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The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in Greek, 08-12-05

The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Hellenic Radio (ERA) <www.ert.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA

  • [01] Dieqnhs oikonomikh astaqeia
  • [02] Pagkosmia Hmera Drashs kata twn klimatikwn allagwn
  • [03] Apebiwse o Patriarxhs Rwsias Alejios
  • [04] Efyge h Oph Zoynh
  • [05] Prognwstikh meqodos-elpida gia karkinopaqeis
  • [06] Xhmiko oplo apo ...fobo
  • [07] Diplasiazetai to dwro Xristoygennwn gia toys anergoys
  • [08] Ypoxwrhsh toy argoy sta 42 $ to bareli
  • [09] Ptwsh 32% twn pwlhsewn aytokinhtwn to Noembrio
  • [10] Apergia me staseis stis sygkoinwnies

    [01] Dieqnhs oikonomikh astaqeia

    H ebdomada kleinei ptwtika gia tis xrhmatagores ths Eyrwphs. Omws, h timh toy petrelaioy na exei pesei peripoy sta 42 dollaria to bareli, poy apotelei istoriko xamhlo pentaetias.H Eyrwpaikh Kentrikh Trapeza edwse tonoys aisiodojias me th gennaia meiwsh twn epitokiwn ths.Wstoso, h apaisiodojia kyriarxei sthn allh pleyra toy Atlantikoy, opoy h anergia kalpazei, enw ejaggelletai neo mparaz apolysewn.Aprosdokhto plhgma yfeshs kai sthn Formula-1, apo opoy apoxwrei h HONDA.

    Eikones apognwshs epikratei stoys dromoys ths Neas Yorkhs, me astegoys na exoyn kanei o,ti einai dynaton, alla, to apotelesma einai na exoyn breqei stoys dromoys.Oi apolyseis ginontai me kataigistikoys ryqmoys. O kolossos twn amerikanikwn thlepikoinwniwn AT&T ejaggellei dwdeka xiliades apolyseis.To amerikaniko montelo, qysias triakosiwn saranta xiliadwn qesewn ergasias mono ton perasmeno mhna, akoloyqei akomh kai h megalyterh xrhmatisthriakh etairia ths Iapwnias "Nomoyra" apolyei enteka xiliades ypallhloys sto Londino!

    H amerikanikh oikonomia exase to Noembrio 533.000 qeseis ergasias, me apotelesma to pososto anergias na ayjhqei se 6,7%, ftanontas sto anwtero epipedo twn teleytaiwn toylaxiston 15 xronwn, anakoinwqhke shmera apo to ypoyrgeio Ergasias twn Hnwmenwn Politeiwn.O ariqmos twn anergwn stis HPA jeperna pleon ta 10 ekatommyria. To ypoyrgeio Ergasias kategrace to Noembrio 10,3 ekatommyria, ariqmo megalytero kata 2,7 ekatommyria se sxesh me ayton poy eixe katagrafei stis arxes toy xronoy.O ariqmos twn makroxronia anergwn, dhladh, anw twn 27 ebdomadwn xwris doyleia, anerxetai se 2,2 ekatommyria, gegonos poy metafrazetai se ayjhsh megalyterh toy 65%, se sxesh me tis arxes toy etoys.

    H oikonomikh yfesh xtyphse kai thn formoyla ena, opoy oi apolyseis anerxontai se 760 atoma apo to proswpiko ths iapwnikhs aytokinhtobiomhxanias HONDA, h opoia egkataleipei to prwtaqlhma toy 2009 prokeimenoy etsi na ejoikonomhsei tetrakosia ekatommyria b. An entos mhnos, meta thn ejelijh ayth, den breqei agorasths, dyo koryfaioi odhgoi toy mhxanokinhtoy prwtaqlhtismoy Tzeinson Mpaton kai Roympens Mparikelo qa meinoyn xwris omada.

    Anhkoysto senario prosymfwnhmenhs xreokopias legetai oti exei graftei gia thn tyxh twn triwn amerikanikwn aytokinhtobiomhxaniwn.Qewreitai h esxath lysh gia na ejasfalistei h xeira bohqeias twn 34 disekatommyriwn dolariwn apo to amerikaniko kratos. Omws, qa einai h xeiroterh katalhjh gia enan stoys deka amerikanoys ergazomenoys poy apasxoloyntai sthn Fornt thn kraisler kai thn Tzeneral Motors.

    H gennaia meiwsh twn epitokiwn apo thn Eyrwpaikh Kentrikh trapeza epikroteitai kai synodeyetai apo dieqneis ekklhseis na symmorfwqei to xrhmatopistwtiko systhma se eynoikoteroys oroys gia ta enypoqhka daneia.

    H ebdomada kleinei me astaqeia stis xrhmatagores, alla, me staqerh ptwsh toy petrelaioy peripoy sta 42 dollaria to bareli. Oi analytes ths Meril Lints problepoyn epistrofh se times pro toy polemoy sto Irak, ean h yfesh ftasei kai sthn Kina.

    Kinezikh dwrea oktw disekatommyriwn dolariwn gia thn tonwsh toy dieqnoys emporioy apodesmeyetai taytoxrona me analogh amerikanikh dwrea, kaqws oi ypoyrgoi oikonomikwn twn dyo xwrwn edinan ta xeria.

    Ptwsh sto xrhmatisthrio ths Neas Yorkhs Ptwsh paroysiazei shmera to xrhmatisthrio ths Neas Yorkhs, me to deikth Dow Jones na ypoxwrei 0,62% kai to Nasdaq 0,70%, kaqws h eidhsh gia th shmantikh ayjhsh ths anergias ephrease to klima metajy twn ependytwn.

    Eidikotera, o biomhxanikos deikths Dow Jones ypoxwroyse kata 52,01 monades, stis 8.324,23 monades kai o eyryteros deikths Standard & Poor's 500 exane 7,36 monades h 0,87%, stis 837,86 monades.O deikths twn etaireiwn ychlhs texnologias Nasdaq paroysiaze ptwsh kata 10,10 monades, stis 1.435,46 monades.

