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Turkish Press Review, 01-02-19

Turkish Press Review Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs <http://www.mfa.gov.tr>

<LINK href="http:/_www.byegm.gov.tr_yayinlarimiz_chr_pics_css_tpr.css" rel=STYLESHEET type=text/css> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tr> <td width="20%"><_td> <td width="60%"><map name="FPMap1"> </map></td> <td width="20%"></td> </tr> <_table> &nbsp; <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tr> <td width="20%" valign="top"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tr> <td width="100%"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="10" width="100%"> <tr> <td width="100%" style="border: 1 solid #808080" bgcolor="#FFFFFF">&nbsp;Press &amp; Information</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="100%" style="border: 1 solid #808080">&nbsp;Turkish Press</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="100%" style="border: 1 solid #808080">&nbsp;Foreign Press in&nbsp; Turkey</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="100%" style="border: 1 solid #808080">&nbsp;</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="100%" style="border: 1 solid #808080" bgcolor="#F0F0F0">&nbsp;Turkish Press Review &gt;&gt;</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="100%" style="border: 1 solid #808080">&nbsp;</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="100%" style="border: 1 solid #808080">&nbsp;Press Guide</td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table> <_td> <td width="80%" valign="top" style="border: 0 solid #808080" bgcolor="#FFFFFF"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="10" width="100%"> <tr> <td width="100%" style="border: 1 solid #808080"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="5" width="100%"> <tr> <td width="100%"> Summary of the political and economic news in the Turkish press this morning&nbsp;</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="100%">19.02.2001</td> </tr> </table> </td> <_tr> <tr> <td width="100%"> &nbsp;CONTENTS <ul> AMBASSADOR ABDULLAH: &quot;DO NOT LET THE US USE THE INCIRLIK AIR BASE&quot;

CONTENTS

  • [01] STATE MINISTER TOSKAY RETURNS FROM VISIT TO SOUTH AFRICA
  • [02] DUTCH AMBASSADOR ENCOURAGES AGRICULTURAL COOPERATION
  • [03] TURKISH ARMED FORCES GIVE MILITARY TRAINING TO FOREIGN PERSONNEL
  • [04] BDDK DECISION OVER FOUR BANKS PUBLISHED IN OFFICIAL GAZETTE
  • [05] FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS
  • [06] PKK...MARX...RELIGION...LENIN BY MUSTAFA BALBAY (CUMHURIYET)
  • [07] G-20 CONVENES IN ISTANBUL
  • [08] FISCHER AND DEPPLER IN TURKEY
  • [09] TURKEY HOPES NO REPEAT OF AIR STRIKES ON IRAQ
  • [10] GUREL IN IRAN
  • [11] CEM IN LISBON
  • [12] BBAHCELI'S VISITS CONTINUE
  • [13] STATE MINISTER TOSKAY RETURNS FROM VISIT TO SOUTH AFRICA
  • [14] ACCIDENT IN THE BOSPHORUS
  • [15] BELGIUM CLARIFIES ITS POSITION ON TURKEY
  • [16] GEORGIAN BUREAUCRAT CRITICIZES ARMENIAN ISSUE
  • [17] ATHENS PRONOUNCES ITSELF FALSE
  • [18] TURKEY CELEBRATES CIVIL CODE'S 75TH ANNIVERSARY
  • [19] DUTCH AMBASSADOR ENCOURAGES AGRICULTURAL COOPERATION
  • [20] NATURAL GAS PROJECT TO BE SIGNED WITH GEORGIA
  • [21] TURKISH ARMED FORCES GIVE MILITARY TRAINING TO FOREIGN PERSONNEL
  • [22] BLACK SEA BANK FINANCES POWER PLANT
  • [23] CRITICAL WEEK FOR THE VIRTUE PARTY
  • [24] TOBB CONSTRUCTS 30 SCHOOLS IN 2 YEARS
  • [25] DUTCH GESTURE TO TURKISH TOURISM
  • [26] ANKARA CHAMBER OF COMMERCE'S REPLY
  • [27] ITO TO DISCUSS ARMENIAN ISSUE
  • [28] ENVIRONMENTAL EFFORTS TO SAVE THE BLACK SEA
  • [29] KOBI INVESTMENTS
  • [30] CHANGE IN THE INVESTMENT INCENTIVES
  • [31] ERDEMIR STEEL AND IRON TRADE COMPANY'S SUCCESS
  • [32] TREASURY TO LAUNCH BIDDINGS
  • [33] TAIWAN TRADE FAIR IN ISTANBUL
  • [34] TURKISH EXPORT PRODUCTS FAIR IN BAGHDAD
  • [35] BDDK DECISION OVER FOUR BANKS PUBLISHED IN OFFICIAL GAZETTE
  • [36] FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS
  • [37] PKK...MARX...RELIGION...LENIN BY MUSTAFA BALBAY (CUMHURIYET)

