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The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in Greek, 09-01-08

The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Hellenic Radio (ERA) <www.ert.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA

  • [01] Meiwsh forwn yposxeqhke o Ompama
  • [02] Asfyjia sthn pagkosmia oikonomia
  • [03] Italia: Synergasia Alitalia - Air France-Klm
  • [04] Anoigoyn oi strofigges
  • [05] G. Papandreoy: Ekloges, h monh diejodos

    [01] Meiwsh forwn yposxeqhke o Ompama

    Meiwsh twn forwn kata 1000 dolaria sto 95% twn amerikanikwn noikokyriwn yposxeqhke thn Pempth o Mparak Ompama, sto plaisio toy sxedioy toy gia thn anakamch ths oikonomias. Se omilia toy sto Ferfaj ths Birtzinia o eklegmenos proedros twn HPA, poy qa analabei epishma ta kaqhkonta toy stis 20 Ianoyarioy, ejhghse oti ayth h meiwsh twn forwn qa prepei na protrecei tis oikogeneies na "janarxisoyn na jodeyoyn". Ayto to metro qa einai h "prwth fash mias meiwshs forwn me stoxo tis mesaies tajeis poy yposxeqhka kata thn proeklogikh ekstrateia kai h opoia qa perilambanetai ston prosexh mas proypologismo", dhlwse. Ta 775 ekatommyria dolaria anamenetai na jeperasei to oikonomiko sxedio anakamchs poy proetoimazetai apo to epiteleio toy Ompama. O Mparak Ompama, proidease thn Pempth milwntas sto panepisthmio George Mason sto Ferfaj oti, "qa epideinwqei kai qa diarkesei xronia ayth h oikonomikh krish", ektos kai an askhqoyn "tolmhres" oikonomikes politikes se pleiada oikonomikwn tomewn, politikes ikanes "na anastrecoyn" tis arnhtikes ropes sto synoliko pedio ths oikonomias.

    O Mparak Ompama diablepei piqanothta h epishma katagegrammenh anergia na antiproswpeyei dichfio pososto sto synolo toy "energoy plhqysmoy" alla kai endexomeno gia to AEP twn Hnwmenwn Politeiwn na "xaqei" oyte ligo oyte poly ena trisekatommyrio dolaria, ean den antimetwpistoyn kairia oi dedomenes oikonomikes synqhkes, "poy einai oi ftwxoteres" (gia ton amerikano forologoymeno) apo th dekaetia toy 1930".

    Symfwna me tis teleytaies plhrofories, ta prwta kiolas 24wra toy Febroyarioy qa sygkekrimenopoihqei kai qa analyqei leptomerws olo to "programma anaqermanshs" ths oikonomias twn HPA, gia to opoio merida analytwn ektima pleon pws apotimatai sta 750 dis.dolaria alla synadelfoi toys to apotimoyn sta xilia dis. dolaria. To elleimma ston proypologismo twn HPA meta apo ayta, omws, "ektinassetai" sto 1,2 trisekatommyrio dolaria.

    Opws epeshmane o Ompama, "ta metra poy qa yioqethsoyme gia na anaqermanoyme thn oikonomia mas "einai ta monadika apotrophs ths eisodoy ths se mia dinh" yfeshs me diarkeia" kai shmeiwse: "Oso ligotera kanoyme h an apla meinoyme apragoi, toso megalytero elleimma qa exoyme, sto mellon, stoys tomeis apasxolhshs, eisodhmatwn kai telika sthn empistosynh mas sthn amerikanikh oikonomia". Kathgorhse eyqews tis "kaka prosanatolismenes" etairikes hgesies xarakthristikes mias "epoxhs baqeias aneyqynothtas toys" ki oles tis symfores, poy episwreysan sto amerikaniko xrhmatisthrio, gia thn paroysa polyptyxh baqeia krish sthn oikonomia.

    Eyqynes apodoqhkan apo ton Mparak Ompama omws kai sthn "anapotelesmatikothta ki aneparkeia" twn epoptikwn mhxanismwn ths "Goyol".

    Telos sthn omilia toy ayth sto panepisthmio ths Birtzinia, aphyqyne ekklhsh sta melh toy Kogkresoy na mhn xrhmatodotoyn efejhs diakosmhtikhs fysews erga stis eklogikes toys perifereies kai katesthse safes oti epeidh dhmioyrgoyn xiliades qeseis ergasias, "qa proxwrhsoyn opwsdhpote ekatontades dhmosia erga ston tomea twn ypodomwn" se oles tis HPA.

    Eidhsh: 17510

    [02] Asfyjia sthn pagkosmia oikonomia

    Eidhseis

    Se mazikes apolyseis gia na glytwsoyn to loyketo proxwroyn kai alloi oikonomikoi kolossoi -sthn Eyrwph, tis Hnwmenes Politeies kai thn Iapwnia. H oikonomia sth zwnh toy eyrw exei epideinwqei shmantika , dhlwse thn Pempth o proedros ths Eyrwpaikhs Kentrikhs Trapezas Zan Klont Trise, en mesw klimatos anamonhs gia peraiterw meiwsh twn epitokiwn thn erxomenh ebdomada. Sthn Ispania, symfwna me to Ypoyrgeio Ergasias, oi anergoi jeperasan ta tria ekatommyria kai ta xeirotera den exoyn erqei. H krish odhghse thn Trapeza ths Agglias na rijei to kentriko epitokio sta xamhlotera epipeda apo to 1694, enw dhmosieymata feroyn thn kybernhsh Mpraoyn na ejetazei to endexomeno na typwsei lires gia na antimetwpisei thn elleich reystothtas. Apo thn allh pleyra toy Atlantikoy, o Mparak Ompama epanelabe thn proqesh ths kybernhshs toy na diaqesei kratiko xrhma gia na dhmioyrghsei 3 ekatommyria qeseis ergasias estw ki an diogkwqei to hdh dysqewrhto elleimma ths amerikanhs oikonomias.

