaptyssetai synolika me toys prosfyges ta misa apo ta 20 dis. eyrw qa epistrecoyn sto kratos, symfwna me toys ypologismoys mas'', ejhghse o Xorn. Apo oikonomikhs apocews oi prosfyges den apoteloyn kindyno oyte gia to kratos oyte gia toys polites. Se makroproqesmh bash h Germania wfeleitai perissotero ean enswmatwsei toys prosfyges, katelhje.

    [09] Pidakes ydratmwn entopise h NASA se doryforo toy planhth Dia

    Oi ereynhtes ths amerikanikhs diasthmikhs yphresias NASA anakoinwsan oti entopisan apodeijeis yparjhs apo pidakes ydratmwn sthn Eyrwph, ena apo ta megala feggaria toy Dia, se mia anakalych poy endexomenws na dieykolynei toys episthmones na diapistwsoyn gia thn emfanish zwhs ston wkeano poy krybetai katw apo to kelyfos pagoy poy kalyptei ton doryforo.

    Oi kata ta fainomena pidakes ydratmwn entopisthkan apo to diasthmiko thleskopio Hubble apo apostash 200xlm panw apo thn epifaneia ths Eyrwphs, anefere h NASA.

    H Eyrwph, poy qewreitai ws enas apo toys pleon yposxomenoys ypochfioys doryforoys gia yparjh zwhs sto hliako systhma, pera apo thn Gh, diaqetei enan wkeano me posothta neroy diplasia apo oso oles oi qalasses ths Ghs, poy einai ena krymmenos katw apo ena strwma pagoy agnwstoy paxoys.

    "Ean oi pidakes einai pragmatikoi, endexomenws na mas kanei eykoloterh thn prosbash ston ypogeio wkeano -xwris na xreiazetai na tryphsoyme xiliometra pagoy", dhlwse o epikefalhs ths ereynas Goyiliam Sparks apo to episthmoniko institoyto diasthmikwn thleskopiwn toy Gkrinmpelt sto Merilant.

    H Eyrwph exei diametro einai 3.100xlm, ligo mikroterh apo thn Selhnh ths Ghs. Anamesa sta tessera megalytera feggaria toy Dia, h Eyrwph einai to deytero kontinotero ston megalytero planhth toy hliakoy systhmatos.

    To thleskopio kategrace toys pidakes treis fores to 2014, kyriws apo tis noties polikes perioxes ths Eyrwphs, aneferan oi episthmones stoys dhmosiografoys.

    Sthn Gh, exoyn breqei pantoy zwntanoi organismoi opoy yparxei nero, energeia kai ixnostoixeia, epomenws oi episthmones exoyn ena idiaitero endiaferon se merh opoydhpote sto hliako systhma, opws h Eyrwph, poy diaqetei paromoia xarakthristika, dhlwse o Pol Xertz, dieyqynths toy tmhmatos astrofysikhs ths NASA.

    Ta eyrhmata, poy prokeitai na dhmosieytoyn sto Astrophysical Journal, erxontai se synexeia mias arxikhs katagrafhs pidakwn ydratmwn panw apo to notio polo ths Eyrwphs ton Dekembrio toy 2012.

    [10] Ta plysimo twn synqetikwn royxwn sto plynthrio rypainei to periballon

    Ta synqetika royxa poy pleontai sto plynthrio, idiws ta akrylika, rypainoyn to periballon, kaqws apeleyqerwnoyn swreia mikroskopikwn plastikwn swmatidiwn, ta opoia katalhgoyn stis qalasses, symfwna me mia nea bretanikh episthmonikh ereyna.

    Oi episthmones ypologisan oti enas kyklos plysimatos eji kilwn sto plynthrio mporei na apeleyqerwsei panw apo 700.000 tetoies plastikes ines sto periballon. To xeirotero eidos synqetikoy royxoy apo apoch rypanshs einai to akryliko, poy apeleyqerwnei sxedon 730.000 synqetika swmatidia ana kyklo plysimatos, pentaplasia se sxesh me ta polyesterika-bambakera royxa (138.000) kai sxedon miamish fora perissotera se sxesh me ta sketa polyesterika (496.000).

