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The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in Greek, 03-05-31

The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Hellenic Radio (ERA) <www.ert.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA

  • [01] Pagkosmia Hmera kata toy Kapnismatos

    [01] Pagkosmia Hmera kata toy Kapnismatos

    Tzenh Xaralampidoy 31/5/2003 12:03:00 pm

    Idiaitera dhmofilhs kai apo tis pleon epiblabeis sygxrones synhqeies, to kapnisma enoxopoieitai gia thn emfanish sobarotatwn paqhsewn kai gia toys qanatoys 4 ekatom. anqrwpwn ethsiws. H fetinh Pagkosmia Hmera kata toy Kapnismatos, h 31h Maioy, sympiptei me thn ypografh symfwnias Ypoyrgeioy Ygeias kai SEB, poy perilambanei aysthra metra gia thn prostasia twn paqhtikwn kapnistwn se dhmosioys xwroys kai xwroys ergasias, kaqws h Ellada katexei th 2h qesh paneyrwpaika sto pososto twn kapnistwn. Symfwna me ereyna toy ELIKAR, to 37% twn paqhtikwn kapnistwn kapoia xronikh stigmh ths zwhs toys qa ekdhlwsoyn stefaniaia noso. Fetos, h Pagkosmia Hmera kata toy Kapnismatos einai afierwmenh sthn "patajh" ths emmeshs diafhmishs toy kapnoy.

    To kapnisma apo tis megalyteres apeiles mas

    H Ellhnikh Antikapnistikh Etaireia epishmainei oti to kapnisma paramenei mia apo tis megalyteres aities prowroy qanatoy sth sygxronh koinwnia mas. H xwra mas exei to qlibero pronomio na exei ena apo ta pio arnhtika statistika stoixeia ston tomea ayto.

    Symfwna me tis teleytaies ektimhseis sth xwra mas:

    Panw apo toys misoys andres kapnizoyn. To pososto twn gynaikwn kapnistriwn ayjanetai shmantika ta teleytaia xronia. To 45% twn andrwn poy den kapnizoyn, kapnizoyn paqhtika se xwroys opoy briskontai me gnwstoys h filoys toys. To antistoixo pososto stis gynaikes, paqhtikes kapnistries, jeperna to 35%.

    Dieqnws pisteyetai oti:

    4 ekatommyria anqrwpoi peqainoyn kaqe xrono apo tis blaberes epiptwseis toy kapnismatos. H problech gia to 2030 einai oti oi qanatoi qa fqasoyn ta 10 ekatommyria. An den perioristei to fainomeno ths xrhshs tsigarwn, oi perissoteroi mellontikoi qanatoi ejaitias ayths ths synhqeias gia ta epomena 50 xronia qa exoyn ws qymata aytoys poy kapnizoyn shmera kai idiws ta neara atoma poy twra arxizoyn to kapnisma.

    Ean oloi osoi kapnizoyn shmera kocoyn to tsigaro o karkinos qa meiwqei kata 30% ektimoyn oi episthmones.

    Ta metra gia thn prostasia twn paqhtikwn kapnistwn

    Endiaferon paroysiazei kai mia ekqesh poy egine gia to paqhtiko kapnisma se ergasiakoys kai dhmosioys xwroys. Sto plaisio ayths ths meleths, topoqethqhkan eidika filtra metrhshs nikotinhs se nosokomeia, panepisthmia, sxoleia, sidhrodromikoys staqmoys, aerodromia, estiatoria kai mpar. Apo ta prwta apotelesmata meta thn katagrafh toy posostoy yparjhs nikotinhs ston kaqe xwro, proekyce oti h Ellada, h Aystria kai h Gallia exoyn kata poly ychlotera pososta nikotinhs stoys xwroys aytoys apo o,ti h Italia, h Ispania kai h Soyhdia, xwres poy symmeteixan sto idio programma.

    To keimeno ths symfwnias me ta metra gia toys paqhtikoys kapnistes sto opoio symfwnhsan to ypoyrgeio Ygeias se synergasia me ton SEB kai th GSEE anaferei rhta oti:

    Apagoreyetai to kapnisma stoys xwroys anamonhs, ypodoxhs, synallaghs kai proseleyshs toy koinoy stis aiqoyses synedriasewn, syneleysewn, amfiqeatra k.lp. Stoys ypoloipoys ergasiakoys xwroys mesa apo dialogo kai dimereis symfwnies ergazomenwn kai ergodotwn qa orizontai organwtika kai xwrotajika oi xwroi poy qa apagoreyetai h qa epitrepetai to kapnisma'' stis idiwtikes epixeirhseis.

