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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-09-15

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Qetikes ektimhseis sthn ekqesh toy DNT
  • [02] "Dhmochfisma o Kallikraths"
  • [03] Neo systhma meta to 2013
  • [04] H "qeia Agkaqa"

    [01] Qetikes ektimhseis sthn ekqesh toy DNT

    To programma staqeropoihshs ths ellhnikhs oikonomias exei kanei mia dynath arxh, kai oi mexri twra epidoseis exoyn petyxei toys stoxoys, kyriws ws aporroia ths pisths efarmoghs toy dhmosionomikoy programmatos, opws kai shmantikwn metarryqmisewn poy se polles periptwseis prowqhqhkan nwritera toy problepomenoy, tonizei h prwth ekqesh-apotimhsh ths poreias ylopoihshs toy mnhmonioy poy dhmosiopoihqhke apo to Dieqnes Nomismatiko Tameio, kai h opoia epishmainei pantws, oti ejakoloyqoyn na yfistantai shmantikes proklhseis.

    Shmeiwnetai, epishs, oti h yfesh ejelissetai opws eixe problefqei, alla o plhqwrismos einai ychloteros toy problepomenoy logw twn ayjhsewn stoys emmesoys foroys. Pantws oi epiptwseis den anamenetai na exoyn monimo xarakthra kaqws, opws epishmainetai, exei periorisqei h ayjhsh twn eisodhmatwn.

    Ypogrammizetai epishs oti sto kratiko epipedo h dhmosionomikh ejygiansh proxwra ikanopoihtika kai jeperna toys stoxoys poy eixan teqei ejisorropwntas etsi to elleimma poy katagrafetai sto topiko epipedo.

    H reystothta sto trapeziko systhma xarakthrizetai sfixth alla eparkhs, yposthrizomenh apo ta programmata sthrijhs ths EKT opws kai alla metra poy exoyn lhfqei, enw epishmainontai me emfash oi metarryqmiseis oysias sto syntajiodotiko systhma kai thn agora ergasias oi opoies exoyn qespisqei nwritera toy problepomenoy. Sto plaisio ayto tonizetai oti briskontai se ejelijh kai alles shmantikes metarryqmiseis. Para ta elafrws mikrotera esoda, mexri to telos Ioynioy epiteyxqhkan oi stoxoi poy eixan teqei sxetika me tis epidoseis, tonizei h ekqesh, alla epishmainei adynamies se o,ti afora ton elegxo twn dapanwn sto topiko epipedo.

    Tonizetai oti gia thn antimetwpish twn dhmosionomikwn kindynwn poy paramenoyn shmantikoi, problepontai oti mexri to telos Septembrioy qa exoyn arxisei na efarmozontai bhmata gia thn kalyterh leitoyrgia twn foroeispraktikwn mhxanismwn. Sto plaisio ayto epishmainetai, pantws, oti an kai h kybernhsh emfanizetai apofasismenh, h prospaqeia sygkroyetai me mia baqia rizwmenh koyltoyra forodiafyghs, alla kai entones antidraseis apo to eswteriko ths Eforias. Tonizetai oti h opoia proodos anamenetai na einai stadiakh enw ypogrammizetai h anagkh na doqei emfash sthn anazhthsh twn eyporwn forofygadwn, logw twn anhsyxiwn poy yparxoyn sxetika me to kata poson thn olh prospaqeia diepei aisqhma dikaioy.

    Oloklhro to keimeno (107 selides) sth dieyqynsh http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/cat/longres.cfm?sk=24208.0

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    [02] "Dhmochfisma o Kallikraths"

    "O dromos gia th staqeropoihsh ths oikonomias einai makrys kai dyskolos, omws, balame oloi oi Ellhnes ta qemelia gia na ginoyn prajh oi megales allages", tonise o prwqypoyrgos se omilia toy sto Eqniko Symboylio toy pASOK.

    Epipleon, epishmane oti "kataferame na krathsoyme thn Ellada orqia kai thn elpida zwntanh, wste na mporesoyme na xtisoyme mia staqerh Ellada" kai yposthrije oti h dyskolh kaqhmerinothta einai to timhma toy parelqontos kai o dyskolos dromos ths metabashs.

    Xarakthrise krisimes tis ekloges toy Noembrioy kai tonise oti o "Kallikraths" einai dhmochfisma yper h kata twn megalwn allagwn, apenanti se osoys epixeiroyn na krathsoyn egklwbismenh thn Ellada sto parelqon kai se ekeinoys poy eidan thn anaptyjh san moirasma pronomiwn.