  • [01] STATE MINISTER TOSKAY RETURNS FROM VISIT TO SOUTH AFRICA

    &quot;ALLEGATIONS OF THE SO-CALLED ARMENIAN GENOCIDE AND THE FACTS&quot; CONFERENCE IN BRITAIN

    [02] DUTCH AMBASSADOR ENCOURAGES AGRICULTURAL COOPERATION

    [03] TURKISH ARMED FORCES GIVE MILITARY TRAINING TO FOREIGN PERSONNEL

    [04] BDDK DECISION OVER FOUR BANKS PUBLISHED IN OFFICIAL GAZETTE

    COLLIERS AUTHORITIES : &quot;TURKEY IS ATTRACTIVE FOR INVESTORS&quot; &nbsp;

    [05] FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS

    [06] PKK...MARX...RELIGION...LENIN BY MUSTAFA BALBAY (CUMHURIYET)

    [07] G-20 CONVENES IN ISTANBUL

    The finance deputy ministers and Central Bank assistant directors of the G-20 member countries convene in Istanbul today. Turkey will be represented by Treasury Undersecretary, Selcuk Demiralp, and Central Bank Deputy Governor, Sukru Binay. During the meeting, issues stemming from globalization and role of private sector in financial crises will be discussed. Additionally, necessary preparations will be made for the Presidential meeting which is expected to be held in Canada. /Star/

    [08] FISCHER AND DEPPLER IN TURKEY

    International Monetary Fund (IMF) First Vice President, Stanley Fischer, and the IMF official in charge of European Affairs, Michael Deppler, arrived in Istanbul yesterday to attend G-20 Preparation meeting. Fischer and Deppler are also expected to proceed to Ankara today and meet with government officials, including Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit and Deputy Premier Husamettin Ozkan. /Turkiye/

    [09] TURKEY HOPES NO REPEAT OF AIR STRIKES ON IRAQ

    Turkey, which has recently forged closer ties with neighboring Iraq, said on Saturday it hoped US-led aerial attack on Baghdad would not be repeated. US and British aircraft attacked targets near Baghdad on Friday and President George W. Bush said Washington would take &quot;appropriate action&quot; if Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein produced so-called weapons of mass destruction. &quot;We hope such incidents do not happen again.&quot;, Turkish Foreign Minister Ismail Cem said. Iraq said on Saturday that two civilians were killed and more than 20 others were wounded in the attacks. &quot;Last night's incident is a serious one. I regret the civilian losses there.&quot;, said Cem. Turkey, a member of NATO, is seeking to improve economic ties with Iraq and last month upgraded its diplomatic ties with Baghdad to ambassadorial level, a move that drew criticism from Washington. Cem said US and British planes based at Southern Turkey's Incirlik air base were not used during Friday's attack. The planes regularly patrol a no-fly zone north of the 36th parallel to protect breakaway northern Iraq from attacks by Baghdad. /Turkish Daily News/ AMBASSADOR ABDULLAH: &quot;DO NOT LET THE US USE THE INCIRLIK AIR BASE&quot; The Turco-Iraqi Friendship Association held its third annual convention in Ankara yesterday. In a statement, emphasizing Iraqian people have already encountered many difficulties due to the UN embargo, Iraqi Ambassador to Turkey, Faruk Abdullah, asked Turkey not to allow the US use Incirlik Air Base for possible air attacks on Iraq. The Chairman of the Association, Mehmet Emin Deger, said, &quot;The long lasting sanctions imposed on our neighbour Iraq causes great troubles for the Iraqi people and this issue annoys Turkey as well as other countries. The last attack put world and regional peace in jeopardy.&quot; /Turkiye/