    Oi ereynhtes toy Panepisthmioy toy Plimoyq, me epikefalhs ton kaqhghth qalassias biologias Ritsarnt Tomson, eidiko se qemata qalassias rypanshs, poy ekanan th sxetikh dhmosieysh sto periodiko ``Marine Pollution Bulletin'', perasan ena xrono plenontas se oikiaka plynthria diaforetika royxa se qermokrasies 30 ews 40 baqmwn Kelsioy kai me diaforetika aporrypantika. Sth synexeia, anelysan se hlektroniko mikroskopio ta apoblhta kaqe plyshs kai to ``apotypwma'' ths sto periballon.

    Oi mikroskopikes plastikes ines tajideyoyn mesw twn apoxeteysewn kai fqanoyn stis egkatastaseis biologikoy kaqarismoy, opoy ena meros toys katakrateitai kai ena allo katalhgei stis qalasses. H akribhs epiptwsh toys sto periballon den exei akomh melethqei kai katanohqei plhrws, alla, symfwna me tis ews twra meletes, mporei na molynei thn trofikh alysida.

    [11] Gewlogika energos kai o Ermhs, kaqws fainetai na ``tremei'' akomh apo seismoys

    Mia seira apo gewlogika xarakthristika sthn epifaneia toy Ermh, ta opoia apokalyptoyn oi eikones poy esteile to skafos Messenger ths Amerikanikhs Diasthmikhs Yphresias (NASA), deixnoyn oti piqanotata o kontinoteros ston Hlio planhths einai tektonika energos, emfanizontas akomh seismikh drasthriothta. Ews twra h Gh htan o monos planhths sto hliako mas systhma poy qewreito oti emfanizei shmera energh gewlogikh drasthriothta.

    Oi ereynhtes, me epikefalhs ton planhtiko episthmona Tomas Goyoters toy Institoytoy Smiqsonian ths Oyasigkton, poy ekanan th sxetikh dhmosieysh sto periodiko gewepisthmwn ``Nature Geoscience'', anelysan stoixeia poy esteile to amerikaniko skafos kata toys teleytaioys 18 mhnes se troxia gyrw apo ton Ermh.

    Gia prwth fora parathrhqhkan mikra rhgmata mhkoys katw twn deka xiliometrwn kai apokrhmnes plagies ycoys to poly merikwn dekadwn metrwn, poy exoyn sxhmatisqei sxetika prosfata, kata ta teleytaia 50 ekat. xronia. Oi episthmones ektimoyn oti nea rhgmata dhmioyrgoyntai akomh kai shmera, kaqws to eswteriko toy mikroy planhth synexizei na cyxrainetai, anagkazontas thn epifaneia toy na syrriknwnetai arga.

    [12] Antiparaqesh gia th ``diaplokh'' sthn Olomeleia ths Boylhs

    Me antallagh ojytatwn frastikwn antiparaqesewn gia tis sxeseis me th diaplokh kai th ``skandalwdh metaxeirish megaloergolabwn'' jekinhse sthn olomeleia ths Boylhs h syzhthsh toy nomosxedioy gia ta proapaitoymena.

    H arxh egine me ton eishghth toy SYRIZA Andrea Rizoylh na kathgorei th ND pws ``opoia petra kai an shkwsei kaneis se olo to fasma toy dhmosioy bioy, qa brei kai ena stelexos ths apo katw''. Me sfodrothta apanthse o eishghths ths ND Miltiadhs Barbitsiwths poy eipe oti to teleytaio diasthma apokalyptontai skandala sta opoia emplekontai ypoyrgoi ths kybernhshs to ena pisw apo to allo. Xarakthristikes einai oi anafores twn dyo boyleytwn sthn olomeleia poy syzhteitai to nomosxedio:

    ANDREAS RIZOYLHS: Prepei na pw gia tis ybristikes topoqethseis toy k. Gewrgiadh, oti tis idies tis exei ejapolysei enantia sth ND. Ta binteakia sto you tube exoyn anebei! Kathgorhsate ton SYRIZA gia diaplokh otan se olo to fasma toy dhmosioy bioy stelexh sas exoyn sxesh me th diaplokh. Opoia petra diaplokhs shkwqhke mexri twra, einai apo katw kai ena stelexos sas. Emeis diapragmateyomaste se antiqesh me esas poy taytizeste me tis pio akraies fwnes toy DNT. Den petyxainoyme panta toys stoxoys mas, omws, eimaste edw gia na yperaspistoyme ajies apenanti s' ena systhma diaplokhs, poy talanise th xwra gia dekaeties kai prospaqei ``me nyxia kai dontia'' na diathrhsei to kaqestws anomias, poy epebale sth dhmosia zwh gia xronia.

