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Voice of America, 98-10-02

Voice of America: Selected Articles Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Voice of America <gopher://gopher.voa.gov>


CONTENTS

  • [01] TURK CYPRIOTS (L ONLY) BY ELAINE JOHANSON (NEW YORK)
  • [02] TURKEY / SYRIA (L ONLY) BY ALI JALALI (ISTANBUL)
  • [03] U-N / ALBANIA / KOSOVO (L - ONLY) BY MAX RUSTON (UNITED NATIONS)
  • [04] NATO / KOSOVO BY LAURIE KASSMAN (LONDON)
  • [05] WEST READIES RESPONSE FOR KOSOVO VIOLENCE BY ANDREW N. GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)
  • [06] CLINTON / KOSOVO (L) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)
  • [07] ALBRIGHT / KOSOVO (S/L) BY MICHAEL LELAND (CHICAGO)
  • [08] COHEN KOSOVO FRIDAY - L BY JIM RANDLE (PENTAGON)
  • [09] CONGRESS KOSOVO (L) BY JIM RANDLE (WASHINGTON)
  • [10] U-S KOSOVO ONITER (L) BY DAVID SWAN (CAPITOL HILL)
  • [11] E-U / YUGOSLAVIA (L ONLY) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)
  • [12] YUGOSLAVIA / U-N TRIBUNAL (L - ONLY) BY MAX RUSTON (UNITED NATIONS)
  • [13] RUSSIA / KOSOVO (S ONLY) BY PETER HEINLEIN (MOSCOW)
  • [14] GERMANY POL (L ONLY) BY SUZANNE KELLY (BONN)
  • [15] N-Y ECON WRAP (S & L) BY BRECK ARDERY (NEW YORK)
  • [16] FRIDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ANDREW N. GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)

  • [01] TURK CYPRIOTS (L ONLY) BY ELAINE JOHANSON (NEW YORK)

    DATE=10/2/98
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-239608
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: TURKISH CYPRIOT LEADER RAUF DENKTASH HAS CALLED ON THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY TO RECOGNIZE THE POLITICAL LEGITIMACY OF THE BREAKAWAY TURKISH COMMUNITY ON CYPRUS. MR. DENKTASH HELD A NEWS CONFERENCE AT THE UNITED NATIONS TODAY (FRIDAY) FOLLOWING A MEETING WITH SECRETARY-GENERAL KOFI ANNAN. VOA CORRESPONDENT ELAINE JOHANSON REPORTS FROM NEW YORK:

    TEXT: THE TURKISH CYPRIOTS VIEW POLITICAL EQUALITY WITH THE MAJORITY GREEK COMMUNITY ON CYPRUS AS A PRE-CONDITION FOR A NEGOTIATED SETTLEMENT. THEIR LEADER, MR. DENKTASH, HAS MADE THAT POINT WITH INCREASING ASSERTIVENESS EVER SINCE TURKISH CYPRIOTS BROKE AWAY 15 YEARS AGO AND SET UP THEIR OWN GOVERNMENT IN NORTHERN CYPRUS.

    // BEGIN OPT //

    ONLY TURKEY RECOGNIZES THE BREAKAWAY STATE. THE UNITED NATIONS ACCEPTS THE GREEK CYPRIOT GOVERNMENT AS THE GOVERNMENT OF CYPRUS. // END OPT //

    MR. DENKTASH BELIEVES THE RUPTURE CAN NEVER BE REPAIRED COMPLETELY. HE HAS OFFERED AT BEST TO CONSIDER A LOOSE CONFEDERATION ON CYPRUS THAT EFFECTIVELY WOULD ALLOW EACH SIDE TO CONTINUE A SEPARATE EXISTENCE.

    THE TURKISH CYPRIOT LEADER CALLS IT POLITICAL REALITY:

    //DENKTASH ACT//

    I DON'T EXPECT EVERYBODY TO SAY "BRAVO, NOW WE ARE ALL ON THE CONFEDERATION TICKET". BUT I DO EXPECT EVERYBODY TO PUT HIS HANDS TO HIS HEART AND TO SAY HONESTLY "WHAT OTHER ALTERNATIVE WAS LEFT TO THE TURKISH CYPRIOTS BY THE GREEK CYPRIOTS' INSISTENCE THAT THEY ARE THE GOVERNMENT OF THE WHOLE ISLAND"?

    //END ACT//

    MR. DENKTASH ALSO INSISTS THAT THE TURKISH TROOPS ANKARA SENT TO CYPRUS IN 1974 WHEN GREECE ENGINEERED A COUP IN NICOSIA MUST STAY DESPITE INTERNATIONAL PRESSURE FOR THEIR WITHDRAWAL. HE SAYS THE TURKISH FORCE -- ESTIMATED AT 30-THOUSAND STRONG -- IS THE ONLY PROTECTION HIS PEOPLE HAVE.

    //DENKTASH OPT ACT//

    TURKEY HAS BEEN IN CYPRUS FOR 24 YEARS AND HAS NOT MOVED 24 INCHES IN THE DIRECTION OF GREEK CYPRIOTS. WHEREAS IT IS GREECE AND GREEK CYPRIOTS WHO DAILY TELL US THEY HAVE THE RIGHT TO EXTEND THEIR SOVEREIGNTY OVER THE NORTH. THEY HAVE THE POLICY. THEY ARE BUYING THE GUNS FOR IT. AND THEREFORE THE TURKISH PRESENCE IS ABSOLUTELY ESSENTIAL UNTIL THE OCCUPIED SEAT OF JOINT GOVERNMENT IS RELEASED BY THE GREEK CYPRIOTS.

    //END OPT ACT//

    U-N MEDIATORS HAVE AGAIN STARTED SHUTTLE DIPLOMACY BETWEEN THE TWO COMMUNITIES ON CYPRUS. MEANWHILE, THE GREEK CYPRIOT GOVERNMENT HAS POSTPONED FOR A SECOND TIME ITS PLANNED DEPLOYMENT OF NEW RUSSIAN MISSILES. TURKEY HAS WARNED IT WILL TAKE SOME SORT OF ACTION IF THE MISSILES ARE DEPLOYED.

    WESTERN DIPLOMATS CONSIDER THE CYPRUS SITUATION A POTENTIAL POWDERKEG FOR NATO'S SOUTHERN FLANK. (SIGNED)
    NEB/NY/EJ/LSF
    02-Oct-98 2:10 PM EDT (1810 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [02] TURKEY / SYRIA (L ONLY) BY ALI JALALI (ISTANBUL)

    DATE=10/2/98
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-239586
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT: (NOT VOICED)

    INTRO: ANKARA'S WARNING TO SYRIA TO TO END WHAT HAS BEEN CALLED ITS HOSTILE ATTITUDE TOWARD TURKEY IS BEING EXTENSIVELY DISCUSSED IN THE TURKISH MEDIA. TURKEY HAS THREATENED TO USE MILITARY FORCE UNLESS DAMASCUS ENDS ITS SUPPORT FOR THE SEPARATIST KURDISTAN WORKERS PARTY (P-K-K). V-O-A'S ALI JALALI IN ISTANBUL PREPARED THIS REPORT.

    TEXT: THE STRONGEST-EVER WARNING TO SYRIA WAS GIVEN WEDNESDAY BY TURKEY'S PRESIDENT SULEYMAN DEMIREL. ANKARA HAS ACCUSED SYRIA FOR MANY YEARS OF SUPPORTING THE P-K-K AND HOSTING ITS LEADER ABDULLAH OCALAN. TURKEY ALSO BELIEVES THE P-K-K MILITANTS ARE BEING TRAINED IN LEBANON'S BEKA VALLEY, WHICH IS UNDER SYRIAN CONTROL. SYRIA HAS REPEATEDLY DENIED THE CHARGES.

    //OPT//

    TURKEY HAS BEEN ENGAGED IN A DRAWN OUT WAR WITH THE P-K-K SEPARATISTS, WHO OFTEN GET SANCTUARY IN NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES.

    //END OPT//

    DESPITE THE MEDIA REPORTS OF A MILITARY BUILD UP NEAR THE SYRIAN BORDER, MANY TURKISH ANALYSTS DO NOT EXPECT AN ARMED CONFLICT BETWEEN TURKEY AND ITS SOUTHERN NEIGHBOR. IN A TELEPHONE INTERVIEW WITH V-O-A, TURKISH COLUMNIST DR. SHAHIN ALPAY SAID THE BUILD UP IS MERELY MUSCLE FLEXING AT MOST. HE SAID THE POTENTIAL CONSEQUENCES OF A MILITARY CONFRONTATION ARE TOO SERIOUS TO JUSTIFY THE USE OF FORCE.

    TURKISH DEFENSE MINISTER ISMET SEZGIN IS QUOTED IN THE TURKISH PRESS AS SAYING THAT IF DIPLOMACY FAILS TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES, THE "GAME" -- IN HIS WORDS -- "WILL BE PLAYED ACCORDING TO RULES."

    /// OPT ///

    WRITING FRIDAY IN ONE OF THE LEADING NATIONAL PAPERS THE HURIYAT -- EDITOR ERTUGRAL OZKAK SAYS THAT THE MILITARY AND THE FOREIGN MINISTRY HAVE DIFFERING VIEWS ON HOW TO RESPOND TO THE SITUATION. HE SAYS THE DIPLOMATS FAVOR THE USE OF POLITICAL PRESSURE, WHILE THE ARMY IS FOR SOME KIND OF MILITARY THREAT. /// END OPT ///

    PROFESSOR SOLI OZEL OF BOGAZICI (BOO-AAZIH-CHEE) UNIVERSITY SAYS ISSUES DIVIDING TURKEY AND SYRIA ARE TOO SERIOUS TO BE RESOLVED BY A SINGLE ACTION OR IN THE NEAR FUTURE.

