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Anadolu Agency: News in English, 98-01-09
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From: The Anadolu Agency Home Page at <http://www.anadoluajansi.gov.tr/>
09 JAN 1998
 TURKEY-PRESS SCANThese are some of the leading stories in Turkey's press on Jan 9, 1997. Anadolu Agency does not verify these stories and does not vouch for their accuracy. You will find better detailed summaries of major news reports in a few hours.
HÜRRİYET (LIBERAL)MUFTI WHO PULLS DOWN TABOOS
Aegean Izmir province Karsiyaka district's Mufti Nadir Kuru pulled down a wrong implementation in Islam world and made women have funeral service with men.
MİLLİYET (LIBERAL)THEY HAVE TALKED ABOUT ELECTION
Prime Minister Mesut Yilmaz offered three choices to Republican Peoples Party (CHP) leader Deniz Baykal in a summit which took place after closed doors.
SABAH (LIBERAL)''WE WILL LIFT HIS IMMUNITY''
Prime Minister Mesut Yilmaz said ''Kalemli made a political mistake. Yet, there is not a legal crime so far. Yet, we will do what is necessary if prosecutorship says his immunity should be lifted.''
CUMHURİYET (LEFT)''THEY HAVE DECEIVED THE PARLIAMENT''
It was determined that real cost of Parliament General Assembly Hall project was 12 million dollars.
TÜRKİYE (RIGHT)TARGET: 50 PERCENT INFLATION
Central Bank discloses Jan-March period money program. The program extends support to the target of bringing inflation to 70 percent in the sixth month and to 50 percent by the end of this year.
RADİKAL (LEFT)''THAT IS ENOUGH. RESIGN!''
Former Parliament Speaker Mustafa Kalemli who could not persuade even his party with his defenses against the corruption allegations, should himself throw immunity protection in order to be cleaned infront of public.
ZAMAN (CONSERVATIVE)''THEY WILL SAVE DUYAR''
Businessmen Sabanci speaks bitterly on the anniversary of his brother's assasination. He said ''somebody protects Duyar. It is impossible to understand those people as it happened in Susurluk case.''
YENİ YÜZYIL (LIBERAL)6.3 TRILLION PROFITEERING
Architect of the Parliament project Ibrahim Ural discloses: ''the cost is maximum 12 million dollar. All prices are exaggerated two or three times.''
STEP BY STEP DEMOCRACY
FİNANSAL FORUM (ECONOMY)IMF TO COME WITH ONE WEEK POSTPONEMENT
An International Monetary Fund (IMF) delegation, headed by Martin Hardy postponed their visit to Turkey. A written statement from the Treasury said the delegation will come to Turkey on Jan 19 to start contacts.
 TURKEY-DRUGS - MORE THAN 480 KG HEROIN SEIZED IN SARP BORDER GATEHOPA, Jan 8 (A.A) - Turkish customs police seized 480 kg of pure heroin at Turkey's eastern Sarp border gate on Thursday.
Police told A.A. that they found 480,6 kg of pure heroin in hidden departments in a bus coming from Azerbaijan capital Baku.
The heroine, worth of 15 trillion liras, was confiscated and bus driver Nihat Ayyildiz (38) was taken under custody.
 TURKEY-IMMIGRANTS - GERMAN FOREIGN MINISTER KINKEL: - ''THE PROBLEM IS NOT TURKEY BUT IRAQ''BONN, Jan 8 (A.A) - German Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel said on Thursday that the real problem concerning the immigrant wave to Italy stems from Iraq, not Turkey.
Kinkel told the reporters in Bonn that he understood the harsh reaction of German Internal Minister Manfred Kanther to Ankara and Rome after the illegal immigrants problem emerged. Italy also should be approached with understanding since it suffers from insufficient coastal security, he said.
Kinkel said that majority of the immigrants from Turkey were coming from poor districts of big cities and that they should be considered as economical refugees. Stating that number of those immigrants were decreasing in Europe, Kinkel reminded that among 16.840 Turkish refugees 11, 1 percent was given asylum.
On the other hand number of immigrants coming from Iraq doubled in the same period and reached to 14.088, he said. He added that 17 percent of them were given the right of political asylum.
Kinkel said that the main issue was not the arrival of immigrant by boats to Italy. The problem is more complicated than it is seen, he said.
Kinkel stated that it was not possible to put diplomatic pressure on Iraq to prevent illegal migration.