    MILTIADHS BARBITSIWTHS: Dystyxws prokaleite. Jerete sto SYRIZA den eiste xwris skandala. To teleytaio diasthma, mesa se ligo diasthma poy eiste sthn ejoysia, exoyme anakalycei ypoyrgoys jexasiarhdes ekatommyriwn, poy jexnoyn na ta dhlwsoyn sto poqen esxes. Ypoyrgoys poy metabibazoyn etaireies ek twn ysterwn ws mh ofeilan. Eixame mexri xqes ypochfio kanalarxh o opoios eixe agorasei thn kataskeyastikh etaireia toy patera toy prwqypoyrgoy kai koymparo pollwn ypoyrgwn. Eixame tis kataggelies toy k. Boydoyrh, dikoy sas stelexoys, gia thn adiafanh diaxeirish sta kondylia sto metanasteytiko kai bebaiws yparxei ypo ejetash to sthsimo toy neoy eqnikoy ergolaboy toy k. Kalogritsa, toy neoy eqnikoy ergolaboy apo thn trapeza Attikhs.

    Diabaste epishs: Sthn Olomeleia ths Boylhs ta proapaitoymena

    [13] Nikh ths X. Klinton enanti toy Nt. Tramp deixnoyn oi dhmoskophseis

    Dhmoskophsh ths ORC poy diejhxqh gia logariasmo toy CNN deixnei oti to 62% twn erwthqentwn pisteyei oti h Xilari Klinton epikrathse sthn krisimh prwth thleoptikh antiparaqesh enanti toy Ntonalnt Tramp, gia ton opoio molis to 27% twn erwthqentwn pisteyei oti htan o nikhths toy ntimpeit.

    H dhmoskophsh diejhxqh metajy twn anagnwstwn ths istoselidas toy CNN.

    Kai oi ependytes qewroyn thn Klinton nikhtria sthn thlemaxia, kaqws oi asiatikes metoxes kategracan anodo epeita apo mia neyrikothta stis agores poy parathrhqhke sthn arxh, enw to peso Mejikoy ektinaxqhke shmera. Oi piqanothtes h Klinton na epikrathsei toy repoymplikanoy ypochfioy stis ekloges ths 8hs Noembrioy exoyn ayjhqei epishs stis on-line agores stoixhmatwn.

    ``Spoydaio ntimpeit''

    ``Aisqanesqe kala apoce;''rwthse h Klinton yposthriktes ths meta to telos ths thlemaxias. ``Egw sigoyra. Eixame ena spoydaio ntimpeit''.O Tramp dhlwse oti aytos einai o nikhths milwntas stoys dhmosiografoys ston xwro opoy diejhxqh h thleoptikh anametrhsh.

    Apenanti ston Tramp, h Klinton dhlwnei oti h Amerikh ``threi ton logo ths''

    H Xilari Klinton epwfelhqhke apo thn empeiria ths sthn ejwterikh politikh gia na paroysiastei ws eggyhsh toy logoy -kai twn symmaxiw - ths Amerikhs, kata th diarkeia ths prwths ths thlemaxias apenanti ston Ntonalnt Tramp.

    Epikaloymenh ta ``erwthmatika kai tis anhsyxies'' poy ekfrasthkan apo hgetes se olo ton kosmo gia tis qeseis enos laikisth epixeirhmatia, h prwhn epikefalhs toy Steit Ntipartment ths kybernhshs Ompama, poly aneth kai exontas syneidhsh toy pleonekthmatos ths sto kefalaio ejwterikh politikh, yioqethse ena yfos apolyta proedriko.