    // OZEL ACT //

    I THINK THE TURKISH-SYRIAN RELATIONS, AS YOU MAY HAVE SEEN INDICATIONS OF, ARE GOING TO GET WORSE BEFORE THEY GET ANY BETTER, AND IF THEY WILL EVER GET ANY BETTER I DON'T KNOW. AND IT IS OBVIOUS THAT THE TURKISH-ISRAELI AXIS SEEN BY PARTIES INVOLVED IS SOMETHING THAT SQUEEZES SYRIA.

    // END ACT //

    IN AN INTERVIEW WITH THE U-S CABLE NEWS NETWORK (C-N-N) THIS WEEK (WEDNESDAY), SYRIAN FOREIGN MINISTER FAROUK SHARA' STRONGLY CRITICIZED THE GROWING MILITARY COOPERATION BETWEEN TURKEY AND ISRAEL. TURKEY REACTED BY ACCUSING DAMASCUS OF TRYING TO PROVOKE THE ARAB WORLD AGAINST ANKARA, USING TURKEY'S RELATIONS WITH ISRAEL AS A PRETEXT. TURKEY SAYS ITS RELATIONS WITH ISRAEL ARE NOT AGAINST THIRD PARTIES.

    PROFESSOR OZEL SAYS THE DISPUTE OVER DISTRIBUTION OF WATER FROM THE EUPHRATES RIVER -- WHICH FLOWS FROM TURKEY TO SYRIA -- WILL CONTINUE TO HAUNT THE RELATIONS BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES. HOWEVER, IN SPITE OF ALL THESE DIFFERENCES, MR. OZEL DOES NOT EXPECT THAT TURKEY WILL OPT FOR MILITARY ACTION. HE SAYS A MILITARY CONFRONTATION CAN DESTABILIZE THE WHOLE REGION PROMPTING STRONG REACTION FROM THE ARAB COUNTRIES AND EVEN IRAN. (SIGNED)
    NEB/AJ/GE
    02-Oct-98 9:26 AM EDT (1326 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [03] U-N / ALBANIA / KOSOVO (L - ONLY) BY MAX RUSTON (UNITED NATIONS)

    DATE=10/2/98
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-239603
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: ALBANIA TODAY (FRIDAY) JOINED INTERNATIONAL CALLS FOR AN END TO VIOLENCE IN YUGOSLAVIA'S KOSOVO PROVINCE AND ACCUSED YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC OF GENOCIDE. V-O-A'S UNITED NATIONS CORRESPONDENT MAX RUSTON REPORTS.

    TEXT: IN A SPEECH TO THE UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY, ALBANIAN FOREIGN MINISTER PASKAL MILO URGED THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY TO HOLD YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC RESPONSIBLE FOR ATROCITIES IN KOSOVO. HE CALLED ON THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA TO START AN INVESTIGATION FOR THE INDICTMENT OF MR. MILOSEVIC AS A WAR CRIMINAL, AND SAID THE YUGOSLAV LEADER SHOULD BE HELD ACCOUNTABLE AND RESPONSIBLE FOR GENOCIDE.

    /// MILO ACT ///

    WHAT IS HAPPENING TODAY IN KOSOVA, MR. PRESIDENT, IS THE STORY OF A FOREWARNED TRAGEDY. MILOSEVIC HAS, IN FACT, ORDERED THE IMPLEMENTATION OF HIS ETHNIC CLEANSING POLICY AGAINST ALBANIANS UNDER THE PRETEXT OF COMBATING THE SO-CALLED ALBANIAN TERRORISM. THIS HAS SO FAR PROVEN TO BE A CONSTANT ELEMENT IN HIS STRATEGY.

    /// END ACT ///

    THE YUGOSLAV GOVERNMENT SAYS ITS SECURITY FORCES HAVE BEEN FIGHTING ETHNIC ALBANIAN TERRORISTS IN KOSOVO AND DENIES RESPONSIBILITY FOR ANY ATROCITIES COMMITTED THERE. IT HAS ACCUSED THE ALBANIAN GOVERNMENT OF SUPPORTING ALBANIAN SEPARATISTS IN THE PROVINCE.

    THE ALBANIAN GOVERNMENT STATEMENT COMES AMID A FIRMING UP OF INTERNATIONAL OPINION ON KOSOVO. THERE IS A GROWING CONSENSUS THAT MR. MILOSEVIC IS RESPONSIBLE FOR UNWARRANTED VIOLENCE AGAINST CIVILIANS AND THAT HE IS DELIBERATELY REJECTING U-N SECURITY COUNCIL CALLS FOR A CEASEFIRE AND A NEGOTIATED SETTLEMENT TO THE CONFLICT.

    THE COUNCIL ON THURSDAY DENOUNCED THE LATEST ATROCITIES IN KOSOVO. COUNCIL MEMBERS INDICATED FURTHER MEASURES MAY BE TAKEN NEXT WEEK, AFTER SECRETARY-GENERAL KOFI ANNAN SUBMITS A REPORT ON THE SITUATION THERE. IN THE COUNCIL, U-S AND BRITISH DIPLOMATS HAVE INDICATED SUPPORT FOR MILITARY STRIKES AGAINST YUGOSLAV SECURITY FORCES IN KOSOVO. CHINA AND RUSSIA HAVE OPPOSED MILITARY INTERVENTION. NATO IS REPORTED TO HAVE COMPLETED PREPARATIONS FOR SUCH STRIKES. (SIGNED)
    NEB/UN/MPR/LSF
    02-Oct-98 12:58 PM EDT (1658 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [04] NATO / KOSOVO BY LAURIE KASSMAN (LONDON)

    DATE=10/2/98
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-41512
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: MASSACRES IN KOSOVO HAVE SPURRED THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY TO ISSUE STERN WARNINGS TO SERB LEADERS THAT A NATO STRIKE IS IMMINENT. BUT WHAT CAN THE USE OF FORCE ACCOMPLISH? IN LONDON, V-O-A CORRESPONDENT LAURIE KASSMAN TAKES A LOOK AT THE PROS AND CONS OF MILITARY ACTION AS A DIPLOMATIC TOOL IN YUGOSLAVIA.

    TEXT: THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY IS WARNING YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC THAT TIME IS RUNNING OUT. BRITISH FOREIGN SECRETARY ROBIN COOK DOES NOT MINCE WORDS.

    /// COOK ACT ///

    WE HAVE SOUGHT VIGOROUSLY AND HONORABLY FOR A DIPLOMATIC SOLUTION. WE DON'T WANT TO USE FORCE. BUT TODAY I WARN PRESIDENT MILOSEVIC IF IT WILL TAKE FORCE, BRITAIN IS READY TO BACK FORCE.

    /// END ACT ///

    MR. MILOSEVIC HAS HEARD THE THREATS BEFORE. STILL, STRATEGIC AFFAIRS WRITER PAUL BEAVER OF JANE'S DEFENSE WEEKLY SAYS THE REPORTS OF MASSACRES IN KOSOVO HAVE ENRAGED THE ALLIES. AND HE POINTS TO NATO'S AIR STRIKES IN BOSNIA THREE YEARS AGO THAT HELPED CURB SERB AGGRESSION THERE.

    /// BEAVER ACT ONE ///

    WHETHER AIR STRIKES ARE ACTUALLY GOING TO BE SO PRODUCTIVE TO STOP IT, I DON'T KNOW. THE ONE THING WE LEARNED FROM BOSNIA IS THE SERBS DO RESPECT FORCE, THEY DO RESPECT TOUGH ACTIONS SO MAYBE IT WILL.

    /// END ACT ///

    NATO SAYS IT IS READY. THE U-N SECRETARY GENERAL IS DUE TO REPORT BY MONDAY ON WHETHER YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC IS COMPLYING WITH U-N DEMANDS TO PULL HIS TROOPS OUT OF KOSOVO. BRITAIN IS PUSHING FOR A NATO STRIKE EVEN WITHOUT U-N SECURITY COUNCIL SUPPORT.

    /// OPT ///

    SO FAR, SECURITY COUNCIL MEMBER RUSSIA IS RELUCTANT TO APPROVE THE ACTION. MR BEAVER SAYS RUSSIA IS IN A DIFFICULT POSITION.

    /// OPT // BEAVER ACT TWO ///

    THE RUSSIANS ARE VERY MINDFUL OF THEIR OWN SITUATION IN CHECHNYA, WHICH IS VERY PARALLEL TO THE SITUATION IN KOSOVO.

    /// END ACT // END OPT ///

    AS THE PROSPECTS OF A MILITARY ATTACK INCREASE, ANALYSTS LOOK AT THE OPTIONS.

    MILITARY ANALYST KEN PETRIE OF THE INSTITUTE FOR STRATEGIC STUDIES IN LONDON SAYS THE LOGICAL CHOICE WOULD BE TOMAHAWK MISSILE STRIKES AGAINST SERB BASES IN KOSOVO.

    /// PETRIE ACT ///

    I CONCEIVE THIS AS AN ESCALATING AIR CAMPAIGN. FIRST THEY WOULD GO FOR MILITARY TARGETS, SUCH AS COMMAND AND CONTROL HEADQUARTERS, SUCH AS BARRACKS, SUCH AS SURFACE TO AIR MISSILES AND AIR DEFENSE CAPABILITIES THAT THEY HAVE IN KOSOVO. AND IF THE INITIAL ATTACKS DON'T WORK, THEN THE WHOLE THING WOULD BE RATCHETED UP.

    /// END ACT ///

    MR. PETRIE SAYS AIR STRIKES ALSO CUT DOWN ON POTENTIAL CIVILIAN CASUALTIES. BUT WILL IT ACHIEVE ITS GOAL?

    PAUL BEAVER OF JANE'S DEFENSE WEEKLY SAYS THAT DEPENDS ON THE POLITICAL OBJECTIVES.

    /// BEAVER ACT ///

    IT DEPENDS ON WHAT THE AIM IS AT THE END OF THE DAY. IF WE WANT TO STOP THE SERBS FROM BRUTALIZING THE ETHNIC ALBANIANS IN KOSOVO, THEN THEY MAY BE. IF WE WANT TO HAVE A LONG TERM SOLUTION, THEN WE NEED TO LOOK AT THE WHOLE.

