Scientists: Overfishing, uncontrolled development, detrimental to
NEWS IN DETAIL
Reppas stresses Greek interest in Cyprus
The government said today that Foreign Undersecretary Christos Rozakis'
visit to Nicosia was indicative of its ''particular interest'' in the
Government spokesman Dimitris Reppas said that Rozakis, who arrived in
Cyprus yesterday at the head of a delegation, would have talks with the
Cyprus government and opposition parties in order to gain a ''comprehensive
view'' of the problem.
The delegation will be discussing a common stance between Athens and
Nicosia regarding latest developments on the Cyprus problem in view of a US
initiative expected to be taken within the next few months.
''There is a new period before us in view of US elections and also because
the time is approaching for the commencement of negotiations on Cyprus'
accession to the European Union. There is also talk of initiatives being
taken and besides, there is increased movement (on the Cyprus problem),''
''For this reason,'' Reppas added, ''and in order that there be no
surprises and in order for there to be better coordination, all these
efforts are being made, including the foreign undersecretary's visit to
Rozakis described as ''fruitful'' his meeting today with Cyprus President
Glafcos Clerides during which he was briefed on Nicosia's positions on the
Cyprus problem, according to an ANA despatch from the Cyprus capital.
Speaking to reporters after the meeting, Rozakis said that the purpose of
the Greek delegation's contacts with the Cyprus government was ''to gather
the material which is necessary in order to finalize positions in view of
the new phase into which the Cyprus problem is entering''.
Rozakis said the delegation would be having further contacts later today
and tomorrow ''in order to gain a comprehensive picture and work out its
views when it returns to Athens''.
Reppas predicts speedier resolution of FYROM issue
Government spokesman Dimitris Reppas today forecast a speeding up of
procedures to resolve ''the major problem'' of the name of the Former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM).
Reppas made the statement when asked by reporters if the resolution of the
name issue was a prerequisite for a visit to FYROM by a Greek minister or
for high-level talks between the two Balkan neighbours.
The spokesman underlined also that Greece's relations with FYROM were
governed by the 1995 interim agreement.
''On the Greek side, there is a desire for cooperation,'' Reppas added.
Main opposition deputies gathering signatures to avoid party split
Main opposition New Democracy (ND) deputies George Sourlas and Vangelis
Meimarakis have begun gathering signatures from ND deputies representing
all factions within the party and aimed at diffusing disagreements as well
as averting the possibility of split.
The text is expected to be submitted to the three ND former prime ministers,
Constantine Karamanlis, Constantine Mitsotakis and George Rallis as well as
to party leader Miltiades Evert, George Souflias, Ioannis Varvitsiotis,
Constantine Tsaldaris and Yiannis Kefalogiannis, in order to pressure those
leading ND members to meet and agree on the party's course towards an
The text notes that "the (party's) grass roots are anxious for what is
happening in the party and there must be a meeting between leading members
to find a joint plan, and ND to be led smoothly to the congress."
EU Commissioner Papoutsis satisfied with meetings in Skopje, Tirana
Greek European Commissioner Christos Papoutsis expressed satisfaction
yesterday with the results of his Saturday visit to the Former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) and his contacts with the Albanian leadership
in Tirana on Friday.
In a meeting with FYROM President Kiro Gligorov on Saturday, Mr. Papoutsis
explained the potential benefits of cooperation with neighbouring countries
and the definitive role Greece could play in strengthening FYROM's
relations with the European Union (EU ).
The EU Commissioner for energy, small-to-medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)
and tourism told a press conference on Saturday that he had emphasised the
EU's encouragement of every effort at regional cooperation in the energy
sector, which he said would cont ribute to the growth of harmonious
relations with neighbouring countries. He noted his efforts to overcome
reservations regarding the strategy of a regional approach to problem-
solving, explaining that this was mandatory in the energy sector, due to
the i ncreased demand for energy. Energy supplies, he commented, should be
secured by avoiding political dependencies.
Mr. Papoutsis proposed that the FYROM government cooperate with the EU to
formulate a comprehensive study of the country's energy needs, to organise
a conference on promoting energy cooperation with the EU and to participate
in the EU's Task Force in se eking out joint investment ventures in the
He added that during his talks with FYROM government officials, he had
observed the existence of political will to cooperate with Greece, as well
as a commitment to resolve all problems through political dialogue and
regional cooperation. He also noted that the European Commission had been
observing the FYROM government's efforts towards broadening democracy,
respect for human rights and a transition to a market economy.
In talks with Albanian President Sali Berisha, Prime Minister Aleksander
Meksi and cabinet ministers in Tirana on Friday, Mr. Papoutsis noted that
closer cooperation with Albania in the energy sector would support economic
growth and political stability i n the country. This, he said, would open
the door to private investment and markets for that country's energy
The commissioner agreed with Tirana's desire to extend the Greek natural
gas pipeline to the border with Albania so that both countries could
exploit Albania's storage potential. He also announced that a feasibility
study on the project had been include d in the supplement to the inter-
European energy networks. Mr. Papoutsis noted that an appropriate security
framework would be a decisive factor in attracting foreign capital, and
urged Albania to participate in EU programmes for developing small-and-medi
um-sized businesses, as well as tourism.
With regard to the possibility of full accession to the EU, the EU
Commissioner replied that for the time being efforts should be concentrated
on creating a framework to allow this eventual goal to be approached step
Recent local elections in Albania had been an encouraging sign, he said,
adding the hope that EU Commissioner Hans van den Broek would soon gain
approval from the Council of Ministers to begin negotiations for a new
upgraded cooperation agreement with A lbania.
