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Anadolu Agency: News in English, 99-09-16
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From: The Anadolu Agency Home Page at <http://www.anadoluajansi.gov.tr/>
16 Sept 1999 Thursday
 DINI, ITALIAN FOREIGN MINISTER: ''A NEW PAGE OPENS IN TURKISH-ITALIAN RELATIONS''ROME, Sept 16 (A.A) - Laberto Dini, Italian Foreign Minister, said on Thursday that a new page would be opened in relations between Turkey and Italy.
Dini, who left for Turkey on a two-day visit, told Italian official news agency Ansa that his visit to Turkey was a one to open a new page in relations between Turkey and Italy.
Dini said his visit was a willing test to overcome conflicts and disputes of the past.
Lamberto Dini, who also evaluated Turkey's candidacy status to European Union (EU), said ''although an official decision has not been issued, there is the hope to recognize Turkey's candidacy status.''
 TURKEY-PRESS SCANThese are some of the major headlines and their brief stories in Turkey's press on Sept 16, 1999. The Anadolu Ajansi does not verify these stories and does not vouch for their accuracy.
HURRIYET (LIBERAL)SUICIDE NIGHT
Hikmet Ulugbay told about the night he attempted to commit suicide and excused from everybody. Ulugbay said ''my wife was sleeping in the living room and my son was in his room when I decided to commit suicide. I put the gun under my chin and I fired it. I fell on the bed. When I realized that I was alive, I tried to fire again but I lost my strength. The second bullet did not hit my body.'' Describing why he fired the gun, Ulugbay said ''I did not think of having a holiday although I worked very hard. I kept the problems to myself and did not talk about them and I was offended against the statements of several people.''
MILITARY HELICOPTER CRASHES: THREE DIE
Officials said the helicopter belonged to the Seventh Army Corps and crashed due to a technical fault.
MILLIYET (LIBERAL)SHADOW OVER FRIENDSHIP
A shadow was casted over Turkish-Greek friendship which started with the quakes. Ankara reacted to the attitude of Stefanopoulos, Greek President, who on August 29 signed a decree regarding commemorating September 14 as ''the day when Greek Cypriots in Western Anatolia were massacred''.
QUAKE ADDED TAX
SABAH (LIBERAL)MR. QUAKE IS AT MATCH
Prof. Ahmet Mete Isikara, Director of Kandilli Observatory, was the flash name of the country following the massive earthquake which hit Marmara region on August 17. Everything he did has been followed and he gained a power that people would rush to streets with his words. Isikara left his wife at home and moved to lodgings in the Observatory after the quake. He followed the aftershocks for 29 days and made warnings. Yet, on Wednesday he acted as a normal citizen and watched Galatasaray-Hertha Berlin match.
HARD DAYS IN TOURISM
CUMHURIYET (LEFT)LAMBERTO DINI ARRIVES AT ANKARA
Lamberto Dini, Italian Foreign Minister, arrived at Ankara for a one-day visit. It was reported that Dini's visit was a positive start to adjust relations between the two countries. A high ranking official of Foreign Ministry pointed out that the target of Dini's visit was to normalize relations which soured with Turkey.
IMF CALLS FOR ''POLITICAL DETERMINATION''
RADIKAL (LEFT)AGENDA IS CYPRUS
Suprise summit in Cankaya Palace. An emergency meeting took place between President Suleyman Demirel, Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit, Rauf Denktas, President of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) and several ministers following the intensified initiatives of the U.S. Denktas' sitting at negotiation table with Greek Cypriot leader Clerides under the supervision of the United Nations (U.N.) was focused on.
WHY DID I FIRE THE GUN?
TÜRKİYE (RIGHT)ATTENTION TO CYPRUS
The same scenerio comes again while our full membership to EU is on the agenda. The quakes experienced in Turkey and Greece rapproached these two countries. Softening of the attitude of Athens administration regarding European Union (EU) also contributed to the friendship bridge. Yet, the other side of the warm relations gained a new dimension now, The mask has fallen. Simitis, Greek Prime Minister, thinks Turkey has to give concession to be a full member of the EU. The view of the U.S. is on the same direction.
