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Turkish Press Review, 00-08-31

Turkish Press Review Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs <http://www.mfa.gov.tr>

31.08.00

Summary of the political and economic news in the Turkish press this morning


CONTENTS

  • [01] BANKING REGULATION AND SUPERVISION AGENCY BECOMES FULLY OPERATIONAL
  • [02] FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS
  • [03] TURKEY CELEBRATES VICTORY DAY
  • [04] SEZER TO MEET CLINTON
  • [05] DENKTAS' MESSAGE
  • [06] GEN. KIVRIKOGLU WARNS FOR KHK
  • [07] ERDAL TO STAND TRIAL IN BELGIUM
  • [08] SECURITY FORCES KILL 16 TERRORISTS
  • [09] GERMAN AUTHORITIES SUE PKK COORDINATOR
  • [10] ERBAKAN'S APPEAL TO EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS REJECTED
  • [11] CHIBBER ON TURKISH ECONOMY
  • [12] COTTARELLI IN TURKEY
  • [13] CIRCULAR FOR EU NATIONAL PROGRAM
  • [14] ISRAELI FIRMS UNDERTAKE THE PROJECTS IN GAP
  • [15] BANKING REGULATION AND SUPERVISION AGENCY BECOMES FULLY OPERATIONAL
  • [16] TURKSAT-2A SATELLITE TO BE LAUNCHED IN SEPTEMBER
  • [17] FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS
  • [18] AUTHORITY AND RESPONSIBILITY BY YILMAZ OZTUNA (TURKIYE)

  • [01] BANKING REGULATION AND SUPERVISION AGENCY BECOMES FULLY OPERATIONAL

    [02] FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS

    [03] TURKEY CELEBRATES VICTORY DAY

    The 78th anniversary of the Victory Day and Turkish Armed Forces Day were celebrated throughout the country, in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and at the Turkish missions abroad. During the celebrations, the founder of modern Turkey, Ataturk, his comrades and martyrs were commemorated. During the celebrations in Ankara, the first official ceremony was held yesterday with laying a wreath at Ataturk's Mausoleum. The Chief of General Staff Gen. Huseyin Kivrikoglu, Land Forces Commander Gen. Hilmi Ozkok, Naval Forces Commander Admiral Ilhami Erdil, Air Forces Commander Gen. Ergin Celasin, Gendarmerie Commander Gen. Aytac Yalman, General Secretary of the National Security Council Gen. Cumhur Asparuk and other high-ranking generals and officers participated in the ceremony at Anitkabir. Then, the Chief of General Staff and other commanders met with politicians in the General Staff Headquarters. Celebrations were also held in Ataturk Cultural Center (AKM). President Ahmet Necdet Sezer, Deputy Speaker of the TGNA Ali Iliksoy, Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit, Ministers, Force Commanders, representatives of political parties and foreign missions, and a great number of citizens were present in the ceremony held in AKM. /Turkiye/

    [04] SEZER TO MEET CLINTON

    In the framework of the United Nations (UN) Millenium Summit to be held on 6-8 September in New York, President Ahmet Necdet Sezer will meet the US President Bill Clinton. Time and place of the meeting is expected to be set in a few days. The meeting between Mr. Sezer and Mr. Clinton will be the highest-level contact between the US and Turkey after Mr. Sezer's election as President. /Aksam/

    [05] DENKTAS' MESSAGE

    During the "Ceremony of Love and Devotion for the Motherland and for the Turkish Armed Forces', which was organized by the Nationalist Justice Party (MAP), President of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) Rauf Denktas issued harsh messages to those against Turkey. Denktas said, "Because of Turkey's extensive efforts, we were able to establish this State. Turkey saved Turkish-Cypriots from being annihilated. During the hard times, we were encouraged by Turkey and we resisted enemies with this courage. We follow Ataturk's path towards independence and we will walk on this road hand in hand with Turkey."