    [10] GUREL IN IRAN

    State Minister Sukru Sina Gurel traveled to Iran to participate in the meeting for &quot;Cooperation Against Racism&quot; organized by the UN. Gurel said, there must be some criteria established in the fight against racism, xenophobia and intolerance. /Sabah/

    [11] CEM IN LISBON

    Minister of Foreign Affairs Ismail Cem traveled to Portugal. Cem is expected to go to Italy after completing his meetings in Portugal. According to diplomatic sources in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Cem and the US Secretary of State Colin Powell will meet at the NATO meeting in Brussels, February 27. /Cumhuriyet/

    [12] BBAHCELI'S VISITS CONTINUE

    Minister of State and Deputy Prime Minister Devlet Bahceli attended the National Assembly Session in Turkmenistan. Before the session, Bahceli laid a wreath at the Freedom Monument with the Turkmenistan President Saparmurat Turkmenbasi. Bahceli stated at the Ruhiyat Villa where the National Assembly session took place that close relations between Turkey and Turkmenistan dated back centuries. /Cumhuriyet/

    [13] STATE MINISTER TOSKAY RETURNS FROM VISIT TO SOUTH AFRICA

    State Minister Tunca Toskay and a delegation of Turkish businessmen returned from their visit to the Republic of South Africa yesterday. Speaking at Ataturk Airport, Toskay said they regarded South Africa a strategic market. &quot;South African businessmen had earlier visited Turkey. We had fruitful meetings. Our businessmen are very pleased with the visit. We met with two ministers and Cape Town State officials. I believe this will add impetus to economic relations between the two countries.&quot; said Toskay. /Turkish Daily News/

    [14] ACCIDENT IN THE BOSPHORUS

    A Malaysian flagged cargo ship &quot;Bunga Melor Satu&quot;, and the &quot;Robel&quot;, a cargo ship registered in the West African Archipelago of Sao Tome crashed in the Bosphorus early yesterday morning. The Malaysian flagged ship remained undamaged however the Robel was seriously damaged in the accident and sank after the crash. The crew of Robel were saved by the crew of the Bunga Melor Satu. While the Bunga Melor Satu was carrying 30,000 tons of sugar, the Robel was reported to carry 3,100 tons of iron. Officials stated the investigation over the collision was continuing. /Cumhuriyet/ &quot;ALLEGATIONS OF THE SO-CALLED ARMENIAN GENOCIDE AND THE FACTS&quot; CONFERENCE IN BRITAIN Speaking at a conference entitled &quot;Allegations of the So-called Armenian Genocide and the Facts&quot; at the Kemalist Thought Association in Britain, Prof. Turkkaya Ataov said Turkey had to find a way to annul the possible approvals of the so-called Armenian genocide bills at the parliaments of various countries. Ataov stated there would be no way left for the Armenians if Turkey achieved this. /Cumhuriyet/

    [15] BELGIUM CLARIFIES ITS POSITION ON TURKEY

    Belgian Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt has stated that all European Union (EU) candidate countries including Turkey would join the Laeken Summit, which will be held at the end of the Belgian presidency. In a bid to clarify his rather confusing remarks on Turkey's status, he stated there was a minor difference of status between Turkey and other candidate countries. Verhofstadt had previously stated that the presidents or prime ministers of the 12 candidate countries would be invited to the Laeken Summit to approve the final document along with the 15 member countries. Asked if Turkey, too, would be invited to approve the final document of the summit, Verhofstadt said he had to consult with the 15 member countries before commenting. /Turkish Daily News/