10 TERRORISTS KILLED
ZAMAN (CONSERVATIVE)QUAKE TRAGEDY
Everybody spoke. The minds were confused. Our country is like a tent theather for one month. Quake experts are scientists who confused us by sharing the theories on which they all could not agree. Red Crescent tents were recorded in the black pages of the history as a great disappointment. Bureucracy can not be organized or take action. The students rushed to streets with the strong aftershock on Monday with a preliminary magnitude of 5.8. It is not clear when the schools will be opened.
REACTIONS INCREASE TOWARDS THE CAMPAIGN CARRIED OUT AGAINST BAKU-CEYHAN
 HERCUS: ''THE SIDES DO NOT WANT CONFLICT IN CYPRUS''NEW YORK, Sept 16 (A.A) - Ann Hercus, Cyprus Special Representative of Kofi Annan, the U.N. Secretary General, said on Wednesday that the two sides in Cyprus did not want ''a hot clash.''
Ann Hercus, who worked as the Cyprus Special Representative of the U.N. Secretary General for 15 months and who will leave the assignment at the end of this month due to personal reasons, gave a briefing in the Security Council.
Addressing the briefing, Hercus said Cyprus problem stemmed from the cultural conflicts between the two communities, one of which was Moslem and the other one is Christian and that both of the leaders look at the past, not the future.
She listed the problems in Cyprus as security, sharing of authority, property, and sharing of territory, the Special Representative underlined that good will and atmosphere that will contribute to the solution were required for solution.
Noting that the strong earthquake which occurred in Turkey on August 17 rapproached Turkey and Greece, Hercus said she expected positive reflections of this rapproachment.
It was reported that several Council members who share the view of Hercus that positive signals were coming from the European Union (EU), wanted this positive atmosphere to be used.
Also, diplomatic sources said Ann Hercus, during her briefing, said it was better not to hold any talks instead of negotiations that will fail.
Hercus also pointed out that Security Council may help solution of Cyprus problem with the meetings that will take place outside the Island.
Several members wanted last resolution of the Security Council 1250, envisaging direct talks between Denktas and Clerides, to be implemented.
Rauf Denktas, the President of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC), many times disclosed that he was not intended to participate in talks in case they are not state-to-state and officially conveyed this thought to Kofi Annan, the U.N. Secretary General, in New York last week.
 TURKISH-GREEK DIALOGUE - COOPERATION TALKS START ON TERRORISM ISSUEANKARA, Sept 16 (A.A) - The meeting between high level diplomats of Turkey and Greece, where struggle against terrorism, smuggling, and organized crimes is discussed, is staged on Thursday.
Faruk Logoglu, Foreign Ministry Deputy Undersecretary, heads Turkish delegation and Anastasios Skoperitis, Greek Foreign Ministry Political Director, heads Turkish delegation.
The first round of Turkish-Greek talks had started in Ankara between July 26 and 27, and ended with the talks held in Athens between July 29 and 30. The second tour of talks started in Athens between September 9 and 10. Environment, trade and tourism issues had been taken up in these talks.
In the second part of the second tour, cultural and regional cooperation issues were discussed.
 DINI, ITALIAN FOREIGN MINISTER, IN ANKARA - FOREIGN MINISTERS OF TURKEY AND ITALY MEET DURING INTERDELEGATIONAL TALKSANKARA, Sept 16 (A.A) - Foreign Minister Ismail Cem and Italian Foreign Minister Lamberto Dini, met on Thursday during interdelegational talks between the two countries.
Uluc Ozulker, Foreign Ministry Deputy Undersecretary, Necati Utkan, Turkey's Ambassador to Rome, Vittorio Claudio Surdo, Italy's Ambassador to Ankara, and other high level diplomats of the two countries participated in the meeting.
Enlivening the relations between Turkey and Italy, which were tensed during the period when Abdullah Ocalan, the head of the terrorist organization, stayed in this country.
Dini who arrived in Ankara on Wednesday evening, pointed out this issue and said the incidents experienced in the latest period seemed to harm relations, yet that there was the good will in both sides to strengthen the relations.