    H pistwtikh asfyjia...poy pnigei ta bretanika noikokyria odhghse thn Trapeza ths Agglias se gennaies apofaseis. Meiwse to epitokio ths liras sto 1, 5%, sta xamhlotera epipeda apo thn idrysh ths, prin apo 315 xronia. Symfwna me dhmosieymata, o Bretanos Ypoyrgos Oikonomias feretai na ejetazei to endexomeno na balei se leitoyrgia ta piesthria, gia na typwsoyn perissotero xrhma, se mia prospaqeia na tonwqei h pagwmenh oikonomikh drasthriothta. Wstoso, o idios to diaceydei.

    Ap' akrh s' akrh ths Eyrwphs, oi oikonomikoi deiktes aimorragoyn. Sthn Ispania, oi anergoi jeperasan ta 3.000.000, ariqmos rekor twn teleytaiwn 12 etwn. Kai opws proeidopoiei to Ypoyrgeio Ergasias ths Ispanias, den einai tipota mprosta se ayta poy qa erqoyn.

    Sthn allh pleyra toy Atlantikoy, o Mparak Ompama etoimazetai gia thn megalyterh proklhsh ths zwhs toy, kanontas taxyryqma maqhmata sthn ariqmhtikh. Apo th Birtzinia, proanhggeile filodojo sxedio anadiarqrwshs ths oikonomias. Kai apo thn Irlandia, ta mantata einai dysaresta. O omilos hlektronikwn ypologistwn Ntel anakoinwse perikoph xiliwn enniakosiwn qesewn ergasias sto Limerik. Alla kai o iapwnikos omilos TDK, eidikeymenos se texnologies kai chfiaka mesa, qa meiwsei kata 8.000 to proswpiko toy kai qa kleisei tessera ergostasia.

    Sth Germania, se pososto 25% toy synoloy toy metoxikoy kefalaioy qa ginei ek meroys toy kratoys agora metoxwn ths trapezas "Commerzbank", bebaiwsan arga thn Pempth kala plhroforhmenes phges sto Berolino. Apo thn pleyra ths h germanikh efhmerida "Nti Belt" egrace oti to germaniko dhmosio exei hdh kanei "enesh reystothtas" 10 dis.eyrw sthn en logw trapeza, enanti twn opoiwn agorazei to anwterw pososto metoxwn. Sto metajy, h "Commerzbank" proxwra kai se ekdosh omologiakoy daneioy -poy telei ypo thn eggyhsh toy germanikoy dhmosioy -synolikhs ajias pente disekatommyriwn eyrw.

    Eidhsh: 17508

    [03] Italia: Synergasia Alitalia - Air France-Klm

    Eidhseis

    Liges hmeres prin apo thn epanemfanish sthn agora ths neas, idiwtikhs pleon Alitalia, o Italos prwqypoyrgos Silbio Mperloyskoni me dhlwseis toy, gnwstopoihse oti h monh epishmh protash dieqnoys synergasias exei fqasei apo th gallikh etairia Air France. "Apo meroys ths Loyftxansa, den katateqhke pote mia oloklhrwmenh protash", ejhghse o Mperloyskoni. Kai oi ypeyqynoi toy germanikoy aerometaforea epibebaiwsan thn Pempth oti, ontws, ejefrasan ena genikotero endiaferon, alla den yphrje pote mia grapth toys protash gia thn agora meroys twn metoxwn ths Alitalia, Compagnia Aerea Italiana. Kata synepeia, thn erxomenh Deytera, prokeitai na synedriasei to dioikhtiko symboylio ths neas italikhs idiwtikhs aeroporikhs etairias, to opoio kai anamenetai na egkrinei thn synergasia me ton kolosso Air FranceAir-Klm.

    Symfwna me dhmosieymata toy italikoy Typoy, o gallo-ollandikos omilos, qa labei to 25% twn metoxwn ths Alitalia enanti peripoy triakosiwn ekat. eyrw. H olh symfwnia synepagetai thn enisxysh toy aerodromioy ths Rwmhs Fioymitsino kai thn "ypobaqmish" toy Malpensa, sto Milano. Liges wres prin apo to "ntempoyto" ths idiwtikhs Alitalia, den leipoyn omws oi "polemikes": enw o Silbio Mperloyskoni dhlwnei oti "h kybernhsh eswse ton eqniko aerometaforea apo th xreokopia", oi ypeyqynoi toy syndikatoy Cgil apantoyn oti "mporei na swqhke h Alitalia, oxi omws kai oi ergazomenoi ths. Polloi mphkan sto tameio anergias kai oi ypoloipoi anagkasqhkan na dexqoyn meiwsh twn apolabwn h ayjhsh toy wrarioy ergasias".

    Sto aerodromio ths Rwmhs, proxwrhsan se diamartyria thn Pempth peripoy pentaosioi ypallhloi poy asxoloyntai me ton kaqarismo twn aeroskafwn kai thn ekfortwsh aposkeywn, oi opoioi akomh den gnwrizoyn an qa symperilhfqoyn sto "dynamiko" ths neas Alitalia.

    Panw apo ebdomhnta pthseis, apo to prwi ths Pempths mataiwqhkan.

    Apo to Milano, h Legka toy Borra, xarakthrizei "blakwdh" th symfwnia me ton omilo Air France- Klm kai zhta na prostateyqoyn oi qeseis ergasias twn ypallhlwn toy aerodromioy Malpensa kai twn epixeirhsewn poy exoyn ypogracei symbaseis me ton aerolimena. O proedros ths perifereias toy Milanoy, o kentroaristeros Filippo Penati, symmetexei epishs sth shmerinh prwtoboylia eyaisqhtopoihshs kai diamartyrias poy onomasqhke "Malpensa day". Zhta apo thn kybernhsh Mperloyskoni na sthrijei to aerodromio, apofasizontas, endexomenws, mia oysiastikoterh apeleyqerwsh pthsewn kai proorismwn poy mporei na eynohsei oles tis etairies.