    [16] GEORGIAN BUREAUCRAT CRITICIZES ARMENIAN ISSUE

    Georgian Foreign Ministry Public Relations Office Chairman Avtandil Napetvaridze criticized the approval of the so-called Armenian genocide bill by the French National Assembly and said, &quot;The approval of the so-called Armenian genocide only gives rise to hostility and enmity among the states and the public.&quot; Speaking at a press conference, Napetvaridze said the issue will never be brought onto the agenda of the Georgian Parliament, and added that the genocide claim was a matter the historians should have solved. /Turkish Daily News/

    [17] ATHENS PRONOUNCES ITSELF FALSE

    The official Greek history institution &quot;Asia Minor Researches&quot; announced that the incidents during the war years in Anatolia could not be considered as genocide. After having been approved in the Greek Parliament and then presented for the President's approval, the bill on the so-called Greek genocide in Anatolia has been declared false. The Asia Minor Researches Institution stated that the incidents experienced during that period took place due to the war. The Asia Minor Researches is a state institution affiliated with the Greek Ministry of Culture, which is expert on the history of Anatolian Greeks. The Greek press is continuing to criticize Greek Parliament's approval. The Daily Avgi demanded the Parliament change its decision over the issue. /Milliyet/

    [18] TURKEY CELEBRATES CIVIL CODE'S 75TH ANNIVERSARY

    Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit has issued a message on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of the Turkish Civil Code (TMK) in which he said the amendments being made will represent a new step on the road to becoming a modern civilization. &quot;The Civil Code shows just how a society regards its people. Thanks to the TMK, which brought a contemporary structure to the Turkish Republic, the road was open for all Turkish citizens to have equal rights and responsibilities and to participate in communal life. The TMK is an important stage in establishing a single law for all in our country and equality for all our citizens.&quot; Parliament Speaker Omer Izgi echoed these words and said the TMK brought assurances to freedom of religion and conscience and was thus one of the keystones of the secular republic. /Turkish Daily News/

    [19] DUTCH AMBASSADOR ENCOURAGES AGRICULTURAL COOPERATION

    The Netherlands Ambassador Sjoerd I.H. Gosses said agricultural cooperation between the Netherlands and Turkey was only at a developing stage. Speaking at a meeting yesterday organized by Gaziantep Chamber of Commerce (GTO) and Southeast Turkey Project Entrepreneur Support Center (GIDEM), Gosses said the agricultural fabric of the two countries were of a complementary nature for one other and added, &quot;You need to refine your agricultural sector. There is too much value added tax regarding technology and biotechnology. The Netherlands and Turkey could help each other. This means joint production projects rather than trading activities.&quot; /Turkish Daily News/

    [20] NATURAL GAS PROJECT TO BE SIGNED WITH GEORGIA

    Georgian State Natural Gas Firm Director Aleksander Gotsiridze held a press conference and stated that the protocols regarding the Sahdeniz natural gas project between Turkey and Georgia were to be prepared in Baku and Tblisi in March. The protocol regarding the export of Azeri natural gas drilled from the Sahdeniz bed will be initialed in Baku at a meeting attended by BP-Amoco. Stating that Georgian interests would be taken into serious consideration within the scope of the protocol, Gotsiridze said the elimination of the natural gas shortage in Georgia was dependent on bilateral talks. /Turkish Daily News/

    [21] TURKISH ARMED FORCES GIVE MILITARY TRAINING TO FOREIGN PERSONNEL

    Turkish Armed Forces (TSK) gives special importance to developing cooperation among countries, especially in an era of instability. In order to contribute to regional and world stability, TSK has signed Military Training Cooperation Agreements with 38 countries. Agreements will also be signed with 14 another countries in the near future. Within the framework of these agreements, 4,750 foreign military personnel were given training in Turkey. Currently 1,313 foreign military students are being educated in Turkish military training institutions. /Sabah/