On his part, Mr. Berisha drew attention to the significant contribution
Greece has made to improving relations between Albania and the EU. He
particularly praised President of the Republic Kostis Stephanopoulos,
saying his visit to Albania had opened up new horizons for bilateral
Cyprus House president in Athens for talks with Greek leadership
Cypriot House of Representatives Pres ident Spyros Kyprianou arrived in
Athens yesterday afternoon following an invitation by Parliament President
"It must be made clear that we are not willing to accept pressure
whichIclosely approaches Turkish positions," Mr. Kyprianou said on arrival
at Athens airport.
The Cypriot leader expressed his concern over initiatives expected to be
forwarded by the United States and Britain, saying that the results British
envoy Sir David Hanney had from his contacts in Athens, Ankara and Nicosia
revealed that Turkey has not changed its position and insists on a policy
it has been exercising over the past 22 years.
"We are concerned because when the European Parliament decided to exercise
certain pressures on Turkey, both the US and European governments converted
the Europarliament into an object of criticism, even while the US was in a
pre-election period," Mr. Kyprianou said.
"No-one can hope with any certainty that they will improve their positions
after the elections. Therefore, we are worried, lest their initiative is
not in the right direction and they exercise pressures on our side for
Mr. Kyprianou also spoke of Turkey's efforts to adopt a future solution to
the Cyprus issue in the form of a rotating presidency.
"We believe that our system must remain, even if it is not entirely fair.
The president being Greek, and we accept the vice-president being Turkish,"
His visit to Athens aims to further improve cooperation between the Greek
and Cypriot Parliaments in matters of promoting Hellenism and better
coordination for informing parliaments of third countries on the issue.
Mr. Kyprianou is scheduled to meet with President of the Republic Kostis
Stephanopoulos, Prime Minister Costas Simitis, Foreign Minister Theodoros
Pangalos, National Defence Minister Akis Tsohatzopoulos and the leaders of
all political parties.
Greek priorities concerning review of Maastricht Treaty
PASOK Eurodeputy and Greece's representative at the Intergovernmental
Conference, Yiannos Kranidiotis, yesterday commented on Greece's priorities
regarding review of the Maastricht Treaty.
Greece considered the safeguarding of Europe's citizens' fundamental rights
(economic, political and social) to be paramount, including the right to
Secondly, Mr. Kranidiotis said, Greece believes joint foreign policy should
be strengthened and that respect for territorial integrity and borders of
member-states should be included in the new Treaty basic principles.
Finally, an effort should be made to maintain the principle of equality
Mr. Kranidiotis said that a French-German proposal for "reinforced
cooperation" would lead to the creation of a hard core of states with
powers to take initiatives. Greece, he added, would have no objection to
such cooperation in matters of defence, jus tice, police or internal
matters, but was against any concentration of power with regard to the
internal market, economy or trade.
FYROM president refers to Greek economic role in Balkans as favourable
Greece's leading role in economic cooperation in the Balkans was
recognised as favourable by Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)
President Kiro Gligorov, in an interview published in a Belgrade daily on
While Greece had the right, as the only Balkan country in the European
Union (EU), to play such a role, Mr. Gligorov nevertheless expressed the
view that Athens did not exploit its EU and NATO membership to the fullest
with regard to peace initiatives a s well as economic and cultural
cooperation in the Balkans. If Greece chose to do so, he noted, it would
open the way for a different kind of relationship among nations in the
Mr. Gligorov characterised a Sept. 13, 1995 interim agreement signed with
Greece as being of historic importance, since Greece recognised the
existence of FYROM and the international legality of the border between the
Efforts should now be concentrated on developing cooperation in the
economic, cultural, environmental and legal sectors, he added.
Meanwhile, the FYROM president referred to efforts by certain neighbouring
countries to influence domestic affairs. In particular, he mentioned a
recent meeting in Serbia of FYROM Serbs, as well as the problem with
Bulgaria, which regards the language spoken in the FYROM as a Bulgarian
Scientists: Overfishing, uncontrolled development detrimental to Mediterranean
A group of scientists appealed on Saturday from Kavalla for an end to
uncontrolled commercial fishing, fish farming and tourism development in
The appeal came from 26 representatives from Bulgaria, Romania, the Ukraine,
Turkey, Armenia, Albania, Israel, Russia and Greece, as well as other
After a week of discussions on commercial fishing and environmental damage
in the Mediterranean and Black Sea, the scientists concluded that
overfishing and uncontrolled development are the main problems of
Mediterranean coastal areas.
The scientists predicted that a host of technical measures, which have been
forwarded within the EU's Common Fishing Policy, will cause intense
problems in the northern Aegean region -characterised by a broad continental
shelf close to the surface.
They said that a pending reduction in fishing areas, coupled with
anticipated fishing activity will have damaging effects on production.
The experts further drew attention to uncontrolled fishing and pollution in
the Black Sea, urging coordination of action and planning of a common
administrative policy to deal with such problems.
Black Sea Economic Cooperation alternate director Dan Barliba stressed the
need for further cooperation with scientists from Black Sea countries as
well as initiatives to explore the possibilities for common research
programmes within the framework of E U and international organisations'
FOREIGN EXCHANGE (Buying)
U.S. dlr 236.691 Can. dlr.176.794, Australian dlr. 186.759 Pound sterling
388.547, Irish punt 386.582, Cyprus pd 512.606, French franc 46.150, Swiss
franc 185.802 Belgian franc 7.653, German mark 155.769 Finnish mark 52.042,
Dutch guilder 138.954 Danish Kr. 40.583, Swedish Kr. 35.922, Norwegian Kr.
37.041, Austrian Sh. 22.151, Italian lira (100) 15.595 Yen (100) 208.072
Spanish Peseta 1.850, Portuguese Escudo 1.538.