    Eidhsh: 17507

    [04] Anoigoyn oi strofigges

    Eidhseis

    Pros lysh fainetai na odeyei h dienejh Oykranias-Rwsias gia to fysiko aerio, poy kratoyse xwris paroxh 18 eyrwpaikes xwres en mesw cyxoys.To Kiebo ypegrace symfwnia me thn Komision gia thn epithrhsh apo anejarthtoys parathrhtes twn paradosewn rwsikoy aerioy apo ta edafh toy stis xwres ths E.E., proypoqesh poy eixe qesei nwritera o proedros ths Gkazprom prokeimenoy na anoijoyn kai pali oi strofigges ths rwsikhs etairias.Etsi, loipon, o proedros ths Gkazprom, poy breqhke stis Bryjeles mazi me ton epikefalhs ths oykranikhs Naftogkaz, yposxeqhke thn epanalhch ths trofodosias twn eyrwpaikwn xwrwn me fysiko aerio. To rwsiko fysiko aerio qa trofodothsei kai pali toys agwgoys mesw toy oykranikoy edafoys amesws molis dhmioyrghqei o sxetikos mhxanismos elegxoy me th symmetoxh ths EE, dhlwse o Rwsos prwqypoyrgos Blantimir Poytin, o opoios kathgorhse toys Eyrwpaioys etairoys ths xwras toy gia kaqysterhsh sthn antimetwpish ths krishs.H diamaxh metajy Mosxas kai Kieboy, exei prokycei logw toy xreoys ths Oykranias kai twn timwn toy fysikoy aerioy gia to 2009.Pantws, para thn symfwnia anatrofodothshs, ta problhmata apo thn diakoph paroxhs toy fysikoy aerioy synexizontai se 18 eyrwpaikes xwres, kaqws parateinetai h entonh kakokairia me xionia kai poliko cyxos.Toylaxiston 12 anqrwpoi exoyn xasei th zwh toys apo tis xionoptwseis kai tis polikes qermokrasies poy epikratoyn sthn kentrikh Eyrwph.Terastia problhmata exoyn dhmioyrghqei apo thn elleich fysikoy aerioy sth leitoyrgia biomhxaniwn kai nosokomeiwn sthn perioxh twn Balkaniwn.Sthn Ellada, kalyptontai oi anagkes ths ellhnikhs agoras se fysiko aerio gia ton Ianoyario xarh sto ygropoihmeno fysiko aerio ths Rebyqoysas, dhlwse o proedros ths DEPA Makhs Papagewrgioy.

    AnalytikoteraH Oykrania eggyatai thn diakinhsh rwsikoy fysikoy aerioy mesw toy edafoys ths ean h Rwsia epanalabei tis paradoseis pros thn Eyrwph, dhlwse shmera o proedros ths oykranikhs Naftogaz Olegk Ntoympina, symfwna me anakoinwsh toy grafeioy Typoy sto Kiebo, epikaloymeno dhlwseis toy stis Bryjelles.

    "H Naftogaz eggyatai plhrws thn diakinhsh apo to edafos ths Oykranias toy rwsikoy fysikoy aerioy, ypo ton oro oti h Rwsia qa epanalabei tis paradoseis pros toys eyrwpaioys katanalwtes kai qa diasfalisei thn leitoyrgia toy systhmatos twn agwgwn fysikoy aerioy parexontas thn anagkaia "texnikh" gia diathrhsh ths pieshs stoys agwgoys", anefere o Ntoympina symfwna me ton ekproswpo toy Balentin Zemlianski, afoy eixe prohghqei synanthsh toy me ton Alejei Miler ton proedro ths Gazprom sto Eyrwkoinoboylio stis Bryjelles.

    H apostolh eyrwpaiwn parathrhtwn gia na pistopoihsoyn tis paradoseis fysikoy aerioy metajy Mosxas kai Kieboy mporei na parei "dyo me treis hmeres", dhlwse o Xaints Xilmprext eidikos se qemata energeias ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs. ``H Oykrania apodexthke toys oroys poy teqhkan oson afora toys eyrwpaioys parathrhtes poy qa prepei na parakoloyqoyn th roh fysikoy aerioy apo th Rwsia sthn Oykrania, alla, oi synomilies synexizontai me th Rwsia'', dhlwse o proedros ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs, Zoze Manoyel Mparozo."Oi plhrofories moy lene oti h oykranikh pleyra apedexqh toys oroys poy teqhkan, plhrws toys oroys oson afora toys eyrwpaioys parathrhtes gia ton elegxo ths metaforas aerioy mesw ths Oykranias", tonise o k. Mparozo milwntas ston Typo, meta apo synanthsh poy eixe me ypoyrgoys xwrwn ths kentrikhs Eyrwphs sth slobakikh prwteyoysa. Katalhgontas o k. Mparozo anefere oti oi synomilies synexizontai me th rwsikh pleyra.

    O rwsos prwqypoyrgos, Blantimir Poytin kalese thn Eyrwpaikh Epitroph na aposteilei "to syntomotero dynaton" parathrhtes sthn Oykrania gia na epopteyoyn thn paradosh rwsikoy fysikoy aerioy pros thn Eyrwph.O k. Poytin ekrine oti h protash anaptyjhs parathrhtwn sthn Oykrania kai sta synora -poy htan idea ths germanidas kagkelarioy Angkelas Merkel- htan "poly kalh"."Eimaste plhrws symfwnoi me thn idea ayth kai prepei na efarmostei to syntomotero dynaton", tonise o k. Poytin se synenteyjh Typoy.

    H tsexikh proedria ths E.E. anakoinwse oti thn Deytera qa pragmatopoihqei stis Bryjelles mia ektakth synodos twn ypoyrgwn Energeias ths EE sxetika me thn krish sto fysiko aerio.

    En tw metajy, h Leykorwsia proxwrhse shmera se ayjhsh kata peripoy ena tetarto ths timhs toy fysikoy aerioy [kata 22,5% ths timhs toy tonoy rwsikoy fysikoy aerioy] mesw toy edafoys ths] poy diakineitai mesw toy edafoys ths pros thn Germania, thn Polwnia kai thn Oykrania, anaferetai se kybernhtikh anakoinwsh sto Minsk, apofash h opoia htan anamenomenh.