    Kairies epishmanseis Mpil KlintonO amerikanos tews proedros Mpil Klinton, apo thn Koyala Loympoyr opoy brisketai, dhlwse shmera oti o eklegmenos proedros twn Hnwmenwn Politeiwn, Mparak Ompama, den exei allh epilogh apo to na ayjhsei to dhmosio xreos ths xwras, prokeimenoy na "tonwqei" amesa, h amerikanikh oikonomia.

    "O basikos kindynos gia tis Hnwmenes Politeies kai olon ton kosmo einai o apoplhqwrismos, h meiwsh timwn -para thn yparxoysa- plhn omws mh eparkh, zhthsh twn agaqwn, einai epishs, h syrriknwsh twn eqnikwn oikonomiwn, einai h genikeymenh meiwsh ths apotimhshs olwn anejairetws twn perioysiakwn stoixeiwn", ypogrammise o k. Klinton se omilia poy ekane sthn Koyala Loympoyr."Ara, pash qysia, qa prepei na tonwsoyme thn oikonomia mas twn HPA, kati omws poy braxyproqesma isodynamei me ayjhmenh xrewsh twn Hnwmenwn Politeiwn", ypogrammise.

    "Exoyme twra xamhla epitokia, alla, to olon systhma den exei, akoma, thn apaitoymenh reystothta", apofanqhke o dhmioyrgos twn epityxhmenwn "Klintonomiks" ths perasmenhs dekaetias.

    "Ara", epishmane akoma o k. Klinton, "h prospaqeia toy k. Ompama qa prepei na parameinei epikentrwmenh sthn apofygh ths ypotimhshs twn perioysiakwn stoixeiwn twn Amerikanwn, kaqws epishs kai sth xrhsimopoihsh kratikwn kondyliwn gia na tonwnetai h oikonomia, ki otan qa exei anakamcei h oikonomia mas, tote kai monon tote na epanelqoyme se mia "sfiktoterh" dhmosionomikh politikh, oxi omws epi toy parontos".

    Eidhsh: 16360

    [02] Pagkosmia Hmera Drashs kata twn klimatikwn allagwn

    H 6h Dekembrioy exei oristei fetos ws Pagkosmia Hmera Drashs enantia sthn Klimatikh Allagh. H hmera sympiptei xronika me th diejagwgh ths syndiaskechs twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn gia thn klimatikh allagh, poy lambanei xwra sto Poznan ths Polwnias, 1-12 Dekembrioy 2008. Mia syndiaskech idiaitera shmantikh kaqws oi 192 poy symmetexoyn kaloyntai na enwsoyn toso tis ploysies oso kai tis ftwxoteres xwres katw apo thn idia omprela, me skopo thn epiteyjh mias symfwnias gia thn katapolemhsh toy fainomenoy toy qermokhpioy, thn opoia qa epikyrwsoyn oi hgetes twn kratwn ton Dekembrio toy 2009 sth Dania kai qa apotelei thn diadoxo katastash toy "Prwtokolloy toy Kioto" poy h isxy toy lhgei to 2012.

    H klimatikh allagh apeilei to mellon toy planhth. Oi episthmones proeidopoioyn gia anodo ths qermokrasias sta epomena xronia, gia erhmopoihsh katoikhmenwn ektasewn kai gia ekatommyria prosfyges ej aitias ths klimatikhs allaghs. Ekatommyria anqrwpoi peqainoyn apo dica kai peina, enw akraia kairika fainomena dhmioyrgoyn problhmata epibiwshs se polla merh toy planhth.

    Basikes aities ths klimatikhs allaghs einai to kyriarxo energeiako montelo, poy sthrizetai se rypogona orykta kaysima kai h energeiakh spatalh, h kyriarxia toy IX aytokinhtoy sth metakinhsh, h diarkws ayjanomenh astikopoihsh, h katastrofh ths fyshs, h apocilwsh twn daswn kai o periorismos toy astikoy kai periastikoy prasinoy.

    Xreiazontai rizikes allages sto shmerino montelo paragwghs kai katanalwshs, wste na einai symbato me thn oikologikh aeiforia thn epibiwsh toy planhth kai thn eyhmeria twn anqrwpwn. Alla gia na ginei ayto xreiazontai politikes poy ypologizoyn ton planhth.

    Perysi h syndiaskech sto Mpali katelhje meta apo dramatikes katastaseis se enan "Odiko Xarth" poy yioqethqhke kyriolektika sto para pente, ystera apo mia kaqoristikh allagh ths stashs twn HPA.

    Apo thn telikh apofash, para tis ekklhseis twn episthmonwn toy IPCC, toy OHE, twn periballontikwn enwsewn, twn mikrwn kratwn poy plhmmyrizoyn, apoysiazei kaqe anafora se sygkekrimenes desmeyseis h stoxoys gia th meiwsh twn ekpompwn kata 25-40% to 2020 opws epidiwke h EE h kata 60-80% ws to 2050.

    Symfwna me thn apofash toy Mpali, h dieqnhs koinothta, anagnwrizei pws apaitoyntai shmantikes meiwseis stis ekpompes kai pws oi aneptygmenes xwres prepei na analaboyn katallhles desmeyseis kai antistoixes draseis oi anaptyssomenes.

    Symfwnhse na yparjoyn kinhtra kai poroi gia th meiwsh ths katastrofhs twn daswn.

    Kalei se epeigoysa synergasia gia thn efarmogh metrwn stis ftwxoteres xwres gia thn prostasia toys apo tis epiptwseis ths klimatikhs allaghs

    Anakoinwnei oti qa parasxei kinhtra gia thn metafora kaqarhs texnologias pros tis anaptyssomenes xwres kai desmeyetai pws oi diapragmateyseis qa exoyn oloklhrwqei sthn synanthsh koryfhs sthn Kopegxagh to 2009.

    Me bash ayth thn apofash h Syndiaskech sto Poznan kaleitai na katalhjei se mia symfwnia poy qa epikyrwqei to Dekembrio toy 2009 sth Dania kai qa apotelei to mpoysoyla gia to pws qa kinhqei h dieqnhs koinothta braxyproqesma alla kai makroproqesma gia apofeyxqei h peraiterw epideinwsh toy periballontos.