    O prwqypoyrgos zhthse apo oloys na sthrijoyn tis ypochfiothtes toy PASOK stis aytodioikhtikes ekloges kai na symballoyn me oles toys tis dynameis, wste na anadeixtoyn ekeina ta proswpa poy pisteyoyn stis arxes toy "Kallikrath".

    Kalese de toys polites na poyn "oxi" stis dynameis poy den qeloyn n' allajei tipota, stis dynameis poy kryboyn thn antirrhsh toys sthn mnhmoniologia.

    "Eimaste dynamh anatrophs, alla kai synenwshs oswn dynamewn qeloyn thn alagh mesa apo koinoys stoxoys", ypogrammise o k. Papandreooy.

    Parallhla, o k. Papandreoy epanelabe tis proteraiothtes ths kybernhshs stis opoies eixe anaferqei kai sthn omilia toy sthn DEQ.

    Prokeitai metajy allwn, gia to anoigma twn kleistwn epaggelmatwn, thn anadiarqrwsh twn zhmiogonwn DEKO, thn anadiarqrwsh toy forologikoy mhxanismoy, wste na yparjei to pio dikaio systhma, thn anadiarqrwsh toy trapezikoy systhmatos, thn eniaia arxh plhrwmwn sto Dhmosio, th diafaneia kai thn anaptyjh, wste to kratos na exei sto epikentro ton polith.

    O k. Papandreoy ypogrammise akomh oti tis meres aytes kleinei enas prwtos kyklos, alla anoigei ki enas neos, enas kyklos megalwn, epanastatikwn kai aytonohtwn allagwn gia thn Ellada, oi opoies "qa odhghgoyn thn patrida mas oxi mono ejw apo thn krish, alla kai qa thn prostateysoyn apo mellontikes tetoies synqhkes, kaqws epishs kai se ena kratos biwsimhs anaptyjhs".

    Anaferqeis sthn ejwterikh politikh ths xwras, o k. Papandreoy tonise oti an kai 11 mhnes prin h xwra eixe xasei teleiws thn ajiopistia ths, shmera thn anaktoyme me kopo kai agwna kai shmeiwse oti kaqws ta dieqnh fwta paramenoyn panw sthn Ellada, h prwtoboylies ths kybernhshs pairnoyn dieqnh diastash gia thn allagh ths eikonas ths.

    "Hdh exoyme jekinhsei mia fash ejwstrefeias kai epiqetikwn prwtoboyliwn se qemata ejwterikhs politikhs", eipe o k. Papandreoy kai shmeiwse oti "kanoyme safes pantoy oti h Ellada einai pantoy paroysa, oti exoyme logo", kaqws epishs kai oti pame panta ena bhma mprosta se ola ta qemata poy apasxoloyn thn dieqnh koinothta.

    Se ayth thn prospaqeia ths kybernhshs gia epiqetikh kai ejwstrefh ejwterikh politikh, o k. Papandreoy kalese ola ta kommata na probaloyn mia isxyrh kai ejwstrefh Elllada.

    Neos grammateas o Kallikraths

    Neos grammateas toy Eqnikoy Symboylioy toy PASOK einai o Mixalhs Karximakhs, opws proekyce apo tis ekloges kata th synedriash toy Eqnikoy Symboylioy toy Kinhmatos. Apo toys 412 eggegrammenoys, chfisan oi 342 kai o k. Karximakhs elabe 282 chfoys. Epipleon, breqhkan 12 akyra kai 48 leyka.

    "Einai poly megalo to baros ths eyqynhs poy analambanw se mia poly krisimh sygkyria gia ton topo", dhlwse amesws meta thn eklogh toy o Mixalhs Karximakhs. Tonise oti "einai eyqynh, poy qa metatrapei se prospaqeia sthrijhs ths kybernhshs sto dyskolo dromo poy pernaei, alla taytoxrona kai prospaqeia wste to komma na paijei ena rolo ths syneidhshs ths kybernhshs".

    O k. Karximakhs eipe oti qa einai anoixtos se oloys toys syntrofoys "wste na dwsoyme ayth thn periodo mia poly megalh maxh, th maxh twn dhmotikwn eklogwn, th maxh poy pragmatika dinei mia allh pnoh sthn Ellada". Symplhrwse, akomh, pws "qa anadeijoyme oti organwmenh politikh drash einai ena apo ta kyriarxa zhtoymena ths epoxhs kai qa kateyqynoyme thn prospaqeia mas, wste h politikh na apokthsei thn aytonomia ths, alla kai taytoxrona to orama, thn empneysh kai to synaisqhma poy apaitoyntai gia na proxwrhsoyme mprosta".