    H katastash stis xwres ths Eyrwphs & twn BalkaniwnSe dekaoktw anerxontai oi eyrwpaikes xwres, melh ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs kai mh, oi opoies exoyn plhgei apo th diakoph ths rohs toy rwsikoy fysikoy aerioy mesw ths Oykranias.Apo aytes, epta [symperilambanomenhs kai ths Ellados], einai melh ths Eyrwzwnhs.H Aystria, eisagei to 60% toy aerioy gia eswterikh xrhsh apo th Rwsia kai den anamenetai na yparjei trofodosia twn aystriakwn etaireiwn aerioy prin apo thn epomenh Deytera. H etaireia petrelaioy kai aerioy OMV exei strafei sta apoqemata ths, thn eswterikh paragwgh kai alles eisagwges gia na eggyhqei oti h agora qa synexisei na promhqeyetai aerio.H Germania, symfwna me ta statistika stoixeia ths BP, eisagei to 42% toy aerioy gia eswterikh xrhsh apo th Rwsia. Oi germanikes energeiakes etairies E.ON AG kai Wingas sthrizontai ta apoqhkeymena apoqemata aerioy kai stis promhqeies apo thn enallaktikh diadromh mesw Polwnias. Oi mazikes promhqeies mesw Oykranias stamathsan thn Trith kai den exei mpei sth xwra kaqoloy rwsiko aerio mesw Tsexias. Oi etaireies exoyn proeidopoihsei gia elleiceis aerioy ean h diamaxh krathsei poly perissotero kai diathrhqoyn oi qermokrasies katw toy mhdenos.Problhmatismenos apo thn krish kai pio apofasistikos emfanizetai o ypeyqynos ths germanikhs Epitrophs Energeias Stefan Koler, o opoios dhlwse shmera oti h xwra toy prepei na meiwsei thn ejarthsh ths apo to rwsiko fysiko aerio, ayjanontas tis promhqeies apo alles xwres, alla kai ta idia apoqemata.Symfwna me ton k. Koler, prepei na melethqei h egkatastash enos systhmatos enallaktikoy agwgoy, poy qa dioxeteyei to fysiko aerio ths Kaspias pros thn Eyrwph, parakamptontas th Rwsia, enw qa prepei na doqei megalytero baros sthn eisagwgh aerioy apo thn kentrikh Asia, anti ths Rwsias.H Italia, eisagei to 28% toy aerioy gia eswterikh xrhsh apo th Rwsia. Oi eisagwges mesw toy agwgoy TAG diakophkan oysiastika apo th 01:00 to prwi ths Tetarths me tis promhqeies na exoyn meiwqei kata 90%. H xwra exei anoijei ta apoqemata ths se aerio.O ypoyrgos Oikonomikhs Anaptyjhs, Klaoyntio Skatzola, diabebaiwse oti h xwra toy diaqetei eparkh apoqemata fysikoy aerioy gia dyo mhnes. Ejalloy, to pososto toy rwsikoy aerioy poy lambanei h Italia antiproswpeyei mono to 27% toy synoloy twn anagkwn ths kai o k. Skatzola eixe anakoinwsei oti exei hdh labei metra gia megistopoihsh twn paradosewn apo alles xwres, opws h Libyh, h Algeria, h Norbhgia, h Megalh Bretania kai oi Katw Xwres.H Gallia, eisagei to 24% toy aerioy gia eswterikh xrhsh apo th Rwsia. Oi apostoles fysikoy aerioy exoyn meiwqei kata peripoy 70% apo tis 6 Ianoyarioy. Thn promhqeia ths gallikhs agoras exei eggyhqei h gallikh energeiakh etaireia GDF Suez. H Gallia den ejartatai apo to aerio, kata tropo analogo me th Germania kaqws to 80% toy hlektrismoy ths paragetai apo pyrhnikh energeia.H Slobenia, eisagei to 64% toy aerioy gia eswterikh xrhsh apo th Rwsia. Oi promhqeies stamathsan apo tis 7 Ianoyarioy, alla, problhmata sthn paroxh stoys katanalwtes den exoyn dhmioyrghqei.H Slobakia, to 16o kai newtero melos ths Eyrwzwnhs, sthn opoia entaxqhke apo thn 1h Ianoyarioy 2009, eisagei to 100% toy aerioy gia eswterikh xrhsh apo th Rwsia. H kybernhsh exei khryjei thn xwra se katastash ektakths anagkhs apo tis 7 Ianoyarioy poy stamathsan oi rwsikes promhqeies kai ean synexistei h paroysa katastash, ejetazei to endexomeno na epanaleitoyrghsei ena pyrhniko ergostasio paragwghs hlektrikhs energeias, to opoio eixe kleisei gia na symmorfwqei me tis eyrwpaikes prodiagrafes kai na entaxqei sthn E.E.. H slobakikh etaireia diaqeshs kai dianomhs aerioy, SPP exei anakoinwsei oti meiwse thn promhqeia se peripoy 1000 etaireies se olh thn xwra.Stis 18 xwres symperilambanontai pente xwres melh ths Enwshs, alla, oxi ths Eyrwzwnhs.H Oyggaria, eisagei apo th Rwsia to 60% toy aerioy gia eswterikh xrhsh, dhladh, peripoy 2,5 ekatommyria kybika metra thn hmera, mesw toy agwgoy apo thn Aystria kai exei periorisei thn katanalwsh fysikoy aerioy apo tis biomhxanies.Oi megalyteres biomhxanikes monades sthn Oyggaria ejakoloyqoyn na mh lambanoyn