SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES
SECTION 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS
States Parties shall settle any dispute between them concerning the
interpretation or application of this Convention by peaceful means in
accordance with Article 2, paragraph 3, of the Charter of the United
Nations and, to this end, shall seek a solution by the means indicated in
Article 33, paragraph 1, of the Charter.
Obligation to settle disputes by peaceful means
Nothing in this Part impairs the right of any States Parties to agree at
any time to settle a dispute between them concerning the interpretation or
application of this Convention by any peaceful means of their own choice.
Settlement of disputes by any peaceful means chosen by the parties
1. If the States Parties which are parties to a dispute concerning the
interpretation or application of this Convention have agreed to seek
settlement of the dispute by a peaceful means of their own choice, the
procedures provided for in this Part apply only where no settlement has
been reached by recourse to such means and the agreement between the
parties does not exclude any further procedure .
Procedure where no settlement has been reached by the parties
2. If the parties have also agreed on a time-limit, paragraph 1 applies
only upon the expiration of that time-limit.
If the States Parties which are parties to a dispute concerning the
interpretation or application of this Convention have agreed, through a
general, regional or bilateral agreement or otherwise, that such dispute
shall, at the request of any party to the dispute, be submitted to a
procedure that entails a binding decision, that procedure shall apply in
lieu of the procedures provided for in this Part, unless the parties to the
dispute otherwise agree.
Obligations under general, regional or bilateral agreements
1. When a dispute arises between States Parties concerning the
interpretation or application of this Convention, the parties to the
dispute shall proceed expeditiously to an exchange of views regarding its
settlement by negotiation or other peaceful means.
2. The parties shall also proceed expeditiously to an exchange of views
where a procedure for the settlement of such a dispute has been terminated
without a settlement or where a settlement has been reached and the
circumstances require consultation regarding the manner of implementing the
1. A State Party which is a party to a dispute concerning the
interpretation or application of this Convention may invite the other party
or parties to submit the dispute to conciliation in accordance with the
procedure under Annex V, section 1, or another conciliation procedure.
2. If the invitation is accepted and if the parties agree upon the
conciliation procedure to be applied, any party may submit the dispute to
3. If the invitation is not accepted or the parties do not agree upon the
procedure, the conciliation proceedings shall be deemed to be terminated.
4. Unless the parties otherwise agree, when a dispute has been submitted to
conciliation, the proceedings may be terminated only in accordance with the
agreed conciliation procedure.
Obligation to exchange views
This section applies to any dispute which pursuant to Part XI, section 5,
is to be settled in accordance with procedures provided for in this Part.
If an entity other than a State Party is a party to such a dispute, this
section applies mutatis mutandis.
Application of this section to disputes submitted pursuant
to Part XI
Convention on the Law of the Sea: Index