    /// END ACT ///

    MR. BEAVER WARNS THAT AIR STRIKES WILL NOT SOLVE ALL THE PROBLEMS IN KOSOVO, OR THE BALKANS IN GENERAL.

    SERB OFFICIALS NOW WARN THEY WILL CONSIDER A NATO ATTACK AS AN ACT OF WAR. ANALYSTS FEAR AN ALLIED STRIKE WITHOUT CLEAR POLITICAL OBJECTIVES COULD BACKFIRE AND FUEL EVEN MORE SERB AGGRESSIONS IN KOSOVO. (SIGNED)
    NEB/MLK/JWH
    02-Oct-98 9:51 AM EDT (1351 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [05] WEST READIES RESPONSE FOR KOSOVO VIOLENCE BY ANDREW N. GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=10/02/98
    TYPE=U-S OPINION ROUNDUP
    NUMBER=6-10941
    TELEPHONE=619-3335
    EDITOR=ASSIGNMENTS
    CONTENT=

    INTRO: U-S NEWSPAPER EDITORIAL COLUMNS ARE EXPRESSING ANGER AND FRUSTRATION AT THE PACE OF THE WESTERN RESPONSE TO REPORTS OF MASSACRES OF WOMEN, CHILDREN AND THE ELDERLY, REPORTEDLY BY SERBIAN FORCES.

    /// OPT ///

    AND, AS WINTER APPROACHES, THOUSANDS OF TERROR-STRICKEN REFUGEES ARE REPORTEDLY HIDING IN THE WOODS, AFRAID TO RETURN TO THEIR VILLAGES, MANY OF WHICH HAVE BEEN DESTROYED IN THE SERBIAN CRACKDOWN AGAINST ETHNIC ALBANIANS. /// END OPT ///

    JOINING US AT THE V-O-A MICROPHONE NOW, WITH A SAMPLING OF THE LATEST COMMENTS IS ___________________ AND TODAY'S U-S OPINION ROUNDUP.

    TEXT: ACROSS THE COUNTRY, AMERICA'S DAILIES ARE FURIOUS THAT IT IS TAKING SO LONG TO RESCUE THE ETHNIC-ALBANIAN CIVILIANS IN KOSOVO. WE BEGIN OUR SAMPLING IN WISCONSIN, WHERE "THE MILWAUKEE JOURNAL SENTINEL," UNDER A HEADLINE READING: "PIOUS SPEECHES WON'T RESCUE KOSOVO'S VICTIMS," SAYS IT HAS HAD ENOUGH OF THE KILLING.

    VOICE: NOW, AS BEFORE, THE OUTSIDE WORLD IS FRETTING - - AND DOING LITTLE MORE. /// OPT /// ON TUESDAY, A WHITE HOUSE OFFICIAL URGED 'A STRONG AND DECISIVE END TO WHAT IS HAPPENING,'" AND ON WEDNESDAY, BRITAIN CALLED FOR AN EMERGENCY MEETING OF THE U-N SECURITY COUNCIL. SPARE US - - ABOVE ALL, SPARE THE VICTIMS OF KOSOVO - - THE TALK. /// END OPT /// THE TIME FOR ACTION, FOR RESCUE, IS NOW. BOSNIA VERY NEARLY BECAME THE GRAVEYARD OF THIS COUNTRY'S MORAL REPUTATION. TODAY ..... THE UNITED STATES AND ITS ALLIES ARE MARCHING TOWARD THE SAME GRAVEYARD, ACTING AS THOUGHT THEY HAVE ..... LEARNED NOTHING.

    TEXT: TAKING THE OTHER SIDE, "THE ORLANDO [FLORIDA] SENTINEL" WARNS OF ANOTHER FOREIGN "BOONDOGGLE" [FIASCO] ADVISING PRESIDENT CLINTON N O T "TO JUMP INTO KOSOVO'S QUAGMIRE, EXPOSING THE UNITED STATES TO YET ANOTHER OPEN-ENDED MILITARY COMMITMENT."

    VOICE: BOSNIA SHOULD SERVE AS AN EXAMPLE - - OF WHAT NOT TO DO. AMERICANS GAIN NOTHING BY TANGLING THEMSELVES IN AGES-OLD CONFLICTS THAT DEFY SOLUTION. BUT THAT GOOD ADVICE APPEARS LOST ON MR. CLINTON. .... EVEN IF YUGOSLAVIA'S BELLIGERENCE WARRANTS MORE THAN A DIPLOMATIC RESPONSE, THE UNITED STATES SHOULDN'T BE LEADING THE EFFORT. EUROPEANS SHOULD TAKE CHARGE. KOSOVO IS IN THEIR BACK YARD. THE UNITED STATES SHOULD LIMIT ITS ROLE TO A SUPPORTING ONE. /// OPT

    /// THIS NATION HAS ENOUGH TO CONTEND WITH, PARTICULARLY A GLOBAL ECONOMIC CRISIS THAT NOW THREATENS TO UNDERMINE AMERICANS' ECONOMIC PROSPERITY. MR. CLINTON SHOULD DEVOTE HIS ATTENTION TO THAT CONCERN, NOT MANUFACTURE REASONS TO GET THE UNITED STATES BOGGED DOWN IN SOMEONE ELSE'S PROBLEM.

    /// END OPT ///

    TEXT: /// OPT /// "THE BOSTON GLOBE" SAYS THE ISSUE IS N O T AS CLEAR CUT AS IT WAS IN BOSNIA, BECAUSE KOSOVO IS A P R O V I N C E OF A SOVEREIGN NATION, YUGOSLAVIA AND THAT MAKES MILITARY INTERVENTION MUCH MORE DIFFICULT.

    VOICE: THERE ARE SUBSTANTIVE AND PRINCIPLED REASONS FOR NATO TO AVOID INTERVENING IN THE AFFAIRS OF A SOVEREIGN STATE SUCH AS SERBIA, NOT THE LEAST OF WHICH IS THE DESIRE NOT TO ACT AS THE KOSOVO LIBERATION ARMY'S AIR FORCE. BUT A HUMANITARIAN TRAGEDY IS IN THE MAKING UNLESS THE FIGHTING CAN BE STOPPED AND REFUGEES SHELTERED BEFORE WINTER SETS IN. /// END OPT ///

    TEXT: ON LONG ISLAND, NEW YORK, "NEWSDAY" AGREES THAT IT IS PAST TIME TO ACT.

    VOICE: /// OPT /// .... WITH THE DISCOVERY OF TWO MASSACRES OF ETHNIC ALBANIAN CIVILIANS BY SERB FORCES, THERE IS GREATER URGENCY THAN EVER FOR WASHINGTON AND ITS NATO PARTNERS TO PRESSURE SERBIAN STRONGMAN SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC TO HALT HIS MILITARY ATTACKS AGAINST KOSOVARS.

    /// END OPT ///

    ..... NATO MUST ADVANCE ITS ULTIMATUM AND TELL [MR.] MILOSEVIC THAT HE HAS RUN OUT OF TIME. AND ... THE LOUDEST VOICE SHOULD BE THAT OF PRESIDENT BILL CLINTON, WHO UP UNTIL NOW HAS NOT BEEN HEARD ON THE GRISLY MATTER.

    TEXT: "THE LOS ANGELES TIMES," SAYS IN THE NAME OF REGIONAL PEACE, THIS CONFLICT HAS GONE ON LONG ENOUGH.

    VOICE: THE WORLD'S DEMOCRACIES CANNOT STAND BY WHILE [MR.] MILOSEVIC'S TROOPS RAISE HAVOC IN KOSOVO .... /// OPT

    /// THE KOSOVARS PRESENT NO THREAT TO [MR.] MILOSEVIC'S DOMINANCE IN YUGOSLAVIA, BUT ATTACKS BY HIS MILITARY AND POLICE COULD IGNITE THE FUSE OF MUSLIM NATIONALISM IN NEIGHBORING BALKAN COUNTRIES. /// END OPT /// EUROPE AND THE UNITED STATES WOULD BE IRRESPONSIBLE NOT TO TRY TO STOP THIS SPUTTERING CONFLICT FROM SPREADING.

    TEXT: "THE NEW YORK TIMES" WRITES THAT "THE NEED FOR OUTSIDE INTERVENTION IS URGENT."

    VOICE: /// OPT /// RECENT DAYS HAVE BROUGHT HARROWING REPORTS OF MASSACRES OF WOMEN, CHILDREN AND THE ELDERLY BY SERBIAN FORCES. WITH WINTER COMING, HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF ETHNIC ALBANIANS IN KOSOVO HAVE BEEN DRIVEN FROM THEIR HOMES, MANY HAVING TO HIDE WITHOUT SHELTER OR FOOD IN THE MOUNTAINS. /// END OPT /// ..... MR. MILOSEVIC'S ETHNIC CLEANSING AND ATTACKS ON INNOCENTS HAVE PUSHED THE WORLD TO THE BRINK OF A MILITARY RESPONSE. ..... THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL SHOULD AUTHORIZE THE USE OF FORCE. /// OPT /// IF IT FAILS TO DO SO BECAUSE OF RUSSIAN OPPOSITION, WHICH IS LIKELY, NATO SHOULD MOVE AHEAD ANYWAY IF MILITARY ACTION PROVES NECESSARY TO SAVE THOUSANDS OF LIVES. /// EDN OPT

    ///

    TEXT: /// OPT /// LIKE "NEWSDAY," "THE WASHINGTON POST" IS CRITICAL OF THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION FOR NOT ACTING SOONER, BUT WARNS:

    VOICE: WHAT IS CRUCIAL NOW IS FOR THE ADMINISTRATION TO SHOW RESOLVE NOTWITHSTANDING ANY PHONY LAST-MINUTE CONCESSIONS BY MR. MILOSEVIC - - AND TO ACT WITH A CLEAR GOAL AND EQUALLY CLEAR UNDERSTANDING OF THE FORCE NEEDED TO ACHIEVE IT. HALF-MEASURES INTENDED PRINCIPALLY TO REDEEM MR. CLINTON'S SHREDDED CREDIBILITY WILL ONLY MAKE MATTERS WORSE. /// END OPT ///

    TEXT: IN FLORIDA, UNDER A HEADING READING: "NATO MUST ACT," "THE MIAMI HERALD," ASKS THE QUESTION:

    VOICE: WHY IS THERE SUCH RELUCTANCE TO CONFRONT THE WORLD'S THUGS IN THE ONLY TERMS ... THEY UNDERSTAND? WITH YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC, THAT TERM IS FORCE. AND IF KOSOVO IS NOT TO BECOME THE WORLD'S NEWEST KILLING FIELD, THERE MUST BE FORCE BEHIND DIPLOMATS' WARNINGS THAT THE WORLD 'WILL NOT TOLERATE FURTHER ATROCITIES.'