    O proedros ths Diakybernhtikhs Omadas Eidikwn gia tis Klimatikes Allages Ratzentra Patsaoyri, sto Poznan proeidopoihse oti apo th leicydria kindyneyoyn entos twn epomenwn dekaetiwn kapoy 4,3 ws 6,9 disekatommyria anqrwpoi poy zoyn stis megales parapotamies koilades, dhladh to megalytero meros ths anqrwpothtas.Gia na xarakthristei ws epityxia h Syndiaskech toy Poznan, qa prepei na oi symmetexontes na katalhjoyn se ena arxiko keimeno diapragmateysewn kai na ensternistoyn ena koino orama, etsi wste h Syndiaskech ths Kopegxaghs na katalhjei se mia eparkh kai desmeytikh synqhkh, poy qa anagnwrizei oti oi pagkosmies ekpompes prepei na ftasoyn sto megisto toys arketa prin to 2020, wste na perioristei h ayjhsh ths qermokrasias. Parallhla oi epiloges poy qa syzhthqoyn gia thn pagkosmia meiwsh twn ekpompwn prepei na symfwnoyn me ta episthmonika eyrhmata kai na basizontai stis arxes ths dikaiosynhs: oi aneptygmenes xwres prepei na meiwsoyn tis ekpompes toys kata toylaxiston 25-40% ews to 2020 (kai kata toylaxiston 80% ews to 2050), enw oi anaptyssomenes ofeiloyn na periorisoyn kai aytes tis ekpompes toys me ena dikaio tropo. Symfwna me stoixeia poy paroysiase o Pagkosmios Metewrologikos Organismos (WMO), oi sygkentrwseis diojeidioy toy anqraka (CO2) kai monojeidioy toy azwtoy (nitrwdes ojeidio, N20) aggijan nea ychla epipeda to 2007, enw to meqanio shmeiwse th megalyterh ethsia ayjhsh toy se mia dekaetia. Stoixeio poy opws deixnei oi ekklhseis gia meiwseis twn aeriwn toy qermokhpioy den exoyn lhfqei sobara ypoch.

    Ystera apo thn eklogh toy Mparak Ompama ston proedriko qwko twn HPA, exei anapterwqei to hqiko twn periballontologwn kai arketwn kybernhsewn gia mia megalyterh drasthriopoihsh ths Oyasingkton stis synomilies gia thn prostasia toy planhth apo tis klimatikes allages, otan malista o idios exei desmeytei proeklogika gia meiwsh twn amerikanikwn ekpompwn sta epipeda toy 1990 ws to 2020.

    Alla ti shmainei gia ton anqrwpo h allagh toy klimatos;

    Symfwna me toys episthmones, to periballon exei th dynatothta na allazei kai na prosarmozetai stis nees synqhkes. To zhthma einai oti opoiadhpote periballontikh allagh ephreazei arnhtika ton anqrwpo.

    Symfwna me ereyna ths Eyrwpaikhs Yphresias Periballontos, ths Pagkosmias Organwshs Ygeias kai ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs. an den lhfqoyn metra apo tis kybernhseis, tis epomenes dekaeties o mesogeiakos notos qa metatrapei se erhmo kai o eyrwpaikos borras apo pagwmenh se ygrh perioxh.

    Oi kayswnes qa pollaplasiastoyn kai oi xeimwnes sth Ghraia Hpeiro qa einai ligotero cyxroi alla me kataklysmiaies broxes.

    Symfwna me thn ekqesh apo to fainomeno toy qermokhpioy kindyneyoyn perissotero ta boyna, oi aktes ths Eyrwphs, h Mesogeios kai h Arktikh kai ayto giati enw h mesh pagkosmia qermokrasia exei ayjhqei kata sxedon 0,8 baqmo Kelsioy, h qermokrasia sthn Eyrwph exei anebei kata 1 baqmo Kelsioy.

    Oi synepeies ths allaghs - an kai emfanizontai stadiaka - qa einai oleqries mesa sta epomena 100 xronia.

    Sth boreia Eyrwph qa yparjei ayjhsh ths ygrasias ayton ton aiwna, enw megalytero meros ths mesogeiakhs Eyrwphs mporei na metatrapei se erhmo, me bash tis taseis poy yparxoyn hdh. Ta fonika kymata kayswna sthn Eyrwph, opws toy 2003, mporei na einai pio syxna, enw ``oi ethsies allages stis broxoptwseis epiteinoyn tis diafores anamesa se ena ygro boreio tmhma ths Eyrwphs kai ena jhro notio''.

    Oi perissoteres mesogeiakes xwres qa katastoyn agones logw ths paratetamenhs jhrasias. Oi perioxes poy anamenetai na ephreastoyn perissotero einai h Ibhrikh xersonhsos, h perioxh ths Dalmatia kai h Notia Ellada.

    Metajy allwn antiktypwn ths klimatikhs allaghs einai kai h anodos ths staqmhs twn qalasswn. Orismenoi plhqysmoi cariwn metakinhqhkan hdh 1.000 xiliometra boreiotera ta teleytaia 40 xronia, epishmainei h ekqesh, ypogrammizontas epishs oti kai ta dyo trita twn alpikwn pagetwnwn exoyn ejafanistei apo to 1850.

    Sthn Eyrwph, 4 ekatommyria anqrwpoi kai perioysies 2 trisekatommyriwn eyrw qa kindyneysoyn apo tis plhmmyres poy qa proklhqoyn apo thn anodo ths staqmhs twn qalasswn ews to 2100. Ligoi sthn Eyrwph qa epwfelhqoyn apo tis allages aytes, opws oi agrotes toy Borra poy qa exoyn megalyteres periodoys gia thn kalliergeia twn proiontwn toys.

    Ta teleytaia 160 xronia xaqhkan ta dyo trita twn pagwn, stis Alpeis. Xarakthristikh einai h alloiwsh toy topioy ston Pagetwna Fernakt Ferner sthn Aystria

    Sto telos toy 21oy aiwna polla eidh fytwn qa exoyn metoikhsei se pio oreines kai perissotero boreies perioxes parasyrontas pthna kai zwa poy ejartwntai apo ayta.

    H polyeths kaqysterhsh sth lhch sobarwn desmeytikwn apofasewn gia thn katapolemhsh ths yperqermanshs ths Ghs exei fysika to timhma ths: oi xwres prepei twra na drasoyn me fonto thn pagkosmia oikonomikh krish, poy dysxerainei thn efarmogh twn periballontikwn metrwn.

