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Turkish Press Review, 02-04-11

Turkish Press Review Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: Turkish Directorate General of Press and Information <http://www.byegm.gov.tr>

<LINK href="http://www.byegm.gov.tr_yayinlarimiz_chr_pics_css/tpr.css" rel=STYLESHEET type=text/css> <map name="FPMap1"> <_map> Press &amp; Information Turkish Press Foreign Press Guide Summary of the political and economic news in the Turkish press this morning

11.04.2002


CONTENTS

  • [01] SEZER VISITS ELAZIG
  • [02] CEM: “TURKEY IS READY TO HOST A MEETING WITH ARMENIA”
  • [03] CHIEF OF GENERAL STAFF KIVRIKOGLU HONORED IN HUNGARY
  • [04] IMF’S BREKK: “$1.1 BILLION WILL BE RELEASED TO TURKEY”
  • [05] YUGOSLAVIAN FOREIGN MINISTER VISITS TURKEY FOR RENEWED TIES
  • [06] IRAN: “WE ARE CLOSELY FOLLOWING THE ISSUE OF CEMIL BAYIK”
  • [07] RELIGIOUS LEADERS TO CALL FOR PEACE IN MIDEAST
  • [08] DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF SECURITY CELEBRATES 157TH ANNIVERSARY
  • [09] MEETINGS TO DISCUSS DIFFICULTIES OF EXPORTERS
  • [10] BAYTAS HONORED WITH HONORARY DOCTORATE
  • [11] FROM THE COLUMNS… FROM THE COLUMNS… FROM THE COLUMNS…
  • [12] TURKISH-GREEK INITIATIVE BY FIKRET BILA (MILLIYET)
  • [13] DIFFICULTIES IN FIGHTING TERRORISM BY MUSTAFA BALBAY (CUMHURIYET)

  • [01] SEZER VISITS ELAZIG

    After completing his visit to Malatya, President Ahmet Necdet Sezer travelled to Elazig yesterday morning. Sezer first met with Osman Aydin, the governor of the province, and Lt. Gen. Engin Alan, the commander of the eighth army corps stationed there. Proceeding to Firat University and visiting its rector, Professor Fevzi Bingol, the president then spoke to its students. In his speech, Sezer said that universities were universal establishments where science and wisdom reigned and knowledge was explored in the service of humanity. “Turkey’s success on the path to modernization depends on our universities and the accomplishments of their students,” the president said. “Towards this end the quality of our education should be raised, and the best educational possibilities should be pursued.” Later Sezer went on an inspection tour of Elazig’s organized industrial region. Meanwhile, Semra Sezer, the president’s wife, attended a meeting at the Elazig Teacher’s House and gave certificates to participants in literacy courses given as part of the “Support for National Education” campaign. /All Papers/

    [02] CEM: “TURKEY IS READY TO HOST A MEETING WITH ARMENIA”

    In the leadup to April 24, the day Armenian lobbies commemorate a so-called genocide, Ankara has reiterated its call for the establishment of more dialogue between Turkey and Armenia. Speaking to reporters yesterday, Foreign Minister Ismail Cem stated that Turkey was ready to host a meeting in which the disputes over the Caucasus region would be discussed among Turkey, Armenia and Azerbaijan. Furthermore, Turkey has also recently launched new initiatives to boost its cooperation with Russia in order to help efforts for establishing permanent peace and stability in the Caucasus. A decision was made at a recent Eurasian Joint Cooperation Group meeting in Moscow to establish a special subcommission to deal with issues concerning the southern Caucasus. The most important issue the subcommission is expected to address is Turkey’s relations with Armenia and developing solutions to the region’s problems. Ankara has demanded that Yerevan withdraw from Azerbaijani territories and cease pursuing policies against Turkey in the international arena. /Cumhuriyet/

    [03] CHIEF OF GENERAL STAFF KIVRIKOGLU HONORED IN HUNGARY

    Chief of General Staff Gen. Huseyin Kivrikoglu yesterday paid an official visit to Hungary and was received by Hungarian President Ferenc Madl. Following a private meeting, Madl decorated Gen. Kivrikoglu with an “order of merit,” Hungary’s highest decoration for a non-citizen. The Hungarian president said that Turkey and Gen. Kivrikoglu had played a critical role in Hungary’s integration into NATO. “When he visited Hungary in 1992, Gen. Kivrikoglu was the first NATO official to do so following our proclamation of democracy two years earlier,” Madl recalled. “His visit to the Hungarian Parliament then was welcomed with great enthusiasm.” Kivrikoglu also remarked that bilateral military relations between the two countries were at a very good level and expressed Turkey’s willingness to forge even better ties in the future. /Turkiye/