    [06] GEN. KIVRIKOGLU WARNS FOR KHK

    During a reception held on the occasion of the Victory Day at Gazi Officers' Club, Chief of General Staff Gen. Huseyin Kivrikoglu replied to questions posed by journalists. Regarding the decree in the power of law (KHK), Gen. Kivrikoglu said: "It does not matter for us if it is being a decree or a law. A regulation is necessary for the civil servants who are involved in fundamentalist and seperatist activities. The government should be sincere and persistent on the issue. Now, it is the Turkish Grand National Assembly's turn to act on the matter." /All papers/

    [07] ERDAL TO STAND TRIAL IN BELGIUM

    The Spokesman of the Belgian Prime Ministry announced that Fehriye Erdal, one of defendants of the Ozdemir Sabanci murder, will be tried in Belgium. Erdal is to be charged with the crimes she committed in Belgium. She is accused of entering Belgium with a fake passport and illegal possession of explosives. Ankara is uneasy with Belgium's decision on not extraditing Erdal to Turkey. Deputy Prime Minister Mesut Yilmaz evaluated Belgium's decision as a negative development. Justice Minister Hikmet Sami Turk said, "Belgium could not find a third country to extradite Erdal. It seems like Erdal's extradiditon to Turkey is not possible for the time being. However, the important point here is that Belgium understood that Erdal was also harmful for Belgium's public order." /Cumhuriyet/

    [08] SECURITY FORCES KILL 16 TERRORISTS

    During the clashes between security forces and PKK terrorists in Hakkari and Tunceli, 16 terrorists were killed. Operations are still continuing in the region. /Turkiye/

    [09] GERMAN AUTHORITIES SUE PKK COORDINATOR

    The Federal Chief Public Prosecutor of Germany, Kay Nehm has initiated legal proceedings against the so-called PKK Coordinator in Germany, Sait H. on crimes of being a member of the terrorist organization at Dusseldorf Supreme State Court. According to the indictment, the accused has organized political activities, has extorted money from the people for the organization and also entered the country with a fake passport. Meanwhile, two members of the PKK who had occupied a Kenyan tourism office in Germany on February 16, 1999 to protest the arrest of Abdullah Ocalan were sentenced to prison. /Milliyet/

    [10] ERBAKAN'S APPEAL TO EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS REJECTED

    The appeal by the leader of the closed Welfare Party (RP) Necmettin Erbakan on staying the execution of the imprisonment decision against him was rejected by the European Court of Human Rights. /Milliyet/

    [11] CHIBBER ON TURKISH ECONOMY

    World Bank's Turkey Desk Director Ajay Chibber attended a conference on the "Entrenepreneur Spirit and Small and Medium-Scale Enterprises in the New Century", which was organized in the framework of the 69th Izmir International Fair. During the conference, Chibber evaluated the current situation of the economic programme implemented by the government and said, "This economic programme caused the interest rates to fall rapidly and this positive development revived the markets. Economy has improved and Turkey's growth rate has increased. This development has had positive impact on the increase in demands and this resulted in a boom in imports. This development upset the import-export balance and as a result foreign trade deficit increased. Excessive demand also made the fight against inflation harder. Right now, It is hard for Turkey to reach the inflation targets set by the Government but a clear decline will be seen certainly." /Aksam/

    [12] COTTARELLI IN TURKEY

    Head of International Monetary Fund's (IMF) Turkey Desk Carlo Cottarelli arrived in Turkey yesterday. Mr. Cottarelli will observe the latest developments in the Turkish economy within the scope of the stand-by agreement. Mr. Cottarelli said, "The Turkish economy is on the right path. However, Turkey has to pursue the stand-by program until the end." The IMF delegation will start its meetings today in Ankara. The delegation will meet State Minister Recep Onal and Treasury Undersecretary Selcuk Demiralp. The current accounts deficit, the increase in exports, the inflation rate and privatization issues will be discussed at the meetings. In addition, the IMF delegation will also determine whether a revision is necessary or not for Turkey's 3-year economic program. /Hurriyet/