Foreign Ministers of the two countries will meet at lunch again following the interdelegational talks and will stage a news conference at 14:00 local time.
 DETAILS OF PRIME MINISTER ECEVIT'S VISIT TO U.S. BECOME CLEARWASHINGTON D.C., Sept 16 (A.A) - Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit will meet with Bill Clinton, the U.S. President, as well as the leaders of the Senate and the House of Representatives which form the two flanks of the Congress during his scheduled visit to the U.S. that will take place between September 26 and October 1.
Ecevit is expected to arrive at Washington D.C. on September 26 accompanied by a delegation composed of Cumhur Ersumer, Minister of Energy and Natural Resources; Recep Onal, Minister of State; Ismail Cem, Foreign Minister, high level officials, businessmen, and journalists.
Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit will receive William Daley, the U.S. Trade Secretary, in Blair House, the state guest house. Textile products which Turkey exported to the U.S. and increasing the quota of other trade goods will be discussed. Madeleine Albright, the U.S. Secretary of State, during her short visit to Turkey on September 5, had promised that these quotas would be increased.
Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit, will officially meet with Bill Clinton, the U.S. President, on September 28 in the White House and the two leaders will have luch following their meetings. Ecevit and Clinton are expected to address the press the same day.
On the same day, Ecevit will also participate in a meeting which will be staged by The Washington Institute, one of the leading think thank organizations of the U.S.
Prime Minister Ecevit is expected to meet with Trent Lott, leader of Republican majority in the Senate, Jesse Helms, Chairman of Senate Foreign Relations Committee, and Dennis Hasterd, Chairman of Representatives Assembly on September 29. During these talks, Ecevit will call for support from the congress leaders against anti-Turkish intiatives which appear from time to time in the Congress.
Ecevit is expected to meet with James Wolfenson, World Bank President, the same day.
Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit who will participate in the opening of the annual congress of Turkish-American Associations Assembly on September 30, will later proceed to New York.
Ecevit will meet with the leaders of Jewish community here and will participate in the meeting of Turkish-American Associations Federation.
Ecevit, who is planned to meet with Henry Kissinger, former U.S. Secretary of State, on October 1, will participate in a conference that is jointly staged by Turkish American Council and Foreign Economic Relations Council. Ecevit will leave for Turkey after attending another meeting organized by Foreign Policy Association and Turkish Industrialists and Businessmen Association (TUSIAD).
During the contacts of Prime Minister Ecevit, the aid of the U.S. for the quake and Cyprus issues are expected to top the agenda.
All sides of Turkish-American relations, Iraq, democratic reform process in Turkey, arms sales, energy tenders, and Baku-Ceyhan oil pipeline will be discussed during Ecevit-Clinton meeting.
 PARLIAMENTARY DELEGATION IN WASHINGTON - THE DELEGATION, COMPOSED OF 10 DEPUTIES, TO MEET WITH THE U.S. ADMINISTRATION AND CONGRESS OFFICIALSWASHINGTON D.C, Sept 16 (A.A) - The Parliamentary delegation, composed of 10 deputies, arrived in Washington D.C. on Thursday to meet with the U.S. administration and Congress officials. The delegation visits the U.S upon an invitation from a private think thank organization.
Sema Piskinsut from the Democratic Left Party (DSP), Nesrin Unal and Oktay Vural from Nationalist Movement Party (MHP), Abdullatif Sener and Mehmet Elkatmis, from Virtue Party (FP), Ufuk Soylemez, and Necati Cetinkaya from the True Path Party (DYP), and Yasar Topcu and Ilhan Akuzum from the Motherland Party (ANAP), arrived at Washington D.C. after concluding contacts in San Francisco.
The members of the delegation will meet with the officials of the U.S. State Department, Defense Department and Congress and will get information about the foreign, defence, legal and election policies of the U.S.
The delegation will also meet with Baki Ilkin, Turkey's Ambassador to Washington, and the officials of Turkish-American Association Assembly.
The delegation will return to Turkey after proceeding to New York on September 24.