    TEXT: WITH THOSE COMMENTS FROM FLORIDA'S LARGEST DAILY, WE CONCLUDE THIS SAMPLING OF EDITORIALS REGARDING THE LATEST VIOLENCE FROM SERB FORCES AGAINST ETHNIC ALBANIANS IN YUGOSLOVIA'S KOSOVO PROVINCE.
    NEB/ANG/GE
    02-Oct-98 1:46 PM EDT (1746 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [06] CLINTON / KOSOVO (L) BY DEBORAH TATE (WHITE HOUSE)

    DATE=10/2/98
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-239606
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: WITH NATO PREPARED TO USE AIR STRIKES AGAINST YUGOSLAV MILITARY TARGETS, PRESIDENT CLINTON SAYS THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY MUST REMAIN FIRM TOWARD YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC. V-O-A'S DEBORAH TATE REPORTS FROM THE WHITE HOUSE.

    TEXT: WITHOUT SPECIFICALLY MENTIONING POSSIBILE NATO MILITARY ACTION, MR. CLINTON -- LEAVING ON A TRIP TO OHIO AND PENNSYLVANIA SAID THE UNITED STATES AND ITS ALLIES MUST NOT WAVER IN DEMANDING THAT MR. MILOSEVIC END HIS CAMPAIGN AGAINST ETHNIC ALBANIAN SEPARATISTS IN KOSOVO.

    /// CLINTON ACTUALITY ///

    I HAVE BEEN WORKING FOR MONTHS TO GET NATO AND THE U-N TO SEND A MESSAGE TO MR. MILOSEVIC TO STOP THE VIOLENCE. WE HAVE NATO WORKING, WE HAVE THE U-N RESOLUTION. I BELIEVE OUR ALLIES IN EUROPE ARE WITH US, AND I THINK WE ALL UNDERSTAND. WE HOPE HE GOT THE MESSAGE. IT IS VERY IMPORTANT. WE HAVE TO BE VERY, VERY STRONG HERE. WE NEED TO STOP THE VIOLENCE, GET A NEGOTIATED SETTLEMENT AND WORK OUR WAY THROUGH THIS.

    /// END ACT ///

    NATO IS READY TO USE AIRSTRIKES TO ENFORCE LAST WEEK'S U-N SECURITY COUNCIL'S RESOLUTION FOR THE PULLBACK OF YUGOSLAV SECURITY FORCES LINKED TO HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IN KOSOVO.

    ALTHOUGH OFFICIALS IN BELGRADE SAY YUGOSLAV FORCES ARE RETURNING TO THEIR BARRACKS, THE UNITED STATES MAINTAINS THERE IS LITTLE EVIDENCE OF THAT.

    MR. CLINTON SAID HE HOPED THERE WOULD A POSITIVE RESOLUTION TO THE CRISIS TO PREVENT A HUMANITARIAN DISASTER INVOLVING THOUSANDS OF KOSOVO REFUGEES THIS WINTER. (SIGNED)
    NEB/DAT/WDC/KL
    02-Oct-98 1:44 PM EDT (1744 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [07] ALBRIGHT / KOSOVO (S/L) BY MICHAEL LELAND (CHICAGO)

    DATE=10/2/98
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-239622
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: U-S SECRETARY OF STATE MADELINE ALBRIGHT SAYS A DECISION WHETHER TO USE FORCE TO END THE VIOLENCE IN SERBIA'S KOSOVO PROVINCE WILL NOT BE BASED ON WHETHER RUSSIA THINKS SUCH A MOVE IS A GOOD IDEA. MS. ALBRIGHT MADE THE COMMENT DURING A VISIT TO THE MIDWEST U-S CITY OF CHICAGO. MORE FROM VOA'S MICHAEL LELAND.

    TEXT: MS. ALBRIGHT APPLAUDED RUSSIA'S DECISION TO SUPPORT THE U-N RESOLUTION CALLING FOR AN END TO THE SERBIAN OFFENSIVE IN KOSOVO, BUT SAYS MOSCOW'S OPPOSITION TO THE USE OF NATO FORCE IN THE REGION WILL NOT STOP SUCH ACTION IF IT IS DETERMINED NECESSARY BY THE ALLIANCE.

    // ALBRIGHT ACT #1 //

    191

    WE ARE CONTINUING TO WORK WITH RUSSIA THROUGHOUT THIS CRISIS, BUT LET ME BE CLEAR: IF, AT THE END OF THE DAY, WE DISAGREE ABOUT WHETHER FORCE HAS TO BE USED, THE UNITED STATES AND ITS ALLIES MUST BE PREPARED TO ACT.

    // END ACT //

    MS. ALBRIGHT MADE HER COMMENTS IN A LUNCHTIME SPEECH FRIDAY TO THE U-S - RUSSIA BUSINESS COUNCIL IN CHICAGO. ALSO ON FRIDAY, RUSSIA'S LOWER HOUSE OF PARLIAMENT WARNED AGAINST NATO MILITARY ACTION IN KOSOVO WITHOUT UNITED NATIONS APPROVAL, SAYING IT WOULD RAISE THE POSSIBILITY OF FULL-SCALE WAR.

    // REST OPT FOR LONG //

    THE SECRETARY OF STATE SAID THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION AND NATO OFFICIALS CONTINUE TO BELIEVE THE BEST SOLUTION IS A DIPLOMATIC ONE, BUT ADDS YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC MUST PUT A PERMANENT STOP TO SERB ATTACKS IN THE REGION AND ALLOW HUMANITARIAN AID TO REACH ETHNIC ALBANIAN REFUGEES.

    // ALBRIGHT ACT#2 //

    WE HAVE A LOT OF HARD WORK TO DO IN THE COMING DAYS TO SEE (MR.) MILOSEVIC GETS THE MESSAGE. I SPOKE TO FOREIGN MINISTER IVANOV THIS MORNING ABOUT THE ATROCITIES OF RECENT DAYS, ABOUT THE NEED TO SEE THAT (MR.) MILOSEVIC UNDERSTANDS OUR DETERMINATION.

    // END ACT //

    ON THURSDAY, THE U-S STATE DEPARTMENT ISSUED A TRAVEL WARNING URGING AMERICANS NOT TO VISIT YUGOSLAVIA AND FOR AMERICANS THERE NOW TO CONSIDER LEAVING. (SIGNED)
    NEB/MJL/PT
    02-Oct-98 5:27 PM EDT (2127 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [08] COHEN KOSOVO FRIDAY - L BY JIM RANDLE (PENTAGON)

    DATE=10/2/98
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-239626
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: U-S DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM COHEN SAYS NATO AIR STRIKES COULD HIT SERB TARGETS IN KOSOVO AND ELSEWHERE IN LESS THAN TWO WEEKS. MR. COHEN ALSO SAYS NATO MAY MUSTER 'SEVERAL HUNDRED' AIRCRAFT FOR THE ATTACKS. V-O-A'S JIM RANDLE REPORTS FROM THE PENTAGON.

    TEXT: SECRETARY COHEN SAYS YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC COULD STILL AVOID THE AIR STRIKES BY STOPPING THE KILLING IN KOSOVO, ALLOWING AID TO REACH THE NEEDY IN THE SERBIAN PROVICE,HELPING REFUGEES GO HOME AND STARTING SERIOUS TALKS WITH THE KOSOVAR ALBANIANS. BUT MR. COHEN SAYS IT WILL TAKE DEEDS, NOT WORDS, TO PREVENT THE ATTACKS.

    /// COHEN ACT ///

    THERE WAS A REPORT THAT AT LEAST TWO WEEKS ARE CONTEMPLATED BEFORE ANY SUCH ACTION COULD TAKE PLACE. I BELIEVE THAT ACTION,IF IT IS REQUIRED, WILL TAKE PLACE BEFORE THAT TIME. THAT THERE WILL NOT BE A TWO WEEK HIATUS BETWEEN NOW AND THE TIME THAT IT WILL BE NECESSARY TO PROVIDE RELIEF FOR THE PEOPLE WHO ARE CURRENTLY SUFFERING.

    /// END ACT ///

    THE CIVIL WAR IN KOSOVO HAS DISPLACED ABOUT 300-THOUSAND PEOPLE AND SOME 50 THOUSAND ARE SAID TO BE HIDING IN THE MOUNTAINS AND FORESTS, UNPROTECTED FROM THE RAPIDLY APPROACHING WINTER SNOWS.

    SECRETARY COHEN SAYS IT'S IMPERATIVE TO ACT BEFORE THOUSANDS OF KOSOVAR ALBANIANS FREEZE OR STARVE TO DEATH. THE FIGHTING IN THE SERBIAN PROVINCE OF KOSOVO IS BETWEEN ETHNIC ALBANIANS, WHO MAKE UP ABOUT 90 PER CENT OF THE POPULATION, AND THE ETHNIC SERBS WHO DOMINATE THE GOVERNMENT, ARMY AND POLICE. MANY OF THE KOSOVARS WANT INDEPENDENCE FROM SERBIA, WHICH IS THE LARGEST REPUBLIC IN YUGOSLAVIA. BUT SERBS SAY KOSOVO IS THE CRADLE OF THEIR CIVILIZATION AND VOW THEY WILL NEVER LET GO OF THE LAND.