    To basiko mhnyma twn eidikwn einai oti h dysmenhs ayth sygkyria den prepei n' apotelesei antiperispasmo giati h oikonomikh krish qa perasei alla h yperqermansh kai oi synepeies ths qa meinoyn.

    O epikefalhs ths grammateias toy OHE gia tis klimatikes allages Ibo nte Mpoyr epishmainei oti h oikonomikh yfesh qa mporoyse n' apodeixqei kalh eykairia gia ton anasxediasmo ths pagkosmias oikonomias, arkei oi kybernhseis na mhn katafygoyn se ``fthnes kai brwmikes epiloges'', opws o anqrakas, alla na stoxeysoyn sthn prasinh anaptyjh.Oi kindynoi apo thn elleich drashs gia thn antimetwpish twn klimatikwn allagwn einai poly sobaroteroi apo thn pagkosmia oikonomikh krish, proeidopoihse o prwhn epikefalhs ths Oikonomikhs Yphresias ths bretanikhs kybernhshs Ser Nikolas Stern, zhtwntas parallhla thn egkrish enos sxedioy dhmosionomikwn dapanwn, prosarmosmenoy wste na meiwqoyn ta epipeda toy anqraka, ejefrase.

    O Stern, to 2006 eixe proeidopoihsei oti h adraneia twn kybernhsewn apenanti sto fainomeno toy qermokhpioy kai tis ekpompes aeriwn, ta opoia eyqynontai gia thn pagkosmia yperqermansh, qa mporoyse na prokalesei oikonomiko pono iso me thn megalh oikonomikh yfesh.

    Shmera epanerxomenos sto kayto zhta twn klimatikwn allagwn kroyei ek neoy ton kwdwna toy kindynoy, epishmainontas oti oi synepeies apo ton kindyno na agnohsoyme tis klimatikes allages qa einai poly megalyteres apo tis synepeies ths adiaforias gia toys kindynoys toy oikonomikoy systhmatos.

    Eidhsh: 16361

    [03] Apebiwse o Patriarxhs Rwsias Alejios

    Bary to penqos gia thn Orqodojh Ekklhsia ths Rwsias, kaqws to prwi apebiwse o Patriaxhs Alejios o B'. H Ekklhsia den ekane anafora sthn katastash ths ygeias toy oyte anakoinwse ta akribh aitia toy qanatoy toy, omws, symfwna me plhrofories o makaristos Patriarxhs, poy htan 79 etwn, antimetwpize kardiologika problhmata, enw symfwna me diplwmates eixe prosblhqei apo karkino. O Patriarxhs Alejios briskotan sthn kefalh ths Orqodojhs Ekklhsias ths Rwsias apo to 1990 kai kaqodhghse thn anagennhsh ths epeita apo dekaeties sobietikoy aqeismoy.

    "Tragiko gegonos" kai "megalh apwleia gia th Rwsia", xarakthrise o Rwsos prwqypoyrgos Blantimir Poytin thn ekdhmia toy Patriarxh Alejioy, enw o proedros Mentbentef anebale programmatismeno tajidi toy sthn Italia kai opws anakoinwqhke, epistrefei espeysmena sth Rwsia apo thn India. O Rwsos proedros ejefrase th lyph toy gia ton qanato toy Patriarxh Alejioy, "enos epifanoys polith ths Rwsias", opws eipe, "h zwh toy opoioy symbadise me tis megalyteres dokimasies toy 20oy aiwna sth xwra toy".Sysswmh h orqodojia qrhnei gia thn ekdhmia toy Patriarxh Mosxas kai ekfrazei ta eilikrinh syllyphthria sth Rwsikh ekklhsia.

    Syllyphthrio mhnyma ekdoqhke shmera sto Fanari, gia thn ekdhmia toy Patriarxh Mosxas Alejioy.

    "Proseyxomeqa ej olhs kardias yper anapaysews cyxhs aytoy en xwra zwntwn kai opws Arxipoimhn Xristos anadeijh ajio diadoxo aytoy eis to phdalio ths Agiwtaths Ekklhsias ymwn", anaferetai metajy allwn sto syllyphthrio mhnyma, to opoio ypografei o Oikoymenikos Patriarxhs Barqolomaios.

    O Patriarxhs Mosxas Alejios eixe episkefqei to Fanari ton perasmeno Oktwbrio, me thn eykairia toy eortasmoy toy etoys 2008 ws etoys toy Apostoloy Payloy, kai symmeteixe sth Synajh twn Prokaqhmenwn twn Orqodojwn Ekklhsiwn sthn Kwnstantinoypolh.

    O deyteros th tajei Patriarxhs Alejandreias Qeodwros anaferei :"Metaferomen pros Ymas kai sympasan thn Ierarxian, ton Ieron Klhron kai to Xristepwnymon Plhrwma ths Rwsikhs ghs tas oloqymoys syllyphthrioys eyxas hmwn, proseyxomenoi opws o Kyrios ths Aiwnioy Zwhs katatajh Ayton meta Agiwn kai Dikaiwn."O Arxiepiskopos Aqhnwn kai Pashs Ellados k. Ierwnymos meta thn anaggelia toy qanatoy toy Makaristoy Patriarxh Mosxas Alejioy apesteile pros thn Ekklhsia ths Rwsias epistolh sthn opoia anaferetai:

    "Symmetexontes olocyxws eis to penqos ths adelfhs, kata Rwsian, Agiwtaths toy Xristoy Ekklhsias eyxomeqa ek kardias, opws o ths zwhs kai toy qanatoy kyrieywn Swthr hmwn Ihsoys Xristos tajh thn makarian aytoy cyxhn en skhnais dikaiwn kai synariqmhsh aythn meta Agiwn kai Osiwn, anadeijh de antajion aytoy diadoxon." Baqeia qlich gia thn ekdhmia toy Patriarxh Mosxas, Alejioy, ejefrase me dhlwsh toy sto APE-MPE, o Arxiepiskopos Kyproy, Xrysostomos.