    Ejalloy, o k. Karximakhs eyxaristhse toso ton proedro toy PASOK kai prwqypoyrgo k. Giwrgo Papandreoy, oso kai ta melh toy Eqnikoy Symboylioy gia thn timh poy toy ekanan gia thn empistosynh me thn opoia thn periebalan.

    Syskech gia thn poreia ylopoihshs toy mnhmonioy

    H poreia ylopoihshs desmeysewn ths kybernhshs, opws aytes aporreoyn apo to mnhmonio, gia to trito trimhno, teqhkan sto epikentro ths syskechs, poy pragmatopoihqhke sto Megaro Majimoy ypo ton prwqypoyrgo Giwrgo Papandreoy me th symmetoxh pollwn ypoyrgwn.

    Symfwna me ypoyrgoys poy symmeteixan sth syskech, egine mia episkophsh gia thn ejelijh twn drasewn poy exoyn dromologhqei mexri to telos toy xronoy ana ypoyrgeio, kaqws epishs kai gia tis diarqrwtikes allages poy exoyn programmatistei.

    Epipleon syzhthqhkan kai oi proteraiothtes gia to tetarto trimhno.

    Phges toy ypoyrgeioy Oikonomikwn ektimoysan, meta th syskech, oti eimaste sto swsto dromo, oson afora thn ylopoihsh twn desmeysewn enanti toy mnhmonioy gia to trito trimhno kai ejefrazan aisiodojia gia thn poreia twn esodwn sto 2010, prosqetontas oti se ayta qa prosmetrhqoyn kai ta esoda toy erxomenoy Genarh kai Flebarh.

    Epipleon, oi idies phges xarakthrizan ikanopoihtiko to epitokio kai to apotelesma ths shmerinhs ekdoshs entokwn grammatiwn.

    Oson afora sto senario ths ejiswshs toy petrelaioy qermanshs me to petrelaio kinhshs, oi idies phges eqesan ws proypoqesh gia na prokriqei ayth h lysh, thn yparjh mhxanismwn anadianomhs, o opoios pros to paron toylaxiston den yparxei.

    Ekanan malista logo gia metro ejygianshs kai koinwnika dikaio "an efarmostei swsta". Parallhla elegan oti ejetazontai kai alla senaria.

    Ej alloy oi idies phges xarakthrizan to Septembrio ws "mhna Reppa" kai symplhrwnan metajy allwn oti to qema toy anoigmatos gia ta ypoloipa kleista epaggelmata qa exei oloklhrwqei ws to telos toy xronoy.

    Sth syskech symmeteixan oi: Qodwros Pagkalos, Giwrgos Papakwnstantinoy, Giannhs Ragkoyshs, Mixalhs Xrysoxoidhs, Loyka Katselh, Andreas Loberdos, Dhmhtrhs Reppas kai Tina Mpirmpilh.

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    [03] Neo systhma meta to 2013

    Neo systhma eisagwghs sta Panepisthmia kai ta TEI qa exoyme meta to 2013, anefere h ypoyrgos Paideias A. Diamantopoyloy, milwntas ston thleoptiko staqmo MEGKA. Qa prohghqoyn omws, opws tonise, allages sta lykeia.

    Sygkekrimena h ypoyrgos tonise: "Apo toy xronoy h prwth lykeioy, qa exei kainoyrgio programma. Ta paidia poy qa pane toy xronoy sthn prwth lykeioy, qa foithsoyn se mia deytera kai trith lykeioy, teleiws diaforetikh. Me poly liga maqhmata. Qa exoyn tessera ypoxrewtika maqhmata sta opoia qa kanoyn diplasio ariqmo wrwn sto sxoleio. Qa exoyn liga maqhmata epiloghs, sta opoia qa doyleyoyn me ergasies, opws kai sta basika maqhmata. Qa allajei o tropos ajiologhshs twn maqhtwn. Qa yparxoyn ejetaseis eswterikes sto sxoleio kai o baqmos qa syndeetai me ta panepisthmia, ta opoia qa orizoyn ta maqhmata poy apaitoyntai gia thn eisagwgh kai th staqmish ths baqmologias. Ayto omws shmainei allagh kai sta Panepisthmia. O Oktwbrios einai o mhnas poy syzhtame gia tis allages sta Panepisthmia kai ta Texnologika Idrymata ths xwras".

    Stoxos toy ypoyrgeioy Paideias einai to lykeio na ginei "mia aytonomh monada, opoy to paidi ws poliths qa prepei na symplhrwnei th gnwsh toy". Oso gia tis allages stis panellhnies ejetaseis toy 2011, h ypoyrgos eipe oti exei hdh anakoinwqei anadiarqrwsh olhs ths ylhs h opoia exei meiwqei. Sygxronws meletwntai allages sta mhxanografika.