rwsiko aerio mesw ths Oykranias, enw prokeimenoy na diasfalisei thn kalych twn noikokyriwn, h xwra skopeyei na xrhsimopoihsei ena trito twn strathgikwn ths apoqematwn.O ypoyrgos Energeias ths Oyggarias Ksampa Molnar dhlwse oti h xwra toy anamenetai na paralabei 4 ek. kybika metra fysikoy aerioy mesw ths Aystrias.H Dhmokratia ths Tsexias, eisagei to 80% toy fysikoy aerioy apo th Rwsia. H paroxh rwsikoy aerioy stamathse stis 7 Ianoyarioy kai h xwra exei anoijei ta apoqemata ths kai eisagei aerio mesw enos enallaktikoy agwgoy.H Boylgaria, eisagei to 96% toy aerioy gia eswterikh xrhsh apo th Rwsia, symfwna me stoixeia ths Amerikanikhs Arxhs Energeiakhs Plhroforhshs.Oi promhqeies mesw Oykranias stamathsan thn Trith, ejanagkazontas dekades epixeirhseis ths Boylgarias na diakocoyn thn paragwgh.To diylisthrio ths Neftochim sto Mpoyrgkas, to opoio elegxetai apo th rwsikh energeiakh etaireia LUKOIL, stamathse oles tis ejagwges barews kaysimoy kaqws h diakoph stis promhqeies rwsikoy aerioy, odhghse se strofh sto petrelaio.Ola ta megala ergostasia exoyn stamathsei ej oloklhroy thn leitoyrgia toys.Sta nosokomeia exoyn anasteilei oles tis programmatismenes xeiroyrgikes epembaseis, periorizomena mono sthn antimetwpish ektaktwn peristatikwn, enw sto maieythrio Tseinobo ths Sofias gia paradeigma, oi gynaikes sygkentrwqhkan ana deka se kaqe dwmatio, prospaqwntas na zestaqoyn me hlektrika kalorifer.Se arketa sxoleia ths Boylgarias, den pragmatopoihqhkan maqhmata. Ejhnta oktw sxoleia ths xwras paremeinan kleista logw elleipoys qermanshs.Ta paidia phgan sto sxoleio, mphkan stis tajeis ki ekanan kapoies wres, forwntas ta mpoyfan toys, alla sth synexeia, oi daskaloi toys eipan na pane sta spitia toys. Maqhma ekanan ta paidia se osa sxoleia eixan hlektrikes qermastres.H Roymania, eisagei to 28% toy aerioy gia eswterikh xrhsh apo th Rwsia kai h promhqeia rwsikoy aerioy stamathse nwris to prwi ths 7hs Ianoyarioy. H kybernhsh antimetwpizei thn aneparkeia sth roh me xrhsh twn ypogeiwn apoqematwn kai me ayjhsh ths paragwghs apo thn Romgaz kai thn Petrom kaqws h xwra einai poly ligotero ejarthmenh apo th Rwsia se sxesh me tis alles prwhn kommoynistikes xwres kai paragei h idia to 65% ths katanalwshs.H Polwnia, eisagei to 47% toy aerioy gia eswterikh xrhsh apo th Rwsia mesw ths Leykorwsias. O anaplhrwths prwqypoyrgos anakoinwse oti h kybernhsh exei egkrinei thn perikoph twn promhqeiwn stoys biomhxanikoys pelates alla h etaireia dianomhs aerioy PGNiG dhlwse oti h xwra lambanei to 84% toy aerioy gia to opoio exei yparjei symfwnia me th Rwsia para th diakoph ths promhqeias.Dyo epomenes xwres einai syndedemenes kai epidiwkoyn thn entajh toys sthn E.E..H Kroatia, eisagei to 37% toy aerioy gia eswterikh xrhsh apo th Rwsia kai h kybernhsh khryje thn xwra ``se krish'' arga to brady ths 6hs Ianoyarioy poy stamathse h paroxh anagkazontas tis etaireies dianomhs na kanoyn perikopes twn rown aerioy sth biomhxania kai na dwsoyn proteraiothta se katoikies, sxoleia kai nosokomeia.H Kroatia katanalwnei 12 ekatommyria kybika metra th mera kata toys xeimerinoys mhnes apo ta opoia paragei h idia ta 4,8 ekatommyria kai eisagei ta ypoloipa apo th Rwsia.H Toyrkia, eisagei to 67% toy aerioy gia eswterikh xrhsh apo th Rwsia. H paragwgh se treis toyrkikes monades hlektrikhs energeias stamathse enw h paroxh rwsikoy aerioy mesw enos dytikoy agwgoy poy pernaei apo thn Oykrania eixe diakopei thn Trith.H xwra exei ayjhsei tis promhqeies ths ejantlwntas to synolo twn 45 ekatommyriwn kybikwn metrwn ths dynamikothtas toy agwgoy Blue Stream ths Gazprom, o opoios perna apo thn Mayrh Qalassa.Oi alles tesseris xwres poy qigontai briskontai sth Notioanatolikh Eyrwph.H Bosnia, eisagei apo th Rwsia to synolo twn anagkwn ths eswterikhs katanalwshs, peripoy 350 ekatommyria kybika metra ton xrono kai den exei kaqoloy apoqemata. H katanalwsh tis dyo teleytaies hmeres anebhke sto 1,6 ekatommyria kybika metra ton xrono ejaitias twn xamhlwn qermokrasiwn. H paroxh rwsikoy aerioy stamathse stis 6 Ianoyarioy.H Serbia, eisagei to 87% toy aerioy gia eswterikh xrhsh apo th Rwsia symfwna me stoixeia ths Amerikanikhs Arxhs