 TURKEY-EU - BRITISH PRIME MINISTER BLAIR: ''ALL DIPLOMATIC MEANS TO BE USED TO IMPROVE RELATIONS BETWEEN TURKEY AND DURING BRITAIN'S TERM- CHAIRMANSHIP'' - ''THIS HAS VITAL IMPORTANCE FOR TURKEY AND THE EU'' - ''TURKEY REACTS AGAINST LUXEMBOURG RESOLUTIONS. HOWEVER WE BELIEVE THAT TURKEY IS A NATURAL MEMBER OF EUROPEAN FAMILY''LONDON, Jan 9 (A.A) - British Prime Minister Tony Blair said on Thursday that they would use all diplomatic means to improve the relations between Turkey and the European Union (EU) during six months of term-chairmanship of Britain.
British Prime Minister Tony Blair and European Commission Chairman Jacques Santer gave a joint press briefing after the first European Commission meeting under the term-chairmanship of Britain.
Blair and Santer defined next six months period as ''an active and dynamic period'' regarding to unemployment, decreasing the rate of crime, environmental and economical developments in Europe.
In response to a question on escalating tension between Turkey and the EU after the Luxembourg Summit, Blair said that they would use all diplomatic ways to improve the relations between Turkey and the EU. He added that this had a vital importance for both Turkey and the EU. Stating that they knew the reactions of Turkey after the Luxembourg Summit, Blair said that they believed that Turkey was a natural part of the European family.
In response to the same question, Santer said that they called Turkey to soften its reaction and that the decision on Turkey was the first in the history of the union.
Santer said that all 15 members of the EU were for the first time agreed on the conditions of Turkey's membership and that those conditions were the same for other candidates.
Stating that Turkey was treated equally as other candidates, Santer said that Ankara should once more review Luxembourg decisions with a positive approach.
In reponse to a question on the start of talks on Greek Cypriot's membership to the EU, Blair said that they hoped that Turkish Cypriots would participate in these talks, as stated in Luxembourg summit.
Stressing that the membership talks with Greek Cypriots will be carried out as scheduled before, Blair said that a solution to Cyprus problem would also bring success to talks in the EU.
In response to a question on illegal immigrant wave to Europe, Tony Blair underlined the importance of cooperation and he added that finding a solution was not very easy for the moment. He said that the issue would be taken up in a meeting scheduled by the end of January.
 TURKEY-ROME MEETING - ROME MEETING ENDS - TURKEY'S PROTEST TO SCHENGEN COUNTRIES - TURKISH POLICE CHIEF BILICAN: ''EU COUNTRIES SHOULD SEE THE FACT THAT THERE IS ORGANISED CRIME GROUPS AND SEPARATIST ORGANISATION BEHIND THE ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION'' - ''MISUSE OF RIGTH OF POLITIC ASYLUM SHOULD NOT BE PERMITTED''ROME, Jan 9 (A.A) - The meeting of Police Chiefs of seven Schengen Countries and Turkey, on preventing the illegal immigration to Italy, that was held in Rome ended on Thursday.
During the meeting Turkey protested that participant countries did not recognize openly the role of the separatist terrorist PKK organization and other organized crime groups on the issue of illegal immigration.
In the statement released after the meeting, Turkey raised reservations saying that it would examine the document in question and continue to struggle against organized crime.
Addressing a press briefing after the meeting in Rome, Turkish Police Chief Necati Bilican recalled that there was organized crime groups behind illegal immigration and that they were promoted by the separatist organization.
Bilican said that Turkey warned once more the participating countries on the misuse of right of political asylum.
Stating that Turkish side rejected the expressions such as ''the situation of the Kurdish immigrants in Turkey'' and ''Kurdish regions in Turkey'', Bilican said they stressed that EU countries should not fall into the mistake of definition on these issues.
Bilican said there was not a consensus of opinion between participating countries about the role of organized crime organization regarding illegal immigration, adding that after his statements on the issue, other sides partly proved Turkey right.
Recalling that custom and port officials had responsibility as much as the police and security forces on the prevention of illegal immigration, Bilican said that they wanted Europe to see the fact that poverty and economical problems also lied behind the immigration to Europe.
Italy, Greece, Belgium, Austria, Germany, France, the Netherlands and Turkey were the participating countries. Britain participated as the representative of the EU Term Presidency, as observer.
The document released after the meeting foresees:
-Increasing the precautions to observe and control the borders.
-Increasing the internal security precautions near common borders and complying with the agreements on passages from borders.