 TURKISH-GREEK DIALOGUE - SECOND ROUND SECOND STAGE TALKS END WITH A SESSION TITLED ''TERRORISM''ANKARA, Sept 16 (A.A) - Second stage of the second round of talks, held between high level diplomats of Turkey and Greece, ended with a session titled ''terrorism'', it was reported on Thursday.
The session which started in the Foreign Ministry at 10:00 local time and which lasted for nearly 3.5 hours, the two sides exchanged views regarding joint struggle of the two countries against terrorism, struggle, and organized crimes.
The delegations did not issue a statement to the press following the session. A statement is expected to be issued within the day regarding the results of the talks.
Faruk Logoglu, Foreign Ministry Deputy Undersecretary, heads the Turkish delegation and Anastasios Skoperitis, Greek Foreign Ministry Political Director, heads Turkish delegation.
The first round of Turkish-Greek talks had started in Ankara between July 26 and 27, and ended with the talks held in Athens between July 29 and 30. The second tour of talks started in Athens between September 9 and 10. Environment, trade, and tourism issues had been taken up in these talks.
In the second part of the second tour, cultural, and regional cooperation issues were discussed.
 GENERAL STAFF EVALUATION: - ''WITHDRAWAL OF SEVERAL PKK MILITANTS TO NORTHERN IRAQ, IS AN ACTIVITY TO WHICH THE ORGANIZATION RESORTS EVERY YEAR BEFORE WINTER''ANKARA, Sept 16 (A.A) - General Staff said on Thursday that withdrawal of several PKK militants to Northern Iraq was an activity which the terrorist organization did every year before winter period, adding that the only condition to put an end to terrorism was that all the terrorists should lay down their arms, make use of Anti-terrorism Law, and they should be made ineffective.
The ''Struggle Against Terrorism Evaluation for August 1999'' of the General Staff pointed out that ''stable success'' recorded in struggle against terrorism continued in August.
Stressing that terrorist acts decreased very much and that the number of terrorists who were rendered ineffective increased, the evaluation said the casualties of Turkish Armed Forces in this period decreased to a large extend.
According to the evaluation which also included several statistical information, the evaluation said armed attack of the terrorists in August decreased 86 percent in August when compared to the last year's same month.
A total of 64 percent decrease was recorded in this period in number of martyrs and wounded ones when compared to the August of last year. It was also reported that a total of 157 terrorists were rendered ineffective.
The statement said Turkish Armed Forces continued struggle against terrorist PKK organization with resolution and success, adding that this can be understood from the figures in question.
Noting that witdrawal of several PKK militants to Northern Iraq was an activity to which the organization resorted before every winter, the statement said, ''this year's change is that it took place earlier and it is tried to be presented in a different way.''
The statement said withdrawal of PKK to Northern Iraq or any other region does not lessen the existing threat. The only condition of eradication of terrorism is that all the terrorists should lay down their arms and benefit from Anti-Terrorism law, it said.
The statement said Turkish Armed Forces will continue to struggle against terrorism with the same belief and determination for the tranquility and security of the nation.
 TURKEY-EU RELATIONS - VERHEUGEN, EU COMMISSION MEMBER: ''WE WANT TO GIVE CANDIDATE COUNTRY STATUS TO TURKEY DURING HELSINKI SUMMIT IN DECEMBER''BERLIN, Sept 16 (A.A) - Gunter Verheugen, European Union (EU) Commission member, who is responsible for enlargement of EU, said on Thursday that they want to give candidacy status to Turkey during the summit of heads of states and governments of EU member countries.
Speaking to ''Die Welt'' newspaper, Verheugen said giving Turkey candidacy status will not mean starting of concrete negotiations immediately.
Verheugen who implicitly claimed that Turkey violated human rights, said that EU's bargaining with a country where human rights are violated was out of question, and added that ''firstly, there should be a change in this field.''
Verheugen said, ''Turkey will be treated equally with the other 12 candidate countries. Yet, a more specific strategy is needed for the rapproachment of this country to the EU.''
 EMERGENCY AID CREDIT OF IMF - IMF DELEGATION TO INCREASE ITS 330 MILLION U.S. DOLLARS QUAKE AID CREDIT AND PROPOSE IT AS 490 MILLION U.S. DOLLARSANKARA, Sept 16 (A.A) - International Monetary Fund (IMF) delegation will increase amount of emergency aid credit it will give to Turkey and propose it to IMF administration committee as 490 million U.S. dollars.
It was reported that IMF delegation decided to increase the quota especially after visiting the quake region and noted that this new increase may be submitted to IMF Executive Board.
Meanwhile, it was also pointed out that this proposal for the new increase is one of the biggest proposals which the Organization proposed so far within the framework of emergency aid credit.
 FOREIGN EXCHANGE RESERVES OF CENTRAL BANK INCREASE TO 24.2 BILLION U.S. DOLLARSANKARA, Sept 16 (A.A) - The foreign exchange reserves of the Central Bank increased to 24 billion 269 million U.S. dollars, it was reported on Thursday.
The Central Bank data shows that the foreign exchange reserves, which climbed by 398 million U.S. dollars between September 3 and 10, increased to 24 billion 269 million U.S. dollars as of September 10.
The Central Bank's foreign exchange reserves were 23 billion 871 million U.S. dollars on September 3.
Meanwhile, according to the September 3-based statistics, Turkey's total international gross reserves decreased 292 million U.S. dollars to 35 billion 40 million U.S. dollars between August 20 and September 3.
The international gross reserves of Turkey were 35 billion 332 million U.S. dollars on August 20.
As of September 3, Turkey's international reserves were composed of 1 billion 12 million U.S. dollars in gold reserves; 23 billion 95 million U.S. dollars in the Central Bank's foreign exchange reserves; and 10 billion 934 million U.S. dollars in the commercial banks' foreign exchange reserves.
 7.5 BILLION U.S. DOLLARS PAID IN FOREIGN DEBT SINCE JANUARY 1, 1999ANKARA, Sept 16 (A.A) - Turkey has repaid a total of 7 billion 552.44 million U.S. dollars of foreign debt since the beginning of this year, it was reported on Thursday.
The Central Bank data shows that the Treasury paid 6 billion 333.46 million U.S. dollars; the Central Bank repaid 299.85 million U.S. dollars; the Ministry of National Defense and the Defense Industry paid 557.03 million U.S. dollars; the Defense Fund paid 17.33 million U.S. dollars and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) was repaid 344.77 million U.S. dollars in foreign debt between January 1 and September 15, 1999.
Meanwhile, a total of 610.55 million U.S. dollars of foreign debt was repaid between September 1 and 15.
The foreign debt payment was 432.01 million U.S. dollars in January; 765.75 million U.S. dollars in February; 770.55 million U.S. dollars in March; 836.41 million U.S. dollars in April, 680.99 million US dollars in May; 718.55 million U.S. dollars in June; 714.64 million U.S. dollars in July; and 1 billion 22.99 million U.S. dollars in August 1999.
 BALANCE OF PAYMENTSANKARA, Sept 16 (A.A) - The Central Bank announced on Thursday that Turkey's foreign trade deficit in the first half of 1999 shrinked 38 percent compared to same period last year.
The Central Bank released the developments in the balance of payments in the January-June 1999 period.
The 38 percent shrinkage occurred as the export revenues decreased 7.1 percent, shuttle trade reduced 59.5 percent and the Cost Insurance Freight (CIF) dropped 21.9 percent.
In the first six months of 1999, the net income from the unmet transfers fell 28.7 percent to 4.159 million U.S dollars while the deficit in balance of current transactions became 259 million U.S. dollars.
The deficit in the balance of current transactions had beer 1.296 million U.S. dollars in the same period in 1998.
 JOINT PRESS BRIEFING OF TURKISH AND ITALIAN FOREIGN MINISTERSANKARA, Sept 16 (A.A) - Foreign Minister Ismail Cem said on Thursday that Italian Foreign Minister Lamberto Dini and he, at their meeting, had reached a consensus on ''reviving the relations between Turkey and Italy'', and they decided to ''establish some committees to this end, and convene once a year.''
Ismail Cem and Lamberto Dini, who is currently paying an official visit to Turkey, staged a joint press conference following their 3.5-hour meeting at the Foreign Ministry building.
Expressing his gratitude over the support that had been extended to Turkey by Italy after the devastating earthquake, Cem said they had decided to further improve the relations between Turkey and Italy.
The Italian Foreign Minister said that they wanted to open a new page in the relations between Turkey and Italy, and he believed that the activities of the committees which would be established to this end, would be beneficial.
 PRIME MINISTER ECEVIT: ''THE TURKISH SIDE IS OPEN TO DIALOGUE. HOWEVER, FIRST OF ALL, THE EXISTENCE OF THE TRNC SHOULD BE ACCEPTED''ANKARA, Sept 16 (A.A) - Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit said on Thursday that the Turkish side was open to every kind of dialogue in case of the acceptance of the existence of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC).
''The cruel economic embargo imposed on the Turkish Cypriots should be lifted. If the positions are adopted according to these requirements, it will be beneficial for all Cypriots. Any change in Turkey's attitude is out of question,'' he said.
Speaking to reporters, the Prime Minister answered the questions about the TRNC, Greece, and Italy.
When asked what Turkey's clear attitude would be towards the Cyprus question prior to his visit to the U.S., Ecevit said, ''The Turkish government's attitude and policy for the TRNC and generally for Cyprus are clear. This is the government policy, and at the same time, it is a state and national policy. I mean that all of the political parties, whether thay are in the power or in the opposition, agree that the TRNC is an independent state, and she should remain so. The whole world has started to understand this.''
''Thus, it is now comprehended that any kind of pressure on Turkey concerning the issue can't bring any result. The Turkish Cypriots have been governing themselves since 1964. Because, all of the rights of the Turkish Cypriots have been violated since early 1964, and their human rights have been violated. They were obliged to govern themselves for a decade under very difficult conditions,'' he said.
''Such a nation which deserves sovereignty and independence is rare in the world. As a result of the structure which was formed following the Turkish Peace Operation in 1974, Cyprus gained lasting peace for all Cypriots. The path for prosperity was opened. Powerful democracies were established both in the two sides of the island. Thus, the order, which was formed following the Turkish Peace Operation, is beneficial for both the Turkish Cypriots and Greek Cypriots. Any result can't be achieved from a dialogue without the acceptance of this reality. The Turkish side is open to dialogue, but first of all, the existence of the TRNC has to be accepted. The cruel economic embargo imposed on the Turkish Cypriots has to be lifted. It will be beneficial for all Cypriots if positions are adopted according to these requirements. Any change in Turkey's position is out of question,'' the Premier stated.
When reminded of the news claiming, ''the view that TRNC President Rauf Denktas should go to New York upon the call of the U.N. Secretary General, prevailed at the meeting at the Presidential Palace last night'', Ecevit said, ''an invitation has not been received, and the sort of invitation is uncertain. As I said, any change in Turkey's policy is out of question.''
When asked whether the problems between Turkey and Greece would be solved as a result of the warming relations after the quakes, Ecevit said, ''the important thing is the start of a productive and friendly dialogue. It can be considered that this dialogue has been started. Thus, there is not any problem that can't be solved. Of course, in fact, the problems about the Aegean Sea can be solved with dialogue. However, the current stage of the dialogue has not reached the level of discussing these issues. If the dialogue which started before the earthquakes continues, I hope that other problems will be solved as soon as possible.''
''Actually, the dialogue which started between the Turkish and Greek foreign ministers can be called the start of a dialogue. If the existence of the TRNC is accepted, all the economic problems, environmental problems, water shortage problem, and other problems can be solved with a peaceful and friendly dialogue, but the reality that the TRNC is an independent state should be accepted,'' he stressed.
When asked whether a new page in the relations between Turkey and Italy was being opened, Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit said, ''the atmosphere of tension between the two countries was over. Recently, the Italian government has been adopting a warmer approach towards Turkey. This is pleasing. Because, we had friendly relations for long years. The relations have seemed to be overshadowed for some time, but now it is improved.''
 JOINT PRESS BRIEFING OF CEM AND DINIANKARA, Sept 16 (A.A) - Lamberto Dini, the Foreign Minister of Italy, said on Thursday that they had not created the problem which stemmed from the sheltering of the head of the terrorist organization in Italy, adding, ''now, this problem was left behind.''
Foreign Minister Ismail Cem and his Italian counterpart staged a joint press briefing following the meeting at the Foreign Ministry building.
When asked whether he still supported the policy that the Italian government had followed while the head of the terrorist organization stayed in Italy, Lamberto Dini said they had not created that problem.
Noting that neither Italy nor the Italian government had created the Ocalan problem, Dini said that the Ocalan problem was kind of a treanferred problem with which Italy had been obliged to concern within her judicial system.
Pointing out that they had interested in the problem in the way that was foreseen by the Italian judicial system, Dini said, ''you may not have the same opinion about the style of interest we had showed in the problem. These powerful feelings can be understood. However, that problem was left behind. We can understand the feelings of the Turkish people.''
Dini said that Ismail Cem and he discussed the issue of strengthening the relations between Turkey and Italy.
Expressing his pleasure over visiting Turkey, Dini said they discussed wide- ranging issues. Noting that they discussed bilateral and international issues including especially the European Union (EU), the European Security and defense Identity (ESDI) and Kosovo, Dini said that Turkey was an influential member of the NATO.
Stating that the development of the situation concerning Kosovo in the accurate direction was the target of both Turkey and Italy, Dini said, ''I want to say that our meetings were very productive. Opening a new page in our relations is our common will. We have the intention to open a new era especially in our political relations in addition to the field of economy.''
Stressing that the mechanisms mentioned by Ismail Cem would strengthen the relations between the two countries, Dini said they also discussed the process of Turkey's candidacy to the EU. Dini added that his opinions about the issue were parallel to the opinions of the Turkish authorities.
Emphasizing that the reforms that Turkey implemented in some fields would help her more powerful integration to the international community, Dini said Italy supported those reforms in economic and political fields.
Responding to a question about the situation of human rights in Turkey, the Italian Foreign Minister said both Italy and the international community had some expectations from Turkey about ''a change in the relations between the state and the public.''
''However, taking the necessary measures in this field depends on Turkey. Recently, there have been some initiatives that we totally support,'' he said.
When reminded of his opinion about the Cyprus question that ''the existence of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) should be recognized,'' Dini said there was not a change in his opinion.
Stressing that there were some realities on Cyprus and they could not be denied, Dini said the problem concerns especially Turkey and Greece.
Dini added that Italy was in favour of a solution based on that reality.
 JOINT PRESS BRIEFING OF CEM AND DINIANKARA, Sept 16 (A.A) - Ismail Cem, the Foreign Minister, said on Thursday that Turkey's Italian friends had tried to save the lives of Turkish people by risking their lives.
Expressing his gratitude over the support extended by Italy after the devastating earthquake on August 17, Cem said, ''our Italian friends came to Turkey to help us with all facilities they have. In addition to the financial aid, the important thing was their moral support. They tried to save our lives by risking their lives,'' Cem said.
Ismail Cem and Lamberto Dini, the Foreign Minister of Italy, staged a joint press briefing following their meeting at the Foreign Ministry building.
Noting that the meetings were productive, and all issues concerning Turkey and Italy had been discussed, Cem said there had been some troubles in the relations between Turkey and Italy in the past, but the process of overcoming those problems had been started.
''We mutually believe that we have to improve our relations and open new pages. We have reached a consensus to strengthen our relations,'' he said.
Noting that they had decided to establish some committees which would undertake the mission of reviving the relations between the two countries, Cem said several committees in the fields of politics, economy and culture, and the international issues concerning both Turkey and Italy like the Balkans and Mediterranean would be set up.
Pointing out that they had also decided to form a group that would strengthen the Europen Union's (EU) Mediterranean dimension, Cem said the group in question would include not only the Foreign Ministry staff, but also the representatives all concerned units.
Stating that several international issues like the Balkans, Middle Eastern Peace Process, Kosovo, and Mediterranean had been discussed at the meeting, Cem said they had also taken up the new energy sources, transportation of these sources to the West, and control of the borders.