    MR. COHEN SAYS NATO WILL TRY TO BRING PEACE TO THE TROUBLED LAND BY MUSTERING HUNDREDS OF WARPLANES CONTRIBUTED BY A MAJORITY OF THE NATO NATIONS. THE SECRETARY ALSO SAYS HE MAY GO TO BRUSSELS NEXT WEEK FOR FURTHER TALKS WITH NATO AMBASSADORS ON THE KOSOVO CRISIS.(SIGNED).
    NEB/PT
    02-Oct-98 5:55 PM EDT (2155 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [09] CONGRESS KOSOVO (L) BY JIM RANDLE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=10/2/98
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-239612
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: SOME MEMBERS OF THE U-S CONGRESS ARE CALLING FOR STRONG MILITARY ACTION IN KOSOVO, FOLLOWING REPORTS THAT SERB FORCES EXECUTED DOZENS OF PEOPLE IN THE SERBIAN PROVINCE. V-O-A'S JIM RANDLE REPORTS FROM WASHINGTON, WHERE TOP DIPLOMATIC AND MILITARY OFFICIALS BRIEFED THE LAWMAKERS.

    TEXT: AFTER THE SECRET BRIEFING, U-S DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM COHEN TOLD REPORTERS, YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC MUST STOP HIS ATTACKS ON ETHNIC ALBANIANS IN KOSOVO OR LIKELY FACE MILITARY ACTION. MR. COHEN ALSO SAID SERB-DOMINATED YUGOSLAV FORCES MUST WITHDRAW, ALLOW FREE ACCESS FOR AID DELIVERIES, HELP REFUGEES RETURN HOME, AND START TALKS WITH THE ETHNIC ALBANIAN MAJORITY.

    SOME MEMBERS OF CONGRESS EMERGED FROM THE DISCUSSIONS SAYING IT IS PAST TIME FOR STRONG ACTION IN KOSOVO. NEW YORK DEMOCRAT ELIOT ENGLE SAYS ONLY FORCE WILL MAKE YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC STOP HIS ATTACKS ON ETHNIC ALBANIAN KOSOVARS. HE SAYS THE DIRE HUMANATARIAN SITUATION JUSTIFIES NATO AIR STRIKES.

    /// ENGLE ACT ///

    WE HAVE LITERALLY ONE QUARTER OF THE POPULATION, UP TO ABOUT 500-THOUSAND REFUGEES IN KOSOVO, WHO HAVE BEEN ROUTED FROM THEIR HOMES. AND THE PATTERN IS PRETTY MUCH THE SAME. THE SERBS BEGIN TO SHELL THE VILLAGES AND ROUT INNOCENT CIVILIANS FROM THEIR HOMES.

    /// END ACT ///

    NEW YORK REPUBLICAN SUE KELLY SAID WINTER'S ARRIVAL IN MOUNTNOUS KOSOVO SHARPENS THE CRISIS.

    /// KELLY ACT ///

    BECAUSE THE SERBS HAVE BURNED THE FIELDS, IN KOSOVO. THEY HAVE TAKEN AWAY THE CLOTHING. THEY HAVE TAKEN AWAY THE FOOD. THESE PEOPLE (THE KOSOVARS) ARE LIVING WITH NOTHING BUT THEIR SUMMER CLOTHES ON THEIR BACKS IN THE MOUNTAINS IN ORDER TO ESCAPE THE SERB ATROCITIES IN THEIR VILLAGES. THEY HAVE NO VILLAGES TO GO BACK TO. THEIR FAMILIES ARE DEAD.

    /// END ACT ///

    MARYLAND DEMOCRAT STENY HOYER SAYS YUGOSLAV-SERB FORCES CONTINUE THEIR ATTACKS ON KOSOVAR ALBANIANS.

    /// HOYER ACT ///

    A 95 YEAR OLD MAN BURNED TO DEATH IN HIS HOME. WOMEN AND CHILDREN SHOT A POINT BLANK RANGE. A PREGNANT WOMAN,. AGE 30, STOMQACH SLIT. I'M NOT DESCRIBING A MOVIE. I'M DESCRIBING WHAT IS GOING ON IN KOSOVO, THIS WEEK, RIGHT NOW, THIS MOMENT IN KOSOVO.

    /// END ACT ///

    AFTER A SIMILILAR BRIEFING FOR SENATORS THURSDAY, SEVERAL SENATORS SAID THERE IS SUPPORT FOR STRONG ACTION IN KOSOVO. NEXT WEEK, THE U-N SECRETARY GENERAL IS TO REPORT ON HOW WELL YUGOSLAV FORCES ARE COMPLYING WITH SECURITY COUNCIL DEMANDS THAT THEY STOP THEIR OFFENSIVE IN KOSOVO.

    PENTAGON OFFICIALS SAY NATO HAS NOT DECIDED TO STRIKE BUT HAS MOVED A STEP CLOSER. THURSDAY ALLIANCE MEMBERS APPROVED WHAT THEY CALL AN "ACTIVATION REQUEST," CREATING A FORCE THAT COULD ATTACK YUGOSLAV MIITARY TARGETS AS SOON AS NEXT WEEK.

    /// REST OPT ///

    KOSOVO IS A PROVINCE OF SERBIA, WHICH IS THE LARGER OF THE TWO REPUBLICS THAT MAKE UP YUGOSLAVIA. NINETY PER CENT OF KOSOVO RESIDENTS ARE ETHNIC ALBANIANS, AND MOST ARE MUSLIMS. MANY OF THEM WANT INDEPENDENCE. BUT THE GOVERNMENT AND SECURITY FORCES ARE RUN BY ETHBNIC SERBS, WHO SAY THEY WILL NEVER GIVE UP KOSOVO BECAUSE IT IS THE CRADLE OF SERBIAN CIVILIZATION. (SIGNED).
    NEB/PT
    02-Oct-98 3:29 PM EDT (1929 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [10] U-S KOSOVO ONITER (L) BY DAVID SWAN (CAPITOL HILL)

    DATE=10/1/98
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-239575
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION IS LAYING THE MILITARY AND POLITICAL GROUNDWORK FOR POSSIBLE AIR STRIKES IN YUGOSLAVIA, TO STOP THE MASSACRES IN KOSOVO PROVINCE. V-O-A'S DAVID SWAN REPORTS FROM CAPITOL HILL, WHERE THE PRESIDENT'S FOREIGN POLICY TEAM SOUGHT BACKING FROM CONGRESS.

    TEXT: SECRETARY OF STATE MADELINE ALBRIGHT, DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM COHEN AND NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISOR SANDY BERGER GAVE SENATORS A TWO-HOUR SECRET BRIEFING ON THE CRISIS (THURSDAY). THEY WON A PUBLIC ENDORSEMENT FROM REPUBLICAN KAY BAILEY HUTCHISON, WHO PREDICTS THE LAWMAKERS WILL SUPPORT ANOTHER USE OF ALLIED FORCE IN THE BALKANS.

    /// HUTCHISON ACT ///

    I THINK EVERY MEMBER OF THE SENATE IS READY TO SAY "WE'RE NOT GOING TO LET PEOPLE BE KILLED IN THEIR SLEEP. WE'RE NOT GOING TO SEE CHILDREN DEAD ON THE GROUND WITHOUT TAKING SOME ACTION."

    /// END ACT ///

    PENTAGON OFFICIALS SAY NATO HAS NOT MADE THE DECISION TO STRIKE BUT HAS MOVED A STEP CLOSER. ALLIANCE MEMBERS HAVE APPROVED WHAT THEY CALL AN ACTIVATION REQUEST, CREATING A FORCE THAT COULD ATTACK YUGOSLAV MIITARY TARGETS AS SOON AS NEXT WEEK.

    OFFICIALS WARN THEY WILL MAKE GOOD ON THE THREAT UNLESS PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC MEETS DEMANDS LAID DOWN BY THE U-N SECURITY COUNCIL. DEFENSE SECRETARY WILLIAM COHEN SPELLS THEM OUT.

    /// COHEN ACT ///

    HE MUST PULL BACK HIS ARMED FORCE, HE MUST PULL BACK THE "MOOP," THE POLICE, HE MUST ALLOW THE N-G-O'S THE NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS AND AGENCIES, TO PROVIDE HUMANITARIAN RELIEF, HE MUST ALLOW FOR THE DISPLACED PERSONS TO RETURN TO THEIR HOMES AND THEN SIT DOWN AND SEEK A DIPLOMATIC SOLUTION TO THE CONFLICT.

    /// END ACT ///

    SO FAR, U-S OFFICIALS SAY, THERE ARE ONLY ANECDOTAL (UNCONFIRM) REPORTS THE YUGOSLAV SECURITY TROOPS ARE MOVING BACK TO THEIR BARRACKS. SERB FORCES HAVE RECENTLY BEEN ACCUSED OF EXECUTING DOZENS OF ETHNIC ALBANIANS, WHO MAKE UP 90-PERCENT OF KOSOVO'S POPULATION. OFFICIALS ALSO WORRY ABOUT A POTENTIAL HUMANITARIAN DISASTER, WITH THOUSANDS OF REFUGEES FACING A BALKAN WINTER. (SIGNED)
    NEB/DS/WDC/PT
    01-Oct-98 9:11 PM EDT (0111 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America

    [11] E-U / YUGOSLAVIA (L ONLY) BY RON PEMSTEIN (BRUSSELS)

    DATE=10/2/98
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-239588
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    /// EDS: THIS REPORT COULD BE USED THROUGHOUT THE WEEKEND ///

    INTRO: EUROPEAN UNION FOREIGN MINISTERS WILL MEET IN LUXEMBOURG MONDAY TO DISCUSS THE SITUATION IN KOSOVO AND RUSSIA AS WELL AS THEIR SCHEDULE FOR ENLARGING THE UNION. V-O-A CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN IN BRUSSELS REPORTS THE FOREIGN MINISTERS WILL TRY TO CLOSE UP SOME LOOPHOLES IN THEIR FLIGHT BAN AGAINST YUGOSLAV AIRLINES.