    H diatajh qa efarmostei apo thn 1h Oktwbrioy 2003 gia toys xwroys anamonhs, ypodoxhs, synallaghs, proseleyshs toy koinoy, aiqoyses synedriasewn, syneleysewn, amfiqeatra, enw stoys ypoloipoys ergasiakoys xwroys apo thn 1h Martioy 2004.

    Oi Ellhnes jekinoyn apo thn efhbeia to kapnisma

    Treis stoys deka maqhtes sth xwra mas dokimazoyn tsigaro apo thn hlikia twn 13 etwn, enw perissoteroi apo toys misoys efhboys kapnistes, katanalwnoyn panw apo miso paketo thn hmera.

    Ta stoixeia ayta prokyptoyn apo ereyna poy pragmatopoihse to Ellhniko Idryma Kardiologias (EL.I.KAR) se 6.206 maqhtes Gymnasioy kai Lykeioy apo olh th xwra kai paroysiasthke me aformh thn Pagkosmia Hmera kata toy Kapnismatos.

    Symfwna me ta apotelesmata ths ereynas prokyptei, metajy allwn, oti to 65% twn efhbwn arxizoyn to kapnisma ystera apo parotrynsh filwn h symmaqhtwn, enw to 27% dokimazoyn to tsigaro apo periergeia.

    Oi kapnistes efhboi dhlwnoyn oti exoyn qetikh apoch gi' ayth th synhqeia kai pws apolambanoyn thn anoxh twn gonewn h twn daskalwn toys, kaqws oi perissoteroi efhboi proerxontai apo oikogeneia kapnistwn.

    O dieyqynths toy EL.I.KAR, kaqhghths Paylos Toytoyzas, ypogrammise oti oi andres ths meshs hlikias exoyn ews kai eji fores megalytero kindyno na ekdhlwsoyn qanathforo kardiako epeisodio se sxesh me toys mh kapnistes. Antistoixa, oi gynaikes poy kapnizoyn estw kai 1-4 tsigara thn hmera, exoyn diplasies piqanothtes na emfanisoyn isxaimikh kardiopaqeia, enw ean kapnizoyn peripoy 35 tsigara, tote o kindynos ejaplasiazetai.

    Sobaros einai o kindynos poy diatrexoyn kai oi paqhtikoi kapnistes. Symfwna me meleth toy EL.I.KAR ena sta eji atoma poy ektiqentai ston kapno, qa paroysiasoyn stefaniaia noso se kapoia stigmh ths zwhs toys.

    Sth xwra mas, 45% twn andrwn kai 37% twn gynaikwn ektiqentai ston kapno twn allwn. Oi xwroi me to pio entono paqhtiko kapnisma einai ta estiatoria kai akoloyqoyn ta mesa mazikhs metaforas kai oi dhmosies yphresies.

    Mhnyma ths hgesias toy ypoyrgeioy Ygeias

    Th megalyterh apeilh gia th dhmosia ygeia xarakthrise to kapnisma o ypoyrgos Ygeias kai Pronoias Kwstas Stefanhs, me aformh thn 31h Maioy, h opoia exei orisqei ws Pagkosmia Hmera kata toy Kapnismatos. Anaferomenos sta metra poy exoyn lhfqei o ypoyrgos tonizei oti ayta qa efarmozontai baqmiaia me odhgo to triptyxo peiqw, synainesh, enhmerwsh ypogrammizontas pws "prepei na efarmozontai me eyaisqhsia h opoia qa pistopoiei pws ta metra den strefontai pros toys kapnistes alla sto kapnisma, poy ektos apo toys idioys toys kapnistes blaptei sobara kai toys alloys". O k. Stefanhs kanei logo gia istorikh symfwnia sxetika me ton elegxo toy kapnoy poy epeteyxqh sth Geneyh me thn yioqethsh ths Symbashs Plaisio toy Pagkosmioy Organismoy Ygeias, h opoia apotelei thn prwth Dieqnh Symbash ston tomea ths ygeias.

    O yfypoyrgos Ygeias kai Pronoias Ektoras Nasiwkas proanaggellei oti oi Olympiakoi Agwnes toy 2004 qa diejaxqoyn xwris ypaiqria diafhmish proiontwn kapnoy kai pws thn 1h Ioylioy 2005 qa teqei se isxy h odhgia ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs gia thn epibolh perioristikwn metrwn sth diafhmish.

    PHGES:

    Pagkosmios Organismos Ygeias

    Ypoyrgeio Ygeias

    APE


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