-Regular exchange of information on illegal immigration.
-Increasing the cooperation between police organizations of member countries, on the issue.
-Keeping and publishing of the information on fingerprints of the illegal immigrants.
 1997 REPORT OF EUROPEAN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION AND COURT ISSUED - GREECE IS THE COUNTRY WHICH VIOLATES HUMAN RIGHTS CONVENTION MOSTSTRASBOURG, Jan 9 (A.A) - Annual records of the trials of 1997, of the European Human Rights Commission and Court were issued on Thursday.
In the press briefing at European Commission, it was stated that 4.750 appeals to Human Rights Commission took place in 1997.
Italy is the first in number of complaints to the European Human Rights Commission in 1997, with 2.066. France is second with 1.968, then comes Poland with 1.318, Germany with 1.224 and Britain with 1.209.
There were 292 complaint files related to Turkey in the Commission in 1997. 365 applications were recorded related to Turkey and information was asked from Turkish Government for 344 of them. 34 of the complaints were not accepted in the Commission, whereas 29 were accepted.
European Court of Human Rights resolved 119 complaint applications in 1997. 53 of them showed that related member countries violated the convention. Greece is first with 10 cases, Austria and the Britain are second with 6 cases. 13 cases were resolved related to Turkey. In five of these cases, decisions were given that Turkey violated the convention.
 TURKISH PRESS REVIEW (1)These are brief summaries of some of the leading stories in Turkey's press on January 9, 1997. Anadolu Agency does not verify these stories and does not vouch for their accuracy.
(Derived from Newsspot of Turkish Directorate of General Press and Information)
EUROPEAN POLICE CHIEFS TACKLE REFUGEE CRISIS
Security Department Chief Necati Bilican and four other high-level officials participated on behalf of Turkey. Bilican was expected to maintain Turkey's previously announced position that the immigrants should be regarded as illegal immigrants and not political refugees. He was also expected to underline the roles of organized crime groups and the outlawed PKK terrorist organization in smuggling and to urge the revival of the implementation of the 1986 Convention on the Prevention of Organized Crime and Smuggling. The Turkish delegation was to assert Foreign Minister Ismail Cem's statement that Turkey would accept the immigrants if they are turned back. /All papers/
INTERIOR MINISTER LAUNCHES INVESTIGATION ON REFUGEE SMUGGLING
BLAIR, ''TURKEY IS A NATURAL PART OF EUROPE''
Meanwhile, Santer also said the text agreed to in Luxembourg regarding Turkey had a great significance since it was the first time 15 member- states had agreed on conditions for Turkey to join the EU.
Regarding the issue of Kurdish immigration Europe, both Blair and Santer said cooperation was vital for all illegal immigration to be prevented. /Milliyet/
During a meeting with his Turkish counterpart Ismail Cem, Verdine said that Kurdish problem could not be resolved by employing merely military measures, and that cultural initiatives also needed to be undertaken. Cem said that Turkey was as sensitive as France to with respect to preserving its national values. During his meetings with Turkish officials, Verdine also discussed moves for improving bilateral relations. Within this framework, the establishment of a joint group to spot and tackle bilateral disagreements and improve Turco-French cooperation in all fields has been agreed upon. /Hurriyet and all papers/
IMF TALKS POSTPONED
SIX PRISONER ON THE BRICK OF DEATH
 TURKISH PRESS REVIEW (2)These are brief summaries of some of the leading stories in Turkey's press on January 9, 1997. Anadolu Agency does not verify these stories and does not vouch for their accuracy.
(Derived from Newsspot of Turkish Directorate of General Press and Information)
TURKEY PROTESTS TO SCHENGEN COUNTRIES
DECISION IN RP CASE POSTPONED TO NEXT WEEK
POLITICAL IMMUNITY OF FIVE POLITICIANS LIFTED
The decision of the Joint Commission is not final. It has to be approved by the General Assembly to become binding. Only then can procedures for a trial be started. /All papers/
BASIC PROBLEM IS NORTHERN IRAQ
JETS IN AEGEAN
''TOURISM SHOULD BE A NATIONAL TARGET''
SHOCKING REPORT FROM CIA
SUCCESSFUL ANTI-DRUG OPERATION
DELIVERY OF NEW US FRIGATES TO TURKEY
TURKEY IMPROVES HUMAN RIGHTS RECORD
 TURKEY-TRNC - PRESIDENT DEMIREL RECEIVES TRNC PARLIAMENT SPEAKERANKARA, Jan 9 (A.A) - President Suleyman Demirel said on Friday that European Union (EU), with the resolution taken during Luxembourg Summit, deadlocked efforts carried out on Cyprus question. ''Yet, it should not be forgotten that Cyprus question has not started today and Turkey's views has not changed so far,'' he added.