Recalling that Italy had suffered from this issue in the past, Cem said they had decided to set up a continuous contact between the Turkish and Italian interior ministries.
Noting that the issues like combatting organized crimes and drug trafficking, the EU, the European Security and Defense Identity had also been discussed, Cem said, ''we have understood that Turkey and Italy have parallel opinions about these issues to a specific extent. We made use of our opinions and experiences, and we will continue to do so.''
 FM CEM: ''SOMETIMES TRAGEDIES MAKE PEOPLE UNDERSTAND EACH OTHER BETTER'' - ''TURKEY HEARD THE OCALAN CASE IN ACCORDANCE WITH HER OWN LAWS AND THE INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS SHE SIGNED''ANKARA, Sept 16 (A.A) - Ismail Cem, the Foreign Minister, said on Thursday that tragedies sometimes make people understand each other better, adding that the earthquake disaster in Turkey had created an emotional approach by the West towards Turkey.
Following his joint press briefing with Lamberto Dini, the Foreign Minister of Italy, Cem answered the questions of Italian journalists.
When asked whether the earthquake had provided a sympathy between Turkey and the European Union (EU), Cem said, ''not with the EU, but some tragedies make people understand each other better. This tragedy made the Western public opinion approached emotionally and more positively towards the issues that concern Turkey. As we witnessed, these countries and their peoples were more friendly then we thought.''
When asked whether there was a conection between the Turkey-EU relations and the Abdullah Ocalan case, Cem said, ''I don't think there is such a connection. Turkey carried out that case in accordance with her laws and the international agreements she signed. Thus I can't see any connection between these issues.''
 TURKISH-GREEK DIALOGUE - TURKISH AND GREEK DELEGATIONS RELEASE JOINT STATEMENTANKARA, Sept 16 (A.A) - The Turkish and Greek delegations, which convened in Ankara within the framework of the dialogue process between Turkey and Greece, announced on Thursday that their meetings took place in a ''friendly and businesslike atmosphere''.
Following the second-round second-stage talks in Ankara, the delegations released a joint statement.
The joint statement said that following their first round of talks in July, high level officials of the Foreign Ministries of Turkey and Greece had met for a second round in Athens and Ankara to discuss items related to tourism, environment, economic and commercial relations, culture, cooperation in the multilateral regional field and combatting organized crime, illegal immigration, drug trafficking and terrorism.
Noting that the meetings taken place in a ''friendly and businesslike atmosphere'', the statement said, ''the two delegations referred to the human suffering caused in Turkey and Greece by the recent earthquakes and noted the spontaneous reactions from all parts of respective socities. They also praised the friendly atmosphere created among the two countries after these events.''
''The two delegations elaborated the views and ideas expressed during their first round of talks. They decided to conclude framework agreements where necessary or make other arrangements to promote cooperation in these fields, '' it said.
''The two delegations are in agreement that the agenda of the next round of talks will include all these issues. Furthermore, they agreed on the methodology of the next round of talks which will take place in the second half of October 1999 with the respective delegations enlarged with participants from the compotent authorities,'' the statement added.
 IMF TO LEND NEARLY 500 MILLION U.S. DOLLARS EMERGENCY FUNDSANKARA, Sept 16 (A.A) - Selcuk Demiralp, the Undersecretary of the Tresury, said on Thursday that the International Monetary Fund (IMF) had decided to increase Turkey's emergency quota from 25 to 37.5 percent which equals to nearly 500 million U.S. dollars.
Staging a press conference with Carlo Cottarelli, the IMF's Turkey Desk Chief, Demiralp said, ''taking into account the high level of damage due to the earthquake, our emergency aid level was set at some 37.5 percent of our quota. This amounts to some 500 million U.S. dollars.''
Demiralp said foreign quake aid to Turkey, from various sources, amounted to more than 3 billion U.S. dollars which proved the trust in the Turkish economy.
''A letter of intent has to be sent to the IMF to obtain this loan. We reached a consensus on the draft letter. The letter will include the figures announced by the World Bank and the State Planning Organization about the quake damage. The letter will be discussed by the IMF Executive Board in October,'' he added.
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