    TEXT: THE FOREIGN MINISTERS AGREED TO BAN FLIGHTS BY YUGOSLAV AIRLINES TO THEIR 15 COUNTRIES IN JUNE. BUT IT WAS NOT UNTIL THE MIDDLE OF LAST MONTH THAT BRITAIN AND GREECE AGREED TO IMPOSE THE BAN. THEY INSISTED THAT A ONE-YEAR NOTICE WAS REQUIRED BEFORE EXCLUDING YUGOSLAV AIRLINES FROM THEIR AIRPORTS.

    BRITAIN AND GREECE ABANDONED THEIR RESISTANCE, BUT DIPLOMATS HERE SAY THE MINISTERS HAVE TO CLOSE STILL ANOTHER LOOPHOLE IN THE FLIGHT BAN AGAINST YUGOSLAV AIRLINES. THE DIPLOMATS SAY BRITISH AIRWAYS, AUSTRIAN AIRLINES, AND THE GERMAN LUFTHANSA ARE EVADING THE SPIRIT OF THE BAN BY TAKING YUGOSLAV AIRLINES PASSENGER LISTS AND SHARING THE PROFITS WITH BELGRADE.

    A EUROPEAN COMMISSION SPOKESWOMAN SAYS THE FOREIGN MINISTERS FROM THE THREE COUNTRIES WILL BE ASKED TO STOP THE PRACTICE. THE SPOKESWOMAN, LOUSEWIES (CQ) VAN DER LAAN, SAYS COMMISSIONER HANS VAN DER BROEK WILL INVESTIGATE.

    /// VAN DER LAAN ACT ///

    ONE OF THE THINGS WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO DO IS TO INVESTIGATE WHETHER THESE REPORTS ARE CORRECT AND IF THEY ARE, THEN OBVIOUSLY THE COMMISSION WILL HAVE TO THINK ABOUT WHETHER WE HAVE TO MAKE AN AMENDMENT TO THE REGULATION OR HAVE A NEW REGULATION WHICH WOULD ALSO EXCLUDE THIS KIND OF ACTION. OBVIOUSLY THAT WOULD HAVE TO BE AGREED BY THE MEMBER STATES.

    /// END ACT ///

    DIPLOMATS HERE SAY GREECE COULD BE ONE COUNTRY THAT MIGHT BLOCK A TIGHTENING OF THE FLIGHT BAN BY THE EUROPEAN UNION.

    THE EUROPEAN UNION FLIGHT BAN DOES NOT PROHIBIT THE THREE AIRLINES OR ANY OTHER AIRLINES FROM FLYING THEIR OWN CARRIERS TO BELGRADE. IT IS THE PROFIT SHARING ASPECT WITH YUGOSLAV AIRLINES THAT THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION WANTS TO STOP.

    SEVERAL OF THE UNION'S FOREIGN MINISTERS ARE NATO MEMBERS TOO. THE LUXEMBOURG MEETING WILL GIVE THEM A CHANCE TO ASSESS COMPLIANCE BY YUGOSLAVIA WITH THE DEMANDS THE UNITED NATIONS HAS MADE TO STOP THE KILLING IN KOSOVO. (SIGNED)
    NEB/RDP/JWH
    02-Oct-98 9:20 AM EDT (1320 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [12] YUGOSLAVIA / U-N TRIBUNAL (L - ONLY) BY MAX RUSTON (UNITED NATIONS)

    DATE=10/2/98
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-239611
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE U-N SECURITY COUNCIL ISSUED A NEW CALL TODAY (FRIDAY) FOR THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA TO COOPERATE WITH AN INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNAL INVESTIGATING VIOLATIONS OF HUMANITARIAN LAW IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA. V-O-A CORRESPONDENT MAX RUSTON REPORTS FROM THE UNITED NATIONS.

    TEXT: THE COUNCIL ISSUED ITS STATEMENT AFTER RECEIVING A BRIEFING FROM THE PRESIDENT OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNAL FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA, GABRIELLE KIRK MCDONALD. THE COUNCIL STATEMENT EXPRESSES SUPPORT FOR THE TRIBUNAL AND DEPLORES THE LACK OF COOPERATION IT HAS RECEIVED FROM THE YUGOSLAV GOVERNMENT, HEADED BY PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC.

    MS. MCDONALD REPORTED TO THE COUNCIL ON YUGOSLAVIA'S CONTINUING REFUSAL TO ARREST AND EXTRADITE THREE MEN INDICTED IN THE 1991 KILLINGS OF 260 UNARMED PEOPLE IN THE EASTERN CROATIAN CITY OF VUKOVAR, AFTER IT FELL TO SERBIAN FORCES.

    THE YUGOSLAV GOVERNMENT HAS REFUSED THE EXTRADITION REQUEST, SAYING IT IS BARRED BY ITS CONSTITUTION FROM TRANSFERRING THE MEN OUT OF THE COUNTRY. MS. MCDONALD REJECTED THAT CLAIM, SAYING INTERNATIONAL LAW, SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTIONS AND THE DAYTON PEACE AGREEMENT REQUIRE COMPLIANCE WITH THE TRIBUNAL'S ORDERS. SHE CALLED ON THE SECURITY COUNCIL TO APPROVE A RESOLUTION REMINDING THE YUGOSLAV GOVERNMENT OF ITS OBLIGATIONS.

    /// MCDONALD ACT ///

    IT SEEMS TO ME THAT THE DEPLORING AND CONDEMNING LANGUAGE IS HELPFUL. BUT STRONGER ACTIONS NEED TO BE TAKEN. I WOULD NOT SPECIFY WHAT PARTICULAR ACTIONS, BUT IT SEEMS TO ME THAT THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA SHOULD BE TOLD THAT THE TIME IS NOW, IN FACT IS LONG OVERDUE, IN TERMS OF RESPONDING TO ITS OBLIGATIONS.

    /// END ACT ///

    YUGOSLAVIA'S TROUBLES WITH THE TRIBUNAL COME AMID GROWING INTERNATIONAL CONDEMNATION OF MR. MILOSEVIC FOR HIS CRACKDOWN ON ETHNIC ALBANIANS IN KOSOVO PROVINCE. THE UNITED STATES AND BRITAIN HAVE WARNED OF POSSIBLE NATO MILITARY STRIKES AGAINST YUGOSLAV SECURITY FORCES IN THE PROVINCE IF MR. MILOSEVIC DOES NOT COMPLY WITH SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTIONS DEMANDING AN IMMEDIATE CEASEFIRE AND PEACE TALKS. (SIGNED) NEB/UN/MPR/LSF/GE
    02-Oct-98 3:12 PM EDT (1912 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [13] RUSSIA / KOSOVO (S ONLY) BY PETER HEINLEIN (MOSCOW)

    DATE=10/2/98
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-239592
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: RUSSIA'S PARLIAMENT FRIDAY WARNED AGAINST ANY NATO MILITARY ACTION OVER KOSOVO. DETAILS FROM VOA'S PETER HEINLEIN IN MOSCOW.

    TEXT: THE LOWER HOUSE, OR DUMA, UNANIMOUSLY PASSED A RESOLUTION DESCRIBING ANY USE OF NATO FORCE IN KOSOVO WITHOUT UNITED NATIONS APPROVAL AS "AN ILLEGAL ACT OF AGGRESSION".

    DUMA SPEAKER GENNADY SELEZNYOV WARNED THAT (QUOTE) "IF A SINGLE BOMB IS DROPPED IN SERBIA, IT WOULD RAISE THE POSSIBILITY OF FULL-SCALE WAR."

    NATO ALLIES DISAGREE ABOUT WHETHER THE SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION PASSED LAST WEEK IS ENOUGH TO LAUNCH AIR STRIKES. BUT FOREIGN MINISTRY SPOKESMAN VLADIMIR RAKHMANIN SAYS RUSSIA IS FIRMLY OPPOSED.

    ///RAKHMANIN ACT IN RUSSIAN, THEN FADE TO...///

    HE SAID "RUSSIA BELIEVES THIS RESOLUTION DOES NOT SANCTION THE USE OF FORCE, AND THERE CAN BE NO OTHER INTERPRETATION."

    THE DUMA RESOLUTION SAYS RUSSIA WILL CONSIDER RENEWING MILITARY-TECHNICAL COOPERATION WITH YUGOSLAVIA IN THE EVENT OF A NATO STRIKE. (SIGNED)
    NEB/PFH/PCF
    02-Oct-98 10:19 AM EDT (1419 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [14] GERMANY POL (L ONLY) BY SUZANNE KELLY (BONN)

    DATE=10/2/98
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-239582
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    /// RE-ISSUING TO ADD CR NUMBER ///

    INTRO: GERMANY'S SOCIAL DEMOCRATS AND LEADERS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL GREENS PARTY ARE MEETING IN BONN IN AN ATTEMPT TO FORM A COALITION GOVERNMENT. SUZANNE KELLY REPORTS THE TWO PARTIES HAVE MUCH TO AGREE ON AND LITTLE TIME IN WHICH TO DO IT.

    TEXT: GERMANY'S CHANCELLOR-ELECT GERHARD SCHROEDER HAS UNTIL OCTOBER 27TH -- THE DATE GERMANY'S PARLIAMENT IS EXPECTED TO ELECT HIM CHANCELLOR -- TO FORM A COALITION GOVERNMENT.

    MR. SCHROEDER'S SOCIAL DEMOCRATS -- THE S-P-D -- HAVE OPENED TALKS WITH LEADERS OF GERMANY'S ENVIRONMENTAL GREENS PARTY TO RESOLVE DIFFERENCES OVER KEY SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES.

    POLITICAL ANALYST DIETMAR HERZ OF BONN UNIVERSITY SAYS THE TALKS, ALTHOUGH COMPLICATED, SHOULD BE RELATIVELY EASY FOR THE TWO PARTIES WHO LARGELY AGREE ON MOST ISSUES.