Addressing a meeting with TRNC Parliament Speaker Hakki Atun, Demirel said ''after the resolution taken in Luxembourg, seeking for a solution to this conflict is another situation that should be thought.''
''It is impossible to understand what EU expected by including a conflict like Cyprus question in its structure. Starting negotiations with Southern Cyprus, and regarding it as whole Cyprus, is not a correct attitude. Efforts will take place to find a political solution to Cyprus question after elections that will take place in Southern Cyprus in February,'' Demirel said, adding that efforts carried out so far to this end were deadlocked with EU's Luxembourg decision.
Demirel said economic relations between the two countries will continue to be improved, adding that ''if you will be able to provide stability, you will be successful in the end.''
 TURKEY-FOREIGN TRADE - TURKEY MAKES 18,2 BILLION DOLLARS EXPORTATION AND 33,6 BILLION DOLLAR IMPORTATION IN JAN-SEPT PERIODANKARA, Jan 9 (A.A) - Turkey made 18,2 billion dollar exportation and 33,5 billion dollar importation in Jan-Sept period last year, it was reported on Friday.
A State Statistics Institute statement said 9.9 percent increase recorded in exportation and 8.7 percent increase recorded in importation in Jan-Sept period.
In Jan-Sept period of 1996, 16,4 billion dollar exportation and 30,9 billion dollar importation was made.
Foreign trade deficit, which was 14,5 billion dollars in the first nine months of 1996, increased by 7.4 percent and increased to 15,6 billion dollars.
According to the outputs of State Statistics Institute, 2,2 billion dollar exportation and 4,2 billion dollar importation was made in September in 1997.
Exportation increased 14.9 percent in September and importation increased 31.6 percent. Foreign trade deficit increased 55.3 percent in September and increased to 2.7 billion dollars from 1.3 billion dollars.
Foreign trade prices as of Jan-Sept period and September month in 1996 and 1997 are as follows in million dollars:
September change Jan-Sept change 1996 1997 perc 1996 1997 percent ------- ------- ---- --------- --------- --- Exportation 1.892.7 2.175.0 14.9 16.404.2 18.020.8 9.9 Importation 3.225.4 4.244.4 31.6 30.904.7 33.591.0 8.7 Trade Deficit 1.332.6 -2.069.4 55.3 -14.500.5 -15.570.2 7.4 Meeting ratio(perc) 58.7 51.2 53.1 53.6
 TURKEY-ECONOMY - 1998 YEAR IMPORTATION REGIME TAKES EFFECTANKARA, Jan 9 (A.A) - Importation Regime for 1998 took effect stçerting from Jan 1, 1998 after being published in Friday's official gazette.
With the Importation Regime, Turkey's commitments stemming from international agreement were fulfilled and protection ratios in importation of several agriculture products were increased to protect producers.
1998 Importation Regime was prepared by Foreign Trade Undersecretariat by taking into account the demands of public and private sectors, requirements of industry, views of Agriculture and Village Affairs Ministry, Energy and Natural Resources Ministry and State Planning and Customs Undersecretaries within the framework of free trade agreements and customs union signed with European Union (EU) and foundation agreement signed with World Trade Organization.
Importation Regime consisted 10 lists arranging customs taxes.
With the new regime, protection ratio forwarded to third countries, decreased from 5.6 percent to 5.3 percent for industry products.
Protection ratio on agriculture products was 46 percent in 1996 and 45 percent in 1997.
 TURKEY-GREECE - GREEK COASTGUARD BOAT OPENS FIRE ON TURKISH FISHING BOATAYVALIK, Jan 9 (A.A) - A Greek coastguard boate opened fire on a Turkish fishing boat off Ayvalik shores in Aegean Sea early on Friday.
It was reported that Greek boat, sailing from Lesbos Island, opened gunfire on a fishing boat called Murat Reis, fishing near Günes Island.
Greek vessel sailed away when Aziz Goksin, captain of the fishing boat, called on the Turkish coastguard for help.
It was also reported that the fishing boat was taken to Lesbos Island while fishing three years ago and returned to Ayvalik after the decision of a court.
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