    ``Sto onoma moy kai pisteyw sto onoma mias pleiochfias Amerikanwn qelw na pw oti o logos mas einai ajiopistos'', dhlwse h Klinton me epishmo tono sth xroia ths fwnhs ths kai estiazontas sthn kamera.

    O repoymplikanos ypochfios dhlwse ayto to kalokairi oti an ginotan proedros mia epembash twn HPA gia na bohqhsoyn mia xwra toy NATO poy kindyneyei den qa qewreitai aytonohth, prokalwntas antidraseis aganakthshs.

    Mia apo tis basikes arxes toy NATO orizei oti mia epiqesh enantion enos ek twn melwn ths symmaxias einai epiqesh enantion toy synoloy ths symmaxias -ena shmeio poy oi HPA yposthrijan meta tis epiqeseis ths 11hs Septembrioy kai poy aitiologhse thn epembash toy NATO sto Afganistan.

    ``Qelw na diabebaiwsw toys symmaxoys mas sthn Iapwnia, th Notia Korea kai alloy: exoyme amyntikes symfwnies kai qa tis thrhsoyme'' dhlwse h Klinton.

    O 70xronos arxarios sthn politikh breqhke syxna se qesh amynas, xanontas pros stigmhn th sxetikh hremia thn opoia eixe epideijei apo thn arxh ths synomilias kai eipe oti ``oi paradosiakes proseggiseis apetyxan, einai kairos na perasoyme se kati allo''.

    ``H Xilari exei empeiria, symfwnw, alla einai mia kakh empeiria'', dhlwse o Tramp kataggellontas oles tis synqhkes poy ypografhkan epi proedrias Mparak Ompama, me prwth metajy aytwn th symfwnia gia to iraniko pyrhniko programma. ``An koitajete th Mesh Anatolh, einai to plhres xaos, se ena megalo baqmo me th kaqodhghsh sas''kathgorhse th synomilhtria toy o Tramp menontas sthn ayjhsh ths dynamhs toy Islamikoy Kratoys.

    ``Oi lejeis exoyn shmasia''

    ``Milate gia to IK alla hsaste ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn otan h organwsh htan akomh sta arxika ths stadia. Twra exei paroysia se perissoteres apo 30 xwres. Kai eseis qelete na th stamathsete; Den to nomizw'' eipe o Tramp.

    Epairomenos gia th ``logikh toy'' kai th ``nootropia toy nikhth'' poy ton diakatexei, o Tramp diabebaiwse oti h epityxia toy ston epixeirhmatiko tomea einai ena pragmatiko atoy gia th dieqnh politikh skhnh.

    O Tramp yposthrije gia allh mia fora mia ligotero parembatikh proseggish oson afora thn amerikanikh ejwterikh politikh. ``Oi HPA den mporoyn na einai "oi xwrofylakes toy kosmoy"''.``Qelw fysika na bohqhsw oloys toy symmaxoys mas, alla xanoyme disekatommyria disekatommyriwn dolariwn''.

    To qema twn pyrhnikwn htan ayto poy h prwhn epikefalhs ths amerikanikhs diplwmatias edeije th megalyterh pygmh kanontas logo gia ``symperifora kabalieroy'' toy epixeirhmatia se ena toso eyaisqhths shmasias qema.

    ``Enas anqrwpos poy pairnei fwtia me ena mhnyma sto Twitter pote den qa prepei na exei ta xeria toy konta se pyrhnikoys kwdikoys'' dhlwse.

    Dinontas emfash sthn amerikanikh politikh gia thn katapolemhsh ths diadoshs twn pyrhnikwn oplwn poy efarmozetai epi dekaeties apo oloys toys proedroys, dhmokratikoys kai repoymplikanoys, h Klinton dierwthqhke gia thn ikanothta krishs enos ypochfioy ``o opoios eipe epaneilhmmena oti den ton noiazei an alla krath apokthsoyn pyrhnika opla: h Iapwnia, h Notia Korea akomh kai h Saoydikh Arabia''.

    ``Oi lejeis exoyn shmasia oti eiste ypochfios gia thn proedria. Kai exoyn akomh megalyterh otan eiste proedros'' tonise telos h dhmokratikh ypochfia xwris na rijei oyte ena blemma ston antipalo ths.