    /// HERZ ACT ///

    THEY HAVE COMMON GROUND ON ALMOST EVERYTHING, WITH ONE EXCEPTION, ONE-AND-A-HALF EXCEPTIONS. IT'S THE ENERGY POLICY, THE NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS AND THE TIME FRAME FOR CLOSING THEM. THE SOCIAL DEMOCRATS WANT TO CLOSE THEM IN THE LONG FRAME, IN THE LONG TERM.

    /// END ACT ///

    ALTHOUGH MR. SCHROEDER DESCRIBED PRELIMINARY TALKS ON THURSDAY AS "FRIENDLY," S-P-D PARTY MANAGER FRANZ MUENTEFERING TOLD A GERMAN RADIO STATION FRIDAY THAT HIS PARTY WOULD REJECT ANY -- OF WHAT HE CALLED -- THE GREEN'S "CRAZY DEMANDS".

    THE TWO PARTIES DO VARY GREATLY WHEN IT COMES TO ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES. FOR EXAMPLE, MR. MUENTERFERING ADMITTED THAT THE COST OF ENERGY MUST BE INCREASED IN GERMANY, BUT SAID THE S-P-D WOULD NOT NEGOTIATE WITH THE GREENS ON RAISING PRICES EXORBITANTLY, SIMPLY TO DISCOURAGE THE USE OF CARS.

    MR. HERZ SAYS ANOTHER HURDLE IS GERMANY'S CONTROVERSIAL HIGH- SPEED TRAIN PROJECT.

    /// HERZ ACT ///

    THE GREENS ARE AGAINST IT, THE SOCIAL DEMOCRATS WANT TO MAINTAIN THIS PROJECT, AND THEY PROBABLY WILL OVERCOME THE GREENS' RESISTANCE.

    /// END ACT ///

    THE S-P-D HOLDS THE UPPER HAND IN THE NEGOTIATIONS. THE PARTY STILL HAS THE OPTION OF ENTERING INTO TALKS WITH THE CHRISTIAN DEMOCRATS IF NEGOTIATIONS FAIL WITH THE GREENS.

    ALSO DUE TO COME FROM THE OFFICIAL TALKS ARE THE APPOINTMENTS OF CABINET MINISTERS. THE GREENS WOULD LIKE TO HOLD FOUR OF THOSE POSTS, BUT THE S-P-D HAS HINTED THAT THE GREENS MAY HAVE TO SETTLE FOR JUST TWO. (SIGNED)
    NEB/SK/JWH
    02-Oct-98 7:37 AM EDT (1137 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [15] N-Y ECON WRAP (S & L) BY BRECK ARDERY (NEW YORK)

    DATE=10/2/98
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-239624
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: STOCK PRICES IN THE UNITED STATES WERE UP TODAY (FRIDAY) IN A STRONG REBOUND FROM RECENT LOSSES. V-O-A'S CORRESPONDENT BRECK ARDERY REPORTS FROM NEW YORK.

    TEXT: THE DOW JONES INDUSTRIAL AVERAGE CLOSED AT 77 HUNDRED 84, UP 152 POINTS OR TWO PERCENT. FOR THE WEEK, THE INDUSTRIAL AVERAGE LOST 244 POINTS OR THREE PERCENT. THE STANDARD AND POOR'S 500 INDEX CLOSED FRIDAY AT ONE THOUSAND TWO, UP 16 POINTS.

    ANALYSTS SAY THE RALLY WAS A COMBINATION OF BARGAIN HUNTING AND SOME OPTIMISM ABOUT THE INTERNATIONAL SITUATION. BARGAIN HUNTING WAS TO BE EXPECTED AFTER THE SIX PERCENT LOSS EARLIER IN THE WEEK. TRADERS WERE ALSO ENCOURAGED BY PRESIDENT CLINTON'S CALL FOR NEW INITIATIVES TO RELIEVE INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL PROBLEMS. THERE WAS ALSO HOPE THAT THE WEEKEND MEETING OF FINANCE MINISTERS AND CENTRAL BANKERS FROM THE MAJOR INDUSTRIALIZED NATIONS WILL PROVE HELPFUL.

    /// REST OPT FOR LONG ///

    BUT MOST ANALYSTS SAY THEY EXPECT STOCK MARKET VOLATILITY WILL CONTINUE AND RICKY HARRINGTON OF THE INTERSTATE, JOHNSON LANE INVESTMENT FIRM SAYS THERE IS OFTEN NO REAL REASON FOR MARKET MOVES.

    ///HARRINGTON ACT///

    INTRA-DAY MOVES ARE GOING TO BE VIOLENT AND UNEXPECTED AND I THINK IT IS A MISTAKE TO TRY TO READ SOMETHING INTO EVERY MOVE, WHETHER UP OR DOWN.

    ///END ACT///

    THE CHAIRMAN OF THE LARGEST BANK IN EUROPE HAS RESIGNED IN THE WAKE OF THE LONG-TERM CAPITAL MANAGEMENT HEDGE FUND DEBACLE. MATHIS CABIALLAVETTA AND THREE OF HIS TOP EXECUTIVES AT THE U-B-S BANK OF SWITZERLAND QUIT AFTER LOSING 700 MILLION DOLLARS IN LOANS TO THE FUND.

    THE REVLON COSMETICS COMPANY SAYS ITS EARNINGS WILL FALL FAR SHORT OF EXPECTATIONS INTO NEXT YEAR BECAUSE OF INTERNATIONAL PROBLEMS. REVLON'S STOCK PLUNGED BY 40 PERCENT.

    THE FORD MOTOR COMPANY SAYS IT WILL OFFER SALES INCENTIVES IN NORTH AMERICA STARTING SATURDAY. FORD WILL OFFER EITHER A CASH REBATE OF 500 DOLLARS OR ONE POINT NINE PERCENT FINANCING.

    COMPUTER MAKER HEWLETT-PACKARD SAYS IT WILL TRIM ITS WORK FORCE BY 25 HUNDRED WITH AN EARLY RETIREMENT PLAN. ALSO OFFERING EARLY RETIREMENT BONUSES IS THE DOW JONES COMPANY, PUBLISHER OF THE "WALL STREET JOURNAL." DOW JONES IS AIMING TO ELIMINATE 340 WORKERS.

    THE BROKERAGE AND INVESTMENT BANKING BUSINESSES HAVE A POWERFUL INFLUENCE ON THE ECONOMY OF NEW YORK CITY. A SIGN OF JUST HOW POWERFUL COMES FROM A SURVEY OF NEW YORK'S COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE BROKERS. THEY SAY THAT PRICES OFFERED FOR CITY OFFICE BUILDINGS HAVE FALLEN ABOUT 20 PERCENT IN THE LAST TWO MONTHS, ABOUT THE SAME AMOUNT THAT HAS BEEN LOST BY THE STOCK MARKET.(SIGNED) NEB/NY/BA/LSF/PT
    02-Oct-98 6:05 PM EDT (2205 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [16] FRIDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ANDREW N. GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=10/02/98
    TYPE=U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST
    NUMBER=6-10940
    TELEPHONE=619-3335
    EDITOR=ASSIGNMENTS
    CONTENT=

    ////

    EDS: PERISHABLE MATERIAL, DATED AFTER 10 P-M E - D - T ! !

    ////

    INTRO: OUTRAGE OVER THE MASSACRE OF CIVILIANS IN YUGOSLOVIA'S KOSOVO PROVINCE FILLS THE EDITORIALS PAGES OF MANY NEWSPAPERS THIS FRIDAY, AS THE UNITED NATIONS AND NATO CONTEMPLATE SOME TYPE OF MILITARY ACTION.,

    OTHER TOPICS INCLUDE THE POSSIBILITY OF IMPEACHMENT PROCEEDINGS AGAINST THE PRESIDENT; A GRISLY ANNIVERSARY MARKED IN MEXICO; AND DEALING WITH THE U-S BUDGET SURPLUS. NOW, HERE IS ______________ WITH A CLOSER LOOK AND SOME QUOTES IN TODAY'S EDITORIAL DIGEST.

    TEXT: THE NATION'S THREE LARGEST AND MOST INFLUENTIAL GENERAL DAILY NEWSPAPERS, "THE LOS ANGELES TIMES," "THE NEW YORK TIMES" AND "THE WASHINGTON POST," ARE ALL FOCUSED ON THE KILLING OF CIVILIANS IN KOSOVO PROVINCE. ALL ARE EXPRESSING OUTRAGE AT YUGOSLAVIAN PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC. FIRST, "THE LOS ANGELES TIMES"

    VOICE: THE WORLD'S DEMOCRACIES CANNOT STAND BY WHILE [MR.] MILOSEVIC'S TROOPS RAISE HAVOC IN KOSOVO .... THE KOSOVARS PRESENT NO THREAT TO [MR.] MILOSEVIC'S DOMINANCE IN YUGOSLAVIA, BUT ATTACKS BY HIS MILITARY AND POLICE COULD IGNITE THE FUSE OF MUSLIM NATIONALISM IN NEIGHBORING BALKAN COUNTRIES. EUROPE AND THE UNITED STATES WOULD BE IRRESPONSIBLE NOT TO TRY TO STOP THIS SPUTTERING CONFLICT FROM SPREADING.

    TEXT: "THE NEW YORK TIMES" LEADS ITS EDITORIAL COLUMN WITH ITS COMMENTS THAT INCLUDE THESE THOUGHTS.

