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Athens News Agency: News in English, 97-03-15

Athens News Agency: News in English Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.forthnet.gr/ape>


NEWS IN ENGLISH

ATHENS, Greece, 15/03/1997 (ANA)

MAIN HEADLINES

  • New Albanian gov't, insurgents, request peacekeeping force, Kranidiotis says
  • Defence leadership considers situation
  • Evacuation of foreign nationals from Albania
  • New Tirana gov't
  • Simitis, Italy's D'Alema meet
  • Mortar bomb explosion

    NEWS IN DETAIL

    New Albanian gov't, insurgents request peacekeeping force, Kranidiotis says

    After eight-hours of talks with new Albanian Prime Minister Bakshim Fino and committees of rebel forces aboard an Italian frigate in the Adriatic yesterday, Foreign Undersecretary Yiannos Kranidiotis, who accompanied OS CE envoy Franz Vranitsky, said the situation in Albania was especially serious and called on Europe to assume is responsibilities.

    "Today's meeting was very useful. We met with Mr. Fino, the foreign minister, and the chief of the Albanian army. They conveyed the request for the immediate formation of an international peace force that will restore order. The same request was made by the delegates of the 15 (insurgents) committees, which stated that they support the new government, while insisting on the resignation of (Albanian President Sali) Berisha and compensation for the money (Albanian citizens) lost," he said, referring to the failed pyramid schemes that sparked the crisis.

    "These delegates held a unanimous stand and claimed that they represented all the rebel forces. They stressed that this is not a civil war, it is not a north-south confrontation, but an outburst caused by lack of democracy and the economic problems," he added.

    Replying to a questions, Mr. Kranidiotis said it was not clear whether it would be the OSCE or the UN that would form the multinational force, and that would have to be discussed with European partners.

    Defence leadership considers situation

    Greek military chiefs yesterday participated in successive meetings at the defence ministry focusing the deteriorating situation in Albania.

    Reports said emergency measures had been implemented on the Greek-Albanian frontier and that a regiment was ready to participate in a multinational force that would head to the neighbouring nation if necessary.

    With regard to a possible multinational peacekeeping force for Albania, government spokesman Dimitris Reppas said Athens would participate only if an official written request were made on behalf of all political forces in Albania, with a specific legal framework and under the auspices and control of an international organisation. Nevertheless, he emphasised that the necessary conditions for such an undertaking did not yet exist.

    Mr. Reppas added that Greece had made preparations to receive refugees from Albania in line with a request from the United Nations High Commission for Refugees, a request also been made to Italy.

    WEU, political leadership

    Meanwhile, the president of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Western European Union (WEU), Luis Maria de Puig, yesterday said he hoped Albania's problems could be solved through peaceful means, but added that if the situation deteriorated further Europe would consider intervening.

    "It would be really hopeful if the problem in Albania could be settled through peaceful means. But if the situation worsens, then Europe can not remain silent without resorting to action, (but) would consider whether there was need to intervene," Mr. de Puig told reporters after a meeting with Parliament President Apostolos Kaklamanis.

    Mr. de Puig later discussed the Albanian crisis with Prime Minister Costas Simitis and main opposition leader Miltiades Evert.

    Evacuation

    The second operation by Greek armed forces to evacuate foreign citizens from Albania ended successfully early on Saturday afternoon.

    By 1:35 p.m., 250 people, mainly Chinese, Jordanian and Egyptian nationals, had boarded the "Kavaloudis" missile boat. They headed for Corfu on board the frigate "Aegaio", which had been moored in the port of Durres.

    Yesterday, 50 Greek and foreign nationals were evacuated from the Albanian port of Durres yesterday by a Hellenic Navy missile boat, which arrived in Corfu at around 7 p.m.

    In Athens, the Greek Red Cross launched a mass appeal for food and medical aid for Albania.

    Mortar shell

    Meanwhile, a mortar shell fired from Albanian territory exploded yesterday a short distance from the border post of Krystallopigi, Florina. Greek customs officials and police estimate the shell was fired from a distance of three kilometres, probably fro m the nearby Albanian village of Kapsitsa.

    The customs post on the Albanian side was abandoned by its staff on Thursday.

    General Army Staff sources said today that the mortar shell explosion was a pure accident.

    The sources said the shell, fired from a Chinese or Russian-made 82 mm mortar was accidentally fired from a distance of between 2800 and 3200 metres, from an army camp east of the village of Kapsista.

    According to the same sources, the shell was fired by mistake by a group of armed Albanians who were inspecting the mortar in the army camp.

    New Tirana gov't

    The new Albanian government under new Prime Minister Bashkim Fino yesterday received a vote of confidence in Parliament.

    Afterwards, Mr. Fino verified that in his meeting with OSCE mediator Franz Vranitzky, the Albanian government requested the dispatch of a peacekeeping force, while he called his talks with Foreign Undersecretary Yiannos Kranidiotis very positive, noting that he is counting on aid and cooperation with Greece.

    The new Albanian prime minister said that there are no "winners or losers, only losers" from the crisis, promising justice and objectivity in the operation of the secret services and state television.

    Simitis, Italy's D'Alema speak on 'challenges of the Left'

    Prime Minister and PASOK leader Costas Simitis along with the national secretary of Italy's Democratic Left Party Massimo D'Alema were the two main speakers at an event yesterday in Athens entitled "The Left Before the Challenges of Europe Tomorrow".

    Both leaders agreed in their assessments that the main issue today is none other than the problems created by the globalisation of the economy and the need to provide answers for them. Both said that only the modern left can provide these answers.

    More understanding for Greek positions after briefing of EU on Imia, Simitis notes

    There is much more understanding for Greece's positions after Athens launched a diplomatic campaign to inform European Union member-states on Greek-Turkish relations following the Imia incident, Prime Minister Costas Simitis told Parliament yesterday.

    Regarding a recent "Wall Street Journal" article referring to a briefing of US correspondents in Ankara by Turkish military leaders, which reported the disputing of "scores" of Aegean islands by Turkey's military leadership as far as Crete, the premier said:

    "The Greek government has considerable information confirming that the Turkish side raises issues and makes claims.

    "The Greek government's answer is not based on other maps or evidence. It is based on specific facts which are real and of which the Greek government has knowledge," Mr. Simitis said.

    Athens reacted strongly to reports that Turkish military leaders were disputing a series of Greek islands, saying that such claims were "too wild for words and ludicrous."

    However, Foreign Minister Theodoros Pangalos noted that the matter was important because Greece had always believed that the real power in Turkey was yielded by the military.

    G. Papandreou talks with Spanish counterpart de Neguel cover several issues

    Alternate Foreign Minister George Papandreou yesterday held five-hour talks in Madrid with his Spanish counterpart Ramon de Neguel on issues related to developments in Albania, relations between the European Union and Turkey, the Cyprus issue and various EU-related issues.

    On the question of Albania, the two sides agreed to the need for a political solution to be sought with the participation of all the sides involved.

    Mr. Papandreou underlined the special problems created for Greece by the present situation prevailing in Albania. He reiterated Athens' proposal for immediate aid in foodstuffs in the country together with economic support. He also repeated Greece's standing position on the Cyprus issue, while the Spanish side showed understanding.

    Referring to relations between the EU and Turkey, Mr. Papandreou said there is no objection to Turkey's European orientation, however, he reiterated that certain preconditions should be met, namely, resolution of the Cyprus issue, Turkey's stance on the


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