    Idiaitera omws h ypoyrgos anaferqhke sto neo chfiako sxoleio. Sygkekrimena apo ton Oktwbrio qa arxisei na leitoyrgei ena systhma symfwna me to opoio h ylh brisketai sto diadiktyo kai oi maqhtes mporoyn na o parakoloyqoyn zwntana apo thn oqonh toy ypologisth. Na blepoyn ton ekpaideytiko, na kanoyn erwthseis kai na pairnoyn apanthseis. H arxh gia to chfiako sxoleio ginetai apo ta dhmotika sta opoia qa pane forhta ergasthria me ypologistes, poy qa mpainoyn stis tajeis gia na ginetai to maqhma, enw qa topoqethqoyn diadrastikoi pinakes sthn b'tajh gymnasioy.

    Alla kai ta paidia toy lykeioy qa exoyn thn yposthrijh ths didaskalias apo to diadiktyo.

    "Stoxos gia th b'kai g'lykeioy" eipe h ypoyrgos "einai o maqhths na mhn xreiazetai oyte frontisthrio, oyte bohqeia. Exoyme ftasei sto shmeio na kanoyn frontisthrio ta paidia toy dhmotikoy kai oi foithtes sto Panepisthmio. Ayto shmainei oti ektos apo to systhma prepei kai emeis na allajoyme ws nootropia".

    Se erwthma sxetika me thn elleich ypodomwn sta sxoleia, h ypoyrgos apanthse: "Qa afhsoyme mia genia paidiwn pisw, qewrwntas oti prepei na kanoyme prwta to teleio sxoleio kai meta na baloyme ton ypologisth; Emeis qeloyme ayth h genia, na einai mia genia poy qa exei sta xeria ths ola ayta poy xreiazetai gia na antagwnistei, se pagkosmio epipedo".

    H ypoyrgos dieykrinise pantws oti den qa doqoyn forhtoi ypologistes stoys maqhtes ths a'gymnasioy kaqws opws eipe "h Eyrwpaikh Enwsh mas zhtaei pisw ta lefta gia toys ypologistes poy eixan doqei xwris na yparxei chfiako periexomeno, xwris na yparxei maqhma kai ekpaideysh twn ekpaideytikwn. Phran ta paidia toys ypologistes sta spitia toys kai paizane".

    H ypoyrgos dieykrinise oti oson afora stis oikonomikes ekkremothtes pros toys ekpaideytikoys, "exoyn plhrwqei oloi oi wromisqioi kai anaplhrwtes. Opws epishs kai apo thn Prosqeth Didaktikh Sthrijh poy egine persi. Yparxei problhma me thn Prosqeth Didaktikh Sthrijh toy 2008 kai 2009, opws kai me enan ariqmo didaskontwn se eyrwpaika programmata, giati eginan ta programmata ayta kai phran anqrwpoys xwris na yparxoyn probleceis kai pistwseis alla kai kamia nomikh desmeysh. Pantws ejantleitai kaqe prospaqeia gia na lyqei to qema".

    Sxetika me th syzhthsh gia ta ekpaideytika kena kai ton ariqmo twn maqhtwn ana tajh, h ypoyrgos epishmane oti ta kena poy yparxoyn einai 2.500. Ta 1500 einai se 70 eidikothtes kai ta 1000 sthn prwtobaqmia ekpaideysh. "Anakoinwsame", tonise, "kai 4.200 ekpaideytikoys ws pleonasma, pragma poy shmainei oti sxoleia kai dieyqynseis exoyn perissoteroys ekpaideytikoys, se sygkekrimenes eidikothtes, apo aytoys poy xreiazontai".

    Gia ton ariqmo twn maqhtwn h Anna Diamantopoyloy ypenqymise to nomo poy leei oti sthn tajh mporoyn na einai mexri 30 paidia oson afora sth deyterobaqmia kai 25 sthn Prwtobaqmia. "Stoxos mas - eipe - einai ta 25 paidia ana tmhma. Ekei poy yparxei qema xwroy h alloy eidoys zhthmata pame apo ta 25 sto syn 10%. Symfwna me stoixeia apo toys perifereiakoys dieyqyntes den yparxei oyte ena tmhma panw apo 30 paidia kai mono ena pososto 7% twn tmhmatwn ftanei sta 27-28 paidia".

    Akomh h ypoyrgos eipe oti ta Sxoleia Deyterhs Eykairias kai ta Sxoleia Periballontikhs Ekpaideyshs qa leitoyrghsoyn kanonika.