    [22] BLACK SEA BANK FINANCES POWER PLANT

    Black Sea Bank, Yapi Kredi Bank and the Islamic Development Bank will finance 70 % of construction of Arit (Bartin) and Yukaricay (Mugla) hydro electrical power plants, which will start operating in 2002. Brova-TML Energy company will construct the plants. The company will operate the power plants for 20 years, then transfer ownership to the state. The plants will generate annually 62 million kWh of electricity. /Sabah/

    [23] CRITICAL WEEK FOR THE VIRTUE PARTY

    The 15 day period granted to the Virtue Party (FP)to prepare a defense against an additional formal indictment brought by the Chief Public Prosecutor of the High Court of Appeals will be complete at the end of this week. The jurist aides of the FP, Seref Malkoc and Mustafa Kamalak are working hard to prepare an article of defense. Before the FP defends itself, the Supreme Court will demand the opinion of Chief Public Prosecutor Kanadoglu. The FP will then deliver its final defense and after all of these operations the court will continue the ordinary procedure of the FP trial. /Aksam/

    [24] TOBB CONSTRUCTS 30 SCHOOLS IN 2 YEARS

    The Chairman of the Turkish Union of Chambers and Stock Exchanges (TOBB), Fuat Miras, attended the foundation laying ceremony of the Antakya Commerce Stock Exchanges Primary School after participating in the TOBB's Regional Meeting of Mediterranean and the Joint Meeting of Councils. He said, &quot;TOBB has constructed more than 30 schools in the last two years in the primary development areas&quot;. Miras also promised to contribute 50% of the construction cost of the girl's dormitory to be built in Antakya. /Aksam/

    [25] DUTCH GESTURE TO TURKISH TOURISM

    Sun Express, a Turkish Airlines and Lufthansa joint venture, has started charter flights from the Netherlands to Turkey. The first flight was to Antalya and was enjoyed by 50 people, comprised of air crew, various tourism bureau officials, and journalists. Sun Express officials stated that they were also going to fly to Bodrum after June. Omer Dasguney, the owner of Time Travel Agency said they were planning to bring 13,000 tourists to Turkey with Sun Express. /Turkish Daily News/

    [26] ANKARA CHAMBER OF COMMERCE'S REPLY

    Ankara Chamber of Commerce gave a good answer to the so-called Armenian genocide, which was brought to the agenda by the Armenian lobbies and which was accepted by the French National Assembly. The Chamber has published a book titled &quot;Baseless Armenian Claims and the Armenian Cruelty Against Turks.&quot; The book, which proves the Armenian cruelty with photographs and articles, was sent to 4,000 people and institutions, including Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit and 550 deputies. The second edition of the book will be in English. 4,000 English language books, which will be published and sent to the Parliaments of the European countries and to the AUS. /Star/

    [27] ITO TO DISCUSS ARMENIAN ISSUE

    The Istanbul Chamber of Commerce (ITO) Assembly will hold an extraordinary meeting on 27 February to discuss in-depth the Armenian issue, which has caused tension in the relations between Turkey and France. Former Foreign Ministers, Ambassadors, the other Chairmen of Chambers in Istanbul, lecturers from some universities, and the Armenian Patriarch were invited to the meeting. /Star/

    [28] ENVIRONMENTAL EFFORTS TO SAVE THE BLACK SEA

    Minister of Environment, Fevzi Aytekin, signed the 'A Regional Cooperation Regulation for the Management of Hazardous Waste Materials in the Black Sea' with the Mayors and Governors of Provinces. The Black Sea Environment Union (KARCEV) was established in order to save Black Sea that has been polluted by the countries and cities surrounding the sea. KARCEV became official during the signing ceremony organized in Trabzon and chaired by Aytekin. According to the above-mentioned regulation, the hazardous waste materials will be eradicated at their source. The facilities will be established by ensuring regional cooperation and the projects will be produced to prevent the rubbish to be thrown into the sea. /Hurriyet/