    Sthn Oykrania Kievenergo, h megalyterh epixeirhsh hlektrismoy kai qermanshs ths oykranikhs prwteyoysas, anakoinwse oti prokeimenoy na kalycei thn elleich fysikoy aerioy, arxise hdh na xrhsimopoiei ta apoqemata petrelaioy poy diaqetei gia periptwseis ektakths anagkhs.Oi katoikies stis poleis ths Oykranias qermainontai mesw kentrikoy diktyoy poy prowqei zesto nero stis swlhnwseis toys kai hdh oi polites exoyn anaferei shmantikh meiwsh ths qermokrasias sta diamerismata toys, se mia stigmh opoy h qermokrasia sto Kiebo thn Tetarth eixe pesei katw apo toys meion 20 baqmoys Kelsioy.

    Dhlwseis AlmoyniaH Rwsia den qa prepei na mporei na xrhsimopoiei to fysiko aerio ws politiko oplo, dhlwse sth Slobakia o eyrwpaios epitropos armodios gia tis Oikonomikes Ypoqeseis Gioakin Almoynia."Mporoyme na xrhsimopoihsoyme diplwmatika mesa kai na laboyme politika metra gia na mhn mporoyn oi rwsoi etairoi mas na xrhsimopoioyn to fysiko aerio ws oplo gia na apeiloyn alloys", dhlwse se synenteyjh Typoy sthn Mpratislaba."Mporoyme na to kanoyme ayto, xwris na xrhsimopoihsoyme kyrwseis h alla metra toy idioy typoy", dhlwse xwris na dieykrinisei poion typo metrwn skeptetai."Emeis oi Eyrwpaioi gnwrizoyme oti oi oikonomies mas ejartwntai kata poly apo to rwsiko fysiko aerio, omws kai oi Rwsoi gnwrizoyn epishs poly kala oti oi paragwgoi toy rwsikoy fysikoy aerioy ejartwntai kai ekeinoi poly apo thn eyrwpaikh zhthsh", prosqese."Oi rwsoi etairoi mas qa prepei na jeroyn oti den prokeitai na parameinoyme apaqeis", tonise.Pantws, o eyrwpaios epitropos arnhqhke na diorisei enan ypeyqyno gia thn dienejh gia to fysiko aerio anamesa sth Mosxa kai to Kiebo."Sto parelqon maqame oti h Rwsia eixe xrhsimopoihsei merikes fores to fysiko aerio ws politiko oplo, den mporw na to apokleisw ayto, omws den mporw na apokleisw epishs kai to oti h Oykrania ferei eyqynh", sthn trexoysa katastash, shmeiwse o k. Almoynia.

    Ektimhseis eidikwnApofasismenh na ekmetalleyqei plhrws th gewgrafikh ``qesh-kleidi'' poy exei sth dienejh ths me th Rwsia gia to fysiko aerio, einai h Oykrania, ektimoyn analytes, kaqws h Mosxa den mporei na agnohsei th qesh ayths ths xwras apo thn opoia dierxontai shmantikoi energeiakoi diayloi apo thn Anatolh pros th Dysh."Sthn prajh, h Oykrania kai oi Oykranoi eidikoi qewroyn oti h xwra brisketai se mia tetoia qesh poy mporei na ypagoreysei toys oroys ths sth Gazprom", dhlwnei o Blantimir Kornilof, dieyqynths toy oykranikoy grafeioy toy institoytoy CIS to opoio exei edra th Mosxa.

    "H Oykrania antilambanetai poly kala oti h Rwsia den exei, pros to paron, enallaktikes kaqws kai to oti to megalytero meros twn posothtwn fysikoy aerioy me to opoio h Gazprom trofodotei thn Eyrwph dierxetai apo ta edafh ths", prosqese.

    Apo thn katarreysh ths Sobietikhs Enwshs, to 1991, mexri twra, h Oykrania einai h odos dieleyshs toy 80% twn ejagwgwn fysikoy aerioy ths Gazprom sthn Eyrwph.Kathgorwntas to Kiebo oti den apoplhrwse emproqesma ta xreh toy kai oti "klebei" posothtes fysikoy aerioy poy dierxontai apo th xwra me proorismo thn eyrwpaikh agora, h Gazprom exei katasthsei safes oti prokeitai na dhmioyrghsei nees odoys dieleyshs.Wstoso, oi dyo ypoqalassioi agwgoi [o Nord Stream sth Baltikh kai o South Stream ston Eyjeino Ponto], oi opoioi proorizontai gia na ejasfalisoyn thn aproskopth trofodosia ths Eyrwphs, den exoyn akomh kataskeyastei.

    H Oykrania exei synora me treis xwres-melh ths E.E. oi opoies ejartwntai apo eisagwges fysikoy aerioy apo th Rwsia: th Roymania, ths opoias h synolikh ethsia katanalwsh ths se fysiko aerio kalyptetai se pososto 31% apo eisagwges apo th Rwsia, thn Oyggaria ths opoias h katanalwsh kalyptetai se pososto 65% kai th Slobakia ths opoias o baqmos ejarthshs aggizei to 100%.

    Wstoso, einai oi terasties apoqhkeytikes egkatastaseis poy klhronomhse h Oykrania apo th sobietikh periodo poy kaqistoyn th xwra ayth "anantikatastath" ektima Mixahl Gkontsar, dieyqynths twn energeiakwn programmatwn toy kentroy ereynas Nomos poy exei edra th Sebastoypolh.

    Prokeitai gia "fantasiwsh ths Gazprom" na pisteyei kaneis oti oi sxediazomenoi agwgoi Nord Stream kai South Stream synistoyn enallaktikh lysh stis apoqhkeytikes egkatastaseis ths Oykranias, me xwrhtikothta 32 disekatommyriwn kybikwn metrwn fysikoy aerioy, tonizei o Mixahl Gkontsar. "Ayto den shmainei apla kai monon ekmetalleysh mias gewpolitikhs qeshs, einai mia pragmatikothta", katalhgei.

    Parallhla, h pagkosmia oikonomikh krish kai h ptwsh twn timwn toy petrelaioy stis dieqneis agores, me tis opoies syndeontai oi times toy fysikoy aerioy, epitrepoyn sto Kiebo na exei megalyterh aytopepoiqhsh, sthn prospaqeia toy na apospasei apo th Gazprom thn kalyterh dynath timh. "H Oykrania den exei tipota na fobhqei. Exei apoqemata kai oi times toy petrelaioy katagrafoyn ptwsh", ektima o dieyqynths toy institoytoy Global Strategies Bantim Karasiwf. Hdh, "h Oykrania exei kerdisei. Oles oi prospaqeies ths Rwsias na thn timwrhsei den katelhjan poyqena", prosqese.