    Eidhsh: 16359

    [04] Efyge h Oph Zoynh

    Politismos -

    Eidhseis

    H spoydaia eikastikos Opy Zoynh, peqane shmera meta apo maxh me ton karkino. H 67xronh kallitexnhs, me 40 xronia dhmioyrgikhs poreias afhnei pisw ths ajiologo eikastiko ergo, dieqnws anagnwrismeno. Kyrio xarakthristiko toy ergoy ths apotelei h entryfh ths zwgrafoy, stoys dromoys ths gewmetrikhs afaireshs. H khdeia ths qa pragmatopoihqei th Deytera stis 4 to apogeyma sthn Pentelh, opoy zoyse, apo ton iero nao toy Agioy Serafeim.

    H Oph Sarpakh Zoynh gennhqhke to 1941 sto Kairo. Oi rizes ths oikogeneias ths einai sthn Krhth kai th Santorinh.

    Jekinhse tis spoydes ths me zwgrafikh kai sth synexeia, me keramikh sto Amerikaniko Kollegio, kai fwtografia. To 1963 egkatastaqhke monima sthn Aqhna kai synexise sthn Anwtath Sxolh Kalwn Texnwn, arxika sth zwgrafikh, me daskalo to Giannh Moralh, kai thn keramikh, kai argotera sth skhnografia kai th diakosmhsh.

    An kai h zwgrafikh einai texnh poy paragei thn ceydaisqhsh, h Opy Zoynh antikatoptrize sto ergo ths thn idia th zwh...Gennhmenh sto Kairo to 1941, ajiopoihse peritexna sto ergo ths thn ploysia kallitexnikh paideia poy apokomise apo thn meleth toy arxaioy aigyptiakoy kai ellhnikoy klassikoy politismoy.

    ''Blepw tis kataskeyes toy sygxronoy kosmoy, mesw mias gewmetrikhs optikhs'' synhqize na leei. Allwste to ergo ths isorropoyse anamesa sthn alhqeia ths gewmetrias kai thn omorfia ths zwhs. Ena ergo eleyqero, poy den egklwbisthke pote stoys dromoys ths gewmetrias..

    To ergo ths htan dieqnws anagnwrismeno, me perissoteres apo 70 atomikes ekqeseis kai 450 symmetoxes se omadikes ekqeseis.

    Ki opws egrace gia thn Opy Zoynh o Gallos Istorikos Texnhs Bernard Faushille sto ergo ths Opy Zoynh briskoyme ayth th siwph, toy sofoy poy mporei na akoysei thn armonia, thn anomologhth tajh toy kosmoy kai toy pneymatos.

    Eidhsh: 16358

    [05] Prognwstikh meqodos-elpida gia karkinopaqeis

    Elpides stis gynaikes poy exoyn noshsei apo karkino toy mastoy, pws den qa ypostoyn metastash ths nosoy se kapoio organo toys dinei nea episthmonikh diagnwstikh meqodos. H meqodos ayth exei thn dynatothta na entopizei egkaira sto aima karkinika kyttara, prin ayta kanoyn nea metastash. Ayto tonizei o Lektoras toy Panepisthmioy Alejandroypolhs k. Nikolaos Jenidhs, me aformh dihmerida, h opoia qa exei ws qema ``Karkinos Mastoy. Poso konta sthn iash;'' kai h opoia qa diejaxqei 5-6 Dekembrioy sthn Aqhna ( Jenodoxeio ``Ledra Marriot''). Thn dihmerida diorganwnei h Monada Paqologias- Ogkologias kai Xhmeioqerapeias Gynaikologikoy Karkinoy toy Genikoy Nosokomeioy -Maieythrioy ``ELENA BENIZELOY'' poy leitoyrgei ypo thn Dieyqynsh toy Paqologoy-Ogkologoy N. Malamoy, o opoios qa einai kai proedros ths dihmeridas.

    "Ayto, symplhrwse o k. Jenidhs, einai mia akomh nikhfora maxh ths episthmhs ston makroxronio polemo kata toy karkinoy kai qa bohqhsei shmantika sthn farmakeytikh agwgh poy qa dinetai egkaira sthn asqenh gia na mhn yparxei metastash ths nosoy se allo organo ths''.

    O karkinos toy mastoy, symfwna me toys episthmones, qewreitai kai antimetwpizetai tis perissoteres fores apo th stigmh ths diagnwshs, ws genikeymenh nosos, para ton arnhtiko gia metastash proegxeirhtiko elegxo (Ajonikes, spinqhrografhma k.l.p.).

    Omws , oi mises peripoy apo tis gynaikes me karkino mastoy ypotropiasoyn. H ypotroph ofeiletai se mikrometastaseis oi opoies, prokaloyntai apo kykloforoynta karkinika kyttara sto aima kai den einai orates me apeikonistikes meqodoys .Emfanizontai kyriws se ogkoys &gt;1cm kai dihqhmenoys masxaliaioys lemfadenes.

    Sth xwra mas apo 4etias katesth dynath h anixneysh tetoiwn karkinikwn kyttarwn sto aima gynaikwn me karkino mastoy, me ton prosdiorismo ths kyttarokeratinhs - 19 ( CK-19 ), thn antidrash alysidwths polymerashs ( Real - Time PCR ).

    Sth meleth symmetexei h Monada Gynaikologikoy Karkinoy toy G.N.M. ``ELENA BENIZELOY'', h Farmakeytikh Sxolh toy Panepisthmioy Aqhnwn, h Panepisthmiakh Ogkologikh Klinikh toy ``PAGNH'' Krhths.

    Oi metrhseis ginontai toso kata th diagnwsh oso kai kata thn parakoloyqhsh ths poreias twn asqenwn kai ta apotelesmata toys kaqorizoyn en merei toys qerapeytikoys xeirismoys se sygkekrimenes omades gynaikwn.

    Neoi stoxeymenoi qerapeytikoi paragontes oi opoioi prosfata prosteqhkan sthn klassikh xhmeioqerapeia, me apodedeigmena megalo ofelos, einai piqanon me bash thn anixneysh twn kykloforoyntwn karkinikwn kyttarwn na dieyrynoyn thn xrhsh toys kai se alles ypoomades gynaikwn me karkino mastoy.

    Ta prokatartika apotelesmata twn klinikwn meletwn poy diejagontai einai enqarryntika.