    Diabaste epishs:Se ychloys tonoys h prwth thlemaxia Klinton - Tramp

    [14] Gallia kai Germania paroysiazoyn toys sxediasmoys toys gia thn eyrwpaikh amyna

    H Gallia kai h Germania anamenetai na paroysiasoyn shmera thn protash toys -to pio filodojo sxedio ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs gia thn koinh amyna tis teleytaies dyo dekaeties - kai na katabaloyn prospaqeia na peisoyn toys epifylaktikoys anatolikoeyrwpaioys kai na apofygoyn mia sygkroysh me th Bretania gia to mellon oson afora thn amyna afoy ta dyo merh paroyn ``diazygio''.

    Oi ypoyrgoi Amynas ths EE, anamesa toys kai o Maikl Falon ths Bretanias, qa epejergastoyn tis gallogermanikes protaseis wste apo to eyry fasma idewn na prokycei mia synektikh strathgikh, ikanh na egkriqei sth Synodo Koryfhs toy Dekembrioy.

    H Bretania, poy diathrei plhrh dikaiwmata chfoy wsotoy apoxwrhsei apo thn EE, emmenei sto oti ta sxedia toy Berolinoy kai toy Parisioy den prepei na apodynamwsoyn to NATO. Me th qesh ths sympleoyn h Polwnia kai oi xwres ths Baltikhs.

    Protaseis opws h apo koinoy xrhsh eqnikwn porwn, h embaqynsh ths synergasias se eyrwpaikes apostoles kai h dhmioyrgia enos koinoy eyrwpaikoy strathgeioy anadeiknyontai ston pio apto tropo poy oi kybernhseis skopeyoyn na prowqhsoyn mia isxyroterh oloklhrwsh sto pedio ths amynas meta thn chfo yper toy Brexit.

    Oi idees aytes xronologoyntai apo ta telh toy 1990. To gallogermaniko sxedio aposkopei na enisxysei tis dynatothtes ths EE gia thn analhch drashs xwris na xreiazetai h bohqeia twn HPA gia thn antimetwpish krisewn kai proklhsewn sta synora ths, apo krath ypo dialysh ws thn epiqetikoterh politikh ths Rwsias.

    Oi eyrwpaikes stratiwtikes dapanes apoteloyn ena klasma aytwn twn HPA kai elaxistes xwres, anamesa toys h Bretania, h Esqonia kai h Ellada, dapanoyn megala posa gia thn amyna.

    ``H prwtoboylia einai sxediasmenh gia mia isxyrh Eyrwph'', ypogrammise h ypoyrgos Amynas ths Germanias Oyrsoyla fon nter Laien. H Eyrwph ``epiqymei epishs na exei kales sxeseis me th Bretania sto mellon, eidika sto pedio ths amynas'', prosqese milwntas sto praktoreio eidhsewn Roiters prin apo to symboylio twn ypoyrgwn.

    H Bretania enantiwnotan se aytoys toys sxediasmoys epi xronia, kaqws kai mono h idea enos eyrwstratoy poy qa dioikeitai apo tis Bryjelles thn qorybei. Alla h Gallia, poy mazi me th Bretania apotelei th megalyterh stratiwtikh dynamh sthn Eyrwph, blepei twra mia eykairia na askhsei hgesia, kaqws to Londino den mporei pleon na qetei proskommata.

    Anamesa stis protaseis einai h ayjhsh twn eyrwpaikwn dapanwn gia stratiwtikes apostoles, h apo koinoy anaptyjh porwn opws elikoptera kai thlekateyqynomena mh epandrwmena enaeria oxhmata (UAVs), h epektash twn eirhneytikwn apostolwn sto ejwteriko kai h anaptyjh isxyroterwn meswn prostasias enanti xaker oi opoioi droyn gia logariasmo kratwn.

    Sthn Mpratislaba, h Eyrwpaikh Epitroph qa ypobalei epishs thn protash na ekdidontai koina omologa gia thn amyna, wste na antloyntai kefalaia gia ereyna kai anaptyjh.