    [13] CIRCULAR FOR EU NATIONAL PROGRAM

    Turkey has started preparations for the "National Program for the full European Union (EU) membership". Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit sent a circular explaining the initiatives that should be launched for adjusting the EU law to all public institutions and associations on August 29. Mr. Ecevit demanded the State Planning Organization (DPT) to help the EU General Secretary for all the preparations. Reminding that the EU Commission had prepared "a partnership association document" for all candidate countries, the Prime Minister said: "This document explains the conditions and the responsibilities asked from the candidate countries to adjust the Copenhagen criteria. Turkey will prepare a `National Program' in parallel to this document." /Hurriyet/

    [14] ISRAELI FIRMS UNDERTAKE THE PROJECTS IN GAP

    During the one-day visit of Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak,it was decided that six irrigation and agricultural projects within the Southeastern Anatolia Project (GAP) would be carried out by the Israeli firms. The total cost of these projects is $1 million and they will be constructed under the control of State Water Works (DSI). The projects will be undertaken by the Israeli firms via direct negotiations and the agreements concluded with the firms will be ratified by the Parliament. Meanwhile, the request of the Turkish government on including Turkish firms as partners on these projects was accepted by Mr. Barak. /Milliyet/

    [15] BANKING REGULATION AND SUPERVISION AGENCY BECOMES FULLY OPERATIONAL

    Banking Regulation and Supervision Agency (BDDK) under the chairmanship of former Finance Minister Zekeriya Temizel is becoming fully operational today. A protocol will be signed to transfer the powers of the Central Bank and the Treasury on banking issues to the Board. The Board will take over administration of the Deposit Insurance Fund (TMSF), monitor the deposit accounts in the banks and take the necessary measures for the safe use of deposit accounts by the banks. /Milliyet/

    [16] TURKSAT-2A SATELLITE TO BE LAUNCHED IN SEPTEMBER

    Turkey's third satellite, Turksat 2-A's mechanical and electronic tests were completed. Turksat 2-A's assembly works are still continuing and the satellite will be launched from the French Guyana, South America at the end of next month. General Director of Turk Telecom Ibrahim Hakki Alpturk stated that after Turksat 2-A is launched, it will take its place next to Turksat 1-C satellite and thus, Turksat 2-A will cover an area extending from the west of Europe to the Great Wall of China. /Aksam/

    [17] FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS

    [18] AUTHORITY AND RESPONSIBILITY BY YILMAZ OZTUNA (TURKIYE)

    Columnist Yilmaz Oztuna writes on the dispute over authority. A summary of his column is as follows:

    "It was clear from the start that the dispute over authority would result in a crisis. During the democratic period, Turkey has seen two men of vision such as Demirel and Ozal. Both of them requested a Presidential system, if not a semi-presidential system as they aimed to take greater initiatives.

    However, in European democracies, the Head of State is titular even if he is elected by the parliament or is a constitutional monarch. He is the symbol of territorial integrity and harmony within the state. He does not interfere with the administration and his being a head of it is only a formality. The responsibility lies with the Prime Minister. A Prime Minister elected by the people and received vote of confidence from the parliament rules the country. The Prime Minister is responsible for administration. In democracies it is not possible to rule without responsibility. The model presented by the fifth Republic in France and the current system in Russia are exceptions. These systems cannot be proposed for Turkey as they would create obstacles on the way of administration. It is not possible to have a two-headed execution. In fact, a person not elected by public vote cannot interfere in the executive affairs in the name of national will.

    However, it is not proper to attempt restricting the authorities of the President following a dispute between Cankaya and the Government. It is an office which should be respected by all. An amendment to the Constitution is necessary to be able to do this. However, we should first review the status of the President, emphasize the incomparable responsibility of the Prime Minister."


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