    DEH gia thn aneparkeia paroxhs fysikoy aerioy ston AHS KomothnhsMe aformh dhmosieymata, symfwna me ta opoia h DEH A.E. den zhmiwnetai, alla, antiqetws, epwfeleitai apo thn aneparkeia paroxhs fysikoy aerioy ston AHS Komothnhs, dioti, ``xrhsimopoiei to fqhnotero, shmera petrelaio'', apo thn Epixeirhsh, se anakoinwsh ths, dieykrinizontai ta akoloyqa:``Apo tis 6.1.2009, logw ths xamhlhs pieshs (aneparkeia) toy fysikoy aerioy ston AHS Komothnhs, o Staqmos xrhsimopoiei ws kaysimo nthzel me epibarynsh, poy ofeiletai sth sxetikh diafora toy kostoys twn dyo kaysimwn, ycoys 35 - 40 b/MWh. Ypogrammizetai oti, to nthzel, poy mporei na xrhsimopoihqei anti toy fysikoy aerioy ston AHS Komothnhs, kostizei poly perissotero apo to mazoyt, to opoio xrhsimopoieitai se alloy typoy, petrelaikes, Monades''.

    Apanthsh DEPA sthn epistolh toy S.B.B.E.Mono se monades hlektroparagwghs kai megales biomhxanikes egkatastaseis [p.x.: diylisthria], afora h anafora toy proedroy ths DEPA sto endexomeno ypokatastashs toy fysikoy aerioy me petrelaio, ean yparjei elleich toy prwtoy, opws dieykrinise h dioikhsh ths etairias, apantwntas se sxetikh epistolh toy proedroy toy Syndesmoy Biomhxaniwn Boreioy Ellados [SBBE], Gewrgioy Mylwna.

    "Einai safes, apo tis dhmosies topoqethseis toso toy ypoyrgeioy Anaptyjhs, oso kai ths DEPA, oti den tiqetai qema diakophs trofodosias twn katanalwtwn fysikoy aerioy, symperilambanomenwn kai twn biomhxanikwn katanalwtwn", ypogrammizetai se anakoinwsh ths etairias, opoy dieykrinizetai oti h endexomenh ypokatastash afora mono megales monades, poy exoyn th dynatothta na "perasoyn" omala apo to ena kaysimo sto allo, symfwna me tis ypogegrammenes symbaseis pwlhshs fysikoy aerioy.

    Symfwna me thn anakoinwsh, h DEPA lambanei ola ta anagkaia metra gia th diasfalish ths adialeipths trofodosias ths Ellhnikhs agoras fysikoy aerioy. Ypenqymizetai oti, sthn epistolh toy, o k. Mylwnas ypogrammize oti an oi biomhxanies xreiastei na allajoyn kaysimo, tote polles qa odhghqoyn sto loyketo, kaqws gia thn apaitoymenh prosarmogh twn mhxanhmatwn toys mporei na xreiastoyn mexri kai dyo ebdomades.

    PHGES: NET / NET-105,8 / APE-MPE / Reuters / Galliko praktoreio / Tanjug

    Eidhsh: 17505

    [05] G. Papandreoy: Ekloges, h monh diejodos

    Ellada -

    Politikh

    Drimeia epiqesh sthn kybernhsh ef' olhs ths ylhs gia tis politikes ths kai proswpika ston prwqypoyrgo ejapelyse o Giwrgos Papandreoy, apo tis Serres ap' opoy jekinhse periodeies sthn perifereia. Me anafores sthn eirhnh jekinhse thn omilia toy o proedros toy PASOK to brady ths Pempths stis Serres, katadikazontas "me ton pio aperifrasto tropo kaqe prajh bias apo opoy kai an proerxetai" kai toys "polynekroys israhlinoys bombardismoys kai tis epixeirhseis sth Gaza", zhtwntas apo oloys thn "amesh katapaysh toy pyros kai twn exqroprajiwn" kai ekfrazontas thn elpida "na eywdoqoyn oi prospaqeies gia epiteyjh ekexeirias". Milwntas se politikh sygkentrwsh o Giwrgos Papandreoy zhthse amesh prosfygh stis kalpes, epishmainontas oti o anasxhmatismos den prokeitai na allajei thn arnhtikh eikona ths kybernhshs, afoy to qema -opws eipe- den einai ta proswpa alla h politikh. Anaferomenos sta agrotika qemata eipe oti h ypaiqros emfanizei entona shmadia egkataleichs kai paroysiase toys tessereis basikoys ajones ths politikhs toy PASOK ston agrotiko tomea kai anelabe deka desmeyseis gia mia symfwnia empistosynhs ths politeias me ton agrotiko kosmo.

    O proedros toy PASOK sthn omilia toy zhthse amesh katapaysh toy pyros kai twn exqroprajiwn sth Mesh Anatolh. Katadikazoyme toys Israhlinoys polynekroys bombardismoys kai tis epixeirhseis sthn Gaza, eipe. Apoteloyn energeies aparadekths bias eis baros amaxwn kai toy Palaistiniakoy laoy. Ekfrazoyme thn allhleggyh kai th symparastash mas ston palaistiniako lao kai toys agwnes toys.O k. Papandreoy anaferqhke kai sthn "idiaitera ayjhmenh proklhtikh drasthriothta ths Toyrkias sto Aigaio" thn opoia kathggeile me ton pio kathgorhmatiko tropo, prosqetontas oti o Proedros ths Dhmokratias edwse thn katallhloterh apanthsh me thn paroysia toy sto Agaqonhsi.

    "Emeis apantame sthn Toyrkia kai se opoion allon endiaferomeno poly apla kai eyqews oti kaneis den mporei na amfisbhthsei ta kyriarxika dikaiwmata ths Elladas, den qa to epitrecoyme", ypogrammise o k. Papandreoy, apaitwntas apo thn Toyrkia na stamathsei ta epikindyna paignidia. O proedros toy PASOK tonise parallhla oti apaiteitai mia ejwterikh politikh poy qa diasfalizei plhrws ta symferonta ths xwras, qa dinei to aparaithto kyros kai baros sthn Ellada kai den qa epitrepei sthn Toyrkia h se opoiondhpote allo thn apoqrasynsh, legontas oti oi kybernhseis toy PASOK edeijan to swsto dromo sto parelqon kai prosqetontas oti "qa to apodeijoyme jana ston ellhniko lao kai malista poly syntoma".