    Wstoso oi sxediasmoi aytoi endexetai na mhn proxwrhsoyn, para th nea toys ormh.

    To Londino diamhnyei oti qa yperaspistei ta symferonta toy sto pedio ths amynas oso paramenei entos EE, kaqws qewrei oti oi filodojies twn 27 endexetai na afairesoyn poroys apo to NATO. H Bretania ypologizei sth sthrijh ths Polwnias, poy epishs anhsyxei gia to endexomeno apodynamwshs toy Boreioatlantikoy Symfwnoy. Oi perissoteres xwres melh ths EE, opws h Germania ki h Gallia, einai taytoxrona melh ths symmaxias ypo thn hgesia twn HPA kai syneisferoyn strateymata toso stis eyrwpaikes oso kai stis natoikes dynameis taxeias antidrashs.

    To diplwmatiko zhtoymeno sthn Mpratislaba qa einai na peistei to Londino pws h isxyroterh amyna ths EE einai pros to symferon toy NATO, kata ton Oyrmas Paet, prwhn ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn ths Esqonias, shmera eyrwboyleyth ths politikhs omadas twn Fileleyqerwn sto EK.

    H EE xreiazetai ejalloy th Bretania, mia apo tis eyrwpaikes xwres poy einai se qesh na hghqoyn megalwn stratiwtikwn apostolwn, ws etairo.

    ``To NATO xreiazetai eparkh yposthrijh kai h Bretania blepei orismenes diastaseis twn filodojiwn ths EE poy qewrei xrhsimes, gia paradeigma oson afora thn tromokratia kai thn kybernoasfaleia'', eipe o Paet. ``Xreiazetai aplws na apofygoyme thn allhloepikalych''.

    [15] Anepibebaiwtes ektimhseis gia ypogeio wkeano ston Ploytwna

    Apo tote poy to skafos ``Neoi Orizontes'' (New Horizons) ths Amerikanikhs Diasthmikhs Yphresias (NASA) perase konta apo ton Ploytwna perysi to kalokairi, ayjanontai oi endeijeis -me bash ta stoixeia poy exei steilei ews twra- pws o nanos planhths filojenei ena wkeano katw apo thn pagwmenh epifaneia toy.Twra, mia nea meleth Amerikanwn gewlogwn qewrei megalh thn piqanothta na yparxei enas ypogeios wkeanos neroy baqoys anw twn 100 xiliometrwn. Sygkritika, sth Gh poy einai peripoy 50 fores megalyterh apo ton Ploytwna, o baqyteros wkeanos den jeperna ta 11 xiliometra.

    Oi ereynhtes, me epikefalhs ton epikoyro kaqhghth Mpranton Tzonson toy Tmhmatos Gewepisthmwn kai Planhtikwn Episthmwn toy Panepisthmioy Mpraoyn, poy ekanan th sxetikh dhmosieysh sto amerikaniko periodiko gewfysikhs ``Geophysical Research Letters'', ektimoyn oti o wkeanos, poy piqanws brisketai katw apo thn epipedh ektash 900 xiliometrwn me thn onomasia Sputnik Planum, exei periektikothta se alati 30%, osh peripoy h Nekra Qalassa sth Mesh Anatolh.

    Oi nees ektimhseis basizontai pantws mono se ypologistika montela poy prosomoiwnoyn tis piqanes gewlogikes diadikasies ston Ploytwna, synepws xreiazontai epibebaiwsh apo parathrhseis.

    Kati ``trexei'' kai sthn Eyrwph

    Omws, ligo pio konta mas, kati ``trexei'' me to doryforo Eyrwph toy Dia, poy opws pisteyoyn polloi episthmones, periexei ena ypogeio wkeano. H NASA anakoinwse ek twn proterwn oti apoce (21:00 wra Elladas) qa kanei mia shmantikh anakoinwsh sxetika me asynhqisth drasthriothta ston en logw doryforo.