    [04] IMF’S BREKK: “$1.1 BILLION WILL BE RELEASED TO TURKEY”

    Speaking at a conference organized by the Turkish Union of Chambers and Commodities Exchanges (TOBB) yesterday, IMF Turkey representative Odd Per Brekk spoke about the IMF Executive Board’s scheduled April 15 meeting, at which the board is to discuss matters relating to Turkey. Brekk also stated that Turkey had so far done what the IMF had asked of it. “I don’t see any problem in the release of a first loan tranche to Turkey totaling $1.1 billion,” Brekk added. /Hurriyet/

    [05] YUGOSLAVIAN FOREIGN MINISTER VISITS TURKEY FOR RENEWED TIES

    Yugoslavian Foreign Minister Goran Svilanovic will travel to Turkey today in order to renew good relations between Turkey and his country, official sources said yesterday. /Hurriyet/

    [06] IRAN: “WE ARE CLOSELY FOLLOWING THE ISSUE OF CEMIL BAYIK”

    The Iranian government sent an official message to Turkey yesterday saying that the issue of Cemil Bayik, the head of the PKK terrorist organization’s so-called chairmanship council, was being closely followed but that no definitive results had yet been obtained. The Iranian Foreign Ministry also requested detailed information on the issue from the Turkish Foreign Ministry to help the ongoing investigations and went on to express its dissatisfaction with accusations in the Turkish press that Iran was “embracing” Bayik. /Cumhuriyet/

    [07] RELIGIOUS LEADERS TO CALL FOR PEACE IN MIDEAST

    Leaders from the three monotheistic religions in Turkey are to meet today in Istanbul to voice their call for peace in the Middle East. The meeting will be chaired by Turkish Religious Affairs Directorate head Mehmet Nuri Yilmaz. Among the leaders scheduled to attend the meeting are Fener Patriarch Dimitri Bartolomeos, Chief Rabbi in Turkey David Aseo and Armenian Patriarch Mesrob Mutafyan. /Cumhuriyet/

    [08] DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF SECURITY CELEBRATES 157TH ANNIVERSARY

    The Directorate General of Security celebrated the 157th anniversary of its establishment yesterday with various ceremonies throughout the country. President Ahmet Necdet Sezer and Parliament Speaker Omer Izgi issued messages remarking on the security organization’s importance in ensuring public order and congratulating the directorate for its accomplishments. Interior Minister Rustu Kazim Yucelen attended a ceremony held at Ankara’s Police Academy and addressed the gathering. Stressing that role of the security forces before crimes are committed was as important as its role in the wake of such crimes, Yucelen said, “We are trying to train our policemen to be ready for every possible challenge in line with the rule of law and respect for humanity.” /Turkiye/

    [09] MEETINGS TO DISCUSS DIFFICULTIES OF EXPORTERS

    A series of meetings is planned to bring together exporters with public sector representatives to address the problems of Tureky’s exporting sectors, the Foreign Trade Undersecretariat announced yesterday. The first such meeting, scheduled for April 24 in Istanbul, will focus on the chemical, iron and steel sectors. Further meetings planned for Ankara, Izmir, Bursa, Antalya and Gaziantep are to be held throughout the year. /Turkiye/

    [10] BAYTAS HONORED WITH HONORARY DOCTORATE

    Turkish Promotion Foundation Chairman Kemal Baytas is set to receive an honorary doctorate degree from Kutahya’s Dumlupinar University this summer, the university announced yesterday. This will be Baytas’ second such degree, having previously been so honored by Gazi University. Dumlupinar’s Senate decided earlier this year to grant Baytas a degree from its Social Science Institute’s Management Department in light of his outstanding contributions to boost Turkish tourism. The degree ceremony will coincide with June’s 10th anniversary of Dumlupinar. /Aksam/

    [11] FROM THE COLUMNS… FROM THE COLUMNS… FROM THE COLUMNS…

    [12] TURKISH-GREEK INITIATIVE BY FIKRET BILA (MILLIYET)

    Columnist Fikret Bila writes on the joint peace initiative to be launched by Foreign Ministers Ismail Cem and George Papandreou. A summary of his column is as follows:

    “The ‘quadrilateral’ peace initiative previously heralded by Foreign Minister Ismail Cem has become a reality. A joint declaration by the United Nations, the European Union, the United States and Russia was announced. A statement released by UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan also includes a peace plan. This plan calls for the withdrawal of Israeli troops, Arafat reining terrorists, the announcement of a cease-fire and gathering around a table within the framework of the Saudi peace plan. As Annan was issuing this statement, US Secretary of State Colin Powell was reiterating that Israeli troops had to withdraw, Palestine and Israel had to recognize each other, and that two states with clearly drawn borders could live in peace together. Both statements are reasonable. However, as time passes many have lost their lives due to terrorist bombings or the Israeli military operation. The bloodshed is continuing. This initiative could have been launched when the tension between Israel and Palestine had just begun to escalate. The latest incidents have shown that the UN is losing its influence as time goes by. As long as the US fails to intervene or intervenes only reluctantly, it is not possible for the UN to be effective. Therefore, in international events the US’ planning and timing is of utmost importance. The visit by Cem and Papandreou and their meeting with Sharon’s administration and Arafat following this quadrilateral initiative will have a strengthening effect. Cem would like to enlarge the quadrilateral initiative to include the Organization of the Islamic Conference. A visit made with this purpose may contribute to the enlargement of the platform. Furthermore, Cem and Papandreou’s joint initiative has another significance. The initiative launched by these two foreign ministers should constitute an example to Israel and Palestine, as our two countries had problems to solve until recently. The Israel-Palestinian problem, which was turned into a vicious circle by the Palestinian terrorist bombings and Israel’s harsh retaliation, can be solved through the quadrilateral initiative. Peace is not a dream to be established in an atmosphere where Arafat announces that he is against terrorist bombings and Israel ends its occupation. It is in the interests of both parties not to fall into the trap of radical organizations and to free themselves of the influence of countries in the region which support and foster terrorism.”

    [13] DIFFICULTIES IN FIGHTING TERRORISM BY MUSTAFA BALBAY (CUMHURIYET)

    Columnist Mustafa Balbay writes on the difficulties of fighting terrorism. A summary of his column is as follows:

    “The current events in the Middle East demonstrate that it is harder to fight terrorism than is commonly believed. Israel has launched a harsh terrorist operation to stop the Palestinian terrorist bombings. The Jewish lobby, in reply to reactions to the offensive, felt the need to recall that in actions against the terrorist organization PKK Turkey has occasionally launched operations which went into northern Iraq. The two cases are different, but we have to stress that Turkey’s fight against terrorism in the’ 90s was a very difficult process carrying many hardships with it. We passed through a period which impacted our internal peace, regional balances, economy and democratic initiatives. There are two basic measures needed so that we don’t go through this again. First, we have eliminate all imbalances which foster terrorism. Second, we have to cut off the terrorist organizations’ ties in foreign countries. This task can be expressed by saying that we must keep our house clean while preventing any negativity coming from our neighbors. Today, we shall elaborate on the second factor. The uncertainty regarding the revelation of Cemil Bayik’s ties with Iran, as he is known to be the ‘second man’ of the terrorist organization, is continuing. Turkey told Iran that Bayik entered Iranian territory on March 21 and that it was established on April 7 that he was within the Iranian borders. The reaction from Iran was rather controversial. They hesitated about accepting his presence in Iran, and then flatly rejected the claim. However, the dialogue alone showed that Iran was capable of a cooperation unthinkable in years past. It is rather hard for Iran to change its policy all at once, while also having direct contact with four fundamentalist organizations in northern Iraq. The news coming from Europe suggests our terrorist-foes are trying to win battles by sitting at battle at the tables that they lost in the mountains. The PKK believes that in Europe it is taken seriously and may be seen as a player in negotiations. The next stage for them is to achieve legal and political gains. In line with this idea, the organization hopes to establish relations with all the countries during their EU term presidencies, and open special offices in these countries. There are ongoing efforts to have certain groups working in northern Iraq accepted by the EU. When we look over the last two years, we can see that fully every month 700 bilateral contacts, meetings or similar activities took place each and every month. There are preparations continuing for the start of a new era with the announcement of the so-called eighth congress decisions which also covered the terrorists’ name change. In the coming days the contents of news coming from northern Iraq and Europe will likely change. Clearly, there still is a great distance to cover with our European friends! As we stressed right from the beginning, trying to stay within the framework of the law while also fighting terrorism brings many difficulties and attrition with it. Turkey, which went through this gauntlet in the’ 90s, has to be vigilant so as not to be faced with the same situation again. In addition to exposing and blocking the support given to terrorism, Turkey has to formulate a ‘neighbors policy’ embracing both individual countries and regional situations. In the’ 90s, 80% of the logistic support for the organization was provided through Syria. If Iran has taken the place of Syria, there is no need to explain the necessity for such a policy.”

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