    Anaferomenos o k. Papandreoy sto qema toy anasxhmatismoy ths kybernhshs eipe oti politikh den einai asxoleisai epi treis mhnes me enan anasxhmatismo kai tonise oti anasxhmatismos xwris sobaro sxedio gia ton topo kai sxedio poreias gia th xwra einai "san na allazeis kwphlates alla na symboyleyesai thn idia xalasmenh pyjida". "Kai ayto xreiazetai allagh poreias staqero kai sigoyro sxedio - pyjida kai sigoyro timoni" tonise o k. Papandreoy.

    O proedros toy PASOK eipe oti ena basiko stoixeio poy enwnei toys agrotes me opoiadhpote allh plhqysmiakh omada epaggelmatikh koinwnikh kai hlikiakh einai "to poly ypoylo kai epikindyno synaisqhma ths anasfaleias, h opoia kaqhlwnei enan oloklhro lao, o opoios xanei etsi ta oramata toy, thn elpida toy kai thn prooptikh toy". "Mporoyme poly kalytera. Skefqeite th sigoyria kai asfaleia poy aisqanotan o Ellhnas sthn Aqhna toy 2004 kai sygkrinetai ekeinh thn eikona me ayth poy zhsame kai zoyme tis meres aytes" eipe o k. Papandreoy, qetontas to erwthma "ti na pei kaneis sth mana toy 20xronoy Diamanth kai ti na pei kaneis sth mana toy 15xronoy Alejandroy".

    O proedros toy PASOK kathgorhse thn kybernhsh oti dhmioyrghse ena xasma metajy swmatwn Asfaleias kai laoy kai oti basisthke sth strathgikh ths entashs kai toy koinwnikoy dixasmoy. Kai tonise oti an sth skech ths synthrhshs einai na aposyrqei o ellhnikos laos ayto den qa ginei. O k. Papandreoy eipe oti sth dhmokratia den yparxoyn adiejoda kaqws th lysh th dinoyn oi kalpes kai o laos kai tonise oti to prwto poy kaleitai na eggyhqei to PASOK meta tis ekloges einai h apokatastash ths empistosynhs, ths sigoyrias kai ths elpidas. Akoma prosqese oti o idios kai to komma toy exoyn to qarros kai thn boylhsh na sygkroysqoyn me symferontai poy nemontai thn perioysia toy laoy kai me antilhceis kai praktikes alazoneias kai ayqairesias.

    Anaferomenos sta problhmata twn agrotwn, o k. Papandreoy epekrine thn kybernhsh gia egkataleich ths agrotias kai sto eswteriko kai ejwteriko kai eipe oti oi basikoi ajones ths politikhs toy PASOK ston agrotiko tomea einai oi: Apotelesmatikh prostasia toy agrotikoy eisodhmatos kai synexish twn koinotikwn enisxysewn kai meta to 2013, eksygxronismos twn agrotikwn ekmetalleysewn kai programmata gia neoys agrotes me ayjhsh twn dhmosiwn ependysewn, kinhtra gia nees syllogikes domes, elegxo ths agoras kai xtyphma twn kartel kai ependysh ston anqrwpo.O k. Papandreoy proteine epishs mia seira apo oxtw metra ta opoia, opws eipe, synistoyn mia symfwnia empistosynhs ths politeias me ton agrotiko kosmo kai perilambanoyn apo thn ayjhsh twn dhmosiwn ependysewn gia thn beltiwsh twn ypodomwn ws thn anaptyjh enos sygxronoy diktyoy koinwnikhs prostasias gia toys agrotes.

    H kyria synistamenh aytwn twn oxtw metrwn apeyqynetai kyriws stoys neoys agrotes, etsi, wste, aytoi na epilegoyn pleon me asfaleia to epaggelma toy agroth.

    Peran aytwn twn oxtw makroproqesmwn metrwn o k. Papandreoy proteine kai thn lhch deka ameswn metrwn oikonomikhs anakoyfishs twn agrotwn, anamesa sta opoia perilambanetai h dioxeteysh enos dis. eyrw apo ta 28 poy dinontai stis trapezes ston agrotiko tomea, h epimhkynsh toy xronoy apoplhrwmhs twn lhjiproqesmwn ofeilwn kai to pagwma olwn twn enhmerwn daneiwn gia dyo xronia. Epishs, proteinetai h ayjhsh apo 7% se 11% ths epistrofhs FPA stoys agrotes poy ypagontai sto eidiko kaqestws gia ola ta proionta fytikhs kai zwikhs paragwghs, h epistrofh toy eidikoy foroy katanalwshs petrelaioy se pososto 4% epi twn timologiwn pwlhshs twn agrotikwn proiontwn gia toys paragwgoys kai h katarghsh toy Eniaioy Teloys Akinhths Perioysias kai h epanafora toy kaqestwtos toy foroy megalhs akinhths perioysias.

    Oloklhrwnontas thn omilia toy, o k. Papandreoy eipe oti den einai h wra gia tyfles politikes kai koinwnikes polwseis, prosqese oti to PASOK qelei na enwsei tis koinwnikes dynameis gyrw apo tis lyseis poy proteinei, epishmane oti o politikos xronos ths kybernhshs exei teleiwsei kai oti kaqe mera poy menei sthn ejoysia dhmioyrgei prosqeto kostos gia th xwra kai thn byqizei akoma pio baqeia sthn krish, enw ejefrase thn bebaiothta oti to PASOK ayrio ws kybernhsh qa xtisei mazi me toys polites "thn Ellada poy qeloyme kai poy mas ajizei".

    PHGES: NET, APE-MPE

    Eidhsh: 17504


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