    [29] KOBI INVESTMENTS

    The procedures and principles concerning the state aids in the Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (KOBI) investments were determined. The notice included activities concerning the manufacturing, agriculture industry, tourism, education, health, mining and software development investments. According to the notice, loans will be used as investments for the purchase of machines and equipment and as the management loan for the raw materials and materials of management. The expected amount of investment loans will not exceed 200 billion TL. /Star/

    [30] CHANGE IN THE INVESTMENT INCENTIVES

    It is necessary to make an investment amounting to at least 200 billion TL in the priority development areas, 400 billion TL in the normal areas and 600 billion TL or more in order to make use of the investment incentives. The announcement, which was prepared by the involved State Ministry in order to enlighten the Decision about the State Aids in Investments and Investment Incentives Fund, was promulgated in the Official Gazette. The minimum investment amounts and the types of investments are mentioned in the announcement. The announcement also includes the methods to be followed while trying to get an investment certificate. /Hurriyet/

    [31] ERDEMIR STEEL AND IRON TRADE COMPANY'S SUCCESS

    General Director of Erdemir Iron and Steel Factories Trade Companies, Sener Macun, said 2000 was the year of records for Erdemir. He adds the company is aiming at being among the top ten companies in Europe in five years. Macun stated, &quot;The total of raw steel production in the world is nearly 850 million tons and all the program targets and in terms of production and sales exceeded our goals. It has been also a beneficial year financially. Not only our management activities, but also our investment activities have continued without interruption. In other words, positive results have been shown in all financial indicators. /Aksam/

    [32] TREASURY TO LAUNCH BIDDINGS

    A critical week for the markets begins. Yesterday, the Treasury announced plans to hold two separate borrowing biddings with 12 and 7 month maturity dates. Additionally, on Feb. 21st, a 3.9 quadrillion TL repayment will be realized. /Star/

    [33] TAIWAN TRADE FAIR IN ISTANBUL

    The Taiwan Trade Fair will be opened in The Marmara Hotel on 22 February, 2001 in Istanbul. 62 Taiwanese companies, will be repesented. Electronics, bicycle and automobile components, medical materials, telecommunications, textile and accessories, home and decoration materials, souvenirs, stationery, cosmetics and agricultural vehicles, will be exhibited. The fair is organized by the Taiwan Trade Center's Office in Istanbul. /Aksam/

    [34] TURKISH EXPORT PRODUCTS FAIR IN BAGHDAD

    Despite reactions from the US, Turkey is preparing to open the 3rd Turkish Export Products Fair in Baghdad between May 7-11. After the Turkish-Iraqi Business Council's establishment, a commerce delegation chaired by the Minister of State Tunca Toskay will visit Baghdad between March 12-16. Turkey, who suffered $ 40 billion loss due to the US embargo on Iraq, is determined to improve her bilateral relations with Iraq despite the American President Bush's new message given by bombing Iraq. Turkey has already began to yield positive results of her rapprochement policy over Iraq. After the bilateral visits in 2000 and Joint Economic Commission Meeting, the exportation to Iraq has increased by 55 % and reached $ 371 million. It was stated that 60 Turkish firms have already applied to participate in the fair to be organized in Baghdad. The number of participators is expected to reach 200. /Cumhuriyet/

    [35] BDDK DECISION OVER FOUR BANKS PUBLISHED IN OFFICIAL GAZETTE

    Egebank, Yurtbank, Yasarbank and Bank Kapital merged under the roof of Sumerbank. The Banking Regulation and Supervision Board (BDDK) stopped the activities of the four bank and decided to merge them under the same roof. The BDDK decision was published in the Official Gazette. /Cumhuriyet/ COLLIERS AUTHORITIES : &quot;TURKEY IS ATTRACTIVE FOR INVESTORS&quot; Representatives from the Resco Colliers, an international real estate chain, said Turkey was an attractive country for the long-term investor. Russian representative of Colliers, Preston Haskell said the real estates market should be institutionalized in Turkey. Haskell said, &quot;Istanbul is more attractive than Moscow for investors with its historical situation, banking system and high advantages.&quot; /Cumhuriyet/