    [16] Dhmioyrghqhke to pio makroxrono istoriko arxeio qermokrasiwn ths Ghs se baqos 2 ekat. etwn

    Gia prwth fora oi episthmones exoyn sta xeria toys ena -kat' ektimhsh- synexomeno arxeio twn metabolwn ths qermokrasias toy planhth, to opoio phgainei se megalo baqos xronoy, fqanontas ta dyo ekatommyria eth sto parelqon. Apo ayto oi klimatologoi mporoyn na bgaloyn kapoia symperasmata gia to pws qa allajei to klima sth Gh sto mellon. Kai oi endeijeis einai mallon dysoiwnes.

    Mexri shmera eixan yparjei ektimhseis gia tis qermokrasies toy parelqontos, oi opoies efqanan akomh pio pisw, ews ta tria ekatommyria xronia, alla estiazan se memonwmenes xronikes periodoys. H makryterh synexomenh katagrafh twn qermokrasiwn eixe paei pisw mono 22.000 xronia.

    Oi ereynhtes, me epikefalhs thn Karolain Snainter ths Yphresias Prostasias Periballontos twn HPA, poy ekanan th sxetikh dhmosieysh sto periodiko "Nature", xrhsimopoihsan mia pleiada stoixeiwn, opws gewtrhseis pyrhnwn apo byqoys wkeanwn, kaqws kai diafora klimatologika montela, gia na kanoyn diaxronikes ektimhseis sxetika me tis parelqoyses metaboles ths meshs pagkosmias qermokrasias (kati kaqoloy eykolo).

    Opws eipe h Snainter, proketai aplws gia ena ``shmeio ekkinhshs'' kai to qermokrasiako arxeio sto mellon qa beltiwqei peraiterw me th synexh prosqhkh newn stoixeiwn. H pagkosmia qermokrasia emfanise stadiakh ptwtikh tash ews prin apo 1,2 ekat. xronia, opote staqeropoihqhke sxetika.

    Oson afora th mellontikh problech, h meleth ektima oti akomh ki an to atmosfairiko diojeidio toy anqraka staqeropoihqei sta shmerina epipeda, h mesh qermokrasia exei hdh mpei se troxia gia na ayjhqei kata treis ews epta baqmoys Kelsioy (kata meso oro pente) mesa stis epomenes liges xilieties, dhladh poly perissotero apo o,ti elpizei shmera h dieqnhs koinothta.

    [17] Ta plysimo twn synqetikwn royxwn sto plynthrio rypainei to periballon

    Ta synqetika royxa poy pleontai sto plynthrio, idiws ta akrylika, rypainoyn to periballon, kaqws apeleyqerwnoyn swreia mikroskopikwn plastikwn swmatidiwn, ta opoia katalhgoyn stis qalasses, symfwna me mia nea bretanikh episthmonikh ereyna.

    Oi episthmones ypologisan oti enas kyklos plysimatos eji kilwn sto plynthrio mporei na apeleyqerwsei panw apo 700.000 tetoies plastikes ines sto periballon. To xeirotero eidos synqetikoy royxoy apo apoch rypanshs einai to akryliko, poy apeleyqerwnei sxedon 730.000 synqetika swmatidia ana kyklo plysimatos, pentaplasia se sxesh me ta polyesterika-bambakera royxa (138.000) kai sxedon miamish fora perissotera se sxesh me ta sketa polyesterika (496.000).

    Oi ereynhtes toy Panepisthmioy toy Plimoyq, me epikefalhs ton kaqhghth qalassias biologias Ritsarnt Tomson, eidiko se qemata qalassias rypanshs, poy ekanan th sxetikh dhmosieysh sto periodiko ``Marine Pollution Bulletin'', perasan ena xrono plenontas se oikiaka plynthria diaforetika royxa se qermokrasies 30 ews 40 baqmwn Kelsioy kai me diaforetika aporrypantika. Sth synexeia, anelysan se hlektroniko mikroskopio ta apoblhta kaqe plyshs kai to ``apotypwma'' ths sto periballon.

    Oi mikroskopikes plastikes ines tajideyoyn mesw twn apoxeteysewn kai fqanoyn stis egkatastaseis biologikoy kaqarismoy, opoy ena meros toys katakrateitai kai ena allo katalhgei stis qalasses. H akribhs epiptwsh toys sto periballon den exei akomh melethqei kai katanohqei plhrws, alla, symfwna me tis ews twra meletes, mporei na molynei thn trofikh alysida.


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