    VOICE: THE NEED FOR OUTSIDE INTERVENTION IS URGENT. /// OPT

    /// RECENT DAYS HAVE BROUGHT HARROWING REPORTS OF MASSACRES OF WOMEN, CHILDREN AND THE ELDERLY BY SERBIAN FORCES. WITH WINTER COMING, HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF ETHNIC ALBANIANS IN KOSOVO HAVE BEEN DRIVEN FROM THEIR HOMES, MANY HAVING TO HIDE WITHOUT SHELTER OR FOOD IN THE MOUNTAINS. /// END OPT /// ..... MR. MILOSEVIC'S ETHNIC CLEANSING AND ATTACKS ON INNOCENTS HAVE PUSHED THE WORLD TO THE BRINK OF A MILITARY RESPONSE. ..... THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL SHOULD AUTHORIZE THE USE OF FORCE. /// OPT /// IF IT FAILS TO DO SO BECAUSE OF RUSSIAN OPPOSITION, WHICH IS LIKELY, NATO SHOULD MOVE AHEAD ANYWAY IF MILITARY ACTION PROVES NECESSARY TO SAVE THOUSANDS OF LIVES. /// END OPT ///

    TEXT: "THE WASHINGTON POST" IS CRITICAL OF THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION FOR NOT ACTING SOONER, BUT SAYS:

    VOICE: WHAT IS CRUCIAL NOW IS FOR THE ADMINISTRATION TO SHOW RESOLVE NOTWITHSTANDING ANY PHONY LAST-MINUTE CONCESSIONS BY MR. MILOSEVIC - - AND TO ACT WITH A CLEAR GOAL AND EQUALLY CLEAR UNDERSTANDING OF THE FORCE NEEDED TO ACHIEVE IT. /// OPT /// HALF-MEASURES INTENDED PRINCIPALLY TO REDEEM MR. CLINTON'S SHREDDED CREDIBILITY WILL ONLY MAKE MATTERS WORSE. /// END OPT ///

    TEXT: /// OPT /// IN FLORIDA, UNDER A HEADING READING: "NATO MUST ACT," "THE MIAMI HERALD," ASKS:

    VOICE: WHY IS THERE SUCH RELUCTANCE TO CONFRONT THE WORLD'S THUGS IN THE ONLY TERMS ... THEY UNDERSTAND? WITH YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC, THAT TERM IS FORCE. AND IF KOSOVO IS NOT TO BECOME THE WORLD'S NEWEST KILLING FIELD, THERE MUST BE FORCE BEHIND DIPLOMATS' WARNINGS THAT THE WORLD 'WILL NOT TOLERATE FURTHER ATROCITIES.'

    /// END OPT ///

    TEXT: "THE ORLANDO [FLORIDA] SENTINEL" WARNS OF ANOTHER FOREIGN "BOONDOGGLE" [FIASCO] ADVISING PRESIDENT CLINTON NOT "TO JUMP INTO KOSOVO'S QUAGMIRE, EXPOSING THE UNITED STATES TO YET ANOTHER OPEN-ENDED MILITARY COMMITMENT."

    VOICE: /// OPT /// BOSNIA SHOULD SERVE AS AN EXAMPLE - - OF WHAT NOT TO DO. AMERICANS GAIN NOTHING BY TANGLING THEMSELVES IN AGES-OLD CONFLICTS THAT DEFY SOLUTION. BUT THAT GOOD ADVICE APPEARS LOST ON MR. CLINTON. /// END OPT /// .... EVEN IF YUGOSLAVIA'S BELLIGERENCE WARRANTS MORE THAN A DIPLOMATIC RESPONSE, THE UNITED STATES SHOULDN'T BE LEADING THE EFFORT. EUROPEANS SHOULD TAKE CHARGE. KOSOVO IS IN THEIR BACK YARD. THE UNITED STATES SHOULD LIMIT ITS ROLE TO A SUPPORTING ONE. THIS NATION HAS ENOUGH TO CONTEND WITH, PARTICULARLY A GLOBAL ECONOMIC CRISIS THAT NOW THREATENS TO UNDERMINE AMERICANS' ECONOMIC PROSPERITY. /// OPT /// MR. CLINTON SHOULD DEVOTE HIS ATTENTION TO THAT CONCERN, NOT MANUFACTURE REASONS TO GET THE UNITED STATES BOGGED DOWN IN SOMEONE ELSE'S PROBLEM. /// END OPT ///

    TEXT: THE LEADING DOMESTIC TOPIC CONTINUES TO BE THE IMPEACHMENT PROCEEDINGS AGAINST PRESIDENT CLINTON OVER THE MONICA LEWINSKY AFFAIR. HOW THE COUNTRY IS PERCEIVING THE MATTER WORRIES "THE OMAHA WORLD-HERALD," WHICH WONDERS WHERE IS ALL THE OUTRAGE?

    VOICE: THE APPARENT WILLINGNESS OF SOME AMERICANS TO DO WHATEVER IT TAKES TO RETURN TO COMFORTABLE NORMALCY SUGGESTS A DISTURBING LACK OF JUDGMENT. THEY ARE ASKING, IN A SENSE, THAT [PRESIDENT] CLINTON BE PARDONED - - BEFORE THE ... INVESTIGATION IS COMPLETED ... BEFORE THE PUBLIC HAS THE OPPORTUNITY TO HEAR THE DEBATE AND DIGEST ALL THE EVIDENCE ... /// OPT /// PEOPLE AND THEIR ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES CAN'T LEAVE MATTERS TO LATE-NIGHT COMEDIANS, HISTORIANS, LAWYERS AND HILLARY RODHAM CLINTON. CONGRESS AND THE PUBLIC STILL HAVE A RESPONSIBILITY TO STUDY THE EVIDENCE AND ANSWER ALL THE QUESTIONS TO THE BEST OF THEIR ABILITY. ONLY THEN ARE THEY LIKELY TO MAKE AN INFORMED DECISION. /// END OPT

    ///

    TEXT: IN GEORGIA, HOWEVER, "THE ATLANTA CONSTITUTION" SAYS THE MORAL RIGHTEOUSNESS OF SENATE MAJORITY LEADER TRENT LOTT, HOUSE SPEAKER NEWT GINGRICH, AND OTHERS IN THE ANTI-CLINTON CAMP, IS NOT GAINING SUPPORT AMONG THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, AND MAY BE THE FACTOR THAT MOST HELPS MR. CLINTON SURVIVE.

    VOICE: THE MONTHS AHEAD PROMISE TO BE NASTY AND BLOODY, BUT WE WILL EMERGE FROM THAT CRUCIBLE A DIFFERENT NATION, PERHAPS UNRECOGNIZABLE IN SOME WAYS. THIS WILL NOT BE WATERGATE; IN CULTURAL TERMS IT IS SOMETHING MUCH LARGER, A FIGHT OVER WHO WE ARE AS A PEOPLE. /// OPT /// THAT'S A DAUNTING PROSPECT FOR [SENATOR] LOTT, [MR.] GINGRICH AND OTHERS. THEY HAVE TURNED [PRESIDENT] CLINTON INTO THE DEVIL INCARNATE AMONG THEIR POLITICAL BASE, AND TO KEEP THAT BASE HAPPY THEY MUST FIGHT HARD TO OUST HIM. BUT THE HARDER THEY FIGHT [TO OUST HIM] , THE MORE THEY WILL CONFIRM THE FEARS OF A MAJORITY THAT ALREADY DISTRUSTS THEM. THIS IS A BATTLE THEY ... PROBABLY CAN'T WIN. /// END OPT ///

    TEXT: IN MEXICO, THIS IS THE GRIM ANNIVERSARY OF AN ESPECIALLY DARK MOMENT, THE 1968 MASSACRE OF HUNDREDS OF STUDENT DEMONSTRATORS IN A MEXICO CITY PLAZA, AND TODAY'S " MIAMI HERALD" NOTES:

    VOICE: /// OPT /// THE STUDENT MOVEMENT WAS CRUSHED BACK THEN, BUT NOT THE DESIRE FOR DEMOCRACY. TODAY, MR. DIAZ ORDAZ [MEXICO'S PRESIDENT AT THE TIME] IS DEAD, AND THE RULING PARTY'S HEGEMONY IS SPLINTERING. BUT /// END OPT /// MEXICANS BRANDED FOREVER BY WHAT HAPPENED 30 YEARS AGO IN TLATELOLCO PLAZA WILL NOT REST UNTIL THE TRUTH IS FULLY KNOWN. FOR INHUMAN HORROR DEMANDS AN ACCOUNTING THAT NEITHER TIME NOR A GOVERNMENT CAN SNUFF OUT - - BE IT IN MEXICO .... CHINA .... OR THE BALKANS.

    TEXT: /// OPT /// DOMESTICALLY, IN MAINE, FRIDAY'S "PORTLAND PRESS HERALD" WARNS THAT THE NATION SHOULD NOT DELUDE ITSELF WITH SELF-CONGRATULATIONS ABOUT THE 70-BILLION DOLLAR BUDGET SURPLUS ANNOUNCED THIS WEEK.

    VOICE: NOW, IF EVERYONE IS FINISHED PATTING THEMSELVES ON THE BACK FOR FULFILLING A BASIC RESPONSIBILITY OF PUBLIC OFFICE, THE DEBATE OUGHT TO MOVE ON TO WHAT SHOULD BE DONE WITH THE SURPLUS. ..... SOMETIME IN THE 20-30S (2020 - 2030), THE RETIREMENT SYSTEM WILL RUN OUT OF MONEY AND, AFTER THAT DATE, WILL ONLY BE ABLE TO MEET ABOUT 75 PERCENT OF ITS OBLIGATIONS. .... WITH THE U-S ECONOMY PERFORMING WELL DESPITE FINANCIAL PROBLEMS ABROAD, ONE WOULD THINK CONGRESS AND THE PRESIDENT WOULD LEARN. SOUND FISCAL POLICY IS SOUND ECONOMICS. A BALANCED BUDGET, INCLUDING PAYMENT OF FUTURE SOCIAL SECURITY OBLIGATIONS, SHOULD BE THE NATION'S FIRST PRIORITY. /// END OPT ///

    TEXT: ON THAT NOTE, WE CONCLUDE THIS SAMPLING OF EDITORIALS FROM FRIDAY'S DAILY PAPERS.
    NEB/ANG/GE
    02-Oct-98 11:37 AM EDT (1537 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


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