    [36] FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS...FROM THE COLUMNS

    &nbsp;

    [37] PKK...MARX...RELIGION...LENIN BY MUSTAFA BALBAY (CUMHURIYET)

    Columnist Mustafa Balbay writes on the developments occurring in the 1990s. A summary of his column is as follows: &quot;Even though the second anniversary of terrorist Abdrullmah Ocalan's capture and return to Turkey on 15 February 1999 was not emphasized, it gave important clues as to the situation reached at present. In the 90s, Turkey was requested to sit at the same table with the leader of the terrorist organisation, instead she brought Ocalan to trial. However, if we analyze the issue only by the views of the 1990s, it will be incomplete. Today we are in the 2000's, and new policies are being formed according to new circumstances. Let's discuss the issue regarding persons, organizations, and geographies. During the trial process of Ocalan, his supporters remembered Mandela and thought they would improve their own leaders` image step by step. However, his image in Imrali is shrinking day by day. This outlook is reflected in the press organs of the PKK terror organisation. Can the PKK introduce a new leader taking this fact into consideration? There are searches in this vein. The PKK seems to have changed the content of its European studies as a whole. There is no 'war of independence', 'armed conflict', 'resistance to attack by the Turkish Republic forces'. Instead they are trying to work to persuade everyone that there is a completely different nation in Anatolia, and preparing to build its infrastructure. Some of the headlines in the news by European sources show that the infrastructure for the request of cultural rights are being prepared. 'Federations of Kurdish Associations in Germany 'YEKKOM' has began studies to have Kurds accepted as a separate minority. If these studies take root, they will ask for Kurdish education in schools, Kurdish radio and television and the like. Again in Germany, there is the preparation for another formation under the name of Kurdish Parents Union. As the PKK sees the importance of education, it wants to branch out in this direction. The PKK has requested Kurdish language education within the framework of 'the Living Ethnic Languages Law' enacted at The Hague. In Sweden courses for Teaching Kurdish in Turkey are being given every four months. Last month the PKK met in Lausanne and accepted a decision on improving Kurdish language and culture. When we take a look at the transformation the terrorist organisation went through from the 1980s to 2000s, interesting milestones attract our attention. At the beginning, the PKK emphasized that it was a Marxist-Leninist organisation. In time it was involved in trade. and the marks referred to has changed. It gained money in terms of Marks. The situation is different concerning Lenin. The PKK saw that the religion factor was important in the Southeast and the regimes stemming from Leninism were falling down one by one. Therefore, it began to use religion instead of Lenin. When it was understood that this method was also not enough to reach a victory soon, those who had aims on Turkey had to think of different schemes. What else was there to put forward instead of the Kurdish issue but the Armenian allegations? During the 1990s, those who did not have any respect for Turkey's territorial integrity used to color Southeastern Anatolia differently and wrote Kurdistan on it in maps. Today the same regions are referred to as Armenia. Even this change is enough to show what kind of games are played on the peoples of the land stretching from Caucasia to Mesopotamia. It was an interesting coincidence that France was hosting Armenian President Kocharyan on the anniversary of Ocalan's return to Turkey. In Northern Iraq, the terrorist organisation wants to draw Barzani and Talabani under its influence and form a region where only it can control. It wants to continue armed education over there while asking for full democracy in Southeastern Anatolia. We would like full democracy to be enforced not only in Southeastern Anatolia but in the whole of the country. However, if democracy becomes a tool instead of a goal it won't help anyone. Those who support the PKK and take it as their guide are not able to answer this question clearly: 'Shall we lean on the foreign powers abroad or Anatolia?'&quot; <_ul>

    &nbsp; <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tr> <td width="100%">

    <dl> <dt>FORMER ISSUES</dt> </dl> </td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> <_table>


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