    Prognwstikh shmasia ths anixneyshs

    Ta dedomena sthn dieqnh bibliografia sxetika me thn prognwstikh ajia twn CTCs ston prwimo karkino toy mastoy einai periorismena. Mia apo tis megalyteres seires asqenwn melethqhke sthn Ogkologikh Klinikh toy P.G.N Hrakleioy kai meros twn apotelesmatwn ayths ths ergasias exei hdh dhmosieyqei. Sthn meleth entaxqhkan 450 asqeneis me prwimo karkino toy mastoy. Se oles tis asqeneis egine lhch aimatos gia elegxo paroysias mRNA ths CK-19 me real-time PCR, prin thn enarjh kai meta to telos ths xhmeioqerapeias, kaqws epishs kai kata thn diarkeia ths parakoloyqhshs toys. Se ayto diasthma synebhsan 100 ypotropes kai 43 qanatoi apo thn noso.

    Prin thn xhmeioqerapeia, CTCs diapistwqhkan sto 41% twn asqenwn. Meta thn oloklhrwsh ths symplhrwmatikhs xhmeioqerapeias, qetika kyttara sto aima diapistwqhkan sto 33% twn asqenwn. O monos paragontas poy breqhke na sxetizetai me thn anixneysh twn kyttarwn meta thn qerapeia htan o ariqmos twn dihqhmenwn lemfadenwn, kaqws sto 42% twn asqenwn me perissoteroys apo 3 dihqhmenoys masxaliaioys lemfadenes anixneyqhkan qetika kyttara, enw stis asqeneis me ligoteroys apo 3 h xwris dihqhmenoys lemfadenes antistoixa kyttara sto aima breqhkan sto 29% twn asqenwn.

    Apo thn analysh twn apotelesmatwn fanhke oti ta pososta ypotrophs htan shmantika megalytera stis asqeneis me anixneysima prin thn qerapeia kyttara se sxesh me tis asqeneis xwris qetika kyttara sto aima (33% enanti 17%). Epishs, to meso eleyqero nosoy diasthma (DFI) gia tis asqeneis me anixneysima kyttara breqhke shmantika mikrotero apo oti stis asqeneis stis opoies den anixneyqhkan kyttara (78 enanti 92 mhnes).

    H anixneysh twn CTCs sto aima prin thn xhmeioqerapeia ayjanei epishs shmantika ton kindyno qanatoy apo thn noso, kaqws 15% twn asqenwn me anixneysima kyttara apebiwse kata thn diarkeia ths meleths, se sxesh me 6% twn asqenwn xwris anixneysima kyttara. H mesh olikh epibiwsh (OS) htan shmantika mikroterh stis qetikes prin thn xhmeioqerapeia apo oti stis arnhtikes asqeneis (94 enanti 101 mhnes). Apo tis polyparagontikes analyseis fanhke oti h anixneysh CTCs apotelei anejarthto dysmenh paragonta toso gia thn meiwsh toy DFI oso kai ths OS.

    Paromoia epidrash sto DFI kai thn OS eixe kai h anixneysh twn kyttarwn meta to peras ths xhmeioqerapeias, enw h syndyasmenh analysh twn apotelesmatwn prin kai meta thn xhmeioqerapeia enisxyse thn prognwstikh ajia ths anixneyshs twn CTCs, kaqws to pososto twn ypotropwn stis asqeneis stis opoies anixneyqhkan kyttara prin kai meta thn qerapeia htan sxedon triplasio apo to antistoixo twn asqenwn stis opoies den anixneyqhkan pote paromoia kyttara (38% kai 14%, antistoixa) kai oi qanatoi apo thn noso pentaplasioi (19% kai 4% antistoixa).

    Epidrash ths symplhrwmatikhs xhmeioqerapeias

    Ston idio plhqysmo asqenwn analyqhke h epidrash twn diaforwn xhmeioqerapeytikwn sxhmatwn sta CTCs. Se genikes grammes, h xhmeioqerapeia ejafanise ta kyttara apo to periferiko aima sto 50% peripoy twn asqenwn. Paromoia apotelesmata poy aforoysan ta DTCs toy myeloy twn ostwn anaferqhkan se dieqnh meleth to 2001( Braun) . Oson afora sthn epimeroys drastikothta twn xhmeioqerapeytikwn sxhmatwn poy xrhsimopoihqhkan, kanena den breqhke na yperexei enanti twn ypoloipwn.

    H adynamia ths xhmeioqerapeias na ejafanisei plhrws ta CTCs stis asqeneis me prwimo karkino toy mastoy exei apodoqei sto gegonos oti megalos ariqmos apo ayta brisketai se kapoioy eidoys blhqargikh' katastash, sthn fash G0 toy kyttarikoy kykloy. Me dedomeno oti ta karkinika kyttara einai perissotero eyalwta sthn drash ths xhmeioqerapeias otan briskontai se fash pollaplasiasmoy, den apotelei ekplhjh to gegonos oti arketa apo ta blhqargika' CTCs epibiwnoyn meta thn xhmeioqerapeia.

    Telos, sthn ayjhmenh antoxh sta xhmeioqerapeytika qa mporoyse na syneisferei kai h yperekfrash toy HER2/neu, h opoia exei parathrhqei sta diasparta karkinika kyttara. Mia endeijh gia thn orqothta ayths ths apochs prokyptei apo ta apotelesmata mias meleths poy dienerghqhke sthn Ogkologikh Klinikh toy P.G.N. Hrakleioy kai aforoyse thn epidrash ths xorhghshs toy Herceptin (antiswma enanti toy HER2/neu) sthn anixneysh kykloforoyntwn karkinikwn kyttarwn se asqeneis me prwimo karkino toy mastoy.

    Sthn meleth ayth breqhke oti to Herceptin epitygxanei thn ejafanish twn kyttarwn apo to periferiko aima sto 93% asqenwn. Se oles ths asqeneis eixe prohghqei xorhghsh symplhrwmatikhs xhmeioqerapeias h opoia eixe na apotyxei na ejaleicei ta kykloforoynta karkinika kyttara.

    Monada paqologias -ogkologias sto ``Elena Benizeloy''

    H Monada Paqologias- Ogkologias kai Xhmeioqerapeias Gynaikologikoy Karkinoy, opws anefere o k Malamos leitoyrgei epishma apo to 2000 kai antimetwpizei 350 peripoy neoys asqeneis kaqe xrono. O synolikos ariqmos twn asqenwn exei jeperasei tis 4500.