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    [04] H "qeia Agkaqa"

    Me to nomo twn piqanothtwn den perna hmera, poy na mhn diabazetai apo kapoion anqrwpo se kapoia gwnia toy planhth. To koino ths ariqmei disekatommyria opadoys, poy ananewnontai m' enan monadiko tropo apo pappoy se gio ki apo gio se eggono, oso ta dhmioyrghmata ths typwnontai kai janatypwnontai sta piesthria toy kosmoy. Sxedon gonidiaka metadidetai h fhmh ths, akomh ki an ekeinh exei perasei apo kairo sth sfaira ths aiwniothtas. Ti shmasia exei; Ta biblia ths einai edw kai synthroyn ton myqo ths.

    San shmera, ekaton eikosi xronia pisw, sto Ntebon ths Agglias gennhqhke to koritsi, poy emelle na ginei h dhmofilesterh syggrafeas toy planhth. Ekeinh poy "kyoforhse" kai efere panhgyrika ston kosmo ton Hraklh Poyarw kai th Mis Marpl. H Mairh Klarisa Agkaqa Miler, h aplws Agkaqa Kristi.

    H "mastorissa" toy astynomikoy myqistorhmatos, poy fwtise ton dromo katopinwn dhmioyrgwn toy eidoys, pote den qa peqanei. Einai ayto to kati sto synarpastiko syggrafiko ths stil, poy kaqhlwnei, poy kanei fanatiko opado ths, apo th meleth toy prwtoy kiolas biblioy ths, kaqe neo anagnwsth ths.

    To megalo ainigma den einai ayto, poy paroysiazei sthn plokh kaqe biblioy ths. Einai h diadromh toy diaxronikoy myaloy ths, h syndyastikh skech ths, oi eyrhmatikoi xarakthres ths. Einai h idia h Agkaqa Kristi.

    "H grafh ths einai eqistikh. San narkwtiko, poy se ypnwtizei. Einai adynato na diabaseis to prwto biblio ths kai na mhn anazhthseis ta epomena. Einai adynaton na jekinhseis ena biblio ths kai na to afhseis prin ftaseis sthn teleytaia toy selida", htan to apotelesma sxetikh ereynas, poy diejhxqh sthn Agglia. To sigoyro einai pws se opoio koino ki an apeyqynotan h sygkekrimenh ereyna, to idio apotelesma qa eixe. Giati h Agkaqa Kristi einai Agglida monon sto lhjiarxeio toy NtebonbŠ H "qeia Agkaqa" einai o "dikos anqrwpos" toy kaqe spitioy se oles tis hpeiroys toy kosmoy.

    Egrace synolika 80 myqistorhmata kai sylloges dihghmatwn, kai 19 qeatrika erga, poy metafrasthkan kai "paixthkan" sta qeatra pagkosmiws. Sth lista twn parastasewn, poy paroysiazontai gia dekaeties sto Londino, "H Pontikopagida" ths einai h makrobioterh (penhnta kai pleon xronia "paizetai", me enallassomeno, asfalws, kast hqopoiwn) kai to fainomeno ths proseleyshs toy kosmoy san se premiera katagrafetai kaqe brady. Sto londreziko periodiko "TimeOut", opoy ebdomadiaiws paroysiazontai oi krathseis gia kaqe parastash, sthn Pontikopagida ta propwlhmena eisithria einai "mexri Deyteras Paroysias"! To sygkekrimeno ergo grafthke apo thn Agkaqa to 1947 gia ta geneqlia ths basilissas kai ws shmera exoyn perasei apo to qeatro, opoy ejelissetai h plokh toy, perissoteroi apo 12 ekatommyria qeates. Kai oxi tyxaia, an skeftei kaneis pws ta erga ths exoyn metafrastei se 70 kai pleon glwsses kai monon h Biblos kai o Oyiliam Saijphr exoyn poylhsei perissotera antitypa.

    Ta perissotera, de, apo ta biblia ths exoyn metaferqei ston kinhmatografo me terastia epityxia kai exoyn ginei thleoptikes seires, kyriws apo to BBC, opoy proballontai apo to 1984 ews shmera.

    Ta egklhmata sto Orian Ejpres kai ston Neilo, to diplo egklhma katw ap' ton hlio, oi deka mikroi negroi, to retro sthn omixlh, o dolofonos toy Rotzer Akroynt kai tosa alla sthn aenah timhtikh toys, loiponbŠ

    Me thn aformh twn 120 xronwn apo th gennhsh soy, qeia Agkaqa, polyxronh sth skech mas kai sth zwh mas.

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