    Eidhsh: 16355

    [06] Xhmiko oplo apo ...fobo

    H myrwdia toy foboy den einai mia aytapath, alla ena pragmatiko gegonos. Oi anqrwpoi mporoyn yposyneidhta na anixneysoyn an kapoios einai fobismenos h agxwmenos, myrizontas mia xhmikh oysia (feromonh), poy ekkrinetai ston idrwta toy, symfwna me mia nea episthmonikh ereyna. H ereyna, symfwna me dhmosieyma toy ``Gkarntian'', egine apo ereynhtikh omada toy amerikanikoy panepisthmioy Stony Brook, ypo th dra Lilian Moytzika-Paronti, kai xrhmatodothqhke apo to Pentagwno twn HPA, dhmioyrgwntas ypocies oti einai to prwto bhma gia thn xhmikh xrhsimopoihsh toy foboy sto pedio ths maxhs, piqanws prokalwntas tromo ston antipalo strato. Omws h DARPA (h yphresia proxwrhmenwn stratiwtikwn ereynwn) arnhqhke oti exei opoiadhpote stratiwtika sxedia gia tis feromones toy foboy h oti sxediazei na xrhmatodothsei peraiterw ereynes se ayto to pedio.

    Oi ereynhtes anakalycan oti h myrwdia toy foboy pyrodotei mia ayjhmenh antidrash stis perioxes toy egkefaloy poy sxetizontai me to fobo kai symperanan oti, opws kai polla alla zwa, etsi kai oi anqrwpoi mporoyn na anixneysoyn kai yposyneidhta na antidrasoyn stis feromones poy apeleyqerwnoyn alloi anqrwpoi.

    H ereyna basisqhke sthn topoqethsh ylikwn poy aporrofoysan ton idrwta, stis masxales apeirwn katadytwn, oi opoioi ekanan thn prwth toys katadytikh ptwsh. Otan, sth synexeia, alloi eqelontes, poy den hjeran tipote gia to peirama, myrisan bambakia potismena me ton idrwta twn fobismenwn katadytwn kai, gia logoys sygkrishs, alla bambakia poy den eixan diapotistei apo th feromonh toy foboy, opws edeijan oi tomografies toy egkefaloy toys, oi perioxes poy sxetizontai me to fobo, opws o ypoqalamos kai h amygdalh, antedrasan poly perissotero sthn prwth periptwsh, epibebaiwnontas etsi oti mporoysan na anixneysoyn, xwris kan na to syneidhtopoioyn, to fobo agnwstwn anqrwpwn, opws hsan oi katadytes.

    Symfwna me thn ypeyqynh ths ereynas Lilian Moytzika-Paronti, ``h ereyna deixnei oti piqanws yparxei mia kryfh biologikh parametros sthn anqrwpinh koinwnikh dynamikh, kata thn opoia to synaisqhmatiko stres sthn kyriolejia ginetai kollhtiko''.

    Omws o Simon Goyesli, stratiwtikos cyxiatros sto King's College toy Londinoy, dhlwse sto New Scientist oti h idea pws h feromonh toy foboy qa mporoyse na xrhsimopoihqei ws xhmiko oplo, einai apiqanh, kaqws mia aplh fysiologikh oysia den einai arketh gia na gennhsei fobo, an oi anqrwpoi den briskontai se tromaktikh katastash. ``Mporeis na dhmioyrghseis ta fysika symptwmata toy foboy, alla oi anqrwpoi den tromazoyn kat' anagkhn'', dhlwse.

    Ta eyrhmata ths neas amerikanikhs ereynas anamenetai na teqoyn ypo amfisbhthsh, epeidh oi perissoteroi episthmones mexri shmera den paradexontai oti oi anqrwpoi mporoyn na anixneysoyn tis feromones, opws symbainei se polla alla qhlastika.

    Eidhsh: 16357

    [07] Diplasiazetai to dwro Xristoygennwn gia toys anergoys

    Ton diplasiasmo toy dwroy Xristoygennwn 2008 h ths analogias aytoy, gia osoys epidotoyntai h epidothqhkan entos toy etoys gia taktikh anergia kai dikaioyntai analogias dwroy Xristoygennwn, enekrine ektaktws to Dioikhtiko Symboylio toy Organismoy Apasxolhshs Ergatikoy Dynamikoy.

    H sxetikh eishghsh gia ``xorhghsh symplhrwmatikhs paroxhs, isoposhs toy dwroy Xristoygennwn 2008, pros osoys dikaioyntai analogias dwroy Xristoygennwn 2008, logw taktikhs epidothshs'', egine apo ton dioikhth toy OAED Giwrgo Bernadakh sto Dioikhtiko Symboylio toy Organismoy, meta th sxetikh ejaggelia toy diplasiasmoy toy dwroy Xristoygennwn gia toys epidotoymenoys anergoys, apo ton Prwqypoyrgo sth Boylh thn Paraskeyh 5 Dekembrioy 2008, sto plaisio ths lhchs apo thn kybernhsh stoxeymenwn metrwn yposthrijhs twn eyalwtwn koinwnikwn omadwn.

    To metro toy diplasiasmoy toy dwroy Xristoygennwn empiptei stis draseis gia thn elaxistopoihsh twn endexomenwn synepeiwn sthn ellhnikh oikonomia, sthn apasxolhsh kai kyriws, sto epipedo diabiwshs twn sympolitwn mas, apo tis prosfates dysmeneis ejelijeis sto dieqnes xrhmatopistwtiko kai oikonomiko periballon.

    Symfwna me thn keimenh ergatikh nomoqesia, to dwro Xristoygennwn ypologizetai me bash to xrono lhchs toy epidomatos anergias, sth xronikh bash apo thn 1h Maioy mexri thn 31h Dekembrioy kaqe etoys, dhladh, opws isxyei kai gia toys ergazomenoys.

    Eidhsh: 16376

    [08] Ypoxwrhsh toy argoy sta 42 $ to bareli

    Sto xamhlotero shmeio apo ton Ianoyario toy 2005 ypoxwrhse h timh toy argoy petrelaioy stis dieqneis agores, meta th dhmosiopoihsh ekqeshs ths kybernhshs twn HPA -symfwna me thn opoia- ton prohgoymeno mhna exasan th doyleia toys perissoteroi apo 500.000 amerikanoi.

    Sygkekrimena, h timh toy proqesmiakoy amerikanikoy elafroy argoy sto xrhmatisthrio emporeymatwn ths Neas Yorkhs ypoxwroyse kata 1,31 dolaria kai eixe diamorfwqei sta 42,36 dolaria, enw ligo nwritera eixe ypoxwrhsei akoma kai sta 42,05 dolaria.

    Ejalloy, h timh toy petrelaioy typoy Mprent sto xrhmatisthrio emporeymatwn toy Londinoy shmeiwne ptwsh kata 1,20 dolaria kai briskotan sta 41,08 dolaria to bareli.

    Polloi analytes ektimoyn oti poly syntoma h timh qa ypoxwrhsei katw apo to cyxologiko orio twn 40 dolariwn ana bareli, kaqws ayjanontai oi endeijeis gia shmantikh meiwsh ths zhthshs petrelaioy se oles tis aneptygmenes oikonomies.

    Eidhsh: 16367

    [09] Ptwsh 32% twn pwlhsewn aytokinhtwn to Noembrio

    Megalh ptwsh kategracan oi pwlhseis aytokinhtwn to mhna Noembrio kai pleon einai fanero oti pagkosmia oikonomikh krish exei ephreasei thn oikonomikh symperifora toy Ellhna katanalwth.Symfwna me ta stoixeia toy Syndesmoy Eisagwgewn Antiproswpwn Aytokinhtwn [SEAA], h egxwria agora ton prohgoymeno mhna kategrace ptwsh 33% se sxesh me perysi, ftanontas tis 13.402 kai pleon o Noembrios einai o pio antiparagwgikos mhnas toy etoys.Sto idio mhkos kymatos kymanqhke kai h sygkrish me ton prohgoymeno mhna ton Oktwbrio, poy einai arnhtikh, me thn ptwsh na kineitai sto 32%.

    Wstoso, aisiodojh einai h synolikh eikona sto endekamhno toy 2008, kaqws oi tajinomhseis twn epibatikwn aytokinhtwn anhlqan stis 259.304 monades, katagrafontas meiwsh 3,7% se sxesh me to antistoixo diasthma toy 2007.Einai endeiktiko oti h egxwria agora to 2008 kinhqhke sto endekamhno, kalytera kai apo to 2006, otan oi pwlhseis sto antistoixo diasthma eixan anelqei stis 255.102 monades.

    Ligo prin thn ekpnoh toy 2008, synolika oi egxwries pwlhseis qa jeperasoyn tis 260.000 monades, noymero dioloy eykatafronhto se xalepoys oikonomika kairoys.

    H agora aytokinhtoy gia thn ellhnikh oikogeneia einai mia elastikh dapanh kai yp' ayto to prisma h distaktikothta twn katanalwtwn gia tetoies dapanes einai dikaiologhmenh.

    H trexoysa krish, poy an kai akoma den exei xtyphsei thn porta ths ellhnikhs oikogeneias, ektimatai oti qa allajei ton tropo me ton opoio o ypochfios agorasths qa epilejei to neo toy oxhma.Me alla logia, o katanalwths ektimatai oti qa "cajei" gia xamhlotero kostos xrhshs kai qa anazhthsei ligotera kybika, xamhloterh katanalwsh k.a..

    Endeijeis gia to an qa ephreastei h agora aytokinhtoy sthn Ellada apo thn krish, qa yparxoyn to Febroyario kai to Martio, opoy qewrhtika qa prepei na tajinomhqoyn ta aytokinhta poy exoyn paraggelqei meta ton Aygoysto.

    Xeira bohqeias stoys katanalwtes qa prepei na dwsoyn toso oi eisagwgikes etairies, me prosfores k.a., alla kai oi Trapezes, me th paroxh xamhlotokwn daneiwn.

    Eidhsh: 16362

    [10] Apergia me staseis stis sygkoinwnies

    Panelladikh genikh apergia pragmatopoioyn thn Tetarth 10 Dekembrh, GSEE kai ADEDY me aithma "thn anatroph ths antergatikhs politikhs ths Akribeias, twn Forwn, ths Anergias kai ths perikophs twn koinwnikwn paroxwn".Opws anaferei sthn anakoinwsh ths h GSEE:

    "Oi ergazomenoi antidroyn kai apergoyn sthn epixeiroymenh prospaqeia epibolhs toy ergasiakoy mesaiwna stis ergasiakes sxeseis me apolyseis, diaqesimothtes, ypoxrewtikes adeies klp., fortwnontas etsi thn krish stoys ergazomenoys. Apaitoyme thn krish na plhrwsoyn oi ypeyqynoi. Diekdikoyme oysiastikh enisxysh twn eisodhmatwn, twn dikaiwmatwn kai ths apasxolhshs me dhmioyrgia newn qesewn ergasias".

    Thn hmera ths genikhs apergias qa pragmatopoihqei apergiakh sygkentrwsh stis 11.00 p.m sto Pedio toy Arews kai qa akoloyqhsei poreia pros th Boylh twn Ellhnwn.

    Gia thn dieykolynsh twn apergwn, ta Mesa Mazikhs Metaforas (lewforeia, metro, hlektrikos, trolei) qa pragmatopoihsoyn staseis ergasias to prwi apo thn enarjh ths bardias, ews tis 08.00 p.m. kai apo tis 22.00 ews th lhjh ths bardias. H Olympiakh Aeroporia, o OSE kai o proastiakos sidhrodromos, qa pragmatopoihsoyn 24wrh apergia.Sthn idia anakoinwsh, h GSEE symplhrwnei: "Kaloyme oloys toys ergazomenoys anejarthta ths morfhs ergasias toys (aoristoy h orismenoy xronoy, enoikiazomenoys, me elastikes morfes ergasias) na symmetasxoyn mazika sthn apergia. H kaqolikh symmetoxh twn ergazomenwn sthn Apergia kai sta Syllalhthria, qa einai h dynamikh kai agwnistikh apanthsh twn ergazomenwn sthn askoymenh antergatikh politikh".

    Hmerida gia thn ergasia

